Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.500.131.617.690 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1269 [refinar]
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[PMID]:29211428
[Au] Autor:Stepanova ON
[Ti] Título:[THE FAUNA AND POPULATION OF CHEWING LICE (INSECTA, PHTHIRAPTERA) PARASITIZING SEDENTARY PASSERINE BIRDS (AVES, PASSERIFORMES) IN YAKUTIA].
[So] Source:Parazitologiia;50(5):387-94, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0031-1847
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The data on the fauna, abundance and prevalence of chewing lice collected from 360 specimens of 13 sedentary species of passerine birds in Yakutia are given. A total of 3206 chewing lice specimens belonging to 27 species of 6 genera were found. Most explored bird species were infested with several chewing lice species. We assume exchanges of parasites could take place between some bird species in the region explored.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças das Aves/parasitologia
Infestações por Piolhos/parasitologia
Passeriformes/parasitologia
Ftirápteros/classificação
Ftirápteros/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sibéria
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610391
[Au] Autor:Serbina L; Burckhardt D
[Ad] Endereço:Naturhistorisches Museum, Augustinergasse 2, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland. Institut für Natur-, Landschafts- und Umweltschutz der Universität Basel, St. Johanns-Vorstadt 10, CH-4056 Basel, Switzerland.. liliya_serbina@mail.ru.
[Ti] Título:Systematics, biogeography and host-plant relationships of the Neotropical jumping plant-louse genus Russelliana (Hemiptera: Psylloidea).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4266(1):1-114, 2017 05 12.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Neotropical genus Russelliana (Psyllidae: Aphalaroidinae) is revised and its phylogenetic, host-plant and biogeographical relationships are discussed. Twenty-four species are described as new, bringing the number of known species to 43. An identification key is provided for the adults. A phylogenetic analysis of 26 morphological characters resulted in 54 most parsimonious trees. The consensus tree is well resolved at the base but poorly at the crown. Most Russelliana species are monophagous or oligophagous with the exception of R. solanicola which is polyphagous. With eight plant families, the host range of Russelliana is broader than that of other aphalaroidine genera. The hosts for 29 species are confirmed, those for 12 species are suggested based on phylogenetic relationships. The species associated with Asteraceae (4 spp.) and most of the Fabaceae-feeders (12 spp.) form each a monophyletic group, those associated with Verbenaceae (5 spp.) are paraphyletic and those with Solanaceae are polyphyletic (16 spp.). The two species associated with Rosaceae are not closely related. These patterns suggest repeated host shifts. Whether there is cospeciation in some groups cannot be judged as neither psyllid nor host phylogenies are sufficiently resolved. The world psylloid fauna comprises relatively few species associated with Solanaceae. The number of 16 Russelliana species with confirmed or likely solanaceous hosts is, therefore, surprising and important in view of the potential pest status of some Russelliana spp. The genus is restricted to temperate and subtropical South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Southern Brazil, Chile, Peru and Uruguay). Most species are known from the Western Andean part of the continent. Only four species are currently known from Eastern South America. The cladogram suggests that geographical vicariance may account for at least part of the observed species richness, as five vicariant events were detected for Russelliana. A better resolution of the cladogram may reveal more cases of geographical vicariance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Afídeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Argentina
Bolívia
Brasil
Chile
Peru
Ftirápteros
Filogenia
Uruguai
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4266.1.1


  3 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610084
[Au] Autor:Weaver HJ
[Ad] Endereço:School of Science and Engineering, University of the Sunshine Coast, Sippy Downs, Queensland 4556, Australia. Present address: Australian Biological Resources Study, Department of the Environment and Energy, GPO Box 787, Canberra 2601, Australia.. haylee.weaver@environment.gov.au.
[Ti] Título:Three new species of the sucking louse genus Hoplopleura (Phthiraptera: Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae) from rodents (Mammalia: Rodentia: Muridae) in northern Australia.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4247(1):31-44, 2017 Mar 23.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three new species of the rodent louse genus Hoplopleura (Anoplura: Hoplopleuridae) are described and illustrated from Australia: H. melomydis new species from Melomys burtoni (Muridae: Hydromyini, grassland melomys) and M. capensis (Muridae: Hydromyini, Cape York melomys) from Queensland; H. notomydis new species and H. setosa new species from Notomys alexis (Muridae: Hydromyini, spinifex hopping mouse) from the Northern Territory. These new louse species are the first lice recorded from each of the three host rodent species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anoplura
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Mamíferos
Camundongos
Muridae
Northern Territory
Ftirápteros
Queensland
Roedores
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4247.1.3


  4 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28603249
[Au] Autor:Cho G; Burckhardt D; Lee S
[Ad] Endereço:Insect Biosystematics Laboratory, Research Institute of Agriculture and Life Science, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Seoul National University, 151-921, Korea. user@example.com.
[Ti] Título:On the taxonomy of Korean jumping plant-lice (Hemiptera: Psylloidea).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4238(4):531-561, 2017 Mar 06.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The taxonomy of jumping plant-lice from South Korea is revised based on extensive, recently collected material and specimens preserved in several collections. Three species are described as new (Craspedolepta yongjungi, Cacopsylla baccatae and Cyamophila floribundae spp. nov.) and 11 species are recorded from South Korea for the first time (Aphalaridae 2, Homotomidae 1, Liviidae 1, Psyllidae 6, Triozidae 1). One genus and 13 species are synonymised, two species are removed from synonymy and two species are recombined. Comments on the taxonomy are provided and previous misidentifications are discussed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Afídeos
Ftirápteros
República da Coreia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170613
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4238.4.3


  5 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28292917
[Au] Autor:Hodson CN; Hamilton PT; Dilworth D; Nelson CJ; Curtis CI; Perlman SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, University of Victoria, V8P 5C2, Canada hodson.christina@gmail.com stevep@uvic.ca.
[Ti] Título:Paternal Genome Elimination in Booklice (Insecta: Psocodea).
[So] Source:Genetics;206(2):1091-1100, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1943-2631
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:How sex is determined in insects is diverse and dynamic, and includes male heterogamety, female heterogamety, and haplodiploidy. In many insect lineages, sex determination is either completely unknown or poorly studied. We studied sex determination in Psocodea-a species-rich order of insects that includes parasitic lice, barklice, and booklice. We focus on a recently discovered species of booklice (Psocodea: Troctomorpha), which are among the closest free-living relatives of parasitic lice. Using genetic, genomic, and immunohistochemical approaches, we show that this group exhibits paternal genome elimination (PGE), an unusual mode of sex determination that involves genomic imprinting. Controlled crosses, following a genetic marker over multiple generations, demonstrated that males only transmit to offspring genes they inherited from their mother. Immunofluorescence microscopy revealed densely packed chromocenters associated with H3K9me3-a conserved marker for heterochromatin-in males, but not in females, suggesting silencing of chromosomes in males. Genome assembly and comparison of read coverage in male and female libraries showed no evidence for differentiated sex chromosomes. We also found that females produce more sons early in life, consistent with facultative sex allocation. It is likely that PGE is widespread in Psocodea, including human lice. This order represents a promising model for studying this enigmatic mode of sex determination.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Impressão Genômica/genética
Heterocromatina/genética
Ftirápteros/genética
Processos de Determinação Sexual
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Genoma de Inseto
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Ftirápteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Heterochromatin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170714
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170714
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170316
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1534/genetics.117.199786


  6 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28264352
[Au] Autor:Burckhardt D; Queiroz DL
[Ad] Endereço:Naturhistorisches Museum, Augustinergasse 2, CH-4001 Basel, Switzerland.. daniel.burckhardt@bs.ch.
[Ti] Título:The jumping plant-lice of the Neotropical genus Tainarys (Hemiptera: Psylloidea) associated with Anacardiaceae.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4232(4):zootaxa.4232.4.5, 2017 Feb 20.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Neotropical psyllid genus Tainarys Brèthes, 1920 is revised to include 14 extant and one fossil species from Dominican amber. Eight species are described as new, viz. Tainarys aroeira sp. nov., T. atra sp. nov., T. hapla sp. nov., T. myracrodrui sp. nov., T. nigricornis sp. nov., T. didyma sp. nov. and T. orientalis sp. nov. from Brazil, the last two also from Uruguay, as well as T. lozadai sp. nov. from Peru. The fifth instar immatures are described for nine species. †Vicinilura Klimaszewski, 1996, erected for the fossil †V. reposta Klimaszewski, 1996 and previously synonymised with Leurolophus Tuthill, 1942, is synonymised here (syn. nov.) with Tainarys and †V. reposta is transferred to become †Tainarys reposta (Klimaszewski), comb. nov. The descriptions are supplemented by illustrations and keys for the identification of adults and immatures. Phylogenetic relationships between species are investigated with a cladistic analysis using 22 adult and six immature morphological characters. The analysis resulted in a single most parsimonious, fully resolved tree. The fossil species is nested within the genus rather than being the sister taxon of the remainder of species. The extant species are restricted to the subtropical and temperate parts of South America. Three pairs of sister clades display an east‒west South American and one a midwest‒southern Brazilian geographical vicariance. Host plants are confirmed for nine and likely for another four species. They are Astronium, Haplorhus, Myracrodruon, Schinopsis and Schinus (Anacardiaceae). All Tainarys species appear to be oligophagous inducing irregular leaf curls on their hosts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anacardiaceae
Distribuição Animal
Animais
Afídeos
Brasil
Peru
Ftirápteros
Filogenia
Uruguai
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4232.4.5


  7 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28264256
[Au] Autor:Alahmed A; Aldryhim Y; Shobrak M; Nasser M
[Ad] Endereço:Research Chair of Insect Vector Borne Diseases, Department of Plant Protection, College of Food and Agriculture Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.. user@example.com.
[Ti] Título:A new species of the genus Amyrsidea (Phthiraptera: Amblycera: Menoponidae) parasitizing domestic chickens in Saudi Arabia.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4238(2):zootaxa.4238.2.5, 2017 Mar 02.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Species of Amyrsidea can be distinguished from species of Menacanthus Neumann, 1912-the other menoponid genus with species parasitic on the same hosts-by lacking ventral spinous processes in the head (Scharf & Price 1977: 815). Revisions of all subgenera and species of Amyrsidea, including keys for their identification, were published by Scharf & Price (1977, 1983) and Scharf & Emerson (1983, 1984).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amblíceros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças das Aves
Galinhas
Infestações por Piolhos
Ftirápteros
Arábia Saudita
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4238.2.5


  8 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28143593
[Au] Autor:Correa K; Bangera R; Figueroa R; Lhorente JP; Yáñez JM
[Ad] Endereço:Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Av Santa Rosa 11735, La Pintana, Chile.
[Ti] Título:The use of genomic information increases the accuracy of breeding value predictions for sea louse (Caligus rogercresseyi) resistance in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar).
[So] Source:Genet Sel Evol;49(1):15, 2017 01 31.
[Is] ISSN:1297-9686
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sea lice infestations caused by Caligus rogercresseyi are a main concern to the salmon farming industry due to associated economic losses. Resistance to this parasite was shown to have low to moderate genetic variation and its genetic architecture was suggested to be polygenic. The aim of this study was to compare accuracies of breeding value predictions obtained with pedigree-based best linear unbiased prediction (P-BLUP) methodology against different genomic prediction approaches: genomic BLUP (G-BLUP), Bayesian Lasso, and Bayes C. To achieve this, 2404 individuals from 118 families were measured for C. rogercresseyi count after a challenge and genotyped using 37 K single nucleotide polymorphisms. Accuracies were assessed using fivefold cross-validation and SNP densities of 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 25 and 37 K. Accuracy of genomic predictions increased with increasing SNP density and was higher than pedigree-based BLUP predictions by up to 22%. Both Bayesian and G-BLUP methods can predict breeding values with higher accuracies than pedigree-based BLUP, however, G-BLUP may be the preferred method because of reduced computation time and ease of implementation. A relatively low marker density (i.e. 10 K) is sufficient for maximal increase in accuracy when using G-BLUP or Bayesian methods for genomic prediction of C. rogercresseyi resistance in Atlantic salmon.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cruzamento
Genoma
Genômica
Modelos Genéticos
Ftirápteros/genética
Salmo salar/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Algoritmos
Animais
Estudos de Associação Genética
Genômica/métodos
Genótipo
Fenótipo
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12711-017-0291-8


  9 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28067108
[Au] Autor:Takano OM; Mitchell PS; Gustafsson DR; Adite A; Voelker G; Light JE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas 77843.
[Ti] Título:An Assessment of Host Associations, Geographic Distributions, and Genetic Diversity of Avian Chewing Lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from Benin.
[So] Source:J Parasitol;103(2):152-160, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1937-2345
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) across multiple avian species remains fairly undocumented in the West African country of Benin. Two hundred and seventeen bird specimens collected from multiple localities across Benin and housed at the Texas A&M University Biodiversity Research and Teaching Collections were examined for lice. Lice were identified and genetic data (mitochondrial COI and nuclear EF-1α genes) were obtained and phylogenetically analyzed. In total, we found 15 host associations, 7 of which were new to science. Genetically, most lice from Benin were unique and could represent new species. Based on host associations and unique genetic lineages, we estimate we discovered a minimum of 4 and possibly as many as 8 new chewing louse species. Given the lack of current data on chewing louse species distributions in Benin, this study adds to the knowledge of host associations, geographic distribution, and genetic variability of avian chewing louse species in West Africa.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças das Aves/parasitologia
Variação Genética
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
Infestações por Piolhos/veterinária
Ftirápteros/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Benin/epidemiologia
Doenças das Aves/epidemiologia
Aves
DNA/química
DNA/isolamento & purificação
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Infestações por Piolhos/epidemiologia
Infestações por Piolhos/parasitologia
Fator 1 de Elongação de Peptídeos/genética
Ftirápteros/classificação
Ftirápteros/fisiologia
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Peptide Elongation Factor 1); 9007-49-2 (DNA); EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170518
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170518
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170110
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1645/16-137


  10 / 1269 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27821189
[Au] Autor:Sponchiado J; Melo GL; Martins TF; Krawczak FS; Jacinavicius FC; Labruna MB; Barros-Battesti DM; Cáceres NC
[Ad] Endereço:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Biodiversidade Animal,CCNE, Universidade Federal de Santa Maria,Av. Roraima 1000, Santa Maria, RS, 97110-970,Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Ectoparasites of small-mammals: determinants of community structure in South American savannah.
[So] Source:Parasitology;144(4):475-483, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1469-8161
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to assess the contribution of hosts characteristics (rodents and marsupials) in the organization of ectoparasite communities present in woodland patches in western central Brazil. We verified the effect of host species, sex, body mass and vertical strata in addition to the role of seasonality on the ectoparasite composition, richness and abundance. The total sampling effort was 22 032 trap-nights equally distributed in 54 woodland patches. Variance partition and principal coordinate analysis were used to verify the existence of significant relationships between response variables and predictors. As expected, host species was the most important variable in ectoparasite community assembly. The composition, richness and abundance of mites and lice were highly influenced by host species, although higher for mites than for lice. Host body mass had a determining role on the richness and abundance of tick species. Vertical stratification and seasonality had weak influence, while the sex of the host had no influence on the organization of these communities. The results are closely related to the evolutionary characteristics of the species involved, as well as with local environmental characteristics of the study area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pradaria
Infestações por Piolhos/veterinária
Mamíferos
Infestações por Ácaros/veterinária
Infestações por Carrapato/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Feminino
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
Infestações por Piolhos/epidemiologia
Infestações por Piolhos/parasitologia
Masculino
Infestações por Ácaros/epidemiologia
Infestações por Ácaros/parasitologia
Ácaros/classificação
Ftirápteros/classificação
Infestações por Carrapato/epidemiologia
Infestações por Carrapato/parasitologia
Carrapatos/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0031182016001906



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