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  1 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29368265
[Au] Autor:Yoshimura H; Yamada YY
[Ad] Endereço:Insect Ecology Laboratory, Graduate School of Bioresources, Mie University, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Caste-fate determination primarily occurs after adult emergence in a primitively eusocial paper wasp: significance of the photoperiod during the adult stage.
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;105(1-2):15, 2018 Jan 24.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Independent-founding paper wasps constitute a major group of primitively eusocial insects, and when caste-fate determination occurs in temperate species of these wasps, particularly regarding whether it occurs before or after emergence, remains unclear. No critical morphological differences occur between potential queens of the next generation (often called gynes) and workers in primitively eusocial insects. The gynes of temperate species are characterized by diapausing, and the nutrients available during the larval stage have often been believed to determine caste fate. Short days usually induce diapause in temperate nonsocial insects, although few investigations of the effects of day length on caste-fate determination in paper wasps have been conducted. By exposing individuals to different combinations of short and long days during the immature and adult stages, we show for the first time that short days during the adult stage (but not during the immature stage) facilitated caste-fate determination toward gynes in a paper wasp. Moreover, the decision to diapause partly depended on changes in the photoperiod during the pupal and adult stages. The size of the adult also affected caste-fate determination, with diapause more likely to occur in large adults, but this size effect did not occur when individuals were exposed to many short days during the pupal stage. In addition, all adults except for a small proportion of smaller individuals prepared for diapause under short days. These findings suggest that the photoperiod is a higher priority cue than adult size.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hierarquia Social
Fotoperíodo
Vespas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Especificidade da Espécie
Vespas/anatomia & histologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180302
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180302
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-018-1541-5


  2 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28464964
[Au] Autor:Giunti G; Benelli G; Palmeri V; Canale A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agriculture,University "Mediterranea" of Reggio Calabria,Loc. Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria,Italy.
[Ti] Título:Bactrocera oleae-induced olive VOCs routing mate searching in Psyttalia concolor males: impact of associative learning.
[So] Source:Bull Entomol Res;108(1):40-47, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1475-2670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Olfaction is a key sense routing foraging behaviour in parasitoids. Preferences for food, mate and host stimuli can be innate in parasitic wasps. Alternatively, learning-mediated mechanisms play a crucial role. Females of the braconid parasitoid Psyttalia concolor exploit olfactory cues arising from tephritid hosts and related microhabitats. However, little is known on the olfactory stimuli routing males searching for mates. In this study, we focused on the attractiveness of Bactrocera oleae-induced olive volatiles towards P. concolor males. Furthermore, we evaluated learning occurrence in virgin males, when trained for selected unattractive volatile organic compounds (VOCs) associated with mate rewards. (E)-ß-Ocimene, α-pinene and limonene attracted virgin males in Y-tube bioassays. Unattractive VOCs evoked positive chemotaxis after associative learning training. P. concolor males exposed to VOCs during a successful or unsuccessful mating, showed short-term preference for these VOCs (<1 h). However, memory consolidation was strictly dependent on reward value. Indeed, males experiencing a successful mating showed a fast consolidation into protein dependent long-term memory, appearing after 24 h. On the other hand, males experiencing a less valuable training experience (i.e. unsuccessful courtship), did not show consolidated memory after 24 h. Overall, our findings suggest that P. concolor virgin males may exploit VOCs from the host microhabitat to boost their mate searching activity, thus their reproductive success. However, since learning is a costly process, P. concolor males retained durable memories just in presence of a valuable reward, thus avoiding maladaptive behaviours.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aprendizagem por Associação
Olea/química
Tephritidae
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis
Vespas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Larva
Masculino
Comportamento Sexual Animal
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Volatile Organic Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170504
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0007485317000451


  3 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29250744
[Au] Autor:Yadav P; Desireddy S; Kasinathan S; Bessière JM; Borges RM
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 560012, India.
[Ti] Título:History Matters: Oviposition Resource Acceptance in an Exploiter of a Nursery Pollination Mutualism.
[So] Source:J Chem Ecol;44(1):18-28, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1573-1561
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In the fig-fig wasp nursery pollination system, parasitic wasps, such as gallers and parasitoids that oviposit from the exterior into the fig syconium (globular, enclosed inflorescence) are expected to use a variety of chemical cues for successful location of their hidden hosts. Behavioral assays were performed with freshly eclosed naive galler wasps. Syconia with different oviposition histories, i.e. with or without prior oviposition, were presented to wasps in no-choice assays and the time taken to the first oviposition attempt was recorded. The wasps exhibited a preference for syconia previously exposed to conspecifics for oviposition over unexposed syconia. Additionally, syconia exposed to oviposition by heterospecific wasps were also preferred for oviposition over unexposed syconia indicating that wasps recognise and respond to interspecific cues. Wasps also aggregated for oviposition on syconia previously exposed to oviposition by conspecifics. We investigated chemical cues that wasps may employ in accepting an oviposition resource by analyzing syconial volatile profiles, chemical footprints left by wasps on syconia, and syconial surface hydrocarbons. The volatile profile of a syconium is influenced by the identity of wasps developing within and may be used to identify suitable host syconia at long range whereas close range preference seems to exploit wasp footprints that alter syconium surface hydrocarbon profiles. These cues act as indicators of the oviposition history of the syconium, thereby helping wasps in their oviposition decisions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Polinização/fisiologia
Vespas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Frutas/química
Frutas/metabolismo
Frutas/parasitologia
Oviposição/fisiologia
Plantas/química
Plantas/metabolismo
Plantas/parasitologia
Simbiose
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
Vespas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Volatile Organic Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171219
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10886-017-0914-0


  4 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188381
[Au] Autor:Rahimi-Kaldeh S; Ashouri A; Bandani A; Tomioka K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plant Protection, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Tehran, Karaj, Iran.
[Ti] Título:The effect of Wolbachia on diapause, fecundity, and clock gene expression in Trichogramma brassicae (Hymenoptera: Trichogrammatidae).
[So] Source:Dev Genes Evol;227(6):401-410, 2017 11.
[Is] ISSN:1432-041X
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The short day lengths of late summer in moderate regions are used to induce diapause in various insects. Many studies have shown the maternal effect of photoperiod on diapause induction of Trichogramma wasps, but there is no study to show the relationship between photoperiodic regimes and clock genes in these useful biological control agents. Here, we investigated the role of photoperiods on diapause, fecundity, and clock gene expression (clk, cyc, cry2, per, and timeout) in asexual and sexual Trichogramma brassicae as a model insect to find any differences between two strains. Asexual strain was infected by Wolbachia, an endosymbiont bacterium. The diapause percentage was significantly higher under short days (8 h in sexual and 12 h in the asexual T. brassicae), although the diapause percentage of the sexual strain was significantly higher than the asexual one in all the photoperiods. The ANOVA revealed no significant changes between different photoperiods in the clock gene expression in the sexual strain but significant photoperiodic changes in clk, cyc, and timeout in the asexual strain. Our results showed that the mRNA levels of clock genes of asexual T. brassicae were significantly lower than those of sexual strain. The fecundity was significantly higher in the asexual strain. These results suggest that Wolbachia infection makes disturbance on the clock gene expression which consequently reduces the percentage of diapause but increases the fecundity in asexual T. brassicae.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas CLOCK/genética
Diapausa
Proteínas de Insetos/genética
Vespas/genética
Vespas/fisiologia
Wolbachia/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Feminino
Expressão Gênica
Fotoperíodo
RNA Mensageiro
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insect Proteins); 0 (RNA, Messenger); EC 2.3.1.48 (CLOCK Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00427-017-0597-0


  5 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29261775
[Au] Autor:Elia M; Blancato G; Picchi L; Lucas C; Bagnères AG; Lorenzi MC
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Life Sciences and Systems Biology, University of Turin, Torino, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Nest signature changes throughout colony cycle and after social parasite invasion in social wasps.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0190018, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Social insects recognize their nestmates by means of a cuticular hydrocarbon signature shared by colony members, but how nest signature changes across time has been rarely tested in longitudinal studies and in the field. In social wasps, the chemical signature is also deposited on the nest surface, where it is used by newly emerged wasps as a reference to learn their colony odor. Here, we investigate the temporal variations of the chemical signature that wasps have deposited on their nests. We followed the fate of the colonies of the social paper wasp Polistes biglumis in their natural environment from colony foundation to decline. Because some colonies were invaded by the social parasite Polistes atrimandibularis, we also tested the effects of social parasites on the nest signature. We observed that, as the season progresses, the nest signature changed; the overall abundance of hydrocarbons as well as the proportion of longer-chain and branched hydrocarbons increased. Where present, social parasites altered the host-nest signature qualitatively (adding parasite-specific alkenes) and quantitatively (by interfering with the increase in overall hydrocarbon abundance). Our results show that 1) colony odor is highly dynamic both in colonies controlled by legitimate foundresses and in those controlled by social parasites; 2) emerged offspring contribute little to colony signature, if at all, in comparison to foundresses; and 3) social parasites, that later mimic host signature, initially mark host nests with species-specific hydrocarbons. This study implies that important updating of the neural template used in nestmate recognition should occur in social insects.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Espécies Introduzidas
Comportamento de Nidação
Comportamento Social
Vespas/fisiologia
Vespas/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cromatografia Gasosa
Hidrocarbonetos/análise
Parasitos/fisiologia
Análise de Componente Principal
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hydrocarbons)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171221
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190018


  6 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28449654
[Au] Autor:Salazar-Jaramillo L; Jalvingh KM; de Haan A; Kraaijeveld K; Buermans H; Wertheim B
[Ad] Endereço:Groningen Institute for Evolutionary Life Sciences, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, Groningen, 9700 CC, The Netherlands. lauraalazar@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Inter- and intra-species variation in genome-wide gene expression of Drosophila in response to parasitoid wasp attack.
[So] Source:BMC Genomics;18(1):331, 2017 04 27.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2164
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Parasitoid resistance in Drosophila varies considerably, among and within species. An immune response, lamellocyte-mediated encapsulation, evolved in a subclade of Drosophila and was subsequently lost in at least one species within this subclade. While the mechanisms of resistance are fairly well documented in D. melanogaster, much less is known for closely related species. Here, we studied the inter- and intra-species variation in gene expression after parasitoid attack in Drosophila. We used RNA-seq after parasitization of four closely related Drosophila species of the melanogaster subgroup and replicated lines of D. melanogaster experimentally selected for increased resistance to gain insights into short- and long-term evolutionary changes. RESULTS: We found a core set of genes that are consistently up-regulated after parasitoid attack in the species and lines tested, regardless of their level of resistance. Another set of genes showed no up-regulation or expression in D. sechellia, the species unable to raise an immune response against parasitoids. This set consists largely of genes that are lineage-restricted to the melanogaster subgroup. Artificially selected lines did not show significant differences in gene expression with respect to non-selected lines in their responses to parasitoid attack, but several genes showed differential exon usage. CONCLUSIONS: We showed substantial similarities, but also notable differences, in the transcriptional responses to parasitoid attack among four closely related Drosophila species. In contrast, within D. melanogaster, the responses were remarkably similar. We confirmed that in the short-term, selection does not act on a pre-activation of the immune response. Instead it may target alternative mechanisms such as differential exon usage. In the long-term, we found support for the hypothesis that the ability to immunologically resist parasitoid attack is contingent on new genes that are restricted to the melanogaster subgroup.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drosophila/genética
Drosophila/parasitologia
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Genômica
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Vespas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Evolução Molecular
Genes de Insetos/genética
Anotação de Sequência Molecular
Homologia de Sequência do Ácido Nucleico
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12864-017-3697-3


  7 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459960
[Au] Autor:Manoj K; Rajesh TP; Prashanth Ballullaya U; Meharabi KM; Shibil VK; Rajmohana K; Sinu PA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science, Central University of Kerala, Padannakad PO 671?314, Kasaragod, Kerala, India (k.manoj878@gmail.com; rajeshbichu@gmail.com; pbu648694@gmail.com; meharabikm@gmail.com; shibilvk@gmail.com; sinu@cukerala.ac.in).
[Ti] Título:Diversity of Platygastridae in Leaf Litter and Understory Layers of Tropical Rainforests of the Western Ghats Biodiversity Hotspot, India.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(3):685-692, 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Platygastridae is the third largest family of parasitic Hymenoptera in the world. It includes important egg and larval parasitoids of insects and spiders. Therefore, Platygastridae is functionally important in maintaining the stability of tropical rainforests and agroecosystems. Although the diversity of Platygastridae is relatively well-known in agroecosystems, we know little about their diversity in tropical rainforests, and particularly about that of the leaf litter layer. Here, we address the importance of monitoring Platygastridae in tropical rainforests, using data from the relic primary forests of the sacred groves of the Western Ghats. First, we demonstrate that pitfall traps allow us to catch a wide array of representative diversity of Platygastridae of the tropical rainforests, and we establish an efficient collection method to study Platygastridae of leaf litter layer. Second, we demonstrate that the community structure and composition of Platygastridae of the leaf litter layer is different from that seen in the understory of the forests. This indirectly informs us that the Malaise traps capture only a minor subset of the species active in the rainforests. Third, we find that the dry and wet seasons captured dissimilar community of Platygastridae, suggesting that the season might alter the potential host species or host stages. We conclude that monitoring parasitic Hymenoptera in the leaf litter layer of tropical rainforests can provide fresh insights on the species distribution of both the parasitoids and their hosts, and allows us to examine the current state of the tropical rainforests from a functional point of view.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Entomologia/métodos
Vespas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Índia
Controle Biológico de Vetores
Floresta Úmida
Clima Tropical
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx080


  8 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29073190
[Au] Autor:Chiu YT; Bain A; Deng SL; Ho YC; Chen WH; Tzeng HY
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forestry, National Chung- Hsing University, Taichung, Taiwan.
[Ti] Título:Effects of climate change on a mutualistic coastal species: Recovery from typhoon damages and risks of population erosion.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186763, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Presently, climate change has increased the frequency of extreme meteorological events such as tropical cyclones. In the western Pacific basin, these cyclones are called typhoons, and in this area, around Taiwan Island, their frequency has almost doubled since 2000. When approaching landmasses, typhoons have devastating effects on coastal vegetation. The increased frequency of these events has challenged the survival of coastal plant species and their posttyphoon recovery. In this study, a population of coastal gynodioecious Ficus pedunculosa var. mearnsii (Mearns fig) was surveyed for two years to investigate its recovery after Typhoon Morakot, which occurred in August 2009. Similar to all the Ficus species, the Mearns fig has an obligate mutualistic association with pollinating fig wasp species, which requires syconia (the closed Ficus inflorescence) to complete its life cycle. Moreover, male gynodioecious fig species produces both pollen and pollen vectors, whereas the female counterpart produces only seeds. The recovery of the Mearns fig was observed to be rapid, with the production of both leaves and syconia. The syconium:leaf ratio was greater for male trees than for female trees, indicating the importance of syconium production for the wasp survival. Pollinating wasps live for approximately 1 day; therefore, receptive syconia are crucial. Every typhoon season, few typhoons pass by the coasts where the Mearns fig grows, destroying all the leaves and syconia. In this paper, we highlight the potential diminution of the fig population that can lead to the extinction of the mutualistic pair of species. The effects of climate change on coastal species warrant wider surveys.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mudança Climática
Tempestades Ciclônicas
Ficus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Modelos Biológicos
Polinização
Vespas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Taiwan
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171027
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186763


  9 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29049362
[Au] Autor:McGonigle JE; Leitão AB; Ommeslag S; Smith S; Day JP; Jiggins FM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Parallel and costly changes to cellular immunity underlie the evolution of parasitoid resistance in three Drosophila species.
[So] Source:PLoS Pathog;13(10):e1006683, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1553-7374
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A priority for biomedical research is to understand the causes of variation in susceptibility to infection. To investigate genetic variation in a model system, we used flies collected from single populations of three different species of Drosophila and artificially selected them for resistance to the parasitoid wasp Leptopilina boulardi, and found that survival rates increased 3 to 30 fold within 6 generations. Resistance in all three species involves a large increase in the number of the circulating hemocytes that kill parasitoids. However, the different species achieve this in different ways, with D. melanogaster moving sessile hemocytes into circulation while the other species simply produce more cells. Therefore, the convergent evolution of the immune phenotype has different developmental bases. These changes are costly, as resistant populations of all three species had greatly reduced larval survival. In all three species resistance is only costly when food is in short supply, and resistance was rapidly lost from D. melanogaster populations when food is restricted. Furthermore, evolving resistance to L. boulardi resulted in cross-resistance against other parasitoids. Therefore, whether a population evolves resistance will depend on ecological conditions including food availability and the presence of different parasite species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Resistência à Doença/genética
Drosophila/imunologia
Drosophila/parasitologia
Vespas/patogenicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Resistência à Doença/imunologia
Drosophila/genética
Imunidade Celular/genética
Imunidade Celular/imunologia
Especificidade da Espécie
Vespas/imunologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171020
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.ppat.1006683


  10 / 4552 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29020022
[Au] Autor:Rodriguez J; Waichert C; von Dohlen CD; Pitts JP
[Ad] Endereço:CSIRO, Australian National Insect Collection, Acton, ACT, Australia.
[Ti] Título:The geological record and phylogeny of spider wasps (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae): A revision of fossil species and their phylogenetic placement.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0185379, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Accurate fossil identification has become increasingly relevant with the widespread use of phylogenetic divergence time estimation methods, which rely on fossil data to determine clade hard-minimum ages. Here we revise, diagnose and illustrate known spider wasp (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae) fossil species and place them within the latest Pompilidae phylogenetic hypothesis. Ceropalites infelix Cockerell, from the Florissant Fossil Beds (Priabonian), is no longer recognized as Pompilidae, but as Aulacidae. Agenioideus saxigenus (Cockerell) comb. nov., Deuteragenia wettweri (Statz) comb. nov., Caputelus scudderi (Cockerell, 1906) comb. nov., Pepsinites avitula (Cockerell, 1941) comb. nov., Pepsinites contentus (Theobald, 1937) comb. nov., Pepsinites florissantensis (Cockerell, 1906) comb. nov., Pepsinites laminarum (Rohwer, 1909) comb. nov., Pepsinites scelerosus (Meunier, 1919) comb. nov., Pepsinites cockerellae (Rohwer, 1909) comb. nov., Pompilinites coquandi (Theobald, 1937) comb. nov., Pompilinites depressus (Statz, 1936) comb. nov., Pompilites incertus (Theobald, 1937) comb. nov., Pompilites induratus (Heer, 1849) comb. nov., Pompilites fasciatus (Theobald, 1937) comb. nov., and Pompilites senex comb. nov. are new combinations. Twenty-three fossil species of spider wasps are now recognized in 13 genera. Four new genera are proposed: Caputelus Waichert & Pitts gen. nov., Pompilites Rodriguez gen. nov., Pompilinites Rodriguez & Waichert gen. nov., and Pepsinites Rodriguez & Waichert gen. nov., of which the three latter are collective-group names for fossils with taxonomic uncertainty. One species of fossil spider wasp is described: Deuteragenia catalunyia Rodriguez, Waichert & Pitts sp. nov., from the Bellver deposits in Catalonia, Spain. Five of the 23 known species can be used to determine hard-minimum age for calibrations of genera stem-groups (Agenioideus, Anoplius, Cryptocheilus, Deuteragenia, Priocnemis). The fossil belonging to the stem-group of the tribe Ageniellini (Chubutholites) is not recommended for calibration because of the high uncertainty in its age and taxonomy. The remaining taxa can be assigned to the lineage comprising Pompilinae + Pepsinae (12 species) or crown-group Pompilidae (four species).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fósseis
Fenômenos Geológicos
Filogenia
Vespas/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Especificidade da Espécie
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171012
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0185379



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