Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C10.228.140.300 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 42496 [refinar]
Mostrando: 1 .. 10   no formato [Detalhado]

página 1 de 4250 ir para página                         

  1 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29444392
[Au] Autor:Momeni M; Gaudin A
[Ti] Título:Intraoperative cerebral hypoperfusion and electroencephalogram suppression resulting in neurological complications after cardiac surgery : the need for an in depth investigation.
[So] Source:Acta Anaesthesiol Belg;67(2):73-79, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0001-5164
[Cp] País de publicação:Belgium
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Reports on the demographic profile of older populations estimate that, in 2050, 19 countries will have at least 10% of their population aged 80 years or more. Many high risk elderly patients undergo cardiac surgery. In addition, advanced age has been shown to be a strong predictor of adverse neurological outcome. Despite sig- nificant improvements achieved in the perioperative care of cardiac surgical patients, neurological complications remain a global health issue. Recent findings have pointed out that cerebral hypoperfusion and too deep levels of anesthesia are major sources of adverse neurological outcomes. Cerebral near-in-frared spectroscopy provides information about cerebral perfusion non-invasively, and is increasingly used. Depth of anesthesia is evaluated using monitors that are based on processed electroencephalogram. This non-systematic review focuses on the results of studies performed with each monitor separately, and the need for a combined evaluation of their utility and eventual impact on neurological outcomes. The use of a combined cerebral monitoring strategy based on the two aforementioned monitors is proposed in order to optimize cerebral outcomes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/etiologia
Eletroencefalografia
Monitorização Intraoperatória
Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia
Delírio/etiologia
Seres Humanos
Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180306
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180306
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180215
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29419394
[Au] Autor:Morley RL; Sharma A; Horsch AD; Hinchliffe RJ
[Ad] Endereço:North Bristol NHS Trust, Bristol, Bristol, UK.
[Ti] Título:Peripheral artery disease.
[So] Source:BMJ;360:j5842, 2018 02 01.
[Is] ISSN:1756-1833
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Aterosclerose/complicações
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações
Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações
Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Aterosclerose/patologia
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia
Complicações do Diabetes
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Inglaterra/epidemiologia
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Isquemia Miocárdica/epidemiologia
Doença Arterial Periférica/complicações
Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia
Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia
Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto
Atenção Primária à Saúde/normas
Medição de Risco
Fatores de Risco
Fumar/efeitos adversos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1136/bmj.j5842


  3 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28455324
[Au] Autor:Kulick ER; Wellenius GA; Kaufman JD; DeRosa JT; Kinney PL; Cheung YK; Wright CB; Sacco RL; Elkind MS
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health (E.R.K., M.S.E.), Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons (E.R.K., J.T.D., M.S.E.), and Department of Biostatistics, Mailman School of Public Health (Y.K.C.), Columbia University, New York, NY; Department of Epi
[Ti] Título:Long-Term Exposure to Ambient Air Pollution and Subclinical Cerebrovascular Disease in NOMAS (the Northern Manhattan Study).
[So] Source:Stroke;48(7):1966-1968, 2017 07.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4628
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease and stroke. We hypothesized that long-term exposure to air pollution would be associated with magnetic resonance imaging markers of subclinical cerebrovascular disease. METHODS: Participants were 1075 stroke-free individuals aged ≥50 years drawn from the magnetic resonance imaging subcohort of the Northern Manhattan Study who had lived at the same residence for at least 2 years before magnetic resonance imaging. Cross-sectional associations between ambient air pollution and subclinical cerebrovascular disease were analyzed. RESULTS: We found an association between distance to roadway, a proxy for residential exposure to traffic pollution, and white matter hyperintensity volume; however, after adjusting for risk factors, this relationship was no longer present. All other associations between pollutant measures and white matter hyperintensity volume were null. There was no clear association between exposure to air pollutants and subclinical brain infarcts or total cerebral brain volume. CONCLUSIONS: We found no evidence that long-term exposure to ambient air pollution is independently associated with subclinical cerebrovascular disease in an urban population-based cohort.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/induzido quimicamente
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais
Estudos Transversais
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Cidade de Nova Iorque
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; RESEARCH SUPPORT, N.I.H., EXTRAMURAL; RESEARCH SUPPORT, U.S. GOV'T, NON-P.H.S.
[Em] Mês de entrada:1707
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180305
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180305
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016672


  4 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:27774897
[Au] Autor:Li J; Gao Y; Ren X; Li Y; Wu L; Yang X; Wang J; Shang H; Xiong X; Xing Y
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Cardiology, Guang`anmen Hospital, Chinese Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.
[Ti] Título:The Role of Biologically Active Ingredients from Chinese Herbal Medicines in the Regulation of Autophagy in Treating Cardiovascular Diseases and Other Chronic Diseases.
[So] Source:Curr Pharm Des;23(7):1060-1069, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:1873-4286
[Cp] País de publicação:Netherlands
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Autophagy, a highly conserved starvation response mechanism with both defensive and protective effects in eukaryotic cells, is a lysosome-mediated degradation process for non-essential or damaged cellular constituents. It plays an important role in the cell survival, differentiation and development to maintain homeostasis. Autophagy is involved in cardiovascular diseases, cerebrovascular diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases, as well as tumours. Thus, modulating autophagy may provide potential therapeutic strategies. Recently, many active components of Chinese herbal medicines (CHM) have been found to modulate autophagy in myocardial cells, cerebral vascular cells, endothelial cells and tumour cells. This paper reviews the advances in studies on the active components of CHM that modulating autophagy in treating cardiovascular diseases and other chronic diseases over the past five years.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/tratamento farmacológico
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/tratamento farmacológico
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia
Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico
Doenças Neurodegenerativas/tratamento farmacológico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/patologia
Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação
Seres Humanos
Neoplasias/patologia
Doenças Neurodegenerativas/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW; RESEARCH SUPPORT, NON-U.S. GOV'T
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Drugs, Chinese Herbal)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180228
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180228
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161025
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.2174/1381612822666161021161850


  5 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28454636
[Au] Autor:Udesh R; Mehta A; Gleason T; Thirumala PD
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Neurological Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
[Ti] Título:Carotid artery disease and perioperative stroke risk after surgical aortic valve replacement: A nationwide inpatient sample analysis.
[So] Source:J Clin Neurosci;42:91-96, 2017 Aug.
[Is] ISSN:1532-2653
[Cp] País de publicação:Scotland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:To study the role of carotid stenosis (CS) and cerebrovascular disease as independent risk factors for perioperative stroke following surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). The National Inpatient Sample (NIS) database was used for our study. All patients who underwent SAVR from 1999 to 2011 were identified using ICD-9 codes. Univariate and multivariate analysis of baseline characteristics, Elixhauser comorbidities and other covariates were examined to identify independent predictors of perioperative strokes following SAVR. Data on 50,979 patients who underwent SAVR from 1999 to 2011 was obtained. The mean age of the study cohort was 60.5. The study patients were predominantly Caucasian (79.3%) and males (60.01%). The incidence of perioperative stroke was 2.48%. CS (OR 1.8, 95%CI 1.1-2.8, p=0.009) and cerebral arterial occlusion (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.3-8.9) significantly increased perioperative stroke risk following SAVR. Infective endocarditis (OR 4.6, 95%CI 3.8-5.6, p=0.00) and neurological disorders (OR 4.8, 95% CI 4-5.8, p=0.00) appeared to be the strongest risk factors for strokes. Other risk factors found to be significant predictors of perioperative strokes (p<0.05) were - age, higher VWR scores, CS, cerebral arterial occlusion, infective endocarditis, DM, HTN, renal failure, neurological disorders, coagulopathy and hypothyroidsm. In conclusion, perioperative stroke risk has remained more or less constant despite advancements in surgical techniques with risk having gone up in patients <65years of age. CS and cerebral arterial occlusion significantly increase stroke risk following SAVR. Improved patient selection with pre-operative risk stratification and institution of preventive strategies are necessary to improve operative outcomes following SAVR.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia
Estenose das Carótidas/epidemiologia
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia
Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia
Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Comorbidade
Feminino
Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Pacientes Internados
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Fatores de Risco
Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180219
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180219
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170430
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29419677
[Au] Autor:Chu WM; Ho HE; Wang JD; Chan WC; Liou YS; Ho WC; Hu SY; Tsan YT
[Ad] Endereço:Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung.
[Ti] Título:Risk of major comorbidities among workers with hemophilia: A 14-year population-based study.
[So] Source:Medicine (Baltimore);97(6):e9803, 2018 Feb.
[Is] ISSN:1536-5964
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Multiple comorbidities, especially musculoskeletal dysfunction and cerebrovascular disease, remain barriers to normal social participation among persons with hemophilia (PWH). However, the relative health effects of such comorbidities on workers with hemophilia have seldom been explored. In this study, we investigated the incidence of comorbidities and their risk factors among workers with hemophilia.The study compared the incidence and risk factors of the major comorbidities of 411 workers with hemophilia enrolled in Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database between 1997 and 2010 with an age- and sex-matched general population.Compared with the general population, workers with hemophilia had higher risks for hemorrhagic stroke, arthritis/arthropathy, and knee/hip replacement among workers with hemophilia after multivariate adjustment, with hazard ratios (95% CI) of 4.60 (2.81-7.53), 4.03 (3.34-4.87), and 1.29 (1.10-1.41), respectively.Disorder of joints, hemophilia-related arthritis/arthropathy, hemorrhagic stroke, and knee/hip replacement remain significant comorbidities among workers with hemophilia, which will result in increased social burden. Policymakers and employers should apply appropriate interventions to help prevent productivity losses, reduced workforce participation, sick leave, and work disability among hemophilia workers.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia
Hemofilia A/epidemiologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Comorbidade
Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença
Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Incidência
Estudos Longitudinais
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Política Pública
Fatores de Risco
Taiwan/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180216
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180216
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:AIM; IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180209
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000009803


  7 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29182834
[Au] Autor:Tsuruya K
[Ti] Título:[Cerebrovascular disease in chronic kidney disease.]
[So] Source:Nihon Naika Gakkai Zasshi;105(5):825-833, 2016 May.
[Is] ISSN:0021-5384
[Cp] País de publicação:Japan
[La] Idioma:jpn
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/complicações
Insuficiência Renal Crônica/complicações
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Albuminúria/complicações
Seres Humanos
Hiperlipidemias/complicações
Prognóstico
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180214
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180214
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171129
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
[PMID]:29205019
[Au] Autor:Strandberg T; Kivipelto M
[Ti] Título:Healthy habits - healthy brain.
[So] Source:Duodecim;133(2):195-200, 2017.
[Is] ISSN:0012-7183
[Cp] País de publicação:Finland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:A multifactorial memory disease with old-age onset forms a continuum having at one end a "clear" Alzheimer-type form, with a pathophysiology involving a central role played by the accumulation of amyloid protein, and a purely arterial disease at the other end. Most of the cases exhibit a mixed form. As the options of prevention of arterial diseases are well known, this will also provide possibilities for extensive prevention of memory diseases. Central measures include physical activity, a healthy diet and intervention in risk factors - early enough, of course. What is good for the heart is generally good for the brain as well.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/prevenção & controle
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia
Exercício/fisiologia
Envelhecimento Saudável/fisiologia
Dieta Saudável
Estilo de Vida Saudável
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Seres Humanos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1801
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180115
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180115
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171206
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record next record last record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:29056397
[Au] Autor:Boudreau CE
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Texas A&M University, TAMU 4474, College Station, TX 77843-4474, USA. Electronic address: Bboudreau@cvm.tamu.edu.
[Ti] Título:An Update on Cerebrovascular Disease in Dogs and Cats.
[So] Source:Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract;48(1):45-62, 2018 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1878-1306
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This article reviews definitions and normal anatomy and physiology of canine and feline cerebral vasculature. The pathophysiology of cerebrovascular disease (CVD), which results from disturbance of cerebral blood supply, is described, along with its common causes and correlative findings. The general clinical presentation of companion animals is described, although specific neurologic abnormalities depend on the neuroanatomic location of the disrupted blood supply. Current and future diagnostic approaches are described, including ancillary testing for predisposing factors. Acute and chronic management of patients with CVD is discussed. The prognosis for dogs and cats with acute CVD is generally considered good.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doenças do Gato
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/veterinária
Doenças do Cão
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Doenças do Gato/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças do Gato/fisiopatologia
Doenças do Gato/terapia
Gatos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico por imagem
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/fisiopatologia
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/terapia
Comorbidade
Doenças do Cão/diagnóstico por imagem
Doenças do Cão/fisiopatologia
Doenças do Cão/terapia
Cães
Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico
Prognóstico
Fatores de Risco
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Fibrinolytic Agents)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171222
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171222
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:171024
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  10 / 42496 MEDLINE  
              first record previous record
seleciona
para imprimir
Fotocópia
Texto completo
[PMID]:28456413
[Au] Autor:Weber A; Clerc M
[Ad] Endereço:Hamm-Lippstadt University of Applied Sciences, Department 2, Marker Allee 76-78, 59063 Hamm, Germany. Electronic address: anke.weber@hshl.de.
[Ti] Título:Deaths amenable to health care: Converging trends in the EU?
[So] Source:Health Policy;121(6):644-652, 2017 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1872-6054
[Cp] País de publicação:Ireland
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Amenable mortality has been recently included in the joint monitoring tool by the European Commission and Member States to assess a country's health system performance. Amenable deaths are premature deaths, which should not have occurred at this stage in the light of timely and effective health care. This paper recalculated annual amenable mortality rates for 28EU countries and the EU for the period 1994-2013 based on the recently published list of deaths amenable to health care by Eurostat. Thereby, it offers a consistent calculation of amenable mortality across European Member States and provides time series data on amenable mortality. In addition, a sensitivity analysis of the amenable mortality indicator for varying age limits and attributional weights of circulatory system diseases is carried out. While large improvements were made in reducing amenable deaths in all European countries, great variations persist among Member States. Most of the decreases in amenable mortality are explained by a substantial reduction of deaths due to circulatory system diseases. In addition, even in countries with good national performance on amenable mortality, sub-national analysis shows that great regional disparities exist. The sensitivity analysis revealed that for the large majority of countries results are stable across different attributional weights used for ischaemic heart diseases and cerebrovascular diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: União Europeia/estatística & dados numéricos
Mortalidade Prematura/tendências
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Fatores Etários
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade
Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; REVIEW
[Em] Mês de entrada:1712
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171213
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171213
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:H
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:170501
[St] Status:MEDLINE



página 1 de 4250 ir para página                         
   


Refinar a pesquisa
  Base de dados : MEDLINE Formulário avançado   

    Pesquisar no campo  
1  
2
3
 
           



Search engine: iAH v2.6 powered by WWWISIS

BIREME/OPAS/OMS - Centro Latino-Americano e do Caribe de Informação em Ciências da Saúde