Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.198.500.200 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 443 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 45 ir para página                         

  1 / 443 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29342184
[Au] Autor:Alvarado-Sizzo H; Casas A; Parra F; Arreola-Nava HJ; Terrazas T; Sánchez C
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Investigaciones en Ecosistemas y Sustentabilidad (IIES), Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Morelia, Michoacán, México.
[Ti] Título:Species delimitation in the Stenocereus griseus (Cactaceae) species complex reveals a new species, S. huastecorum.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190385, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Stenocereus griseus species complex (SGSC) has long been considered taxonomically challenging because the number of taxa belonging to the complex and their geographical boundaries remain poorly understood. Bayesian clustering and genetic distance-based methods were used based on nine microsatellite loci in 377 individuals of three main putative species of the complex. The resulting genetic clusters were assessed for ecological niche divergence and areolar morphology, particularly spination patterns. We based our species boundaries on concordance between genetic, ecological, and morphological data, and were able to resolve four species, three of them corresponding to S. pruinosus from central Mexico, S. laevigatus from southern Mexico, and S. griseus from northern South America. A fourth species, previously considered to be S. griseus and commonly misidentified as S. pruinosus in northern Mexico showed significant genetic, ecological, and morphological differentiation suggesting that it should be considered a new species, S. huastecorum, which we describe here. We show that population genetic analyses, ecological niche modeling, and morphological studies are complementary approaches for delimiting species in taxonomically challenging plant groups such as the SGSC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cactaceae/classificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Teorema de Bayes
Cactaceae/genética
Genes de Plantas
Modelos Teóricos
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190385


  2 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28886195
[Au] Autor:Poolsup N; Suksomboon N; Paw NJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Silpakorn University, Nakhon-Pathom, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Effect of dragon fruit on glycemic control in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184577, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to systematically determine the effect of dragon fruit on glycemic control in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Electronic databases including MEDLINE, CENTRAL, CINAHL, Scopus, ScienceDirect®, Proquest, Web of Science®, LILACS, NAPRALERT, SciFinder, Clinicalkey, Herbmed, NCCIH and Google Scholar were searched from their earliest inception up to March 2017 for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which compared dragon fruit with placebo or no treatment in prediabetes or type 2 diabetes. Clinicaltrials.gov, clinicaltrialresults.org, and ISRCTN registry were also searched. Personal contact with experts and historical search of related articles was undertaken. Outcome of interest were fasting plasma glucose (FPG) and 2 hours post-prandial glucose (2HPP). Study selection, data extraction and study quality assessment were performed independently by two investigators. Disagreements were resolved by a third reviewer. Treatment effect was estimated with mean difference (MD). Effect estimates were pooled using inverse-variance weighted method. Heterogeneity was assessed with the Q statistic and quantified with the I2 statistic. DerSimonian and Laird random-effects model was used when the Q-statistic was significant at the level of 0.1, otherwise a fixed-effects model was used. RESULTS: Among 401 studies identified from literature search, 4 RCTs involving 36 prediabetes subjects and 109 type 2 diabetes patients were included in the analysis. In prediabetes, FPG reduction was significant with MD of -15.1 mg/dL (95% CI: -23.8 to -6.5 mg/dL, P-value = 0.0006). Meta-analysis in type 2 diabetes showed no effect of dragon fruit on FPG (MD -26.5 mg/dL, 95% CI: -72.6 mg/dL to 19.6 mg/dL) and in 2HPP (MD -30.5 mg/dL, 95% CI: -80.9 mg/dL to 19.9 mg/dL). CONCLUSION: The available evidence in prediabetes is interesting. This will shed some light on diabetes prevention. The effect in T2DM was not significant. However, a trend towards greater blood glucose reduction with higher dose was observed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos
Cactaceae/química
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico
Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Estado Pré-Diabético/tratamento farmacológico
Viés de Publicação
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Blood Glucose); 0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170909
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184577


  3 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28847084
[Au] Autor:Yiin CL; Quitain AT; Yusup S; Uemura Y; Sasaki M; Kida T
[Ad] Endereço:Biomass Processing Cluster, Center of Biofuel and Biochemical Research, Chemical Engineering Department, Mission Oriented Research (Green Technology), Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Bandar Seri Iskandar, 32610 Tronoh, Perak, Malaysia.
[Ti] Título:Choline chloride (ChCl) and monosodium glutamate (MSG)-based green solvents from optimized cactus malic acid for biomass delignification.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;244(Pt 1):941-948, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This work aimed to develop an efficient microwave-hydrothermal (MH) extraction of malic acid from abundant natural cactus as hydrogen bond donor (HBD) whereby the concentration was optimized using response surface methodology. The ideal process conditions were found to be at a solvent-to-feed ratio of 0.008, 120°C and 20min with 1.0g of oxidant, H O . Next generation environment-friendly solvents, low transition temperature mixtures (LTTMs) were synthesized from cactus malic acid with choline chloride (ChCl) and monosodium glutamate (MSG) as hydrogen bond acceptors (HBAs). The hydrogen-bonding interactions between the starting materials were determined. The efficiency of the LTTMs in removing lignin from oil palm biomass residues, empty fruit bunch (EFB) was also evaluated. The removal of amorphous hemicellulose and lignin after the pretreatment process resulted in an enhanced digestibility and thermal degradability of biomass.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cactaceae
Malatos
Glutamato de Sódio
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomassa
Colina
Peróxido de Hidrogênio
Hidrólise
Solventes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Malates); 0 (Solvents); 817L1N4CKP (malic acid); BBX060AN9V (Hydrogen Peroxide); N91BDP6H0X (Choline); W81N5U6R6U (Sodium Glutamate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170830
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28660301
[Au] Autor:López-Olmos K; Markow TA; Machado CA
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratorio Nacional de Genómica de la Biodiversidad, CINVESTAV, Irapuato, Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Evolution of GSTD1 in Cactophilic Drosophila.
[So] Source:J Mol Evol;84(5-6):285-294, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1432
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:GSTD1 is an insect glutathione S-transferase that has received considerable attention because of its role in detoxification of xenobiotic compounds, specifically pesticides and plant allelochemicals involved in detoxification, or in the use of some substrates as a nutritional source. GSTD1 has been implicated in the adaptation to a new cactus host in Drosophila mojavensis and thus constitutes an interesting candidate to study ecological genetics of adaptation in Drosophila. We conducted population genetic and molecular evolution analyses of the GstD1 gene in the context of association with different cactus hosts (Opuntia sp. vs. Columnar) in nine Drosophila species from the repleta group. We observed strong evidence of selection in GstD1 from D. hexastigma. This species is associated with a diverse set of columnar cacti with very complex chemistries. GstD1 sequences from D. hexastigma show evidence of a recent selective sweep, and positive selection at one residue just outside of the active site of the enzyme. The substitution (Q116T) at the site under selection leads to a conformational change in the enzyme that could have important consequences for substrate binding efficiency. Our results suggest that GSTD1 from D. hexastigma may have evolved improved substrate binding in order to adapt to the diverse chemical environments that this species encounters in the wild.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Glutationa Transferase/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aclimatação/genética
Adaptação Fisiológica/genética
Animais
Evolução Biológica
Cactaceae
Drosophila/genética
Proteínas de Drosophila/genética
Evolução Molecular
Genética Populacional/métodos
Glutationa Transferase/metabolismo
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drosophila Proteins); EC 2.5.1.18 (Glutathione Transferase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171026
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171026
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00239-017-9798-4


  5 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28610286
[Au] Autor:Pikart TG; Costa VA; Hansson C; Cristo SC; Vitorino MD
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Entomologia, Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Acre, 69920-900, Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil. tiago.florestal@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:A survey for potential biological control agents of Pereskia aculeata Miller (Cactaceae) in Brazil reveals two new species of Horismenus Walker (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4272(3):430-438, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This paper deals with the description of two new species of Horismenus Walker (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae) from Brazil, parasitoids of larvae of Adetus analis (Haldeman) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae). Both species are similar to Horismenus steirastomae (Girault), a species that also parasitizes cerambycids. Adetus analis is a pest of Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz (Cucurbitaceae), a minor crop in Brazil, Argentina and U.S.A., but also feeds in stems of Pereskia aculeata Miller (Cactaceae), an ornamental plant that has become a problematic weed species in Africa, where it was introduced. The two new Horismenus species are described, diagnosed, and compared to H. steirastomae.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agentes de Controle Biológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África
Animais
Argentina
Brasil
Cactaceae
Himenópteros
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Biological Control Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4272.3.8


  6 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28551213
[Au] Autor:García-Cruz L; Dueñas M; Santos-Buelgas C; Valle-Guadarrama S; Salinas-Moreno Y
[Ad] Endereço:Universidad Autónoma Chapingo, Mexico-Texcoco km 38.5, Texcoco de Mora, 56230 Mexico, Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Betalains and phenolic compounds profiling and antioxidant capacity of pitaya (Stenocereus spp.) fruit from two species (S. Pruinosus and S. stellatus).
[So] Source:Food Chem;234:111-118, 2017 Nov 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Pitaya fruits (Stenocereus spp.) contain betalains and phenolic compounds that have not been completely characterized. Fruits of two ecotypes of S. pruinosus, red-fleshed (SpR) and orange-fleshed (SpO), and two of S. stellatus, red-fleshed (SsR) and white-fleshed (SsW), were characterized in their betalains and phenolic compounds. The chromatographic profile of betalains was similar in SpR, SpO, and SsR, where indicaxanthin, gomphrenin I, phyllocacthin, and their isomers predominated. Betaxanthins content was higher than betacyanins and ranged from 17,706.7±1128.1 to 22,053.6±328.1µg/g dry sample. The identified phenolics mostly corresponded to hydroxycinnamoyl derivatives, flavonols and flavanones. The phenolics content was higher in S. stellatus than in S. pruinosus. The ecotype SsW, that had flesh without color, showed the highest concentration. The antioxidant capacity varied within 9.21±0.84 and 2.41±0.36µmolTrolox/g fresh sample, as determined by the ABTS assay. By its phytochemical composition, the fruits of pitaya can be a good source of antioxidant compounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/química
Betalaínas/química
Cactaceae/química
Frutas/química
Fenóis/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cactaceae/classificação
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Phenols); 37279-84-8 (Betalains)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170529
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28497409
[Au] Autor:Lledías F; Hernández F; Rivas V; García-Mendoza A; Cassab GI; Nieto-Sotelo J
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Biología Molecular de Plantas, Instituto de Biotecnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Av. Universidad # 2001, Col. Chamilpa C.P., 62210, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.
[Ti] Título:A Rapid and Reliable Method for Total Protein Extraction from Succulent Plants for Proteomic Analysis.
[So] Source:Protein J;36(4):308-321, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1875-8355
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Crassulacean acid metabolism plants have some morphological features, such as succulent and reduced leaves, thick cuticles, and sunken stomata that help them prevent excessive water loss and irradiation. As molecular constituents of these morphological adaptations to xeric environments, succulent plants produce a set of specific compounds such as complex polysaccharides, pigments, waxes, and terpenoids, to name a few, in addition to uncharacterized proteases. Since all these compounds interfere with the analysis of proteins by electrophoretic techniques, preparation of high quality samples from these sources represents a real challenge. The absence of adequate protocols for protein extraction has restrained the study of this class of plants at the molecular level. Here, we present a rapid and reliable protocol that could be accomplished in 1 h and applied to a broad range of plants with reproducible results. We were able to obtain well-resolved SDS/PAGE protein patterns in extracts from different members of the subfamilies Agavoideae (Agave, Yucca, Manfreda, and Furcraea), Nolinoideae (Dasylirion and Beucarnea), and the Cactaceae family. This method is based on the differential solubility of contaminants and proteins in the presence of acetone and pH-altered solutions. We speculate about the role of saponins and high molecular weight carbohydrates to produce electrophoretic-compatible samples. A modification of the basic protocol allowed the analysis of samples by bidimensional electrophoresis (2DE) for proteomic analysis. Furostanol glycoside 26-O-ß-glucosidase (an enzyme involved in steroid saponin synthesis) was successfully identified by mass spectrometry analysis and de novo sequencing of a 2DE spot from an Agave attenuata sample.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Extração Líquido-Líquido/métodos
Folhas de Planta/química
Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Proteômica/métodos
beta-Glucosidase/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acetona/química
Agave/química
Asparagaceae/química
Cactaceae/química
Eletroforese em Gel Bidimensional
Espectrometria de Massas
Solventes/química
Yucca/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Solvents); 1364PS73AF (Acetone); EC 3.2.1.- (furostanol glycoside 26-O-beta-glucosidase); EC 3.2.1.21 (beta-Glucosidase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170513
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10930-017-9720-3


  8 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28478866
[Au] Autor:Fujihara K; Koike S; Ogasawara Y; Takahashi K; Koyama K; Kinoshita K
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Meiji Pharmaceutical University, 2-522-1 Noshio, Kiyose-shi, Tokyo 204-8588, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Inhibition of amyloid ß aggregation and protective effect on SH-SY5Y cells by triterpenoid saponins from the cactus Polaskia chichipe.
[So] Source:Bioorg Med Chem;25(13):3377-3383, 2017 Jul 01.
[Is] ISSN:1464-3391
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Alzheimer's disease (AD) destroys brain function, especially in the hippocampus, and is a social problem worldwide. A major pathogenesis of AD is related to the accumulation of amyloid beta (Aß) peptides, resulting in neuronal cell death in the brain. Here, we isolated four saponins (1-4) and elucidated their structures from 1D and 2D NMR and HRFABMS spectral data. The structures of 1 and 2 were determined as new saponins which have cochalic acid as the aglycon, and 3 was determined as a new saponin with oleanolic acid as the aglycon. Compound 4 was confirmed as the known saponin chikusetsusaponin V (=ginsenoside R ). Isolated saponins (1-4) and six previously reported saponins (5-10) were tested for their inhibitory effects of Aß aggregation and their protective effects on SH-SY5Y cells against Aß-associated toxicity. As the results, compounds 3 and 4 showed inhibitory effect of Aß aggregation and compounds 5-8 exerted the protective effects on SH-SY5Y cells against Aß-associated toxicity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/antagonistas & inibidores
Cactaceae/química
Saponinas/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Seres Humanos
Estrutura Molecular
Agregados Proteicos/efeitos dos fármacos
Saponinas/química
Saponinas/isolamento & purificação
Relação Estrutura-Atividade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amyloid beta-Peptides); 0 (Protein Aggregates); 0 (Saponins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170803
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170803
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170509
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28426818
[Au] Autor:Cornejo-Romero A; Vargas-Mendoza CF; Aguilar-Martínez GF; Medina-Sánchez J; Rendón-Aguilar B; Valverde PL; Zavala-Hurtado JA; Serrato A; Rivas-Arancibia S; Pérez-Hernández MA; López-Ortega G; Jiménez-Sierra C
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Zoología, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biológicas, Instituto Politécnico Nacional, CD México, México.
[Ti] Título:Alternative glacial-interglacial refugia demographic hypotheses tested on Cephalocereus columna-trajani (Cactaceae) in the intertropical Mexican drylands.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(4):e0175905, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Historic demography changes of plant species adapted to New World arid environments could be consistent with either the Glacial Refugium Hypothesis (GRH), which posits that populations contracted to refuges during the cold-dry glacial and expanded in warm-humid interglacial periods, or with the Interglacial Refugium Hypothesis (IRH), which suggests that populations contracted during interglacials and expanded in glacial times. These contrasting hypotheses are developed in the present study for the giant columnar cactus Cephalocereus columna-trajani in the intertropical Mexican drylands where the effects of Late Quaternary climatic changes on phylogeography of cacti remain largely unknown. In order to determine if the historic demography and phylogeographic structure of the species are consistent with either hypothesis, sequences of the chloroplast regions psbA-trnH and trnT-trnL from 110 individuals from 10 populations comprising the full distribution range of this species were analysed. Standard estimators of genetic diversity and structure were calculated. The historic demography was analysed using a Bayesian approach and the palaeodistribution was derived from ecological niche modelling to determine if, in the arid environments of south-central Mexico, glacial-interglacial cycles drove the genetic divergence and diversification of this species. Results reveal low but statistically significant population differentiation (FST = 0.124, P < 0.001), although very clear geographic clusters are not formed. Genetic diversity, haplotype network and Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) demographic analyses suggest a population expansion estimated to have taken place in the Last Interglacial (123.04 kya, 95% CI 115.3-130.03). The species palaeodistribution is consistent with the ABC analyses and indicates that the potential area of palaedistribution and climatic suitability were larger during the Last Interglacial and Holocene than in the Last Glacial Maximum. Overall, these results suggest that C. columna-trajani experienced an expansion following the warm conditions of interglacials, in accordance with the GRH.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cactaceae/classificação
Ecossistema
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cactaceae/genética
Cactaceae/fisiologia
DNA de Plantas/genética
DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Genes de Plantas
Haplótipos
México
Modelos Teóricos
Fotossíntese
Clima Tropical
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170907
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170907
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175905


  10 / 443 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28425017
[Au] Autor:do Sacramento Ribeiro J; Santos LL; de Lima Júnior DM; de Albuquerque Mariz TM; Ladeira MM; de Azevedo PS; Lima CB; Dos Santos Silva MJM
[Ad] Endereço:Campus Arapiraca, Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Av. Manoel Severino Barbosa, s/n, Bom Sucesso, Arapiraca, AL, CEP:57309-005, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Spineless cactus associated with Tifton hay or sugarcane bagasse may replace corn silage in sheep diets.
[So] Source:Trop Anim Health Prod;49(5):995-1000, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-7438
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The effect of the replacement of corn silage with spineless cactus associated with Tifton 85 hay or sugarcane bagasse was evaluated on the performance, body weight components and sheep meat quality. Twenty-one Santa Inês male sheep with initial body weight of 22.9 ± 2.9 kg were used. They were confined in individual stalls for 74 days receiving the following diets: corn silage + concentrate (CS); spineless cactus + Tifton 85 hay + concentrate (TH); spineless cactus + sugarcane bagasse + concentrate (SB). After the feedlot period, the animals were slaughtered and their body components were weighed and sampled. Data were submitted to Tukey's test at 5% probability. The average daily gain (0.25 vs 0.14 kg), cold carcass weight (13.3 vs 13.7 kg), loin muscularity (0.6 vs 0.4 kg) and liver weight (0.7 vs. 0.5 kg) were higher (P < 0.05) for the TH diet when compared to that for the CS. The physical-chemical parameters of meat were not influenced (P > 0.05) by the treatments and presented about 20.1% of crude protein, 6.1% of crude fat and shear force of 2.0 kgf/cm . In complete diets for sheep, Tifton 85 hay associated with spineless cactus provides greater weight gain, cold carcass muscularity and organ weight when compared to those for animals fed with corn silage as exclusive roughage. Sugarcane bagasse associated with spineless cactus may replace corn silage in complete diets for sheep.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cactaceae/química
Celulose/análise
Carne/análise
Carneiro Doméstico/fisiologia
Silagem/análise
Ganho de Peso/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal/efeitos dos fármacos
Animais
Dieta/veterinária
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Masculino
Distribuição Aleatória
Carneiro Doméstico/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Zea mays/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fiber); 9004-34-6 (Cellulose); 9006-97-7 (bagasse)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170421
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s11250-017-1288-6



página 1 de 45 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde