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Fotocópia
[PMID]:11777039
[Au] Autor:Smith JJ; Gavrilovic V; Smitley DR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, E. Lansing 48824, USA.
[Ti] Título:Native Vaccinium spp. and Gaylussacia spp. infested by Rhagoletis mendax (Diptera: Tephritidae) in the Great Lakes Region: a potential source of inoculum for infestation of cultivated blueberries.
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;94(6):1378-85, 2001 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:0022-0493
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, we addressed the question of whether or not native stands of blueberry (Vaccinium spp.) and/or huckleberry (Gaylussacia spp.) support populations of blueberry maggot, Rhagoletis mendax Curran, in the Great Lakes region. Infestation of commercial blueberries by the blueberry maggot, R. mendax, is a serious problem in many areas where blueberries are grown. In the past 10-20 yr, commercial bighbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum L., production has expanded into places such as southern Ontario and southern Quebec where blueberry maggot had not previously been reported. In the mid-1990s, isolated infestations of commercial highbush blueberry were reported in southern Ontario. Because R. mendax was not considered endemic to that area, it was widely assumed that the pests had come into the fields via movement from exotic localities. Here we present an alternative hypothesis, that the blueberry maggots infesting newly established highbush plantations are derived from native blueberries growing in the vicinity. To test this hypothesis, in 1997-1999, we sampled potential native hosts for R. mendax (Vaccinium spp. and Gaylussacia spp.) from 31 localities in the Great Lakes region, primarily in Michigan and Ontario. R. mendax was reared from fruits of native hosts collected at four sites in Michigan and one site each in Ontario, Indiana, and Ohio. V. corymbosum was the predominant host infested, with infestation of this host observed at five of the seven sites. However, two huckleberry species [Gaylussacia baccata (Wangenheim) K. Koch, and Gaylussacia dumosa (Andersson) Torrey & Gray] had the highest rates of infestation that we observed (25.4 and 17.6%, respectively). These data represent the first published reports of R. mendax infesting native host plants in the Great Lakes region, and support the hypothesis that infestations observed in commercial fields may have originated from infested native host plants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mirtilos Azuis (Planta)
Dípteros
Huckleberry (Planta)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Great Lakes Region
Illinois
Indiana
Michigan
New York
Ontário
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:0201
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161124
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161124
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:020105
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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