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  1 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29351290
[Au] Autor:Dislich C; Hettig E; Salecker J; Heinonen J; Lay J; Meyer KM; Wiegand K; Tarigan S
[Ad] Endereço:Ecosystem Modelling, Faculty of Forest Sciences and Forest Ecology, University of Goettingen, Goettingen, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Land-use change in oil palm dominated tropical landscapes-An agent-based model to explore ecological and socio-economic trade-offs.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190506, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Land-use changes have dramatically transformed tropical landscapes. We describe an ecological-economic land-use change model as an integrated, exploratory tool used to analyze how tropical land-use change affects ecological and socio-economic functions. The model analysis seeks to determine what kind of landscape mosaic can improve the ensemble of ecosystem functioning, biodiversity, and economic benefit based on the synergies and trade-offs that we have to account for. More specifically, (1) how do specific ecosystem functions, such as carbon storage, and economic functions, such as household consumption, relate to each other? (2) How do external factors, such as the output prices of crops, affect these relationships? (3) How do these relationships change when production inefficiency differs between smallholder farmers and learning is incorporated? We initialize the ecological-economic model with artificially generated land-use maps parameterized to our study region. The economic sub-model simulates smallholder land-use management decisions based on a profit maximization assumption. Each household determines factor inputs for all household fields and decides on land-use change based on available wealth. The ecological sub-model includes a simple account of carbon sequestration in above-ground and below-ground vegetation. We demonstrate model capabilities with results on household consumption and carbon sequestration from different output price and farming efficiency scenarios. The overall results reveal complex interactions between the economic and ecological spheres. For instance, model scenarios with heterogeneous crop-specific household productivity reveal a comparatively high inertia of land-use change. Our model analysis even shows such an increased temporal stability in landscape composition and carbon stocks of the agricultural area under dynamic price trends. These findings underline the utility of ecological-economic models, such as ours, to act as exploratory tools which can advance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the trade-offs and synergies of ecological and economic functions in tropical landscapes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Produtos Agrícolas/economia
Ecossistema
Modelos Teóricos
Óleo de Palmeira
Clima Tropical
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Sequestro de Carbono
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
5QUO05548Z (Palm Oil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190506


  2 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29241332
[Au] Autor:Rencoret J; Kim H; Evaristo AB; Gutiérrez A; Ralph J; Del Río JC
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Recursos Naturales y Agrobiología de Sevilla (IRNAS), CSIC , Av. Reina Mercedes, 10, 41012 Seville, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Variability in Lignin Composition and Structure in Cell Walls of Different Parts of Macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata) Palm Fruit.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;66(1):138-153, 2018 Jan 10.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The lignins from different anatomical parts of macaúba (Acrocomia aculeata) palm fruit, namely stalks, epicarp, and endocarp, were studied. The lignin from stalks was enriched in S-lignin units (S/G 1.2) and ß-ether linkages (84% of the total) and was partially acylated at the γ-OH of the lignin side-chains (26% lignin acylation), predominantly with p-hydroxybenzoates and acetates. The epicarp lignin was highly enriched in G-lignin units (S/G 0.2) and consequently depleted in ß-ethers (65%) and enriched in condensed structures such as phenylcoumarans (24%) and dibenzodioxocins (3%). The endocarp lignin was strikingly different from the rest and presented large amounts of piceatannol units incorporated into the polymer. This resulted in a lignin polymer depleted in ß-ethers but enriched in condensed structures and linked piceatannol moieties. The incorporation of piceatannol into the lignin polymer seems to have a role in seed protection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/citologia
Parede Celular/química
Lignina/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acilação
Arecaceae/química
Parede Celular/metabolismo
Cromatografia em Gel
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Lignina/análise
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
Peso Molecular
Polissacarídeos/análise
Polissacarídeos/química
Estilbenos/análise
Estilbenos/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Polysaccharides); 0 (Stilbenes); 6KS3LS0D4F (3,3',4,5'-tetrahydroxystilbene); 9005-53-2 (Lignin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04638


  3 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29281878
[Au] Autor:Mustafa IF; Hussein MZ; Saifullah B; Idris AS; Hilmi NHZ; Fakurazi S
[Ad] Endereço:Materials Synthesis and Characterization Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia , 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Synthesis of (Hexaconazole-Zinc/Aluminum-Layered Double Hydroxide Nanocomposite) Fungicide Nanodelivery System for Controlling Ganoderma Disease in Oil Palm.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;66(4):806-813, 2018 Jan 31.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A fungicide, hexaconazole was successfully intercalated into the intergalleries of zinc/aluminum-layered double hydroxide (ZALDH) using the ion-exchange method. Due to the intercalation of hexaconazole, the basal spacing of the ZALDH was increased from 8.7 Å in ZALDH to 29.4 Å in hexaconazole-intercalated ZALDH (HZALDH). The intercalation of hexaconazole into the interlayer of the nanocomposite was confirmed using the Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) study. This supramolecular chemistry intercalation process enhanced the thermal stability of the hexaconazole moiety. The fungicide loading was estimated to be 51.8%. The nanodelivery system also shows better inhibition toward the Ganoderma boninense growth than the counterpart, free hexaconazole. The results from this work have a great potential to be further explored for combating basal stem rot (BSR) disease in oil palm plantation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/microbiologia
Fungicidas Industriais/administração & dosagem
Ganoderma/efeitos dos fármacos
Nanocompostos/química
Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle
Triazóis/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agroquímicos/administração & dosagem
Alumínio/química
Preparações de Ação Retardada
Hidróxidos/química
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Zinco/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Agrochemicals); 0 (Delayed-Action Preparations); 0 (Fungicides, Industrial); 0 (Hydroxides); 0 (Triazoles); CPD4NFA903 (Aluminum); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc); SX9R3X1FQV (hexaconazole)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04222


  4 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29228905
[Au] Autor:Kwong QB; Teh CK; Ong AL; Chew FT; Mayes S; Kulaveerasingam H; Tammi M; Yeoh SH; Appleton DR; Harikrishna JA
[Ad] Endereço:Biotechnology & Breeding Department, Sime Darby Plantation R&D Centre, 43400, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia. kwong.qi.bin@simedarbyplantation.com.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of methods and marker Systems in Genomic Selection of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis Jacq.).
[So] Source:BMC Genet;18(1):107, 2017 Dec 11.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2156
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Genomic selection (GS) uses genome-wide markers as an attempt to accelerate genetic gain in breeding programs of both animals and plants. This approach is particularly useful for perennial crops such as oil palm, which have long breeding cycles, and for which the optimal method for GS is still under debate. In this study, we evaluated the effect of different marker systems and modeling methods for implementing GS in an introgressed dura family derived from a Deli dura x Nigerian dura (Deli x Nigerian) with 112 individuals. This family is an important breeding source for developing new mother palms for superior oil yield and bunch characters. The traits of interest selected for this study were fruit-to-bunch (F/B), shell-to-fruit (S/F), kernel-to-fruit (K/F), mesocarp-to-fruit (M/F), oil per palm (O/P) and oil-to-dry mesocarp (O/DM). The marker systems evaluated were simple sequence repeats (SSRs) and single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). RR-BLUP, Bayesian A, B, Cπ, LASSO, Ridge Regression and two machine learning methods (SVM and Random Forest) were used to evaluate GS accuracy of the traits. RESULTS: The kinship coefficient between individuals in this family ranged from 0.35 to 0.62. S/F and O/DM had the highest genomic heritability, whereas F/B and O/P had the lowest. The accuracies using 135 SSRs were low, with accuracies of the traits around 0.20. The average accuracy of machine learning methods was 0.24, as compared to 0.20 achieved by other methods. The trait with the highest mean accuracy was F/B (0.28), while the lowest were both M/F and O/P (0.18). By using whole genomic SNPs, the accuracies for all traits, especially for O/DM (0.43), S/F (0.39) and M/F (0.30) were improved. The average accuracy of machine learning methods was 0.32, compared to 0.31 achieved by other methods. CONCLUSION: Due to high genomic resolution, the use of whole-genome SNPs improved the efficiency of GS dramatically for oil palm and is recommended for dura breeding programs. Machine learning slightly outperformed other methods, but required parameters optimization for GS implementation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/genética
Marcadores Genéticos
Genoma de Planta
Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos
Seleção Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arecaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Teorema de Bayes
Mapeamento Cromossômico
Cromossomos de Plantas
Genômica
Genótipo
Repetições de Microssatélites
Fenótipo
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180118
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180118
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12863-017-0576-5


  5 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29228032
[Au] Autor:Xiao Y; Zhou L; Lei X; Cao H; Wang Y; Dou Y; Tang W; Xia W
[Ad] Endereço:Coconuts Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences, Wenchang, P.R. China.
[Ti] Título:Genome-wide identification of WRKY genes and their expression profiles under different abiotic stresses in Elaeis guineensis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189224, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:African oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) is an important oil crop grown in tropical region and sensitive to low temperature along with high tolerance to salt and drought stresses. Since the WRKY transcription factor family plays central roles in the regulation of plant stress tolerance, 95 genes belonging to the WRKY family were identified and characterized in oil palm genome. Gene structure analysis showed that EgWRKY genes have considerable variation in intron number (0 to 12) and gene length (477bp to 89,167 bp). Duplicated genes identification indicated 32 EgWRKY genes originated from segmental duplication and two from tandem duplication. Based on transcriptome data, most EgWRKY genes showed tissue-specific expression patterns and their expression could be induced under cold stress. Furthermore, six EgWRKY genes with more than two-folded increased expression level under cold stress were validated by RT-qPCR, which has higher expression level in cold, drought and high salinity treatment. The identification and characterization of WRKY gene family showed that EgWRKY were associated with a wide range of abiotic stress responses in Elaeis guineensis and some EgWRKY members with high expression levels could be selected for further research in analyzing their functions in the stress response in African oil palm.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/genética
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Genes de Plantas
Estresse Fisiológico/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189224


  6 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29220385
[Au] Autor:Wider D; Picard D
[Ad] Endereço:Département de Biologie Cellulaire, Université de Genève, Sciences III, Genève, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Secreted dual reporter assay with Gaussia luciferase and the red fluorescent protein mCherry.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189403, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The availability of a wide range of reporter proteins, which can easily be quantitated, has had a major impact on many fields of biomedical research. In some experiments with tissue culture cells, it is necessary to control for differences in transfection efficiency and in other expression parameters. This requirement has been very conveniently met with the popular dual luciferase assay. Its disadvantages are the requirement for cell lysis, the inability to analyze the same cells repeatedly, and the cost, at least in its most commonly used commercial format. Here we describe a novel dual reporter assay with the naturally secreted luciferase from Gaussia princeps as the main reporter protein and a secreted version of the red fluorescent protein mCherry as internal standard. After first measuring mCherry fluorescence in the medium, an enzyme buffer with coelenterazine as substrate is added to the same sample to trigger a glow-type luminescence of the luciferase. The simple and cheap assay can easily be adapted to a variety of experimental situations. As a case in point, we have developed a panel of Gaussia luciferase reporter genes for transcriptional activation assays with estrogen and glucocorticoid response elements, and with response elements for fusion proteins with the Gal4 DNA binding domain for use in mammalian cells. Our secreted dual reporter assay should be an attractive alternative to the currently available commercial kits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/enzimologia
Luciferases/metabolismo
Proteínas Luminescentes/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genes Reporter
Ativação Transcricional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Luminescent Proteins); 0 (red fluorescent protein); EC 1.13.12.- (Luciferases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189403


  7 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29216248
[Au] Autor:Zahouli JBZ; Koudou BG; Müller P; Malone D; Tano Y; Utzinger J
[Ad] Endereço:Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland.
[Ti] Título:Effect of land-use changes on the abundance, distribution, and host-seeking behavior of Aedes arbovirus vectors in oil palm-dominated landscapes, southeastern Côte d'Ivoire.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0189082, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Identifying priority areas for vector control is of considerable public health relevance. Arthropod-borne viruses (arboviruses) spread by Aedes mosquitoes are (re)emerging in many parts of the tropics, partially explained by changes in agricultural land-use. We explored the effects of land-use changes on the abundance, distribution, and host-seeking behavior of Aedes mosquitoes along a gradient of anthropogenic disturbance in oil palm-dominated landscapes in southeastern Côte d'Ivoire. METHODOLOGY: Between January and December 2014, eggs, larvae, pupae, and adults of Aedes mosquitoes were sampled in four types of macrohabitats (rainforest, polyculture, oil palm monoculture, and rural housing areas), using standard procedures (bamboo-ovitraps, metallic-ovitraps, larval surveys, and human-baited double-net traps). Immature stages were reared and adult mosquitoes identified at species level. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A total of 28,276 Aedes specimens belonging to 11 species were collected. No Aedes-positive microhabitat and only four specimens of Ae. aegypti were found in oil palm monoculture. The highest abundance of Aedes mosquitoes (60.9%) was found in polyculture, while the highest species richness (11 species) was observed in rainforest. Ae. aegypti was the predominant Aedes species, and exhibited high anthropophilic behavior inflicting 93.0% of total biting to humans. The biting rate of Aedes mosquitoes was 34.6 and 7.2-fold higher in polyculture and rural housing areas, respectively, compared to rainforest. Three species (Ae. aegypti, Ae. dendrophilus, and Ae. vittatus) bit humans in polyculture and rural housing areas, with respective biting rates of 21.48 and 4.48 females/person/day. Unexpectedly, all three species were also feeding during darkness. Aedes females showed bimodal daily feeding cycles with peaks at around 08:00 a.m. and 05:00 p.m. Host-seeking activities were interrupted between 11:00 a.m. and 02:00 p.m. in rural housing areas, while no such interruption was observed in polyculture. Some rainforest-dwelling Aedes species displayed little preference to feed on humans. CONCLUSIONS: In southeastern Côte d'Ivoire, the agricultural land-use/land-cover changes due to the conversion of rainforest into oil palm monocultures influence the abundance, distribution, and host-seeking behaviors of anthropophagic and non-anthropophagic Aedes vectors. As a result, there is higher risk of humans to arbovirus transmission in polyculture and rural housing areas. There is a need for integrated vector management, including landscape epidemiology and ecotope-based vector control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aedes/virologia
Arbovirus/isolamento & purificação
Arecaceae
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais
Mosquitos Vetores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Costa do Marfim
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171208
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0189082


  8 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29188688
[Au] Autor:Williams SJ; Jones JPG; Annewandter R; Gibbons JM
[Ti] Título:Cultivation can increase harvesting pressure on overexploited plant populations.
[So] Source:Ecol Appl;24(8):2050-62, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1051-0761
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Captive breeding and cultivation of overharvested species is frequently proposed as a conservation strategy, yet there is little evidence under what conditions, if at all, the strategy is effective. We created a bioeconomic model to investigate the socioeconomic conditions favoring cultivation over wild harvesting and likely impacts on the wild population. We parameterize the model with the case study of illegal xaté palm (Chamaedorea ernesti-augusti) harvesting in Belize and Guatemala. We examine how changes in law enforcement, a price premium for cultivated leaf, land ownership, and alternative income might affect decisions to cultivate and the impact of cultivation on wild populations. We show that those switching to cultivation are largely not wild harvesters because of barriers such as land ownership. We also find that if harvesters do switch to cultivation, they may have a negative effect on the wild population through harvesting of material to set up plantations. We found increasing alternative income reduces harvesting pressure and suggests the provision of alternative livelihoods would more directly reduce pressure on the wild population. Although schemes to encourage cultivation seem an appealing conservation intervention, we urge caution in assuming that people will readily adopt cultivation of wild harvested species or that this would necessarily reduce impacts on wild populations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Arecaceae/fisiologia
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Belize
Simulação por Computador
Monitoramento Ambiental
Guatemala
Modelos Biológicos
Dinâmica Populacional
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29185670
[Au] Autor:Edwards DP; Magrach A; Woodcock P; Ji Y; Lim NT-; Edwards FA; Larsen TH; Hsu WW; Benedick S; Khen CV; Chung AYC; Reynolds G; Fisher B; Laurance WF; Wilcove DS; Hamer KC; Yu DW
[Ti] Título:Selective­logging and oil palm: multitaxon impacts, biodiversity indicators, and trade­offs for conservation planning.
[So] Source:Ecol Appl;24(8):2029-49, 2014.
[Is] ISSN:1051-0761
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Strong global demand for tropical timber and agricultural products has driven large-scale logging and subsequent conversion of tropical forests. Given that the majority of tropical landscapes have been or will likely be logged, the protection of biodiversity within tropical forests thus depends on whether species can persist in these economically exploited lands, and if species cannot persist, whether we can protect enough primary forest from logging and conversion. However, our knowledge of the impact of logging and conversion on biodiversity is limited to a few taxa, often sampled in different locations with complex land-use histories, hampering attempts to plan cost-effective conservation strategies and to draw conclusions across taxa. Spanning a land-use gradient of primary forest, once- and twice-logged forests, and oil palm plantations, we used traditional sampling and DNA metabarcoding to compile an extensive data set in Sabah, Malaysian Borneo for nine vertebrate and invertebrate taxa to quantify the biological impacts of logging and oil palm, develop cost-effective methods of protecting biodiversity, and examine whether there is congruence in response among taxa. Logged forests retained high species richness, including, on average, 70% of species found in primary forest. In contrast, conversion to oil palm dramatically reduces species richness, with significantly fewer primary-forest species than found on logged forest transects for seven taxa. Using a systematic conservation planning analysis, we show that efficient protection of primary-forest species is achieved with land portfolios that include a large proportion of logged-forest plots. Protecting logged forests is thus a cost-effective method of protecting an ecologically and taxonomically diverse range of species, particularly when conservation budgets are limited. Six indicator groups (birds, leaf-litter ants, beetles, aerial hymenopterans, flies, and true bugs) proved to be consistently good predictors of the response of the other taxa to logging and oil palm. Our results confidently establish the high conservation value of logged forests and the low value of oil palm. Cross-taxon congruence in responses to disturbance also suggests that the practice of focusing on key indicator taxa yields important information of general biodiversity in studies of logging and oil palm.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura
Arecaceae/fisiologia
Biodiversidade
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais/métodos
Agricultura Florestal
Floresta Úmida
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171201
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 1389 MEDLINE  
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Texto completo SciELO Brasil
[PMID]:29236800
[Au] Autor:Barbosa MU; Silva MA; Barros EML; Barbosa MU; Sousa RC; Lopes MADC; Coelho NPMF
[Ad] Endereço:MD, Faculdade Integral Diferencial (FACID DeVry), Teresina-PI, Brazil. Acquisition of data, manuscript writing.
[Ti] Título:Topical action of Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa L.) in myositis induced in rats.
[So] Source:Acta Cir Bras;32(11):956-963, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1678-2674
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To analyze the topical effects of Buriti oil (Mauritia flexuosa L.) in induced myositis in rats. METHODS: Thirty six male rats divided into three groups: Control group (C), induced myositis group (MI) and induced myositis group reated with Mauritia flexuosa L. (MT). After inducing myositis with 1% acetic acid, was topically applied 0.5 ml of Mauritia flexuosa L.extract on the posterior region of the right gastrocnemius muscle in animals belonging to group MT, for 7 and 14 days. RESULTS: The neutrophil number there was statistically significant difference, after 7 and 14 days, between groups C and MI (p <0.001) (p<0.01). The group MT there was a significant difference in relation to MI group in both experimental times with (p<0.001). The number of fibroblasts in the 14 days showed that when comparing the groups M and MT the differences were also significant (p<0.001). As for the DLL, in 7 days, there was a significant difference between group C and MI group (p <0.001). When considering the MT group, there was a significant difference in relation to the MI group (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: The extract of Mauritia flexuosa L. leaves lessened acute and chronic inflammation, increased fibroblast proliferation and reduced macroscopically edema.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Arecaceae/química
Carotenoides/administração & dosagem
Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos
Miosite/tratamento farmacológico
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
Óleos Vegetais/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ácido Acético
Administração Tópica
Animais
Carotenoides/farmacologia
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Inflamação
Masculino
Miosite/induzido quimicamente
Distribuição Aleatória
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Plant Oils); 0 (buriti oil); 36-88-4 (Carotenoids); Q40Q9N063P (Acetic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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