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[PMID]:29351563
[Au] Autor:Ates D; Aldemir S; Alsaleh A; Erdogmus S; Nemli S; Kahriman A; Ozkan H; Vandenberg A; Tanyolac B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Bioengineering, Faculty of Engineering, Ege University, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:A consensus linkage map of lentil based on DArT markers from three RIL mapping populations.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191375, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Lentil (Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris Medikus) is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), self-pollinating grain legume with a haploid genome size of about 4 Gbp and is grown throughout the world with current annual production of 4.9 million tonnes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consensus map of lentil (Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris Medikus) was constructed using three different lentils recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, including "CDC Redberry" x "ILL7502" (LR8), "ILL8006" x "CDC Milestone" (LR11) and "PI320937" x "Eston" (LR39). RESULTS: The lentil consensus map was composed of 9,793 DArT markers, covered a total of 977.47 cM with an average distance of 0.10 cM between adjacent markers and constructed 7 linkage groups representing 7 chromosomes of the lentil genome. The consensus map had no gap larger than 12.67 cM and only 5 gaps were found to be between 12.67 cM and 6.0 cM (on LG3 and LG4). The localization of the SNP markers on the lentil consensus map were in general consistent with their localization on the three individual genetic linkage maps and the lentil consensus map has longer map length, higher marker density and shorter average distance between the adjacent markers compared to the component linkage maps. CONCLUSION: This high-density consensus map could provide insight into the lentil genome. The consensus map could also help to construct a physical map using a Bacterial Artificial Chromosome library and map based cloning studies. Sequence information of DArT may help localization of orientation scaffolds from Next Generation Sequencing data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Mapeamento Cromossômico/métodos
Sequência Consenso
DNA de Plantas/genética
Ligação Genética
Genoma de Planta
Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180120
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191375


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[PMID]:29346404
[Au] Autor:Kumar S; Choudhary AK; Rana KS; Sarker A; Singh M
[Ad] Endereço:ICAR-National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, Pusa, New Delhi, India.
[Ti] Título:Bio-fortification potential of global wild annual lentil core collection.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191122, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lentil, generally known as poor man's' meat due to its high protein value is also a good source of dietary fiber, antioxidants and vitamins along with fast cooking characteristics. It could be used globally as a staple food crop to eradicate hidden hunger, if this nutritionally rich crop is further enriched with essential minerals. This requires identification of essential mineral rich germplasm. So, in the present study, a core set of 96 wild accessions extracted from 405 global wild annual collections comprising different species was analyzed to determine its bio-fortification potential. Impressive variation (mg/100 g) was observed for different minerals including Na (30-318), K (138.29-1578), P (37.50-593.75), Ca (4.74-188.75), Mg (15-159), Fe (2.82-14.12), Zn (1.29-12.62), Cu (0.5-7.12), Mn (1.22-9.99), Mo (1.02-11.89), Ni (0.16-3.49), Pb (0.01-0.58), Cd (0-0.03), Co (0-0.63) and As (0-0.02). Hierarchical clustering revealed high intra- and inter-specific variability. Further, correlation study showed positive significant association among minerals and between minerals including agro-morphological traits. Accessions representation from Turkey and Syria had maximum variability for different minerals. Diversity analysis exhibited wide geographical variations across gene-pool in core set. Potential use of the identified trait-specific genetic resources could be initial genetic material, for genetic base broadening and biofortification of cultivated lentil.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Lens (Planta)/química
Lens (Planta)/classificação
Minerais/análise
Valor Nutritivo
Análise de Componente Principal
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Minerals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180119
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191122


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[PMID]:28946315
[Au] Autor:Nosworthy MG; Medina G; Franczyk AJ; Neufeld J; Appah P; Utioh A; Frohlich P; House JD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Human Nutritional Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB R3 T 2N2, Canada. Electronic address: matthew.nosworthy@umanitoba.ca.
[Ti] Título:Effect of processing on the in vitro and in vivo protein quality of red and green lentils (Lens culinaris).
[So] Source:Food Chem;240:588-593, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In order to determine the effect of extrusion, baking and cooking on the protein quality of red and green lentils, a rodent bioassay was conducted and compared to an in vitro method of protein quality determination. On average, the Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Acid Score of red lentils (55.0) was higher than that of green lentils (50.8). Extruded lentil flour had higher scores (63.01 red, 57.09 green) than either cooked (57.40 red, 52.92 green) or baked (53.84 red, 47.14 green) flours. The average Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score of red lentils (0.54) was higher than green lentils (0.49). The Protein Efficiency Ratio of the extruded lentil flours (1.30 red, 1.34 green) was higher than that of the baked flour (0.98 red, 1.09 green). A correlation was found between in vivo and in vitro methods of determining protein digestibility (R =0.8934). This work could influence selection of processing method during product development.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Culinária
Proteínas na Dieta
Digestão
Farinha
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28946310
[Au] Autor:Okumus BN; Tacer-Caba Z; Kahraman K; Nilufer-Erdil D
[Ad] Endereço:Istanbul Technical University, Chemical and Metallurgical Engineering Faculty, Department of Food Engineering, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey. Electronic address: baharnurokumus@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Resistant starch type V formation in brown lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) starch with different lipids/fatty acids.
[So] Source:Food Chem;240:550-558, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to characterize the brown lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) starch and investigate the formation of amylose-lipid complexes (Resistant Starch Type V) by the addition of different lipids/fatty acids (10%, w/w) to both raw and cooked starch samples. Resistant starch content (measured by the official method of AACCI (Method 32-40), using the resistant starch assay kit) of raw brown lentil starch (BLS) increased significantly by the additions of lipids/fatty acids, starch sample complexed with HSO (hydrogenated sunflower oil) (14.1±0.4%) being the highest. For the cooked starch/lipid complexes, more profound effect was evident (22.2-67.7%). Peak, breakdown and trough viscosity values of the amylose-lipid complexed starches were significantly lower than that of BLS (p<0.05), while significant decreases in the setback and final viscosities were only detected in oil samples, but not in fatty acids. Each lipid in concern exerted different effects on the digestibility of starch and amylose-lipid complex formation while having no substantial differential effects on the thermal properties of starch depicted by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). Amylose-lipid complex formation with suitable fatty acids/lipids seems a promising way of increasing resistant starch content of food formulations. Although the applications being quite uncommon yet, brown lentil seems to have potential both as a starch and also as a resistant starch source.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Amilose
Ácidos Graxos
Lipídeos
Amido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fatty Acids); 0 (Lipids); 9005-25-8 (Starch); 9005-82-7 (Amylose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28922405
[Au] Autor:Laskar RA; Khan S
[Ad] Endereço:Mutation Breeding Laboratory, Department of Botany, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.
[Ti] Título:Assessment on induced genetic variability and divergence in the mutagenized lentil populations of microsperma and macrosperma cultivars developed using physical and chemical mutagenesis.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(9):e0184598, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Induced mutagenesis was employed to create genetic variation in the lentil cultivars for yield improvement. The assessments were made on genetic variability, character association, and genetic divergence among the twelve mutagenized populations and one parent population of each of the two lentil cultivars, developed by single and combination treatments with gamma rays and hydrazine hydrates. Analysis of variance revealed significant inter-population differences for the observed quantitative phenotypic traits. The sample mean of six treatment populations in each of the cultivar exhibited highly superior quantitative phenotypic traits compared to their parent cultivars. The higher values of heritability and genetic advance with a high genotypic coefficient of variation for most of the yield attributing traits confirmed the possibilities of lentil yield improvement through phenotypic selection. The number of pods and seeds per plant appeared to be priority traits in selection for higher yield due to their strong direct association with yield. The cluster analysis divided the total populations into three divergent groups in each lentil cultivar with parent genotypes in an independent group showing the high efficacy of the mutagens. Considering the highest contribution of yield trait to the genetic divergence among the clustered population, it was confirmed that the mutagenic treatments created a wide heritable variation for the trait in the mutant populations. The selection of high yielding mutants from the mutant populations of DPL 62 (100 Gy) and Pant L 406 (100Gy + 0.1% HZ) in the subsequent generation is expected to give elite lentil cultivars. Also, hybridization between members of the divergent group would produce diverse segregants for crop improvement. Apart from this, the induced mutations at loci controlling economically important traits in the selected high yielding mutants have successfully contributed in diversifying the accessible lentil genetic base and will definitely be of immense value to the future lentil breeding programmes in India.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Variação Genética
Genótipo
Lens (Planta)
Mutagênese
Melhoramento Vegetal/métodos
Característica Quantitativa Herdável
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Loci Gênicos
Índia
Lens (Planta)/genética
Lens (Planta)/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171016
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171016
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170919
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0184598


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[PMID]:28764061
[Au] Autor:Longobardi F; Innamorato V; Di Gioia A; Ventrella A; Lippolis V; Logrieco AF; Catucci L; Agostiano A
[Ad] Endereço:Dipartimento di Chimica, Università di Bari "Aldo Moro", Via Orabona 4, 70126 Bari, Italy. Electronic address: francesco.longobardi@uniba.it.
[Ti] Título:Geographical origin discrimination of lentils (Lens culinaris Medik.) using H NMR fingerprinting and multivariate statistical analyses.
[So] Source:Food Chem;237:743-748, 2017 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Lentil samples coming from two different countries, i.e. Italy and Canada, were analysed using untargeted H NMR fingerprinting in combination with chemometrics in order to build models able to classify them according to their geographical origin. For such aim, Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy (SIMCA), k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Principal Component Analysis followed by Linear Discriminant Analysis (PCA-LDA) and Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) were applied to the NMR data and the results were compared. The best combination of average recognition (100%) and cross-validation prediction abilities (96.7%) was obtained for the PCA-LDA. All the statistical models were validated both by using a test set and by carrying out a Monte Carlo Cross Validation: the obtained performances were found to be satisfying for all the models, with prediction abilities higher than 95% demonstrating the suitability of the developed methods. Finally, the metabolites that mostly contributed to the lentil discrimination were indicated.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise Discriminante
Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética
Análise Multivariada
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 380 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28764048
[Au] Autor:Primozic M; Duchek A; Nickerson M; Ghosh S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Bioproduct Sciences, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan S7N 5A8, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Effect of lentil proteins isolate concentration on the formation, stability and rheological behavior of oil-in-water nanoemulsions.
[So] Source:Food Chem;237:65-74, 2017 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The formation, stability and rheology of 5wt% oil-in-water nanoemulsions as a function of lentil protein isolate concentration (0.5-5wt%) at pH 3.0 was investigated for 28days. All nanoemulsions, except 1wt% protein, showed bimodal droplet size distribution where the larger diameter peak was ascribed to protein aggregates and entrapped oil droplets. The average droplet size for all nanoemulsions measured from the lower diameter peak ranged from 161 to 357nm, which did not change over 28days. Stable flowable nanoemulsions were formed at 1-2wt% protein concentrations. Nanoemulsions with 3 and 5wt% protein formed strong non-flowable gels which showed a two-step yielding behavior during strain-sweep rheology, indicating gel formation by interconnected clusters of proteins and oil droplets. This study demonstrated that lentil protein has a potential to be utilized as an emulsifier in nanoemulsions, as well as in the formation of emulsion gels at higher protein concentrations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)
Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Emulsificantes
Emulsões
Géis
Nanoestruturas
Reologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Emulsifying Agents); 0 (Emulsions); 0 (Gels); 0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170803
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28542358
[Au] Autor:Caracuta V; Vardi J; Paz Y; Boaretto E
[Ad] Endereço:Max Planck-Weizmann Center for Integrative Archaeology and Anthropology, Rehovot, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Farming legumes in the pre-pottery Neolithic: New discoveries from the site of Ahihud (Israel).
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177859, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:New discoveries of legumes in the lower Galilee at the prehistoric site of Ahihud in Israel shed light on early farming systems in the southern Levant. Radiocarbon dating of twelve legumes from pits and floors indicate that the farming of legumes was practiced in southern Levant as early as 10.240-10.200 (1σ) ago. The legumes were collected from pits and other domestic contexts dated to the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B. The legumes identified include Vicia faba L. (faba bean), V. ervilia (bitter vetch), V. narbonensis (narbon vetch), Lens sp. (lentil), Pisum sp. (pea), Lathyrus inconspicuus (inconspicuous pea) and L. hirosolymitanus (jerusalem vetchling). Comparison with coeval sites in the region show how the presence of peas, narbon vetches, inconspicuous peas, jerusalem vetchlings and bitter vetches together with faba bean and lentils is unique to the Pre-Pottery Neolithic, and might indicate specific patterns in farming or storing at the onset of agriculture.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/história
Produtos Agrícolas/história
Fabaceae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Arqueologia
História Antiga
Seres Humanos
Israel
Lathyrus
Lens (Planta)
Ervilhas
Datação Radiométrica
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
Vicia
Vicia faba
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170911
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170911
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177859


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[PMID]:28542267
[Au] Autor:Singh D; Singh CK; Kumari S; Singh Tomar RS; Karwa S; Singh R; Singh RB; Sarkar SK; Pal M
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Genetics, ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi, India.
[Ti] Título:Discerning morpho-anatomical, physiological and molecular multiformity in cultivated and wild genotypes of lentil with reconciliation to salinity stress.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(5):e0177465, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:One hundred and sixty two genotypes of different Lens species were screened for salinity tolerance in hydroponics at 40, 80 and 120 mM sodium chloride (NaCl) for 30 d. The germination, seedling growth, biomass accumulation, seedling survivability, salinity scores, root and shoot anatomy, sodium ion (Na+), chloride ion (Cl-) and potassium ion (K+) concentrations, proline and antioxidant activities were measured to evaluate the performance of all the genotypes. The results were compared in respect of physiological (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and seed yield components obtained from field trials for salinity stress conducted during two years. Expression of salt tolerance in hydroponics was found to be reliable indicator for similarity in salt tolerance between genotypes and was evident in saline soil based comparisons. Impressive genotypic variation for salinity tolerance was observed among the genotypes screened under hydroponic and saline field conditions. Plant concentrations of Na+ and Cl- at 120 mM NaCl were found significantly correlated with germination, root and shoot length, fresh and dry weight of roots and shoots, seedling survivability, salinity scores and K+ under controlled conditions and ranked the genotypes along with their seed yield in the field. Root and shoot anatomy of tolerant line (PDL-1) and wild accession (ILWL-137) showed restricted uptake of Na+ and Cl- due to thick layer of their epidermis and endodermis as compared to sensitive cultigen (L-4076). All the genotypes were scanned using SSR markers for genetic diversity, which generated high polymorphism. On the basis of cluster analysis and population structure the contrasting genotypes were grouped into different classes. These markers may further be tested to explore their potential in marker-assisted selection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lens (Planta)/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Lens (Planta)/fisiologia
Tolerância a Sal/fisiologia
Cloreto de Sódio/metabolismo
Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biomassa
Clorofila/metabolismo
Genótipo
Germinação/fisiologia
Hidroponia/métodos
Íons/metabolismo
Lens (Planta)/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo
Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia
Brotos de Planta/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Brotos de Planta/metabolismo
Brotos de Planta/fisiologia
Potássio/metabolismo
Salinidade
Plântulas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Plântulas/metabolismo
Plântulas/fisiologia
Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Sementes/metabolismo
Sementes/fisiologia
Solo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ions); 0 (Soil); 1406-65-1 (Chlorophyll); 451W47IQ8X (Sodium Chloride); RWP5GA015D (Potassium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170526
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0177465


  10 / 380 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28448137
[Au] Autor:Mirali M; Purves RW; Vandenberg A
[Ad] Endereço:Plant Sciences Department, University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5A8.
[Ti] Título:Profiling the Phenolic Compounds of the Four Major Seed Coat Types and Their Relation to Color Genes in Lentil.
[So] Source:J Nat Prod;80(5):1310-1317, 2017 May 26.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Phenolic compounds can provide antioxidant health benefits for humans, and foods such as lentils can be valuable dietary sources of different subclasses of these secondary metabolites. This study used LC-MS analyses to compare the phenolic profiles of lentil genotypes with four seed coat background colors (green, gray, tan, and brown) and two cotyledon colors (red and yellow) grown at two locations. The mean area ratio per mg sample (MARS) values of various phenolic compounds in lentil seeds varied with the different seed coat colors conferred by specific genotypes. Seed coats of lentil genotypes with the homozygous recessive tgc allele (green and gray seed coats) had higher MARS values of flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, and some flavonols. This suggests lentils featuring green and gray seed coats might be more promising as health-promoting foods.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/análise
Flavonóis/análise
Lens (Planta)/química
Fenóis/análise
Fenóis/química
Proantocianidinas/análise
Sementes/química
Sementes/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes/química
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Flavonóis/química
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Lens (Planta)/genética
Espectrometria de Massas
Estrutura Molecular
Proantocianidinas/química
Sementes/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Flavonols); 0 (Phenols); 0 (Proanthocyanidins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170925
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170925
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b00872



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