Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.300.283 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 909 [refinar]
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  1 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29256431
[Au] Autor:Kamoroff C; Goldberg CS
[Ad] Endereço:School of the Environment, Washington State University, Pullman, WA 99164, USA.
[Ti] Título:Using environmental DNA for early detection of amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis prior to a ranid die-off.
[So] Source:Dis Aquat Organ;127(1):75-79, 2017 Dec 19.
[Is] ISSN:0177-5103
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amphibian chytridiomycosis caused by the fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is an emerging infectious disease that has been associated with mass mortality and extinctions of amphibians worldwide. Environmental DNA (eDNA) techniques have been used to detect the presence of Bd in the environment, but not to detect Bd prior to an amphibian die-off. We collected eDNA using filtered water samples from 13 lakes across Sequoia Kings Canyon National Park. Seven of those sites had populations of mountain yellow-legged frogs, an amphibian highly susceptible to chytridiomycosis, and 3 of those populations experienced a Bd related die-off 1 mo post-eDNA sampling. We detected Bd in eDNA samples that were collected 1 mo prior to the observed Bd-caused die-off at all 3 sites affected by Bd, and we did not detect Bd at the other sites where no die-off was observed. Our study indicates the potential to use eDNA techniques for early detection of Bd in the environment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Quitridiomicetos/genética
DNA Fúngico/isolamento & purificação
Monitoramento Ambiental
Micoses/microbiologia
Ranidae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
California
Micoses/epidemiologia
Micoses/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Fungal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171220
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3354/dao03183


  2 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320551
[Au] Autor:Navarro-Lozano A; Sánchez-Domene D; Rossa-Feres DC; Bosch J; Sawaya RJ
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Zoologia e Botânica. Universidade Estadual Paulista, São José do Rio Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Are oral deformities in tadpoles accurate indicators of anuran chytridiomycosis?
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190955, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We evaluated the use of oral deformities as reliable proxies for determining Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) infection in tadpoles of six anuran species of the Atlantic Forest in southeastern Brazil. We examined oral discs of 2156 tadpoles of six species of anurans collected in 2016: Aplastodiscus albosignatus, Boana albopunctata, Boana faber, Scinax hayii, Crossodactylus caramaschii, and Physalaemus cuvieri. Three oral deformities were recognized: lack of keratinization only in upper and/or lower jaw sheaths, lack of keratinization only in upper or lower tooth rows, and both deformities together. A subsample composed of all the individuals possessing oral deformities (N = 195) plus randomly selected individuals without oral deformities (N = 184) were tested for Bd via qPCR. Oral deformities were observed in all six species, but only five were infected with Bd. Since we found that dekeratinization of tooth rows was not associated with the presence of Bd in any of the studied species we used a new proxy (jaw sheaths dekeratinization with or without dekeratinization in tooth rows: JSD-proxy) for Bd detection. Our results showed a nonrandom relationship between Bd infection and JSD-proxy in three species of the family Hylidae. However, the use of JSD-proxy for Bd detection in these species resulted in up to 30.8% false positives and up to 29.3% false negatives. The use of the JSD-proxy in species for which no relationship was found reached 100% of false positives. We conclude that the use of oral dekeratinization as a generalized proxy for Bd detection in tadpoles should not be used as a single diagnosis technique.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anuros/microbiologia
Quitridiomicetos
Larva/microbiologia
Boca/patologia
Micoses/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Reações Falso-Negativas
Reações Falso-Positivas
Queratinas
Micoses/diagnóstico
Micoses/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
68238-35-7 (Keratins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190955


  3 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28745026
[Au] Autor:Wilber MQ; Knapp RA; Toothman M; Briggs CJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, 93106, USA.
[Ti] Título:Resistance, tolerance and environmental transmission dynamics determine host extinction risk in a load-dependent amphibian disease.
[So] Source:Ecol Lett;20(9):1169-1181, 2017 09.
[Is] ISSN:1461-0248
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:While disease-induced extinction is generally considered rare, a number of recently emerging infectious diseases with load-dependent pathology have led to extinction in wildlife populations. Transmission is a critical factor affecting disease-induced extinction, but the relative importance of transmission compared to load-dependent host resistance and tolerance is currently unknown. Using a combination of models and experiments on an amphibian species suffering extirpations from the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), we show that while transmission from an environmental Bd reservoir increased the ability of Bd to invade an amphibian population and the extinction risk of that population, Bd-induced extinction dynamics were far more sensitive to host resistance and tolerance than to Bd transmission. We demonstrate that this is a general result for load-dependent pathogens, where non-linear resistance and tolerance functions can interact such that small changes in these functions lead to drastic changes in extinction dynamics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anfíbios
Meio Ambiente
Micoses
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Quitridiomicetos
Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171208
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171208
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170727
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/ele.12814


  4 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29040327
[Au] Autor:Catenazzi A; Swei A; Finkle J; Foreyt E; Wyman L; Vredenburg VT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:Epizootic to enzootic transition of a fungal disease in tropical Andean frogs: Are surviving species still susceptible?
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(10):e0186478, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), which causes the disease chytridiomycosis, has been linked to catastrophic amphibian declines throughout the world. Amphibians differ in their vulnerability to chytridiomycosis; some species experience epizootics followed by collapse while others exhibit stable host/pathogen dynamics where most amphibian hosts survive in the presence of Bd (e.g., in the enzootic state). Little is known about the factors that drive the transition between the two disease states within a community, or whether populations of species that survived the initial epizootic are stable, yet this information is essential for conservation and theory. Our study focuses on a diverse Peruvian amphibian community that experienced a Bd-caused collapse. We explore host/Bd dynamics of eight surviving species a decade after the mass extinction by using population level disease metrics and Bd-susceptibility trials. We found that three of the eight species continue to be susceptible to Bd, and that their populations are declining. Only one species is growing in numbers and it was non-susceptible in our trials. Our study suggests that some species remain vulnerable to Bd and exhibit ongoing population declines in enzootic systems where Bd-host dynamics are assumed to be stable.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anuros/imunologia
Quitridiomicetos/patogenicidade
Suscetibilidade a Doenças/imunologia
Micoses/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anuros/microbiologia
Quitridiomicetos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Resistência à Doença
Feminino
Especificidade de Hospedeiro
Masculino
Micoses/microbiologia
Peru
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171018
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0186478


  5 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28724762
[Au] Autor:Sherman MB; Kakani K; Rochon D; Jiang W; Voss NR; Smith TJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, Galveston, Texas, USA.
[Ti] Título:Stability of Cucumber Necrosis Virus at the Quasi-6-Fold Axis Affects Zoospore Transmission.
[So] Source:J Virol;91(19), 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:1098-5514
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:(CNV) is a member of the genus and has a monopartite positive-sense RNA genome. CNV is transmitted in nature via zoospores of the fungus As with other members of the genus, the CNV capsid swells when exposed to alkaline pH and EDTA. We previously demonstrated that a P73G mutation blocks the virus from zoospore transmission while not significantly affecting replication in plants (K. Kakani, R. Reade, and D. Rochon, J Mol Biol 338:507-517, 2004, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2004.03.008). P73 lies immediately adjacent to a putative zinc binding site (M. Li et al., J Virol 87:12166-12175, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01965-13) that is formed by three icosahedrally related His residues in the N termini of the C subunit at the quasi-6-fold axes. To better understand how this buried residue might affect vector transmission, we determined the cryo-electron microscopy structure of wild-type CNV in the native and swollen state and of the transmission-defective mutant, P73G, under native conditions. With the wild-type CNV, the swollen structure demonstrated the expected expansion of the capsid. However, the zinc binding region at the quasi-6-fold at the ß-annulus axes remained intact. By comparison, the zinc binding region of the P73G mutant, even under native conditions, was markedly disordered, suggesting that the ß-annulus had been disrupted and that this could destabilize the capsid. This was confirmed with pH and urea denaturation experiments in conjunction with electron microscopy analysis. We suggest that the P73G mutation affects the zinc binding and/or the ß-annulus, making it more fragile under neutral/basic pH conditions. This, in turn, may affect zoospore transmission. (CNV), a member of the genus , is transmitted in nature via zoospores of the fungus While a number of plant viruses are transmitted via insect vectors, little is known at the molecular level as to how the viruses are recognized and transmitted. As with many spherical plant viruses, the CNV capsid swells when exposed to alkaline pH and EDTA. We previously demonstrated that a P73G mutation that lies inside the capsid immediately adjacent to a putative zinc binding site (Li et al., J Virol 87:12166-12175, 2013, https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01965-13) blocks the virus from zoospore transmission while not significantly affecting replication in plants (K. Kakani, R. Reade, and D. Rochon, J Mol Biol 338:507-517, 2004, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmb.2004.03.008). Here, we show that the P73G mutant is less stable than the wild type, and this appears to be correlated with destabilization of the ß-annulus at the icosahedral 3-fold axes. Therefore, the ß-annulus appears not to be essential for particle assembly but is necessary for interactions with the transmission vector.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas do Capsídeo/ultraestrutura
Esporos Fúngicos/virologia
Tabaco/virologia
Tombusvirus/genética
Tombusvirus/ultraestrutura
Replicação Viral/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequência de Aminoácidos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética
Quitridiomicetos/virologia
Microscopia Crioeletrônica
Doenças das Plantas/virologia
Tombusvirus/patogenicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Capsid Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28704480
[Au] Autor:Blooi M; Laking AE; Martel A; Haesebrouck F; Jocque M; Brown T; Green S; Vences M; Bletz MC; Pasmans F
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pathology, Bacteriology and Avian Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Merelbeke, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Host niche may determine disease-driven extinction risk.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(7):e0181051, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) drives declines and extinctions in amphibian communities. However, not all regions and species are equally affected. Here, we show that association with amphibian aquatic habitat types (bromeliad phytotelmata versus stream) across Central America results in the odds of being threatened by Bd being five times higher in stream microhabitats. This differential threat of Bd was supported in our study by a significantly lower prevalence of Bd in bromeliad-associated amphibian species compared to riparian species in Honduran cloud forests. Evidence that the bromeliad environment is less favorable for Bd transmission is exemplified by significantly less suitable physicochemical conditions and higher abundance of Bd-ingesting micro-eukaryotes present in bromeliad water. These factors may inhibit aquatic Bd zoospore survival and the development of an environmental reservoir of the pathogen. Bromeliad phytotelmata thus may act as environmental refuges from Bd, which contribute to protecting associated amphibian communities against chytridiomycosis-driven amphibian declines that threaten the nearby riparian communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anuros/microbiologia
Bromeliaceae/classificação
Quitridiomicetos/patogenicidade
Micoses/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bromeliaceae/microbiologia
Reservatórios de Doenças/classificação
Ecossistema
Extinção Biológica
Micoses/veterinária
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0181051


  7 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28695290
[Au] Autor:Fu M; Waldman B
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Behavioral and Population Ecology, School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, 08826, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Major histocompatibility complex variation and the evolution of resistance to amphibian chytridiomycosis.
[So] Source:Immunogenetics;69(8-9):529-536, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1211
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Chytridiomycosis, caused by the fungal pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd), has been implicated in population declines and species extinctions of amphibians around the world. Susceptibility to the disease varies both within and among species, most likely attributable to heritable immunogenetic variation. Analyses of transcriptional expression in hosts following their infection by Bd reveal complex responses. Species resistant to Bd generally show evidence of stronger innate and adaptive immune system responses. Major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and class II genes of some susceptible species are up-regulated following host infection by Bd, but resistant species show no comparable changes in transcriptional expression. Bd-resistant species share similar pocket conformations within the MHC-II antigen-binding groove. Among susceptible species, survivors of epizootics bear alleles encoding these conformations. Individuals with homozygous resistance alleles appear to benefit by enhanced resistance, especially in environmental conditions that promote pathogen virulence. Subjects that are repeatedly infected and subsequently cleared of Bd can develop an acquired immune response to the pathogen. Strong directional selection for MHC alleles that encode resistance to Bd may deplete genetic variation necessary to respond to other pathogens. Resistance to chytridiomycosis incurs life-history costs that require further study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anfíbios/imunologia
Quitridiomicetos/imunologia
Genes MHC Classe II
Genes MHC Classe I
Micoses/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anfíbios/genética
Animais
Predisposição Genética para Doença
Variação Genética
Memória Imunológica
Micoses/genética
Micoses/imunologia
Receptores Toll-Like/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Toll-Like Receptors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170929
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170929
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170712
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00251-017-1008-4


  8 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28570689
[Au] Autor:Lampo M; Señaris C; García CZ
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Ecología, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Kilómetro 11 Carretera Panamericana, Caracas, Venezuela.
[Ti] Título:Population dynamics of the critically endangered toad Atelopus cruciger and the fungal disease chytridiomycosis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179007, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Harlequin toads (Atelopus) are among the most severely impacted amphibians by the emergence of chytridiomycosis, a fungal disease caused by the pathogen Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Many species disappeared while others suffered drastic contractions of their geographic distribution to lower altitudes. A diminished virulence of Bd in warm habitats was proposed to explain the survival of lowland populations of harlequin toads (i.e. thermal refuge hypothesis). To understand the mechanisms that allow some populations to reach an endemic equilibrium with this pathogen, we estimated demographic and epidemiological parameters at one remnant population of Atelopus cruciger in Venezuela using mark-recapture data from 2007-2013. We demonstrated that Bd is highly virulent for A. cruciger, increasing the odds of dying of infected adults four times in relation to uninfected ones and reducing the life expectancy of reproductive toads to a few weeks. Despite an estimated annual loss of 18% of the reproductive population due to Bd-induced mortality, this population has persisted in an endemic equilibrium for the last decade through the large recruitment of healthy adults every year. Given the high vulnerability of harlequin toads to Bd in lowland populations, thermal refuges need to be redefined as habitats of reduced transmission rather than attenuated virulence.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bufonidae/fisiologia
Quitridiomicetos/patogenicidade
Micoses/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Bufonidae/microbiologia
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170602
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179007


  9 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28562628
[Au] Autor:Borzée A; Kosch TA; Kim M; Jang Y
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Behavioral Ecology and Evolution, School of Biological Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Introduced bullfrogs are associated with increased Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis prevalence and reduced occurrence of Korean treefrogs.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177860, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bullfrogs, Lithobates catesbeianus, have been described as major vectors of the amphibian chytrid fungus, Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd). Bd is widespread throughout the range of amphibians yet varies considerably within and among populations in prevalence and host impact. In our study, the presence of L. catesbeianus is correlated with a 2.5 increase in Bd prevalence in treefrogs, and the endangered Dryophytes suweonensis displays a significantly higher Bd prevalence than the more abundant D. japonicus for the 37 sites surveyed. In addition, the occurrence of L. catesbeianus was significantly correlated with a decrease in presence of D. suweonensis at sites. We could not determine if it is the presence of bullfrogs as competitors or predators that is limiting the distribution of D. suweonensis or whether this is caused by bullfrogs acting as a reservoir for Bd. However, L. catesbeianus can now be added to the list of factors responsible for the decline of D. suweonensis populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anuros/microbiologia
Quitridiomicetos/isolamento & purificação
Rana catesbeiana/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177860


  10 / 909 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28492180
[Au] Autor:Kolenda K; Najbar A; Ogielska M; Balá V
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Evolutionary Biology and Conservation of Vertebrates, University of Wroclaw, Sienkiewicza 21, 50-335 Wroclaw, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis is present in Poland and associated with reduced fitness in wild populations of Pelophylax lessonae.
[So] Source:Dis Aquat Organ;124(3):241-245, 2017 05 11.
[Is] ISSN:0177-5103
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) is a pathogen associated with global declines of amphibians. We used qPCR to detect Bd in 255 samples from 10 Polish populations of 8 species. We found Bd infection in 3 species (Bombina variegata, Pelophylax lessonae, P. esculentus). The infection intensity in P. lessonae reached a maximum of 58400 genomic equivalents of zoospores (GE), and the 2 most heavily infected individuals died. Previous observations of the populations that included infected individuals showed reduced body size, failure to reproduce, and mortalities of adults. These data highlight the importance of emerging diseases, and the need to recognize them as an important factor in conservation of the genus Pelophylax in Poland and Central and Eastern Europe.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Quitridiomicetos
Micoses/veterinária
Ranidae/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Selvagens
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Aptidão Genética
Micoses/epidemiologia
Micoses/microbiologia
Polônia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170512
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3354/dao03121



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