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  1 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29357839
[Au] Autor:Xie X; Hu J; Sun G; Ding B; Feng L
[Ad] Endereço:Eye Center, the Second Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, No. 88 Jiefang Road, Hangzhou, 310009, People's Republic of China.
[Ti] Título:Orbital sparganosis in an 8-year boy: a case report.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;18(1):13, 2018 Jan 22.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung, but fewer reported infections involve the eye. Because the majority of patients with sparganosis are adults, it is likely to be missed in children. CASE PRESENTATION: An 8-year-old boy presented to our clinic complaining of a painless ocular mass in his right eye for 1 month. The boy had a history of eating frogs and frog poultice applications to his eyelids. The patient was checked for an elliptical mass near the medial wall of the right eye. Serodiagnosis testing was positive in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. During surgical operation on the patient, calcified parasite eggs and foreign body granulomatous reaction were found using histological examination. Due to early detection and surgery, the patient fully recovered with no damage to his eyesight. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, ocular sparganosis should be suspected in a mass of the eye when there is a history of eating frogs and frog poultice applications on eyelids. Early surgical resection is important for a good prognosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças Orbitárias/diagnóstico
Esparganose/diagnóstico
Plerocercoide/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Biópsia
Criança
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Órbita/parasitologia
Doenças Orbitárias/parasitologia
Esparganose/parasitologia
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180124
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-018-0675-8


  2 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28930513
[Au] Autor:Guzman-Salas PJ; Serna-Ojeda JC
[Ad] Endereço:Instituto de Oftalmologia Conde de Valenciana, Mexico City, Mexico pguzman@cataratascr.com.
[Ti] Título:Intraocular Infection with a Trematode.
[So] Source:N Engl J Med;377(12):e15, 2017 Sep 21.
[Is] ISSN:1533-4406
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Infecções por Trematódeos/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Animais
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/complicações
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Trematódeos
Infecções por Trematódeos/complicações
Transtornos da Visão/etiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; VIDEO-AUDIO MEDIA
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170926
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170926
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170921
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1056/NEJMicm1615038


  3 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28724822
[Au] Autor:Sethi A; Puri V; Dogra N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Indian Naval Hospital Jeevanti, Vasco da Gama, Goa, India.
[Ti] Título:An unusual presentation of lacrimal gland dirofilariasis.
[So] Source:Indian J Ophthalmol;65(7):615-617, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1998-3689
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dirofilariasis is a helminthic infection caused by filarial parasite of the genus Dirofilaria. It is a common zoonotic disease mostly affecting canines and uncommon in humans. It is endemic to Mediterranean countries, with few reports from other parts of the world. The clinical forms in humans are pulmonary, subcutaneous, and ocular. Ocular involvement is rare. We report a case of lacrimal gland dirofilariasis, an unusual ocular presentation which masquerades as a lacrimal gland tumor. Ours would be the third reported case in the world and first in India. This case was managed with excision of the lacrimal gland mass. Postoperatively the patient recovered completely and there has been no recurrence in the 1-year follow-up.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dirofilaria/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilariose/diagnóstico
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico
Aparelho Lacrimal/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Seres Humanos
Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/parasitologia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/ijo.IJO_847_16


  4 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28640004
[Au] Autor:Sanders AP; Dos Santos T; Felipe CKK; Estevão ML; Cícero C; Evangelista F; Manrique CA; Mizutani AS; Falavigna-Guilherme AL
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Basic Health Sciences, State University of Maringá, Paraná, Brazil.
[Ti] Título:Ocular Lesions in Congenital Toxoplasmosis in Santa Isabel do Ivaí, Paraná, Brazil.
[So] Source:Pediatr Infect Dis J;36(9):817-820, 2017 Sep.
[Is] ISSN:1532-0987
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:We verified clinical and psychopedagogic aspects of congenital cases with ocular sequelae, 13 years after toxoplasmosis outbreak in Santa Isabel do Ivaí, and current seroprevalence of this zoonosis in pregnant women. Audiologic and ophthalmologic evaluations were performed in congenital cases, in addition to collection of clinical and psychopedagogic data. In pregnant women, current seroprevalence was observed. Among affected teenagers, 2 of 5 are behind in school grade, and 4 of 5 reported learning difficulties, requiring psychopedagogic monitoring, as well as ocular complaints. We observed predominance of small, scarred, dispersed, type II chorioretinal lesions (hypopigmented halo and hyperpigmented central area), and 1 case of ocular relapse. All patients presented normal audiologic assessment. Among 131 pregnant women, 62 (47.3%) were seronegative and 39 (29.8%) were IgG reactive. Only 1 reported acquiring infection during the outbreak. This is one of the few studies in Brazil showing the outcome of congenital toxoplasmosis, a decade after infection, in one of the world's largest outbreaks.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Doenças Retinianas/epidemiologia
Toxoplasmose Congênita/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue
Brasil/epidemiologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/imunologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Gravidez
Doenças Retinianas/imunologia
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Toxoplasmose Congênita/imunologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170918
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170918
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170623
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/INF.0000000000001614


  5 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28613359
[Au] Autor:Türkcü FM; Sahin A; Yüksel H; Sahin M; Karaalp Ü
[Ti] Título:OCTA Imaging of Choroidal Neovascular Membrane Secondary to Toxoplasma Retinochoroiditis.
[So] Source:Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina;48(6):509-511, 2017 Jun 01.
[Is] ISSN:2325-8179
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Two patients (a 37-year-old man and a 28-year-old woman) who had choroidal neovascular membrane (CNVM) secondary to inactive toxoplasma retinochoroiditis scarring were evaluated. Multimodal imaging including fluorescein angiography, optical coherence tomography (OCT), and OCT angiography (OCTA) was used. CNVM secondary to inactive toxoplasma retinochoroiditis scarring was detected. Representative images of CNVM were demonstrated in the outer retinal layer and choriocapillary layer on OCTA. OCTA, a relatively new technique, is useful in the diagnosis of the CNVMs secondary to retinochoroiditis. [Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2017;48:509-511.].
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Neovascularização de Coroide/diagnóstico
Corioidite/complicações
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/complicações
Angiofluoresceinografia/métodos
Retinite/complicações
Tomografia de Coerência Óptica/métodos
Toxoplasmose Ocular/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia
Corioide/irrigação sanguínea
Neovascularização de Coroide/etiologia
Corioidite/diagnóstico
Corioidite/parasitologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Retinite/diagnóstico
Retinite/parasitologia
Toxoplasma/imunologia
Toxoplasmose Ocular/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Protozoan)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170913
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170913
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170615
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3928/23258160-20170601-11


  6 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28600298
[Au] Autor:Amin RM; Goweida MB; El Goweini HF; Bedda AM; Lotfy WM; Gaballah AH; Nadar AA; Radwan AE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt.
[Ti] Título:Trematodal granulomatous uveitis in paediatric Egyptian patients: a case series.
[So] Source:Br J Ophthalmol;101(8):999-1002, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2079
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To describe the clinical presentations and results of laboratory analysis of waterborne ophthalmic granulomas of the anterior chamber (AC) in Egyptian patients. PARTICIPANTS: 110 patients with granulomatous anterior uveitis and distinctive AC nodules. DESIGN: Prospective, non-comparative, case series. METHODS: Demographic data including age, gender and place of residence were recorded. A full ophthalmic examination with emphasis on the inflammatory characteristics and systemic workup was performed. The nodules were surgically removed in selected cases and molecular and histopathological analyses were performed. RESULTS: 102 boys and 8 girls were recruited (mean age 11.5 years). All children came from villages along the basin of the River Nile in Egypt and were engaged in swimming in the local fresh water repertoires just prior to the development of the ocular lesions. 99 patients (103 eyes) showed active granulomatous anterior uveitis with distinct pearl-like white nodules in the AC measuring between 2 and 7 mm in diameter. Inactive scarred lesions were noted in 11 patients (12 eyes). Structural complications including cataract, corectopia and phthisis were documented in 29 eyes. PCR detected digenic trematode DNA in 6 out of 14 excised nodules. Histopathological examination showed aggregates of eosinophils and epithelioid cell granulomas. CONCLUSIONS: In Egypt, a unique pattern of granulomatous anterior uveitis in rural children attributable to a waterborne helminthic infection is reported. The River Nile and its fresh water fauna are implicated in our series, and the need for an environmental investigation to further outline best management options in the given endemic areas is highlighted.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Granuloma/diagnóstico
Infecções por Trematódeos/diagnóstico
Uveíte Anterior/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Egito/epidemiologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Feminino
Granuloma/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Rios
Saúde da População Rural
Microscopia com Lâmpada de Fenda/métodos
Natação
Infecções por Trematódeos/epidemiologia
Uveíte Anterior/epidemiologia
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170726
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170726
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170611
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2017-310259


  7 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28546693
[Au] Autor:John D; Selvin SST; Irodi A; Jacob P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India.
[Ti] Título:Disseminated Rhinosporidiosis with Conjunctival Involvement in an Immunocompromised Patient.
[So] Source:Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol;24(1):51-53, 2017 Jan-Mar.
[Is] ISSN:0975-1599
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Rhinosporidiosis is a granulomatous infection of mucocutaneous tissue caused by that most commonly occurs in the nasal cavity. Ocular rhinosporidiosis affects primarily the conjunctiva. Diagnosis of rhinosporidiosis is based on strong clinical suspicion and is confirmed by histopathological examination. We report a rare case of conjunctival rhinosporidiosis in an immunocompromised patient (human immunodeficiency virus) with disseminated cutaneous rhinosporidiosis. A 44-year-old male presented with a swelling in the right upper eyelid for 6 months. Excision biopsy of the ocular lesion showed multiple thick-walled, variable-sized sporangia containing endospores within the subepithelium suggestive of rhinosporidiosis. A multidrug regimen of systemic cycloserine, ketoconazole, and dapsone was administered to treat disseminated rhinosporidiosis, in addition to antiretroviral therapy. There was good response with reduction in the swellings.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Túnica Conjuntiva/patologia
Doenças da Túnica Conjuntiva/patologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido
Rinosporidiose/diagnóstico
Rhinosporidium/isolamento & purificação
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Animais
Biópsia
Túnica Conjuntiva/parasitologia
Doenças da Túnica Conjuntiva/parasitologia
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Seres Humanos
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1706
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170615
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170615
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170527
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/meajo.MEAJO_89_15


  8 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28438141
[Au] Autor:Iddawela D; Ehambaram K; Bandara P
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka. devikaiddawela@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Prevalence of Toxocara antibodies among patients clinically suspected to have ocular toxocariasis: A retrospective descriptive study in Sri Lanka.
[So] Source:BMC Ophthalmol;17(1):50, 2017 Apr 24.
[Is] ISSN:1471-2415
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Human toxocariasis, caused by Toxocara canis, T. cati, and T. vitulorum of dogs, cats and ruminants respectively, is recognized as an important zoonotic infection worldwide. The typical clinical syndromes of toxocariasis in humans are ocular larva migrans (OLM) and visceral larva migrans (VLM). The most commonly affected sites of OLM are the peripheral retina and/or vitreous humor. In Sri Lanka, there is a dearth of information on prevalence of ocular infection in our population. Therefore, the present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Toxocara antibodies in suspected OLM patients and to describe demographic factors and clinical manifestations of seropositive patients. A total of 250 clinically suspected ocular toxocariasis cases referred by consultant eye surgeons to the Department of Parasitology, University of Peradeniya were studied between the years 1995 to April 2015. METHODS: Data (age, sex, fundoscopic findings) were gathered from the referral letters. Each serum sample was subjected to Toxocara excretory - secretory antigen ELISA (TES - ELISA). RESULTS: Out of the 250 cases, 155 (62%) were seropositive. The age range of the seropositive cases was 1 to 78 years with the mean age of 27 years. The highest seropositivity (25/155) was observed within the age group of 10 to 14 years. The most frequent clinical presentation of seropositive OLM cases were unilateral reduced vision and red eye. The other symptoms include tearing, photophobia and leukokoria. A high proportion of seropositive OLM cases had uveitis (34.19%) followed by reduced vision (21.94%), vitritis (12.9%) and choroiditis (7.74%). However none of these clinical manifestations were significantly associated with TES-ELISA seropositivity except vitreits (X = 8.557, p = 0.003). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the results of this study showed high seroprevalence of toxocariasis among clinically suspected OLM cases confirming the toxoplasmic etiology. This high rate of Toxocara seropositivity in ocular patients should alert ophthalmologists in Sri Lanka to include toxocariasis in the differential diagnosis of ocular diseases presented with the symptoms and signs stated above.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Antígenos de Helmintos/imunologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Toxocara/imunologia
Toxocaríase/epidemiologia
Zoonoses/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Animais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Lactente
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Prevalência
Estudos Retrospectivos
Sri Lanka/epidemiologia
Toxocaríase/diagnóstico
Toxocaríase/parasitologia
Adulto Jovem
Zoonoses/diagnóstico
Zoonoses/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170919
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170919
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170426
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12886-017-0444-0


  9 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28316194
[Au] Autor:Chen D; Li R; Liu XW; Li Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences & Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China.
[Ti] Título:[Prevalence and treatment effects of Demodex species in eyelash follicles in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction].
[So] Source:Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi;53(3):193-197, 2017 Mar 11.
[Is] ISSN:0412-4081
[Cp] País de publicação:China
[La] Idioma:chi
[Ab] Resumo:To investigate the prevalence and treatment effects of Demodex species in eyelash follicles in patients with meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD). The MGD patients (MGD group) and normal subjects (control group) were collected from the Ophthalmology Clinic in PUMCH from July 2015 to December 2015. The symptom score of MGD patients was recorded. Eyelash sampling, Demodex counting, tear film break-up time (BUT), cornea fluorescein staining (Fl) and Schirmer test Ia (S â…  aT) were measured for both groups. All the measurements were repeated after 4 weeks of meibomian function treatment for the MGD group. Symptom score, BUT, Fl and S â… aT were normally distributed and displayed as mean± standard deviation. Demodex counting was not normally distributed and displayed as median (interquartile range 25, 75). Forty-four MGD patients (88 eyes) and 48 controls (96 eyes) were recruited. For the MGD and control groups, the number of Demodex was 3.5 (2, 7) and 0 (0, 7), respectively ( =-4.912, 0.000). The percentage of Demodex infestation was 86.4% and 39.6%, respectively (χ(2)=35.957, 0.000). The BUT was (3.57±2.09) s and (10.17±3.25) s, respectively ( -5.154, 0.000). The Fl was 2.73±1.23 and 0.85± 0.33, respectively ( 4.583, 0.000). The Sâ… aT was (8.75±5.61) s and (14.51±5.29) s, respectively ( -2.278, 0.028). The symptom score of the MGD group before and after treatment was 4.77 ± 3.01 and 2.79 ± 2.01, respectively ( 6.224, 0.000). The BUT, Fl and number of Demodex of the MGD group after the treatment were (5.43±2.37)s, (1.91±0.66) and 2 (0, 3), respectively, and all had significant difference with the data before the treatment (BUT, -4.705, 0.000. Fl, =3.902, =0.000. number of Demodex, 4.623, =0.000). The S â…  aT of the MGD group after the treatment was 8.86 ± 6.76, with no significant difference with the data before the treatment ( -0.277, 0.833). The Demodex infestation has some effects on the pathogenesis of MGD. The treatment of MGD may help to decrease the number of Demodex and thus relieve the ocular discomfort. .
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Doenças Palpebrais/epidemiologia
Glândulas Tarsais/parasitologia
Infestações por Ácaros/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
China/epidemiologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Infestações por Ácaros/diagnóstico
Infestações por Ácaros/epidemiologia
Ácaros
Prevalência
Lágrimas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170807
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170807
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170321
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3760/cma.j.issn.0412-4081.2017.03.009


  10 / 1253 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28302681
[Au] Autor:Liu J; Li S; Deng G; Yang W; Chen W; Lu H
[Ad] Endereço:Beijing Ophthalmology and Visual Science Key Laboratory, Beijing Tongren Eye Center, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:Ultrasound biomicroscopic imaging in paediatric ocular toxocariasis.
[So] Source:Br J Ophthalmol;101(11):1514-1517, 2017 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1468-2079
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:PURPOSE: To determine the potential and usefulness of ultrasound biomicroscopy (UBM) as a diagnostic procedure on a larger cohort of paediatric patients with ocular toxocariasis. METHODS: UBM was performed on 41 eyes of 41 patients with ocular toxocariasis in order to determine configuration of peripheral retina, pars plana and vitreous. Location and range of peripheral pathology using ophthalmoscopy with scleral indentation, UBM and intraoperative confirmation were recorded and compared. RESULTS: Pathological structures such as vitreous condensations or membranes of various configuration and extent were identified by UBM. UBM revealed peripheral granuloma and pseudocystic changes in the peripheral vitreous in 15 of 41 eyes. Compared with indirect ophthalmoscope, statistical analysis showed significant differences in the number of clock-hours of peripheral pathology detected by UBM (p=0.015), while statistical differences were not found between UBM and intraoperative peripheral examinations using scleral indentation (p=0.432). CONCLUSIONS: UBM seems to be a valuable and reliable diagnostic technique for the evaluation of patients with ocular toxocariasis. Longitudinal studies will have to determine the relevance of UBM findings for the individual clinical course and their influence on therapeutic decisions.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Microscopia Acústica/métodos
Toxocaríase/diagnóstico
Corpo Vítreo/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Animais
Criança
Pré-Escolar
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Feminino
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
Estudos Retrospectivos
Fatores de Tempo
Toxocara/isolamento & purificação
Toxocaríase/parasitologia
Corpo Vítreo/parasitologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171102
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171102
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170318
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bjophthalmol-2016-309850



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