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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.044 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 431 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28880962
[Au] Autor:Gaisberger H; Kindt R; Loo J; Schmidt M; Bognounou F; Da SS; Diallo OB; Ganaba S; Gnoumou A; Lompo D; Lykke AM; Mbayngone E; Nacoulma BMI; Ouedraogo M; Ouédraogo O; Parkouda C; Porembski S; Savadogo P; Thiombiano A; Zerbo G; Vinceti B
[Ad] Endereço:Bioversity International, Via dei Tre Denari 472/a, Maccarese (Rome), Italy.
[Ti] Título:Spatially explicit multi-threat assessment of food tree species in Burkina Faso: A fine-scale approach.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184457, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Over the last decades agroforestry parklands in Burkina Faso have come under increasing demographic as well as climatic pressures, which are threatening indigenous tree species that contribute substantially to income generation and nutrition in rural households. Analyzing the threats as well as the species vulnerability to them is fundamental for priority setting in conservation planning. Guided by literature and local experts we selected 16 important food tree species (Acacia macrostachya, Acacia senegal, Adansonia digitata, Annona senegalensis, Balanites aegyptiaca, Bombax costatum, Boscia senegalensis, Detarium microcarpum, Lannea microcarpa, Parkia biglobosa, Sclerocarya birrea, Strychnos spinosa, Tamarindus indica, Vitellaria paradoxa, Ximenia americana, Ziziphus mauritiana) and six key threats to them (overexploitation, overgrazing, fire, cotton production, mining and climate change). We developed a species-specific and spatially explicit approach combining freely accessible datasets, species distribution models (SDMs), climate models and expert survey results to predict, at fine scale, where these threats are likely to have the greatest impact. We find that all species face serious threats throughout much of their distribution in Burkina Faso and that climate change is predicted to be the most prevalent threat in the long term, whereas overexploitation and cotton production are the most important short-term threats. Tree populations growing in areas designated as 'highly threatened' due to climate change should be used as seed sources for ex situ conservation and planting in areas where future climate is predicting suitable habitats. Assisted regeneration is suggested for populations in areas where suitable habitat under future climate conditions coincides with high threat levels due to short-term threats. In the case of Vitellaria paradoxa, we suggest collecting seed along the northern margins of its distribution and considering assisted regeneration in the central part where the current threat level is high due to overexploitation. In the same way, population-specific recommendations can be derived from the individual and combined threat maps of the other 15 food tree species. The approach can be easily transferred to other countries and can be used to analyze general and species specific threats at finer and more local as well as at broader (continental) scales in order to plan more selective and efficient conservation actions in time. The concept can be applied anywhere as long as appropriate spatial data are available as well as knowledgeable experts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Alimentos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acacia
Adansonia
Anacardiaceae
Annona
Balanites
Bombax
Burkina Faso
Mudança Climática
Ecossistema
Olacaceae
Tamarindus
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170908
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184457


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[PMID]:28830478
[Au] Autor:Rebouças de Araújo ÍD; Coriolano de Aquino N; Véras de Aguiar Guerra AC; Ferreira de Almeida Júnior R; Mendonça Araújo R; Fernandes de Araújo Júnior R; Silva Farias KJ; Fernandes JV; Sousa Andrade V
[Ad] Endereço:Centro de Biociências (CB), Departamento de Microbiologia e Parasitologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), Natal, RN, 59072-970, Brazil. italo_diego1989@hotmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Chemical composition and evaluation of the antibacterial and Cytotoxic activities of the essential oil from the leaves of Myracrodruon urundeuva.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):419, 2017 Aug 22.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the in vitro activity of essential oil extracted from the leaves of Myracrodruon urundeuva. METHODS: The oil was obtained by hydro-distillation and characterized by Gas Chromatography coupled to Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) and Gas Chromatography with Flame Ionization Detector (GC-FID). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by the broth microdilution technique and the MIF was determined by using growth indicator CTT (2,3,5-triphenyl-tetrazolium) and CBM in BHI agar. The oil's cytotoxicity was evaluated in HeLa, HEK-293, and Vero E6 cells using MTT, 3- (4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl) -2,5-diphenyl tetrazolium. RESULTS: The oil showed chemical markers, including α-pinene (87.85%), trans-caryophyllene (1.57%), limonene (1.49%) and ß -pinene (1.42%), and activity against all strains: Staphylococcus aureus (MIC = MBC = 0.22 mg/mL), Staphylococcus epidermidis (MIC = 0.11 mg/mL and MBC = 0.22 mg/mL), Escherichia coli (MIC = 0.88 mg/mL and MBC = 1.75 mg/mL), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MIC = MBC = 7 mg/mL) and Salmonella Enteritidis (MIC = MBC = 0.44 mg/mL). In vitro cytotoxicity tests showed that the oil is not toxic and has slight antitumor activity. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that the M. urundeuva oil results are promising, with prospects of being pharmacologically viable.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/química
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/química
Antibacterianos/toxicidade
Células HeLa
Seres Humanos
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Óleos Voláteis/química
Óleos Voláteis/toxicidade
Folhas de Planta/química
Óleos Vegetais/química
Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia
Óleos Vegetais/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Oils, Volatile); 0 (Plant Oils)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170824
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-1918-6


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[PMID]:28704688
[Au] Autor:Boucherle B; Peuchmaur M; Boumendjel A; Haudecoeur R
[Ad] Endereço:Univ. Grenoble-Alpes, CNRS, DPM UMR 5063, CS 40700, 38058, Grenoble, France.
[Ti] Título:Occurrences, biosynthesis and properties of aurones as high-end evolutionary products.
[So] Source:Phytochemistry;142:92-111, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1873-3700
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Recent years have witnessed a considerable renewed interest for the uncommon flavonoid class of aurones. The characterization of two major biosynthetic machineries involved in their biosynthesis in flowers has encouraged the revival of phytochemical studies and identification of original structures, a process started almost seventy-five years ago. This review draws up an exhaustive map of natural occurrences of aurones their biosynthetic pathways and roles, with the aim to link their original structural properties among flavonoids to their place in evolution and the selective advantages they bring to some of the most advanced taxa in the plant kingdom.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Benzofuranos/química
Produtos Biológicos
Flavonoides/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anacardiaceae/química
Produtos Biológicos/química
Fabaceae/química
Flores/química
Estrutura Molecular
Rhamnaceae/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzofurans); 0 (Biological Products); 0 (Flavonoids); 0 (aurone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170915
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170915
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170714
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28613379
[Au] Autor:Álvares-Carvalho SV; Silva-Mann R; Gois IB; Melo MFV; Oliveira AS; Ferreira RA; Gomes LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Programa de Pós-Graduação em Agricultura e Biodiversidade, Laboratório do Grupo de Pesquisa em Conservação, Melhoramento e Gestão de Recursos Genéticos/GENAPLANT, Universidade Federal de Sergipe, São Cristóvão, SE, Brasil sheilaalvares@yahoo.com.br.
[Ti] Título:Restoration over time and sustainability of Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi.
[So] Source:Genet Mol Res;16(2), 2017 May 31.
[Is] ISSN:1676-5680
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The success of recovery programs on degraded areas is dependent on the genetic material to be used, which should present heterozygosity and genetic diversity in native and recovered populations. This study was carried out to evaluate the model efficiency to enable the recovery of a degraded area of the Lower São Francisco, Sergipe, Brazil. The target species for this study was Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi. Three populations were analyzed, the recovered area, seed-tree source population, and native tree population border established to the recovered area. The random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers were used for diversity analysis. Genetic structure was estimated to evaluate the level of genetic variability existent in each population. There was no correlation between the spatial distribution and the genetic distances for all trees of the recovered area. The heterozygosity present in the recovered population was higher than the native tree population. The seed-tree source population presents genetic bottlenecks. Three clusters were suggested (ΔK = 3) with non-genetic structure. High intra-population genetic variability and inter-population differentiation are present. However, gene flow may also introduce potentially adaptive alleles in the populations of the recovered area, and the native population is necessary to ensure the sustainability and maintenance of the populations by allelic exchange.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/genética
Espécies em Perigo de Extinção
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Fisiológica
Alelos
Anacardiaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Fluxo Gênico
Genótipo
Heterozigoto
Polimorfismo Genético
Sementes/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4238/gmr16029669


  5 / 431 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28557449
[Au] Autor:Ledoux A; St-Gelais A; Cieckiewicz E; Jansen O; Bordignon A; Illien B; Di Giovanni N; Marvilliers A; Hoareau F; Pendeville H; Quetin-Leclercq J; Frédérich M
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Pharmacognosy, Center for Interdisciplinary Research on Medicines (CIRM), University of Liège , Avenue Hippocrate 15, 4000 Liège, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Antimalarial Activities of Alkyl Cyclohexenone Derivatives Isolated from the Leaves of Poupartia borbonica.
[So] Source:J Nat Prod;80(6):1750-1757, 2017 Jun 23.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bioactivity-guided fractionation of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Poupartia borbonica led to the isolation of three new alkyl cyclohexenone derivatives 1-3, and named Poupartone A-C. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated by 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data analysis and MS, whereas calculated and experimental ECD spectra were used to define the absolute configurations. These compounds were active against 3D7 and W2 Plasmodium falciparum strains with IC values between 0.55 and 1.81 µM. In vitro cytotoxicity against WI38 human fibroblasts and the human cervical cancer cell line HeLa (WST-1 assay) showed that these compounds were also cytotoxic, but no hemolytic activity was observed for the extract and pure compounds. An in vivo antimalarial assay was performed on the major cyclohexenone using P. berghei-infected mice at a dose of 15 mg/kg/day ip. The assay revealed growth inhibition of 59.1 and 69.5% at days 5 and 7 postinfection, respectively, although some toxicity was observed. Zebrafish larvae were used as a model to determine the type of toxicity, and the results showed cardiac toxicity. The methanol extract was also studied, and it displayed moderate antiplasmodial properties in vitro. This extract contained the known flavonoids, quercetin, 3'-O-hydroxysulfonylquercetin, quercitrin, and isoquercitrin as well as ellagic acid, which showed high to low activity against the 3D7 P. falciparum strain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/química
Antimaláricos/isolamento & purificação
Antimaláricos/farmacologia
Cicloexanonas/isolamento & purificação
Cicloexanonas/farmacologia
Malária/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antimaláricos/química
Bélgica
Cicloexanonas/química
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais
Feminino
Flavonoides/química
Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação
Flavonoides/farmacologia
Células HeLa
Seres Humanos
Concentração Inibidora 50
Camundongos
Estrutura Molecular
Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular
Testes de Sensibilidade Parasitária
Folhas de Planta/química
Plasmodium berghei/efeitos dos fármacos
Plasmodium falciparum/efeitos dos fármacos
Quercetina/análogos & derivados
Quercetina/química
Quercetina/farmacologia
Peixe-Zebra/embriologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antimalarials); 0 (Cyclohexanones); 0 (Flavonoids); 0 (poupartone A); 0 (poupartone B); 0 (poupartone C); 9IKM0I5T1E (Quercetin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170830
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170830
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b01019


  6 / 431 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28528547
[Au] Autor:Feuereisen MM; Zimmermann BF; Schulze-Kaysers N; Schieber A
[Ad] Endereço:Molecular Food Technology, Department of Nutritional and Food Sciences, University of Bonn , Römerstraße 164, 53117 Bonn, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Differentiation of Brazilian Peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi) and Peruvian Peppertree (Schinus molle L.) Fruits by UHPLC-UV-MS Analysis of Their Anthocyanin and Biflavonoid Profiles.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(26):5330-5338, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objectives of this work were to determine the phenolic profile of Schinus terebinthifolius and Schinus molle fruits and to develop a reliable method for the differentiation of these two similar spices both known as pink pepper. Anthocyanins, biflavonoids and gallotannins, some of which are reported for the first time in these species, were identified by UHPLC-UV/vis-MS/MS. Consideration of the relative and absolute amounts of phenolics as well as indicator compounds from 18 samples revealed that the relative amounts of anthocyanins and biflavonoids are the most trustworthy parameters. Principal component analysis and cluster analysis (CA) allowed a grouping of the samples according to their species, showing that the anthocyanins are most important for the identification of species. As a result, authentication of the two Schinus species can be accomplished by UHPLC analysis of the relative amounts of anthocyanins combined with CA.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/química
Antocianinas/química
Biflavonoides/química
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Frutas/química
Espectrometria de Massas/métodos
Extratos Vegetais/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Peru
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthocyanins); 0 (Biflavonoids); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170721
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170721
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170523
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b00480


  7 / 431 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28510250
[Au] Autor:Wang ZF; Cao HL; Wu LF; Guo Y; Mei QM; Li M; Wang Y; Wang ZM
[Ad] Endereço:Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Applied Botany & Key Laboratory of Vegetation Restoration and Management of Degraded Ecosystems, South China Botanical Garden, , , China.
[Ti] Título:A set of novel microsatellite markers developed for an economically important tree, Dracontomelon duperreanum, in China.
[So] Source:Genet Mol Res;16(2), 2017 May 10.
[Is] ISSN:1676-5680
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dracontomelon duperreanum, the most representative species of the family Anacardiaceae, is an important multipurpose tree in China and Vietnam. However, no genetic diversity studies have been reported on this species. In this study, we identified 11 microsatellite markers for D. duperreanum by using the restriction-site-associated DNA sequencing (RAD-seq) method and examined their polymorphisms in 22 samples obtained from the South China Botanical Garden, South China. We could detect only two or three alleles for each microsatellite marker. The mean observed and expected heterozygosities were 0.41 and 0.39, respectively, which were lower than those reported for the species with similar life history forms. These relatively low genetic diversities in this common plant species are unexpected and might have resulted from its extensive cultivation. To our knowledge, this is the first report of microsatellite markers in the genus Dracontomelon. These microsatellite markers will be valuable for studying the genetic diversities and structures in D. duperreanum and other Dracontomelon species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/genética
Repetições de Microssatélites
Árvores/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alelos
Marcadores Genéticos
Melhoramento Vegetal
Polimorfismo Genético
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170517
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4238/gmr16029578


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[PMID]:28364796
[Au] Autor:Fallah F; Minaei Chenar H; Amiri H; Omodipour S; Shirbande Ghods F; Kahrizi D; Sohrabi M; Ghorbani T; Kazemi E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Comparison of two DNA extraction protocols from leave samples of Cotinus coggygria, Citrus sinensis and Genus juglans.
[So] Source:Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand);63(2):76-78, 2017 Feb 28.
[Is] ISSN:1165-158X
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:High quality DNA is essential for molecular research. Secondary metabolites can affect the quantity and quality DNA. In current research two DNA isolation methods including CTAB and Delaporta (protocols 1 & 2 respectively) were applied in three leave samples from Cotinus coggygria, Citrus sinensis and Genus juglans that their leaves are rich of secondary metabolites. We successfully isolated DNA from C. coggygria, C. sinensis and Genus Juglans using the two protocols described above. Good quality DNA was isolated from C. coggygria, C. sinensis and Genus Juglans using protocol 1, while protocol 2 failed to produce usable DNA from these sources. The highest amount of DNA (1.3-1.6) was obtained from them using protocol 1. As we discovered, procedure 1 may work better for plants with secondary metabolites.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/genética
Citrus sinensis/genética
DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Juglans/genética
Folhas de Planta/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: DNA de Plantas/análise
Eletroforese em Gel de Ágar
Biologia Molecular/métodos
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170426
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170426
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170403
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.14715/cmb/2017.63.2.11


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[PMID]:28346393
[Au] Autor:Li CW; Han B; Cai B; Cui CB
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Toxicology and Medical Countermeasures, Beijing Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Beijing 100850, China. sdrlcw@126.com.
[Ti] Título:Choerosponins A and B, Two New Cytotoxic Bridged-Ring Ketones and the Determination of Their Absolute Configurations.
[So] Source:Molecules;22(4), 2017 Mar 27.
[Is] ISSN:1420-3049
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Bioactivity-directed fractionation of antitumor compounds from the stem barks of (Roxb.) Burtt et Hill (Anacardiaceae) afforded two new cytotoxic bridged-ring ketones, choerosponins A ( ) and B ( ), and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods; their stereochemistry was determined by NOE difference experiments, CD spectra and the modified Mosher's method. Compound has a rare dioxatricyclo skeleton. Flow cytometry and SRB methods were employed to evaluate the antitumor activity of the two compounds against tsFT210, HCT-15, HeLa, A2780 and MCF-7 cell lines, and both of them showed strong cytotoxicity. MTT and paper disc methods were also used to evaluate their anti-hypoxia and antibacterial activities, and both of them showed no apparent activities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/química
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia
Cetonas/química
Cetonas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Hipóxia Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Proliferação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
Células HeLa
Seres Humanos
Células MCF-7
Estrutura Molecular
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic); 0 (Drugs, Chinese Herbal); 0 (Ketones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170328
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 431 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28332071
[Au] Autor:Mthiyane DM; Mhlanga BS
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Science, Luyengo Campus, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Swaziland, P.O. Box M205, Luyengo, Swaziland. kakade2000@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:The nutritive value of marula (Sclerocarya birrea) seed cake for broiler chickens: nutritional composition, performance, carcass characteristics and oxidative and mycotoxin status.
[So] Source:Trop Anim Health Prod;49(4):835-842, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1573-7438
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study was aimed at investigating the nutritive value of marula seed cake (MSC) as an alternative protein source for broilers. In a completely randomised design involving six replicate pens of five chickens assigned to each of five treatments, body weight gain (BWG), feed intake (FI), feed conversion efficiency (FCE) and carcass characteristics were measured in an experiment in which 150 28-day-old broilers were fed maize-based diets containing, respectively, 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20% MSC at finisher phase. The results showed MSC to be remarkably high in CP (470.0 g/kg DM) and EE (343.5 g/kg DM), with moderate CF (58.2 g/kg DM), ash (54.3 g/kg DM), Ca (1.1 g/kg DM) and P (11.0 g/kg DM). Whilst very poor in lysine, MSC was found to be rich in methionine, cyst(e)ine, arginine and glutamic acid; it also contains good levels of valine, glycine, threonine, isoleucine, leucine, histidine, phenylalanine, serine, proline and alanine. Also, it contained 85.24% oleic (OA), 9.65% palmitic and 5.11% stearic acids, with a high peroxide value and low levels of mycotoxins deoxynivalenol (DON) and T-2 toxin. BWG, FI and FCE of broiler chickens significantly decreased (P < 0.001) as the dietary level of MSC increased. Further, dietary MSC significantly decreased bird live weight at slaughter (P < 0.001), plucked weight (P < 0.001), dressed weight (P < 0.001) and weights of the liver (P < 0.001) and neck (P < 0.05). The results therefore demonstrate MSC to be a good source of CP, fat, Ca, P, amino acids (except lysine) and OA that can replace soya bean meal (SBM) in broiler diets. However, its use is currently limited by lipid peroxidation and presence of mycotoxins.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anacardiaceae/química
Ração Animal/análise
Galinhas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Peroxidação de Lipídeos
Micotoxinas/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal/efeitos adversos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal
Animais
Dieta/veterinária
Proteínas na Dieta/administração & dosagem
Lisina/análise
Metionina/análise
Valor Nutritivo
Distribuição Aleatória
Sementes/química
Tricotecenos
Ganho de Peso
Zea mays
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Proteins); 0 (Mycotoxins); 0 (Trichothecenes); AE28F7PNPL (Methionine); JT37HYP23V (deoxynivalenol); K3Z4F929H6 (Lysine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170626
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170626
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11250-017-1269-9



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