Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.248.710.672.650 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 302 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28926594
[Au] Autor:Hobson EA; Smith-Vidaurre G; Salinas-Melgoza A
[Ad] Endereço:Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:History of nonnative Monk Parakeets in Mexico.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184771, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nonnative Monk Parakeets have been reported in increasing numbers across many cities in Mexico, and were formally classified as an invasive species in Mexico in late 2016. However, there has not been a large-scale attempt to determine how international pet trade and national and international governmental regulations have played a part in colonization, and when the species appeared in different areas. We describe the changes in regulations that led the international pet trade market to shift to Mexico, then used international trade data to determine how many parakeets were commercially imported each year and where those individuals originated. We also quantified the recent increases in Monk Parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) sightings in Mexico in both the scientific literature and in citizen science reports. We describe the timeline of increased reports to understand the history of nonnative Monk Parakeets in Mexico. As in other areas where the species has colonized, the main mode of transport is through the international pet trade. Over half a million Monk Parakeets were commercially imported to Mexico during 2000-2015, with the majority of importation (90%) occurring in 2008-2014, and almost all (98%) were imported from Uruguay. The earliest record of a free-flying Monk Parakeet was observed during 1994-1995 in Mexico City, but sightings of the parakeets did not become geographically widespread in either the scientific literature or citizen science databases until 2012-2015. By 2015, parakeets had been reported in 97 cities in Mexico. Mexico City has consistently seen steep increases in reporting since this species was first reported in Mexico. Here we find that both national and international legal regulations and health concerns drove a rise and fall in Monk Parakeet pet trade importations, shortly followed by widespread sightings of feral parakeets across Mexico. Further monitoring of introduced Monk Parakeet populations in Mexico is needed to understand the establishment, growth and spread of introduced populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies Introduzidas/história
Periquitos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bases de Dados Factuais
História do Século XX
México
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170920
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184771


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[PMID]:28033364
[Au] Autor:Klauke N; Schaefer HM; Bauer M; Segelbacher G
[Ad] Endereço:Animal Ecology and Evolution, Faculty of Biology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Limited Dispersal and Significant Fine - Scale Genetic Structure in a Tropical Montane Parrot Species.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0169165, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Tropical montane ecosystems are biodiversity hotspots harbouring many endemics that are confined to specific habitat types within narrow altitudinal ranges. While deforestation put these ecosystems under threat, we still lack knowledge about how heterogeneous environments like the montane tropics promote population connectivity and persistence. We investigated the fine-scale genetic structure of the two largest subpopulations of the endangered El Oro parakeet (Pyrrhura orcesi) endemic to the Ecuadorian Andes. Specifically, we assessed the genetic divergence between three sites separated by small geographic distances but characterized by a heterogeneous habitat structure. Although geographical distances between sites are small (3-17 km), we found genetic differentiation between all sites. Even though dispersal capacity is generally high in parrots, our findings indicate that dispersal is limited even on this small geographic scale. Individual genotype assignment revealed similar genetic divergence across a valley (~ 3 km distance) compared to a continuous mountain range (~ 13 km distance). Our findings suggest that geographic barriers promote genetic divergence even on small spatial scales in this endangered endemic species. These results may have important implications for many other threatened and endemic species, particularly given the upslope shift of species predicted from climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Ecossistema
Variação Genética
Periquitos/genética
Periquitos/fisiologia
Clima Tropical
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0169165


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[PMID]:27901394
[Au] Autor:Veladiano IA; Banzato T; Bellini L; Montani A; Catania S; Zotti A
[Ti] Título:Computed tomographic anatomy of the heads of blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna), African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), and monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus).
[So] Source:Am J Vet Res;77(12):1346-1356, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1943-5681
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE To create an atlas of the normal CT anatomy of the head of blue-and-gold macaws (Ara ararauna), African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), and monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus). ANIMALS 3 blue-and-gold macaws, 5 African grey parrots, and 6 monk parakeets and cadavers of 4 adult blue-and-gold macaws, 4 adult African grey parrots, and 7 monk parakeets. PROCEDURES Contrast-enhanced CT imaging of the head of the live birds was performed with a 4-multidetector-row CT scanner. Cadaveric specimens were stored at -20°C until completely frozen, and each head was then sliced at 5-mm intervals to create reference cross sections. Frozen cross sections were cleaned with water and photographed on both sides. Anatomic structures within each head were identified with the aid of the available literature, labeled first on anatomic photographs, and then matched to and labeled on corresponding CT images. The best CT reconstruction filter, window width, and window level for obtaining diagnostic images of each structure were also identified. RESULTS Most of the clinically relevant structures of the head were identified in both the cross-sectional photographs and corresponding CT images. Optimal visibility of the bony structures was achieved via CT with a standard soft tissue filter and pulmonary window. The use of contrast medium allowed a thorough evaluation of the soft tissues. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE The labeled CT images and photographs of anatomic structures of the heads of common pet parrot species created in this study may be useful as an atlas to aid interpretation of images obtained with any imaging modality.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aves/anatomia & histologia
Cabeça/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cadáver
Feminino
Masculino
Periquitos/anatomia & histologia
Papagaios
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27480781
[Au] Autor:Carril J; Ronderos JR; Tambussi CP; Chiale MC
[Ad] Endereço:Cátedra de Histología y Embriología Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y Museo, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Calle 64 N°3, 1900 Buenos Aires, Argentina; Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Argentina. Electronic address: julyetacarril@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Jaw myogenesis in the monk parakeet: evidence of developmental reprogramming in the emergence of novel muscles in Psittaciformes (Aves).
[So] Source:Zoology (Jena);119(6):534-540, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2720
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Psittaciformes have apomorphies in the muscles of the jaw that include both the adductors m. ethmomandibularis (EM) and m. pseudomasseter (PM), which are responsible for the generation of strong bite forces. While the EM is present in all Psittaciformes, the PM can be absent or present, and even underdeveloped or well-developed. The aim of this study is to identify developmental reprogramming processes by comparing the myogenesis of the jaw of the monk parakeet Myiopsitta monachus with the information available about other species of Psittaciformes. Seventeen specimens including embryos at different developmental stages, and nestlings of different ages were studied through the analysis of serial histological sections. At embryonic stage 24 (S24) the muscle precursor was observed in the first pharyngeal arch. At S27 the muscle precursor was found to be divided into lateral, intermediate and medial portions. At S31 the independent development of the EM as a rostro-dorsal projection of the mm. pterygoidei could be observed. At S36 the individualization of all muscles was complete. Finally, the PM was detected two days after hatching as an aponeurotic dorsal projection of the m. adductor mandibulae externus superficialis, located lateral to the arcus jugalis. Our results suggest that in M. monachus the muscles EM and PM emerge as a result of a process of heterotipy, and variations in the degree of development of the PM are associated to a heterochronic process of post-displacement, with M. monachus having an underdeveloped PM with respect to basal Psittaciformes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arcada Osseodentária/embriologia
Músculo Masseter/embriologia
Periquitos/embriologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Periquitos/fisiologia
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26816214
[Au] Autor:Daut EF; Lahodny G; Peterson MJ; Ivanek R
[Ad] Endereço:Schubot Exotic Bird Health Center, Department of Veterinary Pathobiology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Interacting Effects of Newcastle Disease Transmission and Illegal Trade on a Wild Population of White-Winged Parakeets in Peru: A Modeling Approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(1):e0147517, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Illegal wildlife-pet trade can threaten wildlife populations directly from overharvest, but also indirectly as a pathway for introduction of infectious diseases. This study evaluated consequences of a hypothetical introduction of Newcastle disease (ND) into a wild population of Peru's most trafficked psittacine, the white-winged parakeet (Brotogeris versicolurus), through release of infected confiscated individuals. We developed two mathematical models that describe ND transmission and the influence of illegal harvest in a homogeneous (model 1) and age-structured population of parakeets (model 2). Infection transmission dynamics and harvest were consistent for all individuals in model 1, which rendered it mathematically more tractable compared to the more complex, age-structured model 2 that separated the host population into juveniles and adults. We evaluated the interaction of ND transmission and harvest through changes in the basic reproduction number (R0) and short-term host population dynamics. Our findings demonstrated that ND introduction would likely provoke considerable disease-related mortality, up to 24% population decline in two years, but high harvest rates would dampen the magnitude of the outbreak. Model 2 produced moderate differences in disease dynamics compared to model 1 (R0 = 3.63 and 2.66, respectively), but highlighted the importance of adult disease dynamics in diminishing the epidemic potential. Therefore, we suggest that future studies should use a more realistic, age-structured model. Finally, for the presumptive risk that illegal trade of white-winged parakeets could introduce ND into wild populations, our results suggest that while high harvest rates may have a protective effect on the population by reducing virus transmission, the combined effects of high harvest and disease-induced mortality may threaten population survival. These results capture the complexity and consequences of the interaction between ND transmission and harvest in a wild parrot population and highlight the importance of preventing illegal trade.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Selvagens/virologia
Doenças das Aves/epidemiologia
Modelos Teóricos
Doença de Newcastle/epidemiologia
Periquitos/virologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Número Básico de Reprodução
Doenças das Aves/transmissão
Doenças das Aves/virologia
Surtos de Doenças
Doença de Newcastle/transmissão
Doença de Newcastle/virologia
Peru
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1607
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0147517


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[PMID]:26699786
[Au] Autor:Knafler GJ; Ortiz-Catedral L; Jackson B; Varsani A; Grueber CE; Robertson BC; Jamieson IG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, University of Otago, PO Box 56, Dunedin, 9054, New Zealand. dinodna1859@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of beak and feather disease virus prevalence and immunity-associated genetic diversity over time in an island population of red-crowned parakeets.
[So] Source:Arch Virol;161(4):811-20, 2016 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1432-8798
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pathogen outbreaks in the wild can contribute to a population's extinction risk. Concern over the effects of pathogen outbreaks in wildlife is amplified in small, threatened populations, where degradation of genetic diversity may hinder natural selection for enhanced immunocompetence. Beak and feather disease virus (BFDV) was detected for the first time in an island population of red-crowned parakeets (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) in 2008 on Little Barrier Island (Hauturu-o-Toi) of New Zealand. By 2013, the prevalence of the viral infection had significantly decreased within the population. We tested whether the population of red-crowned parakeets showed a selective response to BFDV, using neutral microsatellite and two immunity-associated genetic markers, the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We found evidence for selection at viral-associated TLR3; however, the ability of TLR3 to elicit an immune response in the presence of BFDV warrants confirmation. Alternatively, because red-crowned parakeet populations are prone to fluctuations in size, the decrease in BFDV prevalence over time may be attributed to the Little Barrier Island population dropping below the density threshold for viral maintenance. Our results highlight that natural processes such as adaptation for enhanced immunocompetence and/or density fluctuations are efficient mechanisms for reducing pathogen prevalence in a threatened, isolated population.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária
Circovirus
Variação Genética
Periquitos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Infecções por Circoviridae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Circoviridae/genética
Infecções por Circoviridae/virologia
Evolução Molecular
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética
Ilhas/epidemiologia
Complexo Principal de Histocompatibilidade/genética
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia
Receptores Toll-Like/genética
Receptores Toll-Like/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Toll-Like Receptors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160330
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160330
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151225
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00705-015-2717-3


  7 / 302 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26596465
[Au] Autor:Kim KT; Lee SH; Kwak D
[Ad] Endereço:Animal Health Center of Zoo Land, Daejeon O-World Theme Park, Daejeon 35073, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Developmental morphology of Knemidokoptes pilae on an infested red-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae).
[So] Source:J Vet Med Sci;78(3):509-12, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1347-7439
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A captive 4-year-old female red-crowned parakeet (Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae) presented with anorexia, diminished activity and thick, beige, crusted lesions over the cere, legs, wings and cloaca. Deep skin scrapings from various lesions identified Knemidokoptes pilae as the causative agent. For treatment, the crusts were debrided, and the lesions were topically treated with ivermectin, chlorhexidine and silver sulfadiazine. The parakeet died the day after treatment. Previous studies examining K. pilae have focused primarily on the morphologic characteristics of adult female mites. This study presents a more comprehensive morphologic analysis, with examination of K. pilae at different stages of development (eggs, larvae and adult males and females).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infestações por Ácaros/veterinária
Periquitos/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
Infestações por Ácaros/parasitologia
Ácaros/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1292/jvms.15-0504


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[PMID]:26420256
[Au] Autor:Ojanguren I; Cruz MJ; Villar A; Sanchez-Ortiz M; Morell F; Munoz X
[Ad] Endereço:Servicio de Neumología, Departamento de Medicina, Hospital Universitario Vall d´Hebron, Universidad Autónoma de Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Changes in PH in exhaled breath condensate after specific bronchial challenge test in patients with chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: a prospective study.
[So] Source:BMC Pulm Med;15:109, 2015 Sep 30.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2466
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the specific inhalation challenge (SIC) on changes of pH values in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) in patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP). METHODS: A prospective study of 85 patients with suspected HP, of whom 63 were diagnosed with HP due to exposure to avian or fungal antigens. In all cases, EBC samples were collected before and after completion of the SIC and pH values were determined. RESULTS: Taken as a whole, patients with HP did not present changes in EBC pH after SIC. However, considering only patients with exposure to molds, those diagnosed with HP had a significantly more acid pH post-SIC than those with another diagnosis (p = 0.011). This fact is not observed in patients exposed to bird's antigens. A ROC curve showed that a reduction in EBC pH of 0.3 units or more after SIC in patients diagnosed with HP due to exposure to molds had a sensitivity of 30 % (CI: 12.8 to 54.3 %) and a specificity of 100 % (CI: 65.5 to 100 %). CONCLUSION: EBC pH may be useful in interpreting SIC results in patients with HP, especially in those patients exposed to molds. Further studies are now required to test the validity of these proposals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/imunologia
Antígenos de Fungos/imunologia
Aves/imunologia
Imunoglobulina G/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/diagnóstico
Animais
Aspergillus fumigatus/imunologia
Pulmão dos Criadores de Aves
Testes Respiratórios
Testes de Provocação Brônquica
Estudos de Coortes
Columbidae/imunologia
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Mucor/imunologia
Periquitos/imunologia
Papagaios/imunologia
Penicillium/imunologia
Estudos Prospectivos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Fungal); 0 (Immunoglobulin G)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151002
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151002
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151001
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12890-015-0100-5


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[PMID]:26355292
[Au] Autor:Hobson EA; DeDeo S
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute for Mathematical and Biological Synthesis, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee, United States of America; Department of Biology, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Social Feedback and the Emergence of Rank in Animal Society.
[So] Source:PLoS Comput Biol;11(9):e1004411, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1553-7358
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dominance hierarchies are group-level properties that emerge from the aggression of individuals. Although individuals can gain critical benefits from their position in a hierarchy, we do not understand how real-world hierarchies form. Nor do we understand what signals and decision-rules individuals use to construct and maintain hierarchies in the absence of simple cues such as size or spatial location. A study of conflict in two groups of captive monk parakeets (Myiopsitta monachus) found that a transition to large-scale order in aggression occurred in newly-formed groups after one week, with individuals thereafter preferring to direct aggression more frequently against those nearby in rank. We consider two cognitive mechanisms underlying the emergence of this order: inference based on overall levels of aggression, or on subsets of the aggression network. Both mechanisms were predictive of individual decisions to aggress, but observed patterns were better explained by rank inference through subsets of the aggression network. Based on these results, we present a new theory, of a feedback loop between knowledge of rank and consequent behavior. This loop explains the transition to strategic aggression and the formation and persistence of dominance hierarchies in groups capable of both social memory and inference.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Conflito (Psicologia)
Retroalimentação Psicológica/fisiologia
Predomínio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão
Algoritmos
Animais
Biologia Computacional
Periquitos/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150911
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1004411


  10 / 302 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26267228
[Au] Autor:Carril J; Tambussi CP
[Ad] Endereço:Cátedra De Histología Y Embriología Animal, Facultad De Ciencias Naturales Y Museo, Universidad Nacional De La Plata, La Plata, Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Development of the Superaltricial Monk Parakeet (Aves, Psittaciformes): Embryo Staging, Growth, and Heterochronies.
[So] Source:Anat Rec (Hoboken);298(11):1836-47, 2015 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1932-8494
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Knowledge about the embryonic stages of birds is important in answering many questions about development and evolution. We give the first description of 41 embryological stages of the monk parakeet (Myiopsitta monachus) on the basis of external morphology and comparison with the chicken. We also provide measurements of some external morphological characters (i.e. body mass, crown-rump, beak, forelimb, and third toe lengths) and perform comparisons with other precocial and altricial birds with the aim of identifying heterochronous developmental features. The following differences in the development of characters in the monk parakeet when compared with other birds were found: (1) delay of the feathers primordia, (2) wing buds initially greater than leg buds, (3) forelimbs and hindlimbs with similar relative size, (4) retroversion of the toe IV, (5) ventral curvature of the upper jaw, (6) positive regressions between stages and beak length with acceleration and higher values and III toe lengths with deceleration and lower values in the monk parakeet compared to the chicken. The growth pattern of the monk paraket Myiopsitta monachus could be influenced by some heterochronic processes like post-displacement, acceleration and/or deceleration. Results of this research allow the standard identification of stages in different species of parrots, recognize similarities and differences between precocial (the chicken) and altricial species (Myiopsitta), and provide planning data for future studies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Embrião de Mamíferos/anatomia & histologia
Embrião de Mamíferos/fisiologia
Periquitos/anatomia & histologia
Periquitos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Galinhas/anatomia & histologia
Galinhas/fisiologia
Membro Anterior/anatomia & histologia
Membro Posterior/anatomia & histologia
Morfogênese
Asas de Animais/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151014
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151014
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150813
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ar.23256



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde