Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.500.131.365.250 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 299 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29385153
[Au] Autor:Klein ES; Hill SL; Hinke JT; Phillips T; Watters GM
[Ad] Endereço:Antarctic Ecosystem Research Division, Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, La Jolla, California, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Impacts of rising sea temperature on krill increase risks for predators in the Scotia Sea.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191011, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Climate change is a threat to marine ecosystems and the services they provide, and reducing fishing pressure is one option for mitigating the overall consequences for marine biota. We used a minimally realistic ecosystem model to examine how projected effects of ocean warming on the growth of Antarctic krill, Euphausia superba, might affect populations of krill and dependent predators (whales, penguins, seals, and fish) in the Scotia Sea. We also investigated the potential to mitigate depletion risk for predators by curtailing krill fishing at different points in the 21st century. The projected effects of ocean warming on krill biomass were strongest in the northern Scotia Sea, with a ≥40% decline in the mass of individual krill. Projections also suggest a 25% chance that krill biomass will fall below an established depletion threshold (75% of its unimpacted level), with consequent risks for some predator populations, especially penguins. Average penguin abundance declined by up to 30% of its unimpacted level, with up to a 50% chance of falling below the depletion threshold. Simulated krill fishing at currently permitted harvest rates further increased risks for depletion, and stopping fishing offset the increased risks associated with ocean warming in our model to some extent. These results varied by location and species group. Risk reductions at smaller spatial scales also differed from those at the regional level, which suggests that some predator populations may be more vulnerable than others to future changes in krill biomass. However, impacts on predators did not always map directly to those for krill. Our findings indicate the importance of identifying vulnerable marine populations and targeting protection measures at appropriate spatial scales, and the potential for spatially-structured management to avoid aggravating risks associated with rising ocean temperatures. This may help balance tradeoffs among marine ecosystem services in an uncertain future.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Euphausiacea/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Oceanos e Mares
Comportamento Predatório
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biomassa
Ecossistema
Pesqueiros
Aquecimento Global
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191011


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[PMID]:29370231
[Au] Autor:Utne-Palm AC; Breen M; Løkkeborg S; Humborstad OB
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Marine Research (IMR), Bergen, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Behavioural responses of krill and cod to artificial light in laboratory experiments.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190918, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Most fishes and crustaceans respond to light, and artificial light sources may therefore be an efficient stimulus to manipulate behaviours in aquatic animals. It has been hypothesised that the catch efficiency of pots could be increased if prey, for example krill, can be attracted into the pots providing a visual stimulus and a source of live bait. To find which light characteristics are most attractive to krill, we tested the effects of light intensity and wavelength composition on Northern krill's (Meganyctiphanes norvegica) behavioural response to an artificial light source. The most attractive individual wavelength was 530 nm (green light), while broadband (425-750 nm) white light was an equally attractive light source. The intensity of the emitted light did not appear to have a direct effect on attraction to the light source, however it did significantly increase swimming activity among the observed krill. The most promising light stimuli for krill were tested to determine whether they would have a repulsive or attractive effect on cod (Gadus morhua); These light stimuli appeared to have a slightly repulsive, but non-significant, effect on cod. However, we suggest that a swarm of krill attracted to an artificial light source may produce a more effective visual stimulus to foraging cod.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Animal/efeitos da radiação
Euphausiacea/fisiologia
Euphausiacea/efeitos da radiação
Gadus morhua/fisiologia
Luz
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecossistema
Comportamento Alimentar/efeitos da radiação
Pesqueiros
Cadeia Alimentar
Estimulação Luminosa
Comportamento Predatório/efeitos da radiação
Natação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190918


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[PMID]:29242323
[Au] Autor:Reese A
[Ti] Título:Ice-shrouded life sees daylight.
[So] Source:Science;358(6369):1366, 2017 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecossistema
Camada de Gelo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Euphausiacea
Cadeia Alimentar
Baleia Anã
Pepinos-do-Mar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1126/science.358.6369.1366


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[PMID]:29210234
[Au] Autor:Santora JA; Schroeder ID; Field JC; Wells BK; Sydeman WJ
[Ti] Título:Spatio-temporal dynamics of ocean conditions and forage taxa reveal regional structuring of seabird­prey relationships.
[So] Source:Ecol Appl;24(7):1730-47, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1051-0761
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Studies of predator­prey demographic responses and the physical drivers of such relationships are rare, yet essential for predicting future changes in the structure and dynamics of marine ecosystems. Here, we hypothesize that predator­prey relationships vary spatially in association with underlying physical ocean conditions, leading to observable changes in demographic rates, such as reproduction. To test this hypothesis, we quantified spatio-temporal variability in hydrographic conditions, krill, and forage fish to model predator (seabird) demographic responses over 18 years (1990­2007). We used principal component analysis and spatial correlation maps to assess coherence among ocean conditions, krill, and forage fish, and generalized additive models to quantify interannual variability in seabird breeding success relative to prey abundance. The first principal component of four hydrographic measurements yielded an index that partitioned "warm/weak upwelling" and "cool/strong upwelling" years. Partitioning of krill and forage fish time series among shelf and oceanic regions yielded spatially explicit indicators of prey availability. Krill abundance within the oceanic region was remarkably consistent between years, whereas krill over the shelf showed marked interannual fluctuations in relation to ocean conditions. Anchovy abundance varied on the shelf, and was greater in years of strong stratification, weak upwelling and warmer temperatures. Spatio-temporal variability of juvenile forage fish co-varied strongly with each other and with krill, but was weakly correlated with hydrographic conditions. Demographic responses between seabirds and prey availability revealed spatially variable associations indicative of the dynamic nature of "predator­habitat" relationships. Quantification of spatially explicit demographic responses, and their variability through time, demonstrate the possibility of delineating specific critical areas where the implementation of protective measures could maintain functions and productivity of central place foraging predators.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Charadriiformes/fisiologia
Euphausiacea/fisiologia
Peixes/fisiologia
Comportamento Predatório/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Oceano Pacífico
Dinâmica Populacional
Salinidade
Água do Mar
Temperatura Ambiente
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 299 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29016689
[Au] Autor:Cui C; Li Y; Gao H; Zhang H; Han J; Zhang D; Li Y; Zhou J; Lu C; Su X
[Ad] Endereço:School of Marine Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo, Zhejiang, China.
[Ti] Título:Modulation of the gut microbiota by the mixture of fish oil and krill oil in high-fat diet-induced obesity mice.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186216, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Previous studies confirmed that dietary supplements of fish oil and krill oil can alleviate obesity in mice, but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. This study aims to discern whether oil treatment change the structure of the gut microbiota during the obesity alleviation. The ICR mice received high-fat diet (HFD) continuously for 12 weeks after two weeks of acclimatization with a standard chow diet, and the mice fed with a standard chow diet were used as the control. In the groups that received HFD with oil supplementation, the weight gains were attenuated and the liver index, total cholesterol, triglyceride and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol were reduced stepwise compared with the HFD group, and the overall structure of the gut microbiota, which was modulated in the HFD group, was shifted toward the structure found in the control group. Moreover, eighty-two altered operational taxonomic units responsive to oil treatment were identified and nineteen of them differing in one or more parameters associated with obesity. In conclusion, this study confirmed the effect of oil treatment on obesity alleviation, as well as on the microbiota structure alterations. We proposed that further researches are needed to elucidate the causal relationship between obesity alleviation and gut microbiota modulation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Microbioma Gastrointestinal/genética
Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos
Obesidade/dietoterapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Colesterol/metabolismo
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
Euphausiacea/química
Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem
Microbioma Gastrointestinal/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Lipoproteínas LDL/metabolismo
Fígado/metabolismo
Fígado/patologia
Camundongos
Camundongos Obesos
Obesidade/microbiologia
Obesidade/patologia
Triglicerídeos/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fish Oils); 0 (Lipoproteins, LDL); 0 (Triglycerides); 97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171011
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186216


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[PMID]:28915418
[Au] Autor:Ji W; Zhang C; Ji H
[Ad] Endereço:College of Biological and Food Engineering, Guangzhou University of Education, Guangzhou, 510303, China. Electronic address: 13536395190@163.com.
[Ti] Título:Purification, identification and molecular mechanism of two dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory peptides from Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) protein hydrolysate.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1064:56-61, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) played an important role in blood glucose regulation. Inhibition of DPP-IV may improve glycemic control in diabetics by preventing the rapid breakdown of incretin hormones and prolonging their physiological action. In this study, Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) protein was hydrolyzed using animal proteolytic enzymes. The hydrolysate was purified sequentially by ultrafiltration, gel filtration chromatography and reversed phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC). DPP-IV inhibitory activity of the fractions achieved from Antarctic krill protein was determined by DPP-IV screening reagent kit. Two purified peptides were identified by Xevo G2-XS QTof mass spectrometer (QTOF-MS). One peptide purified was Ala-Pro (AP) with IC values of 0.0530mg/mL, the other Ile-Pro-Ala (IPA) with IC values of 0.0370mg/mL. They both exhibited strong DPP-IV inhibitory activity. The molecular docking analysis revealed that DPP-IV inhibition by AP and IPA was mainly due to formation of a strong interaction surface force with the 91-96 and 101-105 amino acids of the DPP-IV. Our results suggested that the protein hydrolysate from Antarctic krill can be considered as a promising natural source of DPP-IV inhibitory peptides in the management of diabetes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/química
Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/isolamento & purificação
Euphausiacea/química
Hidrolisados de Proteína/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/metabolismo
Euphausiacea/metabolismo
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dipeptidyl-Peptidase IV Inhibitors); 0 (Protein Hydrolysates)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170916
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 299 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28849995
[Au] Autor:Arnberg M; Moodley L; Dunaevskaya E; Ramanand S; Ingvarsdóttir A; Nilsen M; Ravagnan E; Westerlund S; Sanni S; Tarling GA; Bechmann RK
[Ad] Endereço:a IRIS-International Research Institute of Stavanger , Randaberg , Norway.
[Ti] Título:Effects of chronic crude oil exposure on early developmental stages of the Northern krill (Meganyctiphanes norvegica).
[So] Source:J Toxicol Environ Health A;80(16-18):916-931, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1528-7394
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rising oil and gas activities in northern high latitudes have led to an increased risk of petroleum pollution in these ecosystems. Further, seasonal high UV radiation at high latitudes may elevate photo-enhanced toxicity of petroleum pollution to marine organisms. Zooplanktons are a key ecological component of northern ecosystems; therefore, it is important to assess their sensitivity to potential pollutants of oil and gas activity. As ontogenetic development may be particularly sensitive, the aim of this study was to examine the impact of chronic exposure to oil water dispersion (OWD) on development and feeding of early life stages of the Northern krill, Meganyctiphanes norvegica. In a range of experiments, embryonic, nonfeeding, and feeding larval stages were exposed to concentrations of between 0.01 and 0.1 mg/L of oil or photo-modified oil for 19 and 21 d. No significant effects on egg respiration, hatching success, development, length and larval survival were observed from these treatments. Similarly, evolution of fatty acid composition patterns during ontogenetic development was unaffected. The results indicates a high degree of resilience of these early developmental stages to such types and concentrations of pollutants. However, feeding and motility in later calyptopis-stage larvae were significantly impaired at exposure of 0.1 mg/L oil. Data indicate that feeding larval stage of krill was more sensitive to OWD than early nonfeeding life stages. This might be attributed to the narcotic effects of oil pollutants, their direct ingestion, or accumulated adverse effects over early development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Euphausiacea/efeitos dos fármacos
Petróleo/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Euphausiacea/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Ácidos Graxos/análise
Larva/efeitos dos fármacos
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Modelos Lineares
Análise Multivariada
Poluição por Petróleo/efeitos adversos
Hidrocarbonetos Aromáticos Policíclicos/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Petroleum); 0 (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170830
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/15287394.2017.1352204


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[PMID]:28530595
[Au] Autor:Xie D; Jin J; Sun J; Liang L; Wang X; Zhang W; Wang X; Jin Q
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Synergetic Innovation Center of Food Safety and Nutrition, School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, 1800 Lihu Road, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122, PR China; Zhonghai Ocean (Wuxi) Marine Equipment Engineering Co., Ltd., Jiangnan Universit
[Ti] Título:Comparison of solvents for extraction of krill oil from krill meal: Lipid yield, phospholipids content, fatty acids composition and minor components.
[So] Source:Food Chem;233:434-441, 2017 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The effects of seven different extraction solvents (ethanol, isopropanol, acetone, ethyl acetate, isohexane, n-hexane, and subcritical butane) on the lipid yield and quality of the oil extracted from krill meal were investigated in this study. Phospholipids (PL), fatty acids (FA) composition and minor components including sterols, astaxanthin, vitamin A and tocopherols in the extracted krill oil were analyzed. The results indicated that ethanol and isopropanol led to comparatively higher lipid yields (16.33 and 14.52%, respectively) and PL contents (39.2 and 38.7%, respectively) but lower contents of the minor components than the other solvents. The krill oil extracted with acetone had the lowest PL content (20.63%) but contained more astaxanthin (206.74mg/kg), vitamin A (27.84mg/100g), and sterols (39.00mg/g). Moreover, high levels of n-3 FA were present in the extracts with high PL contents. Further analysis revealed that 23.65-28.10% of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and 16.71-21.03% of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were present in the PL, while only 2.83-3.48% of EPA and 1.40-1.74% of DHA were detected in the triacylglycerols (TAG). In addition, subcritical butane proved to be an alternative to n-hexane and isohexane; krill oil extracted with these three solvents had similar qualities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Euphausiacea
Ácidos Graxos/análise
Fosfolipídeos/análise
Solventes/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Phospholipids); 0 (Solvents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28492670
[Au] Autor:Cheong LZ; Sun T; Li Y; Zhou J; Lu C; Li Y; Huang Z; Su X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Safety and Quality, School of Marine Science, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China. suxiurong@nbu.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Dietary krill oil enhances neurocognitive functions and modulates proteomic changes in brain tissues of d-galactose induced aging mice.
[So] Source:Food Funct;8(5):2038-2045, 2017 May 24.
[Is] ISSN:2042-650X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The effects of dietary krill oil on neurocognitive functions and proteomic changes in brain tissues of d-galactose-induced aging mice were evaluated. Dietary krill oil enhanced the neurocognitive functions of aging mice with a significant (P < 0.05) decrease in escape latency and an increase in the number of times of crossing over the hidden platform during the Morris water maze test. Krill oil was also found to protect against oxidative damage, lipid peroxidation and neurodegenerative diseases. Oxidative stress biomarkers of aging mice administered with krill oil showed significant (P < 0.05) improvement with an increase in serum superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) levels; there were insignificant changes in the serum malondialdehyde (MDA) level. In terms of proteomic changes, krill oil resulted in upregulation of the Celsr3 and Ppp1r1b gene expression, which contribute to brain development, learning and memory behavior processes. In particular, the Ppp1r1b gene is associated with the inhibition of dopamine releases, which decreases the motivation for learning.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Envelhecimento/metabolismo
Encéfalo/metabolismo
Gorduras Insaturadas na Dieta/metabolismo
Euphausiacea/metabolismo
Galactose/efeitos adversos
Óleos Vegetais/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento/psicologia
Animais
Cognição
Euphausiacea/química
Glutationa Peroxidase/sangue
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Malondialdeído/metabolismo
Memória
Camundongos
Proteômica
Superóxido Dismutase/sangue
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fats, Unsaturated); 0 (Plant Oils); 4Y8F71G49Q (Malondialdehyde); EC 1.11.1.9 (Glutathione Peroxidase); EC 1.15.1.1 (Superoxide Dismutase); X2RN3Q8DNE (Galactose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1039/c6fo01848c


  10 / 299 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28490058
[Au] Autor:Zhang Y; He S; Simpson BK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Macdonald Campus, McGill University, Ste-Anne-de-Bellevue, Québec H9X 3V9, Canada. Electronic address: yi.zhang10@mail.mcgill.ca.
[Ti] Título:A cold active transglutaminase from Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba): Purification, characterization and application in the modification of cold-set gelatin gel.
[So] Source:Food Chem;232:155-162, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Transglutaminase (TGase), EC 2.3.2.13, was purified from whole Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) using ammonium sulfate fractionation and DEAE-Sephacel chromatography. The purified enzyme had specific activity, purification fold and yield of 53.518U/mg, 10.272 and 10.992%, respectively. The molecular weight of the purified Antarctic krill TGase was estimated to be 78kDa using sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). The optimal pH and temperature for the activity of the purified TGase were pH 8.0-9.0 and 0-10°C, respectively. However, the TGase activity reduced to 50% at a higher temperature of 45°C. The cations Ca and Na activated the purified TGase activity optimally at levels of incorporation of 10mM and 1.8mM, respectively. Addition of TGase at 0.1U/mg increased the gel strength (p<0.05), setting temperature, setting time (p<0.05) and melting temperature (p<0.05) of cold-set gelatin gel.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Euphausiacea
Transglutaminases
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Temperatura Baixa
Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida
Gelatina
Géis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Gels); 9000-70-8 (Gelatin); EC 2.3.2.13 (Transglutaminases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170816
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170816
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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