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  1 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29236926
[Au] Autor:Eslabão MR; Kremer FS; Ramos RTJ; Silva ALDCD; Azevedo VAC; Pinto LDS; Silva ÉFD; Dellagostin OA
[Ad] Endereço:Núcleo de Biotecnologia, Universidade Federal de Pelotas, Capão do Leão, RS, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Genome of Leptospira borgpetersenii strain 4E, a highly virulent isolate obtained from Mus musculus in southern Brazil.
[So] Source:Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz;113(2):137-141, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1678-8060
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A previous study by our group reported the isolation and characterisation of Leptospira borgpetersenii serogroup Ballum strain 4E. This strain is of particular interest because it is highly virulent in the hamster model. In this study, we performed whole-genome shotgun genome sequencing of the strain using the SOLiD sequencing platform. By assembling and analysing the new genome, we were able to identify novel features that have been previously overlooked in genome annotations of other strains belonging to the same species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira/genética
Leptospira/patogenicidade
Virulência/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Leptospira/classificação
Camundongos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29173242
[Au] Autor:Minter A; Diggle PJ; Costa F; Childs J; Ko AI; Begon M
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Integrative Biology, The University of Liverpool,Liverpool,UK.
[Ti] Título:Evidence of multiple intraspecific transmission routes for Leptospira acquisition in Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus).
[So] Source:Epidemiol Infect;145(16):3438-3448, 2017 12.
[Is] ISSN:1469-4409
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Infectious diseases frequently have multiple potential routes of intraspecific transmission of pathogens within wildlife and other populations. For pathogens causing zoonotic diseases, knowing whether these transmission routes occur in the wild and their relative importance, is critical for understanding maintenance, improving control measures and ultimately preventing human disease. The Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus) is the primary reservoir of leptospirosis in the urban slums of Salvador, Brazil. There is biological evidence for potentially three different transmission routes of leptospire infection occurring in the rodent population. Using newly obtained prevalence data from rodents trapped at an urban slum field site, we present changes in cumulative risk of infection in relation to age-dependent transmission routes to infer which intra-specific transmission routes occur in the wild. We found that a significant proportion of animals leave the nest with infection and that the risk of infection increases throughout the lifetime of Norway rats. We did not observe a significant effect of sexual maturity on the risk of infection. In conclusion, our results suggest that vertical and environmental transmission of leptospirosis both occur in wild populations of Norway rats.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira
Leptospirose
Doenças dos Roedores
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Peso Corporal
Brasil/epidemiologia
Portador Sadio/epidemiologia
Portador Sadio/transmissão
Portador Sadio/veterinária
Feminino
Transmissão Vertical de Doença Infecciosa
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/transmissão
Leptospirose/veterinária
Masculino
Prevalência
Ratos
Doenças dos Roedores/epidemiologia
Doenças dos Roedores/transmissão
Análise de Sobrevida
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180215
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180215
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171128
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1017/S0950268817002539


  3 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29239713
[Au] Autor:Puche R; Ferrés I; Caraballo L; Rangel Y; Picardeau M; Takiff H; Iraola G
[Ad] Endereço:1​Unidad de Estudios Genéticos y Forenses, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas, Venezuela.
[Ti] Título:Leptospira venezuelensis sp. nov., a new member of the intermediate group isolated from rodents, cattle and humans.
[So] Source:Int J Syst Evol Microbiol;68(2):513-517, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1466-5034
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Three strains, CLM-U50 , CLM-R50 and IVIC-Bov1, belonging to the genus Leptospira, were isolated in Venezuela from a patient with leptospirosis, a domestic rat (Rattus norvegicus) and a cow (Bos taurus), respectively. The initial characterisation of these strains based on the rrs gene (16S rRNA) suggested their designation as a novel species within the 'intermediates' group of the genus Leptospira. Further phylogenomic characterisation based on single copy core genes was consistent with their separation into a novel species. The average nucleotide identity between these three strains was >99 %, but below 89 % with respect to any previously described leptospiral species, also supporting their designation as a novel species. Given this evidence, these three isolates were considered to represent a novel species, for which the name Leptospiravenezuelensis sp. nov. is proposed, with CLM-U50 (=CIP 111407 =DSM 105752 ) as the type strain.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira/classificação
Filogenia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana
Composição de Bases
Bovinos/microbiologia
DNA Bacteriano/genética
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/genética
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/microbiologia
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Ratos/microbiologia
Análise de Sequência de DNA
Venezuela
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180212
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180212
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171215
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/ijsem.0.002528


  4 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29233193
[Au] Autor:Rajala EL; Sattorov N; Boqvist S; Magnusson U
[Ad] Endereço:Division of Reproduction, Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, P.O. Box 7054, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden. elisabeth.rajala@slu.se.
[Ti] Título:Bovine leptospirosis in urban and peri-urban dairy farming in low-income countries: a "One Health" issue?
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;59(1):83, 2017 Dec 12.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Global trends in urbanization are increasing the spread of neglected zoonotic infections such as leptospirosis, and reducing the number of human cases of leptospirosis is best accomplished by controlling the infection in the animal reservoir. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Leptospira borgpetersenii serovar Hardjo and L. interrogans serovar Hardjo (L. Hardjo) exposure and to assess the associated risk factors for infection in small-scale dairy farming in the urban and peri-urban area of Dushanbe, Tajikistan. The true individual seroprevalence among the dairy cows was 13%, and the level of seroprevalence was positively associated with older cows and with communal grazing practices. The study shows that dairy cows are commonly exposed to L. Hardjo in the study region, and this constitutes a public health risk and demonstrates the importance of including urban and peri-urban areas, where large numbers of humans and animals coexist, when investigating zoonotic infections and when planning and implementing control measures for cattle-associated leptospirosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Bovinos
Doenças dos Bovinos/sangue
Indústria de Laticínios/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/imunologia
Leptospirose/sangue
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Saúde Única
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
População Urbana
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Bacterial)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180202
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180202
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171214
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0352-6


  5 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28450486
[Au] Autor:Cutler SJ
[Ad] Endereço:Professor of Medical Microbiology, School of Health, Sports & Bioscience, University of East London, London, UK; e-mail: s.cutler@uel.ac.uk.
[Ti] Título:Adding a further twist to the tail of leptospirosis in the UK.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;180(17):422-423, 2017 04 29.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira/genética
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Sorogrupo
Reino Unido
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180117
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180117
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170429
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.j1985


  6 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28459229
[Au] Autor:Puca E; Majko J; Puca E; Qyra E; Gega A; Pipero P
[Ad] Endereço:University Hospital Center, Tirana, Albania. edmond_puca@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Acute encephalitis as initial presentation of leptospirosis.
[So] Source:J Infect Dev Ctries;11(4):361-363, 2017 Apr 30.
[Is] ISSN:1972-2680
[Cp] País de publicação:Italy
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Encephalitis is an acute inflammation of the brain matter, very often associated with viral infections, but it can also be caused by non-viral pathogens such as leptospirosis. Leptospirosis is a systemic disease caused by bacteria of the Leptospira genus. Leptospiral infection has a broad spectrum of clinical manifestations ranging from subclinical or mild illness to a fulminant life-threatening illness. In this case report we describe a young patient from Southern Albania with isolated encephalitis caused by Leptospira, where acute encephalitis was the initial presentation of the disease.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Encefalite/etiologia
Encefalite/patologia
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/diagnóstico
Leptospirose/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Albânia
Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170502
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3855/jidc.8613


  7 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29284246
[Au] Autor:Vasylieva N; Andreychyn M; Kravchuk Y; Chervinska О; Iosyk I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology, I. Ya. Horbachevsky State Medical University, Ternopil, Ukraine. Vasylyeva@tdmu.edu.ua.
[Ti] Título:Changes in leptospirosis etiology in animals and humans.
[So] Source:Ann Agric Environ Med;24(4):671-675, 2017 Dec 23.
[Is] ISSN:1898-2263
[Cp] País de publicação:Poland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:INTRODUCTION: Leptospirosis is endemic in Ternopil region. In Ukraine, the disease is registered in almost all regions, including the Ternopil region. The aim of the research is to study the regularities of epidemic and epizootic processes of leptospirosis, and the circulation of its pathogens among different sources (small mammals, animals) and humans. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Etiologic spectrum of leptospirosis registered in Ternopil region in 1972-2016 among small mammals, farm animals and sick people was studied. RESULTS: Due to the analysis of pathogens circulation among different sources (small mammals, animals), as well as the annual morbidity in humans, it was proved that new leptospira serovars are endemic and brought into the regions mostly by farm animals. Farm animals introduce the infection to humans through the environment, sometimes within 3-5-years. The spread was observed of pathogen serovars, which are new in certain areas, among all types of mouse-like small mammals and rats. It was established that livestock and small mammals are parallel reservoirs. CONCLUSIONS: In the regions with endemic species, the structural modification in the etiology of leptospirosis in humans is caused by additional reservoirs among animals, as well as the circulation of other pathogen serovars that were absent in the main natural reservoir, i.e. mouse-like small mammals and rats. The constant monitoring of the population, contamination and carrier state of mouse-like small mammals, rats and farm animals, is required In order to predict the future epidemiological situation on leptospirosis among the population and to improve leptospirosis diagnosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Leptospira/fisiologia
Leptospirose/microbiologia
Leptospirose/veterinária
Mamíferos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Domésticos/microbiologia
Portador Sadio/microbiologia
Reservatórios de Doenças/microbiologia
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/genética
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Gado/microbiologia
Ucrânia/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180105
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180105
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171230
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28468604
[Au] Autor:Giry C; Roquebert B; Li-Pat-Yuen G; Gasque P; Jaffar-Bandjee MC
[Ad] Endereço:Centre National Arbovirus Associé, CHU de la Réunion-Site Nord, Saint-Denis, Réunion, France. claude.giry@chu-reunion.fr.
[Ti] Título:Simultaneous detection of chikungunya virus, dengue virus and human pathogenic Leptospira genomes using a multiplex TaqMan® assay.
[So] Source:BMC Microbiol;17(1):105, 2017 05 03.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2180
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In 2005-2006 a major epidemics of Chikungunya disease occurred in South-West Indian Ocean islands. In Reunion Island, the magnitude of Chikungunya infection related symptoms was high and with over 38% of serological prevalence in the population. This epidemics illustrated the potential threat of emerging arboviral diseases for inhabitants of Reunion Island and elsewhere since vectors are worldwide distributed. A sentinel surveillance network was set-up to detect emerging pathogens associated with fever over 38 °C and in the absence of known etiologic causes. Leptospirosis is caused by a pathogenic spirochete of the Leptospira genus and is an endemic and recurrent seasonal disease of great concern in Reunion Island. To accurately diagnose potentially infected patients and to advise Health authorities on the presence of emerging pathogens, a rapid diagnostic test was needed that could differentiate between these 3 pathogens. METHODS: A one-step multiplex real-time PCR assay was developed that can simultaneously detect RNA of Chikungunya and Dengue viruses and leptospiral DNA with good performance for a routine diagnostic use. RESULTS: Simplex protocols already published were used with key modifications to implement a triplex assay which was set-up with a small reaction volume to improve cost efficiency. CONCLUSIONS: This approach has enabled greater diagnostic capacity in our laboratory. We established a multiplex approach validated and valuable for cost savings, and with the concurrent detection of 3 pathogens of public health concern.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vírus Chikungunya/genética
Vírus da Dengue/genética
Leptospira/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Multiplex/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Febre de Chikungunya/diagnóstico
Febre de Chikungunya/virologia
Vírus Chikungunya/patogenicidade
DNA Bacteriano/genética
DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação
Dengue/diagnóstico
Dengue/virologia
Vírus da Dengue/patogenicidade
Genoma Bacteriano
Genoma Viral
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/patogenicidade
Leptospirose/diagnóstico
Leptospirose/microbiologia
Patologia Molecular/métodos
RNA Viral/genética
RNA Viral/isolamento & purificação
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
Alinhamento de Sequência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (RNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171220
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171220
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170505
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12866-017-1019-1


  9 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28934773
[Au] Autor:Benschop J; Collins-Emerson J; Maskill A; O'Connor P; Tunbridge M; Yupiana Y; Weston J
[Ad] Endereço:Co-Director and Senior Lecturer, Molecular Epidemiology and Public Health Laboratory, Institute of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Massey University, Palmerston North and Global Leptospirosis Environmental Action Network.
[Ti] Título:Leptospirosis in three workers on a dairy farm with unvaccinated cattle.
[So] Source:N Z Med J;130(1462):102-108, 2017 09 22.
[Is] ISSN:1175-8716
[Cp] País de publicação:New Zealand
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:AIM: We report a one-health investigation of three cases of leptospirosis on a dairy farm with unvaccinated cattle in New Zealand. The cases are discussed in the context of diagnostics, risk factors, persistence of symptoms and outbreak mitigation measures. METHOD: Clinical and laboratory records from the human cases were reviewed and serological and molecular investigations were conducted into the Leptospira status of cattle and pigs on the farm. RESULTS: Cases presented early in their illness and all three were confirmed within seven days of onset of symptoms by urine PCR and within 18 days by convalescent MAT (two Hardjo, one Pomona). Cattle and pigs had serological evidence of recent infection with Hardjo/Pomona and Pomona/Copenhageni respectively. Pigs were slaughtered and cattle were vaccinated. Post-exposure prophylaxis was given to staff in-contact with the milking herd until the herd had antibiotic treatment at drying-off (approximately four months after the initial case). CONCLUSION: The utility of PCR testing for Leptospira DNA as both an early and rapid test for leptospirosis was demonstrated. Two of three cases reported persistence of symptoms at least six months after the acute episode and one of these remains unable to work. Risk mitigation measures such as post-exposure prophylaxis, animal vaccination, heightened clinical suspicion of leptospirosis and recognition of context specific risk factors (eg, effluent spreading) demonstrate the value of medical and veterinary experts working together.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
Leptospirose/diagnóstico
Leptospirose/tratamento farmacológico
Vacinação/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Bovinos/microbiologia
Ceftriaxona/uso terapêutico
Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico
Fazendas
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Leptospira
Masculino
Nova Zelândia
Fatores de Risco
Suínos/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anti-Bacterial Agents); 0 (Antibodies, Bacterial); 75J73V1629 (Ceftriaxone); N12000U13O (Doxycycline)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170922
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 3194 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28915243
[Au] Autor:Riediger IN; Stoddard RA; Ribeiro GS; Nakatani SM; Moreira SDR; Skraba I; Biondo AW; Reis MG; Hoffmaster AR; Vinetz JM; Ko AI; Wunder EA
[Ad] Endereço:Molecular Biology Section, Central Laboratory of the State of Paraná, Curitiba, Paraná Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Rapid, actionable diagnosis of urban epidemic leptospirosis using a pathogenic Leptospira lipL32-based real-time PCR assay.
[So] Source:PLoS Negl Trop Dis;11(9):e0005940, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1935-2735
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: With a conservatively estimated 1 million cases of leptospirosis worldwide and a 5-10% fatality rate, the rapid diagnosis of leptospirosis leading to effective clinical and public health decision making is of high importance, and yet remains a challenge. METHODOLOGY: Based on parallel, population-based studies in two leptospirosis-endemic regions in Brazil, a real-time PCR assay which detects lipL32, a gene specifically present in pathogenic Leptospira, was assessed for the diagnostic effectiveness and accuracy. Patients identified by active hospital-based surveillance in Salvador and Curitiba during large urban leptospirosis epidemics were tested. Real-time PCR reactions were performed with DNA-extracted samples obtained from 127 confirmed and 23 unconfirmed cases suspected of leptospirosis, 122 patients with an acute febrile illness other than leptospirosis, and 60 healthy blood donors. PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The PCR assay had a limit of detection of 280 Leptospira genomic equivalents/mL. Sensitivity for confirmed cases was 61% for whole blood and 29% for serum samples. Sensitivity was higher (86%) for samples collected within the first 6 days after onset of illness compared to those collected after 7 days (34%). The real-time PCR assay was able to detect leptospiral DNA in blood from 56% of serological non-confirmed cases. The overall specificity of the assay was 99%. CONCLUSIONS: These findings indicate that real-time PCR may be a reliable tool for early diagnosis of leptospirosis, which is decisive for clinical management of severe and life-threatening cases and for public health decision making.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/genética
Epidemias
Leptospira/isolamento & purificação
Leptospirose/diagnóstico
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Lipoproteínas/genética
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Brasil/epidemiologia
DNA Bacteriano/genética
DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Leptospira/genética
Leptospirose/sangue
Leptospirose/microbiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Bacterial Outer Membrane Proteins); 0 (DNA, Bacterial); 0 (LipL32 protein, Leptospira); 0 (Lipoproteins); 0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171023
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171023
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170916
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005940



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