Base de dados : MEDLINE
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[PMID]:29325588
[Au] Autor:Nørstebø H; Rachah A; Dalen G; Rønningen O; Whist AC; Reksen O
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Production Animal Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, PO Box 8146 Dep, 0033, Oslo, Norway. havard.norstebo@nmbu.no.
[Ti] Título:Milk-flow data collected routinely in an automatic milking system: an alternative to milking-time testing in the management of teat-end condition?
[So] Source:Acta Vet Scand;60(1):2, 2018 Jan 11.
[Is] ISSN:1751-0147
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Having a poor teat-end condition is associated with increased mastitis risk, hence avoiding milking machine settings that have a negative effect on teat-end condition is important for successful dairy production. Milking-time testing (MTT) can be used in the evaluation of vacuum conditions during milking, but the method is less suited for herds using automatic milking systems (AMS) and relationships with teat end condition is poorly described. This study aimed to increase knowledge on interpretation of MTT in AMS and to assess whether milk-flow data obtained routinely by an AMS can be useful for the management of teat-end health. A cross-sectional study, including 251 teats of 79 Norwegian Red cows milked by AMS was performed in the research herd of the Norwegian University of Life Sciences. The following MTT variables were obtained at teat level: Average vacuum level in the short milk tube during main milking (MTVAC), average vacuum in the mouthpiece chamber during main milking and overmilking, teat compression intensity (COMPR) and overmilking time. Average and peak milk flow rates were obtained at quarter level from the AMS software. Teat-end callosity thickness and roughness was registered, and teat dimensions; length, and width at apex and base, were measured. Interrelationships among variables obtained by MTT, quarter milk flow variables, and teat dimensions were described. Associations between these variables and teat-end callosity thickness and roughness, were investigated. RESULTS: Principal component analysis showed clusters of strongly related variables. There was a strong negative relationship between MTVAC and average milk flow rate. The variables MTVAC, COMPR and average and peak milk flow rate were associated with both thickness and roughness of the callosity ring. CONCLUSIONS: Quarter milk flow rate obtained directly from the AMS software was useful in assessing associations between milking machine function and teat-end condition; low average milk flow rates were associated with a higher likelihood of the teat having a thickened or roughened teat-end callosity ring. Since information on milk flow rate is readily available from the herd management system, this information might be used when evaluating causes for impaired teat-end condition in AMS.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/prevenção & controle
Indústria de Laticínios/métodos
Lactação/fisiologia
Glândulas Mamárias Animais/patologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Animais
Calosidades/etiologia
Calosidades/patologia
Bovinos
Estudos Transversais
Indústria de Laticínios/instrumentação
Feminino
Análise de Componente Principal
Fatores de Tempo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1802
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180227
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180227
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1186/s13028-018-0356-x


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[PMID]:27893856
[Au] Autor:Betekhtin A; Rojek M; Milewska-Hendel A; Gawecki R; Karcz J; Kurczynska E; Hasterok R
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Plant Anatomy and Cytology, Faculty of Biology and Environmental Protection, University of Silesia in Katowice, Katowice, Poland.
[Ti] Título:Spatial Distribution of Selected Chemical Cell Wall Components in the Embryogenic Callus of Brachypodium distachyon.
[So] Source:PLoS One;11(11):e0167426, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:1932-6203
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Brachypodium distachyon L. Beauv. (Brachypodium) is a species that has become an excellent model system for gaining a better understanding of various areas of grass biology and improving plant breeding. Although there are some studies of an in vitro Brachypodium culture including somatic embryogenesis, detailed knowledge of the composition of the main cell wall components in the embryogenic callus in this species is missing. Therefore, using the immunocytochemical approach, we targeted 17 different antigens of which five were against the arabinogalactan proteins (AGP), three were against extensins, six recognised pectic epitopes and two recognised hemicelluloses. These studies were complemented by histological and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) analyses. We revealed that the characteristic cell wall components of Brachypodium embryogenic calli are AGP epitopes that are recognised by the JIM16 and LM2 antibodies, an extensin epitope that is recognised by the JIM11 antibody and a pectic epitopes that is recognised by the LM6 antibody. Furthermore, we demonstrated that AGPs and pectins are the components of the extracellular matrix network in Brachypodium embryogenic culture. Additionally, SEM analysis demonstrated the presence of an extracellular matrix on the surface of the calli cells. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of the cell walls and ECMSN of Brachypodium callus show spatial differences that correlate with the embryogenic character of the cells. Thus, the distribution of pectins, AGPs and hemicelluloses can be used as molecular markers of embryogenic cells. The presented data extends the knowledge about the chemical composition of the embryogenic callus cells of Brachypodium.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Brachypodium/metabolismo
Calosidades/metabolismo
Parede Celular/metabolismo
Mucoproteínas/metabolismo
Técnicas de Embriogênese Somática de Plantas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brachypodium/embriologia
Brachypodium/ultraestrutura
Parede Celular/ultraestrutura
Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura
Pectinas/metabolismo
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Mucoproteins); 0 (Pectins); 0 (Plant Proteins); 0 (arabinogalactan proteins); 89NA02M4RX (pectin)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1708
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170801
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170801
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161129
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0167426


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[PMID]:27810021
[Au] Autor:Borchgrevink GE; Viset AT; Witsø E; Schei B; Foss OA
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St. Olavs University Hospital, Trondheim, Norway. Electronic address: Grethe.Borchgrevink@stolav.no.
[Ti] Título:Does the use of high-heeled shoes lead to fore-foot pathology? A controlled cohort study comprising 197 women.
[So] Source:Foot Ankle Surg;22(4):239-243, 2016 Dec.
[Is] ISSN:1460-9584
[Cp] País de publicação:France
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: High-heeled shoes have been suggested as a main explanation for the female dominance in foot pain and deformities. Aim of study was to test this hypothesis scientifically. METHODS: Women 40-66 years were included in two groups. 95 women who had worn high-heeled shoes at work for at least 5 years were compared to 102 women who had never worn high-heeled shoes at work. The investigations were weight bearing radiographs of foot and ankle, the SEFAS questionnaire and the AOFAS Clinical Rating System. Evaluators were blinded to the group-affiliation. RESULTS: Radiographs showed no statistically significant differences between the two groups concerning deformities or joint disease. Foot function measured by SEFAS and AOFAS total score, were similar in the two groups. The high-heeled group had more pain and more callosities. CONCLUSION: For women aged 40-66 years wearing of high-heeled shoes had not caused foot deformation, but more foot pain and callosities.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/epidemiologia
Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/etiologia
Dor/etiologia
Sapatos/efeitos adversos
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Calosidades/etiologia
Calosidades/fisiopatologia
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
/fisiopatologia
Deformidades Adquiridas do Pé/fisiopatologia
Hallux Valgus/etiologia
Hallux Valgus/fisiopatologia
Seres Humanos
Meia-Idade
Dor/fisiopatologia
Prevalência
Valores de Referência
Medição de Risco
Suporte de Carga
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1710
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171018
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171018
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:161105
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27427997
[Au] Autor:Balevi A; Engin Uysal S; Doga Ustuner P; Ozdemir M
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Istanbul Medipol University Istanbul, Turkey.
[Ti] Título:How I Do It: Treatment of Plantar Calluses and Corns With an Erbium-Doped Yttrium Aluminum Garnet Laser.
[So] Source:Dermatol Surg;42(11):1304-1307, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1524-4725
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/cirurgia
Dermatoses do Pé/cirurgia
Terapia a Laser/métodos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estudos Retrospectivos
Resultado do Tratamento
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1704
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170817
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170817
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160719
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27323058
[Au] Autor:Ematné HJ; Nunes JA; Dias KO; Prado PE; Souza JC
[Ad] Endereço:Departmento de Biologia, Universidade Federal de Lavras, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
[Ti] Título:Estimate of genetic gain in popcorn after cycles of phenotypic recurrent selection.
[So] Source:Genet Mol Res;15(2), 2016 May 20.
[Is] ISSN:1676-5680
[Cp] País de publicação:Brazil
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Popcorn is widely consumed in Brazil, yet there are few breeding programs for this crop. Recurrent selection (RS) is a viable breeding alternative for popcorn; however, the gains achieved must be frequently checked. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of selection for grain type (round and pointed) after four cycles of phenotypic RS on the main agronomic traits of popcorn, to estimate the genetic gain achieved for the trait of expansion volume (EV), and to obtain estimates of phenotypic correlations for the main traits of the crop in the UFLA E and UFLA R populations. The zero, one, two, and three cycles of the UFLA E and UFLA R populations, the fourth cycle, and the controls IAC-112 and IAC-125 were used. The experiments were conducted at the experimental farm of Universidade Federal de Lavras (UFLA; Environment 1) and at the experimental area of the Genetics and Plant Breeding Sector of the Department of Biology at UFLA (Environment 2) in the 2010/11 crop season. Nine agronomic traits were evaluated, including EV and grain yield (GY). The UFLA R and UFLA E populations showed similar behavior for all evaluated traits. The type of grain did not affect the genetic gain for EV, which was 5 and 3.7% in each cycle carried out in the UFLA E and UFLA R population, respectively. Phenotypic selection carried out during recombination for EV is an effective method for increasing expression of the trait. EV and GY did not show a linear association.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/genética
Grãos Comestíveis/genética
Característica Quantitativa Herdável
Seleção Genética
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Brasil
Cruzamento
Cruzamentos Genéticos
Meio Ambiente
Fenótipo
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1702
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170209
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170209
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160621
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.4238/gmr.15026860


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[PMID]:27162193
[Au] Autor:Hamatani M; Mori T; Oe M; Noguchi H; Takehara K; Amemiya A; Ohashi Y; Ueki K; Kadowaki T; Sanada H
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Gerontological Nursing/Wound Care Management, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.
[Ti] Título:Factors Associated With Callus in Patients with Diabetes, Focused on Plantar Shear Stress During Gait.
[So] Source:J Diabetes Sci Technol;10(6):1353-1359, 2016 Nov.
[Is] ISSN:1932-2968
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to identify whether plantar shear stress in neuropathic patients with diabetes with callus is increased compared with those without callus. METHOD: The differences in foot deformity, limited joint mobility, repetitive stress of walking, and ill-fitting shoes between patients with callus and those without callus were also determined. Subjects were recruited from the Diabetic Foot Outpatient Clinic. A newly developed in-shoe measurement system, which has flexible and thin insoles, enabled measurement of both plantar pressure and shear stress simultaneously when subjects walked as usual on a 10 m walkway. RESULTS: It was found that plantar shear stress adjusted for weight during the push-off phase was increased by 1.32 times in patients with callus compared with those without callus (mean ± SD: 0.0500 ± 0.0160 vs 0.0380 ± 0.0144, P = .031). Moreover, hallux valgus deformity, reduction in dorsiflexion of the ankle joint and increase in plantar flexion were showed in feet with callus. Increased plantar shear stress may be caused by gait change that patients having callus push off with the metatarsal head instead of the toe as a result of foot deformity and limited joint mobility. CONCLUSIONS: It was found that plantar shear stress adjusted for weight during the push-off phase was increased in patients with callus compared with those without callus by using the newly developed measurement system. These results suggest that reduction of plantar shear stress during the push-off phase can prevent callus formation in neuropathic patients with diabetes.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/etiologia
Pé Diabético/complicações
/patologia
/fisiopatologia
Marcha
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Idoso
Fenômenos Biomecânicos
Estudos Transversais
Pé Diabético/patologia
Pé Diabético/fisiopatologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Estresse Mecânico
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Em] Mês de entrada:1711
[Cu] Atualização por classe:171109
[Lr] Data última revisão:
171109
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160511
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:27023088
[Au] Autor:Zaiac MN; Mlacker S; Shah VV; Simmons BJ
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Herbert Wertheim College of Medicine, Florida International University, Miami Beach, USA.
[Ti] Título:Clinical pearl: the squeeze maneuver.
[So] Source:Cutis;97(3):202;204, 2016 Mar.
[Is] ISSN:2326-6929
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:Plantar warts can be distinguished from calluses using the squeeze maneuver, a quick and easy method to diagnose plantar warts. This technique negates the need for an expensive diagnostic tool.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/diagnóstico
Doenças do Pé/diagnóstico
Verrugas/diagnóstico
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Calosidades/patologia
Diagnóstico Diferencial
Doenças do Pé/patologia
Seres Humanos
Verrugas/patologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1701
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170104
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170104
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160330
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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[PMID]:26756513
[Au] Autor:Patruno C; Napolitano M; La Bella S; Ayala F; Balato N; Cantelli M; Balato A
[Ad] Endereço:From the Department of Dermatology, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy.
[Ti] Título:Instrument-related Skin Disorders in Musicians.
[So] Source:Dermatitis;27(1):26-9, 2016 Jan-Feb.
[Is] ISSN:2162-5220
[Cp] País de publicação:United States
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:BACKGROUND: Among artists, musicians may suffer from occupational skin problems; notwithstanding, these conditions have been rarely reviewed. The characteristics of individual performer and the type of instrument will determine the kind of disease. Moreover, the hours that the musician spent to advance artistic skill may influence the severity. OBJECTIVE: The frequency and risk factors of instrument-related skin disorders in musicians from southern Italy were analyzed. METHODS: An observational study was conducted in 628 musicians. A questionnaire including questions related to age, sex, instrument played, musical activity, previous or current skin disorders, and impact of skin symptoms on music making was submitted. RESULTS: Of 628 musicians, 199 (31.7%) reported suffering from at least 1 skin disease. Cutaneous diseases likely directly correlated with the use of the musical instrument were found in 129 (20.5%) of the 628 subjects. In particular, different patterns of irritant contact dermatitis were found. CONCLUSIONS: Skin conditions may be a significant problem in professional instrumentalists. They are mainly related to musical activity. Preventive measures should be established.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Dermatite Irritante/epidemiologia
Dermatite Ocupacional/epidemiologia
Música
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Adulto
Idoso
Calosidades/epidemiologia
Calosidades/etiologia
Dermatite Irritante/etiologia
Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Itália/epidemiologia
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Níquel/efeitos adversos
Fatores de Risco
Inquéritos e Questionários
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE; OBSERVATIONAL STUDY
[Nm] Nome de substância:
4FLT4T3WUN (nickel sulfate); 7OV03QG267 (Nickel)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1606
[Cu] Atualização por classe:160113
[Lr] Data última revisão:
160113
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:160113
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1097/DER.0000000000000153


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[PMID]:26668108
[Au] Autor:Stephenson J; Farndon L; Concannon M
[Ad] Endereço:University of Huddersfield, Huddersfield, UK.
[Ti] Título:Analysis of a trial assessing the long-term effectiveness of salicylic acid plasters compared with scalpel debridement in facilitating corn resolution in patients with multiple corns.
[So] Source:J Dermatol;43(6):662-9, 2016 Jun.
[Is] ISSN:1346-8138
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Ab] Resumo:This study assesses the effect of salicylic acid plasters on the time to resolution of 324 corns experienced by 201 participants taking part in a randomized controlled trial. While the rate of corn resolution was substantively higher in the treatment group than in the control group, treatment was found to be not significantly related to time to corn recurrence when analyzed over the full 12-month follow-up period. Parametric survival analysis modeling of interval-censored data and incorporating patient-specific frailty terms was utilized, to model correlation of corns within patients (hazard ratio [HR], 1.189; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.780-1.813; P = 0.422). Median resolution times were 10.0 months for corns in the treatment group and 13.4 months for corns in the control group. Controlling for treatment, corn type was found to be related to resolution time, with dorsal/interdigital (ID) corns showing better resolution than plantar corns (HR, 1.670; 95% CI, 1.061-2.630; P = 0.027). Median resolution times were 5.9 months for dorsal/ID corns and 14.9 months for plantar corns. Secondary measures relating to quality of life (QoL) and foot-related disability, using the EQ-5D questionnaire and the Manchester Foot Pain and Disability Index (MFPDI), were also assessed at the patient level in multivariate models. Treatment was not significantly related to any of these measures over the whole period of analysis. However, a trend analysis revealed a quadratic trend in QoL and MFPDI scores, arising from a substantive initial improvement between baseline and 3 months, followed by a gradual decrease between 3 and 12 months.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/tratamento farmacológico
Calosidades/cirurgia
Desbridamento
Ceratolíticos/administração & dosagem
Ácido Salicílico/administração & dosagem
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Idoso
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:COMPARATIVE STUDY; JOURNAL ARTICLE; RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Keratolytic Agents); O414PZ4LPZ (Salicylic Acid)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1705
[Cu] Atualização por classe:170526
[Lr] Data última revisão:
170526
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151216
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/1346-8138.13203


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[PMID]:26499081
[Au] Autor:Demir B; Erden I; Ucak H; Demir S; Cicek D; Ozturk S
[Ad] Endereço:Department of Dermatology, Firat University Hospital, Elazig, Turkey. drbkaraca@yahoo.com.
[Ti] Título:Quality of life in patients with calluses.
[So] Source:Int J Dermatol;55(1):e47-9, 2016 Jan.
[Is] ISSN:1365-4632
[Cp] País de publicação:England
[La] Idioma:eng
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Calosidades/diagnóstico
Calosidades/psicologia
Qualidade de Vida
Inquéritos e Questionários
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adaptação Psicológica
Adulto
Fatores Etários
Calosidades/tratamento farmacológico
Estudos de Casos e Controles
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Meia-Idade
Valores de Referência
Medição de Risco
Fatores Sexuais
Perfil de Impacto da Doença
Adulto Jovem
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:LETTER
[Em] Mês de entrada:1610
[Cu] Atualização por classe:161230
[Lr] Data última revisão:
161230
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:151027
[St] Status:MEDLINE
[do] DOI:10.1111/ijd.12996



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