Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.050.565 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29360863
[Au] Autor:Laufenberg JS; Clark JD; Chandler RB
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forestry, Wildlife and Fisheries, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Estimating population extinction thresholds with categorical classification trees for Louisiana black bears.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191435, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Monitoring vulnerable species is critical for their conservation. Thresholds or tipping points are commonly used to indicate when populations become vulnerable to extinction and to trigger changes in conservation actions. However, quantitative methods to determine such thresholds have not been well explored. The Louisiana black bear (Ursus americanus luteolus) was removed from the list of threatened and endangered species under the U.S. Endangered Species Act in 2016 and our objectives were to determine the most appropriate parameters and thresholds for monitoring and management action. Capture mark recapture (CMR) data from 2006 to 2012 were used to estimate population parameters and variances. We used stochastic population simulations and conditional classification trees to identify demographic rates for monitoring that would be most indicative of heighted extinction risk. We then identified thresholds that would be reliable predictors of population viability. Conditional classification trees indicated that annual apparent survival rates for adult females averaged over 5 years ([Formula: see text]) was the best predictor of population persistence. Specifically, population persistence was estimated to be ≥95% over 100 years when [Formula: see text], suggesting that this statistic can be used as threshold to trigger management intervention. Our evaluation produced monitoring protocols that reliably predicted population persistence and was cost-effective. We conclude that population projections and conditional classification trees can be valuable tools for identifying extinction thresholds used in monitoring programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Extinção Biológica
Ursidae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Simulação por Computador
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Monitorização de Parâmetros Ecológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Feminino
Louisiana
Masculino
Modelos Biológicos
Modelos Estatísticos
Dinâmica Populacional/estatística & dados numéricos
Processos Estocásticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191435


  2 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29385273
[Au] Autor:Klusener R; Hurtado R; Stander N; Parsons NJ
[Ad] Endereço:Southern African Foundation for the Conservation of Coastal Birds (SANCCOB), Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:First report of a hatched, hand-reared, and released African oystercatcher.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):54-58, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The African oystercatcher Haematopus moquini is a near-threatened wader that is endemic to southern Africa. In the past, the species suffered a drastic decrease in nesting success due to human disturbance. We present the case report of an African oystercatcher that was hatched, hand-reared, and released in the Western Cape, South Africa. African oystercatchers are semi-altricial birds that tend to be highly sensitive to stress; as a result, strategies to minimize stress and the employment of surrogate parents and pre-release acclimatization are important to ensure post-release survival of hand-reared chicks. Considering the lack of literature on the incubation and hand-rearing of oystercatchers, this case report provides a basis for the development of hand-rearing techniques that might be useful for the protection of this and other threatened wader species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Charadriiformes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21395


  3 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29377272
[Au] Autor:Allan N; Pesapane R; Foley J; Clifford D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine and Epidemiology, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, California.
[Ti] Título:Successful care and propagation of the endangered amargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis) in captivity.
[So] Source:Zoo Biol;37(1):59-63, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2361
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Amargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis) is a highlyendangered rodent endemic to a small stretch of the California portion of the Amargosa River basin in Inyo County's Mojave Desert. Although the Amargosa vole has survived in this naturally fragmented ecosystem for thousands of years, recent habitat degradation due to land development, water drainage, and marsh exploitation has further isolated the species and reduced its available habitat. As part of a conservation effort to preserve the species, a captive breeding population was established in 2014 to serve as an insurance colony and as a source of individuals to release into the wild as restored habitat becomes available. As this is the only captive colony for this species, there is little published information about appropriate care and husbandry for the Amargosa vole. Here we provide information about behavior, diet, reproduction, drug sensitivities, and diseases that affect successful captive care. We also provide recommendations for housing and disease management to preserve natural behaviors and defenses in captive-born animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos
Arvicolinae/fisiologia
Cruzamento
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180130
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/zoo.21399


  4 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29271546
[Au] Autor:Fløjgaard C; Bruun HH; Hansen MDD; Heilmann-Clausen J; Svenning JC; Ejrnaes R
[Ad] Endereço:Section for Biodiversity and Conservation, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Rønde, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Are ungulates in forests concerns or key species for conservation and biodiversity? Reply to Boulanger et al. (DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13899).
[So] Source:Glob Chang Biol;24(3):869-871, 2018 03.
[Is] ISSN:1365-2486
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Increasing species richness of light demanding species in forests may not be a conservation concern if we accept a macroecological and evolutionary baseline for biodiversity. Most of the current biodiversity in Europe has evolved in the Pleistocene or earlier, and in ecosystems markedly influenced by dynamic natural processes, including grazing. Many threatened species are associated with high-light forest environments such as forest glades and edges, as these have strongly declined at least partially due to the decline of large herbivores in European forests. Hence, moderate grazing in forests should be an ecological baseline and conservation target rather than a concern.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Florestas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecossistema
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Europa (Continente)
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/gcb.14029


  5 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29284017
[Au] Autor:Pilcher NJ; Adulyanukosol K; Das H; Davis P; Hines E; Kwan D; Marsh H; Ponnampalam L; Reynolds J
[Ad] Endereço:Marine Research Foundation, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:A low-cost solution for documenting distribution and abundance of endangered marine fauna and impacts from fisheries.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0190021, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fisheries bycatch is a widespread and serious issue that leads to declines of many important and threatened marine species. However, documenting the distribution, abundance, population trends and threats to sparse populations of marine species is often beyond the capacity of developing countries because such work is complex, time consuming and often extremely expensive. We have developed a flexible tool to document spatial distribution and population trends for dugongs and other marine species in the form of an interview questionnaire supported by a structured data upload sheet and a comprehensive project manual. Recognising the effort invested in getting interviewers to remote locations, the questionnaire is comprehensive, but low cost. The questionnaire has already been deployed in 18 countries across the Indo-Pacific region. Project teams spent an average of USD 5,000 per country and obtained large data sets on dugong distribution, trends, catch and bycatch, and threat overlaps. Findings indicated that >50% of respondents had never seen dugongs and that 20% had seen a single dugong in their lifetimes despite living and fishing in areas of known or suspected dugong habitat, suggesting that dugongs occurred in low numbers. Only 3% of respondents had seen mother and calf pairs, indicative of low reproductive output. Dugong hunting was still common in several countries. Gillnets and hook and line were the most common fishing gears, with the greatest mortality caused by gillnets. The questionnaire has also been used to study manatees in the Caribbean, coastal cetaceans along the eastern Gulf of Thailand and western Peninsular Malaysia, and river dolphins in Peru. This questionnaire is a powerful tool for studying distribution and relative abundance for marine species and fishery pressures, and determining potential conservation hotspot areas. We provide the questionnaire and supporting documents for open-access use by the scientific and conservation communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Documentação
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Pesqueiros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Especificidade da Espécie
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190021


  6 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28454916
[Au] Autor:Platto S; Zhang C; Pine MK; Feng WK; Yang LG; Irwin A; Wang D
[Ad] Endereço:The Key Laboratory of Aquatic Biodiversity and Conservation of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Hydrobiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430072, People's Republic of China; Department of Preventative Veterinary Medicine, The State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhon
[Ti] Título:Behavioral laterality in Yangtze finless porpoises (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis).
[So] Source:Behav Processes;140:104-114, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8308
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Yangtze finless porpoise (Neophocaena asiaeorientalis asiaeorientalis) is a critically endangered species with less than 1000 individuals expected to be left in the wild. While many studies have been conducted on laterality among several cetacean species, no studies investigating the Yangtze finless porpoise have been conducted. Using event sampling methods, several behaviors such as flipper-body touching, object touching, barrel-rolls, side swimming, and swimming direction were recorded from six captive porpoises (three males and three females). Analyses of 360 observations recorded over two months revealed that, at group level, porpoises showed laterality in swimming behaviors. Porpoises swam preferentially with their right pectoral fin upward and their left pectoral fin downward with a clockwise swimming direction and also displayed a consistent bias for a counterclockwise barrel-roll direction. No significant differences were reported for flipper use either during the interaction with conspecifics or with objects. The results from the current study provide novel insight into the cerebral asymmetry in a species previously ignored within the literature, thus improving our understanding on the extent of laterality in cetaceans and on the evolutionary history of hemispheric laterality for vertebrates in general.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Toninhas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Feminino
Masculino
Natação/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29298338
[Au] Autor:Muller Z
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Population structure of giraffes is affected by management in the Great Rift Valley, Kenya.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189678, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Giraffe populations in East Africa have declined in the past thirty years yet there has been limited research on this species. This study had four objectives: i) to provide a baseline population assessment for the two largest populations of Rothschild's giraffes in Kenya, ii) to assess whether there are differences in population structure between the two enclosed populations, iii) to assess the potential and possible implications of different management practices on enclosed giraffe populations to inform future decision-making, and iv) to add to the availability of information available about giraffes in the wild. I used individual identification to assess the size and structure of the two populations; in Soysambu Conservancy between May 2010 and January 2011, I identified 77 giraffes; in Lake Nakuru National Park between May 2011 and January 2012, I identified 89. Population structure differed significantly between the two sites; Soysambu Conservancy contained a high percentage of juveniles (34%) and subadults (29%) compared to Lake Nakuru NP, which contained fewer juveniles (5%) and subadults (15%). During the time of this study Soysambu Conservancy contained no lions while Lake Nakuru NP contained a high density of lions (30 lions per 100km2). Lions are the main predator of giraffes, and preferential predation on juvenile giraffes has previously been identified in Lake Nakuru NP. My results suggest that high lion density in Lake Nakuru NP may have influenced the structure of the giraffe population by removing juveniles and, consequently, may affect future population growth. I suggest that wildlife managers consider lion densities alongside breeding plans for Endangered species, since the presence of lions appears to influence the population structure of giraffes in enclosed habitats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Girafas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Ecossistema
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Quênia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189678


  8 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29360831
[Au] Autor:Knytl M; Kalous L; Rylková K; Choleva L; Merilä J; Ráb P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cell Biology, Faculty of Science, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Morphologically indistinguishable hybrid Carassius female with 156 chromosomes: A threat for the threatened crucian carp, C. carassius, L.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190924, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The crucian carp Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758), is native to many European freshwaters. Despite its wide distribution, the crucian carp is declining in both the number and sizes of populations across much of its range. Here we studied 30 individuals of a putative pure population from Helsinki, Finland. Despite clear external morphological features of C. carassius, an individual was of a higher ploidy level than the others. We therefore applied a set of molecular genetic (S7 nuclear and cytochrome b mitochondrial genes) and cytogenetic tools (sequential fluorescent 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole [DAPI], Chromomycin A3 [CMA3], C-banding and in situ hybridization [FISH] with both 5S and 28S ribosomal DNA probes) to determine its origin. While all examined characteristics of a diploid representative male (CCAHe2Fi) clearly corresponded to those of C. carassius, a triploid individual (CCAHe1Fi) was more complex. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that the nuclear genome of CCAHe1Fi contained three haploid sets: two C. gibelio and one C. carassius. However the mitochondrial DNA was that of C. gibelio, demonstrating its hybrid origin. The FISH revealed three strong (more intensive) 5S rDNA loci, confirming the triploid status, and an additional 24 weak (less intensive) signals were observed in the chromosome complement of CCAHe1Fi. On the other hand, only two strong and 16 weak 5S rDNA signals were visible on the chromosomes of the CCAHe2Fi male. 28S rDNA FISH revealed four strong signals in both CCAHe1Fi and CCAHe2Fi individuals. CMA3 staining revealed four to six CMA3-positive bands of CCAHe1Fi, while that of diploids contained only two to four. The fact that a polyploid hybrid Carassius female with a strong invasive potential may share morphological characters typical for endangered C. carassius highlights a need to combine genetic investigations of Carassius cryptic diversity with conservation measures of C. carassius in Europe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carpas/anatomia & histologia
Carpas/genética
Triploidia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Carpas/classificação
Bandeamento Cromossômico
Diploide
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
Finlândia
Marcadores Genéticos
Variação Genética
Hibridização Genética
Hibridização in Situ Fluorescente
Cariótipo
Masculino
Filogenia
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190924


  9 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281668
[Au] Autor:Del-Rio G; Rêgo MA; Silveira LF; Itoh A
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Zoologia, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Plant invasion: Another threat to the São Paulo Marsh Antwren (Formicivora paludicola), a species on the verge of extinction.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189465, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During the past 100 years in densely populated south-eastern Brazil, wetlands have been severely transformed due to urbanization, agriculture and mining. The recently discovered São Paulo Marsh Antwren (Formicivora paludicola) is endemic to these wetlands, and is listed as "Critically Endangered" by the IUCN. The species is only found in an area of 1.42 km2, it has a sparse and fragmented distribution, low dispersal capacity, and has probably lost around 300 km2 of habitat in the past 100 years. Furthermore, very little is known about F. paludicola natural history, and so it is difficult to construct a robust conservation plan. Using Kernel home range estimations and the Adjusted-SD/Torus Shift test (a novel tool for animal-habitat association studies), we showed that the species avoids patches of the alien invasive ginger lily (Hedychium coronarium). Given the high density of their population (3.6 mature individuals/ha), F. paludicola could thrive in relatively small areas of suitable wetlands protected from human occupation and water contamination, however special attention should be paid to biological invasions, which may represent a serious threat to the remaining populations. Protecting a few small wetlands used by F. paludicola would be an important step towards general conservation and restoration of Atlantic Forest wetlands and its endemic endangered species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Espécies Introduzidas
Plantas
Zonas Úmidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189465


  10 / 2897 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29272275
[Au] Autor:Seely E; Osborne RW; Koski K; Larson S
[Ad] Endereço:The Whale Museum, Friday Harbor, Washington, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Soundwatch: Eighteen years of monitoring whale watch vessel activities in the Salish Sea.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189764, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Soundwatch Boater Education Program is a vessel monitoring and public education outreach program. Soundwatch has been run by The Whale Museum (TWM) during the whale watch season (May through September) in the Haro Strait Region of the Central Salish Sea since 1993. Data collection has been in a consistent manner since 1998 and is presented here. The program compiles data on vessel types and vessel interactions with marine mammals with a focus on the Southern Resident killer whale (SRKW), Orcinas orca, which was listed as endangered under the U.S. Endangered Species Act (ESA) in 2005. The primary goal of the Soundwatch program is to reduce vessel disturbance to SRKWs and other marine wildlife through the education of boaters on regional, local and federal guidelines and regulations and the systematic monitoring of vessel activities around cetaceans. Since 1998, the number of active commercial whale watching vessels has increased over time; ranging from a low of 63 in 1999, to a high of 96 in 2015. In addition, the number of vessel incidents or violation of regulations and guidelines has also increased; ranging from a low of 398 in 1998 to a high of 2621 in 2012. Soundwatch collected data on 23 incident types, some remaining the same over the 18-year data set and some changing over time. The most common incidents over the 18 years were "Within 880 m of Lime Kiln" and "Crossing the path of whales". The numbers of people kayaking near whales also significantly increased since 2004 with the incident "kayaks spread out" with a significantly increasing trend making it difficult for whales to avoid vessels. These results suggest a need for further outreach for effective education and enforcement of whale watching guidelines and regulations in the Central Salish Sea.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Navios
Orca
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171223
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189764



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