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[PMID]:28710983
[Au] Autor:Liu H; Zhu L; Tian X; Yin Y
[Ad] Endereço:College of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, 310014, PR China. Electronic address: lhyzyy@zjut.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Seasonal variation of bacterial community in biological aerated filter for ammonia removal in drinking water treatment.
[So] Source:Water Res;123:668-677, 2017 Oct 15.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2448
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Biological aerated filter (BAF) is widely used in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) and shows potential application of micropolluted drinking water sources with a higher NH -N removal efficiency during short warm seasons. Here we adopted a pilot lava-based BAF setup as a pretreatment unit of drinking water treatment plant (DWTP) and achieved a great performance of ammonia removal over a two-year operation using natural river water. We respectively observed 92.62% of NH -N removal efficiency, 97.88% of NO -N removal efficiency in summer, and 77.52% NH -N removal efficiency in winter down to 5 °C. Based on DGGE analysis, AOB, NOB, as well as heterotrophic bacteria including genus Flavobacterium and Sphingomonas are responsible for the performance. Nitrosomonas and Nitrospira are found to be the dominant AOB and NOB in the BAF microbiota. The compositions of AOB including Nitrosomonas communis and Nitrosomonas oligotropha are different from the strains previously reported in BAF of WWTPs but similar to the observations in DWPTs. We observed seasonal bacterial shifts between summer and winter groups involved in AOB, NOB and heterotrophic genus Flavobacterium, which may be responsible for the seasonal performance fluctuation. The psychrophilic AOB belonging to Nitrosomonas likely contribute to the recovered NH -N removal efficiency when temperature is below 7 °C. Lack of nitrification functional psychrophilic or psychrotolerant NOB may be in charge of the severe nitrite accumulation below 7 °C. Our analysis suggests that the colonization of psychrophilic nitrifying bacteria in BAF needs at least two-year of natural acclimatization and is necessary for all-weather BAF in DWTPs.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia/química
Estações do Ano
Purificação da Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Nitritos
Nitrobacter
Nitrosomonas
Oxirredução
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nitrites); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171019
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171019
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170716
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28624728
[Au] Autor:Zheng M; Zuo Z; Zhang Y; Cui Y; Dong Q; Liu Y; Huang X; Yuan Z
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, 100084, China; Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St Lucia, QLD 4072, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Nitrite production from urine for sulfide control in sewers.
[So] Source:Water Res;122:447-454, 2017 Oct 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2448
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Most commonly used methods for sewer sulfide control involves dosing chemical agents to wastewater, which incurs high operational costs. Here, we propose and demonstrate a cost-effective and environmentally attractive approach to sewer sulfide control through urine separation and its subsequent conversion to nitrite prior to intermittent dosage to sewers. Urine collected from a male toilet urinal was fed to laboratory-scale sequencing batch reactors. The reactors stably converted roughly 50% of the nitrogen in urine to nitrite, with high abundance (at 17.46%) of known ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) of the genus Nitrosomonas, and absence (below detection level) of typical nitrite-oxidizing bacteria of the genus Nitrospira, according to 454 pyrosequencing analysis. The stable nitrite production was achieved at both relatively high (1.0-2.0 mg/L) and low (0.2-0.3 mg/L) dissolved oxygen concentrations. Dosing tests in laboratory-scale sewer systems confirmed the sulfide control effectiveness of free nitrous acid generated from urine. Life cycle assessment indicated that, compared with commodity chemicals, nitrite/free nitrous acid (FNA) production from urine for sulfide control in sewers would lower the operational costs by approximately 2/3 and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 1/3 in 20 years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nitritos
Esgotos
Sulfetos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Nitrosomonas
Ácido Nitroso
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Nitrites); 0 (Sewage); 0 (Sulfides); T2I5UM75DN (Nitrous Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171013
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171013
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170619
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28521159
[Au] Autor:Cheng Q; Nengzi L; Bao L; Huang Y; Liu S; Cheng X; Li B; Zhang J
[Ad] Endereço:College of Resources and Environment, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, PR China; Key Laboratory for Yellow River and Huaihe River Water Environment and Pollution Control Ministry of Education, Henan Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution Control, School of Environment
[Ti] Título:Distribution and genetic diversity of microbial populations in the pilot-scale biofilter for simultaneous removal of ammonia, iron and manganese from real groundwater.
[So] Source:Chemosphere;182:450-457, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-1298
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A pilot-scale biofilter treating real groundwater was developed in this study, which showed that ammonia, iron and manganese were mainly removed at 0.4, 0.4 and 0.8 m of the filter bed, respectively, and the corresponding removal efficiencies were 90.82%, 95.48% and 95.90% in steady phase, respectively. The variation of microbial populations in the biofilter during start-up process was also investigated using high-throughput pyrosequencing (HTP). Results indicated that the main functional microbes for ammonia, iron and manganese removal were Nitrosomonas, Crenothrix and Crenothrix, respectively, which was mainly distributed at 0.8, 0, and 0.8 m of the filter bed with a corresponding abundance of 8.7%, 28.12% and 11.33% in steady phase, respectively. Kinds of other bacteria which may be related to methane, hydrogen sulfide and organic matter removal, were also found. In addition, small part of archaea was also detected, such as Candidatus Nitrososphaera, which plays a role in nitritation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia/análise
Filtração/métodos
Água Subterrânea
Ferro/análise
Manganês/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
Purificação da Água/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Gammaproteobacteria/genética
Gammaproteobacteria/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Variação Genética
Água Subterrânea/química
Água Subterrânea/microbiologia
Nitrosomonas/genética
Nitrosomonas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Projetos Piloto
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); 42Z2K6ZL8P (Manganese); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia); E1UOL152H7 (Iron)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170921
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170921
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170519
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28399415
[Au] Autor:Wang S; Liu Y; Niu Q; Ji J; Hojo T; Li YY
[Ad] Endereço:School of Environmental and Municipal Engineering, Tianjin Chengjian University, 26# Jinjing Road, Tianjin 300384, China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Aquatic Science and Technology, 26# Jinjing Road, Tianjin 300384, China.
[Ti] Título:Nitrogen removal performance and loading capacity of a novel single-stage nitritation-anammox system with syntrophic micro-granules.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;236:119-128, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The operation performance of a novel micro-granule based syntrophic system of nitritation and anammox was studied by controlling the oxygen concentration and maintaining a constant temperature of 25°C. With the oxygen concentration of around 0.11 (<0.15)mg/L, the single-stage nitritation-anammox system was startup successfully at a nitrogen loading rate (NLR) of 1.5kgN/m /d. The reactor was successfully operated at volumetric N loadings ranging from 0.5 to 2.5kgN/m /d with a high nitrogen removal of 82%. The microbial community was composed by ammonia oxidizing bacteria (AOB) and anammox bacteria forming micro-granules with an average diameter of 0.8mm and good settleability. Results from pyrosequencing analysis revealed that Ca. Kuenenia and Nitrosomonas were selected and enriched in the community over the startup period, and these were identified as the dominant anammox bacteria and AOB species, respectively.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias
Desnitrificação
Nitrogênio
Nitrosomonas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170605
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170605
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170412
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28334087
[Au] Autor:Luo J; Chen H; Han X; Sun Y; Yuan Z; Guo J
[Ad] Endereço:Advanced Water Management Centre, University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland 4072, Australia.
[Ti] Título:Microbial community structure and biodiversity of size-fractionated granules in a partial nitritation-anammox process.
[So] Source:FEMS Microbiol Ecol;93(6), 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:1574-6941
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The performance of a granule-based partial nitritation-anammox process is expected to be affected by the granule size distribution, but little is known about the impact of granule size on microbial community structure and diversity. To reveal how the microbial composition and diversity vary with granule size, granules from a partial nitritation-anammox reactor were size-fractionated into five classes (<0.2, 0.2-0.5, 0.5-0.8, 0.8-1.0 and >1.0 mm). Microbial communities and diversity in these size-fractionated granules were investigated using 16S rRNA gene high-throughput sequencing. It was found that larger granules harbor more diverse microbial communities than small granules. Both quantitative PCR and 16S rRNA gene sequencing indicated that the abundance of anammox bacteria (dominated by Candidatus Brocadia) exhibited an increasing trend with granule size. In contrast, the abundance of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (Nitrosomonas) decreased with increasing granule size. Moreover, larger granules harbored more diverse anammox bacteria, with four genera found in the largest granules while only two with limited abundance were detected in the smallest granules. The findings highlight an important role for granule size in shaping community structure and biodiversity.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia/metabolismo
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
Consórcios Microbianos/genética
Nitrosomonas/genética
Nitrosomonas/metabolismo
Planctomycetales/genética
Planctomycetales/metabolismo
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Biodiversidade
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Nitrogênio/metabolismo
Oxirredução
RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (RNA, Ribosomal, 16S); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170324
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1093/femsec/fix021


  6 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27914786
[Au] Autor:Liu W; Yang D
[Ad] Endereço:State Key Laboratory of Pollution Control and Resource Reuse, School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai, China.
[Ti] Título:Evaluating the feasibility of ratio control strategy for achieving partial nitritation in a continuous floccular sludge reactor: Experimental demonstration.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;224:94-100, 2017 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To investigate the applicability of ratio control strategy to other systems, a continuous floccular sludge reactor was used in this study. It was found that nitrite accumulation was barely detected throughout 70days' investigation, being the average concentration in the effluent of 0.7±0.4mg/L. Batch experiments indicated that low dissolved oxygen (DO<0.3mg·L ) greatly repressed the ammonium oxidizing bacteria (AOB) but only slightly inhibited the nitrite oxidizing bacteria (NOB). However, high-throughput sequencing revealed that the ratio of abundance between Nitrospira and Nitrosomonas, being the dominant NOB and AOB respectively, was considerably low (1.2%/18.7%). The weak oxygen gradients in floccular sludge and the selectively enriched K-strategist NOB Nitrospira under oxygen-limited conditions were both contributed to the failure of achieving partial nitritation; therefore, the rapid start-up of partial nitritation process based on proposed ratio control strategy is not feasible for continuous floccular sludge systems treating low-strength wastewater.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Nitritos/análise
Águas Residuais/química
Purificação da Água/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Compostos de Amônio/análise
Compostos de Amônio/química
Compostos de Amônio/metabolismo
Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
Nitritos/química
Nitritos/metabolismo
Nitrosomonas/classificação
Nitrosomonas/metabolismo
Oxigênio/análise
Esgotos/química
Esgotos/microbiologia
Águas Residuais/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Ammonium Compounds); 0 (Nitrites); 0 (Sewage); 0 (Waste Water); S88TT14065 (Oxygen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161205
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27900438
[Au] Autor:Liu T; Mao YJ; Shi YP; Quan X
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Industrial Ecology and Environmental Engineering (Ministry of Education), School of Environmental Science and Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian, 116024, People's Republic of China. taoliu@dlut.edu.cn.
[Ti] Título:Start-up and bacterial community compositions of partial nitrification in moving bed biofilm reactor.
[So] Source:Appl Microbiol Biotechnol;101(6):2563-2574, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1432-0614
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Partial nitrification (PN) has been considered as one of the promising processes for pretreatment of ammonium-rich wastewater. In this study, a kind of novel carriers with enhanced hydrophilicity and electrophilicity was implemented in a moving bed biofilm reactor (MBBR) to start up PN process. Results indicated that biofilm formation rate was higher on modified carriers. In comparison with the reactor filled with traditional carriers (start-up period of 21 days), it took only 14 days to start up PN successfully with ammonia removal efficiency and nitrite accumulation rate of 90 and 91%, respectively, in the reactor filled with modified carriers. Evident changes of spatial distributions and community structures had been detected during the start-up. Free-floating cells existed in planktonic sludge, while these microorganisms trended to form flocs in the biofilm. High-throughput pyrosequencing results indicated that Nitrosomonas was the predominant ammonia-oxidizing bacterium (AOB) in the PN system, while Comamonas might also play a vital role for nitrogen oxidation. Additionally, some other bacteria such as Ferruginibacter, Ottowia, Saprospiraceae, and Rhizobacter were selected to establish stable footholds. This study would be potentially significant for better understanding the microbial features and developing efficient strategies accordingly for MBBR-based PN operation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia/metabolismo
Bactérias/genética
Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Filogenia
Águas Residuais/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/classificação
Bactérias/metabolismo
Reatores Biológicos
Comamonas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Comamonas/metabolismo
Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala
Seres Humanos
Consórcios Microbianos/fisiologia
Nitrificação
Nitrosomonas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Nitrosomonas/metabolismo
Oxirredução
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Waste Water); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1703
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170307
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170307
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161201
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00253-016-8003-9


  8 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27836171
[Au] Autor:Abe T; Ushiki N; Fujitani H; Tsuneda S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Life Science and Medical Bioscience, Waseda University, 2-2 Wakamatsu-cho, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo 162-8480, Japan.
[Ti] Título:A rapid collection of yet unknown ammonia oxidizers in pure culture from activated sludge.
[So] Source:Water Res;108:169-178, 2017 Jan 01.
[Is] ISSN:1879-2448
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Nitrification is an important reaction in the biological nitrogen removal process in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). As ammonia-oxidizing microbes are slow-growing and sensitive to environmental factors such as free ammonia, pure strains are hard to obtain, preventing our understanding of their physiological characteristics. To conquer this hurdle, we report a high-throughput isolation technique based on scattering signatures, which exploits the tendency of many ammonia-oxidizing bacteria (AOB) to form microcolonies in activated sludge. The AOB microcolonies were directly sorted from the activated sludge without long incubation and enrichment bias, and were sequentially inoculated into 96-well microtiter plates containing growth medium. Phylogenetic analysis of the pure strains isolated in this study revealed a deeply branching and unrecognized lineage and diversity within the genus Nitrosomonas, beyond our expectation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Amônia
Esgotos/microbiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias/isolamento & purificação
Nitrificação
Nitrosomonas/classificação
Oxirredução
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Sewage); 7664-41-7 (Ammonia)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170505
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170505
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161113
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27614578
[Au] Autor:Remmas N; Melidis P; Katsioupi E; Ntougias S
[Ad] Endereço:Laboratory of Wastewater Management and Treatment Technologies, Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Vas. Sofias 12, 67100 Xanthi, Greece.
[Ti] Título:Effects of high organic load on amoA and nirS gene diversity of an intermittently aerated and fed membrane bioreactor treating landfill leachate.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;220:557-565, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The effects of external carbon source addition on the nitrification and denitrification process were investigated in an intermittently aerated and fed membrane bioreactor treating landfill leachate by recording system performance, and amoA and nirS diversity dynamics using pyrosequencing. By adding 950mg/L glycerol, denitrification was optimized, resulting in total nitrogen removal efficiency of 81.0±2.4%. Under these conditions, amoA diversity was dominated by genotypes related to Nitrosomonas europaea, while increase in leachate's content and in glycerol addition by 50% led to irreversible inhibition of nitrification and enhanced ammonia accumulation, causing a severe suppression of Nitrosomonas and an increase in the relative abundance of Nitrosospira. However, this increase not only affected ammonia oxidizers, but also caused a massive shift in denitrifying community structure, resulting in the suppression of Arenimonas metalli-, Candidatus Accumulibacter- and Sulfuritalea hydrogenivorans-nirS related genotypes and the predominance of nirS-associated with Acidovorax and Thaurea sp.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Reatores Biológicos/microbiologia
Genes Bacterianos
Variação Genética
Membranas Artificiais
Compostos Orgânicos/análise
Poluentes Químicos da Água/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Aerobiose
Sequência de Bases
Análise da Demanda Biológica de Oxigênio
Nitrogênio/análise
Nitrosomonas/genética
Oxirredução
Filogenia
Projetos Piloto
Eliminação de Resíduos Líquidos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Membranes, Artificial); 0 (Organic Chemicals); 0 (Water Pollutants, Chemical); N762921K75 (Nitrogen)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170923
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170923
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160912
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 592 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:27595702
[Au] Autor:Cruvellier N; Poughon L; Creuly C; Dussap CG; Lasseur C
[Ad] Endereço:Université Clermont Auvergne, Institut Pascal, UMR CNRS 6602, TSA 60026, CS 60026, F-63178 Aubière cedex, France.
[Ti] Título:Growth modelling of Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC® 19718 and Nitrobacter winogradskyi ATCC® 25391: A new online indicator of the partial nitrification.
[So] Source:Bioresour Technol;220:369-377, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2976
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of the present work was to study the growth of two nitrifying bacteria. For modelling the nitrifying subsystem of the MELiSSA loop, Nitrosomonas europaea ATCC® 19718 and Nitrobacter winogradskyi ATCC® 25931 were grown separately and in cocultures. The kinetic parameters of a stoichiometric mass balanced Pirt model were identified: µmax=0.054h(-1), decay rate b=0.003h(-1) and maintenance rate m=0.135gN-NH4(+)·gX(-1)·h(-1) for Nitrosomonas europaea; µmax=0.024h(-1), b=0.001h(-1) and m=0.467gN-NO2(-)·gX(-1)·h(-1) for Nitrobacter winogradskyi. A predictive structured model of nitrification in co-culture was developed. The online evolution of the addition of KOH is correlated to the nitritation; the dissolved oxygen concentration is correlated to both nitritation and nitratation. The model suitably represents these two variables so that transient partial nitrification is assessed. This is a clue for avoiding partial nitrification by predictive functional control.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Modelos Teóricos
Nitrobacter/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Nitrosomonas europaea/crescimento & desenvolvimento
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Bactérias
Reatores Biológicos
Técnicas de Cocultura
Cinética
Nitrificação
Nitrobacter/metabolismo
Nitrosomonas/crescimento & desenvolvimento
Nitrosomonas europaea/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170923
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170923
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160907
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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