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Referências encontradas : 130 [refinar]
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  1 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28850622
[Au] Autor:Aftab SMA; Ahmad KA
[Ad] Endereço:Dept of Aerospace Engineering, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, 43400, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:CFD study on NACA 4415 airfoil implementing spherical and sinusoidal Tubercle Leading Edge.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0183456, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Humpback whale tubercles have been studied for more than a decade. Tubercle Leading Edge (TLE) effectively reduces the separation bubble size and helps in delaying stall. They are very effective in case of low Reynolds number flows. The current Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) study is on NACA 4415 airfoil, at a Reynolds number 120,000. Two TLE shapes are tested on NACA 4415 airfoil. The tubercle designs implemented on the airfoil are sinusoidal and spherical. A parametric study is also carried out considering three amplitudes (0.025c, 0.05c and 0.075c), the wavelength (0.25c) is fixed. Structured mesh is utilized to generate grid and Transition SST turbulence model is used to capture the flow physics. Results clearly show spherical tubercles outperform sinusoidal tubercles. Furthermore experimental study considering spherical TLE is carried out at Reynolds number 200,000. The experimental results show that spherical TLE improve performance compared to clean airfoil.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Simulação por Computador
Jubarte
Modelos Biológicos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170830
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183456


  2 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28249036
[Au] Autor:Findlay KP; Seakamela SM; Meÿer MA; Kirkman SP; Barendse J; Cade DE; Hurwitz D; Kennedy AS; Kotze PG; McCue SA; Thornton M; Vargas-Fonseca OA; Wilke CG
[Ad] Endereço:Mammal Research Institute Whale Unit, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, Wynberg, South Africa / Current address: Research Chair: Oceans Economy, Cape Peninsula University of Technology, Cape Town, South Africa.
[Ti] Título:Humpback whale "super-groups" - A novel low-latitude feeding behaviour of Southern Hemisphere humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in the Benguela Upwelling System.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0172002, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Southern Hemisphere humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) generally undertake annual migrations from polar summer feeding grounds to winter calving and nursery grounds in subtropical and tropical coastal waters. Evidence for such migrations arises from seasonality of historic whaling catches by latitude, Discovery and natural mark returns, and results of satellite tagging studies. Feeding is generally believed to be limited to the southern polar region, where Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) has been identified as the primary prey item. Non-migrations and / or suspended migrations to the polar feeding grounds have previously been reported from a summer presence of whales in the Benguela System, where feeding on euphausiids (E. lucens), hyperiid amphipods (Themisto gaudichaudii), mantis shrimp (Pterygosquilla armata capensis) and clupeid fish has been described. Three recent research cruises (in October/November 2011, October/November 2014 and October/November 2015) identified large tightly-spaced groups (20 to 200 individuals) of feeding humpback whales aggregated over at least a one-month period across a 220 nautical mile region of the southern Benguela System. Feeding behaviour was identified by lunges, strong milling and repetitive and consecutive diving behaviours, associated bird and seal feeding, defecations and the pungent "fishy" smell of whale blows. Although no dedicated prey sampling could be carried out within the tightly spaced feeding aggregations, observations of E. lucens in the region of groups and the full stomach contents of mantis shrimp from both a co-occurring predatory fish species (Thyrsites atun) and one entangled humpback whale mortality suggest these may be the primary prey items of at least some of the feeding aggregations. Reasons for this recent novel behaviour pattern remain speculative, but may relate to increasing summer humpback whale abundance in the region. These novel, predictable, inter-annual, low latitude feeding events provide considerable potential for further investigation of Southern Hemisphere humpback feeding behaviours in these relatively accessible low-latitude waters.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Migração Animal/fisiologia
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Jubarte/fisiologia
Estações do Ano
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0172002


  3 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28148212
[Au] Autor:Kobayashi N; Okabe H; Kawazu I; Higashi N; Kato K; Miyahara H; Nakamura G; Kato H; Uchida S
[Ad] Endereço:1 Okinawa Churashima Foundation, 888 Ishikawa, Motobu, Okinawa 905-0206, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Distribution and Local Movement of Humpback Whales in Okinawan Waters Depend on Sex and Reproductive Status.
[So] Source:Zoolog Sci;34(1):58-63, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0289-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The distribution and local movement patterns of humpback whales in waters off the west coast of Okinawa Island, southwest Japan, were investigated using line transect and photo-identification methodologies. Line transect surveys were conducted from 2011 to 2014 and photo-identification survey from 2006 to 2012. During the surveys, humpback whales aggregated in the areas around Ie and Kerama Islands, and tended to travel along the inshore coast of Okinawa Island when they move locally between those two sites. A total of 496 humpback whales of the known sex were photo-identified (322 males, 75 females and 99 females with a calf). Of these, 24.8% were confirmed moving locally between the sites of Ie and Kerama Islands within the same season. Frequency rates of the local movement for males, females and females with a calf were 41.9, 25.0, and 15.1%, respectively; the frequency of local movement for males was significantly higher than that for females and females with a calf. These results indicate that male humpback whales tend to move more actively between the local breeding sites as compared to females and females with a calf. We speculate that the males search for more opportunities to mate, whereas females with a calf tend to remain in the same areas to nurse their calves. These findings extend our knowledge of the habitat use and reproductive ecology of humpback whales in Okinawan waters, which remain poorly understood.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Migração Animal
Jubarte/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Ecossistema
Feminino
Masculino
Oceano Pacífico
Estações do Ano
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170622
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170622
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170203
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2108/zs160012


  4 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27995620
[Au] Autor:Thean T; Kardjilov N; Asher RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK.
[Ti] Título:Inner ear development in cetaceans.
[So] Source:J Anat;230(2):249-261, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1469-7580
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cetaceans face the challenge of maintaining equilibrium underwater and obtaining sensory input within a dense, low-visibility medium. The cetacean ear represents a key innovation that marked their evolution from terrestrial artiodactyls to among the most fully aquatic mammals in existence. Using micro-CT and histological data, we document shape and size changes in the cetacean inner ear during ontogeny, and demonstrate that, as a proportion of gestation time, the cetacean inner ear is precocial in its growth compared with that of suid artiodactyls. Cetacean inner ears begin ossifying and reach near-adult shape as early as at 32% of the gestation period, and near-adult dimensions as early as at 27% newborn total length. Our earliest embryos with measurable inner ears (13% newborn length) exhibit a flattened cochlea (i.e. smaller distance from cochlear apex to round window) compared with later and adult stages. Inner ears of Sus scrofa have neither begun ossifying nor reached near-adult dimensions at 55% of the gestation period, but have an adult-like ratio of cochlear diameters to each other, suggesting an adult-like shape. The precocial development of the cetacean inner ear complements previous work demonstrating precocial development of other cetacean anatomical features such as the locomotor muscles to facilitate swimming at the moment of birth.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Balaenoptera/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Golfinhos Comuns/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Orelha Interna/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Jubarte/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Balaenoptera/anatomia & histologia
Cetáceos/anatomia & histologia
Cetáceos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Cóclea/anatomia & histologia
Cóclea/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Golfinhos Comuns/anatomia & histologia
Orelha Interna/anatomia & histologia
Jubarte/anatomia & histologia
Canais Semicirculares/anatomia & histologia
Canais Semicirculares/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Especificidade da Espécie
Sus scrofa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170904
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170904
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/joa.12548


  5 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27884466
[Au] Autor:Das K; Malarvannan G; Dirtu A; Dulau V; Dumont M; Lepoint G; Mongin P; Covaci A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Oceanology-MARE, University of Liege, 4000 Liege, Belgium. Electronic address: krishna.das@ulg.ac.be.
[Ti] Título:Linking pollutant exposure of humpback whales breeding in the Indian Ocean to their feeding habits and feeding areas off Antarctica.
[So] Source:Environ Pollut;220(Pt B):1090-1099, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6424
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Humpback whales, Megaptera novaeangliae, breeding off la Reunion Island (Indian Ocean) undergo large-scale seasonal migrations between summer feeding grounds near Antarctica and their reproductive winter grounds in the Indian Ocean. The main scope of the current study was to investigate chemical exposure of humpback whales breeding in the Indian Ocean by providing the first published data on this breeding stock concerning persistent organic pollutants (POPs), namely polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), DDT and its metabolites (DDTs), chlordane compounds (CHLs), polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and methoxylated PBDEs (MeO-PBDEs). Analyses of stable isotopes δ C and δ N in skin resulted in further insight in their feeding ecology, which was in agreement with a diet focused mainly on low trophic level prey species, such as krill from Antarctica. POPs were measured in all humpback whales in the order of HCB > DDTs > CHLs > HCHs > PCBs > PBDEs > MeO-BDEs. HCB (median: 24 ng g lw) and DDTs (median: 7.7 ng g lw) were the predominant compounds in all whale biopsies. Among DDT compounds, p,p'-DDE was the major organohalogenated pollutant, reflecting its long-term accumulation in humpback whales. Significantly lower concentrations of HCB and DDTs were found in females than in males (p < 0.001). Other compounds were similar between the two genders (p > 0.05). Differences in the HCB and DDTs suggested gender-specific transfer of some compounds to the offspring. POP concentrations were lower than previously reported results for humpback whales sampled near the Antarctic Peninsula, suggesting potential influence of their nutritional status and may indicate different exposures of the whales according to their feeding zones. Further investigations are required to assess exposure of southern humpback whales throughout their feeding zones.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Migração Animal/fisiologia
Comportamento Alimentar
Jubarte
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Antárticas
Feminino
Oceano Índico
Masculino
Reprodução
Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161126
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27907182
[Au] Autor:Mercado E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychology, University at Buffalo, The State University of New York, Buffalo, New York, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Acoustic Signaling by Singing Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae): What Role Does Reverberation Play?
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0167277, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:When humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) sing in coastal waters, the units they produce can generate reverberation. Traditionally, such reverberant acoustic energy has been viewed as an incidental side-effect of high-amplitude, long-distance, sound transmission in the ocean. An alternative possibility, however, is that reverberation actually contributes to the structure and function of songs. In the current study, this possibility was assessed by analyzing reverberation generated by humpback whale song units, as well as the spectral structure of unit sequences, produced by singers from different regions. Acoustical analyses revealed that: (1) a subset of units within songs generated narrowband reverberant energy that in some cases persisted for periods longer than the interval between units; (2) these highly reverberant units were regularly repeated throughout the production of songs; and (3) units occurring before and after these units often contained spectral energy peaks at non-overlapping, adjacent frequencies that were systematically related to the bands of reverberant energy generated by the units. These findings strongly suggest that some singing humpback whales not only produce sounds conducive to long-duration reverberation, but also may sequentially structure songs to avoid spectral overlap between units and ongoing reverberation. Singer-generated reverberant energy that is received simultaneously with directly transmitted song units can potentially provide listening whales with spatial cues that may enable them to more accurately determine a singer's position.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Jubarte
Vocalização Animal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acústica
Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170629
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170629
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0167277


  7 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27807249
[Au] Autor:Mooney TA; Kaplan MB; Lammers MO
[Ad] Endereço:Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 266 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA, USA amooney@whoi.edu.
[Ti] Título:Singing whales generate high levels of particle motion: implications for acoustic communication and hearing?
[So] Source:Biol Lett;12(11), 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1744-957X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Acoustic signals are fundamental to animal communication, and cetaceans are often considered bioacoustic specialists. Nearly all studies of their acoustic communication focus on sound pressure measurements, overlooking the particle motion components of their communication signals. Here we characterized the levels of acoustic particle velocity (and pressure) of song produced by humpback whales. We demonstrate that whales generate acoustic fields that include significant particle velocity components that are detectable over relatively long distances sufficient to play a role in acoustic communication. We show that these signals attenuate predictably in a manner similar to pressure and that direct particle velocity measurements can provide bearings to singing whales. Whales could potentially use such information to determine the distance of signalling animals. Additionally, the vibratory nature of particle velocity may stimulate bone conduction, a hearing modality found in other low-frequency specialized mammals, offering a parsimonious mechanism of acoustic energy transduction into the massive ossicles of whale ears. With substantial concerns regarding the effects of increasing anthropogenic ocean noise and major uncertainties surrounding mysticete hearing, these results highlight both an unexplored pathway that may be available for whale acoustic communication and the need to better understand the biological role of acoustic particle motion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Jubarte/fisiologia
Vocalização Animal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acústica
Animais
Audição
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171101
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171101
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161104
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27736958
[Au] Autor:Bortolotto GA; Danilewicz D; Andriolo A; Secchi ER; Zerbini AN
[Ad] Endereço:Pós-graduação em Zoologia, Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Ilhéus, BA, 45662-900, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Whale, Whale, Everywhere: Increasing Abundance of Western South Atlantic Humpback Whales (Megaptera novaeangliae) in Their Wintering Grounds.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(10):e0164596, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The western South Atlantic (WSA) humpback whale population inhabits the coast of Brazil during the breeding and calving season in winter and spring. This population was depleted to near extinction by whaling in the mid-twentieth century. Despite recent signs of recovery, increasing coastal and offshore development pose potential threats to these animals. Therefore, continuous monitoring is needed to assess population status and support conservation strategies. The aim of this work was to present ship-based line-transect estimates of abundance for humpback whales in their WSA breeding ground and to investigate potential changes in population size. Two cruises surveyed the coast of Brazil during August-September in 2008 and 2012. The area surveyed in 2008 corresponded to the currently recognized population breeding area; effort in 2012 was limited due to unfavorable weather conditions. WSA humpback whale population size in 2008 was estimated at 16,410 (CV = 0.228, 95% CI = 10,563-25,495) animals. In order to compare abundance between 2008 and 2012, estimates for the area between Salvador and Cabo Frio, which were consistently covered in the two years, were computed at 15,332 (CV = 0.243, 95% CI = 9,595-24,500) and 19,429 (CV = 0.101, 95% CI = 15,958-23,654) whales, respectively. The difference in the two estimates represents an increase of 26.7% in whale numbers in a 4-year period. The estimated abundance for 2008 is considered the most robust for the WSA humpback whale population because the ship survey conducted in that year minimized bias from various sources. Results presented here indicate that in 2008, the WSA humpback whale population was at least around 60% of its estimated pre-modern whaling abundance and that it may recover to its pre-exploitation size sooner than previously estimated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Monitoramento Ambiental/instrumentação
Jubarte/fisiologia
Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Oceano Atlântico
Brasil
Cruzamento
Densidade Demográfica
Estações do Ano
Navios
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170522
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170522
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161014
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0164596


  9 / 130 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo
[PMID]:27244081
[Au] Autor:Eisenmann P; Fry B; Holyoake C; Coughran D; Nicol S; Bengtson Nash S
[Ad] Endereço:Environmental Futures Research Institute, Griffith University, Brisbane QLD 4111, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Isotopic Evidence of a Wide Spectrum of Feeding Strategies in Southern Hemisphere Humpback Whale Baleen Records.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(5):e0156698, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Our current understanding of Southern hemisphere humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae) ecology assumes high-fidelity feeding on Antarctic krill in Antarctic waters during summer, followed by fasting during their annual migration to and from equatorial breeding grounds. An increase in the number of reported departures from this feeding/fasting model suggests that the current model may be oversimplified or, alternatively, undergoing contemporary change. Information about the feeding and fasting cycles of the two Australian breeding populations of humpback whales were obtained through stable isotope analysis of baleen plates from stranded adult individuals. Comparison of isotope profiles showed that individuals from the West Australian breeding population strongly adhered to the classical feeding model. By contrast, East Australian population individuals demonstrated greater heterogeneity in their feeding. On a spectrum from exclusive Antarctic feeding to exclusive feeding in temperate waters, three different strategies were assigned and discussed: classical feeders, supplemental feeders, and temperate zone feeders. Diversity in the inter-annual feeding strategies of humpback whales demonstrates the feeding plasticity of the species, but could also be indicative of changing dynamics within the Antarctic sea-ice ecosystem. This study presents the first investigation of trophodynamics in Southern hemisphere humpback whales derived from baleen plates, and further provides the first estimates of baleen plate elongation rates in the species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Migração Animal/fisiologia
Comportamento Alimentar/fisiologia
Jubarte/fisiologia
Marcação por Isótopo/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Regiões Antárticas
Austrália
Clima
Ecossistema
Euphausiacea
Jejum
Feminino
Camada de Gelo
Masculino
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170718
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170718
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0156698


  10 / 130 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27229472
[Au] Autor:von Benda-Beckmann AM; Wensveen PJ; Samarra FI; Beerens SP; Miller PJ
[Ad] Endereço:TNO Acoustics and Sonar, Oude Waalsdorperweg 63, The Hague 2597 AK, The Netherlands sander.vonbenda@tno.nl.
[Ti] Título:Separating underwater ambient noise from flow noise recorded on stereo acoustic tags attached to marine mammals.
[So] Source:J Exp Biol;219(Pt 15):2271-5, 2016 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1477-9145
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sound-recording acoustic tags attached to marine animals are commonly used in behavioural studies. Measuring ambient noise is of interest to efforts to understand responses of marine mammals to anthropogenic underwater sound, or to assess their communication space. Noise of water flowing around the tag reflects the speed of the animal, but hinders ambient noise measurement. Here, we describe a correlation-based method for stereo acoustic tags to separate the relative contributions of flow and ambient noise. The uncorrelated part of the noise measured in digital acoustic recording tag (DTAG) recordings related well to swim speed of a humpback whale (Megaptera novaeangliae), thus providing a robust measure of flow noise over a wide frequency bandwidth. By removing measurements affected by flow noise, consistent ambient noise estimates were made for two killer whales (Orcinus orca) with DTAGs attached simultaneously. The method is applicable to any multi-channel acoustic tag, enabling application to a wide range of marine species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Acústica
Jubarte/fisiologia
Ruído
Reologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Pressão
Natação/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160528
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1242/jeb.133116



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