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  1 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28910395
[Au] Autor:Zhong Z; Tian Y; Li W; Huang X; Deng L; Cao S; Geng Y; Fu H; Shen L; Liu H; Peng G
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Animal Disease and Human Health of Sichuan Province, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, P.R. China.
[Ti] Título:Multilocus genotyping of Giardia duodenalis in captive non-human primates in Sichuan and Guizhou provinces, Southwestern China.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184913, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Giardia duodenalis is a common human and animal pathogen. It has been increasingly reported in wild and captive non-human primates (NHPs) in recent years. However, multilocus genotyping information for G. duodenalis infecting NHPs in southwestern China is limited. In the present study, the prevalence and multilocus genotypes (MLGs) of G. duodenalis in captive NHPs in southwestern China were determined. We examined 207 fecal samples from NHPs in Sichuan and Guizhou provinces, and 16 specimens were positive for G. duodenalis. The overall infection rate was 7.7%, and only assemblage B was identified. G. duodenalis was detect positive in northern white-cheeked gibbon (14/36, 38.9%), crab-eating macaque (1/60, 1.7%) and rhesus macaques (1/101, 0.9%). Multilocus sequence typing based on beta-giardin (bg), triose phosphate isomerase (tpi) and glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) revealed nine different assemblage B MLGs (five known genotypes and four novel genotypes). Based on a phylogenetic analysis, one potentially zoonotic genotype of MLG SW7 was identified in a northern white-cheeked gibbon. A high degree of genetic diversity within assemblage B was observed in captive northern white-cheeked gibbons in Southwestern China, including a potentially zoonotic genotype, MLG SW7. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report using a MLGs approach to identify G. duodenalis in captive NHPs in Southwestern China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Giardia lamblia/genética
Giardíase/epidemiologia
Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus/métodos
Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
Fezes/parasitologia
Técnicas de Genotipagem
Giardia lamblia/isolamento & purificação
Giardíase/veterinária
Seres Humanos
Hylobates/parasitologia
Macaca/parasitologia
Macaca mulatta/parasitologia
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171012
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171012
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170915
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184913


  2 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28726303
[Au] Autor:Asensio N; José-Domínguez JM; Kongrit C; Brockelman WY
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Environment and Resource Studies, Mahidol University, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom, 73170, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:The ecology of white-handed and pileated gibbons in a zone of overlap and hybridization in Thailand.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;163(4):716-728, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: The study of related species in contact zones can elucidate what factors mediate species coexistence and geographical distributions. We investigated niche overlap and group interactions of two gibbon species and their hybrids co-occurring in a zone of overlap and hybridization. METHODS: The location, composition and behavior of white-handed, pileated, and mixed-species gibbon groups were studied by following them during 31 consecutive months in a relatively large part of the contact zone. RESULTS: Twenty groups of white-handed gibbon were mapped followed by nine groups of pileated gibbons and five mixed-species groups. White-handed, pileated and mixed-species groups had similar sizes and composition, ate a high proportion of fruits, shared a large number of species in their diets, and presented similar habitat preferences. Group home range sizes did not differ between species and overlapped little with neighboring groups irrespective of species, and intraspecific and interspecific encounter rates were similar. DISCUSSION: Ecological similarities support that competition between the gibbon species exists and takes the form of interspecific territoriality. However, we could not find any clear mechanism of niche partitioning favoring coexistence between species. Our findings suggest that the contact zone is unstable and is maintained by dispersal inward from groups of the parental species. The relatively low numbers of mixed-species groups and hybrids found suggests a high degree of premating reproductive isolation, perhaps mediated by interspecific miscommunication. The existence of hybrids and backcrosses potentially undetectable from phenotypic characters alone raises the possibility of more widespread introgression than has been evident. Hence, while interspecific territoriality should reduce the rate of gene transfer, it would not necessarily present a barrier to introgression into contiguous populations of the opposite species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecossistema
Hylobates/fisiologia
Comportamento Social
Especificidade da Espécie
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antropologia Física
Evolução Biológica
Ecologia
Feminino
Comportamento de Retorno ao Território Vital
Masculino
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23241


  3 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28406562
[Au] Autor:Zollikofer CP; Scherrer M; Ponce de León MS
[Ad] Endereço:Anthropological Institute and Museum, University of Zurich, Zurich, CH-8057, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Development of Pelvic Sexual Dimorphism in Hylobatids: Testing the Obstetric Constraints Hypothesis.
[So] Source:Anat Rec (Hoboken);300(5):859-869, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1932-8494
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pelvic sexual dimorphism in primates is typically seen as the result of female-specific adaptations to obstetric constraints, which arise from the tight fit between the neonate head and the maternal pelvis. However, it remains debated to which extent pelvic dimorphism is a correlate of obstetric constraints, of body size dimorphism, and/or of other factors. Also, little is known on how pelvic dimorphism develops. Here we use methods of biomedical imaging and geometric morphometrics to address these questions in two hylobatid species, Hylobates lar and Symphalangus syndactylus. These species differ markedly in body size, but within each species, there is only little body size dimorphism. Results show that the neonates of H. lar are large compared to the maternal pelvis, resulting in high cephalopelvic proportions and substantial obstetric constraints. Pelvic sexual dimorphism is moderate but significant: During puberty, females develop a more capacious pelvic inlet than males, while overall pelvic size is similar in both sexes. S. syndactylus has substantially larger pelves than H. lar, but neonates are similar in size to those of H. lar. Cephalopelvic proportions are thus low, and there are no obstetric constraints. Pelvic sexual dimorphism is absent. Overall, these data indicate that pelvic sexual dimorphism in hylobatids reflects obstetric constraints. Anat Rec, 300:859-869, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hylobates/anatomia & histologia
Ossos Pélvicos/anatomia & histologia
Pelve/anatomia & histologia
Caracteres Sexuais
Maturidade Sexual/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tamanho Corporal/fisiologia
Feminino
Masculino
Gravidez
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170724
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170724
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170414
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ar.23556


  4 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28296969
[Au] Autor:Hradec M; Linhart P; Bartos L; Bolechová P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science and Ethology, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Praha - Suchdol, Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:The traits of the great calls in the juvenile and adolescent gibbon males Nomascus gabriellae.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173959, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Knowledge about vocal ontogeny and vocal plasticity during ontogeny in primate species is central to understanding the evolution of human speech. Vocalizations in gibbons (Hominoidea) are very interesting and contain complex species- and sex-specific patterns. However, ontogeny of gibbon songs is little studied. Here, we document regular production and ontogenetic changes of female-specific "great call" in 4 immature (2 juvenile-c.a. 3 years old; and 2 adolescent-c.a. 5 years old) males of southern yellow-cheeked gibbon (N. gabriellae) over nine months. None of the males produced fully developed adult-like "great call" and little ontogenetic changes to "great calls" occurred. "Great calls" of sons were shorter, started higher and ended lower than those of their mothers. Regular production of twitter part of great call likely appears around 4th year as it was observed in adolescent but not in juvenile males.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comunicação Animal
Hylobates/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170912
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170912
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170316
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173959


  5 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28278215
[Au] Autor:Clink DJ; Dillis C; Feilen KL; Beaudrot L; Marshall AJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, University of California-Davis, Davis, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Dietary diversity, feeding selectivity, and responses to fruit scarcity of two sympatric Bornean primates (Hylobates albibarbis and Presbytis rubicunda rubida).
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0173369, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Effectively characterizing primate diets is fundamental to understanding primate behavior, ecology and morphology. Examining temporal variation in a species' diet, as well as comparing the responses of different species to variation in resource availability, can enhance understanding of the evolution of morphology and socioecology. In this study, we use feeding data collected over five years to describe the diets of two sympatric Southeast Asian primate species of similar body size: white-bearded gibbons (Hylobates albibarbis) and red leaf monkeys (Presbytis rubicunda rubida), in Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Long-term data sets are especially important for characterizing primate diets in Southeast Asia, where the forests exhibit supra-annual mast fruiting events. We found that gibbons were mainly frugivorous, with fruit and figs comprising 70% of their 145 independent feeding observations, whereas leaf monkeys ate a substantial amount of seeds (26%), fruits and figs (26.5%) and leaves (30%, n = 219 independent feeding observations). Leaf monkeys consumed a higher number of plant genera, and this was due mostly to the non-frugivorous portion of their diet. To investigate resource selection by these primates we utilized two different approaches: the Manly Selectivity Ratio, which did not take into account temporal variation of resource availability, and a model selection framework which did incorporate temporal variation. Both species selected figs (Ficus) more than predicted based on their availability under the Manly Selectivity Ratio. Model selection allowed us to determine how these primates alter the proportion of leaves, flowers, seeds, figs and fruit in their diets in response to variation in fruit availability. When fruits were scarce, both gibbons and leaf monkeys incorporated more leaves and figs into their diets, indicating that these two food classes are fallback foods for these primates. We discuss how different measures of resource selection can provide seemingly contradictory results, and emphasize the importance of long term studies that combine independent feeding observations with rigorous assessment of temporal variation in resource availability when modelling feeding selectivity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cercopithecidae/fisiologia
Dieta
Comportamento Alimentar
Frutas
Hylobates/fisiologia
Simpatria/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Abastecimento de Alimentos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0173369


  6 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28220345
[Au] Autor:McKee J; Clark N; Shapter F; Simmons G
[Ad] Endereço:Ecosure, Burleigh Heads, QLD, Australia.
[Ti] Título:A new look at the origins of gibbon ape leukemia virus.
[So] Source:Virus Genes;53(2):165-172, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1572-994X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Is the origin of gibbon ape leukemia virus (GALV) human after all? When GALV was discovered and found to cause neoplastic disease in gibbons, it stimulated a great deal of research including investigations into the origins of this virus. A number of publications have suggested that the GALV progenitor was a retrovirus present in one of several species of South East Asian rodents that had close contact with captive gibbons. However, there are no published retroviral sequences from any South East Asian species to support this view. Here we present an alternative hypothesis that the origin of GALV is a virus closely related to Melomys burtoni retrovirus, and that this virus infected human patients in Papua New Guinea from whom biological material was obtained or in some way contaminated these samples. This material we propose contained infectious MbRV-related virus that was then unwittingly introduced into gibbons which subsequently developed GALV infections.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hylobates/virologia
Vírus da Leucemia do Macaco Gibão/genética
RNA Viral/genética
Infecções por Retroviridae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Hylobates/genética
Vírus da Leucemia do Macaco Gibão/patogenicidade
Filogenia
Retroviridae/genética
Retroviridae/patogenicidade
Infecções por Retroviridae/virologia
Roedores/virologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170222
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11262-017-1436-0


  7 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28035660
[Au] Autor:Neaux D
[Ad] Endereço:Zoology Division, School of Environmental and Rural Science, University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Morphological integration of the cranium in Homo, Pan, and Hylobates and the evolution of hominoid facial structures.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;162(4):732-746, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Modern humans diverge from other extant hominids (chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans) in a series of craniofacial morphological features. Like hylobatids, they possess a face with a reduced subnasal prognathism that is associated with a globular basicranium. These traits are not independent, as the skull is a complex integrated structure. The aim of the present study is to determine relationships between the face and the basicranium in two hominid genera (Homo and Pan) and a hylobatid genus (Hylobates) to test if these taxa share common patterns of integration linking these structures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three dimensional (3D) geometric morphometric analyses and 3D homologous landmarks are used to compare the integration patterns between facial and basicranial structures in a comparative sample of Homo, Pan, and Hylobates. Pooled within-genus partial least squares analyses are computed to describe and quantify these patterns of integration. RESULTS: The covariation analyses show similar patterns of integration shared between the three studied taxa. These patterns correspond to the brachycephalic and dolichocephalic conditions previously defined in hominins and hominids. DISCUSSION: Results confirm that hominoids share similar patterns of integration. This is in line with the hypothesis that morphological integration is mostly conservative in hominoids. These similar patterns of integration may explain the convergent evolution of short faces in humans and hylobatids.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Face/anatomia & histologia
Hylobates/anatomia & histologia
Crânio/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Antropologia Física
Evolução Biológica
Face/diagnóstico por imagem
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados
Masculino
Pan troglodytes/anatomia & histologia
Crânio/diagnóstico por imagem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161231
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23163


  8 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27591559
[Au] Autor:Morino L; Borries C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Anthropology, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ, 08901, USA.
[Ti] Título:Offspring loss after male change in wild siamangs: the importance of abrupt weaning and male care.
[So] Source:Am J Phys Anthropol;162(1):180-185, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1096-8644
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: Infanticide by males is assumed to promote permanent male-female associations, although its importance for social monogamy is still debated. We examined the consequences of male membership change in the largest socially monogamous primate, the siamang (Symphalangus syndactylus), a species that also forms polyandrous groups and where males may provide offspring care. We examine (a) the potential risk of infanticide by documenting changes in female-offspring relationships following male change, expecting abrupt weaning; and (b) the potential importance of male care and polyandry for offspring survival. METHODS: We witnessed four male changes at Way Canguk Field Station (Indonesia) in groups where the youngest offspring was estimated to be about 2 years of age. We quantified aspects of mother-offspring relationships (interindividual distance, body contact, and nipple contact) and estimated the proportion of time being carried during travel (August 2007-April 2009). RESULTS: In the two groups into which new males immigrated, offspring were weaned abruptly, suggesting infanticide by males as a potential risk. Even though no attacks on infants by males were witnessed, both infants disappeared shortly after the male change. Another infant disappeared after its main carrier (a male) emigrated. Conversely, in a group where the resident subordinate male replaced the dominant male, the offspring experienced no change in care and survived the transition. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that male immigration in hylobatids increases mortality risk for infants, emphasize the importance of offspring care, and cast doubts on prior classifications of 2-year-old siamangs as independently traveling individuals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/fisiologia
Hylobates/fisiologia
Comportamento Paterno/fisiologia
Desmame
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antropologia Física
Feminino
Masculino
Comportamento Materno/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170623
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170623
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160904
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ajpa.23082


  9 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28027315
[Au] Autor:Stabell AC; Hawkins J; Li M; Gao X; David M; Press WH; Sawyer SL
[Ad] Endereço:BioFrontiers Institute, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Non-human Primate Schlafen11 Inhibits Production of Both Host and Viral Proteins.
[So] Source:PLoS Pathog;12(12):e1006066, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1553-7374
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Schlafen11 (encoded by the SLFN11 gene) has been shown to inhibit the accumulation of HIV-1 proteins. We show that the SLFN11 gene is under positive selection in simian primates and is species-specific in its activity against HIV-1. The activity of human Schlafen11 is relatively weak compared to that of some other primate versions of this protein, with the versions encoded by chimpanzee, orangutan, gibbon, and marmoset being particularly potent inhibitors of HIV-1 protein production. Interestingly, we find that Schlafen11 is functional in the absence of infection and reduces protein production from certain non-viral (GFP) and even host (Vinculin and GAPDH) transcripts. This suggests that Schlafen11 may just generally block protein production from non-codon optimized transcripts. Because Schlafen11 is an interferon-stimulated gene with a broad ability to inhibit protein production from many host and viral transcripts, its role may be to create a general antiviral state in the cell. Interestingly, the strong inhibitors such as marmoset Schlafen11 consistently block protein production better than weak primate Schlafen11 proteins, regardless of the virus or host target being analyzed. Further, we show that the residues to which species-specific differences in Schlafen11 potency map are distinct from residues that have been targeted by positive selection. We speculate that the positive selection of SLFN11 could have been driven by a number of different factors, including interaction with one or more viral antagonists that have yet to be identified.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Molecular
Proteínas Nucleares/imunologia
Proteínas Virais/imunologia
Viroses/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Callithrix
Citometria de Fluxo
HIV-1/imunologia
Seres Humanos
Hylobates
Immunoblotting
Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida
Proteínas Nucleares/genética
Pan troglodytes
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Pongo
Primatas
Seleção Genética
Especificidade da Espécie
Transfecção
Proteínas Virais/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nuclear Proteins); 0 (Viral Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161228
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006066


  10 / 794 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27999419
[Au] Autor:Denner J
[Ad] Endereço:Robert Koch Institute, 13353 Berlin, Germany. DennerJ@rki.de.
[Ti] Título:Transspecies Transmission of Gammaretroviruses and the Origin of the Gibbon Ape Leukaemia Virus (GaLV) and the Koala Retrovirus (KoRV).
[So] Source:Viruses;8(12), 2016 Dec 20.
[Is] ISSN:1999-4915
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Transspecies transmission of retroviruses is a frequent event, and the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) is a well-known example. The gibbon ape leukaemia virus (GaLV) and koala retrovirus (KoRV), two gammaretroviruses, are also the result of a transspecies transmission, however from a still unknown host. Related retroviruses have been found in Southeast Asian mice although the sequence similarity was limited. Viruses with a higher sequence homology were isolated from , the Australian and Indonesian grassland melomys. However, only the habitats of the koalas and the grassland melomys in Australia are overlapping, indicating that the melomys virus may not be the precursor of the GaLV. Viruses closely related to GaLV/KoRV were also detected in bats. Therefore, given the fact that the habitats of the gibbons in Thailand and the koalas in Australia are far away, and that bats are able to fly over long distances, the hypothesis that retroviruses of bats are the origin of GaLV and KoRV deserves consideration. Analysis of previous transspecies transmissions of retroviruses may help to evaluate the potential of transmission of related retroviruses in the future, e.g., that of porcine endogenous retroviruses (PERVs) during xenotransplantation using pig cells, tissues or organs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa
Evolução Molecular
Gammaretrovirus/classificação
Gammaretrovirus/genética
Infecções por Retroviridae/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Quirópteros
Gammaretrovirus/isolamento & purificação
Hylobates
Camundongos
Phascolarctidae
Infecções por Retroviridae/virologia
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161222
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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