Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.786.222 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 46 [refinar]
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[PMID]:28410019
[Au] Autor:Briscoe Runquist RD; Geber MA; Pickett-Leonard M; Moeller DA
[Ti] Título:Mating System Evolution under Strong Pollen Limitation: Evidence of Disruptive Selection through Male and Female Fitness in Clarkia xantiana.
[So] Source:Am Nat;189(5):549-563, 2017 May.
[Is] ISSN:1537-5323
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Selection on floral traits in hermaphroditic plants is determined by both male and female reproductive success. However, predictions regarding floral trait and mating system evolution are often based solely on female fitness. Selection via male fitness has the potential to affect the outcomes of floral evolution. In this study, we used paternity analysis to assess individual selfing rates and selection on floral traits via male and female fitness in an experimental population of Clarkia xantiana where pollen limitation of seed set was strong. We detected selection through both female and male fitness with reinforcing or noninterfering patterns of selection through the two sex functions. For female fitness, selection favored reduced herkogamy and protandry, traits that promote increased autonomous selfing. For male fitness, selection on petal area was disruptive, with higher trait values conferring greater pollinator attraction and outcross siring success and smaller trait values leading to higher selfed siring success. Combining both female and male fitness, selection on petal area and protandry was disruptive because intermediate phenotypes were less successful as both males and females. Finally, functional relationships among male and female fertility components indicated that selfing resulted in seed discounting and pollen discounting. Under these functional relationships, the evolutionarily stable selfing rate can be intermediate or predominantly selfing or outcrossing, depending on the segregating load of deleterious mutations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clarkia/genética
Aptidão Genética
Polinização
Seleção Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Flores/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170503
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170503
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170415
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1086/691192


  2 / 46 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28202454
[Au] Autor:Ha MK; Ivey CT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology and Ecology, Yuba College, 2088 North Beale Road, Marysville, California 95946, USA mha@yccd.edu.
[Ti] Título:Pollinator-mediated interactions in experimental arrays vary with neighbor identity.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;104(2):252-260, 2017 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Local ecological conditions influence the impact of species interactions on evolution and community structure. We investigated whether pollinator-mediated interactions between coflowering plants vary with plant density, coflowering neighbor identity, and flowering season. METHODS: We conducted a field experiment in which flowering time and floral neighborhood were manipulated in a factorial design. Early- and late-flowering plants were placed into arrays with neighbors, noncongeneric neighbors, additional conspecific plants, or no additional plants as a density control. We compared whole-plant pollen limitation of seed set, pollinator behavior, and pollen deposition among treatments. KEY RESULTS: Interactions mediated by shared pollinators depended on the identity of the neighbor and possibly changed through time, although flowering-season comparisons were compromised by low early-season plant survival. Interactions with conspecific neighbors were likely competitive late in the season. Interactions with appeared to involve facilitation or neutral interactions. Interactions with noncongeners were more consistently competitive. The community composition of pollinators varied among treatment combinations. CONCLUSIONS: Pollinator-mediated interactions involved competition and likely facilitation, depending on coflowering neighbor. Experimental manipulation helped to reveal context-dependent variation in indirect biotic interactions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Abelhas/fisiologia
Clarkia/parasitologia
Himenópteros/fisiologia
Polinização/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Clarkia/classificação
Clarkia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Ecossistema
Erysimum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Erysimum/parasitologia
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Flores/parasitologia
Pólen/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Pólen/parasitologia
Densidade Demográfica
Raphanus/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Raphanus/parasitologia
Reprodução/fisiologia
Estações do Ano
Especificidade da Espécie
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1600293


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[PMID]:26933011
[Au] Autor:Mazer SJ; Moghaddasi A; Bello AK; Hove AA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93105 USA mazer@lifesci.ucsb.edu.
[Ti] Título:Winning in style: Longer styles receive more pollen, but style length does not affect pollen attrition in wild Clarkia populations.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;103(3):408-22, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: One proposed function of long styles is to intensify selection among male gametophytes relative to short styles. If so, given sufficient competition, longer styles will have higher rates of pollen tube attrition (failure to reach the style base) within the style than shorter ones. Alternatively, style length may influence pollen receipt, which itself may affect attrition rates. METHODS: We tested these predictions by collecting senescing styles from wild populations of two insect-pollinated Clarkia species. We examined the number of pollen grains adhering to the stigma, length of styles, and rates of attrition from the stigma surface to the stigma-style junction (SSJ), from the SSJ to the style base, and from the stigma surface to the style base. Multivariate analyses estimated the independent effects of pollen grains per stigma, the number of pollen tubes at the SSJ, and style length on attrition. KEY RESULTS: Style length was generally positively correlated with pollen receipt, and the number of pollen grains per stigma was positively correlated with all three attrition rates. In neither species was any attrition rate affected by style length independent of the number of pollen grains per stigma. CONCLUSIONS: Pollen attrition was mediated by style length, but the function of style length was primarily to increase the number of germinating pollen grains, which affected attrition rates either through stigma clogging or pollen-pollen interactions. Style length may have a direct effect on pollen receipt due to the stigma's position relative to pollinator body parts, but traits correlated with style length may also directly affect pollen receipt.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clarkia/anatomia & histologia
Clarkia/fisiologia
Flores/anatomia & histologia
Flores/fisiologia
Pólen/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Germinação
Modelos Lineares
Análise Multivariada
Fenótipo
Tubo Polínico/fisiologia
Tamanho da Amostra
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1612
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160303
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1500192


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[PMID]:26744480
[Au] Autor:Schneider HE; Mazer SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, California 93106 USA heather.schneider@lifesci.ucsb.edu.
[Ti] Título:Geographic variation in climate as a proxy for climate change: Forecasting evolutionary trajectories from species differentiation and genetic correlations.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;103(1):140-52, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Climate change models for California predict a warmer, drier future, potentially resulting in shorter growing seasons. If phenotypic differences between closely related species currently distributed across a moisture and temperature gradient represent adaptations to their abiotic environment, then as conditions become warmer and drier, populations presently adapted to cooler and wetter conditions may evolve to become more similar to those adapted to warmer and drier conditions. Two sister species, Clarkia unguiculata and C. exilis, are distributed across a moisture and temperature gradient in the southern Sierra Nevada, providing an opportunity to predict how this process may occur. METHODS: In a greenhouse experiment using wild-collected seeds from 11 populations in the southern Sierra Nevada, we examined relationships among elevation, climatic conditions, and population means for each trait, then evaluated bivariate relationships among maternal family means, using raw values and controlling for population and seed mass effects on phenotype. KEY RESULTS: Clarkia exilis occupied warmer, drier conditions, typically at lower elevations, than C. unguiculata did and flowered earlier and faster, producing smaller flowers with lower herkogamy. In C. unguiculata, petal area, herkogamy, and the rate of flower production were positively correlated with days to first flower. CONCLUSIONS: If selection favors earlier flowering, smaller petals, or faster flower production in C. unguiculata, then the genetic correlations among these traits should reinforce their joint evolution. Moreover, the correlations between these traits and herkogamy may promote the evolution of self-fertilization as an indirect response to selection, a previously unrecognized potential outcome of climate change.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Clarkia/genética
Mudança Climática
Fenótipo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Clima
Polinização
Autofertilização
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160109
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1500108


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[PMID]:26643885
[Au] Autor:Pettengill JB; Briscoe Runquist RD; Moeller DA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plant Biology, 1445 Gortner Avenue, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota 55108 USA moeller@umn.edu.
[Ti] Título:Mating system divergence affects the distribution of sequence diversity within and among populations of recently diverged subspecies of Clarkia xantiana (Onagraceae).
[So] Source:Am J Bot;103(1):99-109, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: The population biology of outcrossing and self-fertilizing taxa is thought to differ because of the advantage that selfers have in colonizing unoccupied sites where mates and pollinators may be limiting (Baker's Law). This reduced tendency for outcrossers to colonize new sites, along with their greater dependence on pollinators to disperse pollen, has the potential to differently influence the genetic diversity and structure of outcrossing and selfing populations. METHODS: We conducted a comparative population genetic study of two sister outcrossing and selfing subspecies of Clarkia xantiana that have very recently diverged. We used DNA sequence variation (>40 kb from eight nuclear loci) from large samples of individuals from 14 populations to assess geographic patterns of genetic diversity and make inferences about the demographic and colonization histories of each subspecies. KEY RESULTS: We show that sequence variation is strongly reduced across all selfing populations. The demographic history of selfing populations exhibits recent colonization bottlenecks, whereas such bottlenecks are rarely observed for the outcrosser. The greater effect of genetic drift in the selfer has resulted in strong population genetic structure, but with no pattern of isolation by distance. By contrast, the stronger effect of gene flow in the outcrosser has resulted in considerably less structure, but a significant pattern of isolation by distance. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our results suggest that selfing populations are not at migration-drift equilibrium, are affected by strong episodes of genetic drift during colonization, and experience little or no subsequent gene flow from other populations after those founder events.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clarkia/genética
Variação Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Clarkia/fisiologia
DNA de Plantas
Reprodução
Autofertilização
Análise de Sequência de DNA
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1500147


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[PMID]:26362193
[Au] Autor:Bontrager M; Angert AL
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Botany, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z4, Canada bontrag@biodiveristy.ubc.ca.
[Ti] Título:Effects of range-wide variation in climate and isolation on floral traits and reproductive output of Clarkia pulchella.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;103(1):10-21, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Plant mating systems and geographic range limits are conceptually linked by shared underlying drivers, including landscape-level heterogeneity in climate and in species' abundance. Studies of how geography and climate interact to affect plant traits that influence mating system and population dynamics can lend insight to ecological and evolutionary processes shaping ranges. Here, we examined how spatiotemporal variation in climate affects reproductive output of a mixed-mating annual, Clarkia pulchella. We also tested the effects of population isolation and climate on mating-system-related floral traits across the range. METHODS: We measured reproductive output and floral traits on herbarium specimens collected across the range of C. pulchella. We extracted climate data associated with specimens and derived a population isolation metric from a species distribution model. We then examined how predictors of reproductive output and floral traits vary among populations of increasing distance from the range center. Finally, we tested whether reproductive output and floral traits vary with increasing distance from the center of the range. KEY RESULTS: Reproductive output decreased as summer precipitation decreased, and low precipitation may contribute to limiting the southern and western range edges of C. pulchella. High spring and summer temperatures are correlated with low herkogamy, but these climatic factors show contrasting spatial patterns in different quadrants of the range. CONCLUSIONS: Limiting factors differ among different parts of the range. Due to the partial decoupling of geography and environment, examining relationships between climate, reproductive output, and mating-system-related floral traits reveals spatial patterns that might be missed when focusing solely on geographic position.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clarkia/fisiologia
Clima
Dispersão Vegetal
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Colúmbia Britânica
Clarkia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Flores/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Noroeste dos Estados Unidos
Reprodução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150913
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1500091


  7 / 46 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:26257193
[Au] Autor:Anderson JT; Eckhart VM; Geber MA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Genetics, University of Georgia, Athens, Georgia, 30602.
[Ti] Título:Experimental studies of adaptation in Clarkia xantiana. III. Phenotypic selection across a subspecies border.
[So] Source:Evolution;69(9):2249-61, 2015 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1558-5646
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Sister taxa with distinct phenotypes often occupy contrasting environments in parapatric ranges, yet we generally do not know whether trait divergence reflects spatially varying selection. We conducted a reciprocal transplant experiment to test whether selection favors "native phenotypes" in two subspecies of Clarkia xantiana (Onagraceae), an annual plant in California. For four quantitative traits that differ between subspecies, we estimated phenotypic selection in subspecies' exclusive ranges and their contact zone in two consecutive years. We predicted that in the arid, pollinator-scarce eastern region, selection favors phenotypes of the native subspecies parviflora: small leaves, slow leaf growth, early flowering, and diminutive flowers. In the wetter, pollinator-rich, western range of subspecies xantiana, we expected selection for opposite phenotypes. We investigated pollinator contributions to selection by comparing naturally pollinated and pollen-supplemented individuals. For reproductive traits and for subspecies xantiana, selection generally matched expectations. The contact zone sometimes showed distinctive selection, and in ssp. parviflora selection sometimes favored nonnative phenotypes. Pollinators influenced selection on flowering time but not on flower size. Little temporal variation in selection occurred, possibly because of plastic trait responses across years. Though there were exceptions and some causes of selection remain obscure, phenotypic differentiation between subspecies appears to reflect spatially variable selection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Biológica
Clarkia/fisiologia
Polinização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: California
Clarkia/anatomia & histologia
Clima
Ecossistema
Fenótipo
Reprodução/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1608
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150916
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150916
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150811
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/evo.12745


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[PMID]:26101420
[Au] Autor:Dudley LS; Hove AA; Emms SK; Verhoeven AS; Mazer SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Warren Wilson College, P.O. Box 9000, Asheville, North Carolina 28815 USA.
[Ti] Título:Seasonal changes in physiological performance in wild Clarkia xantiana populations: Implications for the evolution of a compressed life cycle and self-fertilization.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;102(6):962-72, 2015 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: One explanation for the evolution of selfing, the drought escape hypothesis, proposes that self-fertilization may evolve under conditions of intensifying seasonal drought as part of a suite of traits that enable plants to accelerate the completion of their life cycle, thereby escaping late-season drought. Here, we test two fundamental assumptions of this hypothesis in Clarkia xantiana: (1) that a seasonal decline in precipitation causes an increase in drought stress and (2) that this results in changes in physiological performance, reflecting these deteriorating conditions. METHODS: We examined seasonal and interannual variation in abiotic environmental conditions (estimated by ambient temperature, relative humidity, predawn leaf water potentials, and carbon isotope ratios) and physiological traits (photosynthesis, conductance, transpiration, instantaneous water-use efficiency, ascorbate peroxidase and glutathione reductase activities, quantum yield of photosystem II, PSII potential efficiency) in field populations of C. xantiana in 2009 and 2010. KEY RESULTS: In both years, plants experienced intensifying drought across the growing season. Gas exchange rates decreased over the growing season and were lower in 2009 (a relatively dry year) than in 2010, suggesting that the temporal changes from early to late spring were directly linked to the deteriorating environmental conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal declines in transpiration rate may have increased survival by protecting plants from desiccation. Concomitant declines in photosynthetic rate likely reduced the availability of resources for seed production late in the season. Thus, the physiological patterns observed are consistent with the conditions required for the drought escape hypothesis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Biológica
Clarkia/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Clarkia/fisiologia
Estações do Ano
Autofertilização
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Análise de Variância
Antioxidantes/metabolismo
California
Clorofila/metabolismo
Clarkia/anatomia & histologia
Meio Ambiente
Fluorescência
Gases/metabolismo
Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados
Análise de Componente Principal
Chuvas
Temperatura Ambiente
Água
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Gases); 059QF0KO0R (Water); 1406-65-1 (Chlorophyll)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1603
[Cu] Atualização por classe:150623
[Lr] Data última revisão:
150623
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:150624
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1400557


  9 / 46 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25366195
[Au] Autor:Austen EJ; Forrest JR; Weis AE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Within-plant variation in reproductive investment: consequences for selection on flowering time.
[So] Source:J Evol Biol;28(1):65-79, 2015 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1420-9101
[Cp] País de publicação:Switzerland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Variation among the leaves, flowers or fruit produced by a plant is often regarded as a nuisance to the experimenter and an impediment to selection. Here, we suggest that within-plant variation can drive selection on other plant-level traits. We examine within-plant variation in floral sex allocation and in fruit set and predict that such variation generates variation in male success among plants, thereby driving selection on flowering time. We tested this prediction in a simulation model estimating selection on flowering time through male fitness when floral sex allocation and/or fruit set vary directionally among flowers on plants. We parameterized the model through a quantitative literature survey of within-plant change in sex allocation. As predicted, within-plant variation in floral sex allocation and in fruit set probability can generate selection on flowering time through male fitness. Declining fruit set from first to last flowers on plants, as occurs in many species, selected for early flowering onset through male fitness. This result was robust to self-incompatibility and to varying returns on male versus female investment. Selection caused by declining fruit set was strong enough to reverse the selection for late flowering that can be caused by intrafloral protandry. Our model provides testable predictions regarding selection on flowering time through male fitness. The model also establishes the intriguing possibility that within-plant variation may influence selection on other traits, regardless of whether that variation is under selection itself.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Flores/fisiologia
Modelos Biológicos
Fenômenos Fisiológicos Vegetais
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Clarkia/fisiologia
Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Aptidão Genética
Variação Genética
Óvulo Vegetal
Pólen
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1510
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161125
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161125
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:141105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/jeb.12538


  10 / 46 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:25248703
[Au] Autor:Pham le TM; Kim YH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemical Engineering, Kwangwoon University, 447-1, Wolgye-Dong, Nowon-Gu, Seoul 139-701, Republic of Korea.
[Ti] Título:Accelerated degradation of lignin by lignin peroxidase isozyme H8 (LiPH8) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium with engineered 4-O-methyltransferase from Clarkia breweri.
[So] Source:Enzyme Microb Technol;66:74-9, 2014 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0909
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Free-hydroxyl phenolic units can decrease or even abort the catalytic activity of lignin peroxidase H8 during oxidation of veratryl alcohol and model lignin dimers, resulting in slow and inefficient lignin degradation. In this study we applied engineered 4-O-methyltransferase from Clarkia breweri to detoxify the inhibiting free-hydroxyl phenolic groups by converting them to methylated phenolic groups. The multistep, enzyme-catalyzed process that combines 4-O-methyltransferase and lignin peroxidase H8 suggested in this work can increase the efficiency of lignin-degradation. This study also suggests approaching the field of multi-enzyme in vitro systems to improve the understanding and development of plant biomass in biorefinery operations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clarkia/enzimologia
Lignina/metabolismo
Metiltransferases/metabolismo
Peroxidases/metabolismo
Phanerochaete/enzimologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Álcoois Benzílicos/metabolismo
Biodegradação Ambiental
Biomassa
Clarkia/genética
Proteínas Fúngicas/genética
Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo
Isoenzimas/genética
Isoenzimas/metabolismo
Metiltransferases/genética
Peroxidases/genética
Phanerochaete/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Engenharia de Proteínas
Proteínas Recombinantes/genética
Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Benzyl Alcohols); 0 (Fungal Proteins); 0 (Isoenzymes); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Recombinant Proteins); 9005-53-2 (Lignin); EC 1.11.1.- (Peroxidases); EC 1.11.1.- (lignin peroxidase); EC 2.1.1.- (Methyltransferases); EC 2.1.1.- (isoeugenol-O-methyltransferase); MB4T4A711H (veratryl alcohol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1506
[Cu] Atualização por classe:140924
[Lr] Data última revisão:
140924
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:140925
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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