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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.859.500.750.155 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:28594883
[Au] Autor:Leon ME; Assefa M; Kassa E; Bane A; Gemechu T; Tilahun Y; Endalafer N; Ferro G; Straif K; Ward E; Aseffa A; Schüz J; Jemal A
[Ad] Endereço:Section of Environment and Radiation, International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), Lyon, France.
[Ti] Título:Qat use and esophageal cancer in Ethiopia: A pilot case-control study.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(6):e0178911, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Qat (Catha edulis) chewing is reported to induce lesions in the buccal mucosa, irritation of the esophagus, and esophageal reflux. Case series suggest a possible etiological role in oral and esophageal cancers. This pilot study aimed to generate preliminary estimates of the magnitude and direction of the association between qat use and esophageal cancer (EC) risk and to inform the logistics required to conduct a multi-center case-control study. METHODS: Between May 2012 and May 2013, 73 EC cases (including 12 gastro-esophageal junction cases) and 133 controls matched individually on sex, age, and residence were enrolled at two endoscopy clinics and a cancer treatment hospital in Addis Ababa. A face-to-face structured questionnaire was administered. Qat use was defined as ever having chewed qat once a week or more frequently for at least one year. Odds ratios were calculated using conditional logistic regression. RESULTS: Only 8% of cases resided in Addis Ababa. Qat use was more frequent in cases (36%) than in controls (26%). A 2-fold elevation in EC risk was observed in ever qat chewers compared with never users in unadjusted conditional logistic regression (OR = 2.12; 95% CI = 0.94, 4.74), an association that disappeared after adjusting for differences in tobacco use, consumption of alcohol and green vegetables, education level, and religion (OR = 0.95; 0.22, 4.22). Among never tobacco users, however, a non-significant increase in EC risk was suggested in ever qat users also after adjustment. Increases in EC risk were observed with ever tobacco use, alcohol consumption, low consumption of green vegetables, a salty diet, illiteracy, and among Muslims; the four latter associations were significant. CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study generated EC risk estimates in association with a habit practiced by millions of people and never before studied in a case-control design. Results must be interpreted cautiously in light of possible selection bias, with some demographics such as education level and religion differing between cases and controls. A large case-control study with enrolment of EC cases and carefully matched controls at health facilities from high-risk areas in the countryside, where the majority of cases occur, is needed to further investigate the association between qat use and EC.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catha/efeitos adversos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo
Neoplasias Bucais/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas/efeitos adversos
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Educação
Neoplasias Esofágicas/genética
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Comportamento Alimentar
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Modelos Logísticos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Neoplasias Bucais/induzido quimicamente
Neoplasias Bucais/epidemiologia
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0178911


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[PMID]:28557133
[Au] Autor:Engidawork E
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, P.O Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[Ti] Título:Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Catha edulis F. (Khat).
[So] Source:Phytother Res;31(7):1019-1028, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1099-1573
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Khat chewing is deeply rooted in the culture and tradition of communities in khat belt countries, and its consumption is spread to other countries through the suitcase trade. The aim of this article is to review current knowledge on the chemistry, social, pharmacology and toxicology of khat and its use. Khat produces effect invariably in every system, which is harmful or beneficial in some instances. Harmful effects are observed in heavy users, although firm evidence is lacking. Chewing khat acutely elicits states of euphoria, which is followed by low mood. Khat contains alkaloids with psychostimulant properties, but the effect cannot be totally explained by these alkaloids. It is also not clear whether the effect produced in some organs like liver could be attributed to khat or pesticides sprayed during farming. Although the evidence indicates that khat has adverse effects in most organs, our understanding of the complex interaction between use and effect is incomplete, and causal relationships have not yet been described. Moreover, khat has positioned itself well in the social, economic and political arena. Thus, a multidisciplinary research is required to understand the different dimensions and come up with ways that maximize the benefit while minimizing the risk. Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catha/química
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Alcaloides/farmacologia
Catha/toxicidade
Estimulantes do Sistema Nervoso Central/farmacologia
Seres Humanos
Praguicidas/toxicidade
Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacocinética
Compostos Fitoquímicos/toxicidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Alkaloids); 0 (Central Nervous System Stimulants); 0 (Pesticides); 0 (Phytochemicals)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171004
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171004
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170531
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1002/ptr.5832


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[PMID]:28412950
[Au] Autor:Abdeta T; Tolessa D; Adorjan K; Abera M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Psychiatry, School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia. tilahunabdeta@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence, withdrawal symptoms and associated factors of khat chewing among students at Jimma University in Ethiopia.
[So] Source:BMC Psychiatry;17(1):142, 2017 Apr 17.
[Is] ISSN:1471-244X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Recently, khat chewing has become a common practice among high school, college, and university students. Regular khat chewing is thought to be a predisposing factor for different physical and mental health problems. It can lead to absenteeism from work and classes. In Ethiopia, to our knowledge no published study has investigated khat withdrawal symptoms. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence, withdrawal symptoms, and associated factors of khat chewing among regular undergraduate students on the main campus of Jimma University in Ethiopia. METHODS: The institution-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in January 2016. Data were collected from 651 main campus regular undergraduate students with a structured, self-administered questionnaire, entered into Epidata 3.1 and exported to SPSS version 20 for Windows. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to explore associations and identify variables independently associated with khat chewing. RESULTS: The study found that the lifetime and current prevalence of khat chewing among students were 26.3% (95% CI: 24.3, 28.3) and 23.9% (95% CI: 21.94, 25.86), respectively. About 25.7% of students started chewing after joining university, and 60.5% of these students started during their first year. The main reason given for starting khat chewing was for study purposes (54.6%), followed by socialization purposes (42.3%). Among current khat chewers, 72.9% reported that they had chewed khat for 1 year or more and 68.2% reported that they had experienced various withdrawal symptoms. The most frequently reported withdrawal symptoms were feeling depressed, craving, and feeling fatigued. Being male, attending a place of worship daily/2-3 times per week, cannabis use, smoking cigarettes, and having family members currently chewing khat were independently associated with khat chewing. CONCLUSIONS: This study found that large numbers of university students were currently chewing khat. In this study withdrawal symptoms and factors that significantly affect khat chewing were identified. Besides it gave new ideas regarding khat withdrawal symptoms in Ethiopia. It serves as a critical role of providing information to form rational foundation for public health policy, prevention and planning to bring change in contributing factors for Khat chewing. The finding will be serving as base line information for further study.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catha
Mastigação
Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Estudos Transversais
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Prevalência
Fumar/epidemiologia
Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/epidemiologia
Inquéritos e Questionários
Universidades
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170529
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170529
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170418
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12888-017-1284-4


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[PMID]:28411209
[Au] Autor:Tembrock LR; Simmons MP; Richards CM; Reeves PA; Reilley A; Curto MA; Meimberg H; Ngugi G; Demissew S; Al Khulaidi AW; Al-Thobhani M; Simpson S; Varisco DM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado 80523, USA.
[Ti] Título:Phylogeography of the wild and cultivated stimulant plant qat ( , Celastraceae) in areas of historical cultivation.
[So] Source:Am J Bot;104(4):538-549, 2017 Apr.
[Is] ISSN:1537-2197
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Qat ( , Celastraceae) is a woody plant species cultivated for its stimulant alkaloids. Qat is important to the economy and culture in large regions of Ethiopia, Kenya, and Yemen. Despite the importance of this species, the wild origins and dispersal of cultivars have only been described in often contradictory historical documents. We examined the wild origins, human-mediated dispersal, and genetic divergence of cultivated qat compared to wild qat. METHODS: We sampled 17 SSR markers and 1561 wild and cultivated individuals across the historical areas of qat cultivation. KEY RESULTS: On the basis of genetic structure inferred using Bayesian and nonparametric methods, two centers of origin in Kenya and one in Ethiopia were found for cultivated qat. The centers of origin in Ethiopia and northeast of Mt. Kenya are the primary sources of cultivated qat genotypes. Qat cultivated in Yemen is derived from Ethiopian genotypes rather than Yemeni wild populations. Cultivated qat with a wild Kenyan origin has not spread to Ethiopia or Yemen, whereas a small minority of qat cultivated in Kenya originated in Ethiopia. Hybrid genotypes with both Ethiopian and Kenyan parentage are present in northern Kenya. CONCLUSIONS: Ethiopian cultivars have diverged from their wild relatives, whereas Kenyan qat has diverged less. This pattern of divergence could be caused by the extinction of the wild-source qat populations in Ethiopia due to deforestation, undersampling, and/or artificial selection for agronomically important traits.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catha/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Teorema de Bayes
Produção Agrícola
DNA de Plantas/genética
DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Etiópia
Marcadores Genéticos/genética
Genótipo
Quênia
Repetições de Microssatélites/genética
Filogeografia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Iêmen
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Plant); 0 (Genetic Markers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170822
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170822
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170416
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3732/ajb.1600437


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[PMID]:28327160
[Au] Autor:Mihretu A; Teferra S; Fekadu A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Psychology, Amanuel Mental Specialized Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. awoke.hm@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:What constitutes problematic khat use? An exploratory mixed methods study in Ethiopia.
[So] Source:Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy;12(1):17, 2017 Mar 21.
[Is] ISSN:1747-597X
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Khat is a psycho-stimulant herb, which has been in use in traditional societies in East Africa and the Middle East over many centuries. Although khat is reported to cause various health problems, what constitutes problematic khat use has never been systematically investigated. This study explored the acceptable and problematic uses of khat from the perspective of users. METHODS: The study used a mixed methods design (exploratory sequential) in which qualitative (emic) data were collected to develop a framework to define problematic khat use. The qualitative data were gathered through in-depth interviews (N = 13) and focus group discussions (N = 34). By supplementing the emic experiences considered to constitute problematic khat use with an etic definition, DSM-5 criteria for stimulant related disorders, a structured questionnaire was developed. Subsequently a cross-sectional evaluation of 102 respondents was carried out. Respondents both for qualitative and quantitative study were selected through purposive sampling and snowballing methods. Qualitative data were transcribed and subjected to thematic analysis whereas quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and nonparametric statistics. RESULTS: Khat use was acceptable socio-culturally and for functional purposes. However, even in these acceptable contexts there was a restriction to the amount, frequency and type of khat used, and in relation to the experience of the individual using khat and other personal characteristics. More specifically, khat use was considered problematic if there was: 1) Impairment (in social and occupational functioning); 2) loss of control in the use of khat; and 3) withdrawal symptoms when not using khat. Among the participants who use khat (n = 102), 45.1% (n = 46) used khat on a daily basis. The commonest indicators of problematic khat use endorsed by the khat users were loss of control over chewing (73.5%), continuing use of khat despite harm (72.5%) and efforts to avoid withdrawal from khat (61.8%). CONCLUSION: Despite reported religious, sociocultural and functional benefits to the use of khat, those with defined problematic khat use have impaired mental health, and social and occupational performance. Comparison of these respondent defined indicators of problem behavior matched almost completely to the DSM-5 (etic-defined) understanding of problematic stimulant use. Although the findings have relevant clinical, research and policy implications, the study focused on users purposively identified. Future larger scale definitive studies are required to make concrete policy recommendations.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Comportamento Aditivo/diagnóstico
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia
Catha/efeitos adversos
Usuários de Drogas/psicologia
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Estudos Transversais
Etiópia
Feminino
Grupos Focais
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Pesquisa Qualitativa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170323
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13011-017-0100-y


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[PMID]:28277525
[Au] Autor:Reardon S
[Ti] Título:How the fallout from Trump's travel ban is reshaping science.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7644):157-158, 2017 03 02.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Emigração e Imigração/legislação & jurisprudência
Governo Federal
Islamismo
Política
Pesquisadores/legislação & jurisprudência
Ciência/recursos humanos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catha
Congressos como Assunto
Contrato de Risco
Docentes/legislação & jurisprudência
Seres Humanos
Cooperação Internacional
Irã (Geográfico)
Iraque
Líbia
Tutoria
Pesquisadores/psicologia
Sociedades Científicas/organização & administração
Somália
Estudantes/legislação & jurisprudência
Sudão
Síria
Viagem/legislação & jurisprudência
Incerteza
Estados Unidos
Iêmen
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170713
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170713
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170310
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/nature.2017.21579


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[PMID]:28265577
[Au] Autor:Wondemagegn AT; Cheme MC; Kibret KT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Public Health, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia.
[Ti] Título:Perceived Psychological, Economic, and Social Impact of Khat Chewing among Adolescents and Adults in Nekemte Town, East Welega Zone, West Ethiopia.
[So] Source:Biomed Res Int;2017:7427892, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:2314-6141
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The main aim of this study was to assess psychological, economic, and social impact of khat chewing among adolescents, in Nekemte town, East Welega Zone. A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from March to June 2016 using both quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection. A total of 359 samples were included in the study. A pretested, interviewer based structured questionnaire was employed during data collection. The study found the current prevalence of khat chewing practices was 48.6%. Perceived psychological problems especially depression and anxiety were associated with khat chewing practices. The risk of depression was about 25 times higher among khat chewers compared to nonchewers. Similarly the risk of anxiety among khat chewers was about 5 times higher compared to nonchewers. Generally current khat chewing practices in the study area are relatively high. The occurrence of reported, perceived psychological problems mainly depression and anxiety was significantly higher among khat chewers compared to nonchewers. Thus efforts like creating awareness about negative effect, making different recreation methods available, and formulating common conventions regarding khat use mainly by young generations are necessary to decrease the magnitude of chewing practices and thereby its associated consequences.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ansiedade
Catha/efeitos adversos
Depressão
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Ansiedade/epidemiologia
Ansiedade/etiologia
Estudos Transversais
Depressão/epidemiologia
Depressão/etiologia
Etiópia/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Fatores de Risco
Fatores Socioeconômicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1155/2017/7427892


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[PMID]:28057187
[Au] Autor:Dasgupta A
[Ad] Endereço:University of Texas-Houston Medical School, Houston, TX, United States. Electronic address: amitava.dasgupta@uth.tmc.edu.
[Ti] Título:Challenges in Laboratory Detection of Unusual Substance Abuse: Issues with Magic Mushroom, Peyote Cactus, Khat, and Solvent Abuse.
[So] Source:Adv Clin Chem;78:163-186, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0065-2423
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Drug abuse is a worldwide problem. Although commonly abused drugs can be identified during routine urine drug testing, less commonly abused drugs may escape detection. These less commonly abused drugs not only include some designer drugs such as synthetic cannabinoid but also include abuse of psychedelic magic mushroom (active ingredients: psilocybin and psilocin), peyote cactus (active ingredient: mescaline), and khat plants (active ingredient: cathinone). Moreover, solvent and glue abuse is gaining popularity among teenagers and young adults which may even cause fatality. Amphetamine/methamphetamine immunoassay has a low cross-reactivity with psilocin. Cathinone, if present in the urine, can be detected by amphetamine/methamphetamine immunoassay due to cross-reactivity of cathinone with assay antibody. Currently there is one commercially available immunoassay which is capable of detecting synthetic cathinone known as bath salts as well as mescaline. However, gas chromatography combined with mass spectrometry as well as liquid chromatography combined with tandem mass spectrometry (LC/MS/MS)-based method is available for confirmation of the active ingredients present in magic mushroom, peyote cactus, and khat plant. Such chromatography-based methods also offer more sensitivity and specificity compared to an immunoassay.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Drogas Ilícitas
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Agaricales
Cactaceae
Catha
Seres Humanos
Solventes
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Solvents); 0 (Street Drugs)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170606
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170606
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170107
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27981767
[Au] Autor:Paratz ED; Mariani J; MacIsaac AI
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cardiology, St Vincent's Hospital Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
[Ti] Título:First reported case of khat cardiomyopathy and malignant hypertension in Australia.
[So] Source:Intern Med J;46(12):1455-1456, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1445-5994
[Cp] País de publicação:Australia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Africano
Cardiomiopatias/induzido quimicamente
Catha/efeitos adversos
Obesidade/complicações
Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Austrália/etnologia
Catha/química
Emigrantes e Imigrantes
Seres Humanos
Hipertensão Maligna
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171020
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171020
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161217
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/imj.13283


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[PMID]:27978853
[Au] Autor:Baharith H; Zarrin A
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Medicine, New York Methodist Hospital, Brooklyn, NY, USA. Harith.baharith@medportal.ca.
[Ti] Título:Khat - a new precipitating factor for reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome: a case report.
[So] Source:J Med Case Rep;10(1):351, 2016 Dec 15.
[Is] ISSN:1752-1947
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Postpartum reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is one of the rare reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndromes. The clinical presentation is usually characterized by recurrent headache, focal neurological deficit, and reversible cerebral vasoconstriction seen on cerebral angiography. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of a 35-year-old Yemeni woman who presented with headache and focal neurological deficits that occurred 10 days after delivery, with segmental narrowing of cerebral arteries on angiography. She had significant clinical and radiological improvement on follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: The presentation of our patient's reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome is unusual as she has two possible precipitating factors. In addition to being in the postpartum state, she also has a long history of chewing khat, a vasoactive substance commonly used by immigrants from Yemen. We hope that this case report will increase awareness among physicians about the use of this plant by immigrants from the horn of Africa and Yemen.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catha/efeitos adversos
Transtornos Puerperais/induzido quimicamente
Transtornos Puerperais/fisiopatologia
Vasoconstrição/fisiologia
Vasoespasmo Intracraniano/induzido quimicamente
Vasoespasmo Intracraniano/fisiopatologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea
Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem
Encéfalo/fisiopatologia
Angiografia Cerebral
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética
Transtornos Puerperais/diagnóstico por imagem
Síndrome
Vasoespasmo Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem
Iêmen
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170510
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170510
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161217
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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