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  1 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320820
[Au] Autor:Ahmed H; Sousa SR; Simsek S; Anastácio S; Kilinc SG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biosciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), Park Road, Chakh Shazad, Islamabad, Pakistan.
[Ti] Título:First Molecular Characterization of Hypoderma actaeon in Cattle and Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) in Portugal.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):653-658, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hypoderma spp. larvae cause subcutaneous myiasis in several animal species. The objective of the present investigation was to identify and characterize morphologically and molecularly the larvae of Hypoderma spp. collected from cattle (Bos taurus taurus) and red deer (Cervus elaphus) in the district of Castelo Branco, Portugal. For this purpose, a total of 8 larvae were collected from cattle (n=2) and red deer (n=6). After morphological identification of Hypoderma spp. larvae, molecular characterization was based on PCR-RFLP and mitochondrial CO1 gene sequence analysis. All larvae were morphologically characterized as the third instar larvae (L3) of H. actaeon. Two restriction enzymes were used for molecular identification of the larvae. TaqI restriction enzyme was not able to cut H. actaeon. However, MboII restriction enzyme differentiated Hypoderma species showing 210 and 450 bp bands in H. actaeon. Furthermore, according to the alignment of the mt-CO1 gene sequences of Hypoderma species and to PCR-RFLP findings, all the identified Hypoderma larvae were confirmed as H. actaeon. This is the first report of identification of Hypoderma spp. (Diptera; Oestridae) from cattle and red deer in Portugal, based on morphological and molecular analyses.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Cervos/parasitologia
Dípteros/classificação
Dípteros/genética
Larva
Miíase/parasitologia
Miíase/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Portugal
Análise de Sequência/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.653


  2 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749332
[Au] Autor:Landehag J; Skogen A; Åsbakk K; Kan B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Paediatrics, Finnmark Hospital Trust, Hammerfest, Norway.
[Ti] Título:Human myiasis caused by the reindeer warble fly, Hypoderma tarandi, case series from Norway, 2011 to 2016.
[So] Source:Euro Surveill;22(29), 2017 Jul 20.
[Is] ISSN:1560-7917
[Cp] País de publicação:Sweden
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hypoderma tarandi causes myiasis in reindeer and caribou (Rangifer tarandus spp.) in most northern hemisphere regions where these animals live. We report a series of 39 human myiasis cases caused by H. tarandi in Norway from 2011 to 2016. Thirty-two were residents of Finnmark, the northernmost county of Norway, one a visitor to Finnmark, and six lived in other counties of Norway where reindeer live. Clinical manifestations involved migratory dermal swellings of the face and head, enlargement of regional lymph nodes, and periorbital oedema, with or without eosinophilia. Most cases of human myiasis are seen in tropical and subtropical countries, and in tourists returning from such areas. Our findings demonstrate that myiasis caused by H. tarandi is more common than previously thought. Healthcare professionals in regions where there is a likelihood of human infestation with H. tarandi (regions populated by reindeer), or treating returning travellers, should be aware of the condition. All clinicians are advised to obtain a detailed travel history when assessing patients with migratory dermal swellings. On clinical suspicion, ivermectin should be given to prevent larval invasion of the eye (ophthalmomyiasis). Since H. tarandi oviposits on hair, we suggest wearing a hat as a prevention measure.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros
Larva
Linfadenopatia/etiologia
Miíase/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Seres Humanos
Larva/fisiologia
Meia-Idade
Contagem de Ovos de Parasitas
Rena/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453741
[Au] Autor:Knutson AE; Giles KL; Royer TA; Elliott NC; Bradford N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center, Dallas, TX 75252 ( a-knutson@tamu.edu ).
[Ti] Título:Application of Pheromone Traps for Managing Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in the Southern Great Plains.
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;110(3):1052-1061, 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-291X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor Say, is an important pest of winter wheat in the Southern Great Plains of the United States. As larvae feed behind the leaf sheath, infestations often go undetected until crop damage is evident, and there are no remedial actions that can prevent economic loss once a field is infested. The recent discovery of the sex-attractant pheromone of the Hessian fly provides an opportunity to use pheromone traps to detect and monitor adult activity and potentially better manage this pest. Adult male Hessian fly activity was monitored during 4 yr at six locations from northcentral Oklahoma, 36° N latitude, south to central Texas, 31° N latitude. In Oklahoma, trap captures were low in the fall, no flies were captured during the winter, and the largest number of flies was captured in the spring. However, in southcentral Texas, adults were captured throughout the fall, winter, and in the spring when trap captures were again the greatest. The relationship between trap captures and density of Hessian fly larvae per tiller was investigated during the fall and spring. Although large numbers of adults (>100 per trap per day) were often captured, economic infestation of larvae rarely developed. Results identify optimum times for field sampling to determine immature Hessian fly infestations in wheat in Oklahoma and Texas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros/fisiologia
Controle de Insetos
Feromônios/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Oklahoma
Dinâmica Populacional
Estações do Ano
Texas
Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pheromones); 0 (insect attractants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jee/tox088


  4 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29419499
[Au] Autor:Santos W
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. Agrárias e Exatas, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, Catolé do Rocha, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Forensic entomology in the veterinary context.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;182(5):137-138, 2018 02 03.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Entomologia
Ciências Forenses
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dípteros
Medicina Legal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180223
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180223
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.k407


  5 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29205007
[Au] Autor:Li L; Feng DX; Wu J
[Ad] Endereço:College of Life Science and Engineering, Shenyang University, Shenyang 110044, China.
[Ti] Título:[Research Progress of Carrion-breeding Phorid Flies for Post-mortem Interval Estimation in Forensic Medicine].
[So] Source:Fa Yi Xue Za Zhi;32(5):363-366, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1004-5619
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:It is a difficult problem of forensic medicine to accurately estimate the post-mortem interval. Entomological approach has been regarded as an effective way to estimate the post-mortem interval. The developmental biology of carrion-breeding flies has an important position at the post-mortem interval estimation. Phorid flies are tiny and occur as the main or even the only insect evidence in relatively enclosed environments. This paper reviews the research progress of carrion-breeding phorid flies for estimating post-mortem interval in forensic medicine which includes their roles, species identification and age determination of immatures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros
Entomologia
Medicina Legal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Autopsia
Meio Ambiente
Seres Humanos
Mudanças Depois da Morte
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1004-5619.2016.05.011


  6 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28463473
[Au] Autor:Rohner PT; Blanckenhorn WU; Schäfer MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zurich, Winterthurerstrasse, Zurich, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Critical weight mediates sex-specific body size plasticity and sexual dimorphism in the yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria (Diptera: Scathophagidae).
[So] Source:Evol Dev;19(3):147-156, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1525-142X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ultimate factors driving insect body size are rather well understood, while-apart from a few model species-the underlying physiological and developmental mechanisms received less attention. We investigate the physiological basis of adaptive size variation in the yellow dung fly Scathophaga stercoraria, which shows pronounced male-biased sexual size dimorphism and strong body size plasticity. We estimate variation of a major physiological threshold, the critical weight, which is the mass at which a larva initiates pupariation. Critical weight was associated with sexual size dimorphism and sex-specific plasticity, and is thus a likely target of selection on adult size. Detailed larval growth trajectories derived from individuals raised at two food and temperature treatments further reveal that sex-specific size plasticity is mediated by faster initial growth of males that later becomes reduced by higher male weight loss during the wandering stage. We further demonstrate that integral growth rates, which are typically calculated as simple ratios of egg-to-adult development time and adult weight, do not necessarily well reflect variation in instantaneous growth rates. We illustrate the importance of detailed assessments of ontogenetic growth trajectories for the understanding of adaptive size variation and discuss the mechanistic basis of size determination in shaping sex-specific phenotypic plasticity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros/genética
Dípteros/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Biológica
Tamanho Corporal
Dípteros/classificação
Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Feminino
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Masculino
Caracteres Sexuais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/ede.12223


  7 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28463224
[Au] Autor:Bluman J; Kang CK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of Alabama in Huntsville, Huntsville, AL 35899, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Wing-wake interaction destabilizes hover equilibrium of a flapping insect-scale wing.
[So] Source:Bioinspir Biomim;12(4):046004, 2017 06 15.
[Is] ISSN:1748-3190
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Wing-wake interaction is a characteristic nonlinear flow feature that can enhance unsteady lift in flapping flight. However, the effects of wing-wake interaction on the flight dynamics of hover are inadequately understood. We use a well-validated 2D Navier-Stokes equation solver and a quasi-steady model to investigate the role of wing-wake interaction on the hover stability of a fruit fly scale flapping flyer. The Navier-Stokes equations capture wing-wake interaction, whereas the quasi-steady models do not. Both aerodynamic models are tightly coupled to a flight dynamic model, which includes the effects of wing mass. The flapping amplitude, stroke plane angle, and flapping offset angle are adjusted in free flight for various wing rotations to achieve hover equilibrium. We present stability results for 152 simulations which consider different kinematics involving the pitch amplitude and pitch axis as well as the duration and timing of pitch rotation. The stability of all studied motions was qualitatively similar, with an unstable oscillatory mode present in each case. Wing-wake interaction has a destabilizing effect on the longitudinal stability, which cannot be predicted by a quasi-steady model. Wing-wake interaction increases the tendency of the flapping flyer to pitch up in the presence of a horizontal velocity perturbation, which further destabilizes the unstable oscillatory mode of hovering flight dynamics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomimética/instrumentação
Dípteros/fisiologia
Voo Animal/fisiologia
Asas de Animais/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ar
Animais
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Insetos/fisiologia
Modelos Biológicos
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1088/1748-3190/aa7085


  8 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28743450
[Au] Autor:Klong-Klaew T; Sontigun N; Sanit S; Samerjai C; Sukontason K; Kurahashi H; Koehler PG; Pereira RM; Limsopatham K; Suwannayod S; Thanapornpoonpong SN; Chareonviriyaphap T; Sukontason KL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Parasitology, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Field evaluation of a semi-automatic funnel trap targeted the medically important non-biting flies.
[So] Source:Acta Trop;176:68-77, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6254
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bait-trapping is a useful approach for monitoring fly population dynamics, and it is an effective tool for physical control of pest species. The aim of this study was to test a newly developed semi-automatic funnel fly trap with some modifications of the former prototype fly trap to study medically important fly population density. The efficacy of the semi-automatic funnel trap was assessed by field sampling during July 2013-June 2014 using 1-day tainted beef offal as bait. The modified semi-automatic funnel traps were able to capture a total of 151,141 adult flies, belonging to the families: Calliphoridae (n=147,248; 97.4%), Muscidae (n=3,124; 2.1%) and Sarcophagidae (n=769; 0.5%), which are the medically important fly species. Among the total of 35 species collected, Chrysomya megacephala (Diptera: Calliphoridae) (n=88,273; 59.95%), Musca domestica (Diptera: Muscidae) (n=1,324; 42.38%) and Boettcherisca peregrina (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) (n=68; 33.01%) were the predominant species of each family. High number of flies was captured in forest area, representing 42.47% (n=64,197) of total specimens. Female flies were trapped more than male with total sex ratio of 0.37 male/female. Flies were trapped throughout the year with peak population in summer. Peak activity was recorded in the afternoon (12.00-18.00h). In summary, the modified semi-automatic funnel fly trap can be used for field collection of the adult fly. By setting the timer, population dynamics, diversity, and periodic activity of adult flies were determined.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros
Controle de Insetos/instrumentação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Desenho de Equipamento
Feminino
Masculino
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180201
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180201
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770493
[Au] Autor:Vidgen ME; Edson DW; van den Hurk AF; Field HE; Smith CS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Queensland Centre for Emerging Infectious Diseases, Biosecurity Queensland, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
[Ti] Título:No Evidence of Hendra Virus Infection in the Australian Flying-fox Ectoparasite Genus Cyclopodia.
[So] Source:Zoonoses Public Health;64(3):228-231, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1863-2378
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hendra virus (HeV) causes potentially fatal respiratory and/or neurological disease in both horses and humans. Although Australian flying-foxes of the genus Pteropus have been identified as reservoir hosts, the precise mechanism of HeV transmission has yet to be elucidated. To date, there has been limited investigation into the role of haematophagous insects as vectors of HeV. This mode of transmission is particularly relevant because Australian flying-foxes host the bat-specific blood-feeding ectoparasites of the genus Cyclopodia (Diptera: Nycteribiidae), also known as bat flies. Using molecular detection methods, we screened for HeV RNA in 183 bat flies collected from flying-foxes inhabiting a roost in Boonah, Queensland, Australia. It was subsequently demonstrated that during the study period, Pteropus alecto in this roost had a HeV RNA prevalence between 2 and 15% (95% CI [1, 6] to [8, 26], respectively). We found no evidence of HeV in any bat flies tested, including 10 bat flies collected from P. alecto in which we detected HeV RNA. Our negative findings are consistent with previous findings and provide additional evidence that bat flies do not play a primary role in HeV transmission.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Quirópteros/parasitologia
Dípteros/virologia
Vírus Hendra/isolamento & purificação
Miíase/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/zph.12303


  10 / 13392 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29261787
[Au] Autor:Ricarte A; Souba-Dols GJ; Hauser M; Marcos-García MÁ
[Ad] Endereço:Centro Iberoamericano de la Biodiversidad (CIBIO), University of Alicante, San Vicente del Raspeig, Alicante, Spain.
[Ti] Título:A review of the early stages and host plants of the genera Eumerus and Merodon (Diptera: Syrphidae), with new data on four species.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189852, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The genera Eumerus and Merodon (Diptera: Syrphidae) have a high taxonomic diversity (300+ species altogether), but life histories of most species are unknown. In addition, these hoverfly genera are recognised to be pests (ornamental plants and vegetable crops). In this paper, early stages of four hoverfly species are described, Eumerus hungaricus Szilády, 1940, Eumerus nudus Loew, 1848 and Merodon geniculatus Strobl, 1909, from Spain, and Eumerus strigatus Walker, 1859, from California, USA. Larvae of E. nudus were obtained from swollen roots of Asphodelus cerasiferus J. Gay. Larvae of E. hungaricus were found in bulbs of Narcissus confusus Pugsley. The host plant of the examined specimen of Eumerus strigatus is unknown. Larvae of M. geniculatus were reared from bulbs of different species of Narcissus L. Scanning electron microscope imaging was used to study and illustrate the anterior respiratory processes, pupal spiracles and posterior respiratory processes of the new early stages. A compilation of all available information on the early stages and host plants of Eumerus (21 spp.) and Merodon (15 spp) is provided, as well as an identification key to all known larvae/puparia of these genera. Eumerus elavarensis Séguy, 1961 is proposed as a new synonym of E. hungaricus and first data of this species are reported from Austria, Bulgaria, Spain and Turkey. In Eumerus, larvae are alleged to rely on the previous presence of decay organisms, but in the larvae of E. nudus the sclerotisation and size of the mandibular hooks suggest that this larva can generate decay from intact plant tissue.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Dípteros/fisiologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/fisiologia
Estágios do Ciclo de Vida
Plantas/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dípteros/anatomia & histologia
Dípteros/ultraestrutura
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Larva/ultraestrutura
Pupa/anatomia & histologia
Pupa/ultraestrutura
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189852



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