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[PMID]:29320818
[Au] Autor:Chai JY; Sohn WM; Na BK; Park JB; Jeoung HG; Hoang EH; Htoon TT; Tin HH
[Ad] Endereço:Korea Association of Health Promotion, Seoul 07653, Korea.
[Ti] Título:Zoonotic Trematode Metacercariae in Fish from Yangon, Myanmar and Their Adults Recovered from Experimental Animals.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):631-641, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A survey was performed to investigate the infection status of zoonotic trematode (ZT) metacercariae in fish from a local market in Yangon City, Myanmar. A total of 264 fish (12 species) were collected through 4 times from December 2013 to June 2015. All collected fish were transferred to our laboratory on ice and examined by the artificial digestion method. More than 7 species of ZT metacercariae, i.e., Haplorchis taichui, H. pumilio, H. yokogawai, Centrocestus spp., Stellantchasmus falcatus, Pygidiopsis cambodiensis, and Procerovum sp. were detected. Metacercariae of H. taichui were collected in 58 (42.3%) out of 137 fish (5 species), and their average density was 42.9 per fish infected. Metacercariae of H. pumilio were detected in 96 (49.0%) out of 196 fish (9 species), and their average density was 23.6 per fish infected. H. yokogawai metacercariae were found in 40 (50.0%) out of 80 fish (5 species), and Centrocestus spp. metacercariae in 91 (50.8%) out of 179 fish (8 species), and their densities were 306 and 25.8 per fish infected, respectively. Metacercariae of S. falcatus and P. cambodiensis were detected only in mullets, Chelon macrolepis. A total of 280 Procerovum sp. metacercariae were found in 6 out of 12 climbing perch, Anabas testudineus. Morphological characteristics of adult flukes recovered from experimental animals were described. It has been first confirmed that fish from Yangon, Myanmar are commonly infected with various species of ZT metacercariae.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Peixes/parasitologia
Metacercárias/isolamento & purificação
Trematódeos/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Gatos
Cricetinae
Seres Humanos
Metacercárias/anatomia & histologia
Mianmar/epidemiologia
Trematódeos/anatomia & histologia
Infecções por Trematódeos/epidemiologia
Infecções por Trematódeos/parasitologia
Zoonoses
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.631


  2 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28456662
[Au] Autor:Kinkar L; Laurimäe T; Sharbatkhori M; Mirhendi H; Kia EB; Ponce-Gordo F; Andresiuk V; Simsek S; Lavikainen A; Irshadullah M; Umhang G; Oudni-M'rad M; Acosta-Jamett G; Rehbein S; Saarma U
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Zoology, Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences, University of Tartu, Vanemuise 46, 50410 Tartu, Estonia.
[Ti] Título:New mitogenome and nuclear evidence on the phylogeny and taxonomy of the highly zoonotic tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus sensu stricto.
[So] Source:Infect Genet Evol;52:52-58, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1567-7257
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Cystic echinococcosis, a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato (s. l.), is a significant global public health concern. Echinococcus granulosus s. l. is currently divided into numerous genotypes (G1-G8 and G10) of which G1-G3 are the most frequently implicated genotypes in human infections. Although it has been suggested that G1-G3 could be regarded as a distinct species E. granulosus sensu stricto (s. s.), the evidence to support this is inconclusive. Most importantly, data from nuclear DNA that provide means to investigate the exchange of genetic material between G1-G3 is lacking as none of the published nuclear DNA studies have explicitly included G2 or G3. Moreover, the commonly used relatively short mtDNA sequences, including the complete cox1 gene, have not allowed unequivocal differentiation of genotypes G1-G3. Therefore, significantly longer mtDNA sequences are required to distinguish these genotypes with confidence. The main aim of this study was to evaluate the phylogenetic relations and taxonomy of genotypes G1-G3 using sequences of nearly complete mitogenomes (11,443bp) and three nuclear loci (2984bp). A total of 23 G1-G3 samples were analysed, originating from 5 intermediate host species in 10 countries. The mtDNA data demonstrate that genotypes G1 and G3 are distinct mitochondrial genotypes (separated by 37 mutations), whereas G2 is not a separate genotype or even a monophyletic cluster, but belongs to G3. Nuclear data revealed no genetic separation of G1 and G3, suggesting that these genotypes form a single species due to ongoing gene flow. We conclude that: (a) in the taxonomic sense, genotypes G1 and G3 can be treated as a single species E. granulosus s. s.; (b) genotypes G1 and G3 should be regarded as distinct genotypes only in the context of mitochondrial data; (c) we recommend excluding G2 from the genotype list.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Núcleo Celular/genética
DNA de Helmintos/genética
Echinococcus granulosus/classificação
Mitocôndrias/genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: África do Norte
Animais
Ásia
Echinococcus granulosus/genética
Echinococcus granulosus/isolamento & purificação
Echinococcus granulosus/metabolismo
Europa (Continente)
Genoma Mitocondrial
Genótipo
Seres Humanos
Filogenia
Filogeografia
América do Sul
Zoonoses/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (DNA, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:28456536
[Au] Autor:More Bayona JA; Karuppannan AK; Barreda DR
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biological Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta T6G 2P5, Canada.
[Ti] Título:Contribution of leukocytes to the induction and resolution of the acute inflammatory response in chickens.
[So] Source:Dev Comp Immunol;74:167-177, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1879-0089
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A successful immune response against invading pathogens relies on the efficient activation of host defense mechanisms and a timely return to immune homeostasis. Despite their importance, these mechanisms remain ill-defined in most animal groups. This study focuses on the acute inflammatory response of chickens, important both as an avian model with a unique position in evolution as well as an increasingly notable target of infectious zoonotic diseases. We took advantage of an in vivo self-resolving intra-abdominal challenge model to provide an integrative view of leukocyte responses during the induction and resolution phases of acute inflammation. Our results showed rapid leukocyte infiltration into the abdominal cavity post zymosan challenge (significant increase as early as 4 h), which was dominated by heterophils. Peak leukocyte infiltration and ROS production reached maximum levels at 12 h post challenge, which was significantly earlier than comparative studies in teleost fish and mice. Both heterophils and monocyte/macrophages contributed to ROS production. Local leukocyte infiltration was preceded by an increase in peripheral leukocytes and a drop in the number of bone marrow leukocytes. The proportion of apoptotic leukocytes increased following peak of acute inflammation, rising to significant levels within the abdominal cavity by 48 h, consistent with other indicators for the resolution of inflammation. Importantly, comparison of chicken phagocytic responses with those previously shown in agnathan, teleost and murine models suggested a progressive evolutionary shift towards an increased sensitivity to pro-inflammatory pathogen-derived particles and decreased sensitivity towards homeostatic stimuli. Thus, while significant conservation can be noted across the immune systems of endotherms, this study highlights additional unique features that govern the induction and resolution of acute inflammation in the avian system, which may be relevant to disease susceptibility and performance.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças das Aves/imunologia
Galinhas/imunologia
Inflamação/imunologia
Leucócitos/imunologia
Peritônio/fisiologia
Zoonoses/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doença Aguda
Animais
Apoptose
Evolução Biológica
Movimento Celular
Proliferação Celular
Peixes
Seres Humanos
Imunidade Inata
Camundongos
Fagocitose
Fisiologia Comparada
Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
Zimosan/imunologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Reactive Oxygen Species); 9010-72-4 (Zymosan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29231626
[Au] Autor:Hasle G
[Ti] Título:New pathogens, new challenges.
[Ti] Título:Nye patogener, nye utfordringer..
[So] Source:Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen;137(23-24), 2017 12 12.
[Is] ISSN:0807-7096
[Cp] País de publicação:Norway
[La] Idioma:eng; nor
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças Transmitidas por Carrapatos/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:EDITORIAL
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171213
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4045/tidsskr.17.0890


  5 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29216959
[Au] Autor:Taxitiemuer A; Tuerdi G; Zhang Y; Wushouer F; Tao XY; Talipu J; Yimamu T; Ma HL
[Ad] Endereço:Westen China Field Epidemiology Training Program, Beijing 100050, China; Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Urumqi 830002, Xinjiang, China.
[Ti] Título:An Investigation of the First Case of Human Rabies Caused by a Fox in China in May 2016.
[So] Source:Biomed Environ Sci;30(11):825-828, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:0895-3988
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study assesses the causes and prevention measures of rabies through epidemiological investigation and analysis. A field epidemiological survey was conducted to investigate a case of rabies by fox bite. The onset of symptoms began 50 days after the bite. The patient did not receive standard treatment, rabies vaccination, or rabies immunoglobulin injection. The fox was killed on the spot. Saliva and pre-death blood samples were collected at different periods, and only blood RT-PCR tests yielded positive results. Wild fox bite is a major risk factor of rabies infection in Xinjiang Province, China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Raposas
Raiva/epidemiologia
Raiva/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Encéfalo/virologia
China/epidemiologia
Evolução Fatal
Raposas/virologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Zoonoses
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3967/bes2017.110


  6 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29424985
[Au] Autor:Kartavaya SA; Simonova EG; Loktionova MN; Kolganova OA; Ladny VI; Raichich SR
[Ti] Título:[Scientific substantiation of sizes of sanitary protection zones of anthrax burial sites based on the comprehensive evaluation of risk factors].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(7):601-6, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the Russian Federation anthrax epizootics are still being registered among animals as well as epidemic foci of the population. This situation is linked to natural reservoirs of the pathogen - numerous anthrax burial sites which belong to class I of dangerous objects. In this connection, a one-kilometer sanitary protective zone is required according to current Russian Federation legislation. As a result, a significant land of the country is unsuitable for any agricultural use. Meanwhile, epizootologo-epidemiological observations indicate to that different anthrax burial sites differ in their characteristics and represent varying degrees of the risk. In connection with the development of the agricultural sector, intensive construction and the development of new and abandoned areas there is a need of creating unified approaches to assess the risk of anthrax burial sites, as well as to determine the size of sanitary protection zones based on the risk assessment. This article represents an original methodology to assess the actual danger of anthrax burial sites. It is based on a comprehensive multi-factor quantity-related risk assessment, described by a model that accounting the importance of each study for natural, social and biological factors. Undertaking this methodology allowed to reveal a degree of danger of anthrax burial sites located in different territories of the Russian Federation, and helped to substantiate the dimensions of their sanitary protection zones.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antraz
Locais de Resíduos Perigosos/estatística & dados numéricos
Zoonoses
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Antraz/epidemiologia
Antraz/prevenção & controle
Reservatórios de Doenças/microbiologia
Reservatórios de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180210
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29298694
[Au] Autor:Boqvist S; Söderqvist K; Vågsholm I
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Biomedical Sciences and Veterinary Public Health, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, PO Box 7036, 750 07, Uppsala, Sweden. Sofia.Boqvist@slu.se.
[Ti] Título:Food safety challenges and One Health within Europe.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;60(1):1, 2018 Jan 03.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This review discusses food safety aspects of importance from a One Health perspective, focusing on Europe. Using examples of food pathogen/food commodity combinations, spread of antimicrobial resistance in the food web and the risk of transmission of zoonotic pathogens in a circular system, it demonstrates how different perspectives are interconnected. The chosen examples all show the complexity of the food system and the necessity of using a One Health approach. Food safety resources should be allocated where they contribute most One Health benefits. Data on occurrence and disease burden and knowledge of source attribution are crucial in assessing costs and benefits of control measures. Future achievements in food safety, public health and welfare will largely be based on how well politicians, researchers, industry, national agencies and other stakeholders manage to collaborate using the One Health approach. It can be concluded that closer cooperation between different disciplines is necessary to avoid silo thinking when addressing important food safety challenges. The importance of this is often mentioned, but more proof of concept is needed by the research community.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Inocuidade dos Alimentos
Saúde Única
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Europa (Continente)
Seres Humanos
Comunicação Interdisciplinar
Zoonoses/prevenção & controle
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180105
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0355-3


  8 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28749769
[Au] Autor:Fournié G; Høg E; Barnett T; Pfeiffer DU; Mangtani P
[Ad] Endereço:Veterinary Epidemiology, Economics and Public Health Group, Department of Pathobiology and Population Sciences, Royal Veterinary College, Hatfield, United Kingdom.
[Ti] Título:A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Practices Exposing Humans to Avian Influenza Viruses, Their Prevalence, and Rationale.
[So] Source:Am J Trop Med Hyg;97(2):376-388, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1476-1645
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Almost all human infections by avian influenza viruses (AIVs) are transmitted from poultry. A systematic review was conducted to identify practices associated with human infections, their prevalence, and rationale. Observational studies were identified through database searches. Meta-analysis produced combined odds ratio estimates. The prevalence of practices and rationales for their adoptions were reported. Of the 48,217 records initially identified, 65 articles were included. Direct and indirect exposures to poultry were associated with infection for all investigated viral subtypes and settings. For the most frequently reported practices, association with infection seemed stronger in markets than households, for sick and dead than healthy poultry, and for H7N9 than H5N1. Practices were often described in general terms and their frequency and intensity of contact were not provided. The prevalence of practices was highly variable across studies, and no studies comprehensively explored reasons behind the adoption of practices. Combining epidemiological and targeted anthropological studies would increase the spectrum and detail of practices that could be investigated and should aim to provide insights into the rationale(s) for their existence. A better understanding of these rationales may help to design more realistic and acceptable preventive public health measures and messages.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Influenza Aviária/transmissão
Influenza Humana/virologia
Aves Domésticas/virologia
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Influenza Aviária/epidemiologia
Prevalência
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; META-ANALYSIS; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170728
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.17-0014


  9 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29273058
[Au] Autor:Utaaker KS; Myhr N; Bajwa RS; Joshi H; Kumar A; Robertson LJ
[Ad] Endereço:Parasitology Laboratory, Department for Food Safety and Infection Biology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Adamstuen Campus, PO Box 8146, Dep. 0033, Oslo, Norway. kjersti.selstad.utaaker@nmbu.no.
[Ti] Título:Goats in the city: prevalence of Giardia duodenalis and Cryptosporidium spp. in extensively reared goats in northern India.
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;59(1):86, 2017 Dec 22.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Various characteristics of goats mean they are highly suitable livestock for backyard rearing by people with limited resources. They are a popular livestock choice in India, where they are often kept to supplement an already scarce income. In these settings, hygiene and sanitation standards tend to be low, and weakens the interface between humans and animals, thus reducing the barrier between them and thereby increasing the likelihood that zoonotic and anthroponotic infections will occur. RESULTS: This study reports an investigation of the occurrence of Cryptosporidium spp. and Giardia duodenalis in goats being reared in different settings in urban and peri-urban areas in northern India, and addressed the zoonotic potential of these important protozoan parasites shed from goats living close to humans. The overall prevalence of G. duodenalis was 33.8 and 0.5% for Cryptosporidium spp.; the relatively low prevalence of cryptosporidiosis may reflect that most samples were derived from adult animals. The prevalence of G. duodenalis excretion was found to be similar to that reported in other studies. However, although other studies have reported a predominance of non-zoonotic Assemblage E in goats, in this study potentially zoonotic Assemblages predominated [Assemblage A (36%) and Assemblage B (32%)]. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study indicate that in this area where goats and humans are living in close proximity, there may be sharing of intestinal parasites, which can be detrimental for both host species.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Criptosporidiose/epidemiologia
Cryptosporidium/fisiologia
Giardia lamblia/fisiologia
Giardíase/veterinária
Doenças das Cabras/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Fezes/parasitologia
Giardia lamblia/classificação
Giardíase/epidemiologia
Giardíase/parasitologia
Doenças das Cabras/parasitologia
Cabras
Índia
Prevalência
População Urbana
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171224
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-017-0354-4


  10 / 13882 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29328567
[Au] Autor:Bosnjak I; Zdravkovic N; Colovic S; Randelovic S; Galic N; Radojicic M; Sekler M; Aleksic-Kovacevic S; Krnjaic D
[Ti] Título:Neglected zoonosis: The prevalence of Salmonella spp. in pet reptiles in Serbia.
[So] Source:Vojnosanit Pregl;73(10):980-2, 2016 Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0042-8450
[Cp] País de publicação:Serbia
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Animais de Estimação/microbiologia
Répteis/microbiologia
Salmonelose Animal/transmissão
Salmonella/patogenicidade
Zoonoses/transmissão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Seres Humanos
Fatores de Risco
Salmonelose Animal/diagnóstico
Salmonelose Animal/epidemiologia
Salmonelose Animal/microbiologia
Sérvia/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/diagnóstico
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/microbiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2298/VSP160809222B



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