Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.075.388 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 41 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28422072
[Au] Autor:Letheren A; Hill S; Salie J; Parkman J; Chen J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, The University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, USA. alethere@vols.utk.edu.
[Ti] Título:A Little Bug with a Big Bite: Impact of Hemlock Woolly Adelgid Infestations on Forest Ecosystems in the Eastern USA and Potential Control Strategies.
[So] Source:Int J Environ Res Public Health;14(4), 2017 Apr 19.
[Is] ISSN:1660-4601
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hemlock woolly adelgid ( Annand, HWA) remains the single greatest threat to the health and sustainability of hemlock in the eastern USA. The loss of hemlock trees leads to further negative impacts on the diversity and stability of ecosystems in the eastern part of North America. It is, therefore, urgent to develop effective control measures to reduce HWA populations and promote overall hemlock health. Currently available individual and integrated approaches should continue to be evaluated in the laboratory and in the field along with the development of other new and innovative methods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ecossistema
Florestas
Hemípteros/parasitologia
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/parasitologia
Herbivoria/fisiologia
Controle de Insetos
Tsuga/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Hemípteros/fisiologia
Estados Unidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170530
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170530
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170420
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28325831
[Au] Autor:Johnson JS; Gaddis KD; Cairns DM; Konganti K; Krutovsky KV
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Geography, Texas A&M University, 810 Eller O&M Building, MS 3147 TAMU, College Station, Texas 77843-3147 USA jsjohnson@tamu.edu.
[Ti] Título:Landscape genomic insights into the historic migration of mountain hemlock in response to Holocene climate change.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;104(3):439-450, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Untangling alternative historic dispersal pathways in long-lived tree species is critical to better understand how temperate tree species may respond to climatic change. However, disentangling these alternative pathways is often difficult. Emerging genomic technologies and landscape genetics techniques improve our ability to assess these pathways in natural systems. We address the question to what degree have microrefugial patches and long-distance dispersal been responsible for the colonization of mountain hemlock ( ) on the Alaskan Kenai Peninsula. METHODS: We used double-digest restriction-associated DNA sequencing (ddRADseq) to identify genetic variants across eight mountain hemlock sample sites on the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska. We assessed genetic diversity and linkage disequilibrium using landscape and population genetics approaches. Alternative historic dispersal pathways were assessed using discriminant analysis of principle components and electrical circuit theory. KEY RESULTS: A combination of decreasing diversity, high gene flow, and landscape connectivity indicates that mountain hemlock colonization on the Kenai Peninsula is the result of long-distance dispersal. We found that contemporary climate best explained gene flow patterns and that isolation by resistance was a better model explaining genetic variation than isolation by distance. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings support the conclusion that mountain hemlock colonization is the result of several long-distance dispersal events following Pleistocene glaciation. The high dispersal capability suggests that mountain hemlock may be able to respond to future climate change and expand its range as new habitat opens along its northern distribution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Fluxo Gênico
Variação Genética
Genômica
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alaska
Clima
Mudança Climática
Ecossistema
Genética Populacional
Genótipo
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/fisiologia
Desequilíbrio de Ligação
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Árvores
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1600262


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[PMID]:27935944
[Au] Autor:Goring SJ; Mladenoff DJ; Cogbill CV; Record S; Paciorek CJ; Jackson ST; Dietze MC; Dawson A; Matthes JH; McLachlan JS; Williams JW
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Geography, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, Wisconsin, United States.
[Ti] Título:Novel and Lost Forests in the Upper Midwestern United States, from New Estimates of Settlement-Era Composition, Stem Density, and Biomass.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(12):e0151935, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: EuroAmerican land-use and its legacies have transformed forest structure and composition across the United States (US). More accurate reconstructions of historical states are critical to understanding the processes governing past, current, and future forest dynamics. Here we present new gridded (8x8km) reconstructions of pre-settlement (1800s) forest composition and structure from the upper Midwestern US (Minnesota, Wisconsin, and most of Michigan), using 19th Century Public Land Survey System (PLSS), with estimates of relative composition, above-ground biomass, stem density, and basal area for 28 tree types. This mapping is more robust than past efforts, using spatially varying correction factors to accommodate sampling design, azimuthal censoring, and biases in tree selection. CHANGES IN FOREST STRUCTURE: We compare pre-settlement to modern forests using US Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) data to show the prevalence of lost forests (pre-settlement forests with no current analog), and novel forests (modern forests with no past analogs). Differences between pre-settlement and modern forests are spatially structured owing to differences in land-use impacts and accompanying ecological responses. Modern forests are more homogeneous, and ecotonal gradients are more diffuse today than in the past. Novel forest assemblages represent 28% of all FIA cells, and 28% of pre-settlement forests no longer exist in a modern context. Lost forests include tamarack forests in northeastern Minnesota, hemlock and cedar dominated forests in north-central Wisconsin and along the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, and elm, oak, basswood and ironwood forests along the forest-prairie boundary in south central Minnesota and eastern Wisconsin. Novel FIA forest assemblages are distributed evenly across the region, but novelty shows a strong relationship to spatial distance from remnant forests in the upper Midwest, with novelty predicted at between 20 to 60km from remnants, depending on historical forest type. The spatial relationships between remnant and novel forests, shifts in ecotone structure and the loss of historic forest types point to significant challenges for land managers if landscape restoration is a priority. The spatial signals of novelty and ecological change also point to potential challenges in using modern spatial distributions of species and communities and their relationship to underlying geophysical and climatic attributes in understanding potential responses to changing climate. The signal of human settlement on modern forests is broad, spatially varying and acts to homogenize modern forests relative to their historic counterparts, with significant implications for future management.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Agricultura Florestal/tendências
Dispersão Vegetal/fisiologia
Árvores/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomassa
Cedrus/fisiologia
Ecossistema
Florestas
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/fisiologia
Seres Humanos
Larix/fisiologia
Meio-Oeste dos Estados Unidos
Filogeografia
Caules de Planta/fisiologia
Quercus/fisiologia
Tilia/fisiologia
Ulmus/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170705
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170705
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161210
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0151935


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[PMID]:26880353
[Au] Autor:Havill NP; Shiyake S; Lamb Galloway A; Foottit RG; Yu G; Paradis A; Elkinton J; Montgomery ME; Sano M; Caccone A
[Ad] Endereço:Northern Research Station, USDA Forest Service, Hamden, Connecticut 06514, USA.
[Ti] Título:Ancient and modern colonization of North America by hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae (Hemiptera: Adelgidae), an invasive insect from East Asia.
[So] Source:Mol Ecol;25(9):2065-80, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:1365-294X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae, is an invasive pest of hemlock trees (Tsuga) in eastern North America. We used 14 microsatellites and mitochondrial COI sequences to assess its worldwide genetic structure and reconstruct its colonization history. The resulting information about its life cycle, biogeography and host specialization could help predict invasion by insect herbivores. We identified eight endemic lineages of hemlock adelgids in central China, western China, Ulleung Island (South Korea), western North America, and two each in Taiwan and Japan, with the Japanese lineages specializing on different Tsuga species. Adelgid life cycles varied at local and continental scales with different sexual, obligately asexual and facultatively asexual lineages. Adelgids in western North America exhibited very high microsatellite heterozygosity, which suggests ancient asexuality. The earliest lineages diverged in Asia during Pleistocene glacial periods, as estimated using approximate Bayesian computation. Colonization of western North America was estimated to have occurred prior to the last glacial period by adelgids directly ancestral to those in southern Japan, perhaps carried by birds. The modern invasion from southern Japan to eastern North America caused an extreme genetic bottleneck with just two closely related clones detected throughout the introduced range. Both colonization events to North America involved host shifts to unrelated hemlock species. These results suggest that genetic diversity, host specialization and host phylogeny are not predictive of adelgid invasion. Monitoring non-native sentinel host trees and focusing on invasion pathways might be more effective methods of preventing invasion than making predictions using species traits or evolutionary history.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genética Populacional
Hemípteros/genética
Cicutas (Apiáceas)
Espécies Introduzidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Teorema de Bayes
DNA Mitocondrial/genética
Extremo Oriente
Genótipo
Herbivoria
Repetições de Microssatélites
América do Norte
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Mitochondrial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170517
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170517
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/mec.13589


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[PMID]:24330052
[Au] Autor:Saffell BJ; Meinzer FC; Voelker SL; Shaw DC; Brooks JR; Lachenbruch B; McKay J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Forest Ecosystems and Society, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, 97331, USA.
[Ti] Título:Tree-ring stable isotopes record the impact of a foliar fungal pathogen on CO(2) assimilation and growth in Douglas-fir.
[So] Source:Plant Cell Environ;37(7):1536-47, 2014 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1365-3040
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Swiss needle cast (SNC) is a fungal disease of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) that has recently become prevalent in coastal areas of the Pacific Northwest. We used growth measurements and stable isotopes of carbon and oxygen in tree-rings of Douglas-fir and a non-susceptible reference species (western hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla) to evaluate their use as proxies for variation in past SNC infection, particularly in relation to potential explanatory climate factors. We sampled trees from an Oregon site where a fungicide trial took place from 1996 to 2000, which enabled the comparison of stable isotope values between trees with and without disease. Carbon stable isotope discrimination (Δ(13)C) of treated Douglas-fir tree-rings was greater than that of untreated Douglas-fir tree-rings during the fungicide treatment period. Both annual growth and tree-ring Δ(13)C increased with treatment such that treated Douglas-fir had values similar to co-occurring western hemlock during the treatment period. There was no difference in the tree-ring oxygen stable isotope ratio between treated and untreated Douglas-fir. Tree-ring Δ(13)C of diseased Douglas-fir was negatively correlated with relative humidity during the two previous summers, consistent with increased leaf colonization by SNC under high humidity conditions that leads to greater disease severity in following years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo
Marcação por Isótopo
Folhas de Planta/microbiologia
Pseudotsuga/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pseudotsuga/microbiologia
Árvores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Isótopos de Carbono
Clima
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/efeitos dos fármacos
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos
Pseudotsuga/anatomia & histologia
Pseudotsuga/metabolismo
Árvores/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antifungal Agents); 0 (Carbon Isotopes); 142M471B3J (Carbon Dioxide)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1501
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140603
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140603
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:131217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/pce.12256


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[PMID]:23844706
[Au] Autor:Lovett GM; Arthur MA; Weathers KC; Griffin JM
[Ad] Endereço:Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, Millbrook, New York.
[Ti] Título:Effects of introduced insects and diseases on forest ecosystems in the Catskill Mountains of New York.
[So] Source:Ann N Y Acad Sci;1298:66-77, 2013 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1749-6632
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Repeated invasions of non-native insects and pathogens have altered the structure and function of forest ecosystems in the Catskill Mountains of New York State, and will continue to do so in the future. Gypsy moth, beech bark disease, and hemlock woolly adelgid are among the insects and diseases currently established in the Catskills that are having significant effects on forests. Many others, including emerald ash borer, Asian long-horned beetle, Phytophthora ramorum, and Sirex wood wasp, are either very recently established in the Catskills or have been found elsewhere in North America and threaten to spread to this region. Short-term disturbances associated with these pests include reduction of productivity, tree decline and mortality, disruption of nutrient cycles, and reduction of seed production. Longer-term impacts are associated with shifts in tree species composition that alter productivity, nutrient cycling, and biodiversity. Catskill forests at mid to high elevations, such as the New York State Forest Preserve lands, are dominated by sugar maple and are particularly vulnerable to pests that use maple as a host, including the Asian long-horned beetle. The simultaneous effects of multiple invading insects and pathogens, and their interactions with changing climate and air pollution regimes, make it very difficult to predict the future composition of Catskill forests.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodiversidade
Ecossistema
Árvores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar
Animais
Coleópteros
Monitoramento Ambiental
Cicutas (Apiáceas)
Insetos
Espécies Introduzidas
Mariposas
New York
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1410
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130713
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/nyas.12215


  7 / 41 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:23393401
[Au] Autor:Mathisen A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of History, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, Canada N1G 2W1. mathisen.ashley@gmail.com
[Ti] Título:Mineral waters, electricity, and hemlock: devising therapeutics for children in eighteenth-century institutions.
[So] Source:Med Hist;57(1):28-44, 2013 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:2048-8343
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The development of paediatric medicine as a formal field of medical specialisation is usually traced to the mid-nineteenth century at the earliest. While it is true that formal specialisation in children's medicine was not, on the whole, typical for eighteenth-century medical practitioners, many displayed a deep and lasting interest in the diseases of children, and were consequently eager to develop therapeutic practices which could be targeted at infants and children. This led to a variety of attempts at innovation, many of which benefitted from the co-operation of, and opportunities afforded by, institutions. By examining the efforts of several medical practitioners at the London Foundling Hospital and at the Dispensary for the Infant Poor, this article explores how eighteenth-century medical practitioners used their affiliations with institutions to address the problems of devising or adapting therapeutic practices and treatments for children. In tailoring medical practice to suit children and, more specifically, in using institutions to do so, medical practitioners were demonstrating that child patients required special consideration, that children's diseases could be managed medically and with the benefit of new approaches and methods, and that children's health, as a whole, was the province of medical practitioners.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hospitais Pediátricos/história
Pediatria/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Criança
Terapia por Estimulação Elétrica
Cicutas (Apiáceas)
História do Século XVIII
Seres Humanos
Londres
Águas Minerais/uso terapêutico
Pediatria/métodos
Fitoterapia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Mineral Waters)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1304
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM; QIS
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:130209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/mdh.2012.79


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[PMID]:22722375
[Au] Autor:Jones AC; Mullins DE; Jones TH; Salom SM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA 24061-0319, USA. annej@vt.edu
[Ti] Título:Potential feeding deterrents found in hemlock woolly adelgid, Adelges tsugae.
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;99(7):583-6, 2012 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The nonnative hemlock woolly adelgid (Adelges tsugae Annand, Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Adelgidae) has been a significant mortality agent of eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis Carriere) throughout a large portion of its geographic range. During a study investigating adelgid vigor in relation to host health, it was noted that adelgid extracts ranged from a yellow to a deep red color. Analysis by GC-MS identified the presence of the anthraquinone, chrysophanol and its anthrone precursor, chrysarobin in the extract. These compounds are predator deterrents in several other insects, including chrysomelid beetles. It is hypothesized that these compounds serve a similar purpose in the hemlock woolly adelgid.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antracenos/química
Antracenos/isolamento & purificação
Antraquinonas/química
Antraquinonas/isolamento & purificação
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthracenes); 0 (Anthraquinones); 6307EF51M1 (chrysarobin); N1ST8V8RR2 (chrysophanic acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1211
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:120623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-012-0931-3


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[PMID]:21615069
[Au] Autor:Johnson HA
[Ad] Endereço:The Metropolitan Museum of Art, USA. horton_johnson@hotmail.com
[Ti] Título:The poison in the cup.
[So] Source:Pharos Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Med Soc;74(2):26-9, 2011.
[Is] ISSN:0031-7179
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Pessoas Famosas
Cicutas (Apiáceas)
Pinturas/história
Envenenamento/história
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atitude Frente à Morte
Mundo Grego
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Plantas Tóxicas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:BIOGRAPHY; HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Ps] Nome de pessoa como assunto:Socrates
[Em] Mês de entrada:1106
[Cu] Atualização por classe:110527
[Lr] Data última revisão:
110527
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110528
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:21356214
[Au] Autor:Rochefort S; Berthiaume R; Hébert C; Charest M; Bauce E
[Ad] Endereço:Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Faculté de Foresterie, de Géographie et de Géomatique, Pavillon Abitibi-Price, Université Laval, Québec G1V0A6, Canada. sophie.rochefort@ccapcable.com
[Ti] Título:Effect of temperature and host tree on cold hardiness of hemlock looper eggs along a latitudinal gradient.
[So] Source:J Insect Physiol;57(6):751-9, 2011 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1611
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The hemlock looper, Lambdina fiscellaria, is an economically important insect pest of Canadian forests which overwinters as eggs. Although the hemlock looper causes extensive damages, no information on the mechanisms related to its cold tolerance is known. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of temperature and exposure duration on hemlock looper winter survival but also to identify seasonal supercooling capacity and cryoprotectant levels of three populations along a latitudinal gradient. As host plant may contribute to offspring overwintering success, cold tolerance of hemlock looper eggs from parents whose larvae were fed on three different tree species was also measured. Mean supercooling point (SCP) of hemlock looper eggs was lower than -30 °C from October through the following spring with values being as low as -47 °C in February. Trehalose was the most abundant sugar found in hemlock looper eggs with a peak concentration of 0.3 µg mg⁻¹ DW⁻¹. Glycerol, a polyol, was more often absent in eggs of the different populations and tree species tested in the study. When exposed to different temperature regimes for various periods of time, significant mortality of hemlock looper eggs occurred at higher temperatures than the mean SCP. Thus, hemlock looper could be considered as a chill tolerant species. No clear pattern of population and host plant effects on SCP and cryoprotectants was detected in this study. However, when exposed to different winter temperatures and exposure duration, hemlock looper from higher latitudes survived better (survival rates ranging between 0 and 89% at -20 °C) than those from lower latitudes (survival rates ranging between 0 and 56% at -20 °C). Our results may contribute to a better understanding of hemlock looper winter biology and thus facilitate predictions of outbreaks and range expansion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cicutas (Apiáceas)/química
Cicutas (Apiáceas)/parasitologia
Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita
Mariposas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Canadá
Sobrevivência Celular
Temperatura Baixa
Dureza
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Óvulo/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Óvulo/fisiologia
Reprodução
Estações do Ano
Propriedades de Superfície
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1109
[Cu] Atualização por classe:110606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
110606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:110302
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1016/j.jinsphys.2011.02.013



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