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Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.493.467.400 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29370231
[Au] Autor:Utne-Palm AC; Breen M; Løkkeborg S; Humborstad OB
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Behavioural responses of krill and cod to artificial light in laboratory experiments.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190918, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Most fishes and crustaceans respond to light, and artificial light sources may therefore be an efficient stimulus to manipulate behaviours in aquatic animals. It has been hypothesised that the catch efficiency of pots could be increased if prey, for example krill, can be attracted into the pots providing a visual stimulus and a source of live bait. To find which light characteristics are most attractive to krill, we tested the effects of light intensity and wavelength composition on Northern krill's (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) behavioural response to an artificial light source. The most attractive individual wavelength was 530 nm (green light), while broadband (425-750 nm) white light was an equally attractive light source. The intensity of the emitted light did not appear to have a direct effect on attraction to the light source, however it did significantly increase swimming activity among the observed krill. The most promising light stimuli for krill were tested to determine whether they would have a repulsive or attractive effect on cod (Gadus morhua); These light stimuli appeared to have a slightly repulsive, but non-significant, effect on cod. However, we suggest that a swarm of krill attracted to an artificial light source may produce a more effective visual stimulus to foraging cod.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/efeitos da radiação
Euphausiacea/fisiologia
Euphausiacea/efeitos da radiação
Gadus morhua/fisiologia
Luz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecossistema
Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos da radiação
Pesqueiros
Cadeia Alimentar
Estimulação Luminosa
Comportamento Predatório/efeitos da radiação
Natação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190918


  2 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29364901
[Au] Autor:Jardim E; Eero M; Silva A; Ulrich C; Pawlowski L; Holmes SJ; Ibaibarriaga L; De Oliveira JAA; Riveiro I; Alzorriz N; Citores L; Scott F; Uriarte A; Carrera P; Duhamel E; Mosqueira I
[Ad] Endereço:European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Via Enrico Fermi 2749, 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy.
[Ti] Título:Testing spatial heterogeneity with stock assessment models.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190791, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper describes a methodology that combines meta-population theory and stock assessment models to gain insights about spatial heterogeneity of the meta-population in an operational time frame. The methodology was tested with stochastic simulations for different degrees of connectivity between sub-populations and applied to two case studies, North Sea cod (Gadus morua) and Northeast Atlantic sardine (Sardina pilchardus). Considering that the biological components of a population can be partitioned into discrete spatial units, we extended this idea into a property of additivity of sub-population abundances. If the additivity results hold true for putative sub-populations, then assessment results based on sub-populations will provide information to develop and monitor the implementation of finer scale/local management. The simulation study confirmed that when sub-populations are independent and not too heterogeneous with regards to productivity, the sum of stock assessment model estimates of sub-populations' SSB is similar to the SSB estimates of the meta-population. It also showed that a strong diffusion process can be detected and that the stronger the connection between SSB and recruitment, the better the diffusion process will be detected. On the other hand it showed that weak to moderate diffusion processes are not easy to identify and large differences between sub-populations productivities may be confounded with weak diffusion processes. The application to North Sea cod and Atlantic sardine exemplified how much insight can be gained. In both cases the results obtained were sufficiently robust to support the regional analysis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Oceano Atlântico
Simulação por Computador
Pesqueiros
Gadus morhua
Mar do Norte
Dinâmica Populacional
Processos Estocásticos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180125
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190791


  3 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28862323
[Au] Autor:Roiha IS; Jónsson Á; Backi CJ; Lunestad BT; Karlsdóttir MG
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research, Nordnes, Bergen, Norway.
[Ti] Título:A comparative study of quality and safety of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) fillets during cold storage, as affected by different thawing methods of pre-rigor frozen headed and gutted fish.
[So] Source:J Sci Food Agric;98(1):400-409, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0010
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The catch of marine whitefish is typically seasonal, whereas the land-based processing industry has a need for all-year stable supply of raw materials. This challenge can be met by applying fish frozen at sea. When using frozen fish, the methods employed for thawing may influence the safety and quality of the final product. This study aimed to investigate the applicability of novel thawing strategies in order to provide an all-year supply of high-quality and safe cod products. RESULTS: Comparative investigations of quality and safety factors after thawing in water, with and without air circulation, and contact thawing were performed. The parameters included water-holding capacity, thawing loss, drip loss, cooking yield, sensory evaluation and microbiological analyses (including total volatile bases nitrogen). Water thawing with air circulation provided faster thawing than water thawing without air circulation and contact thawing. For all three methods, the quality of the thawed fish was acceptable and the shelf life of the fillets during chilled storage was between 10 and 14 days post-filleting. CONCLUSION: The results show that controlled freezing of cod, followed by appropriate thawing, may provide the processing industry with an all-year delivery of raw materials, without compromising quality and safety of the final product. © 2017 The Authors. Journal of The Science of Food and Agriculture published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Produtos Pesqueiros/análise
Conservação de Alimentos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Conservação de Alimentos/instrumentação
Inocuidade dos Alimentos
Armazenamento de Alimentos
Gadus morhua
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170902
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jsfa.8649


  4 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28850016
[Au] Autor:Nepstad R; Davies E; Altin D; Nordtug T; Hansen BH
[Ad] Endereço:a Environmental Technology, SINTEF Ocean , Trondheim , Norway.
[Ti] Título:Automatic determination of heart rates from microscopy videos of early life stages of fish.
[So] Source:J Toxicol Environ Health A;80(16-18):932-940, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1528-7394
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Toxic effects of organic hydrophobic contaminants include impacts on fish heart rate (HR) and cardiac functioning. Thus, in ecotoxicology as well as aquaculture and even medicine, fish heart functioning plays an important role in application areas. The aim of this study was to assemble a pipeline of image processing and statistical techniques to extract HR information from microscopy videos of the embryo and larval stages of three species of fish (Atlantic cod, haddock, and Atlantic bluefin tuna). The method enables automatic processing for a large number of individuals, saving a significant amount of time compared with manual processing, while simultaneously eliminating the type of errors such a manual process might incur.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes/classificação
Frequência Cardíaca
Microscopia de Vídeo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Peixes/embriologia
Gadiformes/embriologia
Gadus morhua/embriologia
Coração/fisiologia
Larva/fisiologia
Modelos Teóricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170830
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15287394.2017.1352212


  5 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28837403
[Au] Autor:Holth TF; Storset A; Ribeiro AL; Ólafsdóttir Á; Halldórsson HP; Hylland K
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Biosciences , University of Oslo , Blindern , Oslo , Norway.
[Ti] Título:Environmentally realistic exposure to weathered North Sea oil: Sublethal effects in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus).
[So] Source:J Toxicol Environ Health A;80(16-18):895-906, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1528-7394
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:With increasing oil and gas activities and transport in the Arctic, there is a need to understand how operational or accidental releases of substances affect marine organisms from a pristine environment. The aim of the current study was to describe and compare the responses of two marine fish species, Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), following exposure to three levels (low, medium, high) of the water-soluble fraction of a North Sea crude oil for 16 days. The exposure system simulated environmental exposure by allowing clean seawater to percolate through gravel covered in weathered oil before being introduced to aquaria. Both polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) metabolite bile concentrations and cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) levels and activity increased markedly in comparison with controls in both species, but there were no significant differences between the three exposures. Turbot possessed 4-5-fold higher concentrations of two PAH bile metabolites compared to Atlantic cod by day 8. In contrast, hepatic CYP1A activity in cod was consistently 2-6-fold higher than in turbot with increasing differences over the experimental period. Baseline DNA strand breaks in lymphocytes and kidney cells were low in both species, but was elevated for all treatments by day two. There were no marked indications of the treatments affecting immune functions in either species. This investigation demonstrated that there may be significant differences in responses between species receiving identical exposures and that DNA strand breaks in lymphocytes and kidney cells are sensitive to confinement stress. Data also indicate that some species, such as turbot, may adapt to treatments within days and weeks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Linguados/metabolismo
Gadus morhua/metabolismo
Petróleo/toxicidade
Água do Mar/química
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Hidrocarboneto de Aril Hidroxilases/metabolismo
Bile/química
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Leucócitos Mononucleares/efeitos dos fármacos
Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo
Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos
Fígado/metabolismo
Mar do Norte
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/toxicidade
Explosão Respiratória/efeitos dos fármacos
Alimentos Marinhos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Petroleum); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); EC 1.14.14.1 (Aryl Hydrocarbon Hydroxylases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170825
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15287394.2017.1352195


  6 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28678887
[Au] Autor:Sørensen L; Sørhus E; Nordtug T; Incardona JP; Linbo TL; Giovanetti L; Karlsen Ø; Meier S
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Oil droplet fouling and differential toxicokinetics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in embryos of Atlantic haddock and cod.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0180048, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The impact of crude oil pollution on early life stages (ELS) of fish, including larvae and embryos, has received considerable attention in recent years. Of the organic components present in crude oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are considered the main class of compounds responsible for toxic effects in marine organisms. Although evidence suggests that they are more toxic, alkylated PAHs remain much less studied than their unsubstituted congeners. Recently, it was established that embryos of Atlantic haddock (Melanogrammus aeglefinus) are particularly sensitive to dispersed crude oil, and it was hypothesized that this was caused by direct interaction with crude oil droplets, which adhered to the chorion of exposed embryos. Such a phenomenon would increase the potential for uptake of less water-soluble compounds, including alkylated PAHs. In the current study, we compared the uptake of parent and alkylated PAHs in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) and haddock embryos exposed to dispersed crude oil at a range of environmentally relevant concentrations (10-600 µg oil/liter seawater). Although the species are biologically very similar, the cod chorion does not become fouled with oil droplets, even when the two species are exposed to dispersions of crude oil droplets under similar conditions. A close correlation between the degree of fouling and toxicological response (heart defects, craniofacial malformation) was observed. Oil droplet fouling in haddock led to both quantitative and qualitative differences in PAH uptake. Finally, kinetic data on a large suite of PAHs showed differential elimination, suggesting differential metabolism of unsubstituted versus alkylated compounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos
Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo
Pesqueiros
Gadus morhua/anormalidades
Gadus morhua/metabolismo
Inativação Metabólica
Larva/efeitos dos fármacos
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Poluição por Petróleo
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/metabolismo
Água do Mar
Toxicocinética
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170706
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0180048


  7 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28551206
[Au] Autor:Skogland Enerstvedt K; Sydnes MO; Pampanin DM
[Ad] Endereço:International Research Institute of Stavanger (IRIS) - Environmental Department, Mekjarvik 12, NO-4070 Randaberg, Norway; Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Mathematics and Natural Science, University of Stavanger, NO-4036 Stavanger, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Study of the plasma proteome of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua): Effect of exposure to two PAHs and their corresponding diols.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;183:294-304, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Occurrence of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) contamination in the marine environment represents a risk to marine life and humans. In this study, plasma samples from Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) were analysed by shotgun mass spectrometry to investigate the plasma proteome in response to exposure to single PAHs (naphthalene or chrysene) and their corresponding metabolites (dihydrodiols). In total, 369 proteins were identified and ranked according to their relative abundance. The levels of 12 proteins were found significantly altered in PAH exposed fish and are proposed as new biomarker candidates. Eleven proteins were upregulated, primarily immunoglobulin components, and one protein was downregulated (antifreeze protein type IV.) The uniformity of the upregulated proteins suggests a triggered immune response in the exposed fish. Overall, the results provide valuable knowledge for future studies of the Atlantic cod plasma proteome and generate grounds for establishing new plasma protein biomarkers for environmental monitoring of PAH related exposure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gadus morhua/sangue
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biomarcadores/sangue
Feminino
Peixes/sangue
Peixes/metabolismo
Gadus morhua/metabolismo
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica/imunologia
Sistema Imunitário/química
Sistema Imunitário/efeitos dos fármacos
Espectrometria de Massas
Plasma/química
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/farmacologia
Proteoma/metabolismo
Poluentes Químicos da Água/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Proteome); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170529
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28541331
[Au] Autor:Rowe S; Rose GA
[Ad] Endereço:Memorial University of Newfoundland, St. John's, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Cod stocks: Don't derail cod's comeback in Canada.
[So] Source:Nature;545(7655):412, 2017 05 24.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/legislação & jurisprudência
Pesqueiros/legislação & jurisprudência
Gadus morhua/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Canadá
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/tendências
Cadeia Alimentar
Osmeriformes/fisiologia
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/545412b


  9 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28531177
[Au] Autor:Valdersnes S; Nilsen BM; Breivik JF; Borge A; Maage A
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Nutrition and Seafood Research (NIFES), Nordnes, Bergen, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Geographical trends of PFAS in cod livers along the Norwegian coast.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177947, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The level of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) was determined in North East Arctic cod (Gadus morhua) liver samples from 15 Norwegian fjords and harbors. Five harbors in the eastern part of Norway, six harbors in the western part and four harbours in the northern part. A total of 200 samples were analyzed for 16 PFAS. Determination of PFAS were carried out by LC-MS/MS following sample clean up by solid phase extraction and ultracentrifugation. The predominating PFAS was PFOS, which was found to be higher than the level of quantification (1.5 µg kg-1 wet weight) in 72% of the samples. The highest level of PFOS found was 21.8 µg kg-1 wet weight in a sample from Kragerø in the eastern part of Norway. A significantly higher level of PFOS was found in the eastern fjords and harbors compared to fjords and harbors in the western and northern part of Norway. Within the northern fjords and harbors elevated PFOS levels were found in Narvik, which may indicate a local source there. Variations in PFOS of the cod livers thus reflect differences in levels of pollution between the areas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fluorcarbonetos/análise
Gadus morhua/metabolismo
Fígado/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácidos Alcanossulfônicos/análise
Animais
Cromatografia Líquida
Monitoramento Ambiental
Feminino
Masculino
Noruega
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkanesulfonic Acids); 0 (Fluorocarbons); 9H2MAI21CL (perfluorooctane sulfonic acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170908
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170908
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177947


  10 / 906 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28530564
[Au] Autor:Taboada L; Sánchez A; Pérez-Martín RI; Sotelo CG
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas (IIM-CSIC), Eduardo Cabello 6, E-36208 Vigo, Spain. Electronic address: ledicia.t@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A new method for the rapid detection of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) and ling (Molva molva) using a lateral flow dipstick assay.
[So] Source:Food Chem;233:182-189, 2017 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Species-specific lateral flow dipstick (LFD) assays for the identification of Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua), Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus), Alaska pollock (Gadus chalcogrammus) and ling (Molva molva) in food products were developed. The method comprises a PCR system with four sets of specific primers, for each target species. This step was also devised to dual-labeling of PCR products with biotin and 6-FAM, which are then easily read on a lateral flow dipstick, upon which these products are immobilized by a fixed biotin-ligand and visualized with anti-FAM antibody-coated gold nanoparticles. Sensitivity and selectivity were determined for each of the developed assays. Validation of the assays was performed with DNA extracted from commercial fish products, the identification of all samples by PCR-LFD was coherent with the results found with DNA sequencing. Target species were successfully detected in analyzed commercial samples, demonstrating the applicability of this method to the rapid analysis of food products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Gadiformes
Gadus morhua
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alaska
Animais
Primers do DNA
Alimentos Marinhos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA Primers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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