Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.500.131.617.720.500.500.750.797 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 156 [refinar]
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  1 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610384
[Au] Autor:Mulieri PR
[Ad] Endereço:Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia", Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Av. Angel Gallardo 470, C1405DJR, Buenos Aires, Argentina.. mulierii@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Saying goodbye to monotypy in the poorly known genus Austrophyto Lopes, 1989 (Diptera: Sarcophagidae): new diagnosis and description of two new species.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4268(1):88-100, 2017 05 15.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Argentinean endemic genus Austrophyto Lopes, 1989 is revised. The diagnosis of the genus is revised and circumscribed, especially focusing on the configuration of the male terminalia. The male of Austrophyto cordobensis is redescribed and two new species, A. noa sp. nov. and A. mariluisi sp. nov., are described. Structures of the male terminalia of all species are documented and compared. A key to the adult males of the species is presented. The genus Austrophyto Lopes is now represented by three species distributed in north-western Argentina.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Sarcofagídeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Argentina
Dípteros
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4268.1.5


  2 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28444209
[Au] Autor:Moophayak K; Sukontason KL; Ruankham W; Tomberlin JK; Bunchu N
[Ad] Endereço:Mahidol University, Nakhonsawan Campus, Nakhonsawan 60130, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Variation in the Time of Colonization of Broiler Carcasses by Carrion Flies in Nakhonsawan Province, Thailand.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1157-1166, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Carrion flies are the primary insects colonizing vertebrate carrion; however, limited information is available on the variation in the time of colonization (TOC) as related to time of placement (TOP) and time of death (TOD), particularly in Thailand. Three seasonal sets of nine broiler carcasses (euthanized and placed in field within 0.5 h after death) were placed in mesh enclosures within a disturbed deciduous dipterocarp forest at Nakhonsawan Province, upper-central Thailand, for 3 d to determine the colonization time by carrion flies. In total, 21,536 arthropods were collected using traps placed over each carcass. Carrion flies of the family Calliphoridae, Muscidae, and Sarcophagidae predominated (93.42%). Of these, Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) were the dominant species being 36.18% and 35.36%, respectively, across season. These species arrived immediately (5 min) after placement of the carrion in the field during the rainy season, while they were delayed 1-2 h during the dry season. Chrysomya megacephala, C. rufifacies, and Parasarcophaga dux (Thomson) colonized the remains. Time of colonization by C. megacephala and C. rufifacies occurred mostly at ∼1600-1700 hours (10-11 h after placement) for all seasons. In contrast, TOC by P. dux was delayed for 1 d during rainy and dry season. These results mark the first record of carrion fly colonization in this area and also may deserve important information for the further study as they demonstrate time of colonization differs from TOP and most importantly TOD.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ciências Forenses
Muscidae
Sarcofagídeos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Galinhas
Feminino
Oviposição
Estações do Ano
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx082


  3 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28399288
[Au] Autor:Dufek MI; Mulieri PR
[Ad] Endereço:Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET). Universidad Nacional del Nordeste, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales y Agrimensura, Biología de los Artrópodos, Libertad St. 5470, Corrientes, Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Two New Species of Oxysarcodexia Townsend (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) From the Chaco Forest Ecoregion of South America.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(4):917-924, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two new Neotropical species of the genus Oxysarcodexia Townsend (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) from Chaco ecoregion of Argentina are described, O. berthet, sp. nov. and O. ibera, sp. nov. Both species were recovered from localities in the eastern part of the Chaco forest (Humid Chaco). The descriptions are based on the male external morphology and terminalia. Photographs and SEM images are provided to aid in the identification of the species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Sarcofagídeos/anatomia & histologia
Sarcofagídeos/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Argentina
Genitália Masculina/anatomia & histologia
Genitália Masculina/ultraestrutura
Masculino
Microscopia Eletroquímica de Varredura
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
Sarcofagídeos/ultraestrutura
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx054


  4 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28398534
[Au] Autor:Dubie TR; Talley JL; Payne JB; Wayadande AW; Dillwith J; Richards C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, 127 Noble Research Center, Stillwater, OK 74078.
[Ti] Título:Filth Fly Activity Associated With Composted and Noncomposted Beef Cadavers and Laboratory Studies on Volatile Organic Compounds.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(5):1299-1304, 2017 Sep 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Commercial livestock facilities are faced with the challenge of managing large amounts of waste including manure and animal mortalities. One method of disposing of dead animals is composting. The cadavers are enveloped in carbon material that creates a barrier between the dead tissue and the surrounding environment. Dead tissue can release materials that not only contaminate the soil but also the groundwater and nearby surface water. Animal cadaver composting is designed to facilitate decomposition without the aid of carrion-feeding insects and reduce the presence of common pathogens associated with animal waste and dead tissue. The aim of this study was to evaluate insect activity associated with composted and exposed beef cadavers, specifically filth flies that can serve as mechanical vectors of important human pathogens such as E. coli 0157:H7. Greater numbers of all types of arthropods were trapped overall at the exposed animal site than the composted animal site. Most importantly, the number of filth flies was significantly lower at the composted site (P = 0.0009). Laboratory analysis of volatile organic compounds from composted and noncomposted rats indicated that known fly attractants such as dimethyl disulfide may be inhibited by the composting process. Implementing composting programs at livestock facilities could reduce the risk of flies spreading harmful pathogens to surrounding areas, including farms that grow fresh produce.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos
Bovinos
Dípteros/fisiologia
Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cadáver
Muscidae/fisiologia
Dinâmica Populacional
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Volatile Organic Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjx073


  5 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28397606
[Au] Autor:Yamamoto M; Nishimura K; Shiga S
[Ad] Endereço:1 Department of Biology and Geosciences, Graduate School of Science, Osaka City University, Osaka 558-8585, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Clock and Hormonal Controls of an Eclosion Gate in the Flesh Fly Sarcophaga crassipalpis.
[So] Source:Zoolog Sci;34(2):151-160, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:0289-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The eclosion gate in insect development is controlled by the circadian clock and hormonal cascade. To study mechanisms underlying the eclosion gate, we examined eclosion-timing signals from the circadian clock, and the role of 20-hydroxyecdysone in the eclosion gate of the flesh fly, Sarcophaga crassipalpis. Phase responses of the eclosion rhythm were examined by applying a low-temperature pulse in the day prior to the first eclosion peak. A low-temperature pulse applied about 5.4 h before eclosion advanced an eclosion peak by 0.9 h. This indicates that an interval from the Zeitgeber (external environmental cues) input to the behavioral output by the circadian clock is 4.5 h. Signals released by the circadian clock in the last 4.5 h before eclosion could change eclosion time. In the prothoracic gland, daily changes in immunoreactivity against a circadian clock protein PERIOD were observed in the last two days before eclosion. Hemolymph titers of 20-hydroxyecdysone were very low in the last two days of the pupal period. 20-hydroxyecdysone injections caused a delay, not an advancement, in eclosion time in a time dependent manner: pharate adults were sensitive to 20-hydroxyecdysone about 20 and 16 h before eclosion, whereas no significant effects were observed about 12 and 8 h before eclosion. These results suggest that 20-hydroxyecdysone is not a timing signal submitted by the circadian clock but an indicator to suppress premature eclosion. The circadian clock in the prothoracic gland presumably sends a signal distinct from ecdysteroids from several hours before eclosion to time the onset of eclosion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Relógios Circadianos/fisiologia
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos
Estágios do Ciclo de Vida/fisiologia
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ecdisteroides/farmacologia
Estágios do Ciclo de Vida/efeitos dos fármacos
Pupa/efeitos dos fármacos
Pupa/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ecdysteroids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170824
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170824
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2108/zs160153


  6 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28369231
[Au] Autor:Barbosa TM; Carmo RFR; Silva LP; Sales RG; Vasconcelos SD
[Ad] Endereço:Insects of Forensic Importance Research Group, Department of Zoology, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco. Av. Prof. Moraes Rego, 50.670-420, Recife - PE, Brazil (tacianomoura7@gmail.com; carmo.rfr@gmail.com; link.lpjr@gmail.com; raiguerra_@hotmail.com; simaovasconcelos@yahoo.com.br).
[Ti] Título:Diversity of Sarcosaprophagous Calyptratae (Diptera) on Sandy Beaches Exposed to Increasing Levels of Urbanization in Brazil.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(3):460-469, 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sandy beaches are among the most impacted ecosystems worldwide, and the effects of urbanization on the biodiversity of these habitats are largely unknown, particularly in Brazil. We investigated the composition and structure of assemblages of sarcosaprophagous insects (Diptera: Calliphoridae, Sarcophagidae, and Muscidae) on six sandy beaches exposed to differential levels of human impact in Pernambuco State, Brazil. In total, 20,672 adults of 40 species were collected, of which 70% were Calliphoridae. Sarcophagidae had the highest diversity with 26 species of nine genera. A strong overlap in the composition of the assemblages across the six beaches was observed, with only a few species being restricted to one type of beach. The flesh flies Dexosarcophaga carvalhoi (Lopes), Peckia intermutans (Walker), and Titanogrypa larvicida (Lopes) occurred exclusively in beaches under low anthropogenic impact. Species with strong medical and veterinary importance such as Synthesiomyia nudiseta (Wulp) occurred even in beaches under low human presence. The invasive species Chrysomya albiceps (Wiedemann) and Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Calliphoridae) were dominant in all beaches, which exposes the vulnerability of sandy beaches to exotic species. Our data imply that sarcosaprophagous flies can be used as early biological indicators to suggest urbanization in coastal environments.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Dípteros/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Praias
Brasil
Feminino
Espécies Introduzidas
Masculino
Muscidae/fisiologia
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
Urbanização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170404
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx059


  7 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28300610
[Au] Autor:Reynolds JA; Peyton JT; Denlinger DL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolution, Ecology, and Organismal Biology, The Ohio State University, Columbus OH 43210, USA. Electronic address: reynolds.473@osu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Changes in microRNA abundance may regulate diapause in the flesh fly, Sarcophaga bullata.
[So] Source:Insect Biochem Mol Biol;84:1-14, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0240
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Diapause, an alternative developmental pathway characterized by changes in developmental timing and metabolism, is coordinated by molecular mechanisms that are not completely understood. MicroRNA (miRNA) mediated gene silencing is emerging as a key component of animal development and may have a significant role in initiating, maintaining, and terminating insect diapause. In the present study, we test this possibility by using high-throughput sequencing and qRT-PCR to discover diapause-related shifts in miRNA abundance in the flesh fly, Sarcophaga bullata. We identified ten evolutionarily conserved miRNAs that were differentially expressed in diapausing pupae compared to their nondiapausing counterparts. miR-289-5p and miR-1-3p were overexpressed in diapausing pupae and may be responsible for silencing expression of candidate genes during diapause. miR-9c-5p, miR-13b-3p, miR-31a-5p, miR-92b-3p, miR-275-3p, miR-276a-3p, miR-277-3p, and miR-305-5p were underexpressed in diapausing pupae and may contribute to increased expression of heat shock proteins and other factors necessary for the enhanced environmental stress-response that is a feature of diapause. In S. bullata, a maternal effect blocks the programming of diapause in progeny of females that have experienced pupal diapause, and in this study we report that several miRNAs, including miR-263a-5p, miR-100-5p, miR-125-5p, and let-7-5p were significantly overexpressed in such nondiapausing flies and may prevent entry into diapause. Together these miRNAs appear to be integral to the molecular processes that mediate entry into diapause.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Diapausa de Inseto
MicroRNAs/metabolismo
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Pupa/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (MicroRNAs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170317
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28209130
[Au] Autor:Teh CH; Nazni WA; Nurulhusna AH; Norazah A; Lee HL
[Ad] Endereço:Medical Entomology Unit, Infectious Disease Research Centre, Institute for Medical Research, Jalan Pahang, Kuala Lumpur, 50588, Malaysia. chienhuey@imr.gov.my.
[Ti] Título:Determination of antibacterial activity and minimum inhibitory concentration of larval extract of fly via resazurin-based turbidometric assay.
[So] Source:BMC Microbiol;17(1):36, 2017 Feb 16.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2180
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is currently a major global issue. As the rate of emergence of antimicrobial resistance has superseded the rate of discovery and introduction of new effective drugs, the medical arsenal now is experiencing shortage of effective drugs to combat diseases, particularly against diseases caused by the dreadful multidrug-resistant strains, such as the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The ability of fly larvae to thrive in septic habitats has prompted us to determine the antibacterial activity and minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of larval extract of flies, namely Lucilia cuprina, Sarcophaga peregrina and Musca domestica against 4 pathogenic bacteria [Staphylococcus aureus, methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA), Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli] via a simple and sensitive antibacterial assay, resazurin-based turbidometric (TB) assay as well as to demonstrate the preliminary chemical profile of larval extracts using gas chromatography-mass spectrophotometry (GC-MS). RESULTS: The resazurin-based TB assay demonstrated that the L. cuprina larval extract was inhibitory against all tested bacteria, whilst the larval extract of S. peregrina and M. domestica were only inhibitory against the MRSA, with a MIC of 100 mg ml . Subsequent sub-culture of aliquots revealed that the larval extract of L. cuprina was bactericidal against MRSA whilst the larval extracts of S. peregrina and M. domestica were bacteriostatic against MRSA. The GC-MS analysis had quantitatively identified 20 organic compounds (fatty acids or their derivatives, aromatic acid esters, glycosides and phenol) from the larval extract of L. cuprina; and 5 fatty acid derivatives with known antimicrobial activities from S. peregrina and M. domestica. CONCLUSION: The resazurin-based turbidometric assay is a simple, reliable and feasible screening assay which evidently demonstrated the antibacterial activity of all fly larval extracts, primarily against the MRSA. The larval extract of L. cuprina exerted a broad spectrum antibacterial activity against all tested bacteria. The present study revealed probable development and use of novel and effective natural disinfectant(s) and antibacterial agent(s) from flies and efforts to screen more fly species for antibacterial activity using resazurin-based TB assay should be undertaken for initial screening for subsequent discovery and isolation of potential novel antimicrobial substances, particularly against the multi-drug resistant strains.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Larva/química
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Oxazinas/química
Extratos de Tecidos/farmacologia
Xantenos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antibacterianos/química
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Dípteros/química
Descoberta de Drogas
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos
Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos
Ésteres/química
Ésteres/farmacologia
Ácidos Graxos/química
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
Glicosídeos/química
Moscas Domésticas/química
Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/efeitos dos fármacos
Fenol
Pseudomonas aeruginosa/efeitos dos fármacos
Sarcofagídeos/química
Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Esters); 0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Glycosides); 0 (Oxazines); 0 (Tissue Extracts); 0 (Xanthenes); 1FN9YD6968 (resazurin); 339NCG44TV (Phenol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170831
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170831
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170218
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12866-017-0936-3


  9 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28082632
[Au] Autor:Mulieri PR; Mello-Patiu CA; Aballay FH
[Ad] Endereço:Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas, Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales "Bernardino Rivadavia" (MACN), Buenos Aires, Argentina (mulierii@yahoo.com) mulierii@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Taxonomic Revision of Lipoptilocnema (Diptera: Sarcophagidae), With Notes on Natural History and Forensic Importance of Its Species.
[So] Source:J Med Entomol;54(1):50-75, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2928
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lipoptilocnema Townsend is a small genus of Neotropical Sarcophaginae with a distinctive genitalic morphology. This genus is revised based on the examination of the type series and large numbers of specimens of the seven previously known species, plus three new ones herein described, one from Argentina (L. delfinado Mulieri and Mello-Patiu, sp. nov.), and two from Brazil (L. savana Mulieri and Mello-Patiu, sp. nov. and L. tibanae Mulieri and Mello-Patiu, sp. nov.). All species are described or redescribed and illustrated. Distribution maps and a key for male identification are provided. The taxonomic position of this genus is reviewed and the interpretation of phallic structures is discussed. Notes on the natural history of Lipoptilocnema species are provided, and their potential importance as PMI indicators is highlighted, including the first record of Lipoptilocnema reared from a dead human body.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Distribuição Animal
Sarcofagídeos/anatomia & histologia
Sarcofagídeos/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Entomologia
Feminino
Ciências Forenses
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Larva/classificação
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Masculino
Sarcofagídeos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sarcofagídeos/fisiologia
América do Sul
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170823
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170823
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170114
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jme/tjw099


  10 / 156 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28027962
[Au] Autor:Buenaventura E; Pape T
[Ad] Endereço:Natural History Museum of Denmark, Zoological Museum, Universitetsparken 15, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark; National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, United States. Electronic address: elianabuenaventura@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Multilocus and multiregional phylogeny reconstruction of the genus Sarcophaga (Diptera, Sarcophagidae).
[So] Source:Mol Phylogenet Evol;107:619-629, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1095-9513
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The flesh-fly genus Sarcophaga is extremely diverse and contains ca. 30% of the species in the family Sarcophagidae (∼3000 species). The phylogenetic position of the genus-group taxa Helicobia, Lipoptilocnema, and Peckia remains uncertain with respect to the hyperdiverse Sarcophaga, due to conflicting phylogenetic trees and insufficient sampling in recent studies. We present maximum-likelihood and Bayesian phylogenetic analyses of 145 species of 48 subgenera of the genus Sarcophaga from all biogeographic regions based on the molecular markers COI, 28 D1-D3 expansion regions, EF1α, and white. Our analyses find (Lipoptilocnema+Peckia) as the sister group of the monophyletic Sarcophaga. The genus Helicobia is placed outside Sarcophaga. Our hypotheses suggest that the ancestor shared by Sarcophaga and its sister clade originated in the Neotropical region, and the subsequent range expansion might be related to the formation of the Isthmus of Panama. This study supports the monophyly of most of the subgenera of Sarcophaga included here, and it shows the evolution of this genus to be a rapid radiation occurring in the Nearctic region with a subsequent dispersal into the Old World. The subgeneric clusters within Sarcophaga are in agreement with the current classification, with only Mauritiella, Rosellea, Helicophagella, Liosarcophaga, and Sarcorohdendorfia being non-monophyletic. We also validate the monotypic condition of 10 subgenera.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Loci Gênicos
Filogenia
Sarcofagídeos/classificação
Sarcofagídeos/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
Funções Verossimilhança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161229
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde