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[PMID]:28868595
[Au] Autor:Barnett S; Saggiomo S; Smout M; Seymour J
[Ad] Endereço:Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Heat deactivation of the stonefish Synanceia horrida venom - implications for first-aid management.
[So] Source:Diving Hyperb Med;47(3):155-158, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1833-3516
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of temperature and hot water immersion time on neutralising venom lethality of the Australian estuarine stonefish (Synanceia horrida). DESIGN: Depths of the spines were measured while venom was extracted from S. horrida individuals. The venom was then exposed to temperatures of 4°C, 37.0°C, 40.1°C, 42.3°C, 45.0°C, 47.7°C, 55.2°C, and 60.0°C for either five or 20 minutes incubation periods. Venom samples were added to cultured human cardiomyocytes and cell viability curves were produced using the ACEA's xCELLigence real-time cell monitoring system. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Determination of venom lethality on cardiomyocytes at a range of temperatures. RESULTS: The average depth of the spine required to go into a victims' flesh before the venom gland compressed and expelled venom was 18 mm. Cardiomyocytes exposed to heat-treated venom for five minutes required higher temperatures to neutralise 99% of the venom, namely 44.6°C in comparison to 42.1°C with an incubation time of 20 minutes. CONCLUSION: This study supports the use of hot water immersion therapy in the treatment of S. horrida stings. It is suggested that due to the depth of the puncture wound longer incubation times should be sought to allow heat to penetrate the deeper portions of the dermis and effectively begin venom deactivation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras e Picadas/terapia
Primeiros Socorros/métodos
Venenos de Peixe/envenenamento
Peixes Venenosos
Temperatura Alta/uso terapêutico
Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Animais
Austrália
Venenos de Peixe/administração & dosagem
Peixes Venenosos/anatomia & histologia
Seres Humanos
Imersão
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170905
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28212333
[Au] Autor:Han H; Baumann K; Casewell NR; Ali SA; Dobson J; Koludarov I; Debono J; Cutmore SC; Rajapakse NW; Jackson TN; Jones R; Hodgson WC; Fry BG; Kuruppu S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacology, Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Clayton, VIC 3800, Australia. hhan24@student.monash.edu.
[Ti] Título:The Cardiovascular and Neurotoxic Effects of the  Venoms of Six Bony and Cartilaginous Fish Species.
[So] Source:Toxins (Basel);9(2), 2017 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:2072-6651
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fish venoms are often poorly studied, in part due to the difficulty in obtaining, extracting, and storing them. In this study, we characterize the cardiovascular and neurotoxic effects of the venoms from the following six species of fish: the cartilaginous stingrays Neotrygon kuhlii and Himantura toshi, and the bony fish Platycephalus fucus, Girella tricuspidata, Mugil cephalus, and Dentex tumifrons. All venoms (10-100 µg/kg, i.v.), except G. tricuspidata and P. fuscus, induced a biphasic response on mean arterial pressure (MAP) in the anesthetised rat. P. fucus venom exhibited a hypotensive response, while venom from G. tricuspidata displayed a single depressor response. All venoms induced cardiovascular collapse at 200 µg/kg, i.v. The in vitro neurotoxic effects of venom were examined using the chick biventer cervicis nerve-muscle (CBCNM) preparation. N. kuhlii, H. toshi, and P. fucus venoms caused concentration-dependent inhibition of indirect twitches in the CBCNM preparation. These three venoms also inhibited responses to exogenous acetylcholine (ACh) and carbachol (CCh), but not potassium chloride (KCl), indicating a post-synaptic mode of action. Venom from G. tricuspidata, M. cephalus, and D. tumifrons had no significant effect on indirect twitches or agonist responses in the CBCNM. Our results demonstrate that envenoming by these species of fish may result in moderate cardiovascular and/or neurotoxic effects. Future studies aimed at identifying the molecules responsible for these effects could uncover potentially novel lead compounds for future pharmaceuticals, in addition to generating new knowledge about the evolutionary relationships between venomous animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/induzido quimicamente
Sistema Cardiovascular/efeitos dos fármacos
Venenos de Peixe/toxicidade
Peixes Venenosos/metabolismo
Junção Neuromuscular/efeitos dos fármacos
Síndromes Neurotóxicas/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pressão Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia
Sistema Cardiovascular/fisiopatologia
Galinhas
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Venenos de Peixe/metabolismo
Peixes Venenosos/classificação
Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos
Junção Neuromuscular/fisiopatologia
Síndromes Neurotóxicas/fisiopatologia
Ratos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170218
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27867093
[Au] Autor:Saggiomo SL; Zelenka C; Seymour J
[Ad] Endereço:Australian Institute of Tropical Health and Medicine, James Cook University, McGregor Road, Cairns Campus, Australia. Electronic address: silvia.saggiomo@my.jcu.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Relationship between food and venom production in the estuarine stonefish Synanceia horrida.
[So] Source:Toxicon;125:19-23, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3150
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The potential costs of venom production may be significant to many marine venomous taxa. In general, the parameters that influence the rate of venom production are poorly understood, but seem to be related to feeding frequency. METHODS: This study examines the effects of starvation on venom profile and venom yield on the estuarine stonefish (Synanceia horrida). In total, the venom of eight stonefishes was tested under two feeding regimes. Over a four week period, one of the two groups underwent an episode of suspended feeding, while the other was fed on a daily basis. The effect of time on venom replacement was determined by a paired T-test. ANOVA was performed to analyze differences in venom weight between fed and unfed treatments. RESULTS: Nutritional suspension was found to have a significant effect on the quantity of venom produced. SDS-PAGE gel and FPLC revealed that the components of the venom collected from both groups were similar, indicating that four weeks is an adequate time to regenerate key venom components but not replenish initial venom quantities. CONCLUSIONS: Venom production was found to be affected by starvation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Alimentar
Venenos de Peixe/metabolismo
Peixes Venenosos/fisiologia
Perciformes/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dieta
Peixes Venenosos/metabolismo
Perciformes/metabolismo
Inanição/metabolismo
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161122
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27279312
[Au] Autor:Thomas L; Tharakaram S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine, Maidstone and Tunbridge Wells NHS Trust and Medway Hospitals NHS Trust, Kent, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Lionfish envenomation: Relapses controlled by intralesional triamcinolone.
[So] Source:Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol;82(4):438-9, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0973-3922
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem
Mordeduras e Picadas/induzido quimicamente
Mordeduras e Picadas/tratamento farmacológico
Venenos de Peixe/toxicidade
Triancinolona/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Mordeduras e Picadas/diagnóstico
Feminino
Peixes Venenosos
Seres Humanos
Injeções Intralesionais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; LETTER
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Fish Venoms); 1ZK20VI6TY (Triamcinolone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160610
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/0378-6323.181472


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[PMID]:26857046
[Au] Autor:Le Guern A; Eftekhari-Hassanlouie S; Oehler E
[Ad] Endereço:Service de médecine interne, centre hospitalier de Polynésie française, Pirae, Polynésie française. Electronic address: aurore.leguern@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:[Cutaneous manifestation of stonefish sting in French Polynesia].
[Ti] Título:Lésions cutanées liées aux piqûres de poissons-pierre en Polynésie française..
[So] Source:Ann Dermatol Venereol;143(2):169-70, 2016 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0151-9638
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:fre
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras e Picadas/complicações
Peixes Venenosos
Púrpura/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Animais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Polinésia
Púrpura/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27159509
[Au] Autor:Diaz JH
[Ad] Endereço:Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center in New Orleans.
[Ti] Título:Invasive Lionfish (Pterosis volitans) Pose Public Health Threats.
[So] Source:J La State Med Soc;167(4):166-71, 2015 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0024-6921
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The lionfish, Pterosis volitans, a native of Indo-Pacific oceans, is a popular saltwater aquarium fish despite venomous spines on its fins. Lionfish were inadvertently introduced into the western Atlantic from Florida in the early 1990s and have overpopulated and dispersed widely into the Caribbean Sea and Gulf of Mexico. Initiatives to control lionfish populations were launched, including the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)-sponsored "Lionfish as Food Campaign".2 Recently, scientists from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) reported that lionfish caught off the US Virgin Islands contained ciguatoxins and could cause ciguatera fish poisoning (CFP); a seafood-borne poisoning without an antidote or any specific treatment, and a potential for prolonged neurotoxicity. Lionfish pose several public health threats. New strategies to control the lionfish population explosion in coastal waters and offshore fisheries are needed now to ensure seafood safety and public health. The lionfish, Pterosis volitans, is native to the reefs of the western Indian and Pacific Oceans (Figure 1). Brightly colored with red, white, and black stripes and adorned with feathery fins, the lionfish is a popular saltwater aquarium fish despite venomous spines on its fins (Figure 2). Lionfish were introduced into the western North Atlantic from Florida in the early 1990s after some specimens were discarded by dissatisfied amateur aquarists and others escaped from hurricane-flooded public aquariums.1 Since lionfish are voracious carnivores, have few natural predators, and reproduce prolifically, they have overpopulated and dispersed widely from Cape Hatteras to Florida, throughout the Caribbean Sea, and into the Gulf of Mexico.1 The population density of lionfish in its new, invaded territory now exceeds that of its native habitat.1 As a result, campaigns to control lionfish populations were launched in Florida and the Caribbean. Lionfish now pose several public health threats that include (1) serving as the second most common cause of venomous fish puncture injuries next to stingrays; (2) interrupting the marine seafood chain on reef systems that support commercial fisheries; and (3) bioconcentrating heat-stable algal toxins capable of causing CFP.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Intoxicação por Ciguatera/induzido quimicamente
Venenos de Peixe/toxicidade
Peixes Venenosos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Região do Caribe
Política Ambiental
Golfo do México
Seres Humanos
Controle da População
Saúde Pública/legislação & jurisprudência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160510
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 632 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25884785
[Au] Autor:Diaz JH
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences and Department of Anesthesiology, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center (LSUHSC), School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Marine Scorpaenidae Envenomation in Travelers: Epidemiology, Management, and Prevention.
[So] Source:J Travel Med;22(4):251-8, 2015 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1708-8305
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The Scorpaenidae are a large family of venomous marine fish that include scorpionfish, lionfish, and stonefish. Although most stonefish are confined to the Indo-Pacific, scorpionfish are distributed in the tropics worldwide, and two species of Indo-Pacific lionfish were inadvertently introduced into the Eastern Atlantic in the 1990s. Since then, lionfish have invaded shallow reef systems in the Eastern Atlantic, Gulf of Mexico, and Caribbean Sea. All of these regions are popular travel destinations for beachcombing, fishing, swimming, and scuba diving-recreational activities that increase risks of Scorpaenidae envenomation. METHODS: To meet the objectives of describing species-specific presenting clinical manifestations, diagnostic and treatment strategies, and outcomes of Scorpaenidae envenomation in travelers, Internet search engines were queried with the key words. RESULTS: Well-conducted, retrospective epidemiological investigations of Scorpaenidae envenomation case series concluded: (1) most cases occurred in young adult male vacationers visiting endemic regions; (2) victims sought medical attention for pain control within 2 hours of injury and presented with intense pain, edema, and erythema in affected extremities; (3) systemic manifestations and surgical interventions were relatively uncommon following initial management with hot water soaks and parenteral analgesics; (4) all cases required tetanus prophylaxis; deeply penetrating, lacerated, and necrotic wounds required antibiotic prophylaxis; and (5) equine Fab stonefish antivenom does have antigen-neutralizing cross-reactivities with both Indo-Pacific and Atlantic Scorpaenidae species and is indicated in severe scorpionfish and stonefish envenomation worldwide. CONCLUSIONS: Travel medicine practitioners should counsel their patients about Scorpaenidae envenomation risks in endemic regions and maintain a high index of suspicion regarding Scorpaenidae envenomation in all travelers returning from tropical beach and ocean holidays and reporting painful fish sting injuries.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mordeduras e Picadas
Peixes Venenosos/classificação
Viagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Mordeduras e Picadas/diagnóstico
Mordeduras e Picadas/epidemiologia
Mordeduras e Picadas/etiologia
Mordeduras e Picadas/fisiopatologia
Mordeduras e Picadas/terapia
Gerenciamento Clínico
Venenos de Peixe
Seres Humanos
Medicina Preventiva/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Medicina de Viagem/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Venoms)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1604
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150418
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jtm.12206


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[PMID]:25702959
[Au] Autor:Tenório Hde A; Marques ME; Machado SS; Pereira HJ
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Química e Biotecnologia- Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Maceió, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Angiotensin processing activities in the venom of Thalassophryne nattereri.
[So] Source:Toxicon;98:49-53, 2015 May.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3150
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The venom of marine animals is a rich source of compounds with remarkable functional specificity and diversity. Thalassophryne nattereri is a small venomous fish inhabiting the northern and northeastern coast of Brazil, and represents a relatively frequent cause of injuries. Its venom causes severe inflammatory response followed frequently by the necrosis of the affected area. This venom presents characterized components such as proteases (Natterins 1-4) and a lectin (Nattectin) with complex effects on the human organism. A specific inhibitor of tissue kallikrein (TKI) reduces the nociception and the edema caused by the venom in mice. Our study sought to investigate the proteolytic activities against vasopeptides Angiotensin I, Angiotensin II, Angiotensin 1-9 and Bradykinin. The venom indicated angiotensin conversion against angiotensin I, as well as kininase against bradykinin. Captopril conducted the total inhibition of the converting activity, featuring the first report of ACE activity in fish venoms.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Angiotensinas/antagonistas & inibidores
Batracoidiformes
Venenos de Peixe/química
Peixes Venenosos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Angiotensina I/antagonistas & inibidores
Angiotensina I/metabolismo
Angiotensina II/metabolismo
Angiotensinas/metabolismo
Animais
Bradicinina/antagonistas & inibidores
Bradicinina/metabolismo
Brasil
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Camundongos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Angiotensins); 0 (Fish Venoms); 11128-99-7 (Angiotensin II); 9041-90-1 (Angiotensin I); S8TIM42R2W (Bradykinin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1602
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150403
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150403
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 632 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:25672425
[Au] Autor:You J; Yue Y; Xing F; Xia W; Lai S; Zhang F
[Ad] Endereço:Luohu Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Department of Public Health, Shenzhen, China.
[Ti] Título:Tetrodotoxin poisoning caused by Goby fish consumption in southeast China: a retrospective case series analysis.
[So] Source:Clinics (Sao Paulo);70(1):24-9, 2015 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1980-5322
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To investigate an unusual outbreak of tetrodotoxin poisoning in Leizhou, southeast China, a case series analysis was conducted to identify the source of illness. METHODS: A total of 22 individuals experienced symptoms of poisoning, including tongue numbness, dizziness, nausea and limb numbness and weakness. Two toxic species, Amoya caninus and Yongeichthys nebulosus, were morphologically identified from the batches of gobies consumed by the patients. Tetrodotoxin levels in the blood and Goby fish samples were detected using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The tetrodotoxin levels in the remaining cooked Goby fish were determined to be 2090.12 µg/kg. For Amoya caninus, the toxicity levels were 1858.29 µg/kg in the muscle and 1997.19 µg/kg in the viscera and for Yongeichthys nebulosus, they were 2783.00 µg/kg in the muscle and 2966.21 µg/kg in the viscera. CONCLUSION: This outbreak demonstrates an underestimation of the risk of Goby fish poisoning. Furthermore, the relationships among the toxic species, climates and marine algae present should be clarified in the future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes Venenosos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/etiologia
Perciformes
Tetrodotoxina/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Animais
China/epidemiologia
Cromatografia Líquida
Surtos de Doenças
Feminino
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
Tetrodotoxina/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4368-28-9 (Tetrodotoxin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1507
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151028
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151028
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 632 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25551594
[Au] Autor:Cole JB; Heegaard WG; Deeds JR; McGrath SC; Handy SM; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
[Ti] Título:Tetrodotoxin poisoning outbreak from imported dried puffer fish--Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2014.
[So] Source:MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep;63(51):1222-5, 2015 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1545-861X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On June 13, 2014, two patients went to the Hennepin County Medical Center Emergency Department in Minneapolis, Minnesota, with symptoms suggestive of tetrodotoxin poisoning (i.e., oral paresthesias, weakness, and dyspnea) after consuming dried puffer fish (also known as globefish) purchased during a recent visit to New York City. The patients said two friends who consumed the same fish had similar, although less pronounced, symptoms and had not sought care. The Minnesota Department of Health conducted an investigation to determine the source of the product and samples were sent to the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition for chemical and genetic analysis. Genetic analysis identified the product as puffer fish (Lagocephalus lunaris) and chemical analysis determined it was contaminated with high levels of tetrodotoxin. A traceback investigation was unable to determine the original source of the product. Tetrodotoxin is a deadly, potent poison; the minimum lethal dose in an adult human is estimated to be 2-3 mg. Tetrodotoxin is a heat-stable and acid-stable, nonprotein, alkaloid toxin found in many species of the fish family Tetraodontidae (puffer fish) as well as in certain gobies, amphibians, invertebrates, and the blue-ringed octopus. Tetrodotoxin exerts its effects by blocking voltage-activated sodium channels, terminating nerve conduction and muscle action potentials, leading to progressive paralysis and, in extreme cases, to death from respiratory failure. Because these fish were reportedly purchased in the United States, they pose a substantial U.S. public health hazard given the potency of the toxin and the high levels of toxin found in the fish.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças
Peixes Venenosos
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/diagnóstico
Doenças Transmitidas por Alimentos/epidemiologia
Tetraodontiformes
Tetrodotoxina/envenenamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência
Feminino
Contaminação de Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Minnesota/epidemiologia
Cidade de Nova Iorque
Tetraodontiformes/genética
Tetrodotoxina/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4368-28-9 (Tetrodotoxin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1502
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150101
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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