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  1 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29432435
[Au] Autor:Azbel-Jackson L; Heffernan C; Gunn G; Brownlie J
[Ad] Endereço:Livestock Development Group, School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Exploring the role of voluntary disease schemes on UK farmer bio-security behaviours: Findings from the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea control scheme.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0179877, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The article describes the influence of a disease control scheme (the Norfolk-Suffolk Bovine Viral Diarrhoea Disease (BVD) Eradication scheme) on farmers' bio-security attitudes and behaviours. In 2010, a survey of 100 cattle farmers (53 scheme members vs. 47 out of scheme farmers) was undertaken among cattle farmers residing in Norfolk and Suffolk counties in the UK. A cross-sectional independent measures design was employed. The main analytical tool was content analysis. The following variables at the farmer-level were explored: the specific BVD control measures adopted, livestock disease priorities, motivation for scheme membership, wider knowledge acquisition, biosecurity behaviours employed and training course attendance. The findings suggest that participation in the BVD scheme improved farmers' perception of the scheme benefits and participation in training courses. However, no association was found between the taking part in the BVD scheme and livestock disease priorities or motivation for scheme participation, or knowledge about BVD bio-security measures employed. Equally importantly, scheme membership did appear to influence the importance accorded specific bio-security measures. Yet such ranking did not appear to reflect the actual behaviours undertaken. As such, disease control efforts alone while necessary, are insufficient. Rather, to enhance farmer bio-security behaviours significant effort must be made to address underlying attitudes to the specific disease threat involved.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença das Mucosas por Vírus da Diarreia Viral Bovina/prevenção & controle
Medidas de Segurança
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Animais
Bovinos
Estudos Transversais
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179877


  2 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381751
[Au] Autor:Chea C; Miyauchi M; Inubushi T; Febriyanti Ayuningtyas N; Subarnbhesaj A; Nguyen PT; Shrestha M; Haing S; Ohta K; Takata T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Oral & Maxillofacial Pathobiology, Graduate School of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Molecular mechanism of inhibitory effects of bovine lactoferrin on the growth of oral squamous cell carcinoma.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191683, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Lactoferrin (LF), a member of the transferrin family, recently has been demonstrated to have anticancer effects on various cancers including oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms of its effects on OSCC. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the mechanism of the suppressive effects of bovine LF (bLF) on the growth of OSCC cells. METHODS: In the current study, HSC2, HSC3, HSC4 and normal human oral keratinocytes (RT7) cell lines were tested with bLF 1, 10, and 100 µg/ml. The effects and detail mechanisms of bLF on proliferation and apoptosis of cells were investigated using flow cytometry and western blotting. RESULTS: We found that bLF (1, 10, and 100 µg/ml) induced activation of p53, a tumor suppressor gene, is associated with the induction of cell cycle arrest in G1/S phase and apoptosis in OSCC. Moreover, bLF downregulated the phosphorylation of Akt and activated suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3), thereby attenuating multiple signaling pathways including mTOR/S6K and JAK/STAT3. Interestingly, we revealed that bLF exerted its effect selectively against HSC3 but not on RT7 via different effects on the phosphorylation status of NF-κB and Akt. CONCLUSION: This is the first report showing that bLF selectively suppresses proliferation through mTOR/S6K and JAK/STAT3 pathways and induction of apoptosis in OSCC. This study provides important new findings, which might be useful in the prevention and treatment of OSCC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia
Lactoferrina/farmacologia
Neoplasias Bucais/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Linhagem Celular Transformada
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 3.4.21.- (Lactoferrin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191683


  3 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29367482
[Au] Autor:Marzocchi S; Pasini F; Baldinelli C; Caboni MF
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences and Technologies, University of Bologna.
[Ti] Título:Value-addition of Beef Meat By-products: Lipid Characterization by Chromatographic Techniques.
[So] Source:J Oleo Sci;67(2):143-150, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:1347-3352
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The lipid characterization of storage fat, subcutaneous fat and bone marrow, originated from three different bovine categories, calf, young bull and cow, was carried out in order to develop a re-use of these by-products. After the lipid extraction, the compositions in fatty acids, triacylglycerols and cholesterol were determined by GC-FID. A total of 25 fatty acids were identified in all by-products; the oleic acid was the preponderant component, followed by palmitic, stearic, palmitoleic, linoleic and myristic acid. The long chain triacylglycerols (T48, T50 and T52) were the main products, especially in the cow's by-products. The subcutaneous fat of all animals showed the highest cholesterol content, whereas it was present in low amount in the others. Phospholipids were analysed in bone marrow of all the animals and phosphatidylcholine was the most abundant compound. Because of the high fat content and essential fatty acids and the low cholesterol amount, storage fat and bone marrow could represent a valuable lipid resource in food and pharmaceutical industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cromatografia/métodos
Ácidos Graxos/isolamento & purificação
Análise de Alimentos/métodos
Produtos da Carne/análise
Carne Vermelha
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Colesterol/análise
Colesterol/isolamento & purificação
Ácidos Graxos/análise
Feminino
Masculino
Fosfolipídeos/análise
Fosfolipídeos/isolamento & purificação
Triglicerídeos/análise
Triglicerídeos/isolamento & purificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Phospholipids); 0 (Triglycerides); 97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5650/jos.ess17139


  4 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29360833
[Au] Autor:Schwarz KRL; de Castro FC; Schefer L; Botigelli RC; Paschoal DM; Fernandes H; Leal CLV
[Ad] Endereço:Universidade de São Paulo (USP), Faculdade de Zootecnia e Engenharia de Alimentos (FZEA), Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Pirassununga, São Paulo, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:The role of cGMP as a mediator of lipolysis in bovine oocytes and its effects on embryo development and cryopreservation.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191023, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to determine the influence of cyclic guanosine 3'5'-monophosphate (cGMP) and cGMP-dependent kinase (PKG) during in vitro maturation (IVM) on lipolysis-related parameters in bovine cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs), and on embryo development and cryosurvival. COCs were matured with cGMP/PKG modulators and assessed for metaphase II rates (MII), cGMP levels, lipid content in oocytes (OO), transcript abundance for genes involved in lipolysis (ATGL) and lipid droplets (PLIN2) in cumulus cells (CC) and OO, and presence of phosphorylated (active) hormone sensitive lipase (HSLser563) in OO. Embryo development, lipid contents and survival to vitrification were also assessed. Phosphodiesterase 5 inhibition (PDE5; cGMP-hydrolyzing enzyme) with 10-5M sildenafil (SDF) during 24 h IVM increased cGMP in COCs (56.9 vs 9.5 fMol/COC in untreated controls, p<0.05) and did not affect on maturation rate (84.3±6.4% MII). Fetal calf serum (FCS) in IVM medium decreased cGMP in COCs compared to bovine serum albumin (BSA) + SDF (19.6 vs 66.5 fMol/COC, respectively, p<0.05). FCS increased lipid content in OO (40.1 FI, p<0.05) compared to BSA (34.6 FI), while SDF decreased (29.8 and 29.6 FI, with BSA or FCS, respectively p<0.05). PKG inhibitor (KT5823) reversed this effect (38.9 FI, p<0.05). ATGL and PLIN2 transcripts were detected in CC and OO, but were affected by cGMP and PKG only in CC. HSLser563 was detected in OO matured with or without modulators. Reduced lipid content in embryos were observed only when SDF was added during IVM and IVC (27.6 FI) compared to its use in either or none of the culture periods (34.2 FI, p<0.05). Survival to vitrification was unaffected by SDF. In conclusion, cGMP and PKG are involved in lipolysis in OO and possibly in CC and embryos; serum negatively affects this pathway, contributing to lipid accumulation, and cGMP modulation may reduce lipid contents in oocytes and embryos, but without improving embryo cryotolerance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criopreservação
GMP Cíclico/fisiologia
Desenvolvimento Embrionário
Lipólise/fisiologia
Oócitos/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/genética
Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 5/farmacologia
Fosforilação
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors); H2D2X058MU (Cyclic GMP)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191023


  5 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29339159
[Au] Autor:Popinako A; Antonov M; Dibrova D; Chemeris A; Sokolova OS
[Ad] Endereço:A.N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, Research Center of Biotechnology of RAS, 33 Leninsky Ave, bld. 2, Moscow, 119071, Russia.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of the interactions between GMF and Arp2/3 complex in two binding sites by molecular dynamics simulation.
[So] Source:Biochem Biophys Res Commun;496(2):529-535, 2018 02 05.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2104
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Arp2/3 complex plays a key role in nucleating actin filaments branching. The glia maturation factor (GMF) competes with activators for interacting with the Arp2/3 complex and initiates the debranching of actin filaments. In this study, we performed a comparative analysis of interactions between GMF and the Arp2/3 complex and identified new amino acid residues involved in GMF binding to the Arp2/3 complex at two separate sites, revealed by X-ray and single particle EM techniques. Using molecular dynamics simulations we demonstrated the quantitative and qualitative changes in hydrogen bonds upon binding with GMF. We identified the specific amino acid residues in GMF and Arp2/3 complex that stabilize the interactions and estimated the mean force profile for the GMF using umbrella sampling. Phylogenetic and structural analyses of the recently defined GMF binding site on the Arp3 subunit indicate a new mechanism for Arp2/3 complex inactivation that involves interactions between the Arp2/3 complex and GMF at two binding sites.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/metabolismo
Fator de Maturação da Glia/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/química
Animais
Sítios de Ligação
Bovinos
Cristalografia por Raios X
Fator de Maturação da Glia/química
Camundongos
Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular
Ligação Proteica
Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
Termodinâmica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Actin-Related Protein 2-3 Complex); 0 (Glia Maturation Factor)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320820
[Au] Autor:Ahmed H; Sousa SR; Simsek S; Anastácio S; Kilinc SG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Park Road, Chakh Shazad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:First Molecular Characterization of Hypoderma actaeon in Cattle and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) in Portugal.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):653-658, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis. All larvae were morphologically characterized as the third instar larvae (L3) of H. actaeon. Two restriction enzymes were used for molecular identification of the larvae. TaqI restriction enzyme was not able to cut H. actaeon. However, MboII restriction enzyme differentiated Hypoderma species showing 210 and 450 bp bands in H. actaeon. Furthermore, according to the alignment of the mt-CO1 gene sequences of Hypoderma species and to PCR-RFLP findings, all the identified Hypoderma larvae were confirmed as H. actaeon. This is the first report of identification of Hypoderma spp. (Diptera; Oestridae) from cattle and red deer in Portugal, based on morphological and molecular analyses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Cervos/parasitologia
Dípteros/classificação
Dípteros/genética
Larva
Miíase/parasitologia
Miíase/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Portugal
Análise de Sequência/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.653


  7 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28863363
[Au] Autor:Turker G; Akyol Ç; Ince O; Aydin S; Ince B
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Environmental Sciences, Bogaziçi University, Bebek, 34342 Istanbul, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Operating conditions influence microbial community structures, elimination of the antibiotic resistance genes and metabolites during anaerobic digestion of cow manure in the presence of oxytetracycline.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:349-356, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The way that antibiotic residues in manure follow is one of the greatest concerns due to its potential negative impacts on microbial communities, the release of metabolites and antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) into the nature and the loss of energy recovery in anaerobic digestion (AD) systems. This study evaluated the link between different operating conditions, the biodegradation of oxytetracycline (OTC) and the formation of its metabolites and ARGs in anaerobic digesters treating cow manure. Microbial communities and ARGs were determined through the use of quantitative real-time PCR. The biodegradation of OTC and occurrence of metabolites were determined using UV-HPLC and LC/MS/MS respectively. The maximum quantity of resistance genes was also examined at the beginning of AD tests and concentration was in the order of: tetM >tetO. The numbers of ARGs were always higher at high volatile solids (VS) content and high mixing rate. The results of the investigation revealed that relationship between mixing rate and VS content plays a crucial role for elimination of ARGs, OTC and metabolites. This can be attributed to high abundance of microorganisms due to high VS content and their increased contact with elevated mixing rate. An increased interaction between microorganisms triggers the promotion of ARGs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/toxicidade
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
Resistência Microbiana a Medicamentos/genética
Esterco/microbiologia
Consórcios Microbianos/efeitos dos fármacos
Oxitetraciclina/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anaerobiose
Animais
Antibacterianos/metabolismo
Biodegradação Ambiental
Bovinos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Feminino
Esterco/análise
Consórcios Microbianos/genética
Oxitetraciclina/metabolismo
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Manure); X20I9EN955 (Oxytetracycline)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170902
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28467316
[Au] Autor:Chen R; Cai X; Ma K; Zhou Y; Wang Y; Jiang T
[Ad] Endereço:The State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Basic Science of Stomatology (Hubei-MOST) and Key Laboratory of Oral Biomedicine Ministry of Education, School and Hospital of Stomatology, Wuhan University, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:The fabrication of double-layered chitosan/gelatin/genipin nanosphere coating for sequential and controlled release of therapeutic proteins.
[So] Source:Biofabrication;9(2):025028, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-5090
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bone regeneration is a complicated process and includes a number of distinct and sequential stages of coordinated cellular actions under the regulation of multiple growth factors. Therefore, bone grafting materials in which growth factors can be incorporated and released in a programmed order in line with the bone tissue healing process may lead to desirable clinical outcomes. In the present study, a double-layered chitosan/gelatin/genipin (d-CSG/G) nanosphere coating is developed by using layer-by-layer electrophoretic deposition and genipin crosslinking. The surface morphology, physicochemical and mechanical properties of the coatings are explored. Cytochrome C is used as a therapeutic model protein and is successfully loaded on the inner and outer layers of the coating. The protein release can be controlled by the loading position, genipin concentration and thickness of the outer layer. Furthermore, the cell response to the coatings was evaluated. Real-time polymerase chain reactions, immunofluorescence staining and extracellular matrix mineralization assay confirmed that the functions of the loaded growth factor are fully preserved after fabrication. Overall, the d-CSG/G nanosphere coating could be a promising growth factor delivery system to promote bone tissue regeneration.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomimética/métodos
Quitosana/química
Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis/química
Citocromos c/uso terapêutico
Gelatina/química
Iridoides/química
Nanosferas/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/química
Calcificação Fisiológica
Bovinos
Reagentes para Ligações Cruzadas/química
Preparações de Ação Retardada
Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo
Imunofluorescência
Células Mesenquimais Estromais/citologia
Nanosferas/ultraestrutura
Osteocalcina/metabolismo
Ratos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Proteínas Recombinantes/química
Soluções
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
Propriedades de Superfície
Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2); 0 (Coated Materials, Biocompatible); 0 (Cross-Linking Reagents); 0 (Delayed-Action Preparations); 0 (Iridoids); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); 0 (Solutions); 0 (Transforming Growth Factor beta); 0 (recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2); 104982-03-8 (Osteocalcin); 9000-70-8 (Gelatin); 9007-43-6 (Cytochromes c); 9012-76-4 (Chitosan); A3V2NE52YG (genipin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1088/1758-5090/aa70c3


  9 / 313645 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28461165
[Au] Autor:Ahmed FRS; Amin R; Hasan I; Asaduzzaman AKM; Kabir SR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi 6205, Bangladesh.
[Ti] Título:Antitumor properties of a methyl-ß-d-galactopyranoside specific lectin from Kaempferia rotunda against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma cells.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:952-959, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A lectin was isolated from the tuberous rhizome of Keampferia rotunda by using different chromatographic methods with the molecular weight of 21±1kDa. The lectin contained highest percentage of leucine and lowest percentage of tryptophan residues as determined by LC-MS. The lectin agglutinated mice and human erythrocytes and the hemagglutination activity was inhibited by Methyl-ß-d-galactopyranoside. The lectin did not lose its activity in the presence of urea but the activity abolished completely when treated with EDTA. The lectin exhibited its activity at the pH ranging from 6.0 to 9.0 and in a temperature range of 30-80°C. Antiproliferative activity was studied against Ehrlich ascites carcinoma (EAC) and U87 cell lines. No inhibitory effect was observed against U87 cell line whereas 43.7% cell growth inhibition was observed in vitro against EAC cells at 160µg/ml. The lectin was injected (i.p.) in EAC bearing Swiss albino mice at the doses of 3.0 and 6.0mg/kg/day for five consecutive days and 41 and 59% of EAC cell growth inhibition was observed, respectively. The cell growth inhibition was due to the induction of apoptosis in the EAC cells which was confirmed by cell morphological study, caspase-3 inhibitor and apoptosis-related gene expression.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
Carcinoma de Ehrlich/patologia
Galactose/metabolismo
Lectinas de Plantas/farmacologia
Zingiberaceae/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antineoplásicos/química
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação
Antineoplásicos/metabolismo
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos
Apoptose/genética
Caspases/metabolismo
Bovinos
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos
Hemaglutinação/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Camundongos
Peso Molecular
Lectinas de Plantas/química
Lectinas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Lectinas de Plantas/metabolismo
Especificidade por Substrato
Temperatura Ambiente
Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents); 0 (Plant Lectins); EC 3.4.22.- (Caspases); X2RN3Q8DNE (Galactose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28455252
[Au] Autor:Kwak HW; Shin M; Lee JY; Yun H; Song DW; Yang Y; Shin BS; Park YH; Lee KH
[Ad] Endereço:Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul 151-921, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Fabrication of an ultrafine fish gelatin nanofibrous web from an aqueous solution by electrospinning.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;102:1092-1103, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Electrospinning of aqueous gelatin solution obtained from bovine or porcine sources has been difficult to achieve without additional facilities, such as a temperature control oven or heating cover. Gelatin from cold-water fish has low contents of proline (Pro) and hydroxyproline (Hyp) compared with mammalian-derived gelatin. For this reason, the fish-derived gelatin maintains a sol state without showing gelation behavior at room temperature. In the present study, we prepared an ultrafine fish gelatin nanofibrous web by electrospinning from aqueous solutions without any additive polymers or temperature control facilities. The concentration and viscosity of fish gelatin are the most important factor in determining the electrospinnability and fiber diameter. Electrospinning of aqueous fish gelatin has the highest nanofiber productivity compared to other organic solvent systems. Using glutaraldehyde vapor (GTA), the water stability was improved and substantial enhancement was achieved in the mechanical properties. Finally, the cytotoxicity of a fish gelatin nanofibrous scaffold was evaluated based on a cell proliferation study by culturing human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) compared with a fish gelatin film and nanofibrous mat from mammalian gelatin. The result shows better initial cell attachment and proliferation compared with the fish gelatin film and no significant difference compared with mammalian-derived gelatin nanofibrous mat. We expect that electrospinning of aqueous fish gelatin could be an effective alternative mammalian gelatin source.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eletricidade
Peixes
Gelatina/química
Nanofibras/química
Nanotecnologia
Água/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Materiais Biocompatíveis/química
Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia
Bovinos
Adesão Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Fibroblastos/citologia
Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos
Gelatina/farmacologia
Glutaral/química
Seres Humanos
Hidrólise
Reologia
Soluções
Viscosidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biocompatible Materials); 0 (Solutions); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 9000-70-8 (Gelatin); T3C89M417N (Glutaral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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