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  1 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446556
[Au] Autor:O'Driscoll CA; Thompson JC
[Ad] Endereço:School of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Wollongong, Wollongong, NSW, Australia.
[Ti] Título:The origins and early elaboration of projectile technology.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;27(1):30-45, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The ability of Homo sapiens to kill prey at a distance is arguably one of the catalysts for our current ecological dominance. Many researchers have suggested its origins lie in the African Middle Stone Age or the European Middle Palaeolithic (∼300-30 thousand years ago), but the perishable components of armatures rarely preserve. Most research on this subject therefore emphasises analysis of armature tip size, shape, and diagnostic impacts or residues. Other lines of evidence have included human skeletal anatomy or analyses of the species composition of faunal assemblages. Projectile Impact Marks (PIMs) on archaeofaunal remains offer an ideal complement to this work, but their potential has been restricted mainly to the later Eurasian zooarchaeological record. A review of current evidence and approaches shows that systematic PIM research could add much to our understanding of early projectile technology, especially in Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Homem de Neandertal/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
Tecnologia/história
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Osso e Ossos/patologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21560


  2 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351319
[Au] Autor:Cataldo DM; Migliano AB; Vinicius L
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Speech, stone tool-making and the evolution of language.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191071, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The 'technological hypothesis' proposes that gestural language evolved in early hominins to enable the cultural transmission of stone tool-making skills, with speech appearing later in response to the complex lithic industries of more recent hominins. However, no flintknapping study has assessed the efficiency of speech alone (unassisted by gesture) as a tool-making transmission aid. Here we show that subjects instructed by speech alone underperform in stone tool-making experiments in comparison to subjects instructed through either gesture alone or 'full language' (gesture plus speech), and also report lower satisfaction with their received instruction. The results provide evidence that gesture was likely to be selected over speech as a teaching aid in the earliest hominin tool-makers; that speech could not have replaced gesturing as a tool-making teaching aid in later hominins, possibly explaining the functional retention of gesturing in the full language of modern humans; and that speech may have evolved for reasons unrelated to tool-making. We conclude that speech is unlikely to have evolved as tool-making teaching aid superior to gesture, as claimed by the technological hypothesis, and therefore alternative views should be considered. For example, gestural language may have evolved to enable tool-making in earlier hominins, while speech may have later emerged as a response to increased trade and more complex inter- and intra-group interactions in Middle Pleistocene ancestors of Neanderthals and Homo sapiens; or gesture and speech may have evolved in parallel rather than in sequence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antropologia
Linguagem
Fala
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Homem de Neandertal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191071


  3 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29216284
[Au] Autor:Falcucci A; Conard NJ; Peresani M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Early Prehistory and Quaternary Ecology, University of Tübingen, Schloss Hohentübingen, Tübingen, Germany.
[Ti] Título:A critical assessment of the Protoaurignacian lithic technology at Fumane Cave and its implications for the definition of the earliest Aurignacian.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189241, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the scenario of the spread of the anatomically modern humans (AMHs) into Europe, the techno-complex known as Protoaurignacian is defined by the production of blades and bladelets within a single and continuous stone knapping sequence from the same core as the result of its progressive reduction. However, the growing re-evaluation of some assemblages is revealing that bladelets are frequently obtained from independent reduction sequences, hence discouraging the direct application of the model developed in southwestern France. High-resolution regional signatures are thus needed to reconstruct a more accurate portrait of the AMH colonization dynamic. Northeastern Italy, with the key site of Fumane Cave, is one among the regions of Mediterranean Europe worthy of consideration for reconstructing this colonization process and its cultural dynamics. Within the framework of a critical discussion of the technological definition of the Protoaurignacian and its relationship with contemporaneous industries on a regional and supra-regional scale, we present the results of a detailed analysis of the lithic technology from units A2-A1 based on reduction sequence and attribute analyses. Results show that bladelets are the first goal of production and they do not originate from reduced blade cores but from a broad range of independent and simultaneous core reduction strategies. One implication is that the most commonly used technological trait that is said to define the Protoaurignacian has been over-emphasized and that the Protoaurignacian is technologically consistent across its geographical extent. Additional data based on carinated core technology imply that this techno-complex shares a common technological background with the Early Aurignacian and that no features are restricted to one of the two facies. Furthermore, the major difference between the Protoaurignacian and Early Aurignacian appears to be more typological in nature, with retouched bladelets being less common in the Early Aurignacian.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Geologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
França
História Antiga
Itália
Homem de Neandertal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189241


  4 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29265662
[Au] Autor:Lozano M; Estalrrich A; Bondioli L; Fiore I; Bermúdez de Castro JM; Arsuaga JL; Carbonell E; Rosas A; Frayer DW
[Ad] Endereço:Institut Català de Paleoecologia Humana i Evolució Social (IPHES) and University Rovira i Virgili (URV), Tarragona, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Right-handed fossil humans.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;26(6):313-324, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fossil hominids often processed material held between their upper and lower teeth. Pulling with one hand and cutting with the other, they occasionally left impact cut marks on the lip (labial) surface of their incisors and canines. From these actions, it possible to determine the dominant hand used. The frequency of these oblique striations in an array of fossil hominins documents the typically modern pattern of 9 right- to 1 left-hander. This ratio among living Homo sapiens differs from that among chimpanzees and bonobos and more distant primate relatives. Together, all studies of living people affirm that dominant right-handedness is a uniquely modern human trait. The same pattern extends deep into our past. Thus far, the majority of inferred right-handed fossils come from Europe, but a single maxilla from a Homo habilis, OH-65, shows a predominance of right oblique scratches, thus extending right-handedness into the early Pleistocene of Africa. Other studies show right-handedness in more recent African, Chinese, and Levantine fossils, but the sample compiled for non-European fossil specimens remains small. Fossil specimens from Sima del los Huesos and a variety of European Neandertal sites are predominately right-handed. We argue the 9:1 handedness ratio in Neandertals and the earlier inhabitants of Europe constitutes evidence for a modern pattern of handedness well before the appearance of modern Homo sapiens.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fósseis
Lateralidade Funcional/fisiologia
Homem de Neandertal/fisiologia
Dente/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Animais
Antropologia Física
Criança
Feminino
Hominidae/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Tecnologia
Comportamento de Utilização de Ferramentas
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21554


  5 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28450591
[Au] Autor:Wade L
[Ti] Título:DNA from cave soil reveals ancient human occupants.
[So] Source:Science;356(6336):363, 2017 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cavernas
DNA Antigo/isolamento & purificação
Homem de Neandertal/genética
Paleontologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sedimentos Geológicos/química
Seres Humanos
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Solo/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ancient); 0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.356.6336.363


  6 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29053746
[Au] Autor:Trinkaus E; Villotte S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Washington University, Saint Louis, Missouri, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:External auditory exostoses and hearing loss in the Shanidar 1 Neandertal.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186684, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Late Pleistocene Shanidar 1 older adult male Neandertal is known for the crushing fracture of his left orbit with a probable reduction in vision, the loss of his right forearm and hand, and evidence of an abnormal gait, as well as probable diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis. He also exhibits advanced external auditory exostoses in his left auditory meatus and larger ones with complete bridging across the porus in the right meatus (both Grade 3). These growths indicate at least unilateral conductive hearing (CHL) loss, a serious sensory deprivation for a Pleistocene hunter-gatherer. This condition joins the meatal atresia of the Middle Pleistocene Atapuerca-SH Cr.4 in providing evidence of survival with conductive hearing loss (and hence serious sensory deprivation) among these Pleistocene humans. The presence of CHL in these fossils thereby reinforces the paleobiological and archeological evidence for supporting social matrices among these Pleistocene foraging peoples.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Orelha Externa
Exostose
Fósseis
Perda Auditiva Condutiva
Hominidae
Homem de Neandertal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171021
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186684


  7 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28985494
[Au] Autor:Dannemann M; Kelso J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary Genetics, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig 04103, Germany.
[Ti] Título:The Contribution of Neanderthals to Phenotypic Variation in Modern Humans.
[So] Source:Am J Hum Genet;101(4):578-589, 2017 Oct 05.
[Is] ISSN:1537-6605
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Assessing the genetic contribution of Neanderthals to non-disease phenotypes in modern humans has been difficult because of the absence of large cohorts for which common phenotype information is available. Using baseline phenotypes collected for 112,000 individuals by the UK Biobank, we can now elaborate on previous findings that identified associations between signatures of positive selection on Neanderthal DNA and various modern human traits but not any specific phenotypic consequences. Here, we show that Neanderthal DNA affects skin tone and hair color, height, sleeping patterns, mood, and smoking status in present-day Europeans. Interestingly, multiple Neanderthal alleles at different loci contribute to skin and hair color in present-day Europeans, and these Neanderthal alleles contribute to both lighter and darker skin tones and hair color, suggesting that Neanderthals themselves were most likely variable in these traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/genética
Homem de Neandertal/genética
Fenótipo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos de Coortes
Frequência do Gene
Genoma Humano
Cor de Cabelo
Haplótipos
Seres Humanos
Desequilíbrio de Ligação
Filogenia
Pigmentação da Pele
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171007
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28902892
[Au] Autor:Zanolli C; Hourset M; Esclassan R; Mollereau C
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratoire d'Anthropologie Moléculaire et Imagerie de Synthèse (AMIS), UMR5288 CNRS - Université de Toulouse, Toulouse, France.
[Ti] Título:Neanderthal and Denisova tooth protein variants in present-day humans.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0183802, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Environment parameters, diet and genetic factors interact to shape tooth morphostructure. In the human lineage, archaic and modern hominins show differences in dental traits, including enamel thickness, but variability also exists among living populations. Several polymorphisms, in particular in the non-collagenous extracellular matrix proteins of the tooth hard tissues, like enamelin, are involved in dental structure variation and defects and may be associated with dental disorders or susceptibility to caries. To gain insights into the relationships between tooth protein polymorphisms and dental structural morphology and defects, we searched for non-synonymous polymorphisms in tooth proteins from Neanderthal and Denisova hominins. The objective was to identify archaic-specific missense variants that may explain the dental morphostructural variability between extinct and modern humans, and to explore their putative impact on present-day dental phenotypes. Thirteen non-collagenous extracellular matrix proteins specific to hard dental tissues have been selected, searched in the publicly available sequence databases of Neanderthal and Denisova individuals and compared with modern human genome data. A total of 16 non-synonymous polymorphisms were identified in 6 proteins (ameloblastin, amelotin, cementum protein 1, dentin matrix acidic phosphoprotein 1, enamelin and matrix Gla protein). Most of them are encoded by dentin and enamel genes located on chromosome 4, previously reported to show signs of archaic introgression within Africa. Among the variants shared with modern humans, two are ancestral (common with apes) and one is the derived enamelin major variant, T648I (rs7671281), associated with a thinner enamel and specific to the Homo lineage. All the others are specific to Neanderthals and Denisova, and are found at a very low frequency in modern Africans or East and South Asians, suggesting that they may be related to particular dental traits or disease susceptibility in these populations. This modern regional distribution of archaic dental polymorphisms may reflect persistence of archaic variants in some populations and may contribute in part to the geographic dental variations described in modern humans.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário/genética
Hominidae
Homem de Neandertal
Polimorfismo Genético
Dente/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Esmalte Dentário/anatomia & histologia
Esmalte Dentário/metabolismo
Proteínas do Esmalte Dentário/metabolismo
Fósseis
Frequência do Gene
Genoma Humano
Geografia
Hominidae/genética
Hominidae/metabolismo
Seres Humanos
Homem de Neandertal/genética
Homem de Neandertal/metabolismo
Tamanho do Órgão
Filogenia
Seleção Genética
Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos
Dente/anatomia & histologia
Dente/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dental Enamel Proteins); 0 (tuftelin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170914
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0183802


  9 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28890534
[Au] Autor:Marciniak S; Perry GH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA.
[Ti] Título:Harnessing ancient genomes to study the history of human adaptation.
[So] Source:Nat Rev Genet;18(11):659-674, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1471-0064
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The past several years have witnessed an explosion of successful ancient human genome-sequencing projects, with genomic-scale ancient DNA data sets now available for more than 1,100 ancient human and archaic hominin (for example, Neandertal) individuals. Recent 'evolution in action' analyses have started using these data sets to identify and track the spatiotemporal trajectories of genetic variants associated with human adaptations to novel and changing environments, agricultural lifestyles, and introduced or co-evolving pathogens. Together with evidence of adaptive introgression of genetic variants from archaic hominins to humans and emerging ancient genome data sets for domesticated animals and plants, these studies provide novel insights into human evolution and the evolutionary consequences of human behaviour that go well beyond those that can be obtained from modern genomic data or the fossil and archaeological records alone.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Evolução Biológica
Genoma Humano
Seres Humanos/genética
Homem de Neandertal/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170912
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nrg.2017.65


  10 / 445 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28815959
[Au] Autor:Bermúdez de Castro JM; Martinón-Torres M; Arsuaga JL; Carbonell E
[Ad] Endereço:Centro Nacional de Investigación sobre la Evolución Humana (CENIEH), Paseo de la Sierra de Atapuerca 3, 09002, Burgos, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Twentieth anniversary of Homo antecessor (1997-2017): a review.
[So] Source:Evol Anthropol;26(4):157-171, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6505
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:It has been twenty years since diagnosis and publication of the species Homo antecessor. Since then, new human fossils recovered from the TD6 level of the Gran Dolina site (Sierra de Atapuerca, northern Spain) have helped to refine its taxonomic and phylogenetic position. In this paper, we present a synthesis of the most characteristic features of this species, as well as our interpretation derived from the latest investigations. We focus on the phylogenetic interpretation of Homo antecessor, taking into account the most recent paleogenetic analyses and a reassessment of the European Middle Pleistocene hominin record. We try to show that, twenty years after its publication, H. antecessor provides a good opportunity to address the morphology of the last common ancestor of Neandertals and modern humans.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Fósseis
Hominidae/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antropologia Física
Seres Humanos
Homem de Neandertal
Espanha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170818
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/evan.21540



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