Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.618.937 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 241 [refinar]
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  1 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28289808
[Au] Autor:Kumwimba MN; Zhu B
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Mountain Surface Processes and Ecological Regulation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, #.9, Block 4, Ren min nan Road, Chengdu, 610041, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Effectiveness of Vegetated Drainage Ditches for Domestic Sewage Effluent Mitigation.
[So] Source:Bull Environ Contam Toxicol;98(5):682-689, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0800
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Plant species have an important role in eco-ditches; however, the Michaelis-Menten kinetic parameters of nutrient uptake, growth rate and purification efficiency of ditch plants and their influences on domestic sewage treatment efficiency are still unclear. Growth rates of all nine species, but especially Lemna gibba, Cladophora and Myriophyllum verticillatum were best in undiluted domestic sewage as opposed to a mixture of domestic sewage. Performance of species to accumulate nutrients was not only species-specific, but was also affected by both sewage treatments. Removal efficiency of nutrients was dependent on both plant species and treatment. Uptake kinetic parameters were significantly affected by both nutrient form and plant species. The maximum uptake rate (Vmax) of NH -N was higher than NO -N. Similarly, Km values for NH -N were greater than NO -N. These results could be used to identify plants for sewage treatment efficiency and enhance water quality in eco-ditch treatment systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drenagem Sanitária
Esgotos/química
Gerenciamento de Resíduos/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Acorus/metabolismo
Compostos de Amônio/análise
Araceae/metabolismo
Centella/metabolismo
Clorófitas/metabolismo
Cyperus/metabolismo
Ecossistema
Ficus/metabolismo
Lythraceae/metabolismo
Modelos Teóricos
Nitratos/análise
Nitrogênio/análise
Fósforo/análise
Especificidade da Espécie
Traqueófitas/metabolismo
Zingiberales/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ammonium Compounds); 0 (Nitrates); 0 (Sewage); 27YLU75U4W (Phosphorus); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170315
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00128-017-2054-1


  2 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28120453
[Au] Autor:PIñeyro-Nelson A; Almeida AM; Sass C; Iles WJ; Specht CD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food and Animal Production, Autonomous Metropolitan University, Xochimilco, Mexico City, Mexico.
[Ti] Título:Change of Fate and Staminodial Laminarity as Potential Agents of Floral Diversification in the Zingiberales.
[So] Source:J Exp Zool B Mol Dev Evol;328(1-2):41-54, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1552-5015
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The evolution of floral morphology in the monocot order Zingiberales shows a trend in which androecial whorl organs are progressively modified into variously conspicuous "petaloid" structures with differing degrees of fertility. Petaloidy of androecial members results from extensive laminarization of an otherwise radially symmetric structure. The genetic basis of the laminarization of androecial members has been addressed through recent candidate gene studies focused on understanding the spatiotemporal expression patterns of genes known to be necessary to floral organ formation. Here, we explore the correlation between gene duplication events and floral and inflorescence morphological diversification across the Zingiberales by inferring ancestral character states and gene copy number using the most widely accepted phylogenetic hypotheses. Our results suggest that the duplication and differential loss of GLOBOSA (GLO) copies is correlated with a change in the degree of the laminarization of androecial members. We also find an association with increased diversification in most families. We hypothesize that retention of paralogs in flower development genes could have led to a developmental shift affecting androecial organs with potential adaptive consequences, thus favoring diversification in some lineages but not others.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Flores/anatomia & histologia
Flores/genética
Zingiberales/anatomia & histologia
Zingiberales/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Flores/fisiologia
Zingiberales/classificação
Zingiberales/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170126
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jez.b.22724


  3 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28081356
[Au] Autor:Otari SV; Pawar SH; Patel SKS; Singh RK; Kim SY; Lee JH; Zhang L; Lee JK
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemical Engineering, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título: Leaf Extract-Mediated Preparation of Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles: Characterization, Antimicrobial Activity, and Toxicity Studies.
[So] Source:J Microbiol Biotechnol;27(4):731-738, 2017 Apr 28.
[Is] ISSN:1738-8872
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A novel approach to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using leaf extract of Ker-Gawl. (CELE) under ambient conditions is reported here. The as-prepared AgNPs were analyzed by UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission emission microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, energy-dispersive analysis of X-ray spectroscopy, zeta potential, and dynamic light scattering. The AgNPs showed excellent antimicrobial activity against various pathogens, including bacteria and various fungi. The biocompatibility of the AgNPs was analyzed in the L929 cell line using NRU and MTT assays. Acridine orange/ethidium bromide staining was used to determine whether the AgNPs had necrotic or apoptotic effects on L929 cells. The concentration of AgNPs required for 50% inhibition of growth of mammalian cells is far more than that required for inhibition of pathogenic microorganisms. Thus, CELE is a candidate for the eco-friendly, clean, cost-effective, and nontoxic synthesis of AgNPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia
Química Verde/métodos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/química
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
Folhas de Planta/química
Prata/química
Zingiberales/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anti-Infecciosos/toxicidade
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Linhagem Celular/efeitos dos fármacos
Difusão Dinâmica da Luz/métodos
Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos
Teste de Materiais/métodos
Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura
Camundongos
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão/métodos
Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta/métodos
Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier/métodos
Espectroscopia por Absorção de Raios X/métodos
Difração de Raios X/métodos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Infective Agents); 0 (Plant Extracts); 3M4G523W1G (Silver)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171006
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171006
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4014/jmb.1610.10019


  4 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27979132
[Au] Autor:Juansang J; Puncha-Arnon S; Uttapap D; Puttanlek C; Rungsardthong V; Watcharatewinkul Y
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Biochemical Technology, School of Bioresources and Technology, King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi (Bang Khun Thian Campus), 49 Soi Thian Thale 25, Bang Khun Thian Chai Thale Road, Tha Kham, Bang Khun Thian, Bangkok 10150, Thailand.
[Ti] Título:Concentration of plasticizers applied during heat-moisture treatment affects properties of the modified canna starch.
[So] Source:Food Chem;221:1587-1594, 2017 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Effects of the concentration of plasticizers applied during heat-moisture treatment (HMT) on the properties of canna starch were investigated. The modified starches were prepared by soaking starch in 0 (water), 1, 3, 5, 10, 20 and 30% w/w glycerol or sorbitol solution for 24h and adjusting the moisture content to 25% before HMT (100°C, 1h). Changes in the pasting profiles of heat-moisture treated starches were more obvious when glycerol solutions were used instead of water. An increase in the concentration of glycerol solution from 1% to 5% resulted in a progressive decrease in paste viscosity; paste viscosity then increased as the glycerol concentration rose from 10 to 30%. A similar trend was observed when sorbitol was used as a plasticizer, but with a lesser effect. A scheme for arrangements of the molecular structure of starch during the process of HMT was suggested.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Manipulação de Alimentos
Plastificantes/análise
Amido/química
Zingiberales/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Glicerol/química
Temperatura Alta
Sorbitol/química
Viscosidade
Difração de Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plasticizers); 506T60A25R (Sorbitol); 9005-25-8 (Starch); PDC6A3C0OX (Glycerol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161217
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27908712
[Au] Autor:Xie F; Gong S; Zhang W; Wu J; Wang Z
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science & Technology, School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 800 Dongchuan Road, Shanghai 200240, China.
[Ti] Título:Potential of lignin from Canna edulis ker residue in the inhibition of α-d-glucosidase: Kinetics and interaction mechanism merging with docking simulation.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;95:592-602, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, we extracted lignin from Canna edulis ker residue. Its chemical structure, inhibitory activity on α-d-glucosidase, and kinetics as well as interaction mechanism were investigated by using spectrum analysis and docking simulation. The isolated lignin was composed by guaiacyl and syringal units, and exhibited stronger inhibition on α-d-glucosidase than acarbose with the half maximal inhibitory concentration at 5.3±0.3µM. It was a non-competitive inhibitior with K and K values of 0.53±0.02mM and 0.92±0.12µM, respectively. It could quench the intrinsic fluorescence of α-d-glucosidase through a static quenching mode. The calculated values of enthalpy and entropy change were 20.8±2.5kJmol and 172.7±0.8Jmol K , respectively. There was a single binding site on α-d-glucosidase for lignin, and the binding distance was 3.2nm. The molecular docking analysis exhibited that the hydrogen bonds, hydropholic interaction, and van der Waals forces were the main forces for lignin bind to α-d-glucosidase. This work provides a new insight into the interaction between the lignin and α-d-glucosidase, which might be beneficial to type 2 diabetes with the application of lignin in functional food and pharmacy fields.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/farmacologia
Lignina/metabolismo
Lignina/farmacologia
Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular
Zingiberales/química
alfa-Glucosidases/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Configuração de Carboidratos
Inibidores de Glicosídeo Hidrolases/química
Cinética
Lignina/química
Ligação Proteica
Conformação Proteica
Termodinâmica
alfa-Glucosidases/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors); 9005-53-2 (Lignin); EC 3.2.1.20 (alpha-Glucosidases)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170411
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170411
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161203
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27484395
[Au] Autor:Dong J; Wang L; Ma F; Yang J; Zhang X; Zhao T; Qi S
[Ad] Endereço:a School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering , Harbin Institute of Technology , Harbin , China.
[Ti] Título:Effects of Funnelliformis mosseae inoculation on alleviating atrazine damage in Canna indica L. var. flava Roxb.
[So] Source:Int J Phytoremediation;19(1):46-55, 2017 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1549-7879
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Atrazine residue in the environment continually damages plants and therefore requires immediate attention and effective development of methods for its decontamination. The effects of Funnelliformis mosseae inoculation on growth and physiology in atrazine-treated Canna indica L. var. flava Roxb. were investigated. At atrazine concentrations up to 15 mg L , the growth of C. indica plants were negatively affected. Inoculation with F. mosseae alleviated the atrazine inhibition of plant growth and biomass. Furthermore, the chlorophyll content and root function increased under F. mosseae inoculation, and the oxidative stress of malondialdehyde, peroxidase, and superoxide dismutase activities induced by atrazine were also alleviated by F. mosseae inoculation. The removal rate of atrazine by untreated C. indica was significant, with removal rates of 20.5-55.3% by the end of a 14-day experiment; however, F. mosseae inoculation increased the removal rate to 35.6-75.1%. In conclusion, F. mosseae inoculation can alleviate the damage induced by atrazine in C. indica. Accordingly, C. indica inoculated with F. mosseae has excellent potential to be used in phytoremediation in habitats polluted by high atrazine concentrations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Atrazina/metabolismo
Glomeromycota/fisiologia
Herbicidas/metabolismo
Zingiberales/metabolismo
Zingiberales/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Atrazina/toxicidade
Biodegradação Ambiental
Herbicidas/toxicidade
Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo
Poluentes do Solo/toxicidade
Poluentes Químicos da Água/metabolismo
Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Herbicides); 0 (Soil Pollutants); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); QJA9M5H4IM (Atrazine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170406
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170406
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160804
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27258097
[Au] Autor:Dogdu G; Yalcuk A; Postalcioglu S
[Ad] Endereço:a Faculty of Engineering and Architecture, Department of Environmental Engineering , Abant Izzet Baysal University , Gölköy Campus, Bolu , Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Application of the removal of pollutants from textile industry wastewater in constructed wetlands using fuzzy logic.
[So] Source:Environ Technol;38(4):443-455, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:0959-3330
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:There are more than a hundred textile industries in Turkey that discharge large quantities of dye-rich wastewater, resulting in water pollution. Such effluents must be treated to meet discharge limits imposed by the Water Framework Directive in Turkey. Industrial treatment facilities must be required to monitor operations, keep them cost-effective, prevent operational faults, discharge-limit infringements, and water pollution. This paper proposes the treatment of actual textile wastewater by vertical flow constructed wetland (VFCW) systems operation and monitoring effluent wastewater quality using fuzzy logic with a graphical user interface. The treatment performance of VFCW is investigated in terms of chemical oxygen demand and ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) content, color, and pH parameters during a 75-day period of operation. A computer program was developed with a fuzzy logic system (a decision- making tool) to graphically present (via a status analysis chart) the quality of treated textile effluent in relation to the Turkish Water Pollution Control Regulation. Fuzzy logic is used in the evaluation of data obtained from the VFCW systems and for notification of critical states exceeding the discharge limits. This creates a warning chart that reports any errors encountered in a reactor during the collection of any sample to the concerned party.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Lógica Fuzzy
Resíduos Industriais
Têxteis
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
Zonas Úmidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Compostos de Amônio/análise
Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio
Cor
Corantes
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Turquia
Typhaceae
Interface Usuário-Computador
Águas Residuais/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Zingiberales
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ammonium Compounds); 0 (Coloring Agents); 0 (Industrial Waste); 0 (Waste Water); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160604
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/09593330.2016.1196741


  8 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27614197
[Au] Autor:Lan X; Zhang J; Wu J; Xie F; Wang Z
[Ad] Endereço:School of Agriculture and Biology, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai 200240, China.
[Ti] Título:Application of two-phase lamellar model to study the ultrastructure of annealed canna starch: A comparison with linear correlation function.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;93(Pt A):1210-1216, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Canna starch was annealed at sub-gelatinization temperature (50°C) with different annealing time. Small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) was used to estimate the ultrastructure of the annealed starches with the combined two-phase lamellar model and one-dimensional correlation function. The results showed that, upon annealing, water preferably swelled the amorphous regions of canna starch granules while maintained the part of crystalline region, resulted in an increase in amorphous thickness (d ) and lamellar repeat distance (d). Power law plots indicates that a mass fractal (self-similar) structure was observed in canna starch, and annealing induces a less compact structure compared to native canna starch (NCS). Correlation analysis showed that no correlation was existed between annealing time and lamellar peak area, width of peak, and volume crystallinity. However, due to the initial degradation of the amorphous region, the volume crystallinity increased significantly with the increase of crystalline thickness (d ).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amido/química
Zingiberales/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Modelos Lineares
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
9005-25-8 (Starch)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170322
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170322
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160911
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27544265
[Au] Autor:Ding Y; Wang W; Liu X; Song X; Wang Y; Ullman JL
[Ad] Endereço:College of Ocean Science and Engineering, Shanghai Maritime University, Shanghai 201306, China; College of Environmental Science and Engineering, State Environmental Protection Engineering Center for Pollution Treatment and Control in Textile Industry, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China.
[Ti] Título:Intensified nitrogen removal of constructed wetland by novel integration of high rate algal pond biotechnology.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;219:757-761, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:High rate algal pond (HRAP) was combined with constructed wetland (CW) to intensify nitrogen removal through optimizing nitrification and denitrification. Nitrification and denitrification process mainly depends on the oxygen content and carbon source level in CWs. Algal biomass was enriched in HRAP, and dissolved oxygen (DO) concentration was increased via photosynthesis. Algal debris increased COD as degradable bioresource. The results showed that HRAP-CW hybrid systems effectively promoted the nitrogen removal performance due to rich DO and COD. The extension of hydraulic retention time in HRAP significantly improved NH4-N and TN removals by 10.9% and 11.1% in hybrid systems, respectively. The highest NH4-N and TN removals in hybrid systems respectively reached 67.2% and 63.5%, which were significantly higher than those in single CW. The study suggested that the hybrid system had the application potentials in nitrogen removal from wastewater.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biotecnologia/métodos
Microcystis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/métodos
Zonas Úmidas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Amônia/metabolismo
Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio
Biomassa
Carbono/metabolismo
Desnitrificação
Nitrificação
Nitrogênio/isolamento & purificação
Fotossíntese
Tanques
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos/instrumentação
Águas Residuais/química
Zingiberales/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Waste Water); 7440-44-0 (Carbon); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170813
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170813
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160822
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 241 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27395548
[Au] Autor:Cock MJ; Congdon TC; Collins SC
[Ad] Endereço:C/o CABI Europe-UK, Bakeham Lane, Egham, TW20 9TY, UK.; Email: mjwcock@btinternet.com.
[Ti] Título:Observations on the biology of Afrotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Part 9. Hesperiinae incertae sedis: Zingiberales feeders, genera of unknown biology and an overview of the Hesperiinae incertae sedis.
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4066(3):201-47, 2016 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Afrotropical genera that have been recorded to feed on Zingiberales are documented. Partial life histories are presented for Erionota torus Evans (a South-East Asian species established in Mauritius), Semalea arela (Mabille), S. pulvina (Plötz), Xanthodisca vibius (Hewitson), X. rega (Mabille), Hypoleucis ophiusa (Hewitson), Caenides dacena (Hewitson), Osmodes adon (Mabille), Gretna cylinda (Hewitson) and Moltena fiara (Butler). Additional notes from the literature are provided on the genera Leona and Rhabdomantis. Notes on natural enemies of E. torus and M. fiara are included. We find that the Zingiberaceae and Costaceae feeding genera, Semalea, Xanthodiscus, Hypoleucis and Caenides (part) are united by a C-shaped raised rim to the prothoracic spiracle of the pupa. The pupa of Osmodes adon indicates this genus may have no close affinities to other Afrotropical genera for which the life history is known. The pupa of G. cylinda is unlike any other that we have documented and may reflect that this is the only species which we have found to be formed on the open leaf under surface rather than in a shelter. The early stages of M. fiara indicate affinities with Zophopetes and related genera. The paper concludes with a brief comparative discussion of the early stages of the Afrotropical Hesperiinae incertae sedis as a whole. There appear to be useful characters to group species by the ova and pupae but less so by the caterpillars. Based on pupae alone, the Hesperiinae incertae sedis might be divided into nine groups.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Mariposas/classificação
Mariposas/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Distribuição Animal
Estruturas Animais/anatomia & histologia
Estruturas Animais/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Animais
Tamanho Corporal
Ecossistema
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Larva/anatomia & histologia
Larva/classificação
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Masculino
Mariposas/anatomia & histologia
Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Tamanho do Órgão
Folhas de Planta/parasitologia
Pupa/anatomia & histologia
Pupa/classificação
Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Zingiberales/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170203
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170203
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160711
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4066.3.1



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