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[PMID]:29320820
[Au] Autor:Ahmed H; Sousa SR; Simsek S; Anastácio S; Kilinc SG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Park Road, Chakh Shazad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:First Molecular Characterization of Hypoderma actaeon in Cattle and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) in Portugal.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):653-658, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis. All larvae were morphologically characterized as the third instar larvae (L3) of H. actaeon. Two restriction enzymes were used for molecular identification of the larvae. TaqI restriction enzyme was not able to cut H. actaeon. However, MboII restriction enzyme differentiated Hypoderma species showing 210 and 450 bp bands in H. actaeon. Furthermore, according to the alignment of the mt-CO1 gene sequences of Hypoderma species and to PCR-RFLP findings, all the identified Hypoderma larvae were confirmed as H. actaeon. This is the first report of identification of Hypoderma spp. (Diptera; Oestridae) from cattle and red deer in Portugal, based on morphological and molecular analyses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Cervos/parasitologia
Dípteros/classificação
Dípteros/genética
Larva
Miíase/parasitologia
Miíase/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Portugal
Análise de Sequência/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.653


  2 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29254926
[Au] Autor:Hu PF; Xu JP; Ai C; Shao XJ; Wang HL; Dong YM; Cui XZ; Fuhe Y; Xiumei X
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory for Molecular Biology of Special Economic Animals, Key Laboratory of Special Economic Animal Genetics and Breeding, Ministry of Agriculture, Institute of Special Economic Animal and Plant Sciences, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Changchun 130112, China.
[Ti] Título:Screening weight related genes of velvet antlers by whole genome re-sequencing.
[So] Source:Yi Chuan;39(11):1090-1101, 2017 Nov 20.
[Is] ISSN:0253-9772
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The velvet antler is a special organ that has important biological significance for deer, and its growth is a complicated biological metabolism process. Growing evidence suggests that genetics factors play essential roles in the weight of velvet antlers. In this study, we investigated five sika deer (Cervus nippon) populations under the same feeding condition, and screened genetic variations in the 100 samples (including 50 heavy and 50 light velvet antler weight samples) by whole genome re-sequencing. The results showed that 94 genetic variations were related to the velvet antler weight, among which two single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites were located on the exon regions of OAS2 and ALYREF/THOC4, respectively. Furthermore, ALYREF/THOC4 is highly expressed in the velvet antler. The biological functions of these genetic variations were highly related to the growth and development of deer velvet antlers. Collectively, we screened genes related to the velvet antler weight in sika deer populations by whole genome re-sequencing and identified 94 sites as candidate genetic variations related to the velvet antler weight. We hope that it will contribute to further mechanistic studies of velvet antler development and weight variations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Chifres de Veado
Cervos/genética
Tamanho do Órgão/genética
Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Chifres de Veado/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Variação Genética
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.16288/j.yczz.17-116


  3 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29329309
[Au] Autor:ArchMiller AA; Dorazio RM; St Clair K; Fieberg JR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Fisheries, Wildlife and Conservation Biology, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, MN, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Time series sightability modeling of animal populations.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190706, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Logistic regression models-or "sightability models"-fit to detection/non-detection data from marked individuals are often used to adjust for visibility bias in later detection-only surveys, with population abundance estimated using a modified Horvitz-Thompson (mHT) estimator. More recently, a model-based alternative for analyzing combined detection/non-detection and detection-only data was developed. This approach seemed promising, since it resulted in similar estimates as the mHT when applied to data from moose (Alces alces) surveys in Minnesota. More importantly, it provided a framework for developing flexible models for analyzing multiyear detection-only survey data in combination with detection/non-detection data. During initial attempts to extend the model-based approach to multiple years of detection-only data, we found that estimates of detection probabilities and population abundance were sensitive to the amount of detection-only data included in the combined (detection/non-detection and detection-only) analysis. Subsequently, we developed a robust hierarchical modeling approach where sightability model parameters are informed only by the detection/non-detection data, and we used this approach to fit a fixed-effects model (FE model) with year-specific parameters and a temporally-smoothed model (TS model) that shares information across years via random effects and a temporal spline. The abundance estimates from the TS model were more precise, with decreased interannual variability relative to the FE model and mHT abundance estimates, illustrating the potential benefits from model-based approaches that allow information to be shared across years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cervos
Modelos Teóricos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Modelos Logísticos
Minnesota
Estudos de Tempo e Movimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190706


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[PMID]:29293647
[Au] Autor:Hofman-Kaminska E; Bocherens H; Borowik T; Drucker DG; Kowalczyk R
[Ad] Endereço:Mammal Research Institute, Polish Academy of Sciences, Bialowieza, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Stable isotope signatures of large herbivore foraging habitats across Europe.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190723, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We investigated how do environmental and climatic factors, but also management, affect the carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) stable isotope composition in bone collagen of the two largest contemporary herbivores: European bison (Bison bonasus) and moose (Alces alces) across Europe. We also analysed how different scenarios of population recovery- reintroduction in bison and natural recovery in moose influenced feeding habitats and diet of these two species and compared isotopic signatures of modern populations of bison and moose (living in human-altered landscapes) with those occurring in early Holocene. We found that δ13C of modern bison and moose decreased with increasing forest cover. Decreasing forest cover, increasing mean annual temperature and feeding on farm crops caused an increase in δ15N in bison, while no factor significantly affected δ15N in moose. We showed significant differences in δ13C and δ15N among modern bison populations, in contrast to moose populations. Variation in both isotopes in bison resulted from inter-population differences, while in moose it was mainly an effect of intra-population variation. Almost all modern bison populations differed in δ13C and δ15N from early Holocene bison. Such differences were not observed in moose. It indicates refugee status of European bison. Our results yielded evidence that habitat structure, management and a different history of population recovery have a strong influence on foraging behaviour of large herbivores reflected in stable isotope signatures. Influence of forest structure on carbon isotope signatures of studied herbivores supports the "canopy effect" hypothesis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bison/fisiologia
Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Cervos/fisiologia
Ecossistema
Comportamento Alimentar
Herbivoria
Isótopos de Nitrogênio/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Nitrogen Isotopes)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180103
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190723


  5 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29204739
[Au] Autor:Kim HK; Kim HJ; Noh JY; Van Phan L; Kim JH; Song D; Na W; Kang A; Nguyen TL; Shin JH; Jeong DG; Yoon SW
[Ad] Endereço:Infectious Disease Research Center, Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Serological evidence of H5-subtype influenza A virus infection in indigenous avian and mammalian species in Korea.
[So] Source:Arch Virol;163(3):649-657, 2018 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1432-8798
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Korea, H5-subtype highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) has caused huge economic losses in poultry farms through outbreaks of H5N1 since 2003, H5N8 since 2013 and H5N6 since 2016. Although it was reported that long-distance migratory birds may play a major role in the global spread of avian influenza viruses (AIVs), transmission from such birds to poultry has not been confirmed. Intermediate hosts in the wild also may be a potential factor in viral transmission. Therefore, a total of 367 serum samples from wild animals were collected near major migratory bird habitats from 2011 to 2016 and tested by AIV-specific blocking ELISA and hemagglutination inhibition (HI) test. Two mammalian and eight avian species were seropositive according to the ELISA test. Among these, two mammalian (Hydropotes inermis and Prionailurus bengalensis) and three avian (Aegypius monachus, Cygnus cygnus, and Bubo bubo) species showed high HI titres (> 1,280) against one or two H5-subtype AIVs. As H. inermis (water deer), P. bengalensis (leopard cat), and B. bubo (Eurasian eagle owl) are indigenous animals in Korea, evidence of H5-subtype AIV in these animals implies that continuous monitoring of indigenous animals should be followed to understand interspecies transmission ecology of H5-subtype influenza viruses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1/isolamento & purificação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N2/isolamento & purificação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N8/isolamento & purificação
Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia
Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Selvagens/virologia
Aves/virologia
Cervos/virologia
Monitoramento Epidemiológico
Felidae/virologia
Testes de Inibição da Hemaglutinação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1/classificação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N1/imunologia
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N2/classificação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N2/imunologia
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N8/classificação
Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H5N8/imunologia
Influenza Aviária/sangue
Influenza Aviária/imunologia
Influenza Aviária/virologia
Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/sangue
Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia
Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/virologia
Filogenia
República da Coreia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00705-017-3655-z


  6 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29304165
[Au] Autor:Schnitzler A; Granado J; Putelat O; Arbogast RM; Drucker D; Eberhard A; Schmutz A; Klaefiger Y; Lang G; Salzburger W; Schibler J; Schlumbaum A; Bocherens H
[Ad] Endereço:LIEC UMR 7360, University of Lorraine - UFR Sci FA, Campus Bridoux, Metz, France.
[Ti] Título:Genetic diversity, genetic structure and diet of ancient and contemporary red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) from north-eastern France.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0189278, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In north-eastern France, red deer (Cervus elaphus L.) populations were rebuilt from a few hundred individuals, which have subsisted in remote valleys of the Vosges mountains, and to a lesser extent from individuals escaped from private enclosures; at present times, this species occupies large areas, mainly in the Vosges Mountains. In this study, we examined the population dynamics of red deer in the Vosges Mountains using ancient and contemporary mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) from 140 samples (23 ancient + 117 modern) spanning the last 7'000 years. In addition, we reconstructed the feeding habits and the habitat of red deer since the beginning of agriculture applying isotopic analyses in order to establish a basis for current environmental management strategies. We show that past and present red deer in the Vosges Mountains belong to mtDNA haplogroup A, suggesting that they originated from the Iberian refugium after the last glacial maximum (LGM). Palaeogenetic analysis of ancient bone material revealed the presence of two distinct haplotypes with different temporal distributions. Individuals belonging to the two haplotype groups apparently occupied two different habitats over at least 7'000 years. AM6 correlates with an ecological type that feeds in densely forested mountain landscapes, while AM235 correlates with feeding in lowland landscapes, composed of a mixture of meadows and riverine, herb-rich woodlands. Our results suggest that red deer of north-eastern France was able to adapt, over the long term, to these different habitat types, possibly due to efficient ethological barriers. Modern haplotype patterns support the historical record that red deer has been exposed to strong anthropogenic influences as a major game species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cervos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agricultura/história
Animais
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
DNA Mitocondrial/isolamento & purificação
Cervos/classificação
Dieta/história
Ecossistema
França
Variação Genética
Haplótipos
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
História Antiga
História Medieval
Filogeografia
Dinâmica Populacional/história
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180210
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180210
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180106
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189278


  7 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29323857
[Au] Autor:Dedkov VG; Deviatkin AA; Poleschuk EM; Safonova MV; Markelov ML; Shipulin GA
[Ti] Título:Development and evaluation of the RT-PCR kit for the rabies virus diagnosis.
[So] Source:Vopr Virusol;61(5):235-40, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0507-4088
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To improve the diagnosis, surveillance, and control for the rabies virus, a kit for hybridization-triggered fluorescence detection of rabies virus DNA by the RT-PCR technique was developed and evaluated. The analytical sensitivity of the kit was 4*10 GE per ml. High specificity of the kit was shown using representative sampling of viral, bacterial, and human nucleic acids.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: RNA Viral/genética
Vírus da Raiva/genética
Raiva/epidemiologia
Raiva/veterinária
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/normas
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos
Primers do DNA/síntese química
Primers do DNA/genética
Cervos/virologia
Cães
Raposas/virologia
Seres Humanos
Raiva/diagnóstico
Raiva/transmissão
Vírus da Raiva/isolamento & purificação
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA Primers); 0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29241320
[Au] Autor:Zochowska-Kujawska J; Kotowicz M; Lachowicz K; Sobczak M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Meat Technology, West Pomeranian University of Technology in Szczecin, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Influence of marinades on shear force, structure and sensory properties of home-style jerky.
[So] Source:Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment;16(4):413-420, 2017 Oct-Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1898-9594
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Products from dried meat have been sold for many years as snack foods. The most important sensory attributes of this type of food are texture and flavour, determined by the selection of the raw material and the effect of numerous technological factors. The aim of the study was to investigate the structure, sen- sory and mechanical properties of meat snacks produced under non-commercial conditions using wild boar, roe deer and beef as raw material. METHODS: Jerky was prepared from Longissimus muscle treated (24 h, 4°C) with the follow- ing marinades before drying at 55°C for 6 h: (a) spices, (b) lemon & honey marinade, (c) marinating with balsamic vinegar marinade, (d) dipping into pineapple marinade, and (e) using ginger marinade. The jerky’s shear and work forces, structure and sensory properties were compared. RESULTS: An increase in sensory properties and a decrease in WB parameters as a consequence in muscle structural elements changes were found in all marinate-treated samples compared to the control. The greatest changes were observed when the meat was soaked with pineapple marinade before drying. Lower ones were observed when ginger and balsamic vinegar marinades were applying, and the lowest when jerky was produced using lemon & honey. Roe deer jerky, compared to wild boar and beef, received better scores for texture, and worse for overall acceptability. CONCLUSIONS: Marinades containing proteolytic enzymes or characterized by a low pH could be used as tenderizers in jerky production from initially tough meat such as wild boar, and marinades based on lemon & honey and also vinegar could be used for flavoring tender meat with an intense aroma, such as roe deer meat.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
Produtos da Carne/normas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Cervos
Microbiologia de Alimentos
Produtos da Carne/microbiologia
Fenômenos Mecânicos
Sus scrofa
Paladar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.17306/J.AFS.0508


  9 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29187607
[Au] Autor:Found R
[Ad] Endereço:Parks Canada, Elk Island National Park, Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta, Canada T8L 0V3 found@ualberta.ca.
[Ti] Título:Interactions between cleaner-birds and ungulates are personality dependent.
[So] Source:Biol Lett;13(11), 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1744-957X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While a growing body of literature explores the ecological implications of consistent individual variation in the behaviour of wildlife, few studies have looked at the reciprocal influences of personality within interspecific interactions, despite the potentially significant impacts on biodiversity. Here I used two species involved in cleaner-bird behaviour-black-billed magpies ( ) and Rocky mountain elk ( )-to show that the exhibition of mutualistic behaviour can depend on the personality of the individual involved. I recorded suites of correlated behaviours in both elk and magpies to derive personality gradients from 'shy' to 'bold', which I compared with observations of interspecific interactions. I measured each half of this mutualistic relationship separately. I found that bold elk were more likely to aggressively reject magpie landings, while shy elk allowed magpies to land and groom them. Contrastingly, I found it was bold magpies that were willing to risk landings, while shy magpies rarely attempted landings. These results show that the exhibition of interspecific behaviour is predicated on the personality of the individuals, and thus likely contributes to the selection and maintenance of personality variation within populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal
Cervos/psicologia
Passeriformes
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agressão
Animais
Personalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180204
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180204
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 7938 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281648
[Au] Autor:Handeland K; Vikøren T; Josefsen TD; Madslien K; Valdecanas B; Uhlig S
[Ad] Endereço:Norwegian Veterinary Institute, Oslo, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Yew (Taxus) intoxication in free-ranging cervids.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188961, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Wild ruminants, including deer species (cervids) have incorrectly been regarded as refractory to yew (Taxus) intoxication. This assumption has been based upon anecdotal observations of individual deer browsing on yew over time without apparent adverse effect. A single case of yew intoxication was reported in a free-ranging Norwegian moose (Alces alces) in 2008. The current report describes five additional cases of yew toxicosis in moose, seven in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and two in reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus), all in Norway. The animals were found dead during the winter, close to or within gardens containing yew plants showing signs of browsing. Gross findings included lung congestion and edema, thoracic and pericardial effusion, bilateral heart dilatation, epi- and endocardial hemorrhage, and enlarged (congested) spleen. Yew plant remnants were detected in the rumen of all animals with the exception of a single moose. Histology revealed multifocal acute myocardial degeneration and necrosis with hemorrhage in roe deer, but not in the two other species. A qualitative high performance liquid chromatography-ion trap mass spectrometry analysis was used to tentatively identify five major Taxus alkaloids (taxines) in crude yew extracts and in heart and liver samples from the moose cases. All five major taxines were detected with good signal/noise ratio in tissue samples from the four moose with visible ruminal yew content, whereas lower levels of taxines were detected in the moose without visible ruminal yew content. Possible differences in interspecies tolerance to taxines and role of individual protective adaptation are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cervos/fisiologia
Plantas Tóxicas
Taxus
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação
Animais
Animais Selvagens
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Espectrometria de Massas
Noruega
Especificidade da Espécie
Taxus/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkaloids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188961



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