Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.248.620.750.712 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 381 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29370164
[Au] Autor:Butler SR; Fernández-Juricic E
[Ad] Endereço:Purdue University, Department of Biological Sciences, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:European starlings use their acute vision to check on feline predators but not on conspecifics.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0188857, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Head movements allow birds with laterally placed eyes to move their centers of acute vision around and align them with objects of interest. Consequently, head movements have been used as indicator of fixation behavior (where gaze is maintained). However, studies on head movement behavior have not elucidated the degree to which birds use high-acuity or low-acuity vision. We studied how European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) used high-acuity vision in the early stages of visual exploration of a stuffed cat (common terrestrial predator), a taxidermy Cooper's hawk (common aerial predator), and a stuffed study skin of a conspecific. We found that starlings tended to use their high acuity vision when looking at predators, particularly, the cat was above chance levels. However, when they viewed a conspecific, they used high acuity vision as expected by chance. We did not observe a preference for the left or right center of acute vision. Our findings suggest that starlings exposed to a predator (particularly cats) may employ selective attention by using high-acuity vision to obtain quickly detailed information useful for a potential escape, but exposed to a social context may use divided attention by allocating similar levels high- and low-quality vision to monitor both conspecifics and the rest of the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gatos/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório
Estorninhos/fisiologia
Acuidade Visual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Movimentos Oculares
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188857


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[PMID]:27778195
[Au] Autor:Federspiel IG; Garland A; Guez D; Bugnyar T; Healy SD; Güntürkün O; Griffin AS
[Ad] Endereço:School of Psychology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, 2308, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Adjusting foraging strategies: a comparison of rural and urban common mynas (Acridotheres tristis).
[So] Source:Anim Cogn;20(1):65-74, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1435-9456
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Establishment in urbanized environments is associated with changes in physiology, behaviour, and problem-solving. We compared the speed of learning in urban and rural female common mynas, Acridotheres tristis, using a standard visual discrimination task followed by a reversal learning phase. We also examined how quickly each bird progressed through different stages of learning, including sampling and acquisition within both initial and reversal learning, and persistence following reversal. Based on their reliance on very different food resources, we expected urban mynas to learn and reversal learn more quickly but to sample new contingencies for proportionately longer before learning them. When quantified from first presentation to criterion achievement, urban mynas took more 20-trial blocks to learn the initial discrimination, as well as the reversed contingency, than rural mynas. More detailed analyses at the level of stage revealed that this was because urban mynas explored the novel cue-outcome contingencies for longer, and despite transitioning faster through subsequent acquisition, remained overall slower than rural females. Our findings draw attention to fine adjustments in learning strategies in response to urbanization and caution against interpreting the speed to learn a task as a reflection of cognitive ability.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Resolução de Problemas
Reversão de Aprendizagem
Estorninhos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aprendizagem por Discriminação
Meio Ambiente
Feminino
Percepção Visual
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161026
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10071-016-1045-7


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[PMID]:28821917
[Au] Autor:Zbyryt A; Jakubas D; Tobolka M
[Ad] Endereço:The Polish Society for Birds Protection (PTOP), Ciepla 17, 15-471, Bialystok, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Factors determining presence of passerines breeding within White Stork Ciconia ciconia nests.
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;104(9-10):71, 2017 Aug 18.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nests of White Stork Ciconia ciconia are commonly used by various passerines as nesting sites. In this study, we investigated factors determining presence and number of pairs of species breeding within White Stork nests in an extensive farmland in NE Poland. In 133 (57%) out of 233 White Stork nests, we found at least one breeding pair of passerine bird. These were from three species: House Sparrows Passer domesticus (68% of 133 nests with co-breeding), Tree Sparrows Passer montanus (65%), and Starlings Sturnus vulgaris (30%). The probability of breeding passerines within White Stork nests increased with increasing nest thickness, and was significantly higher in currently occupied nests. Sparrows were more likely to breed in White Stork nests located on electricity poles, situated closer to settlements and surrounded mainly by arable fields where meadows were not prevalent. In this paper, we show that White Stork nests are favorable nesting sites for passerines, as they are well insulated and provide an anti-predatory shield.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cruzamento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aves
Polônia
Estorninhos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170820
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-017-1492-2


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[PMID]:28771556
[Au] Autor:Heldbjerg H; Fox AD; Thellesen PV; Dalby L; Sunde P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Bioscience-Wildlife Ecology, Aarhus University, Kalø, Rønde, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Common Starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) increasingly select for grazed areas with increasing distance-to-nest.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182504, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The abundant and widespread Common Starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is currently declining across much of Europe due to landscape changes caused by agricultural intensification. The proximate mechanisms causing adverse effects to breeding Starlings are unclear, hampering our ability to implement cost-efficient agri-environmental schemes to restore populations to former levels. This study aimed to show how this central foraging farmland bird uses and selects land cover types in general and how use of foraging habitat changes in relation to distance from the nest. We attached GPS-loggers to 17 breeding Starlings at a Danish dairy cattle farm in 2015 and 2016 and analysed their use of different land cover types as a function of distance intervals from the nest and their relative availability. As expected for a central place forager, Starlings increasingly avoided potential foraging areas with greater distance-to-nest: areas ≥ 500 m were selected > 100 times less frequently than areas within 100 m. On average, Starlings selected the land cover category Grazed most frequently, followed by Short Grass, Bare Ground, Meadow and Winter Crops. Starlings compensated for elevated travel costs by showing increasing habitat selection the further they foraged from the nest. Our results highlight the importance of Grazed foraging habitats close to the nest site of breeding Starlings. The ecological capacity of intensively managed farmlands for insectivorous birds like the Starling is decreasing through conversion of the most strongly selected land cover type (Grazed) to the least selected (Winter Crops) which may be further exacerbated through spatial segregation of foraging and breeding habitats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Herbivoria/fisiologia
Comportamento de Nidação/fisiologia
Estorninhos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cruzamento
Ecossistema
Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170829
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170829
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170804
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182504


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[PMID]:28628640
[Au] Autor:Goodenough AE; Little N; Carpenter WS; Hart AG
[Ad] Endereço:School of Natural & Social Sciences, Francis Close Hall, University of Gloucestershire, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Birds of a feather flock together: Insights into starling murmuration behaviour revealed using citizen science.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179277, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pre-roost murmuration displays by European starlings Sturnus vulgaris are a spectacular example of collective animal behaviour. To date, empirical research has focussed largely on flock movement and biomechanics whereas research on possible causal mechanisms that affect flock size and murmuration duration has been limited and restricted to a small number of sites. Possible explanations for this behaviour include reducing predation through the dilution, detection or predator confusion effects (the "safer together" hypotheses) or recruiting more birds to create larger (warmer) roosts (the "warmer together" hypothesis). We collected data on size, duration, habitat, temperature and predators from >3,000 murmurations using citizen science. Sightings were submitted from 23 countries but UK records predominated. Murmurations occurred across a range of habitats but there was no association between habitat and size/duration. Size increased significantly from October to early February, followed by a decrease until the end of the season in March (overall mean 30,082 birds; maximum 750,000 birds). Mean duration was 26 minutes (± 44 seconds SEM). Displays were longest at the start/end of the season, probably due to a significant positive relationship with day length. Birds of prey were recorded at 29.6% of murmurations. The presence of predators including harrier Circus, peregrine Falco peregrinus, and sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus was positively correlated with murmuration size (R2 = 0.401) and duration (R2 = 0.258), especially when these species were flying near to, or actively engaging with, starlings. Temperature was negatively correlated with duration but the effect was much weaker than that of day length. When predators were present, murmurations were statistically more likely to end with all birds going down en masse to roost rather than dispersing from the site. Our findings suggest that starling murmurations are primarily an anti-predator adaptation rather than being undertaken to attract larger numbers of individuals to increase roost warmth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Estorninhos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecossistema
Comportamento Predatório
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170620
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179277


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[PMID]:28314822
[Au] Autor:De Groof G; Balthazart J; Cornil CA; Van der Linden A
[Ad] Endereço:Bio-Imaging Laboratory, University of Antwerp, CDE, Universiteitsplein 1, B-2610 Antwerp, Belgium, and.
[Ti] Título:Topography and Lateralized Effect of Acute Aromatase Inhibition on Auditory Processing in a Seasonal Songbird.
[So] Source:J Neurosci;37(16):4243-4254, 2017 Apr 19.
[Is] ISSN:1529-2401
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It is increasingly recognized that brain-derived estrogens (neuroestrogens) can regulate brain physiology and behavior much faster than what was previously known from the transcriptional action of estrogens on nuclear receptors. One of the best examples of such neuromodulation by neuroestrogens concerns the acute regulation of sensory coding by the auditory cortex as demonstrated by electrophysiological studies of selected neurons in zebra finches. Yet, the spatial extent of such modulation by neuroestrogens is not known. Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we demonstrate here that acute estrogen depletion alters within minutes auditory processing in male European starlings. These effects are confined to very specific but large areas of the auditory cortex. They are also specifically lateralized to the left hemisphere. Interestingly, the modulation of auditory responses by estrogens was much larger (both in amplitude and in topography) in March than in December or May/June. This effect was presumably independent from changes in circulating testosterone concentrations since levels of the steroid were controlled by subcutaneous implants, thus suggesting actions related to other aspects of the seasonal cycle or photoperiodic manipulations. Finally, we also show that estrogen production specifically modulates selectivity for behaviorally relevant vocalizations in a specific part of the caudomedial nidopallium. These findings confirm and extend previous conclusions that had been obtained by electrophysiological techniques. This approach provides a new very powerful tool to investigate auditory responsiveness in songbirds and its fast modulation by sex steroids. Neuroestrogens can acutely modulate sensory processing in a manner similar to neuromodulators. We report that acute estrogen depletion rapidly disrupts auditory processing in large areas of the male starling brain. Effects were larger in March than in December or May/June, lateralized to the left hemisphere and specific to behaviorally relevant stimuli. These findings confirm and extend previous data that identified an acute regulation of auditory neurons in zebra finches by (1) delineating the extent of the brain region affected, (2) confirming its lateralization, and (3) demonstrating that a large part of the auditory brain regions are acutely affected by estrogens. These findings provide a very powerful tool to investigate auditory responsiveness in songbirds and its fast modulation by sex steroids.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inibidores da Aromatase/farmacologia
Aromatase/metabolismo
Córtex Auditivo/fisiologia
Percepção Auditiva/efeitos dos fármacos
Lateralidade Funcional
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Córtex Auditivo/diagnóstico por imagem
Córtex Auditivo/metabolismo
Estrogênios/deficiência
Estrogênios/metabolismo
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Fotoperíodo
Estações do Ano
Estorninhos
Vocalização Animal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aromatase Inhibitors); 0 (Estrogens); EC 1.14.14.1 (Aromatase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170428
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170428
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170319
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1961-16.2017


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[PMID]:27932298
[Au] Autor:Aydogdu A; Frasca P; D'Apice C; Manzo R; Thornton JM; Gachomo B; Wilson T; Cheung B; Tariq U; Saidel W; Piccoli B
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Computational and Integrative Biology, Rutgers University - Camden, NJ, United States. Electronic address: aa1389@scarletmail.rutgers.edu.
[Ti] Título:Modeling birds on wires.
[So] Source:J Theor Biol;415:102-112, 2017 Feb 21.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8541
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper we introduce a mathematical model to study the group dynamics of birds resting on wires. The model is agent-based and postulates attraction-repulsion forces between the interacting birds: the interactions are "topological", in the sense that they involve a given number of neighbors irrespective of their distance. The model is first mathematically analyzed and then simulated to study its main properties: we observe that the model predicts birds to be more widely spaced near the borders of each group. We compare the results from the model with experimental data, derived from the analysis of pictures of pigeons and starlings taken in New Jersey: two different image elaboration protocols allow us to establish a good agreement with the model and to quantify its main parameters. We also discuss the potential handedness of the birds, by analyzing the group organization features and the group dynamics at the arrival of new birds. Finally, we propose a more refined mathematical model that describes landing and departing birds by suitable stochastic processes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Aves/fisiologia
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Columbidae
Instalação Elétrica
Modelos Teóricos
Estorninhos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27717852
[Au] Autor:Lermite F; Peneaux C; Griffin AS
[Ad] Endereço:School of psychology, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Electronic address: francoise.lermite@uon.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Personality and problem-solving in common mynas (Acridotheres tristis).
[So] Source:Behav Processes;134:87-94, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1872-8308
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Animals show consistent individual differences in behaviour across time and/or contexts. Recently, it has been suggested that proactive personality types might also exhibit fast cognitive styles. The speed with which individuals sample environmental cues is one way in which correlations between personality and cognition might arise. Here, we measured a collection of behavioural traits (competitiveness, neophobia, neophilia, task-directed motivation and exploration) in common mynas (Acridotheres tristis) and measured their relationship with problem solving. We predicted that fast solving mynas would interact with (i.e. sample) the problem solving task at higher rates, but also be more competitive, less neophobic, more neophilic, and more exploratory. Mynas that were faster to solve a novel foraging problem were no more competitive around food and no more inclined to take risks. Unexpectedly, these fast-solving mynas had higher rates of interactions with the task, but also displayed lower levels of exploration. It is possible that a negative relation between problem solving and spatial exploration arose as a consequence of how inter-individual variation in exploration was quantified. We discuss the need for greater consensus on how to measure exploratory behaviour before we can advance our understanding of relationships between cognition and personality more effectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Personalidade/fisiologia
Resolução de Problemas/fisiologia
Estorninhos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170206
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170206
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161009
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27460156
[Au] Autor:Medhanie GA; Pearl DL; McEwen SA; Guerin MT; Jardine CM; Schrock J; LeJeune JT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Population Medicine, Ontario Veterinary College, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Spatial Clustering of Escherichia coli with Reduced Susceptibility to Cefotaxime and Ciprofloxacin among Dairy Cattle Farms Relative to European Starling Night Roosts.
[So] Source:Zoonoses Public Health;64(3):204-212, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1863-2378
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) have been implicated in the dispersal of zoonotic enteric pathogens. However, their role in disseminating antimicrobial-resistant organisms through their home range has not been clearly established. The aim of this study was to determine whether starling night roosts served as foci for spreading organisms with reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials among dairy cattle farms. Bovine faecal pats were collected from 150 dairy farms in Ohio. Each farm was visited twice (in summer and fall) between 2007 and 2009. A total of 1490 samples (10 samples/farm over two visits) were tested for Escherichia coli with reduced susceptibility to cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin. Using a spatial scan statistic, focal scans were conducted to determine whether clusters of farms with a high prevalence of organisms with reduced susceptibility to cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin surrounded starling night roosts. Faecal pats 13.42% and 13.56% of samples carried Escherichia coli with reduced susceptibility to cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin, respectively. Statistically significant (P < 0.05) spatial clusters of faecal pats with high prevalence of Escherichia coli showing reduced susceptibility to cefotaxime and ciprofloxacin were identified around these night roosts. This finding suggests that the risk of carriage of organisms with reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials in cattle closer to starling night roosts was higher compared to cattle located on farms further from these sites. Starlings might have an important role in spreading antimicrobial-resistant E. coli to livestock environments, thus posing a threat to animal and public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/microbiologia
Cefotaxima/farmacologia
Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia
Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla
Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos
Estorninhos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Análise por Conglomerados
Indústria de Laticínios
Infecções por Escherichia coli/epidemiologia
Infecções por Escherichia coli/microbiologia
Infecções por Escherichia coli/veterinária
Fazendas
Ohio/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 5E8K9I0O4U (Ciprofloxacin); N2GI8B1GK7 (Cefotaxime)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/zph.12296


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[PMID]:26936226
[Au] Autor:Feare CJ; van der Woude J; Greenwell P; Edwards HA; Taylor JA; Larose CS; Ahlen PA; West J; Chadwick W; Pandey S; Raines K; Garcia F; Komdeur J; de Groene A
[Ad] Endereço:WildWings Bird Management, Grayswood Common, Haslemere, Surrey, UK.
[Ti] Título:Eradication of common mynas Acridotheres tristis from Denis Island, Seychelles.
[So] Source:Pest Manag Sci;73(2):295-304, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1526-4998
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In Seychelles, the common myna has been shown to have a negative impact on endangered endemic birds on Denis Island, interfering with breeding attempts and attacking adult endemic birds at their nests. This stimulated an attempt to eradicate the island's mynas. RESULTS: The eradication was undertaken in three phases, overall killing 1186 mynas and lasting 5 years. Decoy trapping was the most effective method for catching mynas, but the last birds were shot. Decoy trapping was compromised by catches of non-target species. Data collection from killed birds indicated that trapping did not favour either sex, and that most breeding occurred during the wetter season, November to March. CONCLUSIONS: Eradication of mynas from small tropical islands is feasible. The Denis Island eradication was prolonged by difficulties in management and staffing. Using volunteers, the cost of the eradication was similar to that of eradicating rodents from the island. In future eradication attempts in Seychelles, possible food stress during the drier season (May to September) might facilitate trapping at this time. Habitat management, especially the removal of short mown grass, could enhance eradication progress. Continued monitoring is needed to confirm eradication and detect any immigration, and also to record responses in the endemic birds. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Pragas/métodos
Estorninhos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Espécies Introduzidas
Masculino
Reprodução/fisiologia
Estações do Ano
Seicheles
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ps.4263



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