Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.649.313.750.377.500 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24937575
[Au] Autor:Hassanin A; Veron G
[Ad] Endereço:a Sorbonne Universités, UPMC Univ Paris 06, UFR927 , Paris, France , Paris , France and.
[Ti] Título:The complete mitochondrial genome of the boky-boky, Mungotictis decemlineata, the first representative of the Malagasy carnivores (Mammalia, Carnivora, Eupleridae).
[So] Source:Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal;27(2):908-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:2470-1408
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The complete mitochondrial genome of the boky-boky, Mungotictis decemlineata, was sequenced using overlapping PCRs. The genome is 16,910 base pairs in length and contains the 37 genes found in a typical mammalian genome: 13 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes and 2 ribosomal RNA genes. The overall base composition on the L-strand is A: 32.1%, C: 27.8%, G: 14.5%, T: 25.6%. The control region of M. decemlineata includes both RS2 and RS3 tandem repeats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Eupleridae/genética
Genoma Mitocondrial/genética
Mitocôndrias/genética
Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Composição de Bases/genética
Sequência de Bases
Códon de Iniciação/genética
Códon de Terminação/genética
Tamanho do Genoma
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
RNA Ribossômico/genética
RNA de Transferência/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Codon, Initiator); 0 (Codon, Terminator); 0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal); 9014-25-9 (RNA, Transfer)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1609
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140618
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3109/19401736.2014.926480


  2 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24063085
[Au] Autor:Langer S; Jurczynski K; Widmer D
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medicine Zoo Duisburg, Muelheimerstr. 273, 47058 Duisburg, Germany. langers@zoo-duisburg.de
[Ti] Título:Selected hematologic and biochemical values in subadult and adult captive fossas (Cryptoprocta ferox).
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;44(3):581-8, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hematologic and serum biochemical values were determined for 26 (16 males and 10 females) clinically healthy captive fossas (Cryptoprocta ferox) living at Zoo Duisburg, Germany. The animals were net-restrained and anesthetized with ketamine and medetomidine for a general examination. A total of 11 animals were classified as subadult (1-3 yr of age) and 15 as adult (aged between 4 and 13 yr). The results include reference intervals and analysis of sex and age differences. Levels of inorganic phosphorus, alkaline phosphatase, glutamate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and calcium were significantly higher in the subadult group. The white blood cell count and red blood cell count were significantly lower in the adult group than among the subadult group.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eupleridae/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Feminino
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1311
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130926
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23200749
[Au] Autor:Corpa JM; García-Quirós A; Casares M; Gerique AC; Carbonell MD; Gómez-Muñoz MT; Uzal FA; Ortega J
[Ad] Endereço:Biomedical Sciences Research Institute, Unidad de Histología y Anatomía Patológica, Facultad de Veterinaria, Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, Avda. Seminario, s/n, 46113 Moncada, Valencia, Spain. jmcorpa@uch.ceu.es
[Ti] Título:Encephalomyelitis by Toxoplasma gondii in a captive fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox).
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;193(1-3):281-3, 2013 Mar 31.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Encephalomyelitis due to Toxoplasma gondii was diagnosed in a fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox). The animal had ataxia, atrophy of hind limb muscles and progressive wasting before dying 12 months after the onset of clinical signs. Toxoplasmosis was suspected antemortem based on clinical signs and the detection of T. gondii DNA by PCR on EDTA-blood from live animal. Necropsy revealed necrotizing gastritis and severe emaciation. The main histological lesions included non-suppurative encephalomyelitis, with dilation of myelin sheaths and swollen axons in the spinal cord, and multifocal gliosis in the brain with intralesional protozoan cysts that stained positive for T. gondii immunohistochemistry. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of toxoplasmosis in a fossa, and a new host record.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encefalomielite/veterinária
Eupleridae
Toxoplasma/isolamento & purificação
Toxoplasmose Animal/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Encefalomielite/parasitologia
Evolução Fatal
Feminino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1308
[Cu] Atualização por classe:130218
[Lr] Data última revisão:
130218
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:121204
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:22986271
[Au] Autor:Libert C; Graille M; Nicolier A
[Ad] Endereço:Parc Zoologique de Montpellier, 50 avenue Agropolis, 34090 Montpellier, France.
[Ti] Título:Intestinal T-cell lymphoma in a fossa (Cryptoprocta ferox).
[So] Source:J Vet Med Sci;75(2):183-5, 2013 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1347-7439
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A 10-year-old male fossa (Crytoprocta ferox) exhibited clinical signs of diarrhea, anorexia and weight loss. Chemistry values and echographic results were suggestive of intestinal lymphoma. Postmortem examination revealed severe multifocal wall thickening of the small intestine with severe enlargement of the pancreatic lymph node. Microscopically, the small intestine was multifocally transmurally infiltrated by large neoplastic round cells also found in the pancreatic lymph node and the liver. On immunohistochemistry, the neoplastic cells stained intensely with CD3 and didn't stain with CD79a. Based on these findings, a diagnosis of intestinal T-cell lymphoma with pancreatic lymph node and liver involvement was made. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of a lymphoma with immunohistochemical phenotyping in a fossa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eupleridae
Neoplasias Intestinais/veterinária
Linfoma de Células T/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Linfoma de Células T/patologia
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1309
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120919
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:21557286
[Au] Autor:Kappel P; Hohenbrink S; Radespiel U
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Zoology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Hanover, Germany. philipp.kappel@tiho-hannover.de
[Ti] Título:Experimental evidence for olfactory predator recognition in wild mouse lemurs.
[So] Source:Am J Primatol;73(9):928-38, 2011 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1098-2345
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although primates have remarkable olfactory capabilities, their ability for olfactory predator recognition is still understudied. We investigated this cognitive ability in wild gray and golden-brown mouse lemurs (Microcebus murinus and M. ravelobensis) that were confronted with four different olfactory stimuli, derived from two Malagasy predators (fossa and barn owl) and two local nonpredator species (brown lemur and sifaka). The predator response was tested (1) in a systematic cage setup and (2) in a two-way choice experiment with two Sherman traps on platforms in the forest (stimulus trap vs. nonstimulus trap). For part 1, the study animals were housed in cages during habituation and 5 days of experiments. One stimulus was tested per night and was presented underneath a drinking bottle. The changes in the time spent close to the stimulus and the drinking time at the bottle were used as indicators of predator recognition. A timidity score was established by classifying the strength of the antipredator response during the experiment. The study animals spent significantly less time drinking and less time in the stimulus area when confronted with fossa odor compared with the other stimuli. The timidity score was significantly higher during the fossa stimulus compared with the nonpredator and the control stimuli. The two-way choice experiments revealed a complete avoidance of the fossa odor, which was not found with the other stimuli. Thus, wild mouse lemurs showed clear signs of olfactory predator recognition in the case of the fossa in both experiments, but no signs of avoidance to the other presented stimuli. The lack of owl avoidance may be explained by less or no aversive metabolites in the owl stimulus or by lower significance for olfactory recognition of aerial predators. Furthermore, the results showed slight differences between the two mouse lemur species that may be linked to differences in their ecology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento de Escolha/fisiologia
Habituação Psicofisiológica/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
Olfato/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cheirogaleidae/fisiologia
Cheirogaleidae/psicologia
Eupleridae
Feminino
Madagáscar
Masculino
Distribuição Aleatória
Estatísticas não Paramétricas
Estrigiformes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1111
[Cu] Atualização por classe:110720
[Lr] Data última revisão:
110720
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110511
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajp.20963


  6 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19754545
[Au] Autor:Vogler BR; Blevins B; Goeritz F; Hildebrandt TB; Dehnhard M
[Ad] Endereço:Leibniz Institute for Zoo and Wildlife Research, Berlin, Germany. vogler.izw@gmx.net
[Ti] Título:Gonadal activity in male and female captive fossas (Cryptoprocta ferox) during the mating season.
[So] Source:Reprod Domest Anim;44 Suppl 2:98-102, 2009 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1439-0531
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The fossa is an endangered, mongoose-like carnivore species endemic to Madagascar with a breeding season (BS) in the southern hemisphere spring. For the present study, faecal samples of captive fossas were collected for over 1 year for five males and four non-pregnant females, and for two pregnant animals during the reproductive period. The goal was to assess gonadal activity using non-invasive hormone measurements of faecal testosterone (T) and gestagen metabolites using assays previously established in our laboratory and further validated in this study. All study animals were housed in northern hemisphere zoos. In males, the seasonal T metabolite profile revealed a peak in spring (March). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis was used to characterize the faecal hormone metabolite composition. The highest immunoreactivity was detected in the position of dihydrotestosterone, whereas native T was not detected. In the two pregnant females, gestagen metabolite concentrations increased 4-9 days after the initial matings and remained elevated throughout gestation with concentrations dramatically higher than those of the non-pregnant females during the BS. In these females, gestagen metabolite analyses did not reveal a seasonal pattern similar to the males. The HPLC-analysis revealed that the major proportion of immunoreactivity was associated with an unknown metabolite, whereas native progesterone was undetectable. The seasonal hormone pattern of male fossas gives proof of the reproductive seasonality of this species. The elevated 5alpha-pregnan-3beta-ol-20-one levels in pregnant animals allows for the characterization of pregnancy in the fossa based on analysis of faecal steroid metabolite concentrations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Eupleridae/fisiologia
Ovário/fisiologia
Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia
Testículo/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais de Zoológico
Feminino
Masculino
Gravidez
Estações do Ano
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1003
[Cu] Atualização por classe:090916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
090916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090917
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0531.2009.01398.x


  7 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:19565675
[Au] Autor:Bennett CE; Pastorini J; Dollar L; Hahn WJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Environmental Biology, Columbia University, New York, USA. bennett@amnh.org
[Ti] Título:Phylogeography of the malagasy ring-tailed mongoose, Galidia elegans, from mtDNA sequence analysis.
[So] Source:Mitochondrial DNA;20(1):7-14, 2009 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1940-1736
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ring-tailed mongoose (Galidia elegans) represents one of the most widely distributed mongooses in Madagascar; however, we know little about the ecology of this seemingly ubiquitous species. Currently, G. elegans is divided into three recognized subspecies--G. e. elegans, G. e. dambrensis, and G. e. occidentalis--based on differences in pelage coloration between the distinct geographic locations. We used intraspecific DNA variation to describe the phylogenetic relationships among the described subspecies. Approximately 550 base pairs of the mitochondrial DNA control region were analyzed from 19 G. elegans specimens representing all three subspecies sampled from across the species' geographic range. Sequence data from outgroup taxa were included for comparison. Examination of the recovered sequences revealed a strongly supported distinct genetic signature in the western region of the island, but remained inconclusive with respect to supporting the designation of the northern and eastern 'subspecies' for treatment as divergent intraspecific units for management.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Eupleridae/classificação
Eupleridae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sequência de Bases
Primers do DNA/genética
Variação Genética
Haplótipos
Madagáscar
Filogenia
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA Primers); 0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:0907
[Cu] Atualização por classe:090630
[Lr] Data última revisão:
090630
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090701
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 8 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:18339652
[Au] Autor:Nash WG; Menninger JC; Padilla-Nash HM; Stone G; Perelman PL; O'Brien SJ
[Ad] Endereço:H & W Cytogenetic Services, Inc., Lovettsville, VA 20180, USA.
[Ti] Título:The ancestral carnivore karyotype (2n = 38) lives today in ringtails.
[So] Source:J Hered;99(3):241-53, 2008 May-Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1465-7333
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chromosome painting was used to investigate the conservation of high-resolution longitudinal 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI)/G bands in Carnivore chromosomes. Cat (Felis catus) and raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) painting probes were hybridized to the ringtail (Bassaricus astutus), dwarf mongoose (Helogale parvula), and Malagasy civet (Fossa fossa) to identify homologous chromosome elements. The patterns of chromosome segment homology among Carnivore species allowed us to reconstruct and propose the disposition of a high-resolution banded ancestral carnivore karyotype (ACK). Three bi-armed chromosomes consistently found among Caniformia species are represented as 6 homologous acrocentric chromosomes among Feliformia species of Carnivora. However, reexamination of the most basal of Feliformia species, the African palm civet Nandinia, revealed the presence of the 3 heretofore Caniformia bi-armed chromosomes. Because these 3 bi-armed chromosomes are found in both Caniformia and Feliformia lineages, they are presumed ancestral for all Carnivora, suggesting that the ACK chromosome number would be 38, rather than the previously supposed 42. Banded chromosomes of the ACK are used to evaluate the consistency between recently determined molecular phylogenetic relationships and postulated cytogenetic dynamics in the same Carnivore species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carnívoros/genética
Cromossomos de Mamíferos
Filogenia
Procyonidae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos
Bandeamento Cromossômico
Cromossomos de Mamíferos/classificação
Eupleridae/genética
Herpestidae/genética
Cães Guaxinins/genética
Ursidae/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:0805
[Cu] Atualização por classe:080414
[Lr] Data última revisão:
080414
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:080315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jhered/esm130



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