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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.312.199 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29338034
[Au] Autor:Geremew A; Stiers I; Sierens T; Kefalew A; Triest L
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Plant Biology and Nature Management (APNA), Department of Biology, Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB), Brussels, Belgium.
[Ti] Título:Clonal growth strategy, diversity and structure: A spatiotemporal response to sedimentation in tropical Cyperus papyrus swamps.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0190810, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Land degradation and soil erosion in the upper catchments of tropical lakes fringed by papyrus vegetation can result in a sediment load gradient from land to lakeward. Understanding the dynamics of clonal modules (ramets and genets) and growth strategies of plants on such a gradient in both space and time is critical for exploring a species adaptation and processes regulating population structure and differentiation. We assessed the spatial and temporal dynamics in clonal growth, diversity, and structure of an emergent macrophyte, Cyperus papyrus (papyrus), in response to two contrasting sedimentation regimes by combining morphological traits and genotype data using 20 microsatellite markers. A total of 636 ramets from six permanent plots (18 x 30 m) in three Ethiopian papyrus swamps, each with discrete sedimentation regimes (high vs. low) were sampled for two years. We found that ramets under the high sedimentation regime (HSR) were significantly clumped and denser than the sparse and spreading ramets under the low sedimentation regime (LSR). The HSR resulted in significantly different ramets with short culm height and girth diameter as compared to the LSR. These results indicated that C. papyrus ameliorates the effect of sedimentation by shifting clonal growth strategy from guerrilla (in LSR) to phalanx (in HSR). Clonal richness, size, dominance, and clonal subrange differed significantly between sediment regimes and studied time periods. Each swamp under HSR revealed a significantly high clonal richness (R = 0.80) as compared to the LSR (R = 0.48). Such discrepancy in clonal richness reflected the occurrence of initial and repeated seedling recruitment strategies as a response to different sedimentation regimes. Overall, our spatial and short-term temporal observations highlighted that HSR enhances clonal richness and decreases clonal subrange owing to repeated seedling recruitment and genets turnover.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cyperus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Cyperus/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aclimatação
Adaptação Fisiológica
Biodiversidade
Cyperus/fisiologia
DNA de Plantas/genética
Etiópia
Variação Genética
Genótipo
Sedimentos Geológicos
Repetições de Microssatélites
Solo
Zonas Úmidas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant); 0 (Soil)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180117
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190810


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[PMID]:28638866
[Au] Autor:Sabiu S; Ajani EO; Sunmonu TO; Ashafa AOT
[Ad] Endereço:Phytomedicine, Food Factors and Toxicology Research Laboratory, Biochemistry Unit, Department of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria.
[Ti] Título:KINETICS OF MODULATORY ROLE OF L. ON THE SPECIFIC ACTIVITY OF KEY CARBOHYDRATE METABOLIZING ENZYMES.
[So] Source:Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med;14(4):46-53, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2505-0044
[Cp] País de publicação:Nigeria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The continuous search for new lead compounds as viable inhibitors of specific enzymes linked to carbohydrate metabolism has intensified. L. is one of the therapeutically implicated botanicals against several degenerative diseases including diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study evaluated the antioxidant and mechanism(s) of inhibitory potential of aqueous extract of on α-amylase and α-glucosidase . The extract was investigated for its radical scavenging and hypoglycaemic potentials using standard experimental procedures. Lineweaver-Burke plot was used to predict the manner in which the enzymes were inhibited. RESULTS: The data obtained revealed that the extract moderately and potently inhibited the specific activities of -amylase and -glucosidase, respectively. The inhibition was concentration-related with respective IC values of 5.19 and 0.78 mg/mL relative to that of the control (3.72 and 3.55 mg/mL). The extract also significantly scavenged free radicals and the effects elicited could be ascribed to its phytoconstituents. CONCLUSION: The respective competitive and non-competitive mode of action of the extract is due to its inhibitory potentials on the activities of -amylase and -glucosidase. Going forward, in addition to completely characterize the exact compound(s) responsible for the elicited activity in this study, pertinent attention will be given to the evaluation of the identified constituents.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cyperus/química
Inibidores Enzimáticos/química
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química
Hipoglicemiantes/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
alfa-Amilases/química
alfa-Glucosidases/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes/química
Cinética
alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores
alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Enzyme Inhibitors); 0 (Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors); 0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts); EC 3.2.1.1 (alpha-Amylases); EC 3.2.1.20 (alpha-Glucosidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.21010/ajtcam.v14i4.6


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[PMID]:28562038
[Au] Autor:Tang XY; Huang WD; Guo JJ; Yang Y; Tao R; Feng X
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Hydrobiology, Jinan University , Guangzhou 510632, China.
[Ti] Título:Use of Fe-Impregnated Biochar To Efficiently Sorb Chlorpyrifos, Reduce Uptake by Allium fistulosum L., and Enhance Microbial Community Diversity.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(26):5238-5243, 2017 Jul 05.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fe-impregnated biochar was assessed as a method to remove the pesticide pollutant chlorpyrifos, utilizing biochar/FeO composite synthesized via chemical coprecipitation of Fe /Fe onto Cyperus alternifolius biochar. Fe-impregnated biochar exhibited a higher sorption capacity than pristine biochar, resulting in more efficient removal of chlorpyrifos from water. Soil was dosed with pristine or Fe-impregnated biochar at 0.1 or 1.0% w/w, to evaluate chlorpyrifos uptake in Allium fistulosum L. (Welsh onion). The results showed that the average concentration of chlorpyrifos and its degradation product, 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinol (TCP), decreased in A. fistulosum L. with increased levels of pristine biochar and Fe-biochar. Fe-biochar was found to be more effective in reducing the uptake of chlorpyrifos by improving the sorption ability and increasing plant root iron plaque. Bioavailability of chlorpyrifos is reduced with both biochar and Fe-biochar soil dosing; however, the greatest persistence of chlorpyrifos residues was observed with 1.0% pristine biochar. Microbial community analysis showed Fe-biochar to have a positive impact on the efficiency of chlorpyrifos degradation in soils, possibly by altering microbial communities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Allium/metabolismo
Bactérias/metabolismo
Carvão Vegetal/química
Clorpirifos/química
Cyperus/química
Inseticidas/química
Ferro/química
Poluentes do Solo/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adsorção
Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/genética
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Biodegradação Ambiental
Biodiversidade
Clorpirifos/metabolismo
Inseticidas/metabolismo
Solo/química
Microbiologia do Solo
Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Insecticides); 0 (Soil); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (biochar); 16291-96-6 (Charcoal); E1UOL152H7 (Iron); JCS58I644W (Chlorpyrifos)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170601
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01300


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[PMID]:28527417
[Au] Autor:Chen F; Huber C; Schröder P
[Ad] Endereço:Helmholtz Zentrum München, GmbH, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Research Unit Comparative Microbiome Analysis, Ingolstädter Landstraße 1, D-85764 Neuherberg, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Fate of the sunscreen compound oxybenzone in Cyperus alternifolius based hydroponic culture: Uptake, biotransformation and phytotoxicity.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;182:638-646, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Oxybenzone (OBZ), a common ingredient in sunscreens and personal care products, has been frequently detected in effluents from municipal wastewater treatment plants and also in surface waters. OBZ is an emerging contaminant due to its adverse impacts on marine/aquatic ecosystems. To investigate the removal and degradation capacity of phytotreatment for OBZ, the common wetland plant species Cyperus alternifolius L. was exposed to this compound at 5, 25 and 50 µM for 120 h, respectively. Continuous uptake by roots and accumulation in plant tissues was observed over the exposure time, and depletion of spiked OBZ from the aqueous medium exceeded 73.9 ± 9.1% after 120 h. Similar to its fate in mammalian cells, OBZ is activated in a phase I reaction resulting in the hydroxylated metabolite 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone (DHB). Independently, two phase II metabolites were identified as oxybenzone-glucoside (OBZ-Glu) and oxybenzone-(6-O-malonyl)-glucoside (OBZ-Mal-Glu) by LC-MS/MS. Formation of these metabolites increased over the experimental period. To our knowledge this is the first time that DHB, OBZ-Glu and OBZ-Mal-Glu are shown to be formed in higher plant tissues. Furthermore, plant defense systems-antioxidative enzymes (SOD, CAT, APOX and POX) were found to be elevated to counteract stress caused by exposure to OBZ. This study presents the huge potential of aquatic plants to cope with benzophenone type UV filters in contaminated water bodies.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Benzofenonas/metabolismo
Cyperus/metabolismo
Hidroponia/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Benzofenonas/farmacocinética
Benzofenonas/toxicidade
Biodegradação Ambiental
Cyperus/citologia
Protetores Solares/metabolismo
Protetores Solares/farmacocinética
Protetores Solares/toxicidade
Águas Residuais/química
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzophenones); 0 (Sunscreening Agents); 0 (Waste Water); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 95OOS7VE0Y (oxybenzone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170521
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28289808
[Au] Autor:Kumwimba MN; Zhu B
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, #.9, Block 4, Ren min nan Road, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of Vegetated Drainage Ditches for Domestic Sewage Effluent Mitigation.
[So] Source:Bull Environ Contam Toxicol;98(5):682-689, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Plant species have an important role in eco-ditches; however, the Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters of nutrient uptake, growth rate and purification efficiency of ditch plants and their influences on domestic sewage treatment efficiency are still unclear. Growth rates of all nine species, but especially Lemna gibba, Cladophora and Myriophyllum verticillatum were best in undiluted domestic sewage as opposed to a mixture of domestic sewage. Performance of species to accumulate nutrients was not only species-specific, but was also affected by both sewage treatments. Removal efficiency of nutrients was dependent on both plant species and treatment. Uptake kinetic parameters were significantly affected by both nutrient form and plant species. The maximum uptake rate (Vmax) of NH -N was higher than NO -N. Similarly, Km values for NH -N were greater than NO -N. These results could be used to identify plants for sewage treatment efficiency and enhance water quality in eco-ditch treatment systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drenagem Sanitária
Esgotos/química
Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acorus/metabolismo
Compostos de Amônio/análise
Araceae/metabolismo
Centella/metabolismo
Clorófitas/metabolismo
Cyperus/metabolismo
Ecossistema
Ficus/metabolismo
Lythraceae/metabolismo
Modelos Teóricos
Nitratos/análise
Nitrogênio/análise
Fósforo/análise
Especificidade da Espécie
Traqueófitas/metabolismo
Zingiberales/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ammonium Compounds); 0 (Nitrates); 0 (Sewage); 27YLU75U4W (Phosphorus); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00128-017-2054-1


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[PMID]:28253877
[Au] Autor:Sutalangka C; Wattanathorn J
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Physiology and Graduate School (Neuroscience Program), Faculty of Medicine, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Neuroprotective and cognitive-enhancing effects of the combined extract of Cyperus rotundus and Zingiber officinale.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;17(1):135, 2017 Mar 03.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Currently, food supplements to improve age-related dementia are required. Therefore, we aimed to determine the effect of the combined extract of Cyperus rotundus and Zingiber officinale (CP1) on the improvement of age-related dementia in rats with AF64A-induced memory deficits. METHODS: Male Wistar rats weighing 180-200 g were orally given CP1 at doses of 100, 200 and 300 mg.kg BW for a period of 14 days after bilateral intracerebroventricular administration of AF64A. Spatial memory was assessed in all rats every 7 days throughout the 14 day-experimental period. At the end of the study, neuronal density, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity, oxidative stress status and the activation of MAPK cascades in the hippocampus were determined. RESULTS: Enhanced memory, increased neuronal density, decreased AChE activity and decreased oxidative stress status together with activated pERK1/2 were observed in the hippocampus of CP1-treated rats. These results suggested that CP1 might improve memory via enhanced cholinergic function and decreased neurodegeneration and oxidative stress. CONCLUSIONS: CP1 is a potential novel food supplement for dementia. However, further investigations on the subchronic toxicity of CP1 and drug interactions are required.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cognição/efeitos dos fármacos
Cyperus/química
Demência/tratamento farmacológico
Gengibre/química
Fármacos Neuroprotetores/uso terapêutico
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Masculino
Fitoterapia
Plantas Medicinais
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
Tailândia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Neuroprotective Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170313
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170313
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170304
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-017-1632-4


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[PMID]:28159295
[Au] Autor:Verdú S; Barat JM; Alava C; Grau R
[Ad] Endereço:Departamento de Tecnología de Alimentos, Universidad Politècnica de València, Spain. Electronic address: saveram@upvnet.upv.es.
[Ti] Título:Effect of tiger-nut (Cyperus esculentus) milk co-product on the surface and diffusional properties of a wheat-based matrix.
[So] Source:Food Chem;224:69-77, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The food processing industry generates huge volumes of waste and co-products which still contain valuable compounds. Tiger-nut milk production generates large amounts of a co-product with a high insoluble fibre content, which is interesting as a bioactive component from a nutritional viewpoint. This co-product is formed by two different tissues in composition, particle size and colour terms, so two different flours were obtained from them. Both flours were included in a wheat-based matrix at different substitution levels: 5%, 10% and 20% (d.b). The surface tension of matrices, and the wettability and diffusion of water and oil, were studied. The results showed the matrix's reduced capacity to interact with solvents, principally from the 10% substitution level, with diminished surface tension, and a longer time was needed for both water and oil to wet and diffuse.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cyperus/química
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Indústria de Processamento de Alimentos
Triticum/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Tensão Superficial
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27815029
[Au] Autor:Garbo F; Lavagnolo MC; Malagoli M; Schiavon M; Cossu R
[Ad] Endereço:DII, Department of Industrial Engineering, University of Padova, via Marzolo 9, 35131 Padova, Italy. Electronic address: francesco.garbo.2@phd.unipd.it.
[Ti] Título:Different leachate phytotreatment systems using sunflowers.
[So] Source:Waste Manag;59:267-275, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2456
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The use of energy crops in the treatment of wastewaters is of increasing interest, particularly in view of the widespread scarcity of water in many countries and the possibility of obtaining renewable fuels of vegetable origin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of landfill leachate phytotreatment using sunflowers, particularly as seeds from this crop are suitable for use in biodiesel production. Two different irrigation systems were tested: vertical flow and horizontal subsurface flow, with or without effluent recirculation. Plants were grown in 130L rectangular tanks placed in a special climatic chamber. Leachate irrigated units were submitted to increasing nitrogen concentrations up to 372mgN/L. Leachate was successfully tested as an alternative fertilizer for plants and was not found to inhibit biomass development. The experiment revealed good removal efficiencies for COD (η>50%) up until flowering, while phosphorous removal invariably exceeded 60%. Nitrogen removal rates decreased over time in all experimental units, particularly in vertical flow tanks. In general, horizontal flow units showed the best performances in terms of contaminant removal capacity; the effluent recirculation procedure did not improve performance. Significant evapo-transpiration was observed, particularly in vertical flow units, promoting removal of up to 80% of the inlet irrigation volume.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biodegradação Ambiental
Helianthus/metabolismo
Nitrogênio/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/química
Purificação da Água/métodos
Zonas Úmidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio
Biomassa
Cyperus
Fertilizantes
Seres Humanos
Nitrogênio/química
Fósforo
Poaceae
Polietileno/química
Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fertilizers); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 27YLU75U4W (Phosphorus); 9002-88-4 (Polyethylene); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161106
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27483131
[Au] Autor:Via SM; Zinnert JC; Young DR
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Biology , Virginia Commonwealth University , Richmond , VA , USA.
[Ti] Título:Multiple metrics quantify and differentiate responses of vegetation to composition B.
[So] Source:Int J Phytoremediation;19(1):56-64, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1549-7879
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Quantifying vegetation response to explosive compounds has focused predominantly on morphological impacts and uptake efficiency. A more comprehensive understanding of the total impacts of explosives on vegetation can be gained using a multivariate approach. We hypothesized that multiple variables representing morphological and physiological responses will more clearly differentiate species and treatments than any single variable. Individuals of three plant species were placed in soils contaminated with Composition B, which comprises 60% hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX) and 40% 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT), and grown for 2 months. Response metrics used included photosynthetic operation, water relations, growth characteristics, as well as nitrogen and carbon concentrations and isotopic compositions. Individual metrics showed high variability in response across the three species tested. Water relations and nitrogen isotopic composition exhibited the most consistent response across species. By comparing multiple variables simultaneously, better separation of both species and exposure was observed. The inclusion of novel metrics can reinforce previously established concepts and provide a new perspective. Additionally, the inclusion of various other metrics can greatly increase the ability to identify and differentiate particular groups. By using multivariate analyses and standard vegetation metrics, new aspects of the vegetation response to explosive compounds can be identified.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade
Substâncias Explosivas/toxicidade
Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos
Triazinas/toxicidade
Trinitrotolueno/toxicidade
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cyperus/anatomia & histologia
Cyperus/efeitos dos fármacos
Cyperus/fisiologia
Plantas/anatomia & histologia
Plantas/metabolismo
Ulmus/anatomia & histologia
Ulmus/efeitos dos fármacos
Ulmus/fisiologia
Vitis/anatomia & histologia
Vitis/efeitos dos fármacos
Vitis/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Explosive Agents); 0 (Triazines); 118-96-7 (Trinitrotoluene); W91SSV5831 (cyclonite)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27858863
[Au] Autor:Zeng LF; Liang WX; Liu JC; Chen XY; Du WY; Li ZP; Wang Q; Cao Y; Wang L; Meng CR; Wang KZ; Wang NS
[Ad] Endereço:aInstitute of Clinical Pharmacology, Guangzhou University of Chinese MedicinebThe 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine (Guangdong Provincial Hospital of Chinese Medicine)cThe 2nd Clinical College, Guangzhou University of Chinese MedicinedDepartment of Clinical Research/National Clinical Trials Institute, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, GuangzhoueWorld Federation of Chinese Medicine SocietiesfInstitute of Medicinal Plant Development of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Is adjunctive treatment with medication of liver-soothing-oriented method beneficial for depression after cerebrovascular accident?: A PRISMA-compliant meta-analysis.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);95(44):e5208, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Adjunctive treatment with medication of liver-soothing-oriented method (MLSM) is one of the most commonly used approaches for subjects with depression after cerebrovascular accident (DCVA) in China. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the outcome of MLSM treatment in subjects with DCVA using relevant published literature. METHODS: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, Chinese databases of China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, Sinomed, and VIP were used to collect all publications until March 2016. Randomized controlled trials comparing treatments with and without MLSM for subjects with DCVA were included. The quality of each publication was assessed based on the recent Handbook (5.1 version) for Cochrane Reviewers. Cochrane Collaboration's software RevMan 5.3 software was applied for data analysis. RESULTS: Thirty studies, including 2599 cases, were identified and collected. Adjunctive treatment with MLSM noticeably enhanced total effective rates (odds ratio 3.76; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.92-4.85, I = 0%, P = 0.96) in comparison to non-MLSM conventional pharmacotherapy. Compared to non-MLSM treatment, the changes of Hamilton Depression Scale in adjunctive treatment with MLSM, respectively, decreased and showed beneficial effects after 3 weeks (weighted mean difference [WMD] -4.83; 95% CI -6.82 to -2.83; I = 86%, P < 0.001), 4 weeks (WMD -4.20; 95% CI -5.06 to -3.33; I = 78%, P < 0.001), 6 weeks (WMD -3.36; 95% CI -4.05 to -2.68; I = 54%, P = 0.02), 8 weeks (WMD -4.83; 95% CI -5.62 to -4.04; I = 73%, P < 0.001), and 12 weeks (WMD -2.88; 95% CI -4.09 to -1.67; I = 58%, P = 0.09). As for changes in inflammatory cytokine levels, adjunctive treatment with MLSM was associated with a significant decrease in tumor necrosis factor-α, IL-6, and interleukin-1ß levels in comparison to non-MLSM treatment. Moreover, there were positive effects on score changes for National Institute of Health Stroke Scale, activities of daily living, Hamilton Anxiety Scale, Modified Edinburgh Scandinavian Stroke Scale, and Self-Rating Anxiety Scale. No serious adverse events were reported. CONCLUSION: MLSM appears to improve symptoms of depressive disorders, enhance immediate responses, and the quality of life in subjects with DCVA. The positive action of MLSM might be potentially connected with its immunoregulating effects. More prospective trials with strict design and larger sample sizes are warranted to clarify its effectiveness and safety.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Depressão/tratamento farmacológico
Depressão/etiologia
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
Fitoterapia
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bupleurum
China
Cyperus
Seres Humanos
Fígado
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drugs, Chinese Herbal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170917
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170917
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161119
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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