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  1 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29320824
[Au] Autor:Hou H; Cao L; Ren W; Wang D; Ding H; You J; Yao X; Dong H; Guo Y; Yuan S; Zhang X; Gong P
[Ad] Endereço:Key Laboratory of Zoonosis, Ministry of Education, College of Veterinary Medicine, Jilin University, Changchun, 130062, China.
[Ti] Título:Seroprevalence of Dirofilaria immitis in Cats from Liaoning Province, Northeastern China.
[So] Source:Korean J Parasitol;55(6):673-677, 2017 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1738-0006
[Cp] País de publicação:Korea (South)
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:The present study was performed to investigate the seroprevalence and risk factors for Dirofilaria immitis infection in cats from Liaoning province, northeastern China. From October 2014 to September 2016, sera of 651 cats, including 364 domestic cats and 287 feral cats (332 females and 319 males) were assessed. They were tested for the presence of D. immitis antigen using SNAP Heartworm RT test kit. In this population, the average prevalence was 4.5%. Age and rearing conditions (feral or domestic) were found to be associated with the prevalence of D. immitis. The prevalence was significantly higher in feral cats compared with domestic cats (8.4% vs 1.4%, P<0.01). There was no significant difference between males and females (4.7% vs 4.2%, P>0.05), but older cats (≥3 years old) showed a statistically higher prevalence compared with younger cats (<3 years old) in feral populations (16.8 vs 2.4%, P<0.01), while the difference between the age groups was not statistically significant in domestic cats (2.4% vs 0.51%, P>0.05), all these results suggest that outdoor exposure time may be one of the most important factors for D. immitis prevalence in cats. Results reveal that D. immitis are prevalence in domestic and feral cats in northeastern China, which indicates that appropriate preventive measures should be taken to decrease the incidence of feline heartworm disease in Liaoning province, northeastern China.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/parasitologia
Dirofilaria immitis
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Criação de Animais Domésticos
Animais
Animais Domésticos
Antígenos de Helmintos/sangue
Biomarcadores/sangue
Doenças do Gato/prevenção & controle
Gatos
China/epidemiologia
Dirofilaria immitis/imunologia
Dirofilariose/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antigens, Helminth); 0 (Biomarkers)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180112
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.3347/kjp.2017.55.6.673


  2 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29211425
[Au] Autor:Krivorotova EY
[Ti] Título:[XENOMONITORING OF THE DIROFILARIASIS IN THE SOUTH AND NORTH-WEST OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION].
[So] Source:Parazitologiia;50(5):357-64, 2016 Sep-Oct.
[Is] ISSN:0031-1847
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Xenomonitoring (detection of filarial larvae in mosquitoes) of vectors of dirofilariasis was performed in 2009­2013 in vectors collected in southern and northwestern regions of the Russian Federation. In Rostov, Astrakhan, Krasnodar, and Novgorod Provinces and in the Republic of Adygea the degree of infestation of mosquito larvae with Dirofilaria constituted 1.8 ± 0.2 % (66/3590), 0.9 ± 0.4 % (4/470), 0.8 ± 0.2 % (11/1382), 0.7 ± 0.4 % (3/438), and 0.5 ± 0.5 % (1/190), respectively. Total degree of infestation of mosquitoes with larvae of Dirofilaria spp. constituted 2.3 ± 0.3 % (45/1936), 1.9 ± 0.4 % (25/1334), and 0.6 ± 0.1 % (15/2713) in Aedes (Meigen, 1818), Culex (Linnaeus, 1758), and Anopheles (Meigen, 1818). No microfilariae were found in Culiseta (Felt, 1904) (0/87).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Culicidae/parasitologia
Dirofilaria/fisiologia
Dirofilariose
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Larva/parasitologia
Federação Russa
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171221
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171221
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171207
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28724822
[Au] Autor:Sethi A; Puri V; Dogra N
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Ophthalmology, Indian Naval Hospital Jeevanti, Vasco da Gama, Goa, India.
[Ti] Título:An unusual presentation of lacrimal gland dirofilariasis.
[So] Source:Indian J Ophthalmol;65(7):615-617, 2017 Jul.
[Is] ISSN:1998-3689
[Cp] País de publicação:India
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Dirofilariasis is a helminthic infection caused by filarial parasite of the genus Dirofilaria. It is a common zoonotic disease mostly affecting canines and uncommon in humans. It is endemic to Mediterranean countries, with few reports from other parts of the world. The clinical forms in humans are pulmonary, subcutaneous, and ocular. Ocular involvement is rare. We report a case of lacrimal gland dirofilariasis, an unusual ocular presentation which masquerades as a lacrimal gland tumor. Ours would be the third reported case in the world and first in India. This case was managed with excision of the lacrimal gland mass. Postoperatively the patient recovered completely and there has been no recurrence in the 1-year follow-up.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dirofilaria/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilariose/diagnóstico
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico
Aparelho Lacrimal/parasitologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
Infecções Oculares Parasitárias/parasitologia
Seres Humanos
Aparelho Lacrimal/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças do Aparelho Lacrimal/parasitologia
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170721
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4103/ijo.IJO_847_16


  4 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28671076
[Au] Autor:Rishniw M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Clinical Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA; Veterinary Information Network, Davis, CA 95615, USA. Electronic address: mr89@cornell.edu.
[Ti] Título:Feline asthma or feline heartworm disease: Does the diagnosis matter?
[So] Source:Vet J;223:71-72, 2017 05.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2971
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Asma/veterinária
Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico
Dirofilariose/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico
Animais
Asma/diagnóstico
Asma/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico
Gatos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/veterinária
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Dirofilariose/tratamento farmacológico
Prognóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Adrenal Cortex Hormones)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170704
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28592295
[Au] Autor:Olivieri E; Zanzani SA; Gazzonis AL; Giudice C; Brambilla P; Alberti I; Romussi S; Lombardo R; Mortellaro CM; Banco B; Vanzulli FM; Veronesi F; Manfredi MT
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Medicine, Università degli Studi di Milano, 20133, Milan, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Angiostrongylus vasorum infection in dogs from a cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis endemic area of Northwestern Italy: a case study and a retrospective data analysis.
[So] Source:BMC Vet Res;13(1):165, 2017 Jun 07.
[Is] ISSN:1746-6148
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: In Italy, Angiostrongylus vasorum, an emergent parasite, is being diagnosed in dogs from areas considered free of infection so far. As clinical signs are multiple and common to other diseases, its diagnosis can be challenging. In particular, in areas where angiostrongylosis and dirofilariosis overlap, a misleading diagnosis of cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis might occur even on the basis of possible misleading outcomes from diagnostic kits. CASE PRESENTATION: Two Cavalier King Charles spaniel dogs from an Italian breeding in the Northwest were referred to a private veterinary hospital with respiratory signs. A cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis was diagnosed and the dogs treated with ivermectin, but one of them died. At necropsy, pulmonary oedema, enlargement of tracheo-bronchial lymphnodes and of cardiac right side were detected. Within the right ventricle lumen, adults of A. vasorum were found. All dogs from the same kennel were subjected to faecal examination by FLOTAC and Baermann's techniques to detect A. vasorum first stage larvae; blood analysis by Knott's for Dirofilaria immitis microfilariae, and antigenic tests for both A. vasorum (Angio Detect™) and D.immitis (DiroCHEK® Heartworm, Witness®Dirofilaria). The surviving dog with respiratory signs resulted positive for A. vasorum both at serum antigens and larval detection. Its Witness® test was low positive similarly to other four dogs from the same kennel, but false positive results due to cross reactions with A. vasorum were also considered. No dogs were found infected by A. vasorum. Eventually, the investigation was deepened by browsing the pathological database of Veterinary Pathology Laboratories at Veterinary School of Milan University through 1998-2016, where 11 cases of angiostrongylosis were described. Two out of 11 dogs had a mixed infection with Crenosoma vulpis. CONCLUSION: The study demonstrates the need for accurate surveys to acquire proper epidemiological data on A. vasorum infection in Northwestern Italy and for appropriate diagnostic methods. Veterinary clinicians should be warned about the occurrence of this canine parasite and the connected risk of a misleading diagnosis, particularly in areas endemic for cardiopulmonary dirofilariosis.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Angiostrongylus
Dirofilariose/diagnóstico
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Cardiopatias/veterinária
Pneumopatias Parasitárias/veterinária
Infecções por Strongylida/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Erros de Diagnóstico/veterinária
Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico
Cães
Feminino
Cardiopatias/diagnóstico
Cardiopatias/parasitologia
Pneumopatias Parasitárias/diagnóstico
Estudos Retrospectivos
Infecções por Strongylida/diagnóstico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CASE REPORTS; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170609
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s12917-017-1083-7


  6 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28448211
[Au] Autor:Mrljak V; Kules J; Mihaljevic Z; Torti M; Gotic J; Crnogaj M; Zivicnjak T; Mayer I; Smit I; Bhide M; Baric Rafaj R
[Ad] Endereço:1 Clinic for Internal Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb , Zagreb, Croatia .
[Ti] Título:Prevalence and Geographic Distribution of Vector-Borne Pathogens in Apparently Healthy Dogs in Croatia.
[So] Source:Vector Borne Zoonotic Dis;17(6):398-408, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1557-7759
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) are a group of globally extended and quickly spreading pathogens that are transmitted by various arthropod vectors. The aim of the present study was to investigate the seroprevalence against Babesia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, Leishmania infantum, Dirofilaria immitis, and Ehrlichia canis in dogs in Croatia. We investigated 435 randomly selected apparently healthy dogs in 13 different locations of Croatia for antibodies to B. canis by indirect immunofluorescence using a commercial IFA IgG Antibody Kit. All samples were also tested for qualitative detection of D. immitis antigen and for antibodies to A. phagocytophilum, B. burgdorferi sensu lato, L. infantum, and E. canis with two point-of-care assays. Overall, 112 dogs (25.74%, 95% confidence interval [CI] 21.70-30.12) were serologically positive for one or more of the pathogens. B. canis was the most prevalent pathogen (20.00%, 95% CI 16.34-24.07), followed by A. phagocytophilum (6.21%, 95% CI 4.12-8.90), L. infantum, (1.38%, 95% CI 0.51-2.97), and B. burgdorferi sensu lato (0.69%, 95% CI 0.01-2.00). The lowest seroprevalence was for D. immitis and E. canis (0.46%, 95% CI 0.01-1.65). Coinfection was determined in 12 dogs (2.76%, 95% CI 1.43-4.77), of which 10 were positive to two pathogens (7 with B. canis and A. phagocytophilum and 1 B. canis with B. burgdorferi sensu lato or L. infantum or E. canis). One dog was positive to three pathogens and another dog to four pathogens. Seroprevalence for babesia was age, breed, and lifestyle/use dependent. Purebred dogs had almost half the chance of developing disease than crossbred (OR = 0.58, p < 0.026, 95% CI 0.37-0.94). Seropositivity to B. canis was 3.41 times higher for dogs that lived outdoors/shelter (p < 0.006) or 4.57 times higher in mixed/hunting (p < 0.001) compared to indoor/companion dogs. This is the first comprehensive survey of VBP seropositivity conducted in Croatia. Some of these VBPs are zoonotic and represent a potential risk to public health.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Infecções Bacterianas/veterinária
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Vetores de Doenças
Doenças do Cão/microbiologia
Leishmaniose Visceral/veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Envelhecimento
Animais
Infecções Bacterianas/epidemiologia
Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia
Coinfecção/epidemiologia
Coinfecção/microbiologia
Coinfecção/parasitologia
Coinfecção/veterinária
Croácia/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Cães
Feminino
Leishmania infantum
Leishmaniose Visceral/epidemiologia
Leishmaniose Visceral/parasitologia
Masculino
Prevalência
Fatores de Risco
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1709
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170922
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170922
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170428
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1089/vbz.2016.1990


  7 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28432479
[Au] Autor:Genchi M; Geneteau A; Forget P; Delcombel R; Genchi C
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Veterinary Sciences, University of Parma, Parma, Italy. marco.genchi@unipr.it.
[Ti] Título:Pharmacokinetics and efficacy of an ivermectin implant for long-term prevention of Dirofilaria immitis infection in dogs.
[So] Source:Parasitol Res;116(6):1723-1728, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1432-1955
[Cp] País de publicação:Germany
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:An exploratory study was carried out to assess the in vivo efficacy of different prototypes of subcutaneous implants containing ivermectin (IVM) for the prevention of canine Dirofilaria immitis infection. The implants consisted of an ethylcellulose matrix containing IVM (3.0, 4.5, and 6.0 mg/implant; from 0.29 to 0.63 mg/kg bw) as active ingredient designed to release approximately 0.1 ng of IVM/mL in the plasma for at least 12 months. Six dogs were implanted on day -365. On day -12, three heartworm-free dogs were included in the study as a control group. All nine dogs were examined on day -7 and day 0 for circulating D. immitis microfilariae and by an antigen ELISA kit to confirm that the dogs were heartworm-free. The dogs were artificially infected with 75 D. immitis infective larvae (L3) each on day 0. Dogs in the control group were humanely euthanized on day 153 to verify the infectivity of the larvae, while implanted dogs were further examined for circulating D. immitis microfilariae and antigen on days 153, 195, and 246. The treated dogs were not necropsied. The pharmacokinetic profile of the IVM implant was assessed in plasma samples taken on day -364, then at different times until the infection day, and again on days, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 153. Throughout the study, body weights were measured during clinical examination on days 0, 30, 60, 90, 120, and 153. At necropsy, all control dogs were found infected, each with 10-11 adult heartworms. Implanted dogs were negative at both microfilaria and D. immitis antigen examinations until day 246 (8 months from the infection). IVM plasma levels ranged 0.06-0.16 ng/mL on day 0 and remained stable until day 60, afterward they gradually decreased under the limit of quantification of the method. Throughout the study, no side effect was observed. On the basis of these results, it was possible to conclude that the different prototypes of implants were able to protect the dogs from D. immitis artificial infection for at least 12 months.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dirofilariose/prevenção & controle
Doenças do Cão/prevenção & controle
Implantes de Medicamento/uso terapêutico
Ivermectina/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Peso Corporal
Dirofilaria immitis
Dirofilariose/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico
Cães
Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga
Ivermectina/administração & dosagem
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:CONTROLLED CLINICAL TRIAL; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drug Implants); 70288-86-7 (Ivermectin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171025
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171025
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170423
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1007/s00436-017-5448-4


  8 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28410950
[Au] Autor:Elhamiani Khatat S; Khallaayoune K; Errafyk N; Van Gool F; Duchateau L; Daminet S; Kachani M; El Amri H; Azrib R; Sahibi H
[Ad] Endereço:Institut Agronomique et Vétérinaire Hassan II, Madinat Al Irfane, BP 6202, Rabat-Instituts, 10101, Morocco; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, B-9820, Merelbeke, Belgium. Electronic address: elhamianis@yahoo.fr.
[Ti] Título:Detection of Anaplasma spp. and Ehrlichia spp. anibodies, and Dirofilaria immitis antigens in dogs from seven locations of Morocco.
[So] Source:Vet Parasitol;239:86-89, 2017 May 30.
[Is] ISSN:1873-2550
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:In Morocco no data has been published on canine exposure to Anaplasma spp., Borrrelia burgdorferi, and Ehrlichia spp., and only one report is available on the occurrence of Dirofilaria immitis in dogs. Therefore, the aim of this study was to collect current data on the canine exposure to these vector-borne pathogens (VBPs) in Morocco. A total of 217 urban (n=57), rural (n=110) and military (n=50) dogs from seven Moroccan locations were screened for Anaplasma spp., B. burgdorferi and Ehrlichia spp. antibodies and for D. immitis antigens using a commercial in-clinic ELISA test. Of these dogs, 182 (83.9%) tested positive for at least one pathogen and positivity to two or three pathogens was found in 14.3% and 2.3% of the dogs, respectively. Ehrlichia spp. antibodies (34.6%) were the most frequently detected followed by Anaplasma spp. antibodies (16.6%) and D. immitis antigens (16.1%). None of the dogs was tested seropositive to B. burgdorferi. Statistically significant differences in seropositivity rates were found for Ehrlichia spp. and D. immitis in rural dogs especially those from the north central region (p<0.001) but not for Anaplasma spp. No significant difference was found according to the health status of the dog. This study demonstrates that Moroccan dogs are at high risk of acquiring a vector-borne infection.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Anaplasma/imunologia
Anaplasmose/imunologia
Dirofilaria immitis/imunologia
Dirofilariose/imunologia
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Ehrlichia/imunologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Anaplasmose/epidemiologia
Animais
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/sangue
Antígenos de Helmintos/sangue
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Cães
Ehrlichiose/epidemiologia
Ehrlichiose/imunologia
Ehrlichiose/veterinária
Feminino
Masculino
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Antibodies, Bacterial); 0 (Antigens, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171031
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171031
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170416
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 2218 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:28358636
[Au] Autor:Levy JK; Burling AN; Crandall MM; Tucker SJ; Wood EG; Foster JD
[Ti] Título:Seroprevalence of heartworm infection, risk factors for seropositivity, and frequency of prescribing heartworm preventives for cats in the United States and Canada.
[So] Source:J Am Vet Med Assoc;250(8):873-880, 2017 Apr 15.
[Is] ISSN:1943-569X
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:OBJECTIVE To determine the seroprevalence of heartworm infection, risk factors for seropositivity, and frequency of prescribing heartworm preventives for cats. DESIGN Prospective cross-sectional study. ANIMALS 34,975 cats from 1,353 veterinary clinics (n = 26,707) and 125 animal shelters (8,268) in the United States and Canada. PROCEDURES Blood samples were collected from all cats and tested with a point-of-care ELISA for Dirofilaria immitis antigen, FeLV antigen, and FIV antibody. Results were compared among geographic regions and various cat groupings. RESULTS Seropositivity for heartworm antigen in cats was identified in 35 states but not in Canada; overall seroprevalence in the United States was 0.4%. Seroprevalence of heartworm infection was highest in the southern United States. A 3-fold increase in the proportion of seropositive cats was identified for those with (vs without) outdoor access, and a 2.5-fold increase was identified for cats that were unhealthy (vs healthy) when tested. Seroprevalence was 0.3% in healthy cats, 0.7% in cats with oral disease, 0.9% in cats with abscesses or bite wounds, and 1.0% in cats with respiratory disease. Coinfection with a retrovirus increased the risk of heartworm infection. Heartworm preventives were prescribed for only 12.6% of cats at testing, and prescribing was more common in regions with a higher seroprevalence. CONCLUSIONS AND CLINICAL RELEVANCE At an estimated prevalence of 0.4%, hundreds of thousands of cats in the United States are likely infected with heartworms. Given the difficulty in diagnosing infection at all clinically relevant parasite stages and lack of curative treatment options, efforts should be increased to ensure all cats receive heartworm preventives.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia
Dirofilaria immitis/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Padrões de Prática Médica
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Anti-Helmínticos/provisão & distribuição
Anti-Helmínticos/uso terapêutico
Anticorpos Anti-Helmínticos/sangue
Canadá/epidemiologia
Doenças do Gato/sangue
Doenças do Gato/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças do Gato/etiologia
Gatos
Estudos Transversais
Dirofilaria immitis/imunologia
Dirofilariose/sangue
Dirofilariose/tratamento farmacológico
Dirofilariose/etiologia
Feminino
Masculino
Estudos Prospectivos
Fatores de Risco
Estudos Soroepidemiológicos
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Medicina Veterinária
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Anthelmintics); 0 (Antibodies, Helminth)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171003
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171003
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170331
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2460/javma.250.8.873


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[PMID]:28355194
[Au] Autor:Eisenstein M
[Ti] Título:Dogs: The riddle of resistance.
[So] Source:Nature;543(7647):S50-S51, 2017 03 29.
[Is] ISSN:1476-4687
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dirofilariose/tratamento farmacológico
Dirofilariose/parasitologia
Doenças do Cão/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças do Cão/parasitologia
Resistência a Medicamentos
Medicina Veterinária
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Culicidae/parasitologia
Dirofilaria/efeitos dos fármacos
Dirofilaria/genética
Dirofilaria/isolamento & purificação
Dirofilariose/epidemiologia
Dirofilariose/transmissão
Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia
Doenças do Cão/transmissão
Cães
Resistência a Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos
Resistência a Medicamentos/genética
Falha de Tratamento
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
Medicina Veterinária/estatística & dados numéricos
Medicina Veterinária/tendências
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170808
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170808
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170330
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1038/543S50a



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