Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.050.116.600 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1736 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 174 ir para página                         

  1 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29237607
[Au] Autor:Batty GD; Zaninotto P; Watt RG; Bell S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College, London, UK david.batty@ucl.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Associations of pet ownership with biomarkers of ageing: population based cohort study.
[So] Source:BMJ;359:j5558, 2017 12 13.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: To examine the prospective relation between animal companionship and biomarkers of ageing in older people. DESIGN: Analyses of data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, an ongoing, open, prospective cohort study initiated in 2002-03. SETTING: Nationally representative study from England. PARTICIPANTS: 8785 adults (55% women) with a mean age of 67 years (SD 9) at pet ownership assessment in 2010-11 (wave 5). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Established biomarkers of ageing in the domains of physical, immunological, and psychological function, as assessed in 2012-13 (wave 6). RESULTS: One third of study members reported pet ownership: 1619 (18%) owned a dog, 1077 (12%) a cat, and 274 (3%) another animal. After adjustment for a range of covariates, there was no evidence of a clear association of any type of pet ownership with walking speed, lung function, chair rise time, grip strength, leg raises, balance, three markers of systemic inflammation, memory, or depressive symptoms. CONCLUSION: In this population of older adults, the companionship of creatures great and small seems to essentially confer no relation with standard ageing phenotypes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/fisiologia
Biomarcadores/análise
Vínculo Homem-Animal de Estimação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Estudos de Coortes
Inglaterra
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Animais de Estimação
Estudos Prospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5558


  2 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29328567
[Au] Autor:Bosnjak I; Zdravkovic N; Colovic S; Randelovic S; Galic N; Radojicic M; Sekler M; Aleksic-Kovacevic S; Krnjaic D
[Ti] Título:Neglected zoonosis: The prevalence of Salmonella spp. in pet reptiles in Serbia.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(10):980-2, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais de Estimação/microbiologia
Répteis/microbiologia
Salmonelose Animal/transmissão
Salmonella/patogenicidade
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
Salmonelose Animal/diagnóstico
Salmonelose Animal/epidemiologia
Salmonelose Animal/microbiologia
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/diagnóstico
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP160809222B


  3 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29304166
[Au] Autor:Su B; Koda N; Martens P
[Ad] Endereço:International Centre for Integrated Assessment and Sustainable Development (ICIS), Maastricht University, MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.
[Ti] Título:How Japanese companion dog and cat owners' degree of attachment relates to the attribution of emotions to their animals.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190781, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recently, studies in the United States and European countries have shown that the degree of attachment is associated with the attribution of emotions to companion animals. These studies imply that investigating the degree of attachment to companion animals is a good way for researchers to explore animal emotions and then improve animal welfare. Although a promising area of study, in Japan, no empirical studies have examined the correlation between the degree of attachment and the attribution of emotions to companion animals. In this research, we aimed to assess companion animal owners' attribution of six primary (anger, joy, sadness, disgust, fear and surprise) and four secondary (shame, jealousy, disappointment and compassion) emotions to their dogs and cats, as well as how the degree of attachment related to such attribution of emotions from a Japanese cultural perspective. The "Pet Bonding Scale" (PBS), which is used to determine the level of bonding between humans and animals, was introduced to measure respondents' degree of attachment to their companion animals. The results of a questionnaire (N = 546) distributed throughout Japan showed that respondents attributed a wide range of emotions to their animals. Companion animals' primary emotions, compared to secondary emotions, were more commonly attributed by their owners. The attribution of compassion and jealousy was reported at a high level (73.1% and 56.2%, respectively), which was surprising as compassion and jealousy are generally defined as secondary emotions. All participants were highly attached to their companion animals, and this attachment was positively associated with the attribution of emotions (9/10) to companion animals (all p < 0.05). This study is one of the first to investigate animal emotions by analyzing the bonding between companion animals and owners in Japan, and it can therefore provide knowledge to increase Japanese people's awareness of animal welfare.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vínculo Homem-Animal de Estimação
Gatos
Cães
Emoções
Percepção
Animais de Estimação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos/psicologia
Cultura
Cães/psicologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Japão
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Animais de Estimação/psicologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Teoria da Mente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190781


  4 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28467121
[Au] Autor:Heuberger RA; Pierce J
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Human Environmental Studies , Central Michigan University.
[Ti] Título:Companion-Animal Caregiver Knowledge, Attitudes, and Beliefs Regarding End-of-Life Care.
[So] Source:J Appl Anim Welf Sci;20(4):313-323, 2017 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1532-7604
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although awareness of end-of-life care is growing within the veterinary field and there appears to be consumer demand for these services, it is unclear exactly what caregivers know about end-of-life options for their companion animals. Are companion-animal caregivers aware of the range of options for their nonhuman animals? What do they value most highly for their nonhuman animals at the end of life? Answers to these and other related questions about caregiver perceptions are important because what they know about end-of-life care and how they approach decision-making for their companion animals will shape the kind of care an animal receives. This article presents the results of a large survey exploring companion-animal caregivers' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about end-of-life care, including in-home euthanasia, hospice and palliative care, financial commitment to end-of-life care, insurance usage, and level of comfort in providing care (e.g., subcutaneous fluids) in the home.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cuidadores/psicologia
Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde
Animais de Estimação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tomada de Decisões
Assistência Terminal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10888705.2017.1321483


  5 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29228960
[Au] Autor:Jessen LR; Sørensen TM; Lilja ZL; Kristensen M; Hald T; Damborg P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Dyrlægevej 16, 1870, Frederiksberg C, Denmark. lrmj@sund.ku.dk.
[Ti] Título:Cross-sectional survey on the use and impact of the Danish national antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;59(1):81, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Danish antibiotic use guidelines for companion animal practice were published by the Danish Veterinary Association in 2012. Since then, national surveillance data indicate a 10% reduction in the total use of antibiotics for companion animals, particularly a marked reduction in the use of third generation cephalosporins. The aim of the study was to assess if and how the guidelines have impacted diagnostic and antibiotic prescription habits of the users, and to identify user perceived barriers to implementation. RESULTS: An online questionnaire was sent to all 882 members of the Danish Small Animal Veterinary Association in October 2015. The survey was completed by 151 veterinarians. Respondents most frequently consulted the recommendations on skin and urinary tract infections (UTI), and users generally reported a high degree of adherence to the recommendations. Sixty-five per cent indicated that the guidelines had influenced their habits in one or more of the areas being investigated, i.e. perioperative use of antibiotics, use of first line antibiotics for the treatment of pyoderma or UTI, and/or use of microbiological diagnostics. Perioperative use of antibiotics for clean surgeries was uncommon, irrespective of whether respondents had consulted the relevant recommendations or not. On the contrary, significant differences in the prescribing habits between guideline users and non-users were observed for pyoderma and UTI, suggesting an impact of the guidelines towards more prudent antimicrobial use. The diagnostic habits were examined in a subgroup of 63 guideline users. Of those, 19 and 39% reported frequent use of culture and susceptibility (C&S) testing prior to treating pyoderma and UTI respectively, whereas 68-84% reported C&S testing in the event of poor response to treatment or recurrence of infections. The main barriers for implementation of therapeutic recommendations were confidence in old prescribing practices and unavailability of recommended drugs. The main barriers for C&S testing were good experience with empiric treatment, and the owners' financial situation. CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggest a positive influence of the national antibiotic guidelines on prescription patterns among companion animal practitioners in Denmark. Sustained campaign activity is encouraged and should include promotion of bacteriological testing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Médicos Veterinários/estatística & dados numéricos
Medicina Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Estudos Transversais
Dinamarca
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Animais de Estimação
Inquéritos e Questionários
Medicina Veterinária/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0350-8


  6 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29206013
[Au] Autor:Wirth SR
[Ti] Título:Saving Pets, Too!
[So] Source:JEMS;41(12):12, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:0197-2510
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Serviços Médicos de Emergência/legislação & jurisprudência
Animais de Estimação
Medicina Veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tratamento de Emergência
Responsabilidade Legal
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28462753
[Au] Autor:Tulloch JSP; McGinley L; Sánchez-Vizcaíno F; Medlock JM; Radford AD
[Ad] Endereço:NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Emerging and Zoonotic Infections, University of Liverpool,Liverpool,UK.
[Ti] Título:The passive surveillance of ticks using companion animal electronic health records.
[So] Source:Epidemiol Infect;145(10):2020-2029, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1469-4409
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ticks represent a large global reservoir of zoonotic disease. Current surveillance systems can be time and labour intensive. We propose that the passive surveillance of companion animal electronic health records (EHRs) could provide a novel methodology for describing temporal and spatial tick activity. A total of 16 58 857 EHRs were collected over a 2-year period (31 March 2014 and 29 May 2016) from companion animals attending a large sentinel network of 192 veterinary clinics across Great Britain (the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network - SAVSNET). In total, 2180 EHRs were identified where a tick was recorded on an animal. The relative risk of dogs presenting with a tick compared with cats was 0·73 (95% confidence intervals 0·67-0·80). The highest number of tick records were in the south central regions of England. The presence of ticks showed marked seasonality with summer peaks, and a secondary smaller peak in autumn for cats; ticks were still being found throughout most of Great Britain during the winter. This suggests that passive surveillance of companion animal EHRs can describe tick activity temporally and spatially in a large cohort of veterinary clinics across Great Britain. These results and methodology could help inform veterinary and public health messages as well as increase awareness of ticks and tick-borne diseases in the general population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde/utilização
Monitoramento Epidemiológico/veterinária
Vigilância de Evento Sentinela/veterinária
Carrapatos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia
Gatos
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Cães
Animais de Estimação
Espécies Sentinelas/parasitologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/parasitologia
Reino Unido/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0950268817000826


  8 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29045424
[Au] Autor:Eriksson M; Keeling LJ; Rehn T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Environment and Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
[Ti] Título:Cats and owners interact more with each other after a longer duration of separation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185599, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Little is known about the cat's (Felis silvestris catus) need for human contact, although it is generally believed that cats are more independent pets than e.g. dogs. In this study, we investigated the effect of time left alone at home on cat behaviour (e.g. social and distress-related) before, during and after separation from their owner. Fourteen privately owned cats (single-housed) were each subjected to two treatments: the cat was left alone in their home environment for 30 min (T0.5) and for 4 h (T4). There were no differences between treatments in the behaviour of the cat (or owner) before owner departure, nor during the first 5 min of separation. During separation, cats were lying down resting proportionally less (T = 22.5, P = 0.02) in T0.5 (0.27±0.1 (mean±SE)) compared to in T4 (0.58±0.08), probably due to a similar duration of higher activity early in the separation phase in both treatments. Comparisons of the time interval (min 20-25) in both treatments indicated no differences across treatments, which supports such an explanation. Towards the end of the separation phase (the last two 5-min intervals of separation in both treatments), no differences were observed in the cats' behaviour, indicating that cats were unaffected by separation length. At reunion however, cats purred more (T = 10.5, P = 0.03) and stretched their body more (T = 17, P = 0.04) after a longer duration of separation (T4:0.05±0.02; 0.03±0.01; T0.5: 0.01±0.007; 0.008±0.003). Also, owners initiated more verbal contact (T = 33.5, P = 0.04) after 4 h (0.18±0.05) compared to after 30 min (0.12±0.03). There was no evidence of any correlations between the level of purring or body stretching by the cat and verbal contact by the owner implying that the behavioural expressions seen in the cats are independent of the owner's behaviour. Hence, it seemed as cats coped well with being left alone, but they were affected by the time they were left alone, since they expressed differences in behaviour when the owner returned home. The increased level of social contact initiated by the cats after a longer duration of separation indicates a rebound of contact-seeking behaviour, implying that the owner is an important part of the cat's social environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vínculo Homem-Animal de Estimação
Propriedade
Animais de Estimação/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos
Intervalos de Confiança
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171019
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185599


  9 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29020064
[Au] Autor:Woodward SH; Jamison AL; Gala S; Holmes TH
[Ad] Endereço:National Center for PTSD, Dissemination and Training Division, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Palo Alto, CA, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Canine companionship is associated with modification of attentional bias in posttraumatic stress disorder.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0179912, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Attentional bias towards aversive stimuli has been demonstrated in the anxiety disorders and in posttraumatic stress disorder, and attentional bias modification has been proposed as a candidate treatment. This study rigorously assessed attentional bias towards aversive and pleasant visual imagery associated with the presence or absence of a familiar service canine in 23 veterans with chronic military-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Participants were repeatedly tested with and without their service canines present on two tasks designed to elicit spontaneous visual attention to facial and scenic image pairs, respectively. Each stimulus contrasted an emotive image with a neutral image. Via eye-tracking, the difference in visual attention directed to each image was analyzed as a function of the valence contrast and presence/absence of the canine. Across both tasks, the presence of a familiar service canine attenuated the normative attentional bias towards aversive image content. In the facial task, presence of the service canine specifically reduced attention toward angry faces. In that task, as well, accumulated days with the service canine similarly modulated attention toward facial emotion. The results suggest that the presence of a familiar service canine is associated with attenuation of attentional bias to aversive stimuli in chronic military-service-related posttraumatic stress disorder. Questions remain regarding the generalization of such effects to other populations, their dependence on the familiarity, breed, and training of the canine, and on social context.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atenção
Viés
Animais de Estimação
Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Cães
Emoções
Expressão Facial
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Análise e Desempenho de Tarefas
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179912


  10 / 1736 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28984509
[Au] Autor:Hodgson K; Darling M; Freeman D; Monavvari A
[Ad] Endereço:1 University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Asking About Pets Enhances Patient Communication and Care: A Pilot Study.
[So] Source:Inquiry;54:46958017734030, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1945-7243
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This research explored whether asking patients about their pets would enable better environmental/social history taking, and improve patient communication/care. Primary health care providers (PHPs) were surveyed about prevalence of patients living with pets, the health impact of pets, and influences on patient communication. Following an educational intervention, they committed to asking patients about their pets. A follow-up survey was conducted electronically. PHPs were recruited at a continuing medical education (CME) conference and at CME workshops. All 225 participants were PHPs. At the conference, participants were educated one-on-one about the clinical relevance of pets in the family. CME sessions were large or small group teaching. Baseline and final surveys measured awareness of pets in patients' families, assessment of determinants of health, impact on rapport with patients, and patient care. A sign test assessed difference in scores using repeated-measures analysis. Binomial outcomes were assessed using Fisher's exact test. Comments were themed. Ninety-four PHPs (42%) completed the study. Pet-related discussions opened communication with patients. Two-thirds of participants identified positive effects on practice and on relationships with patients. PHPs were able to leverage the health benefits of pets (zooeyia) and mitigate zoonotic risk. Asking patients about pets in the family reveals clinically relevant information, improves communication, and strengthens the therapeutic alliance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Educação Continuada/organização & administração
Pessoal de Saúde/educação
Animais de Estimação/psicologia
Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos
Relações Profissional-Paciente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comunicação
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Projetos Piloto
Participação Social
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1177/0046958017734030



página 1 de 174 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde