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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.822.060 [Categoria DeCS]
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  1 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29298067
[Au] Autor:Thomas M; Kim S; Guo W; Collins FW; Wise ML; Meydani M
[Ad] Endereço:Vascular Biology Laboratory, Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University , 711 Washington Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, United States.
[Ti] Título:High Levels of Avenanthramides in Oat-Based Diet Further Suppress High Fat Diet-Induced Atherosclerosis in Ldlr Mice.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;66(2):498-504, 2018 Jan 17.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Oats, in addition to cholesterol-lowering properties, contain unique antioxidants called avenanthramides (Avns), which inhibit both inflammatory cytokines and adhesion molecules in endothelial cells in culture. This study evaluated the effects of Avns of oats on atherosclerosis in Ldlr mice, one of the most commonly used atherosclerosis mouse models with their similar cholesterol distributions to humans. The Ldlr mice were fed a low fat, high fat, high fat containing regular oat brans with low levels of Avns (HFLA), or high fat containing regular oat brans with high levels of Avns (HFHA) diet. After 16 weeks of intervention, blood cholesterol and extent of aortic lesions were evaluated. We found that both oat-based diets reduced high fat diet-induced atheroma lesions in the aortic valve (p < 0.01). Furthermore, the effects of oat-based diets are more profound in HFHA mice than mice fed HFLA. Total plasma cholesterol levels were similarly reduced in both oat-supplemented mice. We concluded that oat bran diets reduce atheroma lesions and higher levels of Avns further reduce aortic lesions compared to regular oat bran. These preliminary in vivo data indicate that consumption of oats bran, with high Avns, has demonstrable beneficial effects on prevention of cardiovascular disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aterosclerose/dietoterapia
Avena/metabolismo
Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo
Receptores de LDL/deficiência
ortoaminobenzoatos/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Aterosclerose/etiologia
Aterosclerose/metabolismo
Avena/química
Colesterol/metabolismo
Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos
Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo
Suplementos Nutricionais/análise
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Camundongos
Extratos Vegetais/análise
Receptores de LDL/genética
ortoaminobenzoatos/análise
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Plant Extracts); 0 (Receptors, LDL); 0 (avenanthramide-2C); 0 (ortho-Aminobenzoates); 97C5T2UQ7J (Cholesterol)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180104
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04860


  2 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28573795
[Au] Autor:Abelilla JJ; Liu Y; Stein HH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Animal Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL 61801, USA.
[Ti] Título:Digestible indispensable amino acid score (DIAAS) and protein digestibility corrected amino acid score (PDCAAS) in oat protein concentrate measured in 20- to 30-kilogram pigs.
[So] Source:J Sci Food Agric;98(1):410-414, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1097-0010
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Oat protein concentrate is often used in human food, but the quality of this protein has not been characterized. Therefore, the objectives of this experiment were to determine the standardized ileal digestibility (SID) of crude protein (CP) and amino acids (AA) in oat protein concentrate and to determine differences in protein quality estimates between the protein digestibility-corrected AA score (PDCAAS) and the digestible indispensable AA score (DIAAS) when using growing pigs for both measurements. RESULTS: For infants, the most limiting AA in oat protein concentrate was the aromatic AA (Phe + Tyr), for which the DIAAS value was 41 and the PDCAAS was 43. For children (6 months to 3 years) and children older than 3 years, the most limiting AA in oat protein concentrate was Lys, for which the DIAAS was 56 and 67 and the PDCAAS was 58 and 69, respectively. CONCLUSION: The DIAAS value for oat protein concentrate was close to the calculated value for PDCAAS, but below the recommended intake for protein. Therefore, to satisfy the daily human AA requirement, oat protein needs to be complemented by other proteins of higher quality and specifically with greater lysine concentrations. © 2017 Society of Chemical Industry.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aminoácidos Essenciais/metabolismo
Aminoácidos/metabolismo
Ração Animal/análise
Avena/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Suínos/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aminoácidos/análise
Aminoácidos Essenciais/análise
Animais
Avena/química
Digestão
Proteínas de Plantas/análise
Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Amino Acids); 0 (Amino Acids, Essential); 0 (Plant Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170603
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/jsfa.8457


  3 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28946288
[Au] Autor:Chen Y; Fritz RD; Kock L; Garg D; Davis RM; Kasturi P
[Ad] Endereço:PepsiCo, Inc. Global R&D Measurement Sciences, 617 W. Main Street, Barrington, IL 60010, USA.
[Ti] Título:A stepwise, 'test-all-positives' methodology to assess gluten-kernel contamination at the serving-size level in gluten-free (GF) oat production.
[So] Source:Food Chem;240:391-395, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A step-wise, 'test-all-positive-gluten' analytical methodology has been developed and verified to assess kernel-based gluten contamination (i.e., wheat, barley and rye kernels) during gluten-free (GF) oat production. It targets GF claim compliance at the serving-size level (of a pouch or approximately 40-50g). Oat groats are collected from GF oat production following a robust attribute-based sampling plan then split into 75-g subsamples, and ground. R-Biopharm R5 sandwich ELISA R7001 is used for analysis of all the first15-g portions of the ground sample. A >20-ppm result disqualifies the production lot, while a >5 to <20-ppm result triggers complete analysis of the remaining 60-g of ground sample, analyzed in 15-g portions. If all five 15-g test results are <20ppm, and their average is <10.67ppm (since a 20-ppm contaminant in 40g of oats would dilute to 10.67ppm in 75-g), the lot is passed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena
Glutens/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Celíaca
Dieta Livre de Glúten
Hordeum
Triticum
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
8002-80-0 (Glutens)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28873568
[Au] Autor:Chen C; Wang L; Wang R; Luo X; Li Y; Li J; Li Y; Chen Z
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; National Engineering Laboratory for Cereal Fermentation Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; School of Food Science and Technology, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China; Collaborative Inn
[Ti] Título:Phenolic contents, cellular antioxidant activity and antiproliferative capacity of different varieties of oats.
[So] Source:Food Chem;239:260-267, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The objectives of this research were to determine the phenolic contents, oxygen radical absorbance capacities (ORAC), cellular antioxidant activities (CAA), and antiproliferative capacities of nine oat varieties and four brans in China. Of all varieties, Longyan 3 and Beiyan 1 exhibited the highest total avenanthramides (146.94±7.31 and 120.95±6.66µg/g, respectively) and ORAC values (21.03±0.56 and 21.18±1.45µM Trolox/g, respectively), while Shaotong exhibited the highest total phenolic acids (143.52±9.42µg/g) and CAA values (33.38±1.74µM quercetin/100g). The EC of antiproliferative capacities ranged from 167.31±6.42 to 233.42±21.31mg/mL, with the lowest in Beixiao 8 while the highest in Jinyan 8. ORAC values correlated with avenanthramides while CAA values correlated with phenolic acids. Moreover, phenolic contents, antioxidant properties, and antiproliferative capacities of oat brans was higher than that of corresponding whole oats in most cases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes
Proliferação Celular
Seres Humanos
Fenóis
Extratos Vegetais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Phenols); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28950193
[Au] Autor:Tessema EN; Gebre-Mariam T; Lange S; Dobner B; Neubert RHH
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Biopharmaceutics, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Wolfgang-Langenbeck Str. 4, D-06120 Halle, Saale, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Potential application of oat-derived ceramides in improving skin barrier function: Part 1. Isolation and structural characterization.
[So] Source:J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci;1065-1066:87-95, 2017 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:1873-376X
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The impaired epidermal barrier and skin dryness in chronic skin conditions such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and aged skin are associated with the depletion of ceramides (CERs) in the stratum corneum. Previously, the beneficial effects of phyto-CERs, mainly from wheat and rice, in replenishing the depleted epidermal CERs and restoring the skin barrier have been shown. However, very few efforts have been made to exploit CERs from other plants for dermal applications. In an attempt to explore alternative plant source of CERs, glucosylceramides (GlcCERs) were isolated from the lipid extract of Ethiopian oat grain (Avena abyssinica). The GlcCER species were separated on a reversed phase HPLC and the structure of individual GlcCERs were identified by tandem MS with atmospheric pressure chemical ionization interface. The glycosidic linkage of the GlcCERs was cleaved by acid treatment and the predominant CERs species were isolated using column chromatography and preparative LC-MS. Further structural characterization of the CERs was made by HR/ESI-MS and NMR analyses. All the detected oat-derived GlcCER species consisted of C18 dihydroxy sphingoid bases amide-linked with α-hydroxylated saturated fatty acids (C16-C24). The two predominant GlcCER species consisted of sphingenine (d18:1) amide-linked to hydroxypalmitic acid (h16:0) and hydroxyarachidic acid (h20:0). The molecular formulae of the two major CERs assigned by HR/ESI-MS were identical to the ones identified by LC/APCI-MS/MS. The structural information was also supported by H, C, H COSY NMR and HMBC spectral analyses. The amount of GlcCERs in oat grain, quantified by HPTLC, was found to be 193.5mg/kg. The results indicated the similarity of oat CERs with commercial plant CERs (with comparable GlcCER content) suggesting its potential as source of CERs for oral (as dietary supplements) as well as topical applications.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena/química
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos
Glucosilceramidas/análise
Glucosilceramidas/química
Extratos Vegetais/química
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Administração Tópica
Fármacos Dermatológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dermatologic Agents); 0 (Glucosylceramides); 0 (Plant Extracts)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171030
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171030
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28853627
[Au] Autor:Lee HJ; Dahal S; Perez EG; Kowalski RJ; Ganjyal GM; Ryu D
[Ad] Endereço:1 School of Food Science, University of Idaho, 875 Perimeter Drive, MS 2312, Moscow, Idaho 83844-2312.
[Ti] Título:Reduction of Ochratoxin A in Oat Flakes by Twin-Screw Extrusion Processing.
[So] Source:J Food Prot;80(10):1628-1634, 2017 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:1944-9097
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Ochratoxin A (OTA) is one of the most important mycotoxins owing to its widespread occurrence and toxicity, including nephrotoxicity and potential carcinogenicity to humans. OTA has been detected in a wide range of agricultural commodities, including cereal grains and their processed products. In particular, oat-based products show a higher incidence and level of contamination. Extrusion cooking is widely used in the manufacturing of breakfast cereals and snacks and may reduce mycotoxins to varying degrees. Hence, the effects of extrusion cooking on the stability of OTA in spiked (100 µg/kg) oat flake was investigated by using a laboratory-scale twin-screw extruder with a central composite design. Factors examined were moisture content (20, 25, and 30% dry weight basis), temperature (140, 160, and 180°C), screw speed (150, 200, and 250 rpm), and die size (1.5, 2, and 3 mm). Both nonextruded and extruded samples were analyzed for reductions of OTA by high-performance liquid chromatography, coupled with fluorescence detection. The percentage of reductions in OTA in the contaminated oat flakes upon extrusion processing were in the range of 0 to 28%. OTA was partially stable during extrusion, with only screw speed and die size having significant effect on reduction (P < 0.005). The highest reduction of 28% was achieved at 180°C, 20% moisture, 250 rpm screw speed, and a 3-mm die with 193 kJ/kg specific mechanical energy. According to the central composite design analyses, up to 28% of OTA can be reduced by a combination of 162°C, 30% moisture, and 221 rpm, with a 3-mm die.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena/química
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Manipulação de Alimentos/métodos
Ocratoxinas/análise
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ochratoxins); 1779SX6LUY (ochratoxin A)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170831
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-16-559


  7 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28715126
[Au] Autor:Gehrig S; Macpherson JA; Driscoll PC; Symon A; Martin SR; MacRae JI; Kleinjung J; Fraternali F; Anastasiou D
[Ad] Endereço:Cancer Metabolism Laboratory, The Francis Crick Institute, London, UK.
[Ti] Título:An engineered photoswitchable mammalian pyruvate kinase.
[So] Source:FEBS J;284(18):2955-2980, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1742-4658
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Changes in allosteric regulation of glycolytic enzymes have been linked to metabolic reprogramming involved in cancer. Remarkably, allosteric mechanisms control enzyme function at significantly shorter time-scales compared to the long-term effects of metabolic reprogramming on cell proliferation. It remains unclear if and how the speed and reversibility afforded by rapid allosteric control of metabolic enzymes is important for cell proliferation. Tools that allow specific, dynamic modulation of enzymatic activities in mammalian cells would help address this question. Towards this goal, we have used molecular dynamics simulations to guide the design of mPKM2 internal light/oxygen/voltage-sensitive domain 2 (LOV2) fusion at position D24 (PiL[D24]), an engineered pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) variant that harbours an insertion of the light-sensing LOV2 domain from Avena Sativa within a region implicated in allosteric regulation by fructose 1,6-bisphosphate (FBP). The LOV2 photoreaction is preserved in the PiL[D24] chimera and causes secondary structure changes that are associated with a 30% decrease in the K of the enzyme for phosphoenolpyruvate resulting in increased pyruvate kinase activity after light exposure. Importantly, this change in activity is reversible upon light withdrawal. Expression of PiL[D24] in cells leads to light-induced increase in labelling of pyruvate from glucose. PiL[D24] therefore could provide a means to modulate cellular glucose metabolism in a remote manner and paves the way for studying the importance of rapid allosteric phenomena in the regulation of metabolism and enzyme control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Apoproteínas/química
Proteínas de Transporte/química
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química
Frutosedifosfatos/química
Proteínas de Membrana/química
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química
Hormônios Tireóideos/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Regulação Alostérica
Sítio Alostérico
Motivos de Aminoácidos
Apoproteínas/genética
Apoproteínas/metabolismo
Avena/química
Avena/genética
Sítios de Ligação
Proteínas de Transporte/genética
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo
Cristalografia por Raios X
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo
Escherichia coli/genética
Escherichia coli/metabolismo
Frutosedifosfatos/metabolismo
Expressão Gênica
Seres Humanos
Cinética
Luz
Proteínas de Membrana/genética
Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo
Modelos Moleculares
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Ligação Proteica
Engenharia de Proteínas
Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas
Estrutura Secundária de Proteína
Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética
Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo
Eletricidade Estática
Especificidade por Substrato
Termodinâmica
Hormônios Tireóideos/genética
Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Apoproteins); 0 (Carrier Proteins); 0 (DNA-Binding Proteins); 0 (Fructosediphosphates); 0 (Membrane Proteins); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (Recombinant Fusion Proteins); 0 (Thyroid Hormones); 0 (thyroid hormone-binding proteins); M7522JYX1H (fructose-1,6-diphosphate)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170718
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/febs.14175


  8 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28681602
[Au] Autor:Li M; Koecher K; Hansen L; Ferruzzi MG
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Food Science, Purdue University , West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, United States.
[Ti] Título:Phenolics from Whole Grain Oat Products as Modifiers of Starch Digestion and Intestinal Glucose Transport.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(32):6831-6839, 2017 Aug 16.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Four oat varieties and three product forms (porridge, cereal, and snack bar) were assessed to determine the impact of oat phenolics on starch digestibility and intestinal glucose transport. α-Amylase activity was enhanced by 20 GAE µM (gallic acid equivalent) of phenolics extracted from oat (96.7-118%, p < 0.05), while it was modestly inhibited at 500 GAE µM (83.0-95.4%). Maltose hydrolysis was reduced (49.6-82.4%, p < 0.05), albeit with high IC values (500-940 GAE µM). Free and bound oat phenolic extracts dose-dependently attenuated transport of d-glucose-1,2,3,4,5,6,6-d by Caco-2 monolayers over 60 min. Oat foods were then subjected to a coupled in vitro digestion/Caco-2 intestinal cell model to determine relevance to whole food systems. Digestive release of glucose was similar among products; however, glucose transport was significantly reduced from digesta of GMI 423 porridge and puffed cereal by 34% ± 12% and 20% ± 10% (p < 0.05) at 60 min. Results suggest phenolics might be a factor modulating glycemic response of oat products.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena/metabolismo
Glucose/metabolismo
Intestinos/metabolismo
Fenóis/metabolismo
Amido/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Transporte Biológico
Células CACO-2
Digestão
Seres Humanos
Grãos Integrais/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Phenols); 9005-25-8 (Starch); IY9XDZ35W2 (Glucose)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170825
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170825
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170707
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b02171


  9 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28651042
[Au] Autor:Özkaya H; Özkaya B; Duman B; Turksoy S
[Ad] Endereço:Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, Ankara University , Golbasi Campus, Golbasi, Ankara TR-06830, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:Effect of Dephytinization by Fermentation and Hydrothermal Autoclaving Treatments on the Antioxidant Activity, Dietary Fiber, and Phenolic Content of Oat Bran.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(28):5713-5719, 2017 Jul 19.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fermentation and hydrothermal methods were tested to reduce the phytic acid (PA) content of oat bran, and the effects of these methods on the dietary fiber (DF) and total phenolic (TP) contents as well as the antioxidant activity (AA) were also investigated. Fermentation with 6% yeast and for 6 h resulted in 88.2% reduction in PA content, while it only resulted in 32.5% reduction in the sample incubated for 6 h without yeast addition. The PA loss in autoclaved oat bran sample (1.5 h, pH 4.0) was 95.2% while it was 41.8% at most in the sample autoclaved without pH adjustment. In both methods, soluble, insoluble, and total DF contents of samples were remarkably higher than the control samples. Also for TP in the oat bran samples, both processes led to 17% and 39% increases, respectively, while AA values were 8% and 15%, respectively. Among all samples, the autoclaving process resulted in the lowest PA and the greatest amount of bioactive compounds.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antioxidantes/química
Avena/química
Fibras na Dieta/metabolismo
Fenóis/química
Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes/metabolismo
Avena/metabolismo
Avena/microbiologia
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Fibras na Dieta/microbiologia
Fermentação
Temperatura Alta
Oxirredução
Fenóis/metabolismo
Ácido Fítico/química
Ácido Fítico/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Dietary Fiber); 0 (Phenols); 7IGF0S7R8I (Phytic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170627
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b01698


  10 / 1817 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28598613
[Au] Autor:Hajeb P; Herrmann SS; Poulsen ME
[Ad] Endereço:National Food Institute, Technical University of Denmark , Mørkhøj Bygade 19, DK-2860 Søborg, Denmark.
[Ti] Título:Role of Sample Processing Strategies at the European Union National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) Concerning the Analysis of Pesticide Residues.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(28):5759-5767, 2017 Jul 19.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The guidance document SANTE 11945/2015 recommends that cereal samples be milled to a particle size preferably smaller than 1.0 mm and that extensive heating of the samples should be avoided. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate the differences in milling procedures, obtained particle size distributions, and the resulting pesticide residue recovery when cereal samples were milled at the European Union National Reference Laboratories (NRLs) with their routine milling procedures. A total of 23 NRLs participated in the study. The oat and rye samples milled by each NRL were sent to the European Union Reference Laboratory on Cereals and Feedingstuff (EURL) for the determination of the particle size distribution and pesticide residue recovery. The results showed that the NRLs used several different brands and types of mills. Large variations in the particle size distributions and pesticide extraction efficiencies were observed even between samples milled by the same type of mill.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Avena/química
Análise de Alimentos/normas
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Resíduos de Praguicidas/análise
Secale/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: União Europeia
Manipulação de Alimentos
Laboratórios/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pesticide Residues)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170728
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170728
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170610
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b00728



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