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  1 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27503914
[Au] Autor:Guerra Neto G; Galvão Bueno M; Silveira Silva RO; Faria Lobato FC; Plácido Guimarães J; Bossart GD; Marmontel M
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá, Estrada do Bexiga 2584, 69553-225 Tefé, AM, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Acute necrotizing colitis with pneumatosis intestinalis in an Amazonian manatee calf.
[So] Source:Dis Aquat Organ;120(3):189-94, 2016 08 09.
[Is] ISSN:0177-5103
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:On 25 January 2014, a 1 mo old female Amazonian manatee Trichechus inunguis calf weighing 12 kg was rescued by air transport in Guajará, Brazil, and transferred to Mamirauá Institute's Community-based Amazonian Manatee Rehabilitation Center. The calf presented piercing/cutting lesions on the back, neck, and head, in addition to dehydration and intermittent involuntary buoyancy. X-ray analysis revealed a large amount of gases in the gastrointestinal tract. Daily procedures included wound cleaning and dressing, clinical and laboratory monitoring, treatment for intestinal tympanism, and artificial feeding. Adaptation to the nursing formula included 2 kinds of whole milk. Up to 20 d post-rescue the calf presented appetite, was active, and gained weight progressively. Past this period the calf started losing weight and presented constant involuntary buoyancy and died after 41 d in rehabilitation. The major findings at necropsy were pneumatosis intestinalis in cecum and colon, pulmonary edema, and hepatomegaly. The microscopic examination revealed pyogranulomatous and necrohemohrragic colitis with multinucleated giant cells, acute multifocal lymphadenitis with lymphoid depletion in cortical and paramedullary regions of mesenteric lymph nodes, and diffuse severe acinar atrophy of the pancreas. Anaerobic cultures of fragments of cecum and colon revealed colonies genotyped as Clostridium perfringens type A. We speculate that compromised immunity, thermoregulatory failure, and intolerance to artificial diet may have been contributing factors to the infection, leading to enterotoxemia and death.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Enterocolite Necrosante/veterinária
Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/veterinária
Trichechus inunguis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Animais
Enterocolite Necrosante/patologia
Evolução Fatal
Feminino
Pneumatose Cistoide Intestinal/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170602
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170602
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160810
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3354/dao03019


  2 / 15 MEDLINE  
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Sidrim, José Júlio Costa
Moreira, Jose Luciano Bezerra
Rocha, Marcos Fábio Gadelha
Texto completo
[PMID]:26308797
[Au] Autor:Sidrim JJ; Carvalho VL; Castelo-Branco Dde S; Brilhante RS; Bandeira Tde J; Cordeiro Rde A; Guedes GM; Barbosa GR; Lazzarini SM; Oliveira DC; de Meirelles AC; Attademo FL; Freire AC; Moreira JL; Monteiro AJ; Rocha MF
[Ad] Endereço:a Centro Especializado em Micologia Médica (CEMM), Universidade Federal do Ceará (UFC), Rua Coronel Nunes de Melo, 1315, Rodolfo Teófilo, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Yeast microbiota of natural cavities of manatees (Trichechus inunguis and Trichechus manatus) in Brazil and its relevance for animal health and management in captivity.
[So] Source:Can J Microbiol;61(10):763-9, 2015 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1480-3275
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was to characterize the yeast microbiota of natural cavities of manatees kept in captivity in Brazil. Sterile swabs from the oral cavity, nostrils, genital opening, and rectum of 50 Trichechus inunguis and 26 Trichechus manatus were collected. The samples were plated on Sabouraud agar with chloramphenicol and incubated at 25 °C for 5 days. The yeasts isolated were phenotypically identified by biochemical and micromorphological tests. Overall, 141 strains were isolated, of which 112 were from T. inunguis (Candida albicans, Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis, Candida metapsilosis, Candida guilliermondii, Candida pelliculosa, Candida tropicalis, Candida glabrata, Candida famata, Candida krusei, Candida norvegensis, Candida ciferri, Trichosporon sp., Rhodotorula sp., Cryptococcus laurentii) and 29 were from T. manatus (C. albicans, C. tropicalis, C. famata, C. guilliermondii, C. krusei, Rhodotorula sp., Rhodotorula mucilaginosa, Rhodotorula minuta, Trichosporon sp.). This was the first systematic study to investigate the importance of yeasts as components of the microbiota of sirenians, demonstrating the presence of potentially pathogenic species, which highlights the importance of maintaining adequate artificial conditions for the health of captive manatees.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Microbiota
Trichechus/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Candida/isolamento & purificação
Candida/fisiologia
Cryptococcus/isolamento & purificação
Cryptococcus/fisiologia
Feminino
Masculino
Rhodotorula/isolamento & purificação
Rhodotorula/fisiologia
Trichechus inunguis/microbiologia
Trichechus manatus/microbiologia
Trichosporon/isolamento & purificação
Trichosporon/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1605
[Cu] Atualização por classe:151001
[Lr] Data última revisão:
151001
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150827
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1139/cjm-2015-0341


  3 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24690451
[Au] Autor:Amaral RS; Rosas FC; da Silva VM; Graham LH; Viau P; Nichi M; Oliveira CA
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, SP 05580-270, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Seasonal variation in urinary and salivary reproductive hormone levels in Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis).
[So] Source:Reprod Fertil Dev;27(7):1065-71, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1031-3613
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis) is a threatened aquatic mammal endemic to the Amazon basin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the urinary and salivary reproductive hormone levels of captive Amazonian manatees collected during two seasons of the year. Salivary samples from four males and urinary and salivary samples from three females were collected during two seasons (March-June and September-November) over two consecutive years. Salivary testosterone in males was measured by radioimmunoassay and reproductive hormones in females (salivary progesterone and oestradiol and urinary progestogens, oestrogens and luteinising hormone) were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The data were analysed in a 2×2 factorial design, where the factors were year and season. There was no effect of year or season for salivary testosterone. All female hormones showed a seasonal effect (higher hormone levels during March-June than September-November) or an interaction between year and season (P<0.05). These results strongly indicate the existence of reproductive seasonality in Amazonian manatees; however, apparently only females exhibit reproductive quiescence during the non-breeding season. Further long-term studies are necessary to elucidate which environmental parameters are related to reproductive seasonality in T. inunguis and how this species responds physiologically to those stimuli.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estradiol/análise
Hormônio Luteinizante/urina
Progesterona/análise
Estações do Ano
Testosterona/análise
Trichechus inunguis/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estradiol/urina
Feminino
Masculino
Progesterona/urina
Reprodução/fisiologia
Saliva/química
Testosterona/urina
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
3XMK78S47O (Testosterone); 4G7DS2Q64Y (Progesterone); 4TI98Z838E (Estradiol); 9002-67-9 (Luteinizing Hormone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140403
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1071/RD13334


  4 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25632672
[Au] Autor:Amaral RS; Rosas FC; Graham LH; da Silva VM; Oliveira CA
[Ti] Título:First attempt to monitor luteinizing hormone and reproductive steroids in urine samples of the Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis).
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;45(4):843-51, 2014 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aims of this study were to validate an enzyme immunoassay (EIA) for the measurement of luteinizing hormone (LH) in urine samples of Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis; Mammalia: Sirenia) and to monitor urinary LH and reproductive steroids during the ovarian cycle in this species. Urine samples were collected from two captive males following a hormonal challenge with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) analogue. The urinary LH results from hormonal challenge were compared with urinary androgens for the purpose of EIA validation. Furthermore, urine samples were collected daily, over a 12-wk period, from two captive adult females, for 2 consecutive yr. The urinary LH pattern from females was compared with the patterns of urinary progestagens and estrogen conjugates throughout the ovarian cycle. An LH peak was observed in both male Amazonian manatees after the hormonal challenge, occurring prior to or together with peak androgen levels. In the females, the ovarian cycle ranged from 40 to 48 days (mean of 43.7 days). Two distinct peaks of estrogen conjugates were observed across all cycles analyzed, and the urinary LH peaks observed were accompanied by peaks of urinary estrogen conjugates. The EIA was validated as a method for the quantification of urinary LH from Amazonian manatees, as it was able to detect variations in the levels of LH in urine samples. These results suggest that T. inunguis exhibits a peculiar hormonal pattern during the ovarian cycle. Therefore, further studies are desirable and necessary to clarify the relationship between this hormonal pattern and morphological changes, as well as mating behavior, in Amazonian manatee.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estrogênios/urina
Hormônio Luteinizante/urina
Progestinas/urina
Trichechus inunguis/fisiologia
Trichechus inunguis/urina
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/métodos
Técnicas Imunoenzimáticas/veterinária
Masculino
Ovário/fisiologia
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Estrogens); 0 (Progestins); 9002-67-9 (Luteinizing Hormone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1503
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150130
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150130
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150131
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25044536
[Au] Autor:Landrau-Giovannetti N; Mignucci-Giannoni AA; Reidenberg JS
[Ad] Endereço:Puerto Rico Manatee Conservation Center, Department of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, Inter American University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
[Ti] Título:Acoustical and anatomical determination of sound production and transmission in West Indian (Trichechus manatus) and Amazonian (T. inunguis) manatees.
[So] Source:Anat Rec (Hoboken);297(10):1896-907, 2014 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1932-8494
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:West Indian (Trichechus manatus) and Amazonian (T. inunguis) manatees are vocal mammals, with most sounds produced for communication between mothers and calves. While their hearing and vocalizations have been well studied, the actual mechanism of sound production is unknown. Acoustical recordings and anatomical examination were used to determine the source of sound generation. Recordings were performed on live captive manatees from Puerto Rico, Cuba and Colombia (T. manatus) and from Peru (T. inunguis) to determine focal points of sound production. The manatees were recorded using two directional hydrophones placed on the throat and nasal region and an Edirol-R44 digital recorder. The average sound intensity level was analyzed to evaluate the sound source with a T test: paired two sample for means. Anatomical examinations were conducted on six T. manatus carcasses from Florida and Puerto Rico. During necropsies, the larynx, trachea, and nasal areas were dissected, with particular focus on identifying musculature and soft tissues capable of vibrating or constricting the airway. From the recordings we found that the acoustical intensity was significant (P < 0.0001) for both the individuals and the pooled manatees in the ventral throat region compared to the nasal region. From the dissection we found two raised areas of tissue in the lateral walls of the manatee's laryngeal lumen that are consistent with mammalian vocal folds. They oppose each other and may be able to regulate airflow between them when they are adducted or abducted by muscular control of arytenoid cartilages. Acoustic and anatomical evidence taken together suggest vocal folds as the mechanism for sound production in manatees.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Laringe/anatomia & histologia
Traqueia/anatomia & histologia
Trichechus inunguis/anatomia & histologia
Trichechus manatus/anatomia & histologia
Vocalização Animal/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Índia
Laringe/fisiologia
Masculino
Som
América do Sul
Traqueia/fisiologia
Trichechus inunguis/fisiologia
Trichechus manatus/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1505
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140722
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ar.22993


  6 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24920139
[Au] Autor:Rodrigues FR; da Silva VM; Barcellos JF
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos (LMA), Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Amazonas, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:The mammary glands of the Amazonian manatee, Trichechus inunguis (Mammalia: Sirenia): morphological characteristics and microscopic anatomy.
[So] Source:Anat Rec (Hoboken);297(8):1532-5, 2014 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1932-8494
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The mammaries from carcasses of two female Amazonian manatees were examined. Trichechus inunguis possesses two axillary mammaries beneath the pectoral fins, one on each side of the body. Each papilla mammae has a small hole on its apex--the ostium papillare. The mammaries are covered by a stratified squamous keratinized epithelium. The epithelium of the mammary ducts became thinner more deeply in the tissue and varied from stratified to simple cuboidal. There was no evidence of glandular activity or secretion into the ducts of the mammary glands.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Células Epiteliais/citologia
Epitélio/anatomia & histologia
Glândulas Mamárias Animais/anatomia & histologia
Trichechus inunguis/anatomia & histologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Microscopia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1509
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140721
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140721
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140613
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ar.22956


  7 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:24075242
[Au] Autor:Amaral RS; Rosas FC; da Silva VM; Nichi M; Oliveira CA
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science, University of São Paulo - USP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; Laboratory of Aquatic Mammals, National Institute of Amazonian Research - INPA, Manaus, AM, Brazil. Electronic address: rsamaral@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Endocrine monitoring of the ovarian cycle in captive female Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis).
[So] Source:Anim Reprod Sci;142(1-2):84-8, 2013 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2232
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Amazonian manatee (Trichechus inunguis; Mammalia: Sirenia), a threatened aquatic mammal endemic to the Amazon basin, is the only sirenian that lives exclusively in fresh water. Information about the reproductive endocrinology of the Amazonian manatee is scarce; therefore, the aim of this study was to monitor salivary progesterone and estradiol patterns during the ovarian cycle in T. inunguis. Salivary samples were collected daily during a 12-week period of two consecutive years from two captive adult females. The salivary estradiol and progesterone were measured by enzyme immunoassay. The results were analyzed in an iterative process of excluding values that were higher than the mean plus 2 standard deviations until the basal values were determined. The interval between two peaks of salivary estradiol followed by a rise of progesterone was considered as one complete cycle for the calculation of the cycle length. We observed only three complete cycles in all samples analyzed. The cycle length ranged from 42 to 48 days (mean of 44.67 days). We also observed two distinct salivary estradiol peaks during all cycles analyzed, with the first peak occurring before the rise in salivary progesterone and the second occurred followed by a return to basal progesterone levels. This is the first in-depth study of the ovarian cycle in Amazonian manatees. Our results demonstrate that salivary samples can be a useful tool in the endocrine monitoring of this species and suggest that T. inunguis shows a peculiar hormonal pattern during the ovarian cycle, a finding that may have physiological and ecological significance in the reproductive strategy of these animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ovário/fisiologia
Trichechus inunguis/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estradiol/química
Estradiol/metabolismo
Feminino
Progesterona/química
Progesterona/metabolismo
Saliva/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4G7DS2Q64Y (Progesterone); 4TI98Z838E (Estradiol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1405
[Cu] Atualização por classe:131021
[Lr] Data última revisão:
131021
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131001
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23285054
[Au] Autor:Satizábal P; Mignucci-Giannoni AA; Duchêne S; Caicedo-Herrera D; Perea-Sicchar CM; García-Dávila CR; Trujillo F; Caballero SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratorio de Ecología Molecular de Vertebrados Acuáticos-LEMVA, Departamento de Ciencias Biológicas, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia. paula.satizabal@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:Phylogeography and sex-biased dispersal across riverine manatee populations (Trichechus inunguis and Trichechus manatus) in South America.
[So] Source:PLoS One;7(12):e52468, 2012.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Phylogeographic patterns and sex-biased dispersal were studied in riverine populations of West Indian (Trichechus manatus) and Amazonian manatees (T. inunguis) in South America, using 410bp D-loop (Control Region, Mitochondrial DNA) sequences and 15 nuclear microsatellite loci. This multi-locus approach was key to disentangle complex patterns of gene flow among populations. D-loop analyses revealed population structuring among all Colombian rivers for T. manatus, while microsatellite data suggested no structure. Two main populations of T. inunguis separating the Colombian and Peruvian Amazon were supported by analysis of the D-loop and microsatellite data. Overall, we provide molecular evidence for differences in dispersal patterns between sexes, demonstrating male-biased gene flow dispersal in riverine manatees. These results are in contrast with previously reported levels of population structure shown by microsatellite data in marine manatee populations, revealing low habitat restrictions to gene flow in riverine habitats, and more significant dispersal limitations for males in marine environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Migração Animal/fisiologia
Filogeografia
Rios
Caracteres Sexuais
Trichechus inunguis/fisiologia
Trichechus manatus/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Feminino
Genes Mitocondriais/genética
Variação Genética
Genética Populacional
Geografia
Haplótipos/genética
Masculino
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Dados de Sequência Molecular
Dinâmica Populacional
América do Sul
Trichechus inunguis/genética
Trichechus manatus/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1306
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0052468


  9 / 15 MEDLINE  
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Vasconcellos, Silvio A
[PMID]:22448513
[Au] Autor:Mathews PD; da Silva VM; Rosas FC; d'Affonseca Neto JA; Lazzarini SM; Ribeiro DC; Dubey JP; Vasconcellos SA; Gennari SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Parasitology, Institute of Biomedical Sciences, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, 05508-900 São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Occurrence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and Lepstospira spp. in manatees (Trichechus inunguis) of the Brazilian Amazon.
[So] Source:J Zoo Wildl Med;43(1):85-8, 2012 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1042-7260
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The presence of Toxoplasma gondii and Leptospira spp. antibodies was investigated in 74 manatees (Trichechus inunguis [Mammalia: Sirenia]) kept in captivity in two rescue units in the northern region of Brazil. Antibodies to T. gondii were detected in 29 (39.2%) of 74 animals by using the modified agglutination test (titer, 1:25). For antibodies against Leptospira spp., sera were diluted 1:50 and tested against 24 strains ofleptospires by microscopic agglutination microtechnique, and positive samples were end titrated. Twenty-three (31.1%) of 74 animals were reactive to four serovars (Patoc 21/23, Castellonis 2/23, Icterohaemorrhagiae 1/23, and Butembo 1/ 23), with titers ranging from 100 to 1,600. This is the first report of antibodies against T. gondii and Leptospira spp. in T. inunguis from the Brazilian Amazon.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue
Leptospira/imunologia
Toxoplasma/imunologia
Trichechus inunguis
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/sangue
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/imunologia
Leptospirose/veterinária
Toxoplasmose Animal/sangue
Toxoplasmose Animal/epidemiologia
Toxoplasmose Animal/imunologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Bacterial); 0 (Antibodies, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1205
[Cu] Atualização por classe:120327
[Lr] Data última revisão:
120327
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120328
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 15 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:21366658
[Au] Autor:de Mello DM; da Silva V; Rosas F
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil. danielamello@hotmail.com
[Ti] Título:Serum biochemical analytes in captive Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis).
[So] Source:Vet Clin Pathol;40(1):74-7, 2011 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1939-165X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Establishment of reference values for serum biochemical analytes is important for monitoring health and physiological status of captive animals. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to measure and report ranges for serum biochemical analytes in Amazonian manatees (Trichechus inunguis). METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 24 healthy captive Amazonian manatees that comprised a mixture of adults, subadults, and calves and males and females; serum analytes were measured and analyzed using a dry reagent bench-top chemical analyzer. Comparisons were made between sexes and with previously published values of closely related species. RESULTS: Medians and ranges (minimum-maximum) of values for the analytes were: lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), 151 (111-278) U/L (n=20); creatine kinase, 144 (76-315) U/L (n=11); alanine aminotransferase, 10 (2-28) U/L (n=18); aspartate aminotransferase, 14 (5-28) U/L (n=21); γ-glutamyltransferase, 47 (36-73) U/L (n=21); amylase, 1428 (1010-1874) U/L (n=21); alkaline phosphatase, 73 (36-141) U/L (n=19); total protein, 6.8 (6.2-8.0) g/dL (n=24); albumin, 3.3 (2.6-4.1) g/dL (n=21); cholesterol, 188 (101-399) mg/dL (n=21); triglycerides, 126 (60-236) mg/dL (n=21); glucose, 47 (22-69) mg/dL (n=21); urea, 43 (21-69) mg/dL (n=21); uric acid, 1.1 (0.5-1.8) mg/dL (n=22); creatinine, 2.2 (1.5-3.3) mg/dL (n=22); total bilirubin, 0.2 (0.2-2.0) mg/dL (n=21); calcium, 12.7 (10.2-18.6) mg/dL (n=24); iron, 282 (207-457) µg/dL (n=13); and magnesium, 6.9 (4.3-8.9) mg/dL (n=20). With the exception of LDH, no differences were observed between sexes. CONCLUSIONS: The ranges obtained in this study provide important preliminary estimates for concentrations and activities of serum analytes in Amazonian manatees until a larger reference interval study can be conducted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Trichechus inunguis/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alanina Transaminase/sangue
Fosfatase Alcalina/sangue
Amilases/sangue
Animais
Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue
Bilirrubina/sangue
Glicemia/análise
Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise
Cálcio/sangue
Colesterol/sangue
Creatina Quinase/sangue
Creatinina/sangue
Feminino
Ferro/sangue
L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue
Magnésio/sangue
Masculino
Valores de Referência
Triglicerídeos/sangue
Ureia/sangue
Ácido Úrico/sangue
gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Blood Proteins); 0 (Triglycerides); 268B43MJ25 (Uric Acid); 8W8T17847W (Urea); 97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol); AYI8EX34EU (Creatinine); E1UOL152H7 (Iron); EC 1.1.1.27 (L-Lactate Dehydrogenase); EC 2.3.2.2 (gamma-Glutamyltransferase); EC 2.6.1.1 (Aspartate Aminotransferases); EC 2.6.1.2 (Alanine Transaminase); EC 2.7.3.2 (Creatine Kinase); EC 3.1.3.1 (Alkaline Phosphatase); EC 3.2.1.- (Amylases); I38ZP9992A (Magnesium); RFM9X3LJ49 (Bilirubin); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1107
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/j.1939-165X.2011.00297.x



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