Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.150.900.649.313.988.400.112.199.120.260 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 11 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 2 ir para página        

  1 / 11 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:19663170
[Au] Autor:Masseti M; Bruner E
[Ad] Endereço:Dipartimento di Biologia Evoluzionistica Leo Pardi, Università di Firenze, Italia. marco.masseti@unifi.it
[Ti] Título:The primates of the Western Palaearctic: a biogeographical, historical, and archaeozoological review.
[So] Source:J Anthropol Sci;87:33-91, 2009.
[Is] ISSN:1827-4765
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Western Palaearctic is traditionally regarded as a zoogeographical unit which is lacking in primatological fauna. The representatives of this taxonomic group which has been documented within its boundary can be referred to the genera Macaca, Papio, and Chlorocebus, and possibly also to Erythrocebus and Galago. The data for the present research were collected through a review of all previous knowledge of the primates of this biogeographical region, including their history, and through original sightings and direct observation of field signs. Surveys were carried out directly in North Africa, the peninsula of Gibraltar, and in the Sahara. Additional data on primate distribution were obtained through the examination and evaluation of the materials conserved in several museums. A historical and archaeological investigation was also carried out, appraising both archaeozoological fndings and prehistoric and ancient artistic production, in order to evaluate the importance of the monkeys of the Western Palaearctic in relation to local human activities and needs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Primatas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Animais
Arte/história
Região do Caribe
Erythrocebus
Europa (Continente)
Galago
Geografia
História do Século XV
História do Século XVI
História do Século XVII
História do Século XVIII
História do Século XIX
História do Século XX
História Antiga
História Medieval
Seres Humanos
Literatura/história
Macaca
Oriente Médio
Papio
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:0909
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:090812
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:16244378
[Au] Autor:Divi RL; Leonard SL; Kuo MM; Walker BL; Orozco CC; St Claire MC; Nagashima K; Harbaugh SW; Harbaugh JW; Thamire C; Sable CA; Poirier MC
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, NIH, 37 Convent Drive, Bethesda, MD 20892-4255, USA.
[Ti] Título:Cardiac mitochondrial compromise in 1-yr-old Erythrocebus patas monkeys perinatally-exposed to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors.
[So] Source:Cardiovasc Toxicol;5(3):333-46, 2005.
[Is] ISSN:1530-7905
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hearts from 1-yr-old Erythrocebus patas monkeys were examined after in utero and 6-wk-postbirth exposure to antiretroviral nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs). Protocols were modeled on those given to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1-infected pregnant women. NRTIs were administered daily to the dams for the last 20% or 50% of gestation, and to the infants for 6 wk after birth. Exposures included: no drug (n = 4); Zidovudine, 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT; n = 4); AZT/Lamivudine, (-)-beta-L-2', 3'-Dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (Epivir, 3TC) (n = 4); AZT/Didanosine (Videx, ddI) (n = 4); and Stavudine (Zerit, d4T)/3TC (n = 4). Echocardiograms and clinical chemistry showed no drug-related changes, but the d4T/3TC-exposed fetuses at 6 and 12 mo had increased white cell counts (p < 0.05). At 1 yr of age, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) enzyme activities were similar in heart mitochondria from all groups. Mitochondrial pathology, that included clones of damaged mitochondria (p < 0.05), was found in hearts of all 1-yr drug-exposed infants. Levels of mtDNA were elevated (p < 0.05) in hearts of all NRTI-exposed monkeys in the following order: control < d4T/3TC < AZT < AZT/3TC < AZT/ddI. The clinical status of NRTI-exposed infants, as evidenced by behavior, clinical chemistry, OXPHOS activity and echocardiogram, was normal. However, extensive mitochondrial damage with clusters of similar-appearing damaged heart mitochondria observed by electron microscopy, and an increase in mtDNA quantity, that persisted at 1 yr of age, suggest the potential for cardiotoxicity later in life.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/metabolismo
Inibidores da Transcriptase Reversa/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Recém-Nascidos
Creatina Quinase/sangue
DNA/biossíntese
DNA/genética
DNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo
Ecocardiografia
Eletrocardiografia
Erythrocebus
Feminino
Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
Ácido Láctico/metabolismo
Contagem de Leucócitos
Medições Luminescentes
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
Mitocôndrias Cardíacas/efeitos dos fármacos
Gravidez
Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 0 (Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors); 33X04XA5AT (Lactic Acid); 9007-49-2 (DNA); EC 2.7.3.2 (Creatine Kinase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:0601
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:051026
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:15454335
[Au] Autor:Polk JD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, Urbana 61801, USA. jdpolk@uiuc.edu
[Ti] Título:Influences of limb proportions and body size on locomotor kinematics in terrestrial primates and fossil hominins.
[So] Source:J Hum Evol;47(4):237-52, 2004 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0047-2484
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:During locomotion, mammalian limb postures are influenced by many factors including the animal's limb length and body mass. Polk (2002) compared the gait of similar-sized cercopithecine monkeys that differed limb proportions and found that longer-limbed monkeys usually adopt more extended joint postures than shorter-limbed monkeys in order to moderate their joint moments. Studies of primates as well as non-primate mammals that vary in body mass have demonstrated that larger animals use more extended limb postures than smaller animals. Such extended postures in larger animals increase the extensor muscle mechanical advantage and allow postures to be maintained with relatively less muscular effort (Polk, 2002; Biewener 1989). The results of these previous studies are used here to address two anthropological questions. The first concerns the postural effects of body mass and limb proportion differences between australopithecines and members of the genus Homo. That is, H. erectus and later hominins all have larger body mass and longer legs than australopithecines, and these anatomical differences suggest that Homo probably used more extended postures and probably required relatively less muscular force to resist gravity than the smaller and shorter-limbed australopithecines. The second question investigates how animals with similar size but different limb proportions differ in locomotor performance. The effects of limb proportions on gait are relevant to inferring postural and locomotor differences between Neanderthals and modern Homo sapiens which differ in their crural indices and relative limb length. This study demonstrates that primates with relatively long limbs achieve higher walking speeds while using lower stride frequencies and lower angular excursions than shorter-limbed monkeys, and these kinematic differences may allow longer-limbed taxa to locomote more efficiently than shorter-limbed species of similar mass. Such differences may also have characterized the gait of Homo sapiens in comparison to Neanderthals, but more experimental data on humans that vary in limb proportions are necessary in order to evaluate this question more thoroughly.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Erythrocebus/anatomia & histologia
Extremidades/anatomia & histologia
Fósseis
Hominidae/anatomia & histologia
Locomoção
Papio/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Erythrocebus/fisiologia
Feminino
Masculino
Papio/fisiologia
Postura
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:0501
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:040930
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:12324549
[Au] Autor:Polk JD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, 11 Divinity Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02138, USA. jpolk@fas.harvard.edu
[Ti] Título:Adaptive and phylogenetic influences on musculoskeletal design in cercopithecine primates.
[So] Source:J Exp Biol;205(Pt 21):3399-412, 2002 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0949
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Broad allometric studies of the musculoskeletal system have frequently sought to explain how locomotor variables have been influenced by body mass. To examine animals that vary widely in body mass, these studies have included taxa that differ in their locomotor adaptations and phylogenetic relatedness. Because these sources of diversity could obscure the effects of body mass, this study was designed to test the effects of adaptive differences in limb proportions and phylogeny, as well as body mass, on locomotor kinematics and extensor muscle mechanical advantage. More specifically, two hypotheses were tested in a sample of closely related animals: (i) that, among animals with similar body mass, those with longer limb segments should adopt more extended limb postures to moderate the joint and midshaft bending moments that they experience, and (ii) that body mass will have similar influences on joint posture and joint moments in closely related and diverse mammalian samples. Three-dimensional kinematic and synchronous force-platform data were collected for six individual cercopithecine monkeys ranging in mass from 4kg to 24kg and at a range of walking speeds. Comparisons among three monkeys with similar body mass but different limb segment lengths reveal a significant effect of limb proportion on posture. That is, animals with longer limbs frequently use more extended limb postures and can have correspondingly lower joint moments. The scaling of locomotor variables across the entire sample of closely related monkeys was generally similar to published results for a diverse sample of mammals, with larger monkeys having more extended limb postures, lower joint moments and greater effective mechanical advantage (EMA) for their limb extensor musculature. Ankle EMA, however, did not increase with body mass in the primate sample, suggesting that clade-specific adaptive differences (e.g. the use of arboreal supports by primates) may constrain the effects of body mass.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Cercopithecinae/anatomia & histologia
Sistema Musculoesquelético/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Peso Corporal
Cercopithecinae/fisiologia
Cercopithecus aethiops/anatomia & histologia
Cercopithecus aethiops/fisiologia
Erythrocebus/anatomia & histologia
Erythrocebus/fisiologia
Extremidades/anatomia & histologia
Feminino
Articulações/anatomia & histologia
Articulações/fisiologia
Locomoção
Masculino
Papio/anatomia & histologia
Papio/fisiologia
Postura
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:0305
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131121
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131121
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:020927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:10906279
[Au] Autor:Josyula S; Lu LJ; Salazar JJ; Nerurkar PV; Jones AB; Grady JJ; Snyderwine EG; Anderson LM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, The University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, Texas 77555-1110, USA.
[Ti] Título:DNA adducts of 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) in fetal tissues of patas monkeys after transplacental exposure.
[So] Source:Toxicol Appl Pharmacol;166(3):151-60, 2000 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0041-008X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Transplacental genotoxicity of the heterocyclic amine food-derived mutagen/carcinogen 2-amino-3-methylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoline (IQ) has been investigated by (32)P-postlabeling assay for IQ-DNA adducts in maternal liver, placenta, and several fetal tissues of patas monkeys, after exposure to 15, 35, or 50 mg/kg IQ near the end of gestation or to the highest dose in the first or second trimester. Dose-dependent adduct formation occurred in all tissues, with the highest levels occurring in maternal liver. Adduct amounts were similar among fetal tissues and placenta, except for lower levels in fetal brain and slightly more adducts in fetal liver. Adducts in placenta, fetal liver, lung, kidney, skin, and adrenal gland, but not in maternal liver or fetal brain, increased significantly as gestation progressed. Pretreatment with phenobarbital, which induces CYP enzymes that detoxify IQ, decreased adducts in maternal liver and possibly placenta, but not in fetal tissues. The CYP inducer beta-naphthoflavone caused a significant increase in IQ-DNA adducts in fetal lungs. Regression analysis suggested that IQ activation in maternal and fetal liver and possibly placenta contributed to adduct formation in fetal tissues; adducts in placenta and/or fetal liver were strong predictors for those in most fetal tissues. The results indicate that exposure of pregnant primates to IQ results in DNA adduct formation in most fetal tissues, especially late in gestation; that upregulation of maternal detoxification does not provide fetal protection; and that adducts in placenta indicate adduct levels in fetal tissues.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Carcinógenos/metabolismo
Feto/metabolismo
Troca Materno-Fetal
Mutagênicos/metabolismo
Placenta/metabolismo
Quinolinas/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/fisiologia
Adutos de DNA
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Erythrocebus
Feminino
Feto/efeitos dos fármacos
Fígado/metabolismo
Especificidade de Órgãos
Fenobarbital/farmacologia
Gravidez
beta-Naftoflavona/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carcinogens); 0 (DNA Adducts); 0 (Mutagens); 0 (Quinolines); 30GL3D3T0G (2-amino-3-methylimidazo(4,5-f)quinoline); 6051-87-2 (beta-Naphthoflavone); 9035-51-2 (Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System); YQE403BP4D (Phenobarbital)
[Em] Mês de entrada:0008
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:000725
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:10357784
[Au] Autor:Chhabra SK; Reed CD; Anderson LM; Shiao YH
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Comparative Carcinogenesis, Division of Basic Sciences, National Cancer Institute, Frederick Cancer Research and Development Center, Frederick, MD 21702, USA.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of the polymorphic regions of the cytochrome P450 CYP2E1 gene of humans and patas and cynomolgus monkeys.
[So] Source:Carcinogenesis;20(6):1031-4, 1999 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:0143-3334
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) metabolizes low molecular weight toxicants. CYP2E1 gene polymorphisms have been linked to risk of various cancers and liver disease in humans. Since the patas monkey is a promising model for study of cancer-related alcohol/nitrosamine interactions, we examined CYP2E1 in this monkey for characteristics of two regions that are polymorphic in humans, an RsaI site in the 5' promoter region and a DraI site in intron 6. Another monkey species often used in biomedical research, the cynomolgus monkey, was also examined. Human DNA primers used to amplify a 413 bp segment around the RsaI site also amplified a segment of similar size (409 bp) from DNA of 25 patas monkeys, whereas a product of approximately 800 bp was amplified from DNA of eight cynomolgus monkeys. RsaI did not cut the amplified DNA product from either monkey species. Sequencing revealed that the patas RsaI site was identical to that in humans with the c2c2 CYP2E1 genotype, GTAT. The equivalent cynomolgus sequence, CTAC, has not been observed in humans. Thus, the patas monkey appears to be a useful model for CYP2E1 c2c2 humans, and this genotype, present in 2-25% of humans, may be more primitive than c1c1. For the DraI site, the human primers amplified DNA products similar in size to those from humans, from all patas and cynomolgus monkey DNA samples; none were cut by DraI. Thus, both monkey species appeared to be generally similar to humans of CYP2E1 CC DraI genotype, which is the rarer form of the gene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Citocromo P-450 CYP2E1/genética
Polimorfismo Genético
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sequência de Bases
DNA
Erythrocebus
Seres Humanos
Macaca fascicularis
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Regiões Promotoras Genéticas
Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9007-49-2 (DNA); EC 1.14.13.- (Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:9907
[Cu] Atualização por classe:141120
[Lr] Data última revisão:
141120
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:990605
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:10333429
[Au] Autor:Isbell LA; Pruetz JD; Nzuma BM; Young TP
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis 95616, USA.
[Ti] Título:Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: methodological considerations and socioecological implications.
[So] Source:Am J Primatol;48(2):87-98, 1999.
[Is] ISSN:0275-2565
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Travel costs can influence numerous aspects of the lives of primates, including net energy balance (and therefore reproductive success of females) and maximum group size. Despite their potential impact, there has been no systematic comparison of different measures of travel distance. We compared three measures of travel distance in 30 min (actual distance of individuals, straight-line distance of individuals, and straight-line distance of groups) and their ratios in a small group and a large group of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) and between the large group of vervets and a group of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) of roughly similar size. The large group of vervets traveled farther than the small group regardless of the measure used, but the ratios of the different measures were not significantly different between those groups. Patas monkeys traveled significantly farther than the large group of vervets regardless of the measure used. In both vervets and patas, straight-line distances of individuals (ISLD) and groups (GSLD) underestimated actual distances traveled by individuals (IAD), but the degree to which they did so differed between species. IAD is more accurate than the other two measures and is preferred for studies of energetics and individual reproductive success, although ISLD or GSLD may be substituted when the ratios of IAD/ISLD or IAD/GSLD do not differ between groups or species. The ratio of IAD/ISLD was larger in vervets than in patas, suggesting that individual vervets meander more over short periods of time than patas. The ratio of ISLD/GSLD was larger in patas than in vervets, suggesting that patas move at angles or across the group's center-of-mass whereas vervets move more consistently along with others in their group. This has implications for the formation of spatial subgroups and alliances within groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cercopithecus/fisiologia
Metabolismo Energético
Erythrocebus/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Locomoção
Masculino
Reprodução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:9906
[Cu] Atualização por classe:071114
[Lr] Data última revisão:
071114
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:990520
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:9375370
[Au] Autor:Watanabe Y; Sakazume T; Kurosaki K; Oota H; Washio-Watanabe K; Ueda S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Título:No directionality of short tandem repeat evolution at the HPRT locus in catarrhine primates.
[So] Source:Folia Primatol (Basel);68(6):350-3, 1997.
[Is] ISSN:0015-5713
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cercopithecidae/genética
Evolução Molecular
Hipoxantina Fosforribosiltransferase/genética
Sequências Repetitivas de Ácido Nucleico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sequência de Bases
Cercopithecus/genética
Erythrocebus/genética
Hylobates/genética
Macaca/genética
Repetições de Microssatélites
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Pan troglodytes/genética
Papio/genética
Polimorfismo Genético
Pongo pygmaeus/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 2.4.2.8 (Hypoxanthine Phosphoribosyltransferase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:9712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:061115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
061115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:970101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:9375369
[Au] Autor:Paul A
[Ad] Endereço:Institut für Anthropologie, Universität Göttingen, Deutschland.
[Ti] Título:Breeding seasonality affects the association between dominance and reproductive success in non-human male primates.
[So] Source:Folia Primatol (Basel);68(6):344-9, 1997.
[Is] ISSN:0015-5713
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Primatas/fisiologia
Primatas/psicologia
Reprodução/fisiologia
Predomínio Social
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alouatta/fisiologia
Alouatta/psicologia
Animais
Erythrocebus/fisiologia
Erythrocebus/psicologia
Lemur/fisiologia
Lemur/psicologia
Macaca/fisiologia
Macaca/psicologia
Masculino
Papio/fisiologia
Papio/psicologia
Estações do Ano
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:9712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:061115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
061115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:970101
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 11 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:8225118
[Au] Autor:Benefit BR; McCrossin ML
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale 62901.
[Ti] Título:The lacrimal fossa of cercopithecoidea, with special reference to cladistic analysis of Old World monkey relationships.
[So] Source:Folia Primatol (Basel);60(3):133-45, 1993.
[Is] ISSN:0015-5713
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Re-examination of lacrimal fossa patterns in extant cercopithecoids indicates that the last common ancestor of Cercopithecini and Papionini, and hence of Cercopithecinae, probably retained a maxillary contribution to the lacrimal fossa, as did the common ancestor of Colobinae. Consequently, the presence of a maxilla-lacrimal fossa cannot be used to assess the subfamily affinity of Old World monkeys. In addition to being correlated with general facial lengthening, the derived, exclusively lacrimal pattern of Erythrocebus, Mandrillus, Papio, Theropithecus and some (but not all) guenons, macaques and mangabeys may be associated with extreme narrowing of the interorbital septum. Moreover, the derived condition may have evolved in response to independent exploitation of open country habitats as it enhances protection of the lacrimal sac and serves to reduce eye infection in terrestrial species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cercopithecidae/anatomia & histologia
Cercopithecidae/classificação
Aparelho Lacrimal/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Erythrocebus/anatomia & histologia
Maxila/anatomia & histologia
Papio/anatomia & histologia
Theropithecus/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:9312
[Cu] Atualização por classe:061115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
061115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:930101
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 2 ir para página        
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde