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  1 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28028084
[Au] Autor:Taucare-Ríos A; Bizama G; Bustamante RO
[Ad] Endereço:Programa de Doctorado en Ecología y Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Chile, Las Palmeras 3425, Santiago, Chile (and.taucare26@gmail.com) and.taucare26@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Using Global and Regional Species Distribution Models (SDM) to Infer the Invasive Stage of Latrodectus geometricus (Araneae: Theridiidae) in the Americas.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;45(6):1379-1385, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The brown widow spider, Latrodectus geometricus C. L. Koch, 1841, is a large spider of the family Theridiidae that belongs to a genus of medical interest owing to its potent neurotoxic venom, which causes severe pain in humans. In America, this alien spider has been found in virtually all countries in the region, mainly associated with human dwellings, but also in agricultural sectors. However, the invasive process and potential distribution of this invasive species across the American continent are completely unknown. In this context, using a combination of both global and regional niche models, it is possible to hypothesize the invasive phase of the species as well as the geographic space where these different phases occur. By comparing the global and regional niches of L. geometricus, we examined its invasive process and potential distribution across the American continent. This work is an innovative approach to understanding the invasion of the brown widow spider in this area and the ecological processes that underlie this invasion. In this context, the global and regional niche comparison constitutes an appropriate tool to account for the complexities of the invasive process, generating different hypotheses amenable to being tested in future studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Espécies Introduzidas
Modelos Biológicos
Aranhas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Venenosos/fisiologia
América do Norte
América do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvw118


  2 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27365999
[Au] Autor:Kim SJ; Chung SP; Gil HW; Choi SC; Kim H; Kang C; Kim HJ; Park JS; Lee KW; Cho J; Yoon JC; Cho S; Choe MS; Hwang TS; Hong DY; Lim H; Kim YW; Kim SW; Kang H; Kim WJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Emergency Medicine, Korea University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea .
[Ti] Título:The Poisoning Information Database Covers a Large Proportion of Real Poisoning Cases in Korea.
[So] Source:J Korean Med Sci;31(7):1037-41, 2016 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1598-6357
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The poisoning information database (PIDB) provides clinical toxicological information on commonly encountered toxic substances in Korea. The aim of this study was to estimate the coverage rate of the PIDB by comparing the database with the distribution of toxic substances that real poisoning patients presented to 20 emergency departments. Development of the PIDB started in 2007, and the number of toxic substances increased annually from 50 to 470 substances in 2014. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with toxic exposure who visited 20 emergency departments in Korea from January to December 2013. Identified toxic substances were classified as prescription drug, agricultural chemical, household product, animal or plant, herbal drug, or other. We calculated the coverage rate of the PIDB for both the number of poisoning cases and the kinds of toxic substances. A total of 10,887 cases of intoxication among 8,145 patients was collected. The 470 substances registered in the PIDB covered 89.3% of 8,891 identified cases related to poisoning, while the same substances only covered 45.3% of the 671 kinds of identified toxic substances. According to category, 211 prescription drugs, 58 agricultural chemicals, 28 household products, and 32 animals or plants were not covered by the PIDB. This study suggested that the PIDB covered a large proportion of real poisoning cases in Korea. However, the database should be continuously extended to provide information for even rare toxic substances.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envenenamento/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Animais Venenosos
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Bases de Dados Factuais
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/envenenamento
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Praguicidas/envenenamento
Plantas Medicinais/envenenamento
Medicamentos sob Prescrição/envenenamento
República da Coreia
Estudos Retrospectivos
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drugs, Chinese Herbal); 0 (Pesticides); 0 (Prescription Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160702
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3346/jkms.2016.31.7.1037


  3 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26807748
[Au] Autor:Twomey E; Vestergaard JS; Venegas PJ; Summers K
[Ti] Título:Mimetic Divergence and the Speciation Continuum in the Mimic Poison Frog Ranitomeya imitator.
[So] Source:Am Nat;187(2):205-24, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1537-5323
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While divergent ecological adaptation can drive speciation, understanding the factors that facilitate or constrain this process remains a major goal in speciation research. Here, we study two mimetic transition zones in the poison frog Ranitomeya imitator, a species that has undergone a Müllerian mimetic radiation to establish four morphs in Peru. We find that mimetic morphs are strongly phenotypically differentiated, producing geographic clines with varying widths. However, distinct morphs show little neutral genetic divergence, and landscape genetic analyses implicate isolation by distance as the primary determinant of among-population genetic differentiation. Mate choice experiments suggest random mating at the transition zones, although certain allopatric populations show a preference for their own morph. We present evidence that this preference may be mediated by color pattern specifically. These results contrast with an earlier study of a third transition zone, in which a mimetic shift was associated with reproductive isolation. Overall, our results suggest that the three known mimetic transition zones in R. imitator reflect a speciation continuum, which we have characterized at the geographic, phenotypic, behavioral, and genetic levels. We discuss possible explanations for variable progress toward speciation, suggesting that multifarious selection on both mimetic color pattern and body size may be responsible for generating reproductive isolation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos/fisiologia
Anuros/fisiologia
Mimetismo Biológico
Fluxo Gênico
Isolamento Reprodutivo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Venenosos/genética
Anuros/genética
Feminino
Masculino
Preferência de Acasalamento Animal
Repetições de Microssatélites
Peru
Pigmentação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1086/684439


  4 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26802624
[Au] Autor:Karabuva S; Vrkic I; Brizic I; Ivic I; Luksic B
[Ad] Endereço:Clinical Department of Infectious Diseases, University Hospital Centre Split, Soltanska 1, Split, Croatia. Electronic address: svjetlana.karabuva@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Venomous snakebites in children in southern Croatia.
[So] Source:Toxicon;112:8-15, 2016 Mar 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3150
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This retrospective study represents observation of 160 children and adolescents aged up to 18 years that experienced venomous snakebites in southern Croatia and were treated in the Clinical Department of Infectious Diseases in the University Hospital Centre Split from 1979 to 2013. The main purpose of this research was to determine the epidemiological characteristics, clinical presentation, local and general complications, and received treatment. Most bites occurred during warm months, from early May to late August (80%), mostly in May and June. Upper limb bites were more frequent (59%) than lower limb bites (40%). Out of the total number of poisoned children, 24% developed local, and 25% general complications. The most common local complications were haemorrhagic blisters that occurred in 20% children, followed by compartment syndrome presented in 7.5% patients. The most dominated general complication was cranial nerve paresis or paralysis, which was identified in 11.2% patients, whereas shock symptoms were registrated in 7% children. According to severity of poisoning, 9.4% children had minor, 35% mild, 30.6% moderate, and 24.4% had severe clinical manifestation of envenomation. Only one (0.6%) child passed away because of snakebite directly on the neck. All patients received antivenom produced by the Institute of Immunology in Zagreb, tetanus prophylaxis as well, and almost all of them received antibiotics, and a great majority of them also received corticosteroids and antihistamines. Neighter anaphylactic reaction nor serum disease were noticed in our patients after administrating antivenom. A total of 26% children underwent surgical interventions, and incision of haemorrhagic blister was the most common applied surgical treatment, which was preformed in 15.6% patients, while fasciotomy was done in 7.5% subjects. All of our surgically treated patients recovered successfully.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Mordeduras de Serpentes/fisiopatologia
Serpentes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Animais
Antivenenos/efeitos adversos
Antivenenos/uso terapêutico
Vesícula/etiologia
Vesícula/prevenção & controle
Criança
Terapia Combinada/efeitos adversos
Síndromes Compartimentais/etiologia
Síndromes Compartimentais/prevenção & controle
Nervos Cranianos/fisiopatologia
Croácia/epidemiologia
Fasciotomia/efeitos adversos
Feminino
Transtornos Hemorrágicos/etiologia
Transtornos Hemorrágicos/prevenção & controle
Transtornos Hemorrágicos/cirurgia
Hospitais Universitários
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Masculino
Paresia/etiologia
Paresia/prevenção & controle
Estudos Retrospectivos
Índice de Gravidade de Doença
Mordeduras de Serpentes/epidemiologia
Mordeduras de Serpentes/mortalidade
Mordeduras de Serpentes/terapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antivenins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160124
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25701217
[Au] Autor:American College of Medical Toxicology
[Ti] Título:Institutions housing venomous animals.
[So] Source:J Med Toxicol;11(1):155-6, 2015 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1937-6995
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/normas
Animais Venenosos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Mordeduras e Picadas/prevenção & controle
Gestão da Segurança/métodos
Peçonhas/biossíntese
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/recursos humanos
Animais
Animais Venenosos/fisiologia
Antivenenos/uso terapêutico
Mordeduras e Picadas/tratamento farmacológico
Consultores
Bases de Dados Factuais
Bases de Dados de Produtos Farmacêuticos
Armazenamento de Medicamentos
Guias como Assunto
Seres Humanos
Papel do Médico
Gestão da Segurança/normas
Sociedades Médicas
Toxicologia/recursos humanos
Estados Unidos
Peçonhas/toxicidade
Local de Trabalho/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antivenins); 0 (Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1512
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s13181-013-0359-y


  6 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25387511
[Au] Autor:Haddad Junior V
[Ad] Endereço:Sao Paulo State University Julio de Mesquita Filho, Botucatu, SP, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:"Sign of the kiss" in dermatitis caused by vesicant beetles ("potós" or Paederus sp.).
[So] Source:An Bras Dermatol;89(6):996-7, 2014 Nov-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1806-4841
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The cosmopolitan beetles of the Paederus genus (potós) cause a severe dermatitis when the insect is crushed against the skin of exposed areas (the cervical region is the most affected). Toxins (pederin and others) from the hemolymph of the insect cause plaques and/or bizarre, linear lesions with erythema, edema, blisters, pustules, crusts and exulcerations. There may be a burning sensation and severe conjunctivitis. Lesions disappear after 10 days and may leave hyperchromic macules. Treatment is made with topical corticosteroids and intensive washing.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos
Venenos de Artrópodes/envenenamento
Coleópteros
Dermatite Irritante/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dermatite Irritante/patologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Arthropod Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1504
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141113
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25143943
[Au] Autor:Hardy MC; Cochrane J; Allavena RE
[Ad] Endereço:Institute for Molecular Bioscience, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Venomous and poisonous Australian animals of veterinary importance: a rich source of novel therapeutics.
[So] Source:Biomed Res Int;2014:671041, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:2314-6141
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Envenomation and poisoning by terrestrial animals (both vertebrate and invertebrate) are a significant economic problem and health risk for domestic animals in Australia. Australian snakes are some of the most venomous animals in the world and bees, wasps, ants, paralysis ticks, and cane toads are also present as part of the venomous and poisonous fauna. The diagnosis and treatment of envenomation or poisoning in animals is a challenge and can be a traumatic and expensive process for owners. Despite the potency of Australian venoms, there is potential for novel veterinary therapeutics to be modeled on venom toxins, as has been the case with human pharmaceuticals. A comprehensive overview of envenomation and poisoning signs in livestock and companion animals is provided and related to the potential for venom toxins to act as therapeutics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos/fisiologia
Peçonhas/uso terapêutico
Medicina Veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Geografia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1511
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140822
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2014/671041


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[PMID]:24614755
[Au] Autor:Lehmann KD; Goldman BW; Dworkin I; Bryson DM; Wagner AP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America; BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America; Program in Ecology, Evolutionary Biology, and Behavior, Michigan State
[Ti] Título:From cues to signals: evolution of interspecific communication via aposematism and mimicry in a predator-prey system.
[So] Source:PLoS One;9(3):e91783, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Current theory suggests that many signaling systems evolved from preexisting cues. In aposematic systems, prey warning signals benefit both predator and prey. When the signal is highly beneficial, a third species often evolves to mimic the toxic species, exploiting the signaling system for its own protection. We investigated the evolutionary dynamics of predator cue utilization and prey signaling in a digital predator-prey system in which prey could evolve to alter their appearance to mimic poison-free or poisonous prey. In predators, we observed rapid evolution of cue recognition (i.e. active behavioral responses) when presented with sufficiently poisonous prey. In addition, active signaling (i.e. mimicry) evolved in prey under all conditions that led to cue utilization. Thus we show that despite imperfect and dishonest signaling, given a high cost of consuming poisonous prey, complex systems of interspecific communication can evolve via predator cue recognition and prey signal manipulation. This provides evidence supporting hypotheses that cues may serve as stepping-stones in the evolution of more advanced communication and signaling systems that incorporate information about the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação Animal
Evolução Biológica
Sinais (Psicologia)
Pigmentação/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Venenosos
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140312
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0091783


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[PMID]:24130001
[Au] Autor:Mailho-Fontana PL; Antoniazzi MM; Toledo LF; Verdade VK; Sciani JM; Barbaro KC; Pimenta DC; Rodrigues MT; Jared C
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto Butantan, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Passive and active defense in toads: the parotoid macroglands in Rhinella marina and Rhaebo guttatus.
[So] Source:J Exp Zool A Ecol Genet Physiol;321(2):65-77, 2014 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1932-5231
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amphibians have many skin poison glands used in passive defense, in which the aggressor causes its own poisoning when biting prey. In some amphibians the skin glands accumulate in certain regions forming macroglands, such as the parotoids of toads. We have discovered that the toad Rhaebo guttatus is able to squirt jets of poison towards the aggressor, contradicting the typical amphibian defense. We studied the R. guttatus chemical defense, comparing it with Rhinella marina, a sympatric species showing typical toad passive defense. We found that only in R. guttatus the parotoid is adhered to the scapula and do not have a calcified dermal layer. In addition, in this species, the plugs obstructing the glandular ducts are more fragile when compared to R. marina. As a consequence, the manual pressure necessary to extract the poison from the parotoid is twice as high in R. marina when compared to that used in R. guttatus. Compared to R. marina, the poison of R. guttatus is less lethal, induces edema and provokes nociception four times more intense. We concluded that the ability of R. guttatus to voluntary squirt poison is directly related to its stereotyped defensive behavior, together with the peculiar morphological characteristics of its parotoids. Since R. guttatus poison is practically not lethal, it is possibly directed to predators' learning, causing disturbing effects such as pain and edema. The unique mechanism of defense of R. guttatus may mistakenly justify the popular myth that toads, in general, squirt poison into people's eyes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos/fisiologia
Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Bufonidae/fisiologia
Glândula Parótida/anatomia & histologia
Glândula Parótida/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Inflamação/induzido quimicamente
Masculino
Dor/induzido quimicamente
Venenos/efeitos adversos
Pele/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poisons)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1409
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131017
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jez.1838


  10 / 107 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24466710
[Au] Autor:Siek B; Rys A; Sein Anand J
[Ad] Endereço:Zaklad Historii i Filozofii Nauk Medycznych, Gdanskiego Uniwersytetu Medycznego. blfsiek@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:[The most popular poisons from Graeco-Roman world].
[Ti] Título:Najbardziej popularne trucizny swiata grecko-rzymskiego..
[So] Source:Przegl Lek;70(8):643-6, 2013.
[Is] ISSN:0033-2240
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:pol
[Ab] Resumo:Article presents the most popular antique poisons. Information from encyclopaedic literature and literary texts of the Roman Empire period has been compared with the etymology of the names of some poisons of plant and animal origin.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Venenosos/classificação
Plantas Tóxicas/classificação
Venenos/classificação
Venenos/história
Mundo Romano/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
História Antiga
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:ENGLISH ABSTRACT; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Poisons)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1402
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140129
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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