Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.500.131.617.720.500.500.750.642 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28981634
[Au] Autor:Skovgård H; Nachman G
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agroecology, Section of Pathology and Entomology, University of Aarhus, Forsøgsvej 1, DK-4200 Slagelse, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Modeling the Temperature- and Age-Dependent Survival, Development, and Oviposition Rates of Stable Flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) (Diptera: Muscidae).
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(5):1130-1142, 2017 10 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans (L.)) can be a serious pest associated with cattle facilities. In Denmark, they occur most abundantly at organic farms, where they cannot be controlled by means of insecticides. On traditional farms, where chemical control is widely used, development of resistance is of increasing concern. Therefore, interest in biological control or other alternative methods has been growing during the recent years. In order to understand the complex relationships between a pest and its natural enemies in a variable environment, it is necessary to know how temperature affects the dynamics of the involved species. In this paper, we apply data derived from several existing sources to investigate the influence of temperature on development and survival of eggs, larvae, pupae, and adult stable flies, as well as on the fecundity of adult females. We demonstrate that the same modeling framework (called SANDY), previously applied to lifetable data of the pteromalid pupal parasitoid (Spalangia cameroni Perkins), a biological control agent used against stable flies, can also be used to model S. calcitrans. However, the predicted temperature responses depend on the data sources used to parameterize the model, which is reflected by differences in estimated population growth rates obtained from American and non-American studies. Elasticity analysis shows that growth rates are more sensitive to changes in viability, in particular of adult flies, than in fecundity, which may have implications for the management of stable fly populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Biológicos
Muscidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Oviposição
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Masculino
Óvulo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VALIDATION STUDIES
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171006
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx118


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[PMID]:28610326
[Au] Autor:Azevedo LH; Castilho RC; Berto MM; Moraes GJ
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Entomologia e Acarologia, ESALQ-Universidade de São Paulo, 13418-900 Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil.. leticiaazevedo@usp.br.
[Ti] Título:Macrochelid mites (Mesostigmata: Macrochelidae) from São Paulo state, Brazil, with description of a new species of Macrocheles.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4269(3):413-426, 2017 05 23.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Macrochelid mites have been reported in several papers about mites of different habitats in Brazil, but this is the first work specifically conducted to determine the macrochelids from that country. The main goal was to determine macrochelid species in microhabitats where the stable fly is usually found in commercial cattle farms. In total, 1359 specimens were collected from cow manure and litter in different regions of São Paulo state. These represented ten species of three genera. One of these, Macrocheles embersoni n. sp. is here described as new to science. Other macrochelid species are expected to be found in the study area, when other types of microhabitats are explored.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ácaros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Bovinos
Ecossistema
Feminino
Muscidae
Ciência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4269.3.5


  3 / 800 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610228
[Au] Autor:Majnon-Jahromi B; Gheibi M; Fallahzadeh M; Kehlmaier C; Hesami S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, College of Agricultural Sciences, Shiraz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shiraz, Iran.. bahar.mj84@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Pipunculidae (Diptera) from southern Iran, including two new species of the genus Tomosvaryella Aczél.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4273(4):488-500, 2017 Jun 07.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We provide data on the distribution of 23 big-headed fly species (Diptera: Brachycera: Pipunculidae) from Fars province, southern Iran. Two new species of the genus Tomosvaryella Aczél, T. angulata sp. nov. and T. pistacia sp. nov., are described and illustrated. The new species show a clear morphological affiliation to the T. congoana species-group that was hitherto only known from the Afrotropical region. Nine species recorded herein represent first records for Iran. The number of pipunculid species recorded from Iran is now raised to 30. By DNA barcoding of the mitochondrial COI gene, males and females could be unequivocally associated with each other for most species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Animais
Feminino
Genes Mitocondriais
Irã (Geográfico)
Masculino
Muscidae
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4273.4.2


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[PMID]:28610193
[Au] Autor:Delvare G; Heimpel GE; Baur H; Chadee DD; Martinez R; Knutie SA
[Ad] Endereço:Cirad-CBGP, 755 avenue du Campus Agropolis, CS30016, 34988 Montferrier-sur-Lez Cedex France.. gerard.delvare@cirad.fr.
[Ti] Título:Description of Brachymeria philornisae sp. n. (Hymenoptera: Chalcididae), a parasitoid of the bird parasite Philornis trinitensis (Diptera: Muscidae) in Tobago, with a review of the sibling species.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4242(1):34-60, 2017 Mar 09.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this paper, we describe and illustrate a new species of parasitoid wasp as Brachymeria philornisae Delvare, sp. nov. The new species was reared from Philornis trinitensis Dodge & Aitken (Diptera: Muscidae) puparia that were found in the nests of the bird species Mimus gilvus (Vieillot) (Mimidae) and Tiaris bicolor (L.) (Thraupidae) in Tobago. The new species is of particular interest as it may be considered a potential biological control agent in locations where Philornis species are invasive, such as the Galapagos Islands. Closely related Brachymeria species had taxonomically ambiguous relationship in the past and are compared and reviewed. The species have been classified in the subgenus Pseudobrachymeria, but are here treated within the newly defined subconica species-group of Brachymeria as part of a sibling species complex designated as the subrugosa complex. Species assigned to the subconica species-group are listed and five, one unnamed, are assigned to the subrugosa complex and their females keyed. Species are separated by qualitative characters and morphometry using distance measurements. Trigonura annulipes Costa Lima is renamed as Brachymeria costalimai Delvare nom. nov. because of secondary homonymy.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Himenópteros
Parasitos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Equador
Feminino
Larva
Muscidae
Trinidad e Tobago
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170810
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170810
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4242.1.2


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[PMID]:28444209
[Au] Autor:Moophayak K; Sukontason KL; Ruankham W; Tomberlin JK; Bunchu N
[Ad] Endereço:Mahidol University, Nakhonsawan Campus, Nakhonsawan 60130, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Variation in the Time of Colonization of Broiler Carcasses by Carrion Flies in Nakhonsawan Province, Thailand.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1157-1166, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Carrion flies are the primary insects colonizing vertebrate carrion; however, limited information is available on the variation in the time of colonization (TOC) as related to time of placement (TOP) and time of death (TOD), particularly in Thailand. Three seasonal sets of nine broiler carcasses (euthanized and placed in field within 0.5 h after death) were placed in mesh enclosures within a disturbed deciduous dipterocarp forest at Nakhonsawan Province, upper-central Thailand, for 3 d to determine the colonization time by carrion flies. In total, 21,536 arthropods were collected using traps placed over each carcass. Carrion flies of the family Calliphoridae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae predominated (93.42%). Of these, Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) were the dominant species being 36.18% and 35.36%, respectively, across season. These species arrived immediately (5 min) after placement of the carrion in the field during the rainy season, while they were delayed 1-2 h during the dry season. Chrysomya megacephala, C. rufifacies, and Parasarcophaga dux (Thomson) colonized the remains. Time of colonization by C. megacephala and C. rufifacies occurred mostly at ∼1600-1700 hours (10-11 h after placement) for all seasons. In contrast, TOC by P. dux was delayed for 1 d during rainy and dry season. These results mark the first record of carrion fly colonization in this area and also may deserve important information for the further study as they demonstrate time of colonization differs from TOP and most importantly TOD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Forenses
Muscidae
Sarcofagídeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Galinhas
Feminino
Oviposição
Estações do Ano
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx082


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[PMID]:28423414
[Au] Autor:Holderman CJ; Wood LA; Geden CJ; Kaufman PE
[Ad] Endereço:Entomology and Nematology Department, IFAS, University of Florida, 1881 Natural Area Dr, Gainesville, FL 32611-0620 ( chrish2@ksu.edu ; lawood@ufl.edu ; pkaufman@ufl.edu ).
[Ti] Título:Discovery, Development, and Evaluation of a Horn Fly-Isolated (Diptera: Muscidae) Beauveria bassiana (Hypocreales: Cordyciptaceae) Strain From Florida, USA.
[So] Source:J Insect Sci;17(2), 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1536-2442
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The horn fly, Haematobia irritans (L.) is an important cattle pest and traditionally has been managed using insecticides; however, many horn fly populations are insecticide-resistant in United States. Use of alternative control techniques has been limited because of the challenges of managing a fly pest on pastured cattle. After the discovery of a wild horn fly infected with Beauveria bassiana in Florida, the fungus was cultured and evaluated for efficacy against laboratory-reared horn flies. This fungal strain was selected for increased virulence by passage through laboratory-reared horn fly hosts to shorten interval from infection to fly death and subsequent conidia formation, properties important to future use of the fungus as a biological control agent against horn flies. After seven passages through horn fly hosts, fly mortality was not significantly accelerated as evaluated through LT50 values, but conidia were readily produced from these killed flies. Although further development is needed to improve fungal efficacy, this fungal strain holds promise as a biological control agent for inclusion in horn fly integrated pest management programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Beauveria/fisiologia
Muscidae/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Beauveria/genética
Agentes de Controle Biológico/química
Florida
Seleção Genética
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biological Control Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170714
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170714
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jisesa/iex019


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[PMID]:28399282
[Au] Autor:Smythe BG; Urias S; Wise ME; Scholljegerdes EJ; Summers AF; Bailey DW
[Ad] Endereço:Center for Animal Health and Food Safety New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM 88003.
[Ti] Título:Comparing Visual and Digital Counting Methods to Estimate Horn Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Populations on Cattle.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(4):980-984, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Horn fly, Haematobia irritans (L.), population estimates often serve as a diagnostic tool prior to implementing managerial control options available to researchers and producers. Digital photographs taken of cattle infested with horn flies have been suggested to provide similarly accurate population estimates as compared with traditional visual assessments. The objective of this study was to compare visual and digital techniques used to estimate horn fly populations. Sixteen Angus × Hereford yearling heifers artificially infested with four levels of horn flies (Low = 0 flies; Medium = 250 flies; High = 500 flies; Extreme = 1,000 flies) were evaluated. Population estimates were taken visually by experienced (VE1) and inexperienced (VE2) technicians, as well as digitally, with photographs taken on both lateral sides of the south-facing animal. Horn flies were counted in both photographs and combined (CDC) for full body estimates. In addition, the highest photographed side population times two (DDC) was used for comparison. Estimations were made at 0700, 1200, and 1900 h the day following infestation. A time of observation × infestation level interaction (P < 0.01) was detected. On average, VE1 population estimates were greater (P < 0.01) than any other counting method observed. Morning estimates were greater (P < 0.05) than those taken at noon or in the early evening regardless of counting method. Further research regarding the standardization of these techniques to ensure more accurate population estimates is needed before these methods can be incorporated into integrated pest management programs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Entomologia/métodos
Muscidae/fisiologia
Parasitologia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Ectoparasitoses/parasitologia
Ectoparasitoses/veterinária
Feminino
Fotografia/veterinária
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjw248


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[PMID]:28398534
[Au] Autor:Dubie TR; Talley JL; Payne JB; Wayadande AW; Dillwith J; Richards C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, 127 Noble Research Center, Stillwater, OK 74078.
[Ti] Título:Filth Fly Activity Associated With Composted and Noncomposted Beef Cadavers and Laboratory Studies on Volatile Organic Compounds.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1299-1304, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Commercial livestock facilities are faced with the challenge of managing large amounts of waste including manure and animal mortalities. One method of disposing of dead animals is composting. The cadavers are enveloped in carbon material that creates a barrier between the dead tissue and the surrounding environment. Dead tissue can release materials that not only contaminate the soil but also the groundwater and nearby surface water. Animal cadaver composting is designed to facilitate decomposition without the aid of carrion-feeding insects and reduce the presence of common pathogens associated with animal waste and dead tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate insect activity associated with composted and exposed beef cadavers, specifically filth flies that can serve as mechanical vectors of important human pathogens such as E. coli 0157:H7. Greater numbers of all types of arthropods were trapped overall at the exposed animal site than the composted animal site. Most importantly, the number of filth flies was significantly lower at the composted site (P = 0.0009). Laboratory analysis of volatile organic compounds from composted and noncomposted rats indicated that known fly attractants such as dimethyl disulfide may be inhibited by the composting process. Implementing composting programs at livestock facilities could reduce the risk of flies spreading harmful pathogens to surrounding areas, including farms that grow fresh produce.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Bovinos
Dípteros/fisiologia
Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cadáver
Muscidae/fisiologia
Dinâmica Populacional
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Volatile Organic Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx073


  9 / 800 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28387808
[Au] Autor:Breijo M; Rocha S; Ures X; Pastro L; Alonzo P; Fernández C; Meikle A
[Ad] Endereço:Unidad de Reactivos y Biomodelos de Experimentación, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de la República, Gral. Flores 2125, Montevideo, Uruguay ( mbreijo@fmed.edu.uy ; gabrielrocha85@gmail.com ; ximenaures@gmail.com ; palonzo@higiene.edu.uy ).
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of Hematobin as a Vaccine Candidate to Control Haematobia irritans (Diptera: Muscidae) Loads in Cattle.
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;110(3):1390-1393, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-291X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The horn fly, Haematobia irritans (L.), is a blood-sucking livestock ectoparasite responsible for substantial livestock losses. In the present work, the potential use of recombinant hematobin (HTB), a horn fly salivary protein, as an antigen for cattle vaccination was investigated. In this trial, horn fly loads and H. irritans's blood intake were assessed in vaccinated (n = 4) and control (n = 4) crossbred dark-coated steers, which were naturally infected. The vaccinated group received a 1 ml subcutaneous injection of 100 µg of HTB protein emulsified in 500 µl of Incomplete Freund Adjuvant (AIF) on days 0 and 30. The control group received on the same days 1 ml of distilled water emulsified in 500 µl of AIF. The vaccinated group had significantly more HTB-specific IgG antibodies after the HTB booster and had a lower fly load than the control group (206 ± 23 vs. 285 ± 23 flies per animal, respectively). Blood intake by H. irritans did not differ between groups. In summary, these results suggest that vaccinating cattle with HTB could reduce cattle H. irritans load.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/prevenção & controle
Ectoparasitoses/veterinária
Proteínas de Insetos/farmacologia
Muscidae/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bovinos
Ectoparasitoses/prevenção & controle
Masculino
Proteínas Recombinantes/farmacologia
Vacinas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insect Proteins); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); 0 (Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170408
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jee/tox104


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[PMID]:28369413
[Au] Autor:Taylor DB; Friesen K; Zhu J
[Ad] Endereço:USDA, ARS Agroecosystem Management Research Unit, Lincoln, NE (dave.taylor@ars.usda.gov; kristina.friesen@ars.usda.gov; Jerry.Zhu@ars.usda.gov).
[Ti] Título:Precipitation and Temperature Effects on Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Population Dynamics.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(3):434-439, 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The dynamics of stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), populations relative to temperature and precipitation were evaluated in a 13-yr study in eastern Nebraska. During the course of the study, >1.7 million stable flies were collected on an array of 25 sticky traps. A log-normal model using degree-days with a 15 °C threshold and weekly lags 0-4 for temperature and 2-7 for precipitation provided the best fit with the observed data. The relationships of temperature and precipitation to stable fly trap catches were both curvilinear, with maxima at 6.6 degree-day-15 (≈22 °C) and 7.4 mm precipitation per day, respectively. The temperature and precipitation model accounted for 72% of the variance in seasonal trap catches.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Controle de Insetos
Muscidae/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Modelos Biológicos
Nebraska
Dinâmica Populacional
Chuvas
Estações do Ano
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx032



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