Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.050.500.500.736.215 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 3254 [refinar]
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  1 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29401572
[Au] Autor:Pospekhova NA
[Ti] Título:[Morphology of Cestode with Atypical Mode of Attachment].
[So] Source:Parazitologiia;51(1):15-21, 2017 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0031-1847
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Morphological features of R a u s c h i ta e n ia a n c o ra (Mamaev, 1959), a cestode with atypical mode of attachment («anchoring¼ in the wall of the host intestine), are considered. At I he center of the overgrown scolex there is a rostellum, size of which is close to that of the developed metacestode. Large suckers are composed mainly of loose parenchyma and fine radial muscle fibers. Fragments of host tissue are noted in the suckers' cavity. Surface of I he scolex is covered with large microtriches, which are in contact with the host tissue having signs of degradation. Distal cytoplasm is filled with vesicles coming from tegumental cytons. Rostellar glands that are common to cyclophyllids are not found. Excretory canals contain fluid (closer to the surface) and numerous lipid droplets (deeper located canals).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças das Aves/parasitologia
Cestoides/anatomia & histologia
Cestoides/ultraestrutura
Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cestoides/fisiologia
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Charadriiformes/parasitologia
Intestinos/parasitologia
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28526420
[Au] Autor:Kawakami Y; Banzai-Umehara A
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Environmental Biology, School of Life and Environmental Science, Azabu University, 1-17-71 Fuchinobe, Chuo-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-5201, Japan. Electronic address: yasushi@azabu-u.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Reply to the comment on "Taxonomic comments on Diphyllobothrium hottai Yazaki, Fukumoto & Abe, 1988 (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae)".
[So] Source:Parasitol Int;67(1):95, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0329
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides
Diphyllobothrium
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170521
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28445773
[Au] Autor:Nakao M; Yanagida T
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Parasitology, Asahikawa Medical University, Asahikawa, Hokkaido 078-8510, Japan,. Electronic address: nakao@asahikawa-med.ac.jp.
[Ti] Título:Taxonomic comments on Diphyllobothrium hottai Yazaki, Fukumoto & Abe, 1988 (Cestoda: Diphyllobothriidae).
[So] Source:Parasitol Int;67(1):93-94, 2018 02.
[Is] ISSN:1873-0329
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides
Diphyllobothrium
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER; COMMENT
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180123
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180123
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211418
[Au] Autor:Anikieva LV; Ieshko EP; Ilmast NV
[Ti] Título:[NUMBER DISTRIBUTION AND POPULATION STRUCTURE OF PROTEOCEPHALUS LONGICOLLIS (ZEDER, 1800) (CESTODA: PROTEOCEPHALIDEA), A PARASITE OF SMELT AND COREGONIDS].
[So] Source:Parazitologiia;50(4):291-302, 2016 Jul-Aug.
[Is] ISSN:0031-1847
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The spatial structure and seasonal aspects in the number distribution of the cestode Proteocephalus longicollis population, maintained by trophic connections of specialized plankton-feeders (the vendace Coregonus albula L. and the smelt Osmerus eperlanus L.) in the Lake Onego were studied. Differences in the distribution of number of cestode population in host population, size-age structure, and pre-reproductive/reproductive stages ratio of the studied parasites were revealed. It was demonstrated that the spatial structure of P. longicollis was shaped by the specific characteristics of vendace and smelt populations in the Lake Onego. These species possess partially overlapping ecological niches and differences in the use of food resources, significantly determining the infection dynamics of the examined fish species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides/fisiologia
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia
Lagos/parasitologia
Osmeriformes/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cestoides/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28763517
[Au] Autor:Zanet S; Miglio G; Ferrari C; Bassano B; Ferroglio E; von Hardenberg A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Turin, Grugliasco (To), Italy.
[Ti] Título:Higher risk of gastrointestinal parasite infection at lower elevation suggests possible constraints in the distributional niche of Alpine marmots.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(8):e0182477, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alpine marmots Marmota marmota occupy a narrow altitudinal niche within high elevation alpine environments. For animals living at such high elevations where resources are limited, parasitism represents a potential major cost in life history. Using occupancy models, we tested if marmots living at higher elevation have a reduced risk of being infected with gastro-intestinal helminths, possibly compensating the lower availability of resources (shorter feeding season, longer snow cover and lower temperature) than marmots inhabiting lower elevations. Detection probability of eggs and oncospheres of two gastro-intestinal helminthic parasites, Ascaris laevis and Ctenotaenia marmotae, sampled in marmot feces, was used as a proxy of parasite abundance. As predicted, the models showed a negative relationship between elevation and parasite detectability (i.e. abundance) for both species, while there appeared to be a negative effect of solar radiance only for C. marmotae. Site-occupancy models are used here for the first time to model the constrains of gastrointestinal parasitism on a wild species and the relationship existing between endoparasites and environmental factors in a population of free-living animals. The results of this study suggest the future use of site-occupancy models as a viable tool to account for parasite imperfect detection in eco-parasitological studies, and give useful insights to further investigate the hypothesis of the contribution of parasite infection in constraining the altitudinal niche of Alpine marmots.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Altitude
Cestoides/isolamento & purificação
Enteropatias Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Enteropatias Parasitárias/veterinária
Marmota/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Selvagens/parasitologia
Doenças Transmissíveis
Itália
Probabilidade
Estações do Ano
Neve
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170802
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0182477


  6 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28594283
[Au] Autor:Oros M; Choudhury A; Scholz T
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Parasitology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Hlinkova 3, 04001 Kosice, Slovak Republic.
[Ti] Título:A Common Eurasian Fish Tapeworm, Caryophyllaeides fennica (Cestoda), in Western North America: Further Evidence of 'Amphi-Pacific' Vicariance in Freshwater Fish Parasites.
[So] Source:J Parasitol;103(5):486-496, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1937-2345
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The freshwater fish faunas of the Palaearctic and Nearctic regions show similarities but also notable differences, resulting in diverse distributions of their parasites. Relatively few parasite species occur in both regions and fewer still have been examined using molecular data. We report a rare example of 'amphi-Pacific' distribution, involving the common Palaearctic parasite, the caryophyllidean cestode Caryophyllaeides fennica (Schneider, 1902), in the chiselmouth Acrocheilus alutaceus Agassiz and Pickering, 1855, an endemic cyprinid in northwestern Nearctic, Oregon. Available information on nonnative fish species in Oregon suggests that the parasite is native to the area and not introduced. Molecular data (18S ribosomal [r]DNA, 28S rDNA, internal transcribed spacer 2, and cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 gene) indicate very little genetic divergence between representatives from the Palaearctic and Nearctic, and possibly a relatively more recent colonization of the Nearctic region by this cestode via the Beringian land bridge. This is remarkable considering that Acrocheilus has reportedly been in Oregon since the Miocene.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides/isolamento & purificação
Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária
Cyprinidae/parasitologia
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cestoides/classificação
Cestoides/genética
Cestoides/ultraestrutura
Infecções por Cestoides/epidemiologia
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Ciclo-Oxigenase 1/química
DNA de Helmintos/química
DNA Ribossômico/química
DNA Espaçador Ribossômico/química
Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia
Água Doce
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Oregon
RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética
RNA Ribossômico 28S/genética
Rios
Alinhamento de Sequência/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Helminth); 0 (DNA, Ribosomal); 0 (DNA, Ribosomal Spacer); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 18S); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 28S); EC 1.14.99.1 (Cyclooxygenase 1)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1645/16-80


  7 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28433562
[Au] Autor:Feng Y; Feng HL; Fang YH; Su YB
[Ad] Endereço:School of Urban Construction, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, Hubei, PR China. Electronic address: 785609881@qq.com.
[Ti] Título:Characterization of the complete mitochondrial genome of Khawia sinensis belongs among platyhelminths, cestodes.
[So] Source:Exp Parasitol;177:35-39, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2449
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Khawia sinensis is an important species in freshwater fish causing considerable economic losses to the breeding industry. This is the first mt genome of a caryophyllidean cestode characterised. The entire mt genome of K. sinensis is 13,759 bp in length. This mt genome contains 12 protein-coding genes, 22 transfer RNA genes, two ribosomal RNA genes and two non-coding regions. The arrangement of the K. sinensis mt genome is the same as other tapeworms, however, the incomplete stop codon (A) is more frequent that other species. Phylogenetic analyses based on concatenated amino-acid sequences of the 12 protein-coding genes of 17 tapeworms including K. sinensis were conducted to assess the relationship of K. sinensis with other species, the result indicated K. sinensis was closely related with cestode species. This complete mt genome of K. sinensis will enrich the mitochondrial genome databases of tapeworms and provide important molecular markers for ecology, diagnostics, population variation and evolution of K. sinensis and other species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides/classificação
Cestoides/genética
Genoma Helmíntico
Genoma Mitocondrial
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária
China
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia
Água Doce
Genes de RNAr/genética
Carpa Dourada/parasitologia
Proteínas de Helminto/genética
Intestinos/parasitologia
Filogenia
RNA de Transferência/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Helminth Proteins); 9014-25-9 (RNA, Transfer)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170620
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170620
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170424
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28415922
[Au] Autor:Lifschitz A; Lanusse C; Alvarez L
[Ad] Endereço:a Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UNCPBA, Laboratorio de Farmacología, Centro de Investigación Veterinaria de Tandil (CIVETAN) , UNCPBA-CICPBA-CONICET , Campus Universitario, 7000 - Tandil , Argentina.
[Ti] Título:Host pharmacokinetics and drug accumulation of anthelmintics within target helminth parasites of ruminants.
[So] Source:N Z Vet J;65(4):176-184, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1176-0710
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Anthelmintic drugs require effective concentrations to be attained at the site of parasite location for a certain period to assure their efficacy. The processes of absorption, distribution, metabolism and excretion (pharmacokinetic phase) directly influence drug concentrations attained at the site of action and the resultant pharmacological effect. The aim of the current review article was to provide an overview of the relationship between the pharmacokinetic features of different anthelmintic drugs, their availability in host tissues, accumulation within target helminths and resulting therapeutic efficacy. It focuses on the anthelmintics used in cattle and sheep for which published information on the overall topic is available; benzimidazoles, macrocyclic lactones and monepantel. Physicochemical properties, such as water solubility and dissolution rate, determine the ability of anthelmintic compounds to accumulate in the target parasites and consequently final clinical efficacy. The transcuticular absorption process is the main route of penetration for different drugs in nematodes and cestodes. However, oral ingestion is a main route of drug entry into adult liver flukes. Among other factors, the route of administration may substantially affect the pharmacokinetic behaviour of anthelmintic molecules and modify their efficacy. Oral administration improves drug efficacy against nematodes located in the gastroinestinal tract especially if parasites have a reduced susceptibility. Partitioning of the drug between gastrointestinal contents, mucosal tissue and the target parasite is important to enhance the drug exposure of the nematodes located in the lumen of the abomasum and/or small intestine. On the other hand, large inter-animal variability in drug exposure and subsequent high variability in efficacy is observed after topical administration of anthelmintic compounds. As it has been extensively demonstrated under experimental and field conditions, understanding pharmacokinetic behaviour and identification of different factors affecting drug activity is important for achieving optimal parasite control and avoiding selection for drug resistance. The search for novel alternatives to deliver enhanced drug concentrations within target helminth parasites may contribute to avoiding misuse, and prolong the lifespan of existing and novel anthelmintic compounds in the veterinary pharmaceutical market.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aminoacetonitrila/análogos & derivados
Anti-Helmínticos/farmacocinética
Benzimidazóis/farmacocinética
Doenças dos Bovinos/tratamento farmacológico
Helmintíase Animal/tratamento farmacológico
Lactonas/farmacocinética
Doenças dos Ovinos/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aminoacetonitrila/farmacocinética
Animais
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia
Cestoides/efeitos dos fármacos
Haemonchus/efeitos dos fármacos
Helmintos/efeitos dos fármacos
Ruminantes
Salicilanilidas/farmacocinética
Ovinos
Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthelmintics); 0 (Benzimidazoles); 0 (Lactones); 0 (Salicylanilides); 3739OQ10IJ (Aminoacetonitrile); 82MA79VJ33 (monepantel); EUL532EI54 (closantel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170419
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/00480169.2017.1317222


  9 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28398107
[Au] Autor:de Oliveira Simões R; Simões SBE; Luque JL; Iñiguez AM; Júnior AM
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Biologia e Parasitologia de Mamíferos Silvestres Reservatórios, Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Av. Brasil 4365 Manguinhos, 21045-900, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:First Record of Raillietina celebensis (Cestoda: Cyclophyllidea) in South America: Redescription and Phylogeny.
[So] Source:J Parasitol;103(4):359-365, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1937-2345
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Raillietina celebensis is a cestode that parasitizes the small intestine of rats and humans. Here, we detail the morphology and morphometry of R. celebensis based on specimens collected from Rattus norvegicus in the municipality of São Gonçalo, state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, by light and confocal scanning laser microscopies and also report the results of molecular phylogenetic analyses to determine its relationships within the family Davaineidae. Analysis of the number and size of testes, number and shape of rostellar hooks, cirrus sac length, capsules and eggs per capsule, and morphology of the mature proglottid allowed concluding that the present specimens constitute a new record of R. celebensis in South America. Our genetic and phylogenetic analyses, based on the partial small subunit 18S rRNA gene, revealed R. celebensis to be in the family Davaineidae within the genus Raillietina, in agreement with the morphological taxonomy. Phylogenetic trees obtained by neighbor-joining and maximum likelihood methods demonstrated R. celebensis as a unique taxonomic unit, and also demonstrated some taxonomic inconsistences. The incorporation of Brazilian R. celebensis sequences derived from mammals in the phylogeny of davaineids is consistent with the assertion that neither Raillietina nor Fuhrmannetta can be supported as distinct genera.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cestoides/classificação
Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária
Doenças dos Roedores/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Brasil
Cestoides/anatomia & histologia
Cestoides/genética
Infecções por Cestoides/epidemiologia
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Análise por Conglomerados
DNA Ribossômico/química
Intestino Delgado/parasitologia
Microscopia Confocal/veterinária
Filogenia
Prevalência
RNA Ribossômico 18S/genética
Ratos
Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Ribosomal); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 18S)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170818
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170818
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1645/16-139


  10 / 3254 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28394904
[Au] Autor:Jirsová D; Stefka J; Jirku M
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Science, University of South Bohemia, Branisovská, Ceské Budejovice, Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Discordant population histories of host and its parasite: A role for ecological permeability of extreme environment?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175286, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biogeographical and ecological barriers strongly affect the course of micro-evolutionary processes in free living organisms. Here we assess the impact of a recently emerged barrier on populations of limnic fauna. Genetic diversity and population structure in a host-parasite system (Wenyonia virilis tapeworm, Synodontis schall catfish) are analyzed in the recently divided Turkana and Nile basins. The two basins, were repeatedly connected during the Holocene wet/dry climatic oscillations, following late Pleistocene dessication of the Turkana basin. Mitochondrial DNA sequences for cytochrome oxidase I gene (cox I) and a whole genome scanning method-amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) were employed. A total of 347 cox I sequences (representing 209 haplotypes) and 716 AFLP fragments, as well as 120 cox I sequences (20 haplotypes) and 532 AFLP fragments were obtained from parasites and hosts, respectively. Although results indicate that host and parasite populations share some formative traits (bottlenecks, Nilotic origin), their population histories/patterns differ markedly. Mitochondrial analysis revealed that parasite populations evolve significantly faster and show remarkably higher genetic variability. Analyses of both markers confirmed that the parasites undergo lineage fission, forming new clusters specific for either freshwater or saline parts of Lake Turkana. In congruence with the geological history, these clusters apparently indicate multiple colonisations of Lake Turkana from the Nile. In contrast, the host population pattern indicates fusion of different colonisation waves. Although fish host populations remain connected, saline habitats in Lake Turkana (absent in the Nile), apparently pose a barrier to the gene flow in the parasite, possibly due to its multihost lifecycle, which involves freshwater annelids. Despite partially corroborating mitochondrial results, AFLP data was not sufficiently informative for analyzing populations with recently mixed biogeographic histories.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes-Gato/genética
Peixes-Gato/parasitologia
Cestoides/genética
Evolução Molecular
Ambientes Extremos
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Infecções por Cestoides/genética
Infecções por Cestoides/parasitologia
Infecções por Cestoides/veterinária
DNA Mitocondrial
Ecossistema
Complexo IV da Cadeia de Transporte de Elétrons/genética
Doenças dos Peixes/genética
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia
Haplótipos
Proteínas de Helminto/genética
Quênia
Lagos
Modelos Teóricos
Filogenia
Polimorfismo Genético
Águas Salinas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial); 0 (Helminth Proteins); EC 1.9.3.1 (Electron Transport Complex IV)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170411
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175286



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