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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.595.400.149 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28851456
[Au] Autor:Moein E; Hajimehdipoor H; Toliyat T; Choopani R; Hamzeloo-Moghadam M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Traditional Pharmacy, School of Traditional Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
[Ti] Título:Formulation of an aloe-based product according to Iranian traditional medicine and development of its analysis method.
[So] Source:Daru;25(1):19, 2017 Aug 29.
[Is] ISSN:2008-2231
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Currently, people are more interested to traditional medicine. The traditional formulations should be converted to modern drug delivery systems to be more acceptable for the patients. In the present investigation, a poly herbal medicine "Ayarij-e-Faiqra" (AF) based on Iranian traditional medicine (ITM) has been formulated and its quality control parameters have been developed. METHODS: The main ingredients of AF including barks of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume and Cinnamomum cassia J. Presl, the rhizomes of Nardostachys jatamansi DC., the fruits of Piper cubeba L.f., the flowers of Rosa damascena Herrm., the oleo gum resin of Pistacia terebinthus L. and Aloe spp. dried juice were powdered and used for preparing seven tablet formulations of the herbal mixture. Flowability of the different formulated powders was examined and the best formulations were selected (F6&F7). The tablets were prepared from the selected formulations compared according to the physical characteristics and finally, F7 was selected and coated. Physicochemical characters of core and coated AF tablets were determined and the HPLC method for quantitation of aloin as a marker of tablets was selected and verified according to selectivity, linearity, precision, recovery, LOD and LOQ. RESULTS: The results showed that core and coated AF tablets were in agreement with USP requirements for herbal drugs. They had acceptable appearance, disintegration time, friability, hardness, dissolution behavior, weight variation and content uniformity. The amount of aloin in tablets was found 123.1 mg/tab. The HPLC method for aloin determination in AF tablets was verified according to selectivity, linearity (5-500 µg/ml, r :0.9999), precision (RSD: 1.62%), recovery (108.0%), LOD & LOQ (0.0053 & 0.0161 µg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: The formulated tablets could be a good substitute for powder and capsules of AF in ITM clinics with a feasible and precise method for its quality control. Ayarij-e-Faiqra formulation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aloe
Medicina Tradicional
Fitoterapia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cinnamomum
Composição de Medicamentos
Emodina/análogos & derivados
Emodina/análise
Emodina/uso terapêutico
Flores
Frutas
Medicina Herbária/métodos
Irã (Geográfico)
Medicina Tradicional/métodos
Nardostachys
Fitoterapia/métodos
Piper
Pistacia
Casca de Planta
Rizoma
Rosa
Comprimidos/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Tablets); KA46RNI6HN (Emodin); W41H6S09F4 (alloin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s40199-017-0185-x


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[PMID]:28659036
[Au] Autor:Song MY; Kang SY; Kang A; Hwang JH; Park YK; Jung HW
[Ad] Endereço:* Department of Rehabilitation Medicine of Korean Medicine, College of Korean Medicine, Dongguk University, Gyeongju 38066, South Korea.
[Ti] Título:Cinnamomum cassia Prevents High-Fat Diet-Induced Obesity in Mice through the Increase of Muscle Energy.
[So] Source:Am J Chin Med;45(5):1017-1031, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0192-415X
[Cp] País de publicação:Singapore
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The cortex of Cinnamomum cassia Presl (Cinnamomi Cortex: CC) has commonly been used for weight control in traditional medicines, but without a scientific basis. Therefore, this study was undertaken to investigate the anti-obesity effect of CC extract in a high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mouse model and in C2C12 mouse skeletal muscle cells. Male C57BL/6 mice were fed a normal diet or a HFD for 16 consecutive weeks, and orally administered CC extract (100 or 300[Formula: see text]mg/kg) or metformin (250[Formula: see text]mg/kg; positive control) daily for 16 weeks. CC extract administration significantly decreased body weights, food intakes, and serum levels of glucose, insulin, total cholesterol and ALT levels, prevented oral glucose tolerance and insulin resistance, inhibited the protein expressions of MyHC and PGC1[Formula: see text] and the phosphorylation of AMPK, suppressed lipid accumulation in liver, decreased adipocyte size and increased muscle mass in obese mice. For this in vitro study, C2C12 myoblasts were differentiated into the myotubes for five days, and then treated with CC extract (0.1 or 0.2[Formula: see text]mg/ml) for 24[Formula: see text]h. CC extract significantly increased ATP levels by increasing the mRNA expressions of mitochondrial biogenesis-related factors, such as, PGC1[Formula: see text], NRF-1, and Tfam, and the phosphorylations of AMPK and ACC. Our results suggest CC extract controls weight gain in obese mice by inhibiting lipid accumulation and increasing energy expenditure, and that its action mechanism involves the up-regulation of mitochondrial biogenesis in skeletal muscle cells.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cinnamomum/química
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
Metabolismo Energético/efeitos dos fármacos
Músculo Esquelético/citologia
Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo
Obesidade/tratamento farmacológico
Obesidade/etiologia
Fitoterapia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Células Cultivadas
Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos
Masculino
Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL
Mitocôndrias Musculares/metabolismo
Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170928
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170928
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170630
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1142/S0192415X17500549


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[PMID]:28447506
[Au] Autor:Azab SS; Abdel Jaleel GA; Eldahshan OA
[Ad] Endereço:a Pharmacology & Toxicology Department, Faculty of Pharmacy , Ain Shams University , Cairo , Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective potential of leaf essential oil of Cinnamomum glanduliferum in ethanol-induced rat experimental gastritis.
[So] Source:Pharm Biol;55(1):1654-1661, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1744-5116
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:CONTEXT: Nothing could be found in the literature concerning Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall) Meissn (Lauraceae) bark (CG) in Egypt. OBJECTIVE: To investigate CG volatile oil chemically and its anti-inflammatory and gastroprotective effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Essential oils were investigated by GC-MS. Leaves oil was assessed at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg for its anti-inflammatory effect against carrageenan-induced rat oedema model. Serum inflammation markers were measured. The gastro-protective effect of the same doses of the volatile oil was also tested in ethanol-induced non-ulcerative gastritis model in rats. Stomach oxidative stress markers were examined following 1 h after intragastric ethanol administration. RESULTS: Twenty-five and 20 compounds were identified from leaf and branch oils, respectively (98.85 and 99.13%). The major ones were: eucalyptol (59.44%; 55.74%), sabinene (14.99%; 7.12%), α-terpineol (6.44%; 9.81%), α-pinene (5.27%; 4.71%). Following 4 h of treatment leaves volatile oil at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg significantly reduced paw volume to 94, 82 and 69%, respectively. The same doses significantly reduced COX-2 activity to 73.8, 50.7 and 21.4 nmol/min/mL, respectively. A significant reduction of PGE2 concentration was observed (2.95 ± 0.2, 2.45 ± 0.15 and 1.75 ± 0.015 pg/mL). CG oil exhibited a significant modulatory effect on ethanol-induced gastritis in rats as the level of NO reduced to 32, 37 and 41 µM nitrate/g and also a significant inhibition of lipid peroxidation was observed via reduction of MDA concentration (1.15, 1.11 and 1.04 nmol/g). CONCLUSION: CG volatile oil exhibited an anti-inflammatory effect and protected against ethanol-induced non-ulcerative gastritis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Cinnamomum/química
Gastrite/prevenção & controle
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios/administração & dosagem
Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação
Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/efeitos dos fármacos
Modelos Animais de Doenças
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Egito
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/administração & dosagem
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/isolamento & purificação
Fármacos Gastrointestinais/farmacologia
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
Inflamação/patologia
Masculino
Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem
Óleos Voláteis/isolamento & purificação
Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
Folhas de Planta
Ratos
Ratos Wistar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Gastrointestinal Agents); 0 (Oils, Volatile); EC 1.14.99.1 (Cyclooxygenase 2)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/13880209.2017.1314512


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[PMID]:28190283
[Au] Autor:Taha AM; Eldahshan OA
[Ad] Endereço:Biochemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Abbassia, Cairo, 11566, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Chemical Characteristics, Antimicrobial, and Cytotoxic Activities of the Essential Oil of Egyptian Cinnamomum glanduliferum Bark.
[So] Source:Chem Biodivers;14(5), 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1612-1880
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The essential oil isolated from the bark of Cinnamomum glanduliferum (Wall) Meissn grown in Egypt was screened for its composition as well as its biological activity for the first time. The chemical composition was analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The antimicrobial activity of the oil was assessed using agar-well diffusion method toward representatives for each of Gram-positive bacteria, Gram-negative bacteria, and fungi. The cytotoxic activity was checked using three human cancer cell lines. Twenty seven compounds were identified, representing 99.07% of the total detected components. The major constituents were eucalyptol (65.87%), terpinen-4-ol (7.57%), α-terpineol (7.39%). The essential oil possessed strong antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli, with an activity index of one and minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) equaling to 0.49 µg/ml. The essential oil possessed good antimicrobial activities against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Geotrichum candidum, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis, Helicobacter pylori, Aspergillus fumigatus (MIC: 7.81, 1.95, 7.81, 0.98, 31.25, and 32.5 µg/ml, respectively). A considerable activity was reported against S. aureus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MIC; 32.5 and 31.25 µg/ml, respectively). The extracted oil was cytotoxic to colon (HCT-116), liver (HepG2), and breast (MCF-7) carcinoma cell lines with IC of 9.1, 42.4, and 57.3 µg/ml, respectively. These results revealed that Egyptian Cinnamomum glanduliferum bark oil exerts antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities mainly due to eucalyptol and other major compounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia
Cinnamomum/química
Óleos Voláteis/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antineoplásicos/farmacologia
Linhagem Celular Tumoral
Cicloexanóis/isolamento & purificação
Cicloexanóis/farmacologia
Cicloexenos/isolamento & purificação
Cicloexenos/farmacologia
Egito
Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos
Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos
Células HCT116
Células Hep G2
Seres Humanos
Células MCF-7
Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação
Monoterpenos/farmacologia
Óleos Voláteis/química
Óleos Voláteis/toxicidade
Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
Terpenos/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Infective Agents); 0 (Antineoplastic Agents); 0 (Cyclohexanols); 0 (Cyclohexenes); 0 (Monoterpenes); 0 (Oils, Volatile); 0 (Terpenes); 21334LVV8W (alpha-terpineol); 562-74-3 (terpinenol-4); RV6J6604TK (eucalyptol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170731
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170731
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/cbdv.201600443


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[PMID]:28088104
[Au] Autor:Maddinedi SB; Mandal BK; Maddili SK
[Ad] Endereço:The Key laboratory of Advanced Textile Materials and Manufacturing Technology of Ministry of Education, National Engineering Lab for Textile Fiber Materials and Processing Technology (Zhejiang), College of Materials and Textiles, Zhejiang Sci-Tech University, Hangzhou 310018, China; Trace Elements Speciation Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, School of Advanced Sciences, VIT University, Vellore 632014, India.
[Ti] Título:Biofabrication of size controllable silver nanoparticles - A green approach.
[So] Source:J Photochem Photobiol B;167:236-241, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2682
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A facile biosynthetic approach for the size controllable production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using the leaf extract of Cinnamomum tsoi as reducing and capping agent is developed. The polyphenolic functionalities present in the extract are essentially responsible for the synthesis and stabilization of AgNPs. The size and morphology of the AgNPs were effectively tuned by changing the volume of the extract. The availability of oxidized polyphenols play key role in tuning the size and morphology of the prepared NPs. The as prepared AgNPs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-visible), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Selected area electron diffraction (SAED), Dynamic light scattering (DLS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) techniques. FTIR and Zeta potential measurements have confirmed the decoration of oxidized polyphenols on the surface of synthesized AgNPs. TEM and DLS measurements revealed the size variation of AgNPs with change in the volume of plant extract. The prepared AgNPs showed the significant inhibition of α-amylase and α-glucosidase enzymes and exhibited a dose dependent activity. The enhanced in-vitro antidiabetic activity of the AgNPs may be due to the oxidized polyphenols present on the AgNPs surface which was confirmed by FTIR analysis. In addition, the present method is substitute to the chemical approaches of size controlled AgNPs synthesis that are being used nowadays.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
Prata/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cinnamomum/química
Cristalografia por Raios X
Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos
Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão
Tamanho da Partícula
Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hypoglycemic Agents); 3M4G523W1G (Silver)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170412
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170412
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170115
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28070931
[Au] Autor:Yoon JJ; Sohn EJ; Kim JH; Seo JW; Kim SH
[Ad] Endereço:College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegidong, Dongdaemungu, Seoul, 131-701, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Anti-rheumatoid Arthritis Effect of Kaejadan via Analgesic and Antiinflammatory Activity in vivo and in vitro.
[So] Source:Phytother Res;31(3):418-424, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1099-1573
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Although Kaejadan (KJD), an herbal cocktail of three medicinal plants (Lithospermum erythrorhizon, Cinnamomum loureirii, and Salvia miltiorrhiza), has been traditionally used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, its scientific evidence is not fully understood. Hence, we investigated antiinflammatory and analgesic mechanism of KJD in vivo and in vitro. Kaejadan suppressed the number of writhing responses in mice treated by acetic acid and showed antinociceptive effect by tail-flick test. Kaejadan abrogated serotonin or carrageenan or Freund's complete adjuvant (FCA)-induced paw edema and also reduced the level of Evans Blue for vascular permeability. Furthermore, KJD effectively reduced the positive responses for C-reactive protein and rheumatoid arthritis test in FCA-treated rats. Of note, KJD inhibited the level of lipid peroxide malondialdehyde and enhanced the level of superoxide dismutase in the hepatic tissues of FCA-treated rats. Additionally, KJD abrogated the levels of IL-1ß and IL-6 in lipopolysaccharide and IFN-γ-exposed RAW 264.7 cells. Also, KJD reduced the expression of cyclooxygenase 2 or inducible nitric oxide synthase at protein and mRNA levels in IFN-γ and lipopolysaccharide-exposed RAW 264.7 cells. Overall, our findings demonstrate that KJD exerts antiinflammatory and analgesic effects via enhancement of antioxidant activity and inhibition of proinflammatory cytokines. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Analgésicos/farmacologia
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Artrite Reumatoide/prevenção & controle
Cinnamomum/química
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
Lithospermum/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Salvia miltiorrhiza/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Analgésicos/uso terapêutico
Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico
Artrite Reumatoide/metabolismo
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo
Células Cultivadas
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico
Edema/tratamento farmacológico
Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico
Masculino
Camundongos
Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR
Extratos Vegetais/uso terapêutico
Ratos
Ratos Sprague-Dawley
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Analgesics); 0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Drugs, Chinese Herbal); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (kaejadan); 9007-41-4 (C-Reactive Protein)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170509
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170509
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170111
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ptr.5763


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[PMID]:28032317
[Au] Autor:Kim GJ; Lee JY; Choi HG; Kim SY; Kim E; Shim SH; Nam JW; Kim SH; Choi H
[Ad] Endereço:College of Pharmacy, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk, 38541, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Cinnamomulactone, a new butyrolactone from the twigs of Cinnamomum cassia and its inhibitory activity of matrix metalloproteinases.
[So] Source:Arch Pharm Res;40(3):304-310, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0253-6269
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cinnamomum cassia (Lauraceae) has long been used as one of the most frequently used traditional oriental medicines for the treatment of gastritis, diabetes, blood circulation disturbance and inflammatory diseases. Cinnamomulactone (1), a new butyrolactone was isolated from the twigs of C. cassia together with nine known compounds, coumarin (2), trans-cinnamic acid (3), cinnamaldehyde (4), 2-hydroxycinnamaldehyde (5), 2-methoxycinnamaldehyde (6), 2-hydroxy-cinnamyl alcohol (7), benzoic acid (8), (+)-syringaresinol (9) and phenethyl (E)-3-[4-methoxyphenyl]-2-propenoate (10). The planar structure of 1 was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data analysis and its configurations were determined by coupling constant ( J ) analysis and a comparison with specific rotation data of related compounds on the literatures. The structures of known compounds were confirmed by the comparison of their spectroscopic data to the reported values. Compound 10 was isolated for the first time from this plant. Compounds 1, 2, 4, and 9 showed inhibitory activity against matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) gene expression. Among them, compound 1 has been revealed to suppress the gene expression of MMP-3 and interleukin (IL)-1ß as well as MMP-1 in tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α stimulated rheumatoid arthritis synovial fibroblasts.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: 4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados
Cinnamomum/química
Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: 4-Butirolactona/química
4-Butirolactona/farmacologia
Artrite Reumatoide/enzimologia
Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Dexametasona/farmacologia
Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos
Seres Humanos
Interleucina-1beta/biossíntese
Interleucina-1beta/genética
Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/biossíntese
Metaloproteinase 1 da Matriz/genética
Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/biossíntese
Metaloproteinase 3 da Matriz/genética
Inibidores de Metaloproteinases de Matriz/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Caules de Planta/química
Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Interleukin-1beta); 0 (Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha); 0 (cinnamomulactone); 7S5I7G3JQL (Dexamethasone); EC 3.4.24.17 (Matrix Metalloproteinase 3); EC 3.4.24.7 (Matrix Metalloproteinase 1); OL659KIY4X (4-Butyrolactone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170404
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170404
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161230
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s12272-016-0877-7


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[PMID]:28028580
[Au] Autor:Funamoto D; Sugiura S
[Ad] Endereço:Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Rokkodai, Nada, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan. dai.funamoto@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Arthropods associated with fungal galls: do large galls support more abundant and diverse inhabitants?
[So] Source:Naturwissenschaften;104(1-2):6, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1904
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fungus-induced galls can attract spore-feeding arthropods as well as gall-feeding ones, resulting in diverse communities. Do large fungal galls support more abundant and diverse arthropod communities than small fungal galls? To address this question, we investigated the structure of the arthropod community associated with bud galls induced by the fungus Melanopsichium onumae on the tree species Cinnamomum yabunikkei (Lauraceae) in central Japan. Thirteen species of arthropods were associated with M. onumae galls. Dominant arthropod species were represented by the larvae of a salpingid beetle (a spore feeder), a nitidulid beetle (a spore feeder), a cosmopterigid moth (a spore feeder), an unidentified moth (a gall tissue feeder), and a drosophilid species (a gall tissue feeder). Arthropod abundance and species richness were positively correlated with gall diameter. The majority of the most abundant species were more frequently found in large galls than in small ones, indicating that large fungal galls, which have more food and/or space for arthropods, could support a more abundant and diverse arthropod community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Artrópodes/fisiologia
Basidiomycota/fisiologia
Biodiversidade
Cinnamomum/microbiologia
Tumores de Planta
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Japão
Densidade Demográfica
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170107
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170107
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161229
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00114-016-1426-4


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[PMID]:27739321
[Au] Autor:Sriramavaratharajan V; Stephan J; Sudha V; Murugan R
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Chemical and Biotechnology , SASTRA University , Thanjavur , India.
[Ti] Título:Variation in volatile constituents of Cinnamomum keralaense, endemic to the Western Ghats, India.
[So] Source:Nat Prod Res;31(7):840-843, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1478-6427
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Leaf essential oils (EOs) of Cinnamomum keralaense, an endemic species to Southern Western Ghats, India, were investigated. Leaves were collected from three distinct populations and hydro-distilled to obtain EOs, which were analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. A total of 68 constituents was identified from three EOs. Wide variation was found in the composition of EOs. Ten major compounds were identified from three EOs, however, none of the compound was present in all three EOs as major constituent. High content of methyl eugenol (82.5%) in one of the EOs is significant as it could be evaluated for commercial utilization. This is the first report on the chemical compositions of leaf EOs of C. keralaense.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cinnamomum/química
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromatografia Gasosa
Eugenol/análogos & derivados
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Índia
Óleos Voláteis/análise
Folhas de Planta/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Oils, Volatile); 0 (Volatile Organic Compounds); 29T9VA6R7M (methyleugenol); 3T8H1794QW (Eugenol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161015
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14786419.2016.1244197


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[PMID]:27690641
[Au] Autor:Yang S; Hu H; Hu T; Wang Q; Ye M; Luo J; Peng Y; Zhang R
[Ad] Endereço:a Key Laboratory of Forestry Ecological Engineering of Sichuan Province , College of Forestry, Sichuan Agricultural University , Chengdu , China.
[Ti] Título:Chemical constituents of Cinnamomum septentrionale leaf litter and its allelopathic activity on the growth of maize (Zea mays).
[So] Source:Nat Prod Res;31(11):1314-1317, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1478-6427
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A pot experiment was conducted to study the effect of decomposing Cinnamomum septentrionale leaf litter on the growth of maize. In this study, the morphological traits of maize were significantly inhibited when the leaf litter amount reached or exceeded 40 g per pot; Furthermore, during the early growth stage or with a large amount of litter addition, the pigment contents were inhibited by C. septentrionale leaf litter. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry was used to determine the volatile substances of leaf litter and 34 compounds were identified, several of which were reported to be phytotoxic. In conclusion, the leaf litter of C. septentrionale showed a strong allelopathic effect on the growth of maize. Thus, it is better to avoid the growing of maize under or near the C. septentrionale plantation unless the leaf litter could be eliminated in time or other effective leaf litter processing methods could be implemented.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Alelopatia
Cinnamomum/toxicidade
Folhas de Planta/toxicidade
Zea mays/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cinnamomum/química
Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas
Folhas de Planta/química
Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/farmacologia
Zea mays/efeitos dos fármacos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Volatile Organic Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170515
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170515
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161004
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/14786419.2016.1236102



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