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[PMID]:28984228
[Au] Autor:Sehata G; Sato H; Yamanaka M; Takahashi T; Kainuma R; Igarashi T; Oshima S; Noro T; Oishi E
[Ad] Endereço:Kyoto Biken Laboratories, Inc., 24-16 Makishima, Uji, Kyoto 611-0041, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Substitutions at residues 300 and 389 of the VP2 capsid protein serve as the minimal determinant of attenuation for canine parvovirus vaccine strain 9985-46.
[So] Source:J Gen Virol;98(11):2759-2770, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1465-2099
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Identifying molecular determinants of virulence attenuation in live attenuated canine parvovirus (CPV) vaccines is important for assuring their safety. To this end, we identified mutations in the attenuated CPV 9985-46 vaccine strain that arose during serial passage in Crandell-Rees feline kidney cells by comparison with the wild-type counterpart, as well as minimal determinants of the loss of virulence. Four amino acid substitutions (N93K, G300V, T389N and V562L) in VP2 of strain 9985-46 significantly restricted infection in canine A72 cells. Using an infectious molecular clone system, we constructed isogenic CPVs of the parental virulent 9985 strain carrying single or double mutations. We observed that only a single amino acid substitution in VP2, G300V or T389N, attenuated the virulent parental virus. Combinations of these mutations further attenuated CPV to a level comparable to that of 9985-46. Strains with G300V/T389N substitutions did not induce clinical symptoms in experimentally infected pups, and their ability to infect canine cells was highly restricted. We found that another G300V/V562L double mutation decreased affinity of the virus for canine cells, although its pathogenicity to dogs was maintained. These results indicate that mutation of residue 300, which plays a critical role in host tropism, is not sufficient for viral attenuation in vivo, and that attenuation of 9985-46 strain is defined by at least two mutations in residues 300 and 389 of the VP2 capsid protein. This finding is relevant for quality control of the vaccine and provides insight into the rational design of second-generation live attenuated vaccine candidates.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Substituição de Aminoácidos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética
Proteínas do Capsídeo/metabolismo
Parvovirus Canino/genética
Parvovirus Canino/patogenicidade
Vacinas Virais/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Animais Recém-Nascidos
Linhagem Celular
Análise Mutacional de DNA
Doenças do Cão/patologia
Doenças do Cão/virologia
Cães
Infecções por Parvoviridae/patologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária
Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia
Inoculações Seriadas
Vacinas Atenuadas/genética
Fatores de Virulência/genética
Fatores de Virulência/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Capsid Proteins); 0 (Vaccines, Attenuated); 0 (Viral Vaccines); 0 (Virulence Factors)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171007
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1099/jgv.0.000936


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[PMID]:28707272
[Au] Autor:Dei Giudici S; Cubeddu T; Giagu A; Sanna G; Rocca S; Oggiano A
[Ad] Endereço:Istituto Zooprofilattico Sperimentale della Sardegna G. Pegreffi, Via Vienna 2, 07100, Sassari, Italy. silvia.deigiudici@izs-sardegna.it.
[Ti] Título:First molecular characterization of canine parvovirus strains in Sardinia, Italy.
[So] Source:Arch Virol;162(11):3481-3486, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1432-8798
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) is responsible of acute hemorrhagic gastroenteritis in young dogs. CPV-2 emerged in 1978 in the USA, but new antigenic types, CPV-2a, 2b and 2c, have completely replaced the original type. In this study, we analyzed 81 animals collected in Sardinia, Italy. The VP2 sequence analysis of 27 positive samples showed that all antigenic CPV-2 types are circulating. CPV-2b seems to be the most widespread variant, followed by CPV-2a. Furthermore, 12 CPV-2b strains displayed further amino acid substitutions and formed a separate cluster in a phylogenetic tree, indicating regional genetic variation.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/virologia
Doenças do Cão/virologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária
Parvovirus Canino/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Gatos
Cães
Itália/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia
Filogenia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171027
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171027
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170715
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00705-017-3457-3


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[PMID]:28523923
[Au] Autor:Shabbir MZ; Sohail MU; Chaudhary UN; Yaqub W; Rashid I; Saleem MH; Munir M
[Ti] Título:Genetic characterization of canine parvovirus from dogs in Pakistan.
[So] Source:Acta Virol;61(2):175-182, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0001-723X
[Cp] País de publicação:Slovakia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Canine parvoviruses (CPV) exist as antigenic variants with varying frequencies and genetic variabilities across the globe. Given the endemicity and high prevalence in Pakistan, we characterized the CPVs originating from dogs-population to elucidate viral diversity and evolution. Fecal samples from clinically diseased pups (n = 17) of different breeds and age (2-6 months) were processed for hemagglutination assay (HA), and later for partial amplification of VP2 gene sequence and amino acid analysis. A total of 11 samples (64.71%) were found positive both in hemagglutination and PCR assays. Phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis demonstrated higher genetic heterogeneity in studied strains and constituted seven clusters within the CPV-2a group, however, they shared high level of identity with Chinese strains. Further studies are necessary to elucidate genetic analysis and epidemiology of CPV variants across a wide geographical area of the country.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Cão/virologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia
Parvovirus Canino/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Cães
Feminino
Variação Genética
Genótipo
Masculino
Paquistão/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170906
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170906
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170520
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4149/av_2017_02_06


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[PMID]:28362831
[Au] Autor:Zhou P; Zeng W; Zhang X; Li S
[Ad] Endereço:College of Veterinary Medicine, South China Agricultural University, Tianhe District, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:The genetic evolution of canine parvovirus - A new perspective.
[So] Source:PLoS One;12(3):e0175035, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To trace the evolution process of CPV-2, all of the VP2 gene sequences of CPV-2 and FPV (from 1978 to 2015) from GenBank were analyzed in this study. Then, several new ideas regarding CPV-2 evolution were presented. First, the VP2 amino acid 555 and 375 positions of CPV-2 were first ruled out as a universal mutation site in CPV-2a and amino acid 101 position of FPV feature I or T instead of only I in existing rule. Second, the recently confusing nomenclature of CPV-2 variants was substituted with a optional nomenclature that would serve future CPV-2 research. Third, After check the global distribution of variants, CPV-2a is the predominant variant in Asia and CPV-2c is the predominant variant in Europe and Latin America. Fourth, a series of CPV-2-like strains were identified and deduced to evolve from modified live vaccine strains. Finally, three single VP2 mutation (F267Y, Y324I, and T440A) strains were caught concern. Furthermore, these three new VP2 mutation strains may be responsible for vaccine failure, and the strains with VP2 440A may become the novel CPV sub-variant. In conclusion, a summary of all VP2 sequences provides a new perspective regarding CPV-2 evolution and the correlative biological studies needs to be further performed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Evolução Molecular
Parvovirus Canino/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Ásia
Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética
Cães
Variação Genética/genética
Mutação
Parvovirus Canino/classificação
Parvovirus Canino/metabolismo
Filogenia
Proteínas Virais/genética
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Capsid Proteins); 0 (Viral Proteins)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170828
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170828
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170401
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0175035


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[PMID]:28349355
[Au] Autor:Gupta V; Chakravarti S; Chander V; Majumder S; Bhat SA; Gupta VK; Nandi S
[Ad] Endereço:Centre for Animal Disease Research and Diagnosis, ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly, UP, 243122, India. vet.gvikas@gmail.com.
[Ti] Título:Polymerase spiral reaction (PSR): a novel, visual isothermal amplification method for detection of canine parvovirus 2 genomic DNA.
[So] Source:Arch Virol;162(7):1995-2001, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1432-8798
[Cp] País de publicação:Austria
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Canine parvovirus-2 (CPV-2), which is ubiquitously distributed worldwide, causes severe and often fatal gastroenteritis in dogs. Accurate, differential and rapid diagnosis of canine parvoviral enteritis remains a challenge for clinicians. A recently developed isothermal amplification technique, polymerase spiral reaction (PSR), was optimized for the first time for a viral pathogen with reference recombinant plasmid standards from different CPV-2 antigenic variants (CPV-2, CPV-2a, CPV-2b and CPV-2c) and subsequently validated using clinical samples. Addition of chromogenic substrate SYBR Green I after the completion of the reaction resulted in bright green fluorescence in positive samples, while negative samples and a no-template control remained orange. These results were further substantiated through visualization of a laddering pattern of the PSR-amplified product in an agarose gel in positive cases and the absence of this pattern in no-template control and negative samples. The PSR assay was found to be highly specific, as it did not react with other putative canine pathogens (canine adenovirus 1 and canine distemper virus). The sensitivity of the newly developed PSR technique was compared with that of conventional PCR, real-time PCR and LAMP, using a serial tenfold dilution of canine parvovirus DNA. The detection limit of PSR was found to be at the femtogram level, which is comparable with that of real-time PCR and LAMP, which are ten times more sensitive than conventional PCR. The assay was validated using 90 clinical samples, of which 54 were found positive, while only 45 samples were positive in conventional PCR. This novel assay, which is fully compliant with the 'ASSURED' concept for disease diagnosis, provides a simple, rapid, specific, sensitive and cost-effective method for diagnosis of canine parvoviral enteritis in veterinary clinics.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: DNA Viral/genética
Genoma Viral/genética
Técnicas de Amplificação de Ácido Nucleico/métodos
Parvovirus Canino/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Cães
Parvovirus Canino/classificação
Sensibilidade e Especificidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Viral)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170707
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170707
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170329
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00705-017-3321-5


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[PMID]:28284623
[Au] Autor:Duque-García Y; Echeverri-Zuluaga M; Trejos-Suarez J; Ruiz-Saenz J
[Ad] Endereço:Grupo de Investigación en Ciencias Animales - GRICA, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Bucaramanga, Colombia; Escuela de Medicina Veterinaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín, Colombia.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of Canine parvovirus 2 in diarrheic dogs in Colombia, South America: A possible new CPV-2a is emerging?
[So] Source:Vet Microbiol;201:56-61, 2017 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2542
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Since its identification in 1978, Canine parvovirus type 2 (CPV-2) has been considered a pathogen of great importance in the canine population because it causes severe enteritis with high mortality rates in pups. CPV-2 is a virus belonging to the family Parvoviridae. Currently, there are three described antigenic variants (CPV-2a, CPV-2b, and CPV-2c). CPV-2c is an emerging virus that is seen as a global health hazard. The objective of this work was to confirm the presence of CPV-2 in dogs with acute gastroenteritis compatible with parvovirus and to molecularly characterize the antigenic variants circulating in two regions of Colombia. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted with fecal samples collected from 71 dogs showing signs of acute diarrhea. The samples were processed and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis (RFLP), sequencing and phylogenetic analysis was performed to detect and characterize CPV. A total of 70.42% of the individuals were confirmed positive for CPV-2. Statistically differences were found in the presentation of CPV-2 between the evaluated regions. Phylogenetic analyses confirmed the presence of the antigenic variants CPV-2a/2b. Moreover, we found the presence of two conserved substitutions Asn428Asp and Ala514Ser in the VP2 protein suggesting the presence of a possible new CPV-2a variant circulating in Colombia. This study demonstrates the importance of the CPV 2a/2b in the region and highlights the importance of performing molecular studies for the early detection of new antigenic variants of CPV-2.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Variação Antigênica/imunologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Enterite/veterinária
Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária
Parvovirus Canino/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Colômbia/epidemiologia
Estudos Transversais
Doenças do Cão/virologia
Cães
Enterite/epidemiologia
Enterite/virologia
Fezes/virologia
Feminino
Geografia
Hemorragia/epidemiologia
Hemorragia/veterinária
Hemorragia/virologia
Masculino
Epidemiologia Molecular
Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/virologia
Parvovirus Canino/genética
Filogenia
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/veterinária
Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
Prevalência
Análise de Sequência de DNA/veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170927
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170927
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170313
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28283075
[Au] Autor:Decaro N; Buonavoglia C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of Bari, Strada Provinciale per Casamassima Km 3, 70010 Valenzano, Bari, Italy. Electronic address: nicola.decaro@uniba.it.
[Ti] Título:Canine parvovirus post-vaccination shedding: Interference with diagnostic assays and correlation with host immune status.
[So] Source:Vet J;221:23-24, 2017 03.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Parvoviridae
Parvovirus Canino/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anticorpos Antivirais
Doenças do Cão
Cães
Vacinação
Vacinas Virais
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL; COMMENT
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Viral); 0 (Viral Vaccines)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170815
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170815
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170312
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28242782
[Au] Autor:Anderson A; Hartmann K; Leutenegger CM; Proksch AL; Mueller RS; Unterer S
[Ad] Endereço:Clinic of Small Animal Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich, Veterinaerstrasse 13, Munich 80539, Germany.
[Ti] Título:Role of canine circovirus in dogs with acute haemorrhagic diarrhoea.
[So] Source:Vet Rec;180(22):542, 2017 Jun 03.
[Is] ISSN:2042-7670
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Canine circovirus (CanineCV) has been detected in some dogs with severe haemorrhagic diarrhoea, but its pathogenic role is unclear. This study evaluated a suspected association between the presence of CanineCV and acute haemorrhagic diarrhoea syndrome (AHDS) in dogs. The prevalence of CanineCV in dogs with AHDS was compared with that in healthy dogs and those infected with canine parvovirus (CPV). Additionally, time to recovery and mortality rate were compared between CanineCV-positive and CanineCV-negative dogs. Faecal samples of dogs with AHDS (n=55), healthy dogs (n=66) and dogs infected with CPV (n=54) were examined by two real-time TaqMan PCR assays targeting the replicase and capsid genes of CanineCV. CanineCV was detected in faecal samples of two dogs with AHDS, three healthy controls and seven dogs infected with CPV. Among the three groups, there was no significant difference in prevalence of CanineCV. CPV-infected animals that were coinfected with CanineCV had a significantly higher mortality rate compared with those negative for CanineCV. CanineCV does not appear to be the primary causative agent of AHDS in dogs, but might play a role as a negative co-factor in disease outcome in dogs with CPV infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária
Circovirus/isolamento & purificação
Diarreia/veterinária
Doenças do Cão/virologia
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Animais
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Infecções por Circoviridae/epidemiologia
Diarreia/epidemiologia
Diarreia/virologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Cães
Fezes/virologia
Feminino
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/epidemiologia
Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/virologia
Masculino
Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária
Parvovirus Canino/isolamento & purificação
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170607
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170607
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170301
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/vr.103926


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[PMID]:28238913
[Au] Autor:Feng H; Fan J; Yang S; Zhao X; Yi X
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medicine, Southwest University, Rongchang, Chongqing 402460, PR China. Electronic address: fenghaiborc@126.com.
[Ti] Título:Antiviral activity of phosphorylated Radix Cyathulae officinalis polysaccharide against Canine Parvovirus in vitro.
[So] Source:Int J Biol Macromol;99:511-518, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0003
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Phosphorylated Radix Cyathulae officinalis Kuan polysaccharides (pRCPS) was prepared according to three-factors, ratio of STMP (%) and STPP (%), reaction time and reaction temperature, and three level L (3 ) orthogonal design. The antiviral activity of nine pRCPS (pRCPS ) was systematically evaluated by three methods pre-adding mode, mixed mode, and post-adding mode. Cellular activity was tested by the CCK-8 assay. The results showed that the optimal modification conditions were the ratio of STMP (%) and STPP (%) 1:4, reaction time 2h and reaction temperature 65°C. Six pRCPS (pRCPS , pRCPS , pRCPS ) exhibited significant anti-viral activity in pre-adding mode (P<0.05). Eight pRCPS (pRCPS , pRCPS , pRCPS , pRCPS , and pRCPS showed dramatic anti-viral activity in the mixed mode (P<0.05). Six pRCPS (pRCPS , pRCPS , pRCPS ) showed antiviral activity in the post-adding mode (P<0.05). Taken together, four pRCPS (pRCPS ) demonstrated significant antiviral activity in all the test modes (P<0.05) and their antiviral efficacy were significantly stronger than unmodified RCPS (P<0.05). Those results indicated that four pRCPS (pRCPS ) possessed significant antiviral activity and may have potential as a new CPV therapeutic compound, and phosphorylation could significantly enhance the antiviral effect of RCPS. Moreover, phosphorylation modification technique could be valuable as a method to promote the antiviral activity of polysaccharide.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antivirais/química
Antivirais/farmacologia
Magnoliopsida/química
Parvovirus Canino/efeitos dos fármacos
Polissacarídeos/química
Polissacarídeos/farmacologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Antivirais/efeitos adversos
Linhagem Celular
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Parvovirus Canino/fisiologia
Fosforilação
Polissacarídeos/efeitos adversos
Segurança
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antiviral Agents); 0 (Polysaccharides)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171116
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171116
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170228
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28237237
[Au] Autor:Hennenfent A; DelVento V; Davies-Cole J; Johnson-Clarke F
[Ad] Endereço:CDC/CSTE Applied Epidemiology Fellowship Program, District of Columbia Department of Health, Center for Policy, Planning and Evaluation, Washington, DC, USA. Electronic address: Andrew.Hennenfent@dc.gov.
[Ti] Título:Expanding veterinary biosurveillance in Washington, DC: The creation and utilization of an electronic-based online veterinary surveillance system.
[So] Source:Prev Vet Med;138:70-78, 2017 Mar 01.
[Is] ISSN:1873-1716
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVES: To enhance the early detection of emerging infectious diseases and bioterrorism events using companion animal-based surveillance. METHODS: Washington, DC, small animal veterinary facilities (n=17) were surveyed to determine interest in conducting infectious disease surveillance. Using these results, an electronic-based online reporting system was developed and launched in August 2015 to monitor rates of canine influenza, canine leptospirosis, antibiotic resistant infections, canine parvovirus, and syndromic disease trends. RESULTS: Nine of the 10 facilities that responded expressed interest conducting surveillance. In September 2015, 17 canine parvovirus cases were reported. In response, a campaign encouraging regular veterinary preventative care was launched and featured on local media platforms. Additionally, during the system's first year of operation it detected 5 canine leptospirosis cases and 2 antibiotic resistant infections. No canine influenza cases were reported and syndromic surveillance compliance varied, peaking during National Special Security Events. CONCLUSIONS: Small animal veterinarians and the general public are interested in companion animal disease surveillance. The system described can serve as a model for establishing similar systems to monitor disease trends of public health importance in pet populations and enhance biosurveillance capabilities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Biovigilância/métodos
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Vigilância de Evento Sentinela/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Atitude Frente à Saúde
District of Columbia/epidemiologia
Cães
Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos
Feminino
Hospitais Veterinários
Seres Humanos
Internet
Leptospirose/epidemiologia
Leptospirose/veterinária
Masculino
Infecções por Parvoviridae/epidemiologia
Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária
Parvovirus Canino/isolamento & purificação
Inquéritos e Questionários
Médicos Veterinários/psicologia
Medicina Veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170811
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170811
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170227
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde