Base de dados : MEDLINE
Pesquisa : C20.543.312 [Categoria DeCS]
Referências encontradas : 1059 [refinar]
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  1 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446576
[Au] Autor:Makarov OA; Zimina AN; Nenakhova EV
[Ti] Título:[Ambient air pollution of territories of children preschool institutions by emissions of vehicle components and health of children population].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1188-92, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The aim of this study was the assessment of levels of pollution of territories of preschool educational institutions (PEI) by components of vehicle emissions, in dependence on their locations relatively to highways with different traffic load and, in this regard, the assessment of children health according to the incidence on the seeking medical advice. To achieve this goal there were solved following tasks: to assess air pollution levels of PEI territories by components of vehicle emissions; to evaluate levels and the structure of morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending observed PEI. In the article there is presented the evaluation of air pollution levels of the components of vehicle emissions territories 4 PEI of the city of Irkutsk located near to highways with different intensity the road transport load. The research results were obtained with the use of «Methodics for the determination vehicle emissions for summary calculations of ambient air pollution in cities¼, which allows to determine the maximum emissions of a moving vehicle per time unit (g/s) for the main combustion components and with following use of software «Superhighway -city¼ to calculate surface concentrations of considered pollutants in the surface ambient air layer (1 m) in MPC proportions. The highest levels of contamination on the content of nitric oxide and benzo- (a)-pyrene (4 and 6,5 MPC respectively) are registered in the territories adjacent to the PEI motorways with high load tracking. To assess the morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice by children attending PEI with different road transport load there were used records from outpatient medical cards «Medical card of the child¼ (f.112/y). Morbidity rate according to seeking medical advice was evaluated in dynamics throughout five years and calculated per 1000 cases. The total sample size accounted for 670 children. The highest morbidity incidence rate levels according both to seeking medical advice and the class of respiratory diseases were recorded in PEI located in close proximity to the highway with a high load of vehicle transport.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Doença Ambiental
Material Particulado
Serviços de Saúde Escolar
Emissões de Veículos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Poluição do Ar/prevenção & controle
Automóveis/classificação
Automóveis/normas
Benzo(a)pireno/análise
Saúde da Criança
Pré-Escolar
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Seres Humanos
Óxido Nítrico/análise
Material Particulado/efeitos adversos
Material Particulado/análise
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
Emissões de Veículos/análise
Emissões de Veículos/prevenção & controle
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Particulate Matter); 0 (Vehicle Emissions); 31C4KY9ESH (Nitric Oxide); 3417WMA06D (Benzo(a)pyrene)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  2 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29446281
[Au] Autor:Shalina TI; Nikolaeva LA; Savchenkov MF; Bykov YN; Manueva RS
[Ti] Título:[Environmental pollution with fluoride compounds and their influence on children health].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(12):1133-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Data of hygienic studies of air and soil during last 20 years have confirmed their correlating relationship with the general morbidity and a group of musculoskeletal diseases in children living in cities with the technogenic pollution of the environment. Their bones were established to grow unevenly and disproportionally, in 76% of children there have been violations in the development and growth of bones. The results of X-ray examination of hand bones in children and adolescents in the Irkutsk and Shelekhov cities are presented. Significant differences in morbidity patterns among children and adolescents including an increased incidence of musculoskeletal diseases by 5.6 in children and by 12 in adolescents have been revealed.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Ambiental
Compostos de Flúor
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise
Desenvolvimento Ósseo/efeitos dos fármacos
Osso e Ossos/diagnóstico por imagem
Criança
Saúde da Criança/normas
Saúde da Criança/estatística & dados numéricos
Pré-Escolar
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Compostos de Flúor/efeitos adversos
Compostos de Flúor/análise
Seguimentos
Seres Humanos
Masculino
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle
Sibéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Air Pollutants); 0 (Fluorine Compounds)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180216
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  3 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431967
[Au] Autor:Izmaylova OA; Kiku PF; Yarygina MV; Moreva VG; Ananev VY; Kosolapov AB
[Ti] Título:[Hygienic aspects of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents of the Primorsky Krai].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(11):1075-9, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:With the use of the methodology of the system approach there were obtained results of the evaluation of the occurrence of ecology-dependent diseases in children and adolescents in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. Analysis of the prevalence of the main classes of ecologically dependent diseases according to the appealability (diseases of the respiratory system, diseases of digestive organs, diseases of blood and blood-forming organs, diseases of the circulatory system, diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue, diseases of the genitourinary system, neoplasms, congenital anomalies, infectious diseases) was performed with the use of official statistical report forms No. 12 (ICD-10) over the period of2000-2014. Informational Database of parameters of the environment was represented by the factor modules: 6 - sanitary, and 5-environmental ones). By means of the method of the regression analysis there was established the relationship between environmental factors and the prevalence of ecological-dependent diseases, there were calculated values of the factor loads influencing on the indices of the morbidity rate in children and adolescents. The analysis of morbidity according to classes showed that during the study period, in the total there was a gain in the indicator ecologically dependent morbidity rate in children by 33.3%, in adolescents - by 35.3%. In the children and adolescent population there are prevalent diseases of the respiratory system - 67.3% and 52.45%, respectively; further in children and adolescent groups diseases of the digestive system - 9.45% and 17.08% take place; then in the children cohort are infectious diseases, and in adolescents - diseases of the genitourinary system. The level of ecologically dependent morbidity rate is determined by the complex impact of environmental and hygienic factors, with a predominance of sanitary-hygienic component and related with it parameters of the environment of habitation, such as chemical pollution of urban areas (soil, air, water sources), nevertheless biotropic factors (temperature, humidity, fog, number of days with biologically active solar radiation) make a significant contribution. The revealed various degree of the response of children and adolescents through the prevalence rate level to the exposure of ecological and hygienic factors of environment should be taken into account in the development and carrying out medical-preventive measures.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/organização & administração
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Disparidades nos Níveis de Saúde
Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Masculino
População
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/métodos
Fatores de Risco
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  4 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431927
[Au] Autor:Katulskiy YN
[Ti] Título:[About unification of indices of the possibility of disease occurrence in risk assessment methodology and the determination of the probability of non-carcinogenic effects in toxicological-hygienic, clinical and epidemiological studies and according to data about health-seeking behavior].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):998-1002, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In the methodology for the assessment of the risk the possibility of the disease occurrence under the impact of carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic substances is measured by different indices. This leads to the fact that within the single methodology there are used various scores for such similar index as the risk of the disease occurrence, as a result carcinogens and systemic toxicants happen to be inconsistent from this point of view. At the same time, unlike carcinogens risk indices for systemic toxicants do not allow to evaluate the number of possible diseases in the population during the corresponding period of time, because they contain no information about their probability. Obviously, from this point of view, the characteristics of carcinogenic risk have certain advantages. Therefore, noncarcinogenic risk should be assessed by the similar indices as carcinogenic ones. However, an obstacle to this is the fact that in toxicological-hygienic, clinical and epidemiological studies, according to the results of which there is determined the risk for systemic toxicants, the impact of non-lethal levels of the exposure is established not in separate individuals, as for carcinogens, but according to mean-group values of indices of the state of the body as the identification of the nonspecific effect under relatively non high doses (concentrations) in the single person is fairly difficult. Such data do not allow to estimate the probability of the break of the effect. Also the data concerning seeking for the medical help, considering repeated medical resource utilization due to protract diseases or afflictions occurring repeatedly in a person several times for the considered period of time fail to be the estimation of the probability for the disease occurrence. For the obtaining of the possibility of unification of the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic indices of risk in the paper there are presented methods for the determination of the probability of non-carcinogenic effects in toxicological-hygienic, clinical and epidemiological studies, as well as according to statistical data on the seeking for the medical help, taking into account the repeated appeals of the protract or re-emerging diseases.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Substâncias Perigosas
Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
Medição de Risco
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Rotas de Resultados Adversos/estatística & dados numéricos
Viés
Estudos Epidemiológicos
Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos
Substâncias Perigosas/análise
Seres Humanos
Medição de Risco/métodos
Medição de Risco/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hazardous Substances)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  5 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29431342
[Au] Autor:Meshkov NA; Rakhmanov RS; Valtseva EA; Alter TV; Russkova AN; Troshin VV; Fomina YN
[Ti] Título:[Epidemiological and hygiene assessment of the health status of population in the area of the construction site of low-head water power development].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(10):955-61, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:Hydrotechnical facilities have significant environmental and health imyacts. Results of a hygienic assessment of the condition of environmental objects in the area of the yrojected Nizhny Novgorod low-head water ylant develoyment showed that the both air and water pollution level in decentralized water supply sources in Balakhna and Gorodets are lower than in the city of Nizhny Novgorod, and those of the water in the water supply network are higher than in the reference area. A cross-sectional study has revealed in the main grouf (Gorodets, Zavolzhye and Balakhna) the rate of morbidity of nervous system and cardiovascular diseases to be higher than in the reference group (Nizhny Novgorod), with cardiovascular diseases being the largest contributor to the overall grevalence rate in the groug under analysis; and digestive system diseases, in the reference group. The study has no revealed direct correlation between morbidity rate in children and adults and the studied factors. However, a direct relationship has been found between the prevalence rate of endocrine diseases in children and the quality of water in the water supply network in Balakhna District (p<0.007); also, there's a correlation between the morbidity rate of digestive diseases and air pollution and water quality in the water supply network (p<0.009). In the Gorodets District, the same situation has been revealed: the morbidity rate of endocrine diseases in children depends on quality of water from the water supply network (p<0.049); the prevalence rate of digestive diseases, on air pollution and water quality in the water supply network (p<0.048). In the same region in adults the prevalence rate of the nervous system diseases, digestive diseases and diseases of the skin and subcutaneous tissue depends on air pollution and pollution of water in the water supply network (p<0.011, p<0.01 and p<0.02, respectively).
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Doença Ambiental
Poluição da Água
Abastecimento de Água
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Criança
Estudos Transversais
Doença Ambiental/classificação
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/etiologia
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Nível de Saúde
Seres Humanos
Desenvolvimento Industrial
Prevalência
Saúde Pública/normas
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Poluição da Água/efeitos adversos
Poluição da Água/análise
Qualidade da Água/normas
Abastecimento de Água/métodos
Abastecimento de Água/normas
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  6 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430913
[Au] Autor:Prusakova AV; Prusakov VM
[Ti] Título:[Methodical complex for the assessment of mass noninfectious prevalence rate and the medico-ecological situation in the territory].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):811-17, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The purpose of this article - the narration of main provisions of the algorithm of the system use of techniques and methods for the determination of the epidemiological risk for the morbidity of the population for the identification and assessment of mass noninfectious diseases, local variants ofpopulation health and the degree of stringency of medical and environmental conditions (or ecological trouble), in areas of industrial and non-administrative units of the area (region). Control-flow chartfor the evaluation of mass non-communicable diseases and medical-ecological situation in the territory on the basis of techniques and methods of risk assessment for decision-making control includes the following steps: 1) determination of the conditional regional level of the background prevalence rate as the unit of regional type of population health, shaped by regional climatic and geographic and other features of the environmental conditions; 2) detection of the epidemiological relative risk of the morbidity rate and mass non-infectious diseases; 3) determination of the wave-like character of the dynamics of the riskfor mass non-infectious morbidity rate of the population and the adaptation process shaping it in the territories; 4) separating the leading mass non-communicable diseases, especially shaping peculiarities of local variants of population health in the special industrial and non-industrial areas; 5) determination of the degree of stringency of medical and environmental situation (or ecological trouble) in the studied area, with local variants ofpopulation health; 6) a forecast of the expected trends in the dynamics of the risk for mass non-infectious prevalence rate; 7) justification of the main directions of the development of medical and environmental preventive measures on the reduction of mass non-infectious diseases and the improvement of the quality of health of the population in the studied areas. The given methodical complex will allow to more effectively solve problems ofprevention of mass non-infectious prevalence of the population and improve health and environmental conditions in the study area based on public health monitoring data.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Estudos Transversais/métodos
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Monitoramento Ambiental
Medição de Risco/métodos
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/normas
Previsões
Seres Humanos
Morbidade/tendências
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  7 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430910
[Au] Autor:Rusakov NV
[Ti] Título:[Methodological problems of noninfectious epidemiology and hygiene under chemical pollution of the environment].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(9):797-800, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:In modern conditions the base of the assurance of the safety of human being from harmful factors of environment is the hygienic rationing for the latters. The use of this methodological principle led to the considerable decline in the level of chemical pollution of environment objects. However tens of millions of Russians are exposed to the impact of chemicals above admissible hygienic level. There was noted the high prevalence and mortality rate due to noninfectious diseases of the population. The hygienic science needs to develop and introduce methodology of personification prevention on protection of the person against chemical environmental pollution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Vazamento de Resíduos Químicos/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Poluição Ambiental
Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Poluição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Seres Humanos
Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde
Saúde Pública/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180309
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180309
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  8 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430900
[Au] Autor:Kiku PF; Geltser BI; Yarygina MV; Beniowa SN; Gorborukova TV; Moreva VG; Shiter NS; Sabirova KM; Mezentseva MA
[Ti] Título:[Ecological-hygienic aspects of the prevalence of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky Krai].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):749-53, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:There was executed the ecologic-hygienic assessment of the distribution of respiratory diseases prevalence in bioclimatic zones of the Primorsky Krai. The aim of the study was a systematic assessment of the impact of ecological-hygienic factors of environment on the distribution of respiratory diseases in adolescents and children of the Primorsky region. As an information database there were used indices of the prevalence of diseases of the respiratory system of the ICD-10 class of the official statistical report forms for the period of2000-2013 and the parameters of the environment offactor modules (6 - socio-sanitary, 5 - environmental). The numerical values of modules offactors were determined according to a specially developed scoring scale. The study of the prevalence was carried out with the use of a classical method of data analysis - descriptive statistics, Chi-square criteria. By means of the method of regression analysis from the SPSS package software there was established the relationship of environmental factors and the level of the prevalence of diseases, and were calculated values of the factor loadings influencing on the morbidity rate of children and adolescents. The study revealed that in the structure of morbidity diseases of the respiratory system account of 39% in adolescents, 61% - in children. Constructed predictive models describe the trend of the increasing in the prevalence in adolescents and children. Over the past 15 years, the level of respiratory diseases morbidity rate increased by 46.1%. It is established that the prevalence of respiratory diseases in children and adolescents from various districts of the Primorsky territory depends on the features of the bioclimatic zones and the degree of sanitary-hygienic situation, as well as combinations of parameters that form these zones; the highest cumulative level of the prevalence is observed in the bioclimatic zone of the coast, that is caused by the various degree of the impact of biotropic factors of environment; The prevalence of diseases of respiratory system is mainly affected by bioclimatic factors: residence in an area of high humidity, temperature swings, movements of air masses in combination with air pollution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Doenças Respiratórias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos
Substâncias Perigosas/análise
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação
Masculino
Doenças Respiratórias/diagnóstico
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/prevenção & controle
Medição de Risco/métodos
Federação Russa/epidemiologia
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Hazardous Substances)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


  9 / 1059 MEDLINE  
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[PMID]:29430898
[Au] Autor:Masnavieva LB; Efimova NV; Kudaeva IV
[Ti] Título:[Individual risks to adolescent health, caused by contaminating the air, and their relationship with the levels of specific autoantibodies].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):738-42, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The high levels of the air pollution create prerequisites for the development of the pathology of target organs exposed to chemical agents. Big enterprises of oil refining and chemical industry of the Irkutsk region are located in the cities of Angarsk and Sayansk. The average level of the air pollution for several years in these cities is assessed as high and moderate, respectively. The use of the personalized approach may allow to more correctly evaluate the risk for the damage to health and the body's response to external impacts. The purpose of this study was to assess the risk offormation ofpathological processes in the body of adolescents in the conditions of inhalation exposure to chemicals, taking into account the individual load and study of the level of specific autoantibodies. The study included 373 adolescents from the city with high levels of air pollution and 188 schoolchildren from the city with a moderate level pollution. There was made an evaluation of the individual chemical hazard load on adolescents ' body due to the air pollution, physiologicalfeatures and the organization of educational process and leisure. There were studied the levels of specific autoantibodies, reflecting the state of the organs - targets for the impact ofpollutants. The calculation of the individual chemical load allows to calculate indices of the hazard for the health problems of each individual and to identify individuals at increased risk of developing diseases of organs and systems, which are targets for exposure to pollutants. The increase in the hazard index of developing respiratory diseases was found to be accompanied by an increase of the relative content of autoantibodies against membrane antigens of the lung tissue. There was revealed the elevation in autoantibodies levels to the proteins of vascular endothelial with increasing hazard index of disturbances in the cardiovascular system in adolescents living in city with high levels of air pollution.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Poluição do Ar
Autoanticorpos/análise
Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Doenças Respiratórias
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adolescente
Poluição do Ar/efeitos adversos
Poluição do Ar/análise
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/análise
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/imunologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Poluição Ambiental/análise
Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Feminino
Substâncias Perigosas/efeitos adversos
Substâncias Perigosas/análise
Seres Humanos
Exposição por Inalação
Masculino
Doenças Respiratórias/diagnóstico
Doenças Respiratórias/epidemiologia
Doenças Respiratórias/imunologia
Doenças Respiratórias/prevenção & controle
Medição de Risco/métodos
Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos
Sibéria/epidemiologia
População Urbana
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Autoantibodies); 0 (Hazardous Substances)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE


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Fotocópia
[PMID]:29430897
[Au] Autor:Kurmangaliev OM; Zasorin BV; Gumarova Z; Sartaev EE
[Ti] Título:[State of kidneys of the population of the industrial city].
[So] Source:Gig Sanit;95(8):734-7, 2016.
[Is] ISSN:0016-9900
[Cp] País de publicação:Russia (Federation)
[La] Idioma:rus
[Ab] Resumo:The assessment of renal functions of the adult population of Atyrau (West Kazakhstan) exposed to Atyrau oil refinery and other industrial objects (enterprises in the city), as well as employees of this refinery has been performed by virtue of the identification ofpathological changes in the urine with the use ofphotometric screening, determination of serum levels of creatinine, urea, uric acid and the calculation of glomerular filtration rate. There were obtained evident data testifying to the development of statistically significant exertion of renal function in residents of this city as compared with those of control area residents. There was revealed a statistically significant decrease in the relative density of urine in in 42% of the population, leucocyturia - in 20%, erythrocyturia - in 25%. Decreased glomerularfiltration rate was noted in these people. A statistically significant elevation of the level of uric acid in the blood in combination with an acidic reaction and sharply acidic urine reaction indicates to the possibility of the development of urate urolithiasis which is confirmed by cases of discharge of stones in the urine in 20% of the population according to data of previously executed questionnaire survey. The above mentioned changes in the functional renal reserve and hyperuricemia are equally often found among the residents of the city - Atyrau refinery workers, and the rest of the city people as well. The results of the study allow to recommend the screening ofurine with quantitative registration ofpathological changes as a mean of the most optimal objective methods for early detection of renal dysfunction in population exposed to nephrotoxic impact of environmental techno-genic pollutants.
[Mh] Termos MeSH primário: Exposição Ambiental
Doença Ambiental
Poluentes Ambientais/efeitos adversos
Nefropatias
Indústria de Petróleo e Gás
[Mh] Termos MeSH secundário: Adulto
Criança
Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos
Exposição Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Doença Ambiental/diagnóstico
Doença Ambiental/epidemiologia
Doença Ambiental/prevenção & controle
Monitoramento Ambiental/métodos
Monitoramento Ambiental/estatística & dados numéricos
Feminino
Seres Humanos
Cazaquistão/epidemiologia
Nefropatias/diagnóstico
Nefropatias/epidemiologia
Nefropatias/etiologia
Nefropatias/prevenção & controle
Testes de Função Renal/métodos
Testes de Função Renal/estatística & dados numéricos
Masculino
Saúde da População/estatística & dados numéricos
Saúde Pública/métodos
Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos
[Pt] Tipo de publicação:JOURNAL ARTICLE
[Nm] Nome de substância:
0 (Environmental Pollutants)
[Em] Mês de entrada:1803
[Cu] Atualização por classe:180301
[Lr] Data última revisão:
180301
[Sb] Subgrupo de revista:IM
[Da] Data de entrada para processamento:180213
[St] Status:MEDLINE



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