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[PMID]:28731417
[Au] Autor:Mori F; Sarti L; Barni S; Pucci N; Belli F; Stagi S; Novembre E
[Ad] Endereço:Allergy Unit, Department of Pediatrics, Anna Meyer Children's University Hospital, Florence, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Donkey´s Milk Is Well Accepted and Tolerated by Infants With Cow´s Milk Food Protein-Induced Enterocolitis Syndrome: A Preliminary Study.
[So] Source:J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol;27(4):269-271, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1018-9068
[Cp] País de publicação:Spain
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alérgenos/imunologia
Enterocolite/imunologia
Hipersensibilidade a Leite/imunologia
Leite/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Enterocolite/etiologia
Equidae
Feminino
Cabras
Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Hipersensibilidade a Leite/complicações
Testes Cutâneos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Allergens)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.18176/jiaci.0167


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[PMID]:28100852
[Au] Autor:Pastuszka R; Barlowska J; Litwinczuk Z
[Ad] Endereço:Katedra Towaroznawstwa i Przetwórstwa Surowców Zwierzecych, Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie.
[Ti] Título:Allergenicity of milk of different animal species in relation to human milk.
[So] Source:Postepy Hig Med Dosw (Online);70(0):1451-1459, 2016 Dec 31.
[Is] ISSN:1732-2693
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Protein content in cow milk (with over 20 proteins, and peptides may also occur as a result of enzymatic hydrolysis) ranges from 2.5% to 4.2% and is about 1.5-2 times higher than in human milk. Its most important allergens are considered to be ß-lactoglobulin (absent in human milk) and αs1-casein. The most similar in composition to human milk is horse and donkey milk. It contains considerably more whey proteins (35-50%) than cow milk (about 20%), and the concentration of the most allergenic casein fraction αs1 is 1.5-2.5 g/l. In comparison, the content of αs1-casein in cow milk is about 10 g/l. ß-lactoglobulin present in donkey milk is a monomer, while in milk of ruminants it is a dimer. Like human milk, it contains a substantial amount of lactose (about 7%), which determines its flavour and facilitates calcium absorption. The high lysozyme content (about 1 g/l) gives it antibacterial properties (compared to trace amounts in ruminants). Camel milk is also more digestible and induces fewer allergic reactions, because it lacks ß-lactoglobulin, and its ß-casein has a different structure. It also contains (compared to cow milk) more antibacterial substances such as lysozyme, lactoferrin and immunoglobulins, and furthermore the number of immunoglobulins is compatible with human ones. Goat milk components have a higher degree of assimilability as compared to cow milk. Its main protein is ß-casein, with total protein content depending on the αs1-casein genetic variant. Goats with the '0' variant do not synthesize this allergenic protein. Clinical and immunochemical studies indicate, however, that it cannot be a substitute for cow milk without the risk of an anaphylactic reaction.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alérgenos/análise
Proteínas do Leite/análise
Leite Humano/química
Leite/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Equidae
Feminino
Cabras
Cavalos
Humanos
Imunoglobulinas/análise
Lactose/análise
Leite/imunologia
Proteínas do Leite/imunologia
Leite Humano/imunologia
Muramidase/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Allergens); 0 (Immunoglobulins); 0 (Milk Proteins); EC 3.2.1.17 (Muramidase); J2B2A4N98G (Lactose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.5604/17322693.1227842


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[PMID]:27979136
[Au] Autor:Ummarino S; Mozzon M; Zamporlini F; Amici A; Mazzola F; Orsomando G; Ruggieri S; Raffaelli N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agricultural, Food and Environmental Sciences, Università Politecnica delle Marche, Via Brecce Bianche, Ancona 60131, Italy. Electronic address: s.ummarino@univpm.it.
[Ti] Título:Simultaneous quantitation of nicotinamide riboside, nicotinamide mononucleotide and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide in milk by a novel enzyme-coupled assay.
[So] Source:Food Chem;221:161-168, 2017 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nicotinamide riboside, the most recently discovered form of vitamin B3, and its phosphorylated form nicotinamide mononucleotide, have been shown to be potent supplements boosting intracellular nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) levels, thus preventing or ameliorating metabolic and mitochondrial diseases in mouse models. Here we report for the first time on the simultaneous quantitation of nicotinamide riboside, nicotinamide mononucleotide and NAD in milk by means of a fluorometric, enzyme-coupled assay. Application of this assay to milk from different species revealed that the three vitamers were present in human and donkey milk, while being selectively distributed in the other milks. Human milk was the richest source of nicotinamide mononucleotide. Overall, the three vitamers accounted for a significant fraction of total vitamin B3 content. Pasteurization did not affect the bovine milk content of nicotinamide riboside, whereas UHT processing fully destroyed the vitamin. In human milk, NAD levels were significantly affected by the lactation time.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ensaios Enzimáticos/métodos
Análise de Alimentos
Leite/química
NAD/análise
Niacinamida/análogos & derivados
Mononucleotídeo de Nicotinamida/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Equidae
Fluorometria
Manipulação de Alimentos
Humanos
Leite Humano/química
Niacinamida/análise
Pasteurização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0U46U6E8UK (NAD); 1094-61-7 (Nicotinamide Mononucleotide); 1341-23-7 (nicotinamide-beta-riboside); 25X51I8RD4 (Niacinamide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28115677
[Au] Autor:Blackburn JK; Matakarimov S; Kozhokeeva S; Tagaeva Z; Bell LK; Kracalik IT; Zhunushov A
[Ad] Endereço:Spatial Epidemiology and Ecology Research Laboratory, Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida.
[Ti] Título:Modeling the Ecological Niche of to Map Anthrax Risk in Kyrgyzstan.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;96(3):550-556, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AbstractAnthrax, caused by the environmental bacterium , is an important zoonosis nearly worldwide. In Central Asia, anthrax represents a major veterinary and public health concern. In the Republic of Kyrgyzstan, ongoing anthrax outbreaks have been reported in humans associated with handling infected livestock and contaminated animal by-products such as meat or hides. The current anthrax situation has prompted calls for improved insights into the epidemiology, ecology, and spatial distribution of the disease in Kyrgyzstan to better inform control and surveillance. Disease control for both humans and livestock relies on annual livestock vaccination ahead of outbreaks. Toward this, we used a historic database of livestock anthrax reported from 1932 to 2006 mapped at high resolution to develop an ecological niche model-based prediction of across Kyrgyzstan and identified spatial clusters of livestock anthrax using a cluster morphology statistic. We also defined the seasonality of outbreaks in livestock. Cattle were the most frequently reported across the time period, with the greatest number of cases in late summer months. Our niche models defined four areas as suitable to support pathogen persistence, the plateaus near Talas and Bishkek, the valleys of western Kyrgyzstan along the Fergana Valley, and the low-lying areas along the shore of Lake Isyk-Kul. These areas should be considered "at risk" for livestock anthrax and subsequent human cases. Areas defined by the niche models can be used to prioritize anthrax surveillance and inform efforts to target livestock vaccination campaigns.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antraz/epidemiologia
Bacillus anthracis/isolamento & purificação
Surtos de Doenças
Gado/microbiologia
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos/microbiologia
Análise por Conglomerados
Equidae/microbiologia
Cavalos/microbiologia
Quirguistão/epidemiologia
Modelos Biológicos
Saúde Pública
Fatores de Risco
Estações do Ano
Carneiro Doméstico/microbiologia
Suínos/microbiologia
Zoonoses/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.16-0758


  5 / 1453 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28337680
[Au] Autor:Jian R; Wang SW; Zhang WX; Zhang LP
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Hebei Province, College of Life Science, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, 050024, Hebei, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Morphological and molecular identification of Habronema spp. (Nematoda: Habronematidae) from donkeys in Xinjiang, China, and notes on the taxonomical status of Habronema majus (Creplin, 1849) and H. microstoma (Schneider, 1866).
[So] Source:Syst Parasitol;94(4):511-525, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1573-5192
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Habronematid nematodes were collected from the stomachs of donkeys, Equus asinus L., in the Tarim Basin, Xinjiang, China. After examination by light and scanning electron microscopy, Habronema muscae (Carter, 1861) and H. majus (Creplin, 1849) were identified. The morphology of our specimens representing H. muscae (Carter, 1861) agreed well with previous redescriptions in the shape of the lateral lips, origin of the lateral alae, ratio of left and right spicules, and number and arrangement of caudal papillae. However, H. majus (Creplin, 1849) differs from H. microstoma (Schneider, 1866) in the arrangement of the caudal papillae in the male. Moreover, molecular analysis also showed interspecific differences of 26.2-28.2% in ITS2 and 8.6-8.9% in cox1 between H. majus and H. microstoma, a divergence much higher than the known intraspecific variation of Habronema spp. (6.6-8.7% in ITS2; 0.2-2.2% in cox1). The results indicate that both H. microstoma (Schneider, 1866) and H. majus (Creplin, 1849) are valid species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Equidae/parasitologia
Spiruroidea/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/genética
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Feminino
Variação Genética
Masculino
Especificidade da Espécie
Spiruroidea/anatomia & histologia
Spiruroidea/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ribosomal Spacer); EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170616
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170616
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11230-017-9714-8


  6 / 1453 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28422966
[Au] Autor:Bennett EA; Champlot S; Peters J; Arbuckle BS; Guimaraes S; Pruvost M; Bar-David S; Davis SJM; Gautier M; Kaczensky P; Kuehn R; Mashkour M; Morales-Muñiz A; Pucher E; Tournepiche JF; Uerpmann HP; Balasescu A; Germonpré M; Gündem CY; Hemami MR; Moullé PE; Ötzan A; Uerpmann M; Walzer C; Grange T; Geigl EM
[Ad] Endereço:Institut Jacques Monod, UMR7592, CNRS-Université Paris Diderot, Paris, France.
[Ti] Título:Taming the late Quaternary phylogeography of the Eurasiatic wild ass through ancient and modern DNA.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0174216, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Taxonomic over-splitting of extinct or endangered taxa, due to an incomplete knowledge of both skeletal morphological variability and the geographical ranges of past populations, continues to confuse the link between isolated extant populations and their ancestors. This is particularly problematic with the genus Equus. To more reliably determine the evolution and phylogeographic history of the endangered Asiatic wild ass, we studied the genetic diversity and inter-relationships of both extinct and extant populations over the last 100,000 years, including samples throughout its previous range from Western Europe to Southwest and East Asia. Using 229 bp of the mitochondrial hypervariable region, an approach which allowed the inclusion of information from extremely poorly preserved ancient samples, we classify all non-African wild asses into eleven clades that show a clear phylogeographic structure revealing their phylogenetic history. This study places the extinct European wild ass, E. hydruntinus, the phylogeny of which has been debated since the end of the 19th century, into its phylogenetic context within the Asiatic wild asses and reveals recent mitochondrial introgression between populations currently regarded as separate species. The phylogeographic organization of clades resulting from these efforts can be used not only to improve future taxonomic determination of a poorly characterized group of equids, but also to identify historic ranges, interbreeding events between various populations, and the impact of ancient climatic changes. In addition, appropriately placing extant relict populations into a broader phylogeographic and genetic context can better inform ongoing conservation strategies for this highly-endangered species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação de Recursos Naturais
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
Equidae/genética
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Equidae/anatomia & histologia
Equidae/classificação
Europa (Continente)
Extinção Biológica
Extremo Oriente
Fósseis
Variação Genética
Haplotipos
Filogeografia
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0174216


  7 / 1453 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27667749
[Au] Autor:Carluccio A; Contri A; Gloria A; Veronesi MC; Sfirro MP; Parrillo S; Robbe D
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Teramo, Teramo, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Correlation between some arterial and venous blood gas parameters in healthy newborn Martina Franca donkey foals from birth to 96 hours of age.
[So] Source:Theriogenology;87:173-178, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3231
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In neonatology, blood gas analysis is a useful tool in the evaluation of the health of newborns and plays a key role in early detection of critically ill subjects. Because blood gas analysis parameters have not previously been studied in any depth in donkey foals, this study was performed on 16 healthy Martina Franca donkey foals born after an uncomplicated delivery. Arterial and venous blood samples were collected at 5 minutes and at 12, 24, 72, and 96 hours of age. Blood gas analysis was performed by a portable analyzer, measuring arterial and venous total carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide partial pressure (pCO ), oxygen partial pressure (pO ), oxygen saturation (sO ), bicarbonate, base excess (BE), pH, and lactate (LT). Lower blood pH values, pO and sO , and a higher level of lactate were found at birth in comparison with subsequent sampling times. This moderate acidotic profile disappeared at 12 hours, when all the parameters became constant until the end of the study period. As expected, significant differences between arterial and venous blood gas parameters related to the oxygenation, such as pO and sO , and partially carbon dioxide partial pressure were found, whereas total carbon dioxide, pH, BE, and LT were comparable in arterial and venous blood samples. For these latter parameters, the highly significant correlation between arterial and venous findings suggests that venous samples could be an acceptable alternative to the arterial sample for blood gas analysis in newborn donkey foals, when the oxygenation status of the patient is not the first goal of patient analysis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais Recém-Nascidos/sangue
Dióxido de Carbono/sangue
Equidae/sangue
Oxigênio/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Recém-Nascidos/fisiologia
Bicarbonatos/sangue
Equidae/fisiologia
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Lactatos/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bicarbonates); 0 (Lactates); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide); S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170425
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170425
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160926
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28233669
[Au] Autor:Rudramurthy GR; Sengupta PP; Ligi M; Rahman H
[Ad] Endereço:National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics (NIVEDI), Ramagondanahalli, P.B.No. 6450, Yelahanka, Bengaluru 560064, Karnataka, India.
[Ti] Título:An inhibition enzyme immuno assay exploring recombinant invariant surface glycoprotein and monoclonal antibodies for surveillance of surra in animals.
[So] Source:Biologicals;46:148-152, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1095-8320
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study is aimed at the development of inhibition ELISA (I-ELISA) exploring monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) and recombinant invariant surface glycoprotein. The extracellular domain (ED) of invariant surface glycoprotein (ISG-75) from Trypanosoma evasni has been heterologously expressed in Pichia pastoris (X-33). The recombinant ISG-75 (rISG-75ED) was characterized by immunoblot and ELISA, followed by the production of MAbs against rISG-75ED. The MAbs were characterized by immunoblot and then explored in the development of I-ELISA for the detection of surra. The diagnostic potential of the developed test has been evaluated using 1192 field sera sample including cattle, buffalo, donkey, horse and camel. The statistical analysis of the data showed optimum combination of diagnostic sensitivity and specificity at 98.8% and 99.2% respectively, with cut-off percentage inhibition (PI) value of >45. The Cohen's kappa coefficient of agreement was found to be 0.98. Hence, the diagnostic test developed in the present study can be exploited as a potential and reliable tool in the serodiagnosis and surveillance of surra in animals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anticorpos Monoclonais/imunologia
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia
Proteínas de Protozoários/imunologia
Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
Trypanosoma/imunologia
Tripanossomíase/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Búfalos
Camelus
Bovinos
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos
Equidae
Cavalos
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/imunologia
Immunoblotting
Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética
Proteínas de Protozoários/genética
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Trypanosoma/fisiologia
Tripanossomíase/diagnóstico
Tripanossomíase/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Monoclonal); 0 (Membrane Glycoproteins); 0 (Protozoan Proteins); 0 (Recombinant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170418
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170418
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170224
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1453 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28260587
[Au] Autor:Carvalho I; Campo RD; Sousa M; Silva N; Carrola J; Marinho C; Santos T; Carvalho S; Nóvoa M; Quaresma M; Pereira JE; Cobo M; Igrejas G; Poeta P
[Ad] Endereço:1​Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal 2​Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Vila Real, Portugal 3​Functional Genomics and Proteomics Unit, Vila Real, Portugal.
[Ti] Título:Antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. isolated from Miranda donkey (Equus asinus): an old problem from a new source with a different approach.
[So] Source:J Med Microbiol;66(2):191-202, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1473-5644
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: The Miranda donkey (Equus asinus) is an endangeredasinine from Miranda do Douro region, located in the north east of Portugal. We studied the antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes in Escherichia coli and Enterococcus spp. isolates from these animals. METHODOLOGY: In March 2014, a total of 66 faecal samples were recovered from independent animals. Antibiotic resistance was determined by the disc diffusion method. Carriage of genes coding for antibiotic-resistant and virulent factors was analysed by PCR. RESULTS: A total of 66 E. coli and 41 enterococcal isolates were detected, with Enterococcus faecium (61 %) and Enterococcus hirae (24 %) being the most prevalent species. For enterococcal isolates, high percentages of resistance rates to tetracycline (68.3 %), quinupristin/dalfopristin (51.2 %) and ciprofloxacin (48.8 %) were observed. The genes erm(A) and/or erm(B), tet(M) and/or tet(L), vat(D) and/or vat(E) and aph(3')-IIIa were also found. The most frequent virulence gene detected was gel(E), followed by ace, cpd and hyl. Escherichia coli isolates were highly resistant to streptomycin (78 %), whereas 39 % of them exhibited resistance to aminoglycosides and tetracycline. Genes sul1 and/or sul2 were detected in 66.7 % of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole-resistant isolates. The virulence genes detected were fim(A) (46 %) and cnf1 (27 %). CONCLUSION: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report showing antibiotic resistance among Escherichiacoli and Enterococcus spp. isolates from the Miranda donkey in Portugal, indicating possible antibiotic-resistant bacterial reservoirs. However, the detection of these resistances presents a low risk for other animals and human beings in that rural area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Farmacorresistência Bacteriana Múltipla
Enterococcus/genética
Equidae/microbiologia
Escherichia coli/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aminoglicosídeos/farmacologia
Animais
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética
Ciprofloxacino/farmacologia
DNA Bacteriano/genética
Enterococcus/classificação
Enterococcus/isolamento & purificação
Escherichia coli/classificação
Escherichia coli/isolamento & purificação
Canamicina Quinase/genética
Metiltransferases/genética
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Portugal
Sulfametoxazol/farmacologia
Tetraciclina/farmacologia
Trimetoprima/farmacologia
Virginiamicina/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Aminoglycosides); 0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Bacterial Proteins); 0 (DNA, Bacterial); 11006-76-1 (Virginiamycin); 126602-89-9 (quinupristin-dalfopristin); 5E8K9I0O4U (Ciprofloxacin); AN164J8Y0X (Trimethoprim); EC 2.1.1.- (Methyltransferases); EC 2.1.1.184 (ErmA protein, Bacteria); EC 2.7.1.95 (Kanamycin Kinase); F8VB5M810T (Tetracycline); JE42381TNV (Sulfamethoxazole)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170321
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170321
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170306
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/jmm.0.000423


  10 / 1453 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28281774
[Au] Autor:Horak IG; Heyne H; Halajian A; Booysen S; Smit WJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, University of Pretoria. ivan.horak@up.ac.za.
[Ti] Título:Parasites of domestic and wild animals in South Africa. L. Ixodid ticks infesting horses and donkeys.
[So] Source:Onderstepoort J Vet Res;84(1):e1-e6, 2017 Feb 28.
[Is] ISSN:2219-0635
[Cp] País de publicação:South Africa
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the study was to determine the species spectrum of ixodid ticks that infest horses and donkeys in South Africa and to identify those species that act as vectors of disease to domestic livestock. Ticks were collected opportunistically from 391 horses countrywide by their owners or grooms, or by veterinary students and staff at the Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria. Ticks were also collected from 76 donkeys in Limpopo Province, 2 in Gauteng Province and 1 in North West province. All the ticks were identified by means of a stereoscopic microscope. Horses were infested with 17 tick species, 72.1% with Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi, 19.4% with Amblyomma hebraeum and 15.6% with Rhipicephalus decoloratus. Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi was recovered from horses in all nine provinces of South Africa and R. decoloratus in eight provinces. Donkeys were infested with eight tick species, and 81.6% were infested with R. evertsi evertsi, 23.7% with A. hebraeum and 10.5% with R. decoloratus. Several tick species collected from the horses and donkeys are the vectors of economically important diseases of livestock. Rhipicephalus evertsi evertsi is the vector of Theileria equi, the causative organism of equine piroplasmosis. It also transmits Anaplasma marginale, the causative organism of anaplasmosis in cattle. Amblyomma hebraeum is the vector of Ehrlichia ruminantium, the causative organism of heartwater in cattle, sheep and goats, whereas R. decoloratus transmits Babesia bigemina, the causative organism of babesiosis in cattle.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vetores Aracnídeos
Equidae/parasitologia
Doenças dos Cavalos/epidemiologia
Ixodidae
Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Selvagens
Doenças dos Cavalos/parasitologia
Doenças dos Cavalos/transmissão
Cavalos
Prevalência
África do Sul/epidemiologia
Infestações por Carrapato/epidemiologia
Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia
Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170317
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170317
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4102/ojvr.v84i1.1302



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