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  1 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446560
[Au] Autor:Hosfield R; Cole J; McNabb J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Archaeology, School of Archaeology, Geography & Environmental Science, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, RG6 6AB, UK.
[Ti] Título:Less of a bird's song than a hard rock ensemble.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):9-20, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Corbey et al. (2016) propose that the Acheulean handaxe was, at least in part, under genetic control. An alternative perspective is offered here, focusing on the nature of the Acheulean handaxe and the archaeological record, and re-emphasizing their status as cultural artefacts. This is based on four main arguments challenging the proposals of Corbey et al. Firstly, handaxes do not have to track environmental variation to be a cultural artefact, given their role as a hand-held butchery knife or multi-purpose tool. Secondly, while handaxe shapes do cluster around a basic bauplan, there is also significant variability in the Acheulean handaxe record, characterized by site-specific modal forms and locally expressed, short-lived, idiosyncratic traits. Critically, this variability occurs in both time and space, is multi-scalar, and does not appear to be under genetic control. Thirdly, handaxes were produced in social contexts, within which their makers grew up exposed to the sights and sounds of artefact manufacture. Finally, the localized absences of handaxes at different times and places in the Lower Paleolithic world is suggestive of active behavioral choices and population dynamics rather than genetic controls.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hominidae/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Animais
Arqueologia
Europa (Continente)
Feminino
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21551


  2 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446559
[Au] Autor:Wynn T; Gowlett J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Center for Cognitive Archaeology, University of Colorado.
[Ti] Título:The handaxe reconsidered.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):21-29, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Acheulean handaxe is one of the longest-known and longest-surviving artifacts of the Palaeolithic and, despite its experimentally tested functionality, is often regarded as puzzling. It is unnecessary to invoke a unique-for-mammals genetic mechanism to explain the handaxe phenomenon. Instead, we propose that two nongenetic processes are sufficient. The first is a set of ergonomic design principles linked to the production of sturdy, hand-held cutting tools in the context of a knapped-stone technology that lacked hafting. The second is an esthetic preference for regular forms with gradual curves and pleasing proportions. Neither process is a cultural meme but, operating together in a cultural context, they can account for all of the supposedly puzzling time-space patterns presented by handaxes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ergonomia/história
Estética/história
Hominidae/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arqueologia
História Antiga
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21552


  3 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29380889
[Au] Autor:Villmoare B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Box 455003, 4505 S. Maryland Pkwy, Las Vegas, Nevada, 89154-5003.
[Ti] Título:Early Homo and the role of the genus in paleoanthropology.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165 Suppl 65:72-89, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The history of the discovery of early fossils attributed to the genus Homo has been contentious, with scholars disagreeing over the generic assignment of fossils proposed as members of our genus. In this manuscript I review the history of discovery and debate over early Homo and evaluate the various taxonomic hypotheses for the genus. To get a sense of how hominin taxonomy compares to taxonomic practice outside paleoanthropology, I compare the diversity of Homo to genera in other vertebrate clades. Finally, I propose a taxonomic model that hews closely to current models for hominin phylogeny and is consistent with taxonomic practice across evolutionary biology.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hominidae/classificação
Paleontologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Feminino
Fósseis
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23387


  4 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29380884
[Au] Autor:Smith SL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Texas at Arlington, Arlington, Texas.
[Ti] Título:Single (sub)species then and now: An examination of the nonracial perspective of C. Loring Brace.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;165 Suppl 65:104-125, 2018 01.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:C. Loring Brace's writings on the concept of race have been among the most influential within anthropology. A review of the development of Brace's perspective on race shows that his philosophical approaches to fossil and modern human variation are consistent and integrated. Brace's views on race are compared with those of Ashley Montagu and Frank Livingstone, who also proposed eliminating "race" from anthropology, and with those of Stanley Garn and Alice Brues, who accepted "racial" subdivisions of humans. Carleton Coon's writings are more divergent; the aftermath of the publication of his Origin of Races highlights significant political tensions of the 1960s that intersected with scientific changes in anthropology emanating from the Evolutionary Synthesis. Recent forensic and "no race" positions are compared to explore their differences and the possibility of reconciliation, and the role of Brace and others in combating proposals of intellectual differences among human groups is discussed. While a spectrum of anthropological opinion regarding race exists, the commonalities are sufficient to allow valuable, united commentary emphasizing the complexity of modern human cultural and biological variation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia Física
Grupos de Populações Continentais
Variação Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Hominidae
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23385


  5 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28464269
[Au] Autor:Cameron N; Bogin B; Bolter D; Berger LR
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Global Health and Human Development, School of Sport, Exercise and Health Sciences, Loughborough University, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:The postcranial skeletal maturation of Australopithecus sediba.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;163(3):633-640, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: In 2008, an immature hominin defined as the holotype of the new species Australopithecus sediba was discovered at the 1.9 million year old Malapa site in South Africa. The specimen (MH1) includes substantial post-cranial skeletal material, and provides a unique opportunity to assess its skeletal maturation. METHODS: Skeletal maturity indicators observed on the proximal and distal humerus, proximal ulna, distal radius, third metacarpal, ilium and ischium, proximal femur and calcaneus were used to assess the maturity of each bone in comparison to references for modern humans and for wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes). RESULTS: In comparison to humans the skeletal maturational ages for Au. sediba correspond to between 12.0 years and 15.0 years with a mean (SD) age of 13.1 (1.1) years. In comparison to the maturational pattern of chimpanzees the Au. sediba indicators suggest a skeletal maturational age of 9-11 years. Based on either of these skeletal maturity estimates and the body length at death of MH1, an adult height of 150-156 cm is predicted. DISCUSSION: We conclude that the skeletal remains of MH1 are consistent with an ape-like pattern of maturity when dental age estimates are also taken into consideration. This maturity schedule in australopiths is consistent with ape-like estimates of age at death for the Nariokotome Homo erectus remains (KMN-WT 15000), which are of similar postcranial immaturity to MH1. The findings suggest that humans may have distinctive and delayed post-cranial schedules from australopiths and H. erectus, implicating a recent evolution of somatic and possibly life history strategies in human evolution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Fósseis
Hominidae/anatomia & histologia
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antropologia Física
Hominidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Crânio/crescimento & desenvolvimento
África do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23234


  6 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29370188
[Au] Autor:Mosquera M; Ollé A; Rodríguez-Álvarez XP; Carbonell E
[Ad] Endereço:Àrea de Prehistòria, Universitat Rovira i Virgili (URV), Avinguda de Catalunya 35, Tarragona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Shedding light on the Early Pleistocene of TD6 (Gran Dolina, Atapuerca, Spain): The technological sequence and occupational inferences.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190889, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper aims to update the information available on the lithic assemblage from the entire sequence of TD6 now that the most recent excavations have been completed, and to explore possible changes in both occupational patterns and technological strategies evidenced in the unit. This is the first study to analyse the entire TD6 sequence, including subunits TD6.3 and TD6.1, which have never been studied, along with the better-known TD6.2 Homo antecessor-bearing subunit. We also present an analysis of several lithic refits found in TD6, as well as certain technical features that may help characterise the hominin occupations. The archaeo-palaeontological record from TD6 consists of 9,452 faunal remains, 443 coprolites, 1,046 lithic pieces, 170 hominin remains and 91 Celtis seeds. The characteristics of this record seem to indicate two main stages of occupation. In the oldest subunit, TD6.3, the lithic assemblage points to the light and limited hominin occupation of the cave, which does, however, grow over the course of the level. In contrast, the lithic assemblages from TD6.2 and TD6.1 are rich and varied, which may reflect Gran Dolina cave's establishment as a landmark in the region. Despite the occupational differences between the lowermost subunit and the rest of the deposit, technologically the TD6 lithic assemblage is extremely homogeneous throughout. In addition, the composition and spatial distribution of the 12 groups of lithic refits found in unit TD6, as well as the in situ nature of the assemblage demonstrate the high degree of preservation at the site. This may help clarify the nature of the Early Pleistocene hominin occupations of TD6, and raise reasonable doubt about the latest interpretations that support the ex situ character of the assemblage as a whole.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hominidae
Paleontologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Arqueologia
Evolução Biológica
Fósseis/história
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Espanha
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190889


  7 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29371454
[Au] Autor:Stringer C; Galway-Witham J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Earth Sciences, Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK. c.stringer@nhm.ac.uk j.galway-witham@nhm.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:When did modern humans leave Africa?
[So] Source:Science;359(6374):389-390, 2018 01 26.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Hominidae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Animais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180129
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180129
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180127
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aas8954


  8 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28450384
[Au] Autor:Slon V; Hopfe C; Weiß CL; Mafessoni F; de la Rasilla M; Lalueza-Fox C; Rosas A; Soressi M; Knul MV; Miller R; Stewart JR; Derevianko AP; Jacobs Z; Li B; Roberts RG; Shunkov MV; de Lumley H; Perrenoud C; Gusic I; Kucan Z; Rudan P; Aximu-Petri A; Essel E; Nagel S; Nickel B; Schmidt A; Prüfer K; Kelso J; Burbano HA; Pääbo S; Meyer M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany. viviane_slon@eva.mpg.de mmeyer@eva.mpg.de.
[Ti] Título:Neandertal and Denisovan DNA from Pleistocene sediments.
[So] Source:Science;356(6338):605-608, 2017 05 12.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although a rich record of Pleistocene human-associated archaeological assemblages exists, the scarcity of hominin fossils often impedes the understanding of which hominins occupied a site. Using targeted enrichment of mitochondrial DNA, we show that cave sediments represent a rich source of ancient mammalian DNA that often includes traces of hominin DNA, even at sites and in layers where no hominin remains have been discovered. By automation-assisted screening of numerous sediment samples, we detected Neandertal DNA in eight archaeological layers from four caves in Eurasia. In Denisova Cave, we retrieved Denisovan DNA in a Middle Pleistocene layer near the bottom of the stratigraphy. Our work opens the possibility of detecting the presence of hominin groups at sites and in areas where no skeletal remains are found.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Antigo/isolamento & purificação
DNA Mitocondrial/isolamento & purificação
Hominidae/classificação
Hominidae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cavernas
DNA Antigo/análise
DNA Mitocondrial/análise
Europa (Continente)
Fósseis
Sedimentos Geológicos/química
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ancient); 0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.aam9695


  9 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29265662
[Au] Autor:Lozano M; Estalrrich A; Bondioli L; Fiore I; Bermúdez de Castro JM; Arsuaga JL; Carbonell E; Rosas A; Frayer DW
[Ad] Endereço:Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES) and University Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Right-handed fossil humans.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;26(6):313-324, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fossil hominids often processed material held between their upper and lower teeth. Pulling with one hand and cutting with the other, they occasionally left impact cut marks on the lip (labial) surface of their incisors and canines. From these actions, it possible to determine the dominant hand used. The frequency of these oblique striations in an array of fossil hominins documents the typically modern pattern of 9 right- to 1 left-hander. This ratio among living Homo sapiens differs from that among chimpanzees and bonobos and more distant primate relatives. Together, all studies of living people affirm that dominant right-handedness is a uniquely modern human trait. The same pattern extends deep into our past. Thus far, the majority of inferred right-handed fossils come from Europe, but a single maxilla from a Homo habilis, OH-65, shows a predominance of right oblique scratches, thus extending right-handedness into the early Pleistocene of Africa. Other studies show right-handedness in more recent African, Chinese, and Levantine fossils, but the sample compiled for non-European fossil specimens remains small. Fossil specimens from Sima del los Huesos and a variety of European Neandertal sites are predominately right-handed. We argue the 9:1 handedness ratio in Neandertals and the earlier inhabitants of Europe constitutes evidence for a modern pattern of handedness well before the appearance of modern Homo sapiens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fósseis
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Homem de Neandertal/fisiologia
Dente/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Antropologia Física
Criança
Feminino
Hominidae/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tecnologia
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21554


  10 / 7136 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211749
[Au] Autor:Schmidt P; Spinelli Sanchez O; Kind CJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Stone heat treatment in the Early Mesolithic of southwestern Germany: Interpretation and identification.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0188576, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Early Mesolithic of southwestern Germany, the so-called Beuronian (9600-7100 BC), is a period of important transformations in the way people lived, in their subsistence and in the stone tools they produced. One of the perhaps most spectacular re-inventions of that time is heat treatment of stones prior to their manufacture into tools. Although heat treatment has been understood as one of the defining characteristics of the Beuronian of southwestern Germany, and although its existence has been known for almost 30 years now, relatively few systematic studies on it are available. In this paper, we present such a study, aiming to shed light on two questions: (1) what technique and heating parameters were used in the Beuronian and (2) how reliable are the macroscopic proxies traditionally used to identify heat treatment in this context? We investigate these questions using a non-destructive archaeometric technique for measuring past heating temperatures of heat-treated stones and a quantitative surface roughness analysis aiming to understand the relations between surface aspect and heat treatment. These methods are applied to 46 Jurassic chert artefacts from the site Helga-Abri located in the Swabian Alb region of southwestern Germany. Our results document that an opportunistic low-investment procedure was used to heat stone, probably relying on the use of the above-ground part of regular camp-fires. We also found that the traditionally used macroscopic criteria, such as colour and surface gloss, cannot be unambiguously used to identify heat treatment in assemblages made from Jurassic chert. These findings have important implications for our understanding of the Beuronian lithic chaîne opératoire in terms of the investment in time and resources necessary, and for the refinement of archaeological techniques used to identify heat treatment in the Mesolithic of the Swabian Alb.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arqueologia
Fósseis
Temperatura Alta
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Alemanha
Hominidae
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171229
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171229
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0188576



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