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  1 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27770709
[Au] Autor:Wang B; Chen Q; Shen L; Zhao S; Pang W; Zhang J
[Ad] Endereço:MOE-Shanghai Key Laboratory of Children's Environmental Health, Xinhua Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine, Shanghai 200092, China.
[Ti] Título:Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in cord blood of newborns in Shanghai, China: Implications for risk assessment.
[So] Source:Environ Int;97:7-14, 2016 12.
[Is] ISSN:1873-6750
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are commonly used in industrial applications and consumer products, and their potential health impacts are of concern, especially for vulnerable population like fetuses. However, in utero exposure to PFASs and health implications are far from fully characterized in China. To fill in the gap, we analyzed 10 PFASs in cord plasma samples (N=687) collected in Shanghai between 2011 and 2012, one of the regions widely polluted with PFASs in China. A questionnaire survey on maternal and diet-related factors was conducted. Except for perfluoroheptanoic acid (PFHpA) and perfluorooctane sulfonamide (PFOSA), all other PFASs were detected in ˃90% of the samples. Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) was the most predominant PFAS (median value: 6.96ng/mL), followed by perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) (2.48ng/mL). PFOA and PFOS combined contributed to 80% of the total PFASs. The final multiple regression models showed that maternal factors including maternal age, body mass index, gestational age, economic status and educational level as well as consumption of fish and wheat were significantly related with concentrations of PFASs in cord blood. The risk assessment using the hazard quotients (HQs) approach on the basis of plasma PFAS levels indicated no potential concern for developmental toxicity in the local newborns. The results demonstrate the unique profiles of local prenatal exposure to PFASs, suggesting that PFOA has been the primary human exposure due to its widespread use and pollution. Special attention to high PFOA exposure and confirmation of potential determinants should be taken as a priority in the future plan for risk management and actions in this area.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluentes Ambientais/sangue
Sangue Fetal/química
Hidrocarbonetos Fluorados/sangue
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China
Feminino
Peixes
Alimentos
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Medição de Risco
Sulfonamidas/sangue
Ácidos Sulfônicos/sangue
Inquéritos e Questionários
Triticum
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants); 0 (Hydrocarbons, Fluorinated); 0 (Sulfonamides); 0 (Sulfonic Acids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180311
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180311
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161023
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29408917
[Au] Autor:Ben-Abu Y; Beiles A; Flom D; Nevo E
[Ad] Endereço:Projects and Physics Section, Sapir Academic College, D.N. Hof Ashkelon, Israel.
[Ti] Título:Adaptive evolution of benzoxazinoids in wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides, at "Evolution Canyon", Mount Carmel, Israel.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(2):e0190424, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: "Evolution Canyon" (ECI) at Lower Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel, Israel, is an optimal natural microscale model for unraveling evolution-in-action, highlighting the evolutionary processes of biodiversity evolution, adaptation, and incipient sympatric speciation. A major model organism in ECI is the tetraploid wild emmer wheat, Triticum dicoccoides (TD), the progenitor of cultivated emmer and durum wheat. TD displays dramatic interslope adaptive evolutionary divergence on the tropical, savannoid-hot and dry south-facing, "African" slope (AS), and on the temperate, forested, cool and humid, north-facing, "European" slope (ES), separated on average by 250 m. From the perspective of chemical evolution and metabolomics, it is important to unravel interslope divergence in biologically relevant secondary metabolites between the abutting slope populations. Here, in TD we examined hydroxamic acid (Hx), which is a family of secondary cereal metabolites, and plays a major role in defending the plant against fungi, insects and weeds. RESULTS: Our examination revealed that higher concentrations of DIBOA and DIMBOA were found in seedlings growing in the same greenhouse from seeds collected from the cool and humid forested ES, whereas the seedlings of seeds collected from the savannoid AS (both in root and shoot tissues), showed no DIMBOA. Remarkably, only DIBOA appears in both shoots and roots of the AS seedlings. It rises to a peak and then decreases in both organs and in seedlings from both slopes. The DIMBOA, which appears only in the ES seedlings, rises to a peak and decreases in the shoot, but increased and remained in a plateau in the root, till the end of the experiment. CONCULSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The results suggest stronger genetic resistance of defense compounds DIBOA and DIMBOA against biotic stresses (fungi and other pathogens) by ES seedlings. However, AS seedlings responded earlier but were to the same biotic stresses. The genetic difference found in AS seedlings was caused by the main adaptive selection in AS, which was against climatic, abiotic stresses, and was weaker, or not at all, against biotic stresses. The distinct genetic interslope differences appear important and is very significant and are elaborated in the discussion.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Adaptação Fisiológica/genética
Evolução Molecular
Triticum/fisiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão
Israel
Triticum/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180207
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0190424


  3 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29381740
[Au] Autor:Khokhar JS; Sareen S; Tyagi BS; Singh G; Wilson L; King IP; Young SD; Broadley MR
[Ad] Endereço:School of Biosciences, University of Nottingham, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:Variation in grain Zn concentration, and the grain ionome, in field-grown Indian wheat.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0192026, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Wheat is an important dietary source of zinc (Zn) and other mineral elements in many countries. Dietary Zn deficiency is widespread, especially in developing countries, and breeding (genetic biofortification) through the HarvestPlus programme has recently started to deliver new wheat varieties to help alleviate this problem in South Asia. To better understand the potential of wheat to alleviate dietary Zn deficiency, this study aimed to characterise the baseline effects of genotype (G), site (E), and genotype by site interactions (GxE) on grain Zn concentration under a wide range of soil conditions in India. Field experiments were conducted on a diverse panel of 36 Indian-adapted wheat genotypes, grown on a range of soil types (pH range 4.5-9.5), in 2013-14 (five sites) and 2014-15 (six sites). Grain samples were analysed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The mean grain Zn concentration of the genotypes ranged from 24.9-34.8 mg kg-1, averaged across site and year. Genotype and site effects were associated with 10% and 6% of the overall variation in grain Zn concentration, respectively. Whilst G x E interaction effects were evident across the panel, some genotypes had consistent rankings between sites and years. Grain Zn concentration correlated positively with grain concentrations of iron (Fe), sulphur (S), and eight other elements, but did not correlate negatively with grain yield, i.e. no yield dilution was observed. Despite a relatively small contribution of genotype to the overall variation in grain Zn concentration, due to experiments being conducted across many contrasting sites and two years, our data are consistent with reports that biofortifying wheat through breeding is likely to be effective at scale given that some genotypes performed consistently across diverse soil types. Notably, all soils in this study were probably Zn deficient and interactions between wheat genotypes and soil Zn availability/management (e.g. the use of Zn-containing fertilisers) need to be better-understood to improve Zn supply in food systems.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Triticum/metabolismo
Zinco/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Índia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180131
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0192026


  4 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29342185
[Au] Autor:Deshpande P; Dapkekar A; Oak M; Paknikar K; Rajwade J
[Ad] Endereço:Nanobioscience group, Agharkar Research Institute, Pune, India.
[Ti] Título:Nanocarrier-mediated foliar zinc fertilization influences expression of metal homeostasis related genes in flag leaves and enhances gluten content in durum wheat.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191035, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Wheat is the staple food for most of the world's population; however, it is a poor source of zinc. Foliar fertilization of zinc via zinc loaded chitosan nanocarriers (Zn-CNP) post-anthesis has proved to be a promising approach for grain zinc enhancement in durum wheat as evidenced in our earlier study. However, the molecular mechanism of uptake of zinc via Zn-CNP remains unclear. METHODS/PRINCIPLE FINDINGS: Foliar application of Zn-CNP was performed at post anthesis stages in two durum wheat cultivars (MACS 3125 and UC1114, containing the Gpc-B1 gene), and expression levels of several metal-related genes were analyzed during early senescence. Zn-CNP application indeed caused changes in gene expression as revealed by qPCR data on representative genes involved in metal homeostasis, phloem transporters, and leaf senescence. Furthermore, zinc-regulated transporters and iron (Fe)-regulated transporter-like protein (ZIP) family [ZIP1, ZIP7, ZIP15], CA (carbonic anhydrase), and DMAS (2'-deoxymugineic acid synthase) in flag leaves exhibited significant correlation with zinc content in the seeds. The analysis of grain endosperm proteins showed enhancement of gamma gliadins while other gluten subunits decreased. Gene expression within ZIP family members varied with the type of cultivar mostly attributed to the Gpc-B1, concentration of external zinc ions as well as the type of tissue analyzed. Correlation analysis revealed the involvement of the selected genes in zinc enhancement. CONCLUSION: At the molecular level, uptake of zinc via Zn-CNP nanocarrier was comparable to the uptake of zinc via common zinc fertilizers i.e. ZnSO4.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genes de Plantas
Homeostase
Metais/metabolismo
Nanopartículas
Triticum/genética
Zinco/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Glutens/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/genética
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Metals); 8002-80-0 (Glutens); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180118
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191035


  5 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28888123
[Au] Autor:Tot A; Vranes M; Maksimovic I; Putnik-Delic M; Danicic M; Belic S; Gadzuric S
[Ad] Endereço:University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Sciences, Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Environmental Protection, Trg D. Obradovica 3, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia.
[Ti] Título:The effect of imidazolium based ionic liquids on wheat and barley germination and growth: Influence of length and oxygen functionalization of alkyl side chain.
[So] Source:Ecotoxicol Environ Saf;147:401-406, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1090-2414
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this work five different imidazolium based ionic liquids, namely: 1-(2-oxybutyl)-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [C OC mIm][Cl]; 1-(2-oxypropyl)-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [C OC mIm][Cl]; 1-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-ethylimidazolium chloride, [OHC eIm][Cl]; 1-(3-hydroxypropyl)-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [OHC mIm][Cl]; 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [OHC mIm][Cl], together with commercial 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride, [bmim][Cl] and synthesized protic imidazolium chloride, [Im][Cl], were prepared and their toxicity examined towards wheat and barley germination and growth. Introduction of the polar groups (in the form of hydroxyde and/or ether group) in the alkyl side chain of the imidazolium cation and their influence on the reduction of the ionic liquid's toxicity is demonstrated. The results indicate that toxicity of oxygen functionalized ILs is significantly lower against wheat comparing to non-functionalized analogues. In the case of barley, influence on germination follow the same trend as in the case of wheat, but for seedlings growth different trend is observed with more pronounced toxicity of ether functionalized ILs. From these results it was also shown that alkylation in the position N-3 atom of the imidazole significantly reduces toxicity of cation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Germinação/efeitos dos fármacos
Hordeum/efeitos dos fármacos
Imidazóis/toxicidade
Líquidos Iônicos/toxicidade
Oxigênio/química
Triticum/efeitos dos fármacos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Cátions
Hordeum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Imidazóis/síntese química
Imidazóis/química
Líquidos Iônicos/síntese química
Líquidos Iônicos/química
Estrutura Molecular
Plântulas/efeitos dos fármacos
Plântulas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Cations); 0 (Imidazoles); 0 (Ionic Liquids); 41PS77334A (1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride); 7GBN705NH1 (imidazole); S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170910
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29194015
[Au] Autor:Tripathi P; A JL; Kapoor M
[Ad] Endereço:a Department of Protein Chemistry and Technology , CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute , Mysuru , Karnataka , India.
[Ti] Título:Phytase from Citrobacter koseri PM-7: Enhanced production using statistical method and application in ameliorating mineral bioaccessibility and protein digestibility of high-phytate food.
[So] Source:Prep Biochem Biotechnol;48(1):84-91, 2018 Jan 02.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2297
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was aimed at enhancing phytase (Phy-Ck) production from Citrobacter koseri PM-7 using response surface methodology (RSM) and improving the bioaccessibility of minerals (Fe and Zn) and protein digestibility in high-phytate food using Phy-Ck. A five-variable and three-level central composite design of RSM using wheat bran (6.681%, w/v), inoculum level (2.5%, v/v), and triton X-100 (0.2%, v/v) resulted in up to 5.57-fold (1.047 U/ml) improvement in Phy-Ck yield from C. koseri PM-7 when compared with fermentation media I and II. The model was successfully validated in the design space by taking a random set of variable combinations. Treatment of high-phytate food with partially purified Phy-Ck showed improvement in mineral bioaccessibility maximally for defatted sesame flour (DSF) (Fe 45.5%; Zn 50.7%) followed by wheat flour (WF) (Fe 13.5%; Zn 14.4%), green gram flour (GGF) (Fe 0.7%; Zn 3.8%) and defatted groundnut flour (DGF) (Zn 5.6%). The in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD) of WF increased from 48.83 to 65.04%, GGF from 45.04 to 57.12%, and DSF from 47.34 to 55.7% after Phy-Ck treatment.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: 6-Fitase/metabolismo
Citrobacter koseri/enzimologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Ração Animal/análise
Fibras na Dieta/análise
Fermentação
Farinha/análise
Ferro/metabolismo
Ácido Fítico/análise
Ácido Fítico/metabolismo
Proteólise
Triticum/química
Zinco/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Dietary Fiber); 7IGF0S7R8I (Phytic Acid); E1UOL152H7 (Iron); EC 3.1.3.26 (6-Phytase); J41CSQ7QDS (Zinc)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171202
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1080/10826068.2017.1405024


  7 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453680
[Au] Autor:Holtz Y; David JL; Ranwez V
[Ad] Endereço:Montpellier Supagro, Department BE, UMR AGAP, 34060 Montpellier, France.
[Ti] Título:The genetic map comparator: a user-friendly application to display and compare genetic maps.
[So] Source:Bioinformatics;33(9):1387-1388, 2017 05 01.
[Is] ISSN:1367-4811
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Motivation: Marker-assisted selection strongly relies on genetic maps to accelerate breeding programs. High-density maps are now available for numerous species. Dedicated tools are required to compare several high-density maps on the basis of their key characteristics, while pinpointing their differences and similarities. Results: We developed the Genetic Map Comparator-a web-based application for easy comparison of different maps according to their key statistics and the relative positions of common markers. Availability and Implementation: The Genetic Map Comparator is available online at: http://bioweb.supagro.inra.fr/geneticMapComparator. The source code is freely available on GitHub under the under the CeCILL general public license: https://github.com/holtzy/GenMap-Comparator. Contact: Holtz@supagro.fr; Ranwez@supagro.fr.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Genômica/métodos
Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos
Software
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Resistência à Doença/genética
Genes de Plantas
Doenças das Plantas/genética
Locos de Características Quantitativas
Triticum/genética
Triticum/virologia
Viroses/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180308
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180308
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/bioinformatics/btw816


  8 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28463719
[Au] Autor:Karlsson I; Friberg H; Kolseth AK; Steinberg C; Persson P
[Ad] Endereço:Dept. of Crop Production Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Box 7043, SE-750 07, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address: ida.karlsson@slu.se.
[Ti] Título:Agricultural factors affecting Fusarium communities in wheat kernels.
[So] Source:Int J Food Microbiol;252:53-60, 2017 07 03.
[Is] ISSN:1879-3460
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Fusarium head blight (FHB) is a devastating disease of cereals caused by Fusarium fungi. The disease is of great economic importance especially owing to reduced grain quality due to contamination by a range of mycotoxins produced by Fusarium. Disease control and prediction is difficult because of the many Fusarium species associated with FHB. Different species may respond differently to control methods and can have both competitive and synergistic interactions. Therefore, it is important to understand how agricultural practices affect Fusarium at the community level. Lower levels of Fusarium mycotoxin contamination of organically produced cereals compared with conventionally produced have been reported, but the causes of these differences are not well understood. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of agricultural factors on Fusarium abundance and community composition in different cropping systems. Winter wheat kernels were collected from 18 organically and conventionally cultivated fields in Sweden, paired based on their geographical distance and the wheat cultivar grown. We characterised the Fusarium community in harvested wheat kernels using 454 sequencing of translation elongation factor 1-α amplicons. In addition, we quantified Fusarium spp. using real-time PCR to reveal differences in biomass between fields. We identified 12 Fusarium operational taxonomic units (OTUs) with a median of 4.5 OTUs per field. Fusarium graminearum was the most abundant species, while F. avenaceum had the highest occurrence. The abundance of Fusarium spp. ranged two orders of magnitude between fields. Two pairs of Fusarium species co-occurred between fields: F. poae with F. tricinctum and F. culmorum with F. sporotrichoides. We could not detect any difference in Fusarium communities between the organic and conventional systems. However, agricultural intensity, measured as the number of pesticide applications and the amount of nitrogen fertiliser applied, had an impact on Fusarium communities, specifically increasing the abundance of F. tricinctum. There were geographical differences in the Fusarium community composition where F. graminearum was more abundant in the western part of Sweden. The application of amplicon sequencing provided a comprehensive view of the Fusarium community in cereals. This gives us better opportunities to understand the ecology of Fusarium spp., which is important in order to limit FHB and mycotoxin contamination in cereals.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Agricultura/métodos
Contaminação de Alimentos/análise
Fusarium/metabolismo
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Triticum/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Grãos Comestíveis/química
Grãos Comestíveis/microbiologia
Fusarium/classificação
Fusarium/genética
Fusarium/isolamento & purificação
Micotoxinas/análise
Micotoxinas/metabolismo
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real
Sementes/química
Sementes/microbiologia
Suécia
Triticum/química
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Mycotoxins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170503
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28453741
[Au] Autor:Knutson AE; Giles KL; Royer TA; Elliott NC; Bradford N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Entomology, Texas A&M AgriLife Research and Extension Center, Dallas, TX 75252 ( a-knutson@tamu.edu ).
[Ti] Título:Application of Pheromone Traps for Managing Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in the Southern Great Plains.
[So] Source:J Econ Entomol;110(3):1052-1061, 2017 06 01.
[Is] ISSN:1938-291X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor Say, is an important pest of winter wheat in the Southern Great Plains of the United States. As larvae feed behind the leaf sheath, infestations often go undetected until crop damage is evident, and there are no remedial actions that can prevent economic loss once a field is infested. The recent discovery of the sex-attractant pheromone of the Hessian fly provides an opportunity to use pheromone traps to detect and monitor adult activity and potentially better manage this pest. Adult male Hessian fly activity was monitored during 4 yr at six locations from northcentral Oklahoma, 36° N latitude, south to central Texas, 31° N latitude. In Oklahoma, trap captures were low in the fall, no flies were captured during the winter, and the largest number of flies was captured in the spring. However, in southcentral Texas, adults were captured throughout the fall, winter, and in the spring when trap captures were again the greatest. The relationship between trap captures and density of Hessian fly larvae per tiller was investigated during the fall and spring. Although large numbers of adults (>100 per trap per day) were often captured, economic infestation of larvae rarely developed. Results identify optimum times for field sampling to determine immature Hessian fly infestations in wheat in Oklahoma and Texas.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dípteros/fisiologia
Controle de Insetos
Feromônios/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dípteros/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Larva/fisiologia
Oklahoma
Dinâmica Populacional
Estações do Ano
Texas
Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pheromones); 0 (insect attractants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/jee/tox088


  10 / 23446 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29329353
[Au] Autor:Xu X; Gao P; Zhu X; Guo W; Ding J; Li C
[Ad] Endereço:Jiangsu Provincial Key Lab of Crop Genetics and Physiology/Wheat Research Institute, Yangzhou University, Yangzhou, Jiangsu Province, China.
[Ti] Título:Estimating the responses of winter wheat yields to moisture variations in the past 35 years in Jiangsu Province of China.
[So] Source:PLoS One;13(1):e0191217, 2018.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Jiangsu is an important agricultural province in China. Winter wheat, as the second major grain crop in the province, is greatly affected by moisture variations. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there were significant trends in changes in the moisture conditions during wheat growing seasons over the past decades and how the wheat yields responded to different moisture levels by means of a popular drought index, the Standardized Precipitation Evapotranspiration Index (SPEI). The study started with a trend analysis and quantification of the moisture conditions with the Mann-Kendall test and Sen's Slope method, respectively. Then, correlation analysis was carried out to determine the relationship between de-trended wheat yields and multi-scalar SPEI. Finally, a multivariate panel regression model was established to reveal the quantitative yield responses to moisture variations. The results showed that the moisture conditions in Jiangsu were generally at a normal level, but this century appeared slightly drier in because of the relatively high temperatures. There was a significant correlation between short time scale SPEI values and wheat yields. Among the three critical stages of wheat development, the SPEI values in the late growth stage (April-June) had a closer linkage to the yields than in the seedling stage (October-November) and the over-wintering stage (December-February). Moreover, the yield responses displayed an asymmetric characteristic, namely, moisture excess led to higher yield losses compared to moisture deficit in this region. The maximum yield increment could be obtained under the moisture level of slight drought according to the 3-month SPEI at the late growth stage, while extreme wetting resulted in the most severe yield losses. The moisture conditions in the first 15 years of the 21st century were more favorable than in the last 20 years of the 20th century for wheat production in Jiangsu.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Secas
Chuvas
Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: China
Secas/história
Grãos Comestíveis/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Grãos Comestíveis/história
Aquecimento Global/história
História do Século XX
História do Século XXI
Modelos Biológicos
Análise de Regressão
Estações do Ano
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:HISTORICAL ARTICLE; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180226
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180226
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0191217



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