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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.773 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29357851
[Au] Autor:Salem MZM; Elansary HO; Ali HM; El-Settawy AA; Elshikh MS; Abdel-Salam EM; Skalicka-Wozniak K
[Ad] Endereço:Forestry and Wood Technology Department, Faculty of Agriculture (EL-Shatby), Alexandria University, Aflaton St., El-Shatby, P.O. Box 21545, Alexandria, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Bioactivity of essential oils extracted from Cupressus macrocarpa branchlets and Corymbia citriodora leaves grown in Egypt.
[So] Source:BMC Complement Altern Med;18(1):23, 2018 Jan 22.
[Is] ISSN:1472-6882
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Cupressus macrocarpa Hartw and Corymbia citriodora (Hook.) K.D. Hill & L.A.S. Johnson, widely grown in many subtropical areas, are used for commercial purposes, such as in perfumery, cosmetics, and room fresheners. Their potential as a source of antimicrobial compounds may be useful in different applications. METHODS: The chemical composition of essential oils (EOs) from C. macrocarpa branchlets and C. citriodora leaves was analyzed by using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Antibacterial and antifungal activities were assessed by the micro-dilution method to determine the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs), and minimum fungicidal concentrations (MFCs), and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBCs). Further, the antioxidant capacity of the EOs was determined via 2,2'-diphenypicrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ß-carotene-linoleic acid assays. RESULTS: Terpinen-4-ol (23.7%), α-phellandrene (19.2%), α-citronellol (17.3%), and citronellal were the major constituents of EO from C. macrocarpa branchlets, and α-citronellal (56%), α-citronellol (14.7%), citronellol acetate (12.3%), isopulegol, and eucalyptol were the primary constituents of EO from C. citriodora leaves. Antibacterial activity with MIC values of EO from C. citriodora leaves was ranged from 0.06 mg/mL to 0.20 mg/mL, and MBC from 0.12 mg/mL against E. coli to 0.41 mg/mL. EO from C. macrocarpa branchlets showed less activity against bacterial strains. The MIC values against tested fungi of the EO from C. citriodora ranged from 0.11 to 0.52 mg/mL while for EO from C. macrocarpa from 0.29 to 3.21 mg/mL. The MIC and MFC values of EOs against P. funiculosum were lower than those obtained from Ketoconazole (KTZ) (0.20; 0.45; 0.29 and 0.53 mg/mL, respectively, vs 0.21 and 0.41 mg/mL. Antioxidant activity of the EO from C. citriodora was higher than that of the positive control but lower than that of the standard butylhydroxytoluene (BHT) (IC = 5.1 ± 0.1 µg/mL). CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the EO from Egyptian trees such as C. citriodora leaves may possesses strong bactericidal and fungicidal activities and can be used as an agrochemical for controlling plant pathogens and in human disease management which will add crop additive value.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cupressus/química
Myrtaceae/química
Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia
Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antibacterianos/química
Antibacterianos/farmacologia
Antifúngicos/química
Antifúngicos/farmacologia
Antioxidantes/química
Antioxidantes/farmacologia
Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos
Egito
Fungos/efeitos dos fármacos
Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana
Óleos Voláteis/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
Folhas de Planta/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Antifungal Agents); 0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Oils, Volatile); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12906-018-2085-0


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[PMID]:28460131
[Au] Autor:Aspinwall MJ; Vårhammar A; Blackman CJ; Tjoelker MG; Ahrens C; Byrne M; Tissue DT; Rymer PD
[Ad] Endereço:Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Hawkesbury Campus, Locked Bag 1797, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Adaptation and acclimation both influence photosynthetic and respiratory temperature responses in Corymbia calophylla.
[So] Source:Tree Physiol;37(8):1095-1112, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:1758-4469
[Cp] País de publicação:Canada
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Short-term acclimation and long-term adaptation represent two ways in which forest trees can respond to changes in temperature. Yet, the relative contribution of thermal acclimation and adaptation to tree physiological responses to temperature remains poorly understood. Here, we grew two cool-origin and two warm-origin populations of a widespread broad-leaved evergreen tree species (Corymbia calophylla (Lindl.) K.D.Hill & L.A.S.Johnson) from a Mediterranean climate in southwestern Australia under two growth temperatures representative of the cool- and warm-edge of the species distribution. The populations selected from each thermal environment represented both high and low precipitation sites. We measured the short-term temperature response of leaf photosynthesis (A) and dark respiration (R), and attributed observed variation to acclimation, adaptation or the combination of both. We observed limited variation in the temperature optimum (Topt) of A between temperature treatments or among populations, suggesting little plasticity or genetic differentiation in the Topt of A. Yet, other aspects of the temperature response of A and R were dependent upon population and growth temperature. Under cooler growth temperatures, the population from the coolest, wettest environment had the lowest A (at 25 °C) among all four populations, but exhibited the highest A (at 25 °C) under warmer growth temperatures. Populations varied in R (at 20 °C) and the temperature sensitivity of R (i.e., Q10 or activation energy) under cool, but not warm growth temperatures. However, populations showed similar yet lower R (at 20 °C) and no differences in the temperature sensitivity of R under warmer growth temperatures. We conclude that C. calophylla populations from contrasting climates vary in physiological acclimation to temperature, which might influence how this ecologically important tree species and the forests of southwestern Australia respond to climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aclimatação
Adaptação Fisiológica
Myrtaceae/fisiologia
Fotossíntese
Temperatura Ambiente
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Austrália
Mudança Climática
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180122
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180122
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/treephys/tpx047


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[PMID]:29211730
[Au] Autor:Kriebel R; Khabbazian M; Sytsma KJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, United States of America.
[Ti] Título:A continuous morphological approach to study the evolution of pollen in a phylogenetic context: An example with the order Myrtales.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(12):e0187228, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The study of pollen morphology has historically allowed evolutionary biologists to assess phylogenetic relationships among Angiosperms, as well as to better understand the fossil record. During this process, pollen has mainly been studied by discretizing some of its main characteristics such as size, shape, and exine ornamentation. One large plant clade in which pollen has been used this way for phylogenetic inference and character mapping is the order Myrtales, composed by the small families Alzateaceae, Crypteroniaceae, and Penaeaceae (collectively the "CAP clade"), as well as the large families Combretaceae, Lythraceae, Melastomataceae, Myrtaceae, Onagraceae and Vochysiaceae. In this study, we present a novel way to study pollen evolution by using quantitative size and shape variables. We use morphometric and morphospace methods to evaluate pollen change in the order Myrtales using a time-calibrated, supermatrix phylogeny. We then test for conservatism, divergence, and morphological convergence of pollen and for correlation between the latitudinal gradient and pollen size and shape. To obtain an estimate of shape, Myrtales pollen images were extracted from the literature, and their outlines analyzed using elliptic Fourier methods. Shape and size variables were then analyzed in a phylogenetic framework under an Ornstein-Uhlenbeck process to test for shifts in size and shape during the evolutionary history of Myrtales. Few shifts in Myrtales pollen morphology were found which indicates morphological conservatism. Heterocolpate, small pollen is ancestral with largest pollen in Onagraceae. Convergent shifts in shape but not size occurred in Myrtaceae and Onagraceae and are correlated to shifts in latitude and biogeography. A quantitative approach was applied for the first time to examine pollen evolution across a large time scale. Using phylogenetic based morphometrics and an OU process, hypotheses of pollen size and shape were tested across Myrtales. Convergent pollen shifts and position in the latitudinal gradient support the selective role of harmomegathy, the mechanism by which pollen grains accommodate their volume in response to water loss.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Myrtaceae/fisiologia
Filogenia
Pólen
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Myrtaceae/classificação
Myrtaceae/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180110
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180110
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0187228


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[PMID]:28580689
[Au] Autor:Inada KO; Torres AG; Perrone D; Monteiro M
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratório de Alimentos Funcionais, Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:High hydrostatic pressure processing affects the phenolic profile, preserves sensory attributes and ensures microbial quality of jabuticaba (Myrciaria jaboticaba) juice.
[So] Source:J Sci Food Agric;98(1):231-239, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0010
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Jabuticaba (Myrciaria jaboticaba) is a Brazilian fruit rich in phenolic compounds and much appreciated for its sweet and slightly tangy taste. However, the high perishability of this fruit impairs its economic exploitation, creating an opportunity for the development of innovative products, such as high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) processed juices. We investigated the effect of HHP (200, 350 and 500 MPa for 5, 7.5 and 10 min) on phenolic compounds, antioxidant activity and microbiological quality of jabuticaba juice and the effect of the most effective HHP condition on its sensory acceptance. RESULTS: Pressurization increased total phenolic compound content (up to 38%) and antioxidant activity by FRAP assay (up to 46%), probably by increasing phenolic compound extractability due to tissue damage. Pressurization progressively decreased microbial counts, and colony growth was undetectable at pressures of 350 MPa or 500 MPa. With the exception of aroma, which was 10% lower in pressurized juice at 350 MPa for 7.5 min in relation to unprocessed juice, HHP did not affect sensory acceptance scores. CONCLUSION: Our results show that HHP was effective in ensuring microbiological quality, increasing bioactive potential and maintaining overall acceptance of jabuticaba juice, reinforcing the potential application of this processing technology in bioactive-rich foods. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/análise
Frutas/química
Myrtaceae/química
Fenóis/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/genética
Bactérias/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Brasil
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Manipulação de Alimentos/instrumentação
Frutas/microbiologia
Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Pressão Hidrostática
Myrtaceae/microbiologia
Paladar
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phenols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170606
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jsfa.8461


  5 / 440 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28873617
[Au] Autor:Seraglio SKT; Schulz M; Nehring P; Della Betta F; Valese AC; Daguer H; Gonzaga LV; Fett R; Costa ACO
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science and Technology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, 88034-001 Florianopolis, SC, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Nutritional and bioactive potential of Myrtaceae fruits during ripening.
[So] Source:Food Chem;239:649-656, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study aimed to characterize jabuticaba (Myrciaria cauliflora), guabiju (Myrcianthes pungens), and jambolan (Syzygium cumini) in relation to its individual phenolic compounds (LC-ESI-MS/MS), antioxidant capacity, total monomeric anthocyanin, sugars, and minerals during ripening (intermediate and ripe stages). In the three studied fruits, 22 phenolic compounds were quantified, especially phenolic acids and flavonoids, which presented a higher concentration in the intermediate ripening stage. In contrast, the total monomeric anthocyanin, fructose, glucose, Ca, Na values were higher in the ripe stage. In addition, all studied fruits showed expressive antioxidant capacity in both ripening stages: 2569.28 to 5066.35mg AAE 100g DW for DPPH; 13777.52 to 26667.45µmol Fe 100g DW for FRAP; and 957.72 to 2061.35mg GAE 100g DW for Folin-Ciocalteu reducing capacity. Therefore, our results revealed that these fruits represent a supply of high-value nutrient and bioactive components, especially in the ripe stage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Myrtaceae
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antocianinas
Antioxidantes
Frutas
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthocyanins); 0 (Antioxidants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 440 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28981645
[Au] Autor:Chacón-Fuentes M; Parra L; Lizama M; Seguel I; Urzúa A; Quiroz A
[Ad] Endereço:Doctorado en Ciencias de Recursos Naturales, Universidad de La Frontera, Av. Francisco Salazar 01145, Temuco, Chile.
[Ti] Título:Plant Flavonoid Content Modified by Domestication.
[So] Source:Environ Entomol;46(5):1080-1089, 2017 10 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-2936
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Plant domestication can modify and weaken defensive chemical traits, reducing chemical defenses in plants and consequently their resistance against pests. We characterized and quantified the major defensive flavonols and isoflavonoids present in both wild and cultivated murtilla plants (Ugni molinae Turcz), established in a common garden. We examined their effects on the larvae of Chilesia rudis (Butler) (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae). Insect community and diversity indices were also evaluated. We hypothesized that domestication reduces flavonoid contents and modifies C. rudis preference, the insect community, and diversity. Methanolic extracts were obtained from leaves of U. molinae plants and analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. Results showed higher insect numbers (86.48%) and damage index (1.72 ± 0.16) in cultivated plants. Four new first records of insects were found associated with U. molinae. Diversity indices, such as Simpson, Shannon, and Margalef, were higher in cultivated plants than in wild plants. Furthermore, eight isoflavonoids were identified in U. molinae leaves for the first time. The five flavonols showed higher concentrations in wild U. molinae leaves (89.8 µg/g) than in cultivated plants (75.2 µg/g); however, no differences were found in isoflavonoids between wild and cultivated plants. The larvae of C. rudis consumed more leaf material of cultivated plants than wild plants in choice (3.8 vs. 0.8 mm2) and no-choice (7.5 vs. 3.0 mm2) assays. Our study demonstrates that domestication in U. molinae reduces the amount of flavonoids in leaves, increasing the preference of C. rudis and the insect community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Domesticação
Flavonoides/análise
Herbivoria
Insetos
Myrtaceae/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biodiversidade
Larva
Mariposas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Flavonoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171126
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171126
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171006
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/ee/nvx126


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[PMID]:28753309
[Au] Autor:Hou JQ; Guo C; Zhao JJ; Dong YY; Hu XL; He QW; Zhang BB; Yan M; Wang H
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines, Department of Natural Medicinal Chemistry, and ‡Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Drug Screening, China Pharmaceutical University , Nanjing 210009, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Anti-inflammatory Meroterpenoids from Baeckea frutescens.
[So] Source:J Nat Prod;80(8):2204-2214, 2017 Aug 25.
[Is] ISSN:1520-6025
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Frutescones H-R (1-11), new sesqui- or monoterpene-based meroterpenoids, were isolated from the aerial parts of Baeckea frutescens. Their structures and absolute configurations were established by means of spectroscopic analyses (HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR, and ECD), as well as single-crystal X-ray crystallography of 1, (-)-7, and 9. The anti-inflammatory activities of all isolates were evaluated by measuring their inhibitory effects on NO production in LPS-stimulated RAW 264.7 macrophages, and the structure-activity relationships of 1-11 are also discussed. Compound 8 exhibited anti-inflammatory activity with an IC value of 0.36 µM, which might be related to the regulation of the NF-κB signaling pathway via the suppression of p65 nuclear translocation and the consequent decrease of IL-6 and TNF-α.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia
Interleucina-6/metabolismo
Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia
Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos
Myrtaceae/química
NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores
Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química
Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
Terpenos/farmacologia
Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anti-Inflamatórios/química
Cristalografia por Raios X
Interleucina-6/química
Lipopolissacarídeos/química
Macrófagos/química
Estrutura Molecular
NF-kappa B/química
Relação Estrutura-Atividade
Terpenos/química
Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Inflammatory Agents); 0 (Interleukin-6); 0 (Lipopolysaccharides); 0 (NF-kappa B); 0 (Terpenes); 0 (Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha); 0 (frutescone)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170729
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jnatprod.7b00042


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[PMID]:28658316
[Au] Autor:Smíd J; Kalousová M; Mandák B; Houska J; Chládová A; Pinedo M; Lojka B
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Kamýcká 129, Prague, Czech Republic.
[Ti] Título:Morphological and genetic diversity of camu-camu [Myrciaria dubia (Kunth) McVaugh] in the Peruvian Amazon.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0179886, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Camu-camu [Myrciaria dubia (Kunth) McVaugh] is currently an important and promising fruit species grown in the Peruvian Amazon, as well as in Brazil, Colombia, and Bolivia. The species is valued for its high content of fruit-based vitamin C. Large plantations have been established only in the last two decades, and a substantial part of the production is still obtained by collecting fruits from the wild. Domestication of the species is at an early stage; most farmers cultivate the plants without any breeding, or only through a simple mass selection process. The main objective of the study was to characterize morphological and genetic variation within and among cultivated and natural populations of camu-camu in the Peruvian Amazon. In total, we sampled 13 populations: ten wild in the Iquitos region, and three cultivated in the Pucallpa region in the Peruvian Amazon. To assess the genetic diversity using seven microsatellite loci, we analyzed samples from ten individual trees per each population (n = 126). Morphological data was collected from five trees from each population (n = 65). The analysis did not reveal statistically significant differences for most of the morphological descriptors. For wild and cultivated populations, the observed heterozygosity was 0.347 and 0.404 (expected 0.516 and 0.506), and the fixation index was 0.328 and 0.200, respectively. Wild populations could be divided into two groups according to the UPGMA and STRUCTURE analysis. In cultivated populations, their approximate origin was determined. Our findings indicate a high genetic diversity among the populations, but also a high degree of inbreeding within the populations. This can be explained by either the isolation of these populations from each other or the low number of individuals in some populations. This high level of genetic diversity can be explored for the selection of superior individuals for further breeding.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Myrtaceae/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: DNA de Plantas/genética
Frutas/anatomia & histologia
Frutas/genética
Variação Genética/genética
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Myrtaceae/anatomia & histologia
Peru
Árvores/anatomia & histologia
Árvores/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170629
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0179886


  9 / 440 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28634257
[Au] Autor:Tarran M; Wilson PG; Macphail MK; Jordan GJ; Hill RS
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia myall.tarran@adelaide.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Two fossil species of (Myrtaceae) from the Oligo-Miocene Golden Fleece locality in Tasmania, Australia.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;104(6):891-904, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The capsular-fruited genus (Myrtaceae) is one of the most widely distributed flowering plant genera in the Pacific but is extinct in Australia today. The center of geographic origin for the genus and the reason for and timing of its extinction in Australia remain uncertain. We identify fossil fruits from the newly discovered Golden Fleece fossil flora in the Oligo-Miocene of Tasmania, Australia, shedding further light on these problems. METHODS: Standard paleopalynological techniques were used to date the fossil-bearing sediments. Scanning electron microscopy and an auto-montage camera system were used to take high-resolution images of fossil and extant fruits taken from herbarium specimens. Fossils are identified using a nearest-living-relative approach. KEY RESULTS: The fossil-bearing sediments are palynostratigraphically dated as being Zone Equivalent (ca. 33-16 Ma) in age and provide a confident Oligo-Miocene age for the macrofossils. Two new fossil species of are described and are here named sp. nov. and sp. nov. CONCLUSIONS: These newly described fossil species of provide a second record of the genus in the Cenozoic of Australia, placing them in the late Early Oligocene to late Early Miocene. It is now apparent not only that was present in Australia, where the genus is now extinct, but that at least several species were present during the Cenozoic. These fossils further strengthen the case for an Australian origin of the genus.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Myrtaceae/classificação
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fósseis
Frutas
Tasmânia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170622
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1700095


  10 / 440 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28610004
[Au] Autor:Mills PJ; Gullan PJ; Cook LG
[Ad] Endereço:The University of Queensland, School of Biological Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.. penelope.mills@uqconnect.edu.au.
[Ti] Título:Nomenclatural changes in the Australasian gall-inducing genus Apiomorpha Rübsaamen (Hemiptera: Coccomorpha: Eriococcidae).
[So] Source:Zootaxa;4250(5):484-488, 2017 Apr 07.
[Is] ISSN:1175-5334
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Apiomorpha Rübsaamen, 1894 was erected as a replacement name for Brachyscelis Schrader, 1863 that was preoccupied in the Coleoptera (Chrysomelidae: Brachyscelis Germar, 1834). Apiomorpha is a genus of eriococcid scale insects that induce galls on Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae) in Australia and New Guinea (Szent-Ivany & Womersley 1962; Gullan 1984; Gullan et al. 2005). In his original description of the genus, Schrader (1863a) included six species, of which B. citricola Schrader was subsequently recognised as a nomen nudum (Froggatt 1921). Among the other five, B. pileata Schrader was later designated as the type species of Apiomorpha by Lindinger (1937). Also amongst these five was B. ovicola Schrader, for which Schrader described and illustrated galls of males and females on twigs and leaves of Eucalyptus haemastoma (Schrader 1863a, plate II, figs a, e) in or near Sydney, New South Wales (NSW). He stated that his species names reflected the shape of the galls of adult females; hence those of B. ovicola can be interpreted as being egg-shaped and were illustrated as such by Schrader (1863a). Galls of males of B. ovicola he described and illustrated as trumpet-shaped.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Hemípteros
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Austrália
Feminino
Masculino
Myrtaceae
Nova Guiné
New South Wales
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170809
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170809
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.11646/zootaxa.4250.5.6



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