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Pesquisa : B01.650.940.800.575.912.250.859.937.500.625.375 [Categoria DeCS]
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[PMID]:29232127
[Au] Autor:Wu J; Sabag-Daigle A; Metz TO; Deatherage Kaiser BL; Gopalan V; Behrman EJ; Wysocki VH; Ahmer BMM
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, The Ohio State University , Columbus, Ohio 43210, United States.
[Ti] Título:Measurement of Fructose-Asparagine Concentrations in Human and Animal Foods.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;66(1):212-217, 2018 Jan 10.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The food-borne bacterial pathogen, Salmonella enterica, can utilize fructose-asparagine (F-Asn) as its sole carbon and nitrogen source. F-Asn is the product of an Amadori rearrangement following the nonenzymatic condensation of glucose and asparagine. Heating converts F-Asn via complex Maillard reactions to a variety of molecules that contribute to the color, taste, and aroma of heated foods. Among these end derivatives is acrylamide, which is present in some foods, especially in fried potatoes. The F-Asn utilization pathway in Salmonella, specifically FraB, is a potential drug target because inhibition of this enzyme would lead to intoxication of Salmonella in the presence of F-Asn. However, F-Asn would need to be packaged with the FraB inhibitor or available in human foods. To determine if there are foods that have sufficient F-Asn, we measured F-Asn concentrations in a variety of human and animal foods. The 400 pmol/mg F-Asn found in mouse chow is sufficient to intoxicate a Salmonella fraB mutant in mouse models of salmonellosis, and several human foods were found to have F-Asn at this level or higher (fresh apricots, lettuce, asparagus, and canned peaches). Much higher concentrations (11 000-35 000 pmol/mg dry weight) were found in heat-dried apricots, apples, and asparagus. This report reveals possible origins of F-Asn as a nutrient source for Salmonella and identifies foods that could be used together with a FraB inhibitor as a therapeutic agent for Salmonella.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Ração Animal/análise
Asparagina/análise
Asparagus (Planta)/química
Frutose/análise
Malus/química
Prunus armeniaca/química
Solanum tuberosum/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Asparagus (Planta)/microbiologia
Temperatura Alta
Seres Humanos
Reação de Maillard
Malus/microbiologia
Prunus armeniaca/microbiologia
Salmonella enterica/genética
Salmonella enterica/metabolismo
Solanum tuberosum/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
30237-26-4 (Fructose); 7006-34-0 (Asparagine)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180205
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180205
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b04237


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[PMID]:28946320
[Au] Autor:Le Bourvellec C; Gouble B; Bureau S; Reling P; Bott R; Ribas-Agusti A; Audergon JM; Renard CMGC
[Ad] Endereço:UMR408 SQPOV « Sécurité et Qualité des Produits d'Origine Végétale ¼, INRA, Avignon University, F-84000 Avignon, France. Electronic address: carine.le-bourvellec@inra.fr.
[Ti] Título:Impact of canning and storage on apricot carotenoids and polyphenols.
[So] Source:Food Chem;240:615-625, 2018 Feb 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Apricot polyphenols and carotenoids were monitored after industrial and domestic cooking, and after 2months of storage for industrial processing. The main apricot polyphenols were flavan-3-ols, flavan-3-ol monomers and oligomers, with an average degree of polymerization between 4.7 and 10.7 and caffeoylquinic acids. Flavonols and anthocyanins were minor phenolic compounds. Upon processing procyanidins were retained in apricot tissue. Hydroxycinnamic acids, flavan-3-ol monomers, flavonols and anthocyanins leached in the syrup. Flavonol concentrations on per-can basis were significantly increased after processing. Industrial processing effects were higher than domestic cooking probably due to higher temperature and longer duration. After 2months of storage, among polyphenols only hydroxycinnamic acids, flavan-3-ol monomers and anthocyanins were reduced. Whichever the processing method, no significant reductions of total carotenoids were observed after processing. The cis-ß-carotene isomer was significantly increased after processing but with a lower extent in domestic cooking. Significant decreased in total carotenoid compounds occurred during storage.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prunus armeniaca
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Carotenoides
Flavonoides
Polifenóis
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Flavonoids); 0 (Polyphenols); 36-88-4 (Carotenoids)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170927
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28873655
[Au] Autor:Ghorab H; Lammi C; Arnoldi A; Kabouche Z; Aiello G
[Ad] Endereço:Université des Frères Mentouri-Constantine, Département de Chimie, Laboratoire d'Obtention des Substances Thérapeutiques (LOST), Campus Chaabet-Ersas, 25000 Constantine, Algeria.
[Ti] Título:Proteomic analysis of sweet algerian apricot kernels (Prunus armeniaca L.) by combinatorial peptide ligand libraries and LC-MS/MS.
[So] Source:Food Chem;239:935-945, 2018 Jan 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An investigation on the proteome of the sweet kernel of apricot, based on equalisation with combinatorial peptide ligand libraries (CPLLs), SDS-PAGE, nLC-ESI-MS/MS, and database search, permitted identifying 175 proteins. Gene ontology analysis indicated that their main molecular functions are in nucleotide binding (20.9%), hydrolase activities (10.6%), kinase activities (7%), and catalytic activity (5.6%). A protein-protein association network analysis using STRING software permitted to build an interactomic map of all detected proteins, characterised by 34 interactions. In order to forecast the potential health benefits deriving from the consumption of these proteins, the two most abundant, i.e. Prunin 1 and 2, were enzymatically digested in silico predicting 10 and 14 peptides, respectively. Searching their sequences in the database BIOPEP, it was possible to suggest a variety of bioactivities, including dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) and angiotensin converting enzyme I (ACE) inhibition, glucose uptake stimulation and antioxidant properties.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prunus armeniaca
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biblioteca de Peptídeos
Peptídeos
Proteômica
Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Peptide Library); 0 (Peptides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171128
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171128
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170907
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28812349
[Au] Autor:Derardja AE; Pretzler M; Kampatsikas I; Barkat M; Rompel A
[Ad] Endereço:Universität Wien , Fakultät für Chemie, Institut für Biophysikalische Chemie, Althanstraße 14, 1090 Wien, Austria.
[Ti] Título:Purification and Characterization of Latent Polyphenol Oxidase from Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.).
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(37):8203-8212, 2017 Sep 20.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Polyphenol oxidase from apricot (Prunus armeniaca) (PaPPO) was purified in its latent form (L-PaPPO), and the molecular weight was determined to be 63 kDa by SDS-PAGE. L-PaPPO was activated in the presence of substrate at low pH. The activity was enhanced by CuSO and low concentrations (≤ 2 mM) of SDS. PaPPO has its pH and temperature optimum at pH 4.5 and 45 °C for catechol as substrate. It showed diphenolase activity and highest affinity toward 4-methylcatechol (K = 2.0 mM) and chlorogenic acid (K = 2.7 mM). L-PaPPO was found to be spontaneously activated during storage at 4 °C, creating a new band at 38 kDa representing the activated form (A-PaPPO). The mass of A-PaPPO was determined by mass spectrometry as 37 455.6 Da (Asp102 → Leu429). Both L-PaPPO and A-PaPPO were identified as polyphenol oxidase corresponding to the known PaPPO sequence (UniProt O81103 ) by means of peptide mass fingerprinting.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Catecol Oxidase/química
Catecol Oxidase/isolamento & purificação
Proteínas de Plantas/química
Proteínas de Plantas/isolamento & purificação
Prunus armeniaca/enzimologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Catecol Oxidase/genética
Catecol Oxidase/metabolismo
Ácido Clorogênico/metabolismo
Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio
Cinética
Peso Molecular
Proteínas de Plantas/genética
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Prunus armeniaca/química
Prunus armeniaca/genética
Especificidade por Substrato
Temperatura Ambiente
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 318ADP12RI (Chlorogenic Acid); EC 1.10.3.1 (Catechol Oxidase)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170817
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.7b03210


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[PMID]:28441955
[Au] Autor:Muñoz-Sanz JV; Zuriaga E; López I; Badenes ML; Romero C
[Ad] Endereço:Fruit Tree Breeding Department, Instituto Valenciano de Investigaciones Agrarias (IVIA), CV-315, Km. 10,7., 46113, Moncada, Valencia, Spain.
[Ti] Título:Self-(in)compatibility in apricot germplasm is controlled by two major loci, S and M.
[So] Source:BMC Plant Biol;17(1):82, 2017 Apr 26.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2229
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) exhibits a gametophytic self-incompatibility (GSI) system and it is mostly considered as a self-incompatible species though numerous self-compatible exceptions occur. These are mainly linked to the mutated S -haplotype carrying an insertion in the S-locus F-box gene that leads to a truncated protein. However, two S-locus unlinked pollen-part mutations (PPMs) termed m and m' have also been reported to confer self-compatibility (SC) in the apricot cultivars 'Canino' and 'Katy', respectively. This work was aimed to explore whether other additional mutations might explain SC in apricot as well. RESULTS: A set of 67 cultivars/accessions with different geographic origins were analyzed by PCR-screening of the S- and M-loci genotypes, contrasting results with the available phenotype data. Up to 20 S-alleles, including 3 new ones, were detected and sequence analysis revealed interesting synonymies and homonymies in particular with S-alleles found in Chinese cultivars. Haplotype analysis performed by genotyping and determining linkage-phases of 7 SSR markers, showed that the m and m' PPMs are linked to the same m haplotype. Results indicate that m -haplotype is tightly associated with SC in apricot germplasm being quite frequent in Europe and North-America. However, its prevalence is lower than that for S in terms of frequency and geographic distribution. Structures of 34 additional M-haplotypes were inferred and analyzed to depict phylogenetic relationships and M was found to be the closest haplotype to m Genotyping results showed that four cultivars classified as self-compatible do not have neither the S - nor the m -haplotype. CONCLUSIONS: According to apricot germplasm S-genotyping, a loss of genetic diversity affecting the S-locus has been produced probably due to crop dissemination. Genotyping and phenotyping data support that self-(in)compatibility in apricot relies mainly on the S- but also on the M-locus. Regarding this latter, we have shown that the m -haplotype associated with SC is shared by 'Canino', 'Katy' and many other cultivars. Its origin is still unknown but phylogenetic analysis supports that m arose later in time than S from a widely distributed M-haplotype. Lastly, other mutants putatively carrying new mutations conferring SC have also been identified deserving future research.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Prunus armeniaca/genética
Autoincompatibilidade em Angiospermas/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Genótipo
Mutação
Filogeografia
Pólen/genética
Prunus armeniaca/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171108
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171108
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170427
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12870-017-1027-1


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[PMID]:28399812
[Au] Autor:Zhang X; Zhang L; Zhang Q; Xu J; Liu W; Dong W
[Ad] Endereço:College of Horticulture, Shenyang Agricultural University, Shenyang, 110866, China.
[Ti] Título:Comparative transcriptome profiling and morphology provide insights into endocarp cleaving of apricot cultivar (Prunus armeniaca L.).
[So] Source:BMC Plant Biol;17(1):72, 2017 Apr 11.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2229
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: A complete and hardened endocarp is a typical trait of drupe fruits. However, the 'Liehe' (LE) apricot cultivar has a thin, soft, cleavable endocarp that represents 60.39% and 63.76% of the thickness and lignin content, respectively, of the 'Jinxihong' (JG) apricot (with normal hardened-endocarp). To understand the molecular mechanisms behind the LE apricot phenotype, comparative transcriptomes of Prunus armeniaca L. were sequenced using Illumina HiSeq™ 2500. RESULTS: In this study, we identified 63,170 unigenes including 15,469 genes >1000 bp and 25,356 genes with Gene Function annotation. Pathway enrichment and expression patterns were used to characterize differentially expression genes. The DEGs encoding key enzymes involved in phenylpropanoid biosynthesis were significantly down-regulated in LE apricot. For example, CAD gene expression levels, encoding cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase, were only 1.3%, 0.7%, 0.2% and 2.7% in LE apricot compared with JG cultivar at 15, 21, 30, 49 days after full bloom (DAFB). Furthermore, transcription factors regulating secondary wall and lignin biosynthesis were identified. Especially for SECONDARY WALL THICKENING PROMOTING FACTOR 1 (NST 1), its expression levels in LE apricot were merely 2.8% and 9.3% compared with JG cultivar at 15 and 21 DAFB, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our comparative transcriptome analysis was used to understand the molecular mechanisms underlie the endocarp-cleaving phenotype in LE apricot. This new apricot genomic resource and the candidate genes provide a useful reference for further investigating the lignification during development of apricot endocarp. Transcription factors such as NST1 may regulate genes involved in phenylpropanoid pathway and affect development and lignification of the endocarp.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Frutas/fisiologia
Prunus armeniaca/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Frutas/genética
Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas
Prunus armeniaca/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Prunus armeniaca/fisiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171010
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171010
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170413
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12870-017-1023-5


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[PMID]:28317727
[Au] Autor:Akamatsu F; Oe T; Hashiguchi T; Hisatsune Y; Kawao T; Fujii T
[Ad] Endereço:National Research Institute of Brewing, 3-7-1 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, Hiroshima 739-0046, Japan. Electronic address: akamatsu99@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Application of carbon and hydrogen stable isotope analyses to detect exogenous citric acid in Japanese apricot liqueur.
[So] Source:Food Chem;228:297-300, 2017 Aug 01.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Japanese apricot liqueur manufacturers are required to control the quality and authenticity of their liqueur products. Citric acid made from corn is the main acidulant used in commercial liqueurs. In this study, we conducted spiking experiments and carbon and hydrogen stable isotope analyses to detect exogenous citric acid used as an acidulant in Japanese apricot liqueurs. Our results showed that the δ C values detected exogenous citric acid originating from C plants but not from C plants. The δ H values of citric acid decreased as the amount of citric acid added increased, whether the citric acid originated from C or C plants. Commercial liqueurs with declared added acidulant provided higher δ C values and lower δ H values than did authentic liqueurs and commercial liqueurs with no declared added acidulant. Carbon and hydrogen stable isotope analyses are suitable as routine methods for detecting exogenous citric acid in Japanese apricot liqueur.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Isótopos de Carbono/química
Ácido Cítrico/química
Isótopos/química
Prunus armeniaca/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bebidas Alcoólicas/análise
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático
Isótopos de Carbono/análise
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Carbon Isotopes); 0 (Isotopes); 2968PHW8QP (Citric Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170501
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170501
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170321
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28267924
[Au] Autor:Mittelberger C; Yalcinkaya H; Pichler C; Gasser J; Scherzer G; Erhart T; Schumacher S; Holzner B; Janik K; Robatscher P; Müller T; Kräutler B; Oberhuber M
[Ad] Endereço:Laimburg Research Center , Laimburg 6 - Pfatten (Vadena), 39040 Auer (Ora), BZ, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Pathogen-Induced Leaf Chlorosis: Products of Chlorophyll Breakdown Found in Degreened Leaves of Phytoplasma-Infected Apple (Malus × domestica Borkh.) and Apricot (Prunus armeniaca L.) Trees Relate to the Pheophorbide a Oxygenase/Phyllobilin Pathway.
[So] Source:J Agric Food Chem;65(13):2651-2660, 2017 Apr 05.
[Is] ISSN:1520-5118
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Phytoplasmoses such as apple proliferation (AP) and European stone fruit yellows (ESFY) cause severe economic losses in fruit production. A common symptom of both phytoplasma diseases is early yellowing or leaf chlorosis. Even though chlorosis is a well-studied symptom of biotic and abiotic stresses, its biochemical pathways are hardly known. In particular, in this context, a potential role of the senescence-related pheophorbide a oxygenase/phyllobilin (PaO/PB) pathway is elusive, which degrades chlorophyll (Chl) to phyllobilins (PBs), most notably to colorless nonfluorescent Chl catabolites (NCCs). In this work, we identified the Chl catabolites in extracts of healthy senescent apple and apricot leaves. In extracts of apple tree leaves, a total of 12 Chl catabolites were detected, and in extracts of leaves of the apricot tree 16 Chl catabolites were found. The seven major NCC fractions in the leaves of both fruit tree species were identical and displayed known structures. All of the major Chl catabolites were also found in leaf extracts from AP- or ESFY-infected trees, providing the first evidence that the PaO/PB pathway is relevant also for pathogen-induced chlorosis. This work supports the hypothesis that Chl breakdown in senescence and phytoplasma infection proceeds via a common pathway in some members of the Rosaceae family.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Clorofila/análogos & derivados
Clorofila/metabolismo
Malus/microbiologia
Oxigenases/metabolismo
Phytoplasma/fisiologia
Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
Prunus armeniaca/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Malus/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/metabolismo
Folhas de Planta/microbiologia
Prunus armeniaca/metabolismo
Árvores/metabolismo
Árvores/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Plant Proteins); 1406-65-1 (Chlorophyll); EC 1.13.- (Oxygenases); IA2WNI2HO2 (pheophorbide a)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170605
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170605
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170308
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1021/acs.jafc.6b05501


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[PMID]:28193437
[Au] Autor:Liu H; Chen F; Lai S; Tao J; Yang H; Jiao Z
[Ad] Endereço:Zhengzhou Fruit Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Science, Zhengzhou, Henan 450009, PR China.
[Ti] Título:Effects of calcium treatment and low temperature storage on cell wall polysaccharide nanostructures and quality of postharvest apricot (Prunus armeniaca).
[So] Source:Food Chem;225:87-97, 2017 Jun 15.
[Is] ISSN:0308-8146
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cell wall polysaccharides play an important role in postharvest fruit texture softening. Effects of calcium treatment combined with cold storage on the physical properties, polysaccharide content and nanostructure of apricots were investigated. Apricots were immersed in distilled water, 1% or 3% w/v calcium chloride, then stored at 5°C or 10°C. Storage at 5°C significantly improved apricot quality and shelf life. Significant changes in the concentration and nanostructure of cell wall pectins and hemicelluloses revealed their disassembly and degradation during apricot storage. These modifications could be retarded by 1% w/v calcium chloride treatment. Meanwhile, the basic width units of apricot cell wall polysaccharide chains were 11.7, 31.2 and 39.1nm for water-soluble pectin, 11.7, 17.6 and 19.5nm for chelate-soluble pectin, and 15.6 and 23.4nm for hemicellulose. The results suggest that texture of apricots can be effectively maintained by 1% calcium chloride treatment and storage at 5°C.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Cálcio/química
Armazenamento de Alimentos/métodos
Frutas/química
Pectinas/química
Polissacarídeos/química
Prunus armeniaca/química
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Configuração de Carboidratos
Parede Celular/química
Temperatura Baixa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Pectins); 0 (Polysaccharides); 8024-50-8 (hemicellulose); SY7Q814VUP (Calcium)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170504
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170504
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28188445
[Au] Autor:Imrak B; Küden A; Yurtkulu V; Kafkas E; Ercisli S; Kafkas S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Horticulture, Faculty of Agriculture, Çukurova University, Adana, 01330, Turkey. bimrak@cu.edu.tr.
[Ti] Título:Evaluation of Some Phenological and Biochemical Characteristics of Selected New Late Flowering Dried Apricot Cultivars.
[So] Source:Biochem Genet;55(3):234-243, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1573-4927
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In this study, promising candidates of six apricot genotypes were compared with our local and major cultivar (Hacihaliloglu) based on their phenological, pomological, and biochemical characteristics. Fruit weight, stone weight, flesh firmness, flesh fruit/stone ratio, TSS (Total soluble solids), glucose, fructose, sucrose, total phenols, total antioxidant activity (FRAP and ABTS assays) and bud break, first bloom, full bloom, and harvesting date of apricot cultivar candidates were compared with cultivar Hacihaliloglu 'HH.' According to the obtained results, the higher content of total phenolic compounds and total antioxidant activity was determined in the N95 genotype (96.87 µmol TE/g) fruit, whereas the 'HH' cultivar was characterized by the lower value (94.6 µmol TE/g) especially determined by FRAP method. Individual sugars and the soluble solids content of fruit differed between selected genotypes and 'HH' cultivar. Glucose, fructose, and sucrose contents were higher in all selected genotypes than in Hacihaliloglu cultivar.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biomarcadores/análise
Flores/metabolismo
Frutas/química
Prunus armeniaca/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antioxidantes/análise
Carboidratos/análise
Flores/genética
Genótipo
Minerais/análise
Oxirredução
Fenóis/análise
Fenótipo
Prunus armeniaca/genética
Prunus armeniaca/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EVALUATION STUDIES; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antioxidants); 0 (Biomarkers); 0 (Carbohydrates); 0 (Minerals); 0 (Phenols)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170623
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170623
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170212
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s10528-017-9792-y



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