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Pesquisa : B01.050.050.116.625 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29246990
[Ti] Título:Mortality due to pulpy kidney in beef calves and goats.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(24):646-650, 2017 12 16.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Animais/epidemiologia
Surtos de Doenças/veterinária
Vigilância de Evento Sentinela/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças das Aves/epidemiologia
Aves
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Doenças dos Bovinos/mortalidade
Feminino
Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia
Doenças das Cabras/mortalidade
Cabras
Nefropatias/mortalidade
Nefropatias/veterinária
Aves Domésticas
Gravidez
Escócia/epidemiologia
Ovinos
Doenças dos Ovinos/epidemiologia
Suínos
Doenças dos Suínos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j5822


  2 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29246985
[Au] Autor:Limb M
[Ti] Título:Cage fighting: vets divided over poultry management.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;181(24):640-641, 2017 12 16.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dissidências e Disputas
Abrigo para Animais
Aves Domésticas
Médicos Veterinários/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão
Bem-Estar do Animal/normas
Animais
Seres Humanos
Influenza Aviária/prevenção & controle
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:NEWS
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29254921
[Au] Autor:Tan C; Bian C; Yang D; Li N; Wu ZF; Hu XX
[Ad] Endereço:1. State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China; 2. National Engineering Research Center for Breeding Swine Industry, College of Animal Science, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China; 3. Guangdong Wens Foodstuff Group
[Ti] Título:Application of genomic selection in farm animal breeding.
[So] Source:Yi Chuan;39(11):1033-1045, 2017 Nov 20.
[Is] ISSN:0253-9772
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Genomic selection (GS) has become a widely accepted method in animal breeding to genetically improve economic traits. With the declining costs of high-density SNP chips and next-generation sequencing, GS has been applied in dairy cattle, swine, poultry and other animals and gained varying degrees of success. Currently, major challenges in GS studies include further reducing the cost of genome-wide SNP genotyping and improving the predictive accuracy of genomic estimated breeding value (GEBV). In this review, we summarize various methods for genome-wide SNP genotyping and GEBV prediction, and give a brief introduction of GS in livestock and poultry breeding. This review will provide a reference for further implementation of GS in farm animal breeding.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Domésticos/genética
Cruzamento
Seleção Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Bovinos/genética
Técnicas de Genotipagem
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
Aves Domésticas/genética
Suínos/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.16288/j.yczz.17-286


  4 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29256290
[Au] Autor:Elal Mus T; Cetinkaya F; Cibik R; Soyutemiz GE; Simsek H; Coplu N
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Food Processing, Vocational School of Keles, University of Uludag , Bursa , Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Pathogenicity determinants and antibiotic resistance profiles of enterococci from foods of animal origin in Turkey.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Hung;65(4):461-474, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:0236-6290
[Cp] País de publicação:Hungary
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, the presence of genes responsible for the pathogenicity and antibiotic resistance profile of enterococci isolated from various foodstuffs of animal origin was investigated. The percentage prevalence of enterococci was 54.1% (203/375) and the average count was found to be 3.81 log cfu/ml-g. Species-specific primers revealed Enterococcus faecalis as the predominant species carrying one or more virulence-associated traits of efa, gelE, ace, esp and agg genetic markers. Only one E. faecium isolate (from milk) was positive for the esp gene. Regarding antibiotic resistance, the highest frequency of resistance was observed for tetracycline (21.7%), followed by quinupristin/dalfopristin (13.3%), ciprofloxacin (2.0%), penicillin (2.0%), linezolid (1.0%), ampicillin (1.0%), streptomycin (1.0%), and gentamicin (0.5%). Enterococcus faecalis showed a higher prevalence of antibiotic resistance than other enterococci. The percentage of multidrug resistance among the isolates was 3.4%. Twenty-nine E. faecalis isolates (26.6%) carrying one of the virulence-associated traits were at the same time resistant to at least one antibiotic. Our results show that foods of animal origin, including ready-to-eat products, may be reservoirs of antibiotic-resistant and potentially virulent enterococci.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Laticínios/microbiologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana
Enterococcus/efeitos dos fármacos
Carne/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Microbiologia de Alimentos
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Aves Domésticas
Turquia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1556/004.2017.044


  5 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27778165
[Au] Autor:Bai M; Liu H; Xu K; Oso AO; Wu X; Liu G; Tossou MC; Al-Dhabi NA; Duraipandiyan V; Xi Q; Yin Y
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hunan Provincial Engineering Research Center for Healthy Livestock and Poultry Production, Changsha, 410125, Hunan, China.
[Ti] Título:A review of the immunomodulatory role of dietary tryptophan in livestock and poultry.
[So] Source:Amino Acids;49(1):67-74, 2017 01.
[Is] ISSN:1438-2199
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tryptophan, a nutritionally essential amino acid, is active in the regulation of immune responses in animals. The products of tryptophan metabolism, such as indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase, kynurenine, quinolinic acid, and melatonin, may improve immunity in an organism and induce anti-inflammatory responses. The immune tolerance processes mediated by tryptophan metabolites are not well understood. Recent studies have reported that the enzymes that break down tryptophan through the kynurenine metabolic pathway are found in numerous cell types, including immunocytes. Moreover, some tryptophan metabolites have been shown to play a role in the inhibition of T lymphocyte proliferation, elevation of immunoglobulin levels in the blood, and promotion of antigen-presenting organization in tissues. This review summarizes the effects and mechanisms of tryptophan and metabolites in immune functions in livestock and poultry. It also highlights the areas in which our understanding of the role(s) of tryptophan is incomplete and suggests possible future research that might prove of benefit to livestock and poultry producers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Suplementos Nutricionais
Imunomodulação/efeitos dos fármacos
Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/imunologia
Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
Triptofano/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal
Animais
Seres Humanos
Imunidade Inata
Indolamina-Pirrol 2,3,-Dioxigenase/metabolismo
Cinurenina/imunologia
Cinurenina/metabolismo
Gado
Linfócitos/citologia
Linfócitos/imunologia
Melatonina/imunologia
Melatonina/metabolismo
Aves Domésticas/imunologia
Ácido Quinolínico/imunologia
Ácido Quinolínico/metabolismo
Serotonina/imunologia
Serotonina/metabolismo
Suínos/imunologia
Triptofano/administração & dosagem
Triptofano/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase); 333DO1RDJY (Serotonin); 343-65-7 (Kynurenine); 8DUH1N11BX (Tryptophan); F6F0HK1URN (Quinolinic Acid); JL5DK93RCL (Melatonin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00726-016-2351-8


  6 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749769
[Au] Autor:Fournié G; Høg E; Barnett T; Pfeiffer DU; Mangtani P
[Ad] Endereço:Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Practices Exposing Humans to Avian Influenza Viruses, Their Prevalence, and Rationale.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):376-388, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Almost all human infections by avian influenza viruses (AIVs) are transmitted from poultry. A systematic review was conducted to identify practices associated with human infections, their prevalence, and rationale. Observational studies were identified through database searches. Meta-analysis produced combined odds ratio estimates. The prevalence of practices and rationales for their adoptions were reported. Of the 48,217 records initially identified, 65 articles were included. Direct and indirect exposures to poultry were associated with infection for all investigated viral subtypes and settings. For the most frequently reported practices, association with infection seemed stronger in markets than households, for sick and dead than healthy poultry, and for H7N9 than H5N1. Practices were often described in general terms and their frequency and intensity of contact were not provided. The prevalence of practices was highly variable across studies, and no studies comprehensively explored reasons behind the adoption of practices. Combining epidemiological and targeted anthropological studies would increase the spectrum and detail of practices that could be investigated and should aim to provide insights into the rationale(s) for their existence. A better understanding of these rationales may help to design more realistic and acceptable preventive public health measures and messages.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Influenza Aviária/transmissão
Influenza Humana/virologia
Aves Domésticas/virologia
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0014


  7 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220592
[Au] Autor:Xu WY; Li YJ; Fan C
[Ad] Endereço:a College of Veterinary Medicine, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Different loci and mRNA copy number of the increased serum survival gene of Escherichia coli.
[So] Source:Can J Microbiol;64(2):147-154, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1480-3275
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The increased serum survival gene (iss) has been identified as a virulence trait associated with the virulence of Escherichia coli, causing colibacillosis in poultry. However, it remains unclear as to whether iss mRNA copy number and sequence affect virulence. To examine these influences, we assessed the presence of iss, sequence analysis, iss mRNA copy number, and serum resistance. The iss gene was detected in 88 (all) E. coli isolates from different sources, and sequencing identified 16 alleles (32 different loci) and 10 amino acid sequences (10 different loci). Nested polymerase chain reaction improved iss detection. The isolates from sick chickens had >68% livability in serum resistance tests and higher iss mRNA copy number. The iss mRNA copy number highly correlated with mortality and E. coli livability. Student's t tests confirmed the relationship between the different loci to iss transcription, serum resistance, and virulence. These data suggest that iss mRNA copy number and different loci affect the virulence and serum resistance. These findings could be useful in further studies on the prevalence of iss among E. coli isolates and other virulence factors.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Escherichia coli/veterinária
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética
Escherichia coli/genética
Escherichia coli/patogenicidade
Doenças das Aves Domésticas/microbiologia
RNA Mensageiro/genética
Virulência/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Animais
Galinhas
Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia
Infecções por Escherichia coli/mortalidade
Dosagem de Genes
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Aves Domésticas
Doenças das Aves Domésticas/mortalidade
Fatores de Virulência/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Escherichia coli Proteins); 0 (Iss protein, E coli); 0 (RNA, Messenger); 0 (Virulence Factors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1139/cjm-2017-0363


  8 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29377696
[Au] Autor:Efimochkina NR
[Ti] Título:[Evaluation of the role of Campylobacter spp. in the occurrence of foodborne diseases and modern methods to detect the pathogen].
[So] Source:Vopr Pitan;84(6):5-18, 2015.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8833
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Infections caused by Campylobacter spp. are now considered to be one of the most important foodborne diseases worldwide, this organism is one of the most epidemiologically significant zoonotic pathogens. Among these pathogens Campylobacter jejuni have the greatest epidemiological importance, they are responsible for 90% of laboratory confirmed cases of food campylobacteriosis. The frequency of detection of campylobacters in the environmental and on many raw foods, of both plant and animal origin, in normal intestine biota of domestic and wild animal and birds, indicates the prevalence of these bacteria and the high risk of contamination of food and water. The main factors of transmission in sporadic campylobacteriosis are the poultry and poultry products (up to 70% of the total number of cases), water (8%), raw milk (5%). One of the risk factors for the spread of emergent pathogen is its ability to persist in aquatic ecosystems. Continuing changes in landscape and agricultural intensification can cause further enhance microbial contamination of freshwater bodies and groundwater, and the associated increase in the number of cases of waterborne campylobacteriosis. Intensification of agriculture, expanding the range of applied disinfectants and antiseptics, uncontrolled use of antibiotics in livestock often leads to the selection of the sustainable strains of Campylobacter spp., which have antibiotic resistance and multiple virulence determinants. This paper presents an overview of modern methods for the detection of Campylobacter spp., detailed culture and biochemical methods for the isolation of C. jejuni based on the use of selective culture media and diagnostic kits for the characterization of the phenotypic profiles of the strains. These methods are the starting point in selecting the most effective schemes of food control and surveillance. It is emphasized that the basis of microbiological analysis should be molecular methods based on real-time PCR, which allows to quantify present in foods of thermotolerant Campylobacter, including C. jejuni.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Campylobacter
Campylobacter
Contaminação de Alimentos/prevenção & controle
Microbiologia de Alimentos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Infecções por Campylobacter/epidemiologia
Infecções por Campylobacter/prevenção & controle
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Carne/microbiologia
Aves Domésticas/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770804
[Au] Autor:Natarajan K; Gottipati KR; Berhane K; Samten B; Pendurthi U; Boggaram V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cellular and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Health Science Center at Tyler, 11937 US Highway 271, Tyler, TX, 75708-3154, USA.
[Ti] Título:Proteases and oxidant stress control organic dust induction of inflammatory gene expression in lung epithelial cells.
[So] Source:Respir Res;17(1):137, 2016 10 22.
[Is] ISSN:1465-993X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Persistant inflammatory responses to infectious agents and other components in organic dust underlie lung injury and development of respiratory diseases. Organic dust components responsible for eliciting inflammation and the mechanisms by which they cause lung inflammation are not fully understood. We studied the mechanisms by which protease activities in poultry dust extracts and intracellular oxidant stress induce inflammatory gene expression in A549 and Beas2B lung epithelial cells. METHODS: The effects of dust extracts on inflammatory gene expression were analyzed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), enzyme linked immunosorbent (ELISA) and western blot assays. Oxidant stress was probed by dihydroethidium (DHE) labeling, and immunostaining for 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE). Effects on interleukin-8 (IL-8) promoter regulation were determined by transient transfection assay. RESULTS: Dust extracts contained trypsin and elastase activities, and activated protease activated receptor (PAR)-1 and -2. Serine protease inhibitors and PAR-1 or PAR-2 knockdown suppressed inflammatory gene induction. Dust extract induction of IL-8 gene expression was associated with increased DHE-fluorescence and 4-HNE staining, and antioxidants suppressed inflammatory gene induction. Protease inhibitors and antioxidants suppressed protein kinase C and NF-κB activation and induction of IL-8 promoter activity in cells exposed to dust extract. CONCLUSIONS: Our studies demonstrate that proteases and intracellular oxidants control organic dust induction of inflammatory gene expression in lung epithelial cells. Targeting proteases and oxidant stress may serve as novel approaches for the treatment of organic dust induced lung diseases. This is the first report on the involvement of oxidant stress in the induction of inflammatory gene expression by organic dust.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poeira
Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos
Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo
Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos
Compostos Orgânicos/toxicidade
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
Pneumonia/induzido quimicamente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Células A549
Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Células Epiteliais/enzimologia
Regulação da Expressão Gênica
Abrigo para Animais
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos
Interleucina-8/genética
Interleucina-8/metabolismo
Pulmão/enzimologia
Metaloproteinases da Matriz/genética
Metaloproteinases da Matriz/metabolismo
Pneumonia/enzimologia
Pneumonia/genética
Pneumonia/prevenção & controle
Aves Domésticas
Receptor PAR-1/genética
Receptor PAR-1/metabolismo
Receptor PAR-2/genética
Receptor PAR-2/metabolismo
Inibidores de Serino Proteinase/farmacologia
Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
Fatores de Tempo
Transfecção
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Dust); 0 (IL8 protein, human); 0 (Inflammation Mediators); 0 (Interleukin-8); 0 (Organic Chemicals); 0 (Receptor, PAR-1); 0 (Receptor, PAR-2); 0 (Serine Proteinase Inhibitors); EC 3.4.- (Peptide Hydrolases); EC 3.4.24.- (Matrix Metalloproteinases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 9499 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28451944
[Au] Autor:Berhane Y; Hisanaga T; Xu W; Mosos Campos NA; Kehler H; Calderón Parra CP; Pasick J
[Ad] Endereço:National Centre for Foreign Animal Disease, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Winnipeg, MB, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of Colombian serotype 1 avian paramyxoviruses, 2008-2010.
[So] Source:Virus Genes;53(4):584-592, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1572-994X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Newcastle disease (ND) still remains one of the most important diseases affecting domestic poultry in Colombia. Here, for the first time, we report on the molecular characterization of 12 virulent and 12 avirulent or lentogenic avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1) strains that were isolated from commercial, backyard, and game poultry in Colombia from 2008 to 2010. The 12 virulent isolates had a fusion (F) protein cleavage site with basic amino acids at positions 113, 115, and 116 and a phenylalanine at position 117 ( RRQKR*F ), characteristic of virulent strains. The remaining 12 isolates had the F protein cleavage sites GKQGR*L or GRQGR*L typical of avirulent or lentogenic APMV-1 strains. Phylogenetic analysis of full-length F genes of all isolates was performed, and based on the recently proposed criteria for classification of APMV-1 strains, the 24 Colombian isolates were found to belong to class II viruses and clustered into four different genotypes. Ten virulent isolates clustered with genotype VII (sub-genotype VIId), seven lentogenic strains within genotype II, five lentogenic strains with genotype I (sub-genotype Ia), and two virulent isolates within genotype XII. Our data provide essential information on the genetic diversity of AMPV-1 isolates circulating in Colombia.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença de Newcastle/virologia
Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/isolamento & purificação
Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Colômbia
Genótipo
Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/classificação
Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/genética
Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/patogenicidade
Filogenia
Aves Domésticas
Sorogrupo
Proteínas Virais/genética
Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
Virulência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Viral Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11262-017-1461-z



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